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CAN YOU SPOT THE DIFFERENCE?

DYSLEXIA

PROFESSOR LARA ERINA HOWELL EDU 214 27, 0CT 2013

These two brothers both have around a 130 IQ, share the same interests and have similar personalities. One, however, takes honors classes at school and maintains straight As, while the other struggles daily to keep a C+ average in his regular classes. The difference? The one on the right is dyslexic. At 13 years of age he reads and writes at a third grade level.

WHAT IS DYSLEXIA?
According to the International Dyslexia Association, Dyslexia is a language based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, which result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with dyslexia usually experience difficulties with other language skills such as spelling, writing, and pronouncing words. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their lives; however, its impact can change at different stages in a persons life. It is referred to as a learning disability because dyslexia can make it very difficult for a student to succeed academically in a typical instructional environment, and in its more severe forms, will qualify a student for special education, special accommodations, or extra services. SPECIFIC TEACHING STRATEGIES Orton-Gillingham Method of reading teaches struggling and non-readers how to read and write. The program works with all students, especially those with dyslexia. Students are taught spelling simultaneously with reading. Because each student has a different learning style, all lessons are taught by seeing, saying, moving, hearing and touching the concept being taught. This is known as multi sensory teaching. Moose Materials are manipulative and games designed to motivate children in language skill mastery. Wilson Language Training is a provider of professional learning and research based reading and spelling curricula for all ages. Its multi sensory, structured curricula has proven highly effective.

STATISTICS Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading, writing & spelling difficulties. 15-20% of the population, has a language based learning disability. Dyslexia is probably the most common. Nearly the same percentage of males and females have dyslexia. Nearly the same percentage of people from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds have dyslexia. Less than 1/3 of the children with reading disabili ties are receiving school services for their reading disability. 5% of the population will have enduring, severe reading disabilities.

POSSIBLE CAUSES Genetic Neurological Phonological Processing Impairment Brain Injury Stroke Trauma Premature Birth

CURRENT LAWS: As of July 2012, 22 states had dyslexia laws, three of which provide a handbook to inform parents and educators about the proper procedures for students in public and private educational settings. In addition three states have drafted a dyslexia handbook to provide resources and guide school personnel and parents in both identification and intervention for children with dyslexia. Of the remaining states, six have laws making their

ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY
"The number one way to succeed on the job is to use technology. -Dr. Michael Ryan The Classmate Reader is a hand-held device that reads textbooks and study materials aloud. GrammarCheck is a free online grammar checker will show and suggest corrections for grammar errors in a written document. Livescribe Smartpen records lectures that you're listening to while you take notes, so you wont miss any information. You can go back and listen to the recording to fill in any hard-to-clarify areas. Narrator is a free screen reader that reads text on the screen aloud and describes events like error messages so you can use your PC without a display. Dragon Naturally Speaking program allows its users to create documents up to three times faster than normal typists by using voice dictation technology.

SYMPTOMS INCLUDE TROUBLE WITH


PreK-2nd Grade Learning the alphabet or numbers
Rhyming words Lack of Interest in stories or books Associating letters with sounds Pronouncing words Learning to write at appropriate age

way through the legislature, and two have tried to increase dyslexia awareness through creation of a dyslexia week and month.

3rd-8th Grade
Keeping ones place when reading Mastering the rules of spelling Moving letters around when reading Distinguishing between similar words Understanding word problems in math Accurately analyzing unfamiliar words Reading with understanding Speaking with precise, varied vocabulary MEDICAL DISCOVERIES 2012-2013 A new study of the genetic origins of dyslexia and other learning disabilities could allow for earlier diagnoses and more successful interventions, according to researchers at Yale School of Medicine. Currently, many students now are not diagnosed until high school, at which point treatments are less effective. Researchers from MIT discovered a link between the size of a language-processing area of the brain and poor pre-reading skills in kindergartners. This finding, could lead the way for an earlier diagnosis.

FAMILY & COMMUNITY RESOURCES


The International Dyslexia Association Phone (410) 296-0232 http://www.interdys.org/index.htm The Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity Phone (203) 785-4641 www.dyslexia.yale.edu/ Dyslexia at the University of Michigan Phone (800) ABC-D123 dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/ The American Dyslexia Association 442 S. Tamiami Trail Osprey, FL 34229

Teenagers & Adults


Reading at the expected level Summarizing a story Memorizing Organizing and managing time Learning a foreign language Understanding idioms and jokes

http://www.americandyslexiaassociation.

REFERENCES Davis, R. D., & Braun, E. M. (1997). The gift of dyslexia: why some of the smartest people can't read and how they can learn. New York: Berkley Pub. Group. DyslexiaHelp at the University of Michigan. (n.d.). DyslexiaHelp at the University of Michigan. Retrieved October 27, 2013, from http:// dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/ Hultquist, A. M. (2006). An introduction to dyslexia for parents and professionals. London: Jessica Kingsley. NINDS Dyslexia Information Page. (n.d.). Dyslexia Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Retrieved October 29, 2013, from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dyslexia/dyslexia.htm Yale Center For Dyslexia & Creativity. (n.d.). Yale Center For Dyslexia & Creativity. Retrieved October 29, 2013, from http://www.dyslexia.yale.edu/