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Lab 2.8.

1: Basic Static Route Configuration
Topology Diagram

A

ressing Table
De!ice R1 "nterface (a)*) S)*)*) (a)*) R2 S)*)*) S)*)*1 R+ #C1 #C2 #C+ (A)*) S)*)*1 ,"C ,"C ,"C "# A ress Subnet $as% 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 255.255.255.0 Default &ate'ay N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 172.16.3.1 172.16.1.1 192.168.2.1

172.16.3.1 172.16.2.1 172.16.1.1 172.16.2.2 192.168.1.2 192.168.2.1 192.168.1.1 172.16.3.10 172.16.1.10 192.168.2.10

Learning -b.ecti!es
Upon completion of this lab, yo !ill be able to" • • • #able a net!o$% acco$&in' to the (opolo'y )ia'$am. *$ase the sta$t p confi' $ation an& $eloa& a $o te$ to the &efa lt state. +e$fo$m basic confi' $ation tas%s on a $o te$.
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All contents a$e #opy$i'ht , 1992-2007 #isco .ystems, /nc. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.

##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .tatic 2o tin'

3ab 2.8.1" 4asic .tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation

• • • • • • • • • •

/nte$p$et debug ip routing o tp t. #onfi' $e an& acti0ate .e$ial an& *the$net inte$faces. (est connecti0ity. 5athe$ info$mation to &isco0e$ ca ses fo$ lac% of connecti0ity bet!een &e0ices. #onfi' $e a static $o te sin' an inte$me&iate a&&$ess. #onfi' $e a static $o te sin' an e1it inte$face. #ompa$e a static $o te !ith inte$me&iate a&&$ess to a static $o te !ith e1it inte$face. #onfi' $e a &efa lt static $o te. #onfi' $e a s mma$y static $o te. )oc ment the net!o$% implementation.

Scenario
/n this lab acti0ity, yo !ill c$eate a net!o$% that is simila$ to the one sho!n in the (opolo'y )ia'$am. 4e'in by cablin' the net!o$% as sho!n in the (opolo'y )ia'$am. 6o !ill then pe$fo$m the initial $o te$ confi' $ations $e7 i$e& fo$ connecti0ity. Use the /+ a&&$esses that a$e p$o0i&e& in the A&&$essin' (able to apply an a&&$essin' scheme to the net!o$% &e0ices. Afte$ completin' the basic confi' $ation, test connecti0ity bet!een the &e0ices on the net!o$%. 8i$st test the connections bet!een &i$ectly connecte& &e0ices, an& then test connecti0ity bet!een &e0ices that a$e not &i$ectly connecte&. .tatic $o tes m st be confi' $e& on the $o te$s fo$ en&9to9en& comm nication to ta%e place bet!een the net!o$% hosts. 6o !ill confi' $e the static $o tes that a$e nee&e& to allo! comm nication bet!een the hosts. :ie! the $o tin' table afte$ each static $o te is a&&e& to obse$0e ho! the $o tin' table has chan'e&.

Tas% 1: Cable/ 0rase/ an Reloa t1e Routers.
Step 1: Cable a net'or% t1at is similar to t1e one in t1e Topology Diagram. Step 2: Clear t1e configuration on eac1 router. #lea$ the confi' $ation on each of the $o te$s sin' the erase startup-config comman& an& then reload the $o te$s. Ans!e$ no if as%e& to sa0e chan'es.

Tas% 2: #erform Basic Router Configuration.
,ote: /f yo ha0e &iffic lty !ith any of the comman&s in this tas%, see Lab 1.2.1: Cabling a ,et'or% an Basic Router Configuration. Step 1: 3se global configuration comman s. ;n the $o te$s, ente$ 'lobal confi' $ation mo&e an& confi' $e the basic 'lobal confi' $ation comman&s incl &in'" • • • hostname no ip domain-lookup enable secret

Step 2: Configure t1e console an !irtual terminal line pass'or s on eac1 of t1e routers. • • password login

All contents a$e #opy$i'ht , 1992-2007 #isco .ystems, /nc. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.

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8o$ e1ample.1 2 .3. (he logging synchronous comman& sol0es this p$oblem by copyin' the comman& ente$e& p to that point &o!n to the ne1t $o te$ p$ompt.3.1" 4asic . the ne1t comman& yo ente$ >in this case.2 .ystems. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. !e can se the logging synchronous line confi' $ation comman&.e45oar.ote: Do not confi' $e 21 inte$faces yet. *Mar 1 01:16:0/.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. *Mar 1 01:28:02.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" . sen&s nsolicite& messa'es to the console !hen yo acti0ate an inte$face !ith the no shutdown comman&. description? is inte$$ pte& by these messa'es. A&& logging synchronous to the console an& 0i$t al te$minal lines on all $o te$s.(tate to u.20!: %LIN)#R%1%-2-"#$%&N: Line . R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 172. c*ange(tate to u. c*ange. /n othe$ !o$&s.2 . R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#logging synchronous R1(config-line)#line !ty 0 " R1(config-line)#logging synchronous All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . c*ange(tate to u. c*ange. yo may ha0e al$ea&y e1pe$ience& somethin' simila$ to the follo!in' e1ample" .2 .8. (his comman& is 0e$y helpf l in both lab an& p$o& ction en0i$onments an& ses the follo!in' synta1" Router(config-line)#logging synchronous (o synch$oni<e nsolicite& messa'es an& &eb ' o tp t !ith solicite& #isco /. +a'e 3 of 20 . 1992-2007 #isco .ut co.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)#descri *Mar 1 01:16:08. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 R1(config-if)#ip address 172. o$ 0i$t al te$minal line. =o!e0e$.ie.202: %LIN -!-"#$%&N: Interface 'a(t)t*ernet0+0..rotocol on Interface 'a(t)t*ernet0+0. a 1ilia$y po$t line.ption R1(config-if)# (he /.1 2 . All $i'hts $ese$0e&.0 R1(config-if)#no shutdown R1(config-if)#description *Mar 1 01:28:00..rotocol on Interface 'a(t)t*ernet0+0.(tate to u.210: %LIN)#R%1%-2-"#$%&N: Line . messa'es &eli0e$e& to the console o$ (elnet lines f$om inte$$ ptin' yo $ %eyboa$& inp t.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Step +: A t1e logging synchronous comman to t1e console an !irtual terminal lines.in. the logging synchronous comman& p$e0ents /. /nc.16.after 6e((age 21 is sho!n he$e as an e1ample.2 .212: %LIN -!-"#$%&N: Interface 'a(t)t*ernet0+0. R1(config-if)#description 3-.16. soft!a$e o tp t an& p$ompts fo$ a specific console po$t line..

/nc.. !e can se the e#ec-timeout line confi' $ation comman&. (he synta1 follo!s" Router(config-line)#e#ec-timeout minutes 7seconds8 . the *@*# facility $es mes the c $$ent connection. interface. All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .ote: /f yo al$ea&y confi' $e& /+ a&&$essin' on 21.2 .ynta1 &esc$iption" minutesA/nte'e$ that specifies the n mbe$ of min tes.ystems. (his comman& allo!s yo to cont$ol the amo nt of time a console o$ 0i$t al te$minal line can be i&le befo$e the session is te$minate&. +a'e E of 20 .2 . /n a lab en0i$onment.1" 4asic .er line. the *@*# facility $et $ns the te$minal to the i&le state an& &isconnects the incomin' session.1 2 . 8o$ e1ample. one . Step 1: -n R1 from pri!ilege 050C mo e/ enter t1e debug ip routing comman .ptional? A&&itional time inte$0als in secon&s.3. secondsA>. =o!e0e$. (o set the inte$0al that the *@*# comman& inte$p$ete$ !aits ntil se$ inp t is &etecte&. 1992-2007 #isco .. yo !o l& not no$mally set lines to Bno timeo tC in a p$o& ction en0i$onment. R1(config-if)#ip address 172. R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0 #onfi' $e the /+ a&&$ess as specifie& in the (opolo'y )ia'$am.9it* :N1L+. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. R1(config)#line console 0 R1(config-line)#e#ec-timeout 0 0 R1(config-line)#line !ty 0 " R1(config-line)#e#ec-timeout 0 0 Tas% +: "nterpreting Debug -utput. e0e$y time yo s ccessf lly confi' $e an& acti0ate an inte$face. De can 0e$ify this by obse$0in' o tp t f$om the debug ip routing comman&.0 i(<u. please $emo0e all interface comman&s no! befo$e p$ocee&in'.: 0 (tate: 6 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 1 *a(<route: 'al(e )n. mo&ifie&. 21 is sho!n he$e as an e1ample. R1#configure terminal )nter configuration co66an-(. R1#debug ip routing I# routing -e5ugging i( on (he debug ip routing comman& sho!s !hen $o tes a$e a&&e&.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Step 4: A t1e e#ec-timeout comman to t1e console an !irtual terminal lines. /f no connections e1ist. a&&s a $o te to the $o tin' table.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. (his comman& is 0e$y helpf l beca se the &efa lt timeo t fo$ lines is 10 min tes. A&& e#ec-timeout 0 0 to console an& 0i$t al te$minal lines on all $o te$s. . an& &elete& f$om the $o tin' table. #isco /.16. Step 2: 0nter interface configuration mo e for R16s LA. 22 an& 23 sho l& be confi' $e& th$o 'h the en& of (as% 2 !itho t any inte$face confi' $ations. yo can specify Bno timeo tC by ente$in' the e#ec-timeout 0 0 comman&. /f no inp t is &etecte& & $in' the inte$0al.8.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" . fo$ sec $ity p $poses. 21.

b t its state is 'al(e. /n othe$ !o$&s. the inte$face &i& not come p.to routing ta5le %LIN -!-"#$%&N: Interface 'a(t)t*ernet0+0. All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . $e0ie! the &isc ssion in B*1aminin' 2o te$ /nte$facesC !hich is &isc sse& in .tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation As soon as yo p$ess the 0nter %ey.: 1 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 1 *a(<route: 1rue (he ne! net!o$% yo confi' $e& on the 3AN inte$face is no! a&&e& to the $o tin' table. A$e the co$$ect cables connecte& to the &e0icesF GGGGGGGG E.(tate to u. #hec% lin% li'hts.ystems.16. o$ +#F GGGGGGGG 2.rotocol on Interface 'a(t)t*ernet0+0. )i& yo connect the co$$ect 3AN inte$faceF GGGGGGGG An inte$face !ill not come p nless it &etects a ca$$ie$ &etect si'nal at the +hysical laye$ f$om anothe$ &e0ice.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .ection 2. #isco /.(tate to u. c*an ge.C Afte$ yo ente$ the co$$ect comman&.2.0.8. A$e all lin% li'hts blin%in'F GGGGGGGG 3. =as the inte$face been acti0ate& o$ enable&F GGGGGGGG /f yo can ans!e$ yes to all the p$ocee&in' 7 estions. the $o te has not yet been a&&e& to the $o tin' table.!.: 1 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 1 *a(<route: 1rue i(<u. i(<u.6etric 70+08 R1: N)1-R)$ 1=2. +a'e 5 of 20 . @ueue (iAe 1 R1: interface 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 a--e. #hec% yo $ physical connections to the 3AN inte$face.0.0+20 R1: N)1-R)$ ?ueue-.16.1" 4asic . /f yo &o not see the $o te a&&e& to the $o tin' table.. the inte$face sho l& come p.1=2.0.!. B2o te$ #onfi' $ation 2e0ie!. connecte. i(<u.0+20 >ia 0. yo sho l& see &eb ' o tp t. i(<u. c*ange. Use the follo!in' systematic p$ocess to t$o bleshoot yo $ connection" 1. &eb ' o tp t info$ms yo that the$e is no! a $o te. /f yo a$e not s $e !hat the co$$ect comman& is. /s the co$$ect inte$face attache&F GGGGGGGG 6o $ $o te$ may ha0e mo$e than one 3AN inte$face. /nc. s!itch. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. Dhy &i& this occ $ an& !hat steps sho l& be ta%en to ens $e that the $o te is ente$e& into the $o tin' tableF GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Step +: 0nter t1e comman necessary to install t1e route in t1e routing table. 1992-2007 #isco .tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. /s the inte$face connecte& to anothe$ &e0ice s ch as a h b. 6o $ o tp t may be sli'htly &iffe$ent f$om the e1ample belo!.: 1 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 1 *a(<route: 'al(e R1: a-. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. as sho!n in the hi'hli'hte& o tp t.: 1 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 1 *a(<route: 1rue %LIN)#R%1%-2-"#$%&N: Line . #hec% the cablin'.

M . $e0ie! the &isc ssion in B*1aminin' 2o te$ /nte$faces.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.. R1(config)#interface $erial 0/0/0 #onfi' $e the /+ a&&$ess as specifie& in the (opolo'y )ia'$am.%$R # . &eb ' o tp t info$ms yo that the$e is no! a $o te.IB-IB inter area * . R1#configure terminal )nter configuration co66an-(. !e m st specify ho! fast the bits !ill be cloc%e& bet!een 21 an& 22. L1 . b t its state is 'al(e.DC# $ .8. 6o $ o tp t sho l& loo% simila$ to the follo!in' o tp t.(tatic route Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et : 1=2.1 2 .2.ome /.%B#' eFternal t4. interface connecte to R2.16. /nc.: 0 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 0 *a(<route: 'al(e . )2 ..2 .er-u(er (tatic route. % .)ICR#.IB-IB le>el-2.%B#' eFternal t4.: 0 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 0 *a(<route: 'al(e %LIN -!-"#$%&N: Interface Berial0+0+0.1" 4asic . 1 (u5net( 1=2.%B#'. 1992-2007 #isco . one .connecte-.IB-IB le>el-1.0+20 i( (u5nette-.e 2 )1 ..0 i( -irectl4 connecte-. 4eca se 21 is the )#* si&e of o $ lab en0i$onment. I . (he$e sho l& no! be one $o te in the table fo$ 21. R1(config-if)#ip address 172. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.C R1(config-if)#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< Afte$ yo ente$ the co$$ect comman&.0 i(<u. Dhat comman& &i& yo seF R1#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .er line. =e$e.can-i-ate -efault.16. !e se& 6E000 bps.ICR#.6o5ile. )E . 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 Step 2: 0nter interface configuration mo e for R16s 7A. D .16. All $i'hts $ese$0e&.(tate to -o9n )n. 0e$sions &isplay the o tp t sho!n abo0e e0e$y 30 secon&s. ) .0.erio-ic -o9nloa-e.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Step 4: 0nter t1e comman to !erify t1at t1e ne' route is no' in t1e routing table. " . R .!.: 0 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 0 *a(<route: 'al(e As soon as yo p$ess the 0nter %ey.2 .. Use the % to fin& the 0ali& $ates. R1(config-if)#clock rate 6"000 i(<u.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. yo sho l& see &eb ' o tp t simila$ to the follo!in' e1ample" i(<u. IG . ia . Step 8: 0nter t1e clock rate comman on R1.IB-IB. 6o can specify any 0ali& cloc%in' spee&.e 1..C !hich is &isc sse& in .e 2.e 1.(tatic.ection 2.2. +a'e 6 of 20 . N2 .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. /f yo a$e not s $e !hat the co$$ect comman& is. #isco /. c*ange. L2 .ystems. B2o te$ #onfi' $ation 2e0ie!.%B#' inter area N1 .)ICR# eFternal.9it* :N1L+.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .RI#. Dhy is the state of the $o te still 'al(eF Dhat step m st yo no! ta%e to ma%e s $e that the inte$face is f lly confi' $e&F GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Step 9: 0nter t1e comman necessary to ensure t1at t1e interface is fully configure . B . o . All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .)C# i .

as sho!n in the hi'hli'hte& o tp t.2. A$e the co$$ect cables connecte& to the $o te$sF GGGGGGGG E.2. f lly confi' $in' the DAN inte$face &oes not al!ays ' a$antee that the $o te !ill be ente$e& in the $o tin' table. All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .16. #hec% the cablin'. Use the follo!in' systematic p$ocess to t$o bleshoot yo $ connection" 1. /s the inte$face connecte& to the othe$ $o te$Hs inte$faceF GGGGGGGG 2.2 . 6o can also t $n on debug ip routing on 22. +a'e 7 of 20 . B2o te$ #onfi' $ation 2e0ie!.1=2.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Unli%e confi' $in' the 3AN inte$face.1" 4asic . Step :: 0nter t1e comman necessary to ensure t1at t1e interface is fully configure ..6etric 70+08 R1: interface Berial0+0+0 a--e. c*ange.C R2(config-if)#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< Afte$ yo ente$ the co$$ect comman&.2 i(<u. /nc.ystems.0 )n.0.: 0 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 0 %LIN -!-"#$%&N: Interface Berial0+0+0.er line.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. /s the co$$ect inte$face attache&F GGGGGGGG 6o $ $o te$ has mo$e than one DAN inte$face. )oin' this allo!s yo to obse$0e the &eb ' o tp t on 21 !hen yo ma%e chan'es on 22.2 2 . i(<u. c*ange. the inte$face sho l& come p.16. #hec% yo $ physical connections bet!een the t!o DAN inte$faces fo$ 21 an& 22. /f yo &o not see the $o te a&&e& to the $o tin' table. $e0ie! the &isc ssion in B*1aminin' 2o te$ /nte$faces.: 1 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 0 %LIN)#R%1%-2-"#$%&N: Line . R2(config-if)#ip address 172. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. 21 m st ha0e the )#* si&e of the cable attache& an& 22 m st ha0e the )(* si&e of the cable attache&. connecte.0.(tate to u. e0en if yo $ cable connections a$e co$$ect. R2#configure terminal )nter configuration co66an-(.8. R2(config)#interface serial 0/0/0 #onfi' $e the /+ a&&$ess as specifie& in the (opolo'y )ia'$am.rotocol on Interface Berial0+0+0.to routing ta5le i(<u.: 1 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 0 R1: a-. establish a sepa$ate te$minal session by consolin' into 22 f$om anothe$ !o$%station. /f yo a$e not s $e !hat the co$$ect comman& is.ection 2. #hec% lin% li'hts.0+20 >ia 0.0. =as the inte$face been acti0ate& o$ enable&F GGGGGGGG /f yo can ans!e$ yes to all the p$ocee&in' 7 estions. )i& yo connect the co$$ect DAN inte$faceF GGGGGGGG An inte$face !ill not come p nless it &etects a lin% beat at the +hysical laye$ f$om anothe$ &e0ice. A$e all lin% li'hts blin%in'F GGGGGGGG 3. (he othe$ si&e of the DAN lin% m st also be confi' $e&.: 0 (tate: 6 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 0 .(tate to u. Step 8: /f possible.9it* :N1L+.: 1 (tate: 0 (u5 (tate: 1 line: 0 (he ne! net!o$% that yo confi' $e& on the DAN inte$face is no! a&&e& to the $o tin' table. 1992-2007 #isco .C !hich is &isc sse& in . i(<u. one . R2#debug ip routing I# routing -e5ugging i( on *nte$ inte$face confi' $ation mo&e fo$ 22Hs DAN inte$face connecte& to 21. yo sho l& see &eb ' o tp t simila$ to the follo!in' e1ample" i(<u.2.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" . the inte$face &i& not come p. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.

)ICR#. I .ICR#.IB-IB le>el-1.)ICR# eFternal. ia . R . R .6o5ile.0.IB-IB le>el-2.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.%$R.)ICR#. Dhat comman& &i& yo seF R1#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : . 1992-2007 #isco .er-u(er (tatic route o . 1 (u5net( 1=2.e 1. * . M .can-i-ate -efault.ystems. N2 .16.connecte-.8.%B#'. L2 .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Step 1): 0nter t1e comman to !erify t1at t1e ne' route is no' in t1e routing table for R1 an R2.IB-IB inter area.IB-IB inter area * .16.IB-IB (u66ar4. All $i'hts $ese$0e&.)ICR# eFternal.(tatic route Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et : : 1=2. IG .2.e 2 )1 . D ..e 2 i . )E .16.IB-IB. o . % .. L2 .%$R # . +a'e 8 of 20 .%B#' inter area N1 .%B#' inter area N1 . B . L1 .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. % . )2 .RI#. Berial0+0+0 1=2.!.e 2 )1 . # . D .(tatic.RI#.16.e 1.0+20 i( (u5nette-.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. L1 . B ..(tatic route Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et : 1=2.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-. N2 .0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.%B#'.)C# i .e 1.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .2.can-i-ate -efault. ) . IG . 2 (u5net( 1=2.er-u(er (tatic route. Berial0+0+0 Step 11: Turn off ebugging on bot1 routers using eit1er no debug ip routing or simply/ undebug all.(tatic. (he$e sho l& no! be t!o $o tes in the $o tin' table fo$ 21 an& one $o te in the table fo$ 22. /nc. 6o $ o tp t sho l& loo% simila$ to the follo!in' o tp t. )2 .erio-ic -o9nloa-e. (u .16.0.IB-IB le>el-1.e 1.%B#' eFternal t4.IB-IB.1" 4asic . R1(config-if)#end R1#no debug ip routing I# routing -e5ugging i( off All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .%B#' eFternal t4.DC# $ . )E .%B#' eFternal t4.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.IB-IB le>el-2 ia . " . M .connecte-.DC# $ .0+20 i( (u5nette-. " .%B#' eFternal t4.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-. 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 R2#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .6o5ile..e 2.erio-ic -o9nloa-e.

#hec% the $o te$ inte$faces sin' the show ip interface brief comman&.1F GGGGGGGG All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.1. #hec% the +# confi' $ations. is it possible to pin' 23 at 192. 8$om the $o te$ 22. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.8. #onfi' $e the host +#3 !ith an /+ a&&$ess of 192. All $i'hts $ese$0e&.2. Step 2: 3se t1e ping comman to test connecti!ity bet'een irectly connecte routers. is it possible to pin' the &efa lt 'ate!ayF GGGGGGGG 8$om the host +#2.16.16. )o they match the (opolo'y )ia'$amF GGGGGGGG 3. is it possible to pin' the &efa lt 'ate!ayF GGGGGGGG /f the ans!e$ is no fo$ any of these 7 estions. 8$om the host +#1.16.1. is it possible to pin' 21 at 172.1.10/2E an& a &efa lt 'ate!ay of 192.1. Step 2: Configure R+ "nterfaces #onsole into 23 an& confi' $e the necessa$y inte$faces acco$&in' to the (opolo'y )ia'$am an& A&&$essin' (able.3. +a'e 9 of 20 .##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" . is it possible to pin' the &efa lt 'ate!ayF GGGGGGGG 8$om the host +#3. yo sho l& be able to s ccessf lly pin' the &efa lt 'ate!ay.16.168.10/2E an& a &efa lt 'ate!ay of 172. A$e all $ele0ant inte$faces up an& upF GGGGGGGG /f yo $ ans!e$ to all th$ee steps is yes.10/2E an& a &efa lt 'ate!ay of 172.ystems.2.1" 4asic .168. #onfi' $e the host +#1 !ith an /+ a&&$ess of 172. A$e the +#s physically connecte& to the co$$ect $o te$F GGGGGGGG >#onnection co l& be th$o 'h a s!itch o$ &i$ectly? A$e lin% li'hts blin%in' on all $ele0ant po$tsF GGGGGGGG 2. Step 1: Configure t1e 1ost #C1.1.1F GGGGGGGG 8$om the $o te$ 22. #onfi' $e the host +#2 !ith an /+ a&&$ess of 172. Tas% 2: Configure "# A ressing on t1e . (est connecti0ity by pin'in' f$om each host to the &efa lt 'ate!ay that has been confi' $e& fo$ that host.3.1. t$o bleshoot the confi' $ations to fin& the e$$o$ sin' the follo!in' systematic p$ocess" 1. Tas% 8: Test an <erify t1e Configurations. 1992-2007 #isco .2.ost #Cs.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Tas% 4: (inis1 Configuring Router "nterfaces Step 1: Configure Remaining R2 "nterfaces 8inish confi' $in' the $emainin' inte$faces on 22 acco$&in' to the (opolo'y )ia'$am an& A&&$essin' (able. #hec% the cablin'. Step 2: Configure t1e 1ost #C2. /nc.168.16. Step +: Configure t1e 1ost #C+. Step 1: Test connecti!ity.

16. (he follo!in' o tp t is fo$ 22. A$e the $o te$s physically connecte&F GGGGGGGG A$e lin% li'hts blin%in' on all $ele0ant po$tsF GGGGGGGG 2. 8$om the host +#3.2 Berial0+0+1 1/2. u.8. a-6ini(trati>el4 -o9n -o9n A$e all of the $ele0ant inte$faces on each $o te$ acti0ate& >that is. =as the inte$face been acti0ate& o$ enable&F GGGGGGGG E. a-6ini(trati>el4 -o9n -o9n u.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation /f the ans!e$ is no fo$ any of these 7 estions. )o they match the (opolo'y )ia'$amF GGGGGGGG )i& yo confi' $e the clock rate comman& on the )#* si&e of the lin%F GGGGGGGG 3. in the up an& up state?F GGGGGGGG =o! many inte$faces a$e acti0ate& on 21 an& 23F GGGGGGG Dhy a$e the$e th$ee acti0ate& inte$faces on 22F GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . Step +: 3se ping to c1ec% connecti!ity bet'een e!ices t1at are not irectly connecte . +a'e 10 of 20 . u. #hec% the $o te$ confi' $ations.2.1. is it possible to pin' the host +#1F GGGGGGGG 8$om the $o te$ 21.ystems.2 Jlan1 una((igne% H I)B I)B I)B I)B I)B Met*o6anual un(et 6anual 6anual 6anual Btatu( #rotocol u. #hec% the cablin'. t$o bleshoot the confi' $ations to fin& the e$$o$ sin' the follo!in' systematic p$ocess" 1. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. A$e the inte$faces up an& upF GGGGGGGG /f yo $ ans!e$ to all th$ee steps is yes. yo sho l& be able to s ccessf lly pin' f$om 22 to 21 an& f$om 22 to 23. R2#show ip interface brief Interface I#-G--re(( 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 1=2. 1992-2007 #isco .1 'a(t)t*ernet0+1 una((igneBerial0+0+0 1=2.16.1. is it possible to pin' $o te$ 23F GGGGGGGG (hese pin's sho l& all fail. Step 1: C1ec% status of interfaces. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. u. DhyF GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Tas% 9: &at1er "nformation. u. is it possible to pin' the host +#1F GGGGGGGG 8$om the host +#3. /nc.1" 4asic . #hec% the $o te$ inte$faces sin' the show ip interface brief comman&.168.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" . is it possible to pin' the host +#2F GGGGGGGG 8$om the host +#2. #hec% the stat s of the inte$faces on each $o te$ !ith the comman& show ip interface brief.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.

0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.connecte-.%B#' inter area N1 .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.e 1.can-i-ate -efault " .%B#'. 2 (u5net( 1=2. 1992-2007 #isco .er-u(er (tatic route. /nc.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. I . N2 .ystems. ) .16.e 1.0.. M . ) .)C# i .168. 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 Dhat net!o$%s a$e p$esent in the (opolo'y )ia'$am b t not in the $o tin' table fo$ 21F GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG R2#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-.er-u(er (tatic route. R1#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. M .IB-IB le>el-1.16.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Step 2: <ie' t1e routing table information for all t1ree routers..0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.)ICR#..)ICR#. * .e 1. I .can-i-ate -efault. D .%B#' inter area N1 .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.RI#.2.can-i-ate -efault " . " .%B#' eFternal t4. IG .0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.connecte-. L2 . % .ICR#. +a'e 11 of 20 .2.0+20 i( (u5nette-.)C# i .)C# i .e 2.er-u(er (tatic route. 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 Dhat net!o$%s a$e p$esent in the (opolo'y )ia'$am b t not in the $o tin' table fo$ 23F GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . D .IB-IB le>el-1.%B#' inter area N1 . % . 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 1=2. ) .1. I .IB-IB le>el-2. % .1.e 2 )1 . Berial0+0+0 1=2.(tatic. N2 .e 1.)ICR#. L1 .6o5ile.RI#. M .IB-IB le>el-2.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .e 2 )1 . )E . o .%B#' eFternal t4.DC# $ .e 2.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.. Berial0+0+1 Dhat net!o$%s a$e p$esent in the (opolo'y )ia'$am b t not in the $o tin' table fo$ 22F GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG R!#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : . All $i'hts $ese$0e&. D .IB-IB le>el-2.%$R Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et : : : 1=2.e 1. Berial0+0+1 1/2.6o5ile.%B#'.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-. R . R . )E . )2 .16.IB-IB. L1 .168.connecte-.(tatic.IB-IB le>el-1.ICR#.0+20 i( (u5nette-.%B#' eFternal t4.1" 4asic .6o5ile.IB-IB.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-. Berial0+0+0 1/2. o .DC# $ .%B#' eFternal t4.%$R # .ICR#.16.8.IB-IB.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. L2 . IG . )2 .)ICR# eFternal.168.%B#' eFternal t4.e 1. )E . L2 .%$R Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et : : 1/2.%B#' eFternal t4.2.)ICR# eFternal.0.IB-IB inter area * .DC# $ .1.)ICR# eFternal. * .e 2. )2 . o .%B#'. IG . R . B . B .(tatic route Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et : : 1=2. L1 . B . 2 (u5net( 1=2.!.e 2 )1 .erio-ic -o9nloa-e.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-.16.RI#.(tatic. N2 .16. ia .

R .2 1/2. Step 1: To configure static routes 'it1 a ne=t>1op specifie / use t1e follo'ing synta=: Router(config)# ip route network-address subnet-mask ip-address • • • network-address"A)estination net!o$% a&&$ess of the $emote net!o$% to be a&&e& to the $o tin' table.2 .1.%$R Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et B : : R!# 1=2.ystems. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. % .1. * . subnet-maskA.16. confi' $e a static $o te to the 172. Notice that the $o te is co&e& !ith an S. B .16. Dhat inte$face !ill 23 se to fo$!a$& pac%ets to the 172. 1992-2007 #isco .0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-.0 net!o$% sin' the .DC# $ .16.2 . 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 Dith this $o te ente$e& in the $o tin' table. bnet mas% of the $emote net!o$% to be a&&e& to the $o tin' table.%B#'. Berial0+0+1 1/2.2.0/2E net!o$%F GGGGGGGGGGGG All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .e 1.1.16. ip-addressA#ommonly $efe$$e& to as the ne1t9hop $o te$Hs /+ a&&$ess.1.1. o .RI#. R!#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .0+20 i( (u5nette-.)ICR# eFternal.8.16.%B#' eFternal t4. 1 (u5net( 1=2.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-. N2 ..%B#' inter area N1 .e$ial 0/0/1 inte$face of 22 as the ne1t9hop a&&$ess. R!(config)#ip route 172.(tatic. . M . D .1.6o5ile. ) .%B#' eFternal t4. /nc.168.e 2 )1 .)ICR#.16'.1.IB-IB le>el-2. L1 . IG .e=t>.can-i-ate -efault " .1" 4asic .0.1.)C# i .1.ICR#.16.e 1.IB-IB le>el-1.2 Step 2: <ie' t1e routing table to !erify t1e ne' static route entry.e 2. )E .0 1&2.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .IB-IB.connecte-.0/2E !ill be fo$!a$&e& to the ne1t9hop $o te$ at 192. I .2. (he s bnet mas% can be mo&ifie& to s mma$i<e a '$o p of net!o$%s.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.168.er-u(er (tatic route. any pac%et that matches the fi$st 2E left9most bits of 172.n the 23 $o te$.0 2 R!(config)# . (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. !hich means that the $o te is a static $o te. )2 .op A ress.168.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Dhy a$e all the net!o$%s not in the $o tin' tables fo$ each of the $o te$sF GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Dhat can be a&&e& to the net!o$% so that &e0ices that a$e not &i$ectly connecte& can pin' each othe$F GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Tas% 8: Configure a Static Route 3sing a . +a'e 12 of 20 .168.0 71+08 >ia 1/2. L2 .tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.

1.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.er-u(er (tatic route. !ith !hat inte$face !ill 23 sen& the pac%etF +ac%et 1 2 3 E 5 )estination /+ 172.2.0+20 i( (u5nette-. the pin' $eply !ill be &isca$&e& at 22 beca se the 22 &oes not ha0e a $et $n $o te to the 192. !hich means the $o te is a static $o te. Berial0+0+1 1/2..ICR#. L2 .2 .ystems.1. ) .)ICR# eFternal.16.(tatic. is it possible to pin' the host +#2F GGGGGGGG (hese pin's sho l& fail.0 net!o$% in the $o tin' table.)ICR#.168.168.16. Step +: 3se ping to c1ec% connecti!ity bet'een t1e 1ost #C+ an t1e 1ost #C2.2. * . L1 .e 1.2. N2 .2 172.%$R Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et : : : B R2# 1=2.can-i-ate -efault " .1 Step 8: 3se ping to c1ec% connecti!ity bet'een t1e 1ost #C+ an t1e 1ost #C2.RI#.6o5ile.10 192.188.%B#'.0 2 R2(config)# .1" 4asic .1.2. I .%B#' eFternal t4. /nc. IG .0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-.DC# $ .16.%B#' eFternal t4. )2 .IB-IB. 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 1=2. 2 (u5net( 1=2.10 192.10 )isca$& o$ 8o$!a$&F GGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGG /nte$face GGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGG Altho 'h 23 !ill fo$!a$& pac%ets to &estinations fo$ !hich the$e is a $o te.3. 8$om the host +#3.2.%B#' inter area N1 .168. R .tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Ass me that the follo!in' pac%ets ha0e a$$i0e& at 23 !ith the in&icate& &estination a&&$esses.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.16. All $i'hts $ese$0e&.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. D .e 1. )E .168. Notice that the $o te is co&e& !ith an S.) net'or%.IB-IB le>el-1. % . Berial0+0+0 1/2.1 172. o .2. R2#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .0+20 71+08 >ia 1/2.0/2E net!o$%F R2(config)#ip route 1&2.e 2. (he pin's !ill a$$i0e at +#2 if yo ha0e confi' $e& an& 0e$ifie& all &e0ices th$o 'h (as% 7. 8$om the host +#3.16.16. +a'e 13 of 20 . is it possible to pin' the host +#2F GGGGGGGG (his pin' sho l& be s ccessf l.8.e 2 )1 .0.2.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.IB-IB le>el-2.168. M . Dhat is the ne1t9hop a&&$ess to !hich 22 !o l& sen& a pac%et &estine& fo$ the 192.1. Dill 23 &isca$& the pac%et o$ fo$!a$& the pac%etF /f 23 fo$!a$&s the pac%et. Step 4: -n t1e R2 router/ configure a static route to reac1 t1e 1:2.1.)C# i . (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.16'. All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .16. this &oes not mean that a pac%et !ill a$$i0e safely at the final &estination.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .C +#2 !ill sen& a pin' $eply bac% to +#3. =o!e0e$. 1992-2007 #isco . B5athe$ /nfo$mation.0 (((((((((((((((( Step 2: <ie' t1e routing table to !erify t1e ne' static route entry.connecte-.168.2 . B .2.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.

IB-IB.%B#' inter area N1 . IG . (o confi' $e static $o tes !ith an e1it inte$face specifie&. * . R!#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" . I .0 L interface Berial0+0+0 no i.16. Berial0+0+1 1/2.1" 4asic . L1 .0+20 i( (u5nette-.168.2 . All $i'hts $ese$0e&.ystems.RI#.1.connecte-.2 1=2.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.168. a--re(( (*ut-o9n All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .168. )2 .0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.e 1. ) .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.%$R Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et B B : : R!# 1=2.0 $erial0/0/1 Step 2: <ie' t1e routing table to !erify t1e ne' static route entry.e 1. R!#show running-config Duil-ing configuration.2.%B#'. D . /nc.222.)ICR# eFternal. Berial0+0+1 1/2. Step 1: -n t1e R+ router/ configure a static route.16.ut o6itte-K L *o(tna6e R! L interface 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 i. .DC# $ . % . 1992-2007 #isco .IB-IB le>el-1.2 . 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 Use the show running-config comman& to 0e$ify the static $o tes that a$e c $$ently confi' $e& on 23. 2 (u5net( 1=2.16.222. subnet-maskA. confi' $e a static $o te to the 172. se the follo!in' synta1" Router(config)# ip route network-address subnet-mask exit-interface • • • network-addressA)estination net!o$% a&&$ess of the $emote net!o$% to be a&&e& to the $o tin' table. (he s bnet mas% can be mo&ifie& to s mma$i<e a '$o p of net!o$%s.ICR#.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Tas% :: Configure a Static Route 3sing an 0=it "nterface.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-. L2 .n the 23 $o te$.0 net!o$% sin' the .2.0 71+08 >ia 1/2. +a'e 1E of 20 .)C# i . bnet mas% of the $emote net!o$% to be a&&e& to the $o tin' table. )E . B . R .6o5ile. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.8.e 2.. N2 .%B#' eFternal t4. R!(config)# ip route 172.can-i-ate -efault " .1.1.(tatic.0.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.er-u(er (tatic route.e$ial 0/0/1 inte$face of the 23 $o te$ as the e1it inte$face.16. M .IB-IB le>el-2. exit-interfaceA.2. o .16.2.)ICR#.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-. 3out.1 222.168.0 2 R!(config)# ..e 2 )1 .. t'oin' inte$face that !o l& be se& in fo$!a$&in' pac%ets to the &estination net!o$%.%B#' eFternal t4.2. a--re(( 1/2.

1.0 net!o$% in the $o tin' table.%$R Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et : : B : B R2# 1=2. )oes this mean that 22 can $ecei0e pin' $eplies f$om all &estinations sho!n in the (opolo'y )ia'$amF GGGGGGGG Dhy o$ !hy notF GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Step 2: 3se ping to c1ec% connecti!ity bet'een t1e 1ost #C2 an #C1.RI#.e 1.1 At this point. route 1=2.2. )2 .2. IG . M .tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.16. (his pin' sho l& fail beca se the 21 $o te$ &oes not ha0e a $et $n $o te to the 172. ) .##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .e 2 )1 .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.168. 22 has a complete $o tin' table !ith 0ali& $o tes to all fi0e net!o$%s sho!n in the (opolo'y )ia'$am.1.)ICR#.0. B .ystems.16. N2 .tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation L interface Berial0+0+1 i. ! (u5net( 1=2.222.e$ial 0/0/0 inte$face of the 22 $o te$ as the e1it inte$face.connecte-.. Berial0+0+0 1=2.e 2. % .e 1.IB-IB le>el-2.16.)ICR# eFternal.2 . confi' $e a static $o te to the 172. R .2 .16. All $i'hts $ese$0e&.can-i-ate -efault " .6o5ile. Berial0+0+0 1/2. route 1=2.0+20 i( (u5nette-.0 1/2.1.0+20 71+08 >ia 1/2. R2(config)# ip route 172.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.222. D . (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.16.8.1.0 net!o$% sin' the . L1 .%B#'.0 L i.1.222. R2#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .168.16.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.)C# i .er-u(er (tatic route.16.2 i.n the 22 $o te$. Berial0+0+1 1/2.(tatic.1.%B#' eFternal t4.%B#' inter area N1 .168. * .222.3.0 $erial0/0/0 Step 4: <ie' t1e routing table to !erify t1e ne' static route entry.1 222.0 2 R2(config)# . .222.168. I . 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 1=2.DC# $ .1" 4asic . )E . /nc.3.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-. L2 . +a'e 15 of 20 .1.16.0 222.0 Berial0+0+1 L en=o! !o l& yo $emo0e eithe$ of these $o tes f$om the confi' $ationF GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG Step +: -n t1e R2 router/ configure a static route. o . All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . 1992-2007 #isco .IB-IB.168. a--re(( 1/2.%B#' eFternal t4.!.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-.IB-IB le>el-1.0 222.222.2.ICR#.16.

* . )E .IB-IB.%B#' eFternal t4.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .can-i-ate -efault " .16.0+20 i( (u5nette-. =o!e0e$.e 2 )1 .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.16. the gateway of last resort.)C# i .e 2. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. /n the p$e0io s steps. M .tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.2. a&& a &efa lt static $o te. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. ) .tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Tas% 1): Configure a Default Static Route.ystems.)ICR# eFternal.0.e 1.0+0 71+08 >ia 1=2. /nc.2. IG . R1#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : .16.0.the$!ise. (o confi' $e a &efa lt static $o te. an& !ill sen& all n%no!n t$affic o t . L2 . 2 (u5net( 1=2. o .%B#' eFternal t4. L1 .0.0. !hich is connecte& to 22.16.RI#.!. +a'e 16 of 20 .0 0. /f 21 has pac%ets to $o te that &o not belon' to any of 21 &i$ectly connecte& net!o$%s. Step +: 3se ping to c1ec% connecti!ity bet'een t1e 1ost #C2 an #C1.3. !e co l& ass me that 21 is a stub router. 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 0. . A $o te$ ses the &efa lt static $o te !hen the$e is not a bette$.0. (he $o te$ an& yo !o l& be o0e$!helme&. 1992-2007 #isco .0 0.%B#' inter area N1 . (o minimi<e the si<e of the $o tin' tables.2.16. B . is it possible to pin' the host +#1F GGGGGGGG /s the$e a $o te to the 172. % . #onfi' $e the 21 $o te$ !ith a &efa lt $o te sin' the inte$face option on . 21 &isca$&s pac%ets !ith n%no!n &estinations.IB-IB le>el-2.16. 21 sho l& sen& the pac%et to 22. R1(config)#ip route 0. R .2 R1(config)# Step 2: <ie' t1e routing table to !erify t1e ne' static route entry.2 to net9orP 0. 8$om the host +#3.0. (his means that 22 is the &efa lt 'ate!ay fo$ 21.ICR#.0 M ip-address N interface O Step 1: Configure t1e R1 router 'it1 a efault route.6o5ile.e$ial 0/0/0 of 21 as the ne1t9 hop inte$face.0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.connecte-. )2 . Berial0+0+0 1=2.16. 8$om the host +#2..0 i( -irectl4 connecte-.0. D .1" 4asic .0.0 172.0.)ICR#.%B#'. /nstea& of fillin' the $o tin' table of 21 !ith static $o tes.0 net!o$% in the $o tin' table on the 23 $o te$F GGGGGGGG All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . is it possible to pin' +#1F GGGGGGGG (his pin' sho l& be s ccessf l this time beca se the 21 $o te$ can $et $n the pac%et sin' the &efa lt $o te.0 : : B* R1# 1=2.0.2 Note that the 21 $o te$ no! has a &efa lt $o te.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. !e m st e1plicitly confi' $e 21 !ith a &efa lt $o te befo$e it !ill sen& pac%ets !ith n%no!n &estinations to 22.IB-IB le>el-1.DC# $ .%$R Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( 1=2. I .8. se the follo!in' synta1" Router(config)#ip route 0.0. N2 .0. mo$e specific $o te to a &estination.e$ial 0/0/0. 4 t co l& yo &o this fo$ e0e$y $o te on the /nte$netF No.2.0.(tatic.e 1.er-u(er (tatic route. yo confi' $e& the $o te$ fo$ specific &estination $o tes.

00000001.11111111. A'ain.168.222. !e al$ea&y ha0e t!o static $o tes to 172.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .%B#'.16.%B#' eFternal t4.0 2 .168.2 .)C# i .IB-IB le>el-1. (hey both se *24 mas%.0+16 i( >aria5l4 (u5nette-.0/2E an& 172.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.168.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-.1. (o $e& ce the si<e of the $o tin' table. ! (u5net(. . !e can s mma$i<e them into one $o te..2 1=2.2 2.e 2.e 1.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2.IB-IB inter area * . /nc. &oin' this helps $e& ce the si<e of $o tin' tables. N2 .%B#' inter area N1 .(tatic.1.0 10101100.16.(tatic route Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et B B B : : 1=2. D . M . R!#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : . Berial0+0+1 1/2.00000000 10101100.00000010.IB-IB le>el-2.1. ia .16'.16. L2 .16.DC# $ .2 1=2.0/22. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation.)ICR#.2 .2.00000000 (he p$efi1 po$tion !ill incl &e 172. IG . R!(config)#no ip route 172.2.0 net!o$%. )2 .16.168.16. 1=2. 2emo0e the t!o static $o tes that a$e c $$ently confi' $e& on 23 by sin' the no fo$m of the comman&. o . 3oo%in' at the th$ee net!o$%s at the bina$y le0el.16. Berial0+0+1 1/2.16'.2 .. in &otte&9&ecimal fo$mat.16.0 1=2. R!(config)#ip route 172.2. L1 .0.1.00000000 (his mas%.00000011.0.0..0+22 71+08 >ia 1/2.3.1.1" 4asic .er-u(er (tatic route.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-. 2 6a(P( 1=2. R .%B#' NBBG eFternal t4. (he net!o$% to be se& in the s mma$y $o te is 172.%B#' eFternal t4.00000000 10101100.11111100.IB-IB.16.0/2E.0 2 .2 .2 . !hich ma%es the $o te loo% p p$ocess mo$e efficient.2.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Tas% 11: Configure a Summary Static Route.16. !e can no! $emo0e the mo$e specific *24 $o tes.ICR#.0 1&2. beca se this !o l& be the p$efi1 if !e t $ne& off all the bits to the $i'ht of the 22n& bit. !he$eas the ne! s mma$y !ill be sin' a *22 mas%. % .00010000. ) . is.0 1&2. =o!e0e$.0 1=2.16. 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 #onfi' $in' a s mma$y $o te on 23 &i& not $emo0e the static $o tes confi' $e& ea$lie$ beca se these $o tes a$e mo$e specific $o tes.0 Step 1: Configure t1e summary static route on t1e R+ router.00010000.16.2 .0 (o mas% the fi$st 22 left9most bits.0.1.ystems.8.2.1.2 Step 2: <erify t1at t1e summary route is installe in t1e routing table. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. B . " .RI#. Ma(P 222.0 2 R!(config)#no ip route 172.16.1. !e can a common bo n&a$y at the 22 n& bit f$om the left. !e se a mas% !ith 22 bits t $ne& on f$om left to $i'ht" Dit Ma(P 11111111.222.connecte-.16.e 2 )1 .0. 1992-2007 #isco . Step +: Remo!e static routes on R+.1.0.16.6o5ile. )E . #refiF 1=2.00010000. I .0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-..0 $erial0/0/1 +a'e 17 of 20 All contents a$e #opy$i'ht .can-i-ate -efault.!.0.16.)ICR# eFternal. De co l& confi' $e anothe$ static $o te on 23 fo$ the 172.%$R # .e 1.erio-ic -o9nloa-e.0+20 71+08 >ia 1/2. 4eca se these net!o$%s a$e so close to'ethe$.

yo ha0e" • • • • • #onfi' $e& yo $ fi$st net!o$% !ith a combination of static an& &efa lt $o tin' to p$o0i&e f ll connecti0ity to all net!o$%s . an& 172. IG .e 1.can-i-ate -efault.1. o . GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . M .2.ICR#.0/2E.0 net!o$% on the 23 $o te$. yo ha0e also p$obably enco nte$e& some p$oblems eithe$ in yo $ physical lab set p o$ in yo $ confi' $ations.16. ) .1.IB-IB le>el-2.2. ia . ($affic &estine& fo$ these net!o$%s !ill be sent to 22 at 192. I .IB-IB le>el-1.0.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.)C# i . Step 2: 3se ping to c1ec% connecti!ity bet'een t1e 1ost #C+ an #C1. )E . L1 . L2 .e 2.0 71+08 >ia 1/2. R!#<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< :o-e(: : . 1 (u5net( 1=2.e 1. % .%B#'.1. " ..)ICR#. is it possible to pin' the host +#1F GGGGGGGG (his pin' sho l& be s ccessf l this time beca se the$e is a $o te to the 172.6o5ile.DC# $ .0/2E.168. 172.0. +a'e 18 of 20 .erio-ic -o9nloa-e..0/2E. At this point.bse$0e& ho! a $o te is installe& in the $o tin' table !hen yo co$$ectly confi' $e an& acti0ate the inte$face 3ea$ne& ho! to statically confi' $e $o tes to &estinations that a$e not &i$ectly connecte& 3ea$ne& ho! to confi' $e a &efa lt $o te that is se& to fo$!a$& pac%ets to n%no!n &estinations 3ea$ne& ho! to s mma$i<e a '$o p of net!o$%s into one static $o te to $e& ce the si<e of a $o tin' table Alon' the !ay.168.RI#.168. $eco$& any comments o$ notes that may help yo in f t $e labs.%$R # . Berial0+0+1 1/2.0. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. 8$om the host +#3.16. B .(tatic route Cate9a4 of la(t re(ort i( not (et B : : 1=2.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. yo ha0e lea$ne& to systematically t$o bleshoot s ch p$oblems.e 2 )1 . =opef lly.(tatic.%B#' inter area N1 . Tas% 12: Summary/ Reflection/ an Documentation Dith the completion of this lab.8.IB-IB inter area * . R .16.2. /nc.1" 4asic .IB-IB.2 1/2. All $i'hts $ese$0e&.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" .0+22 i( (u5nette-. an& the 21 $o te$ can $et $n the pac%et sin' the &efa lt $o te.16.er-u(er (tatic route. 172. )2 .1.0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-.%B#' eFternal t4.168. N2 .)ICR# eFternal.ystems. 1992-2007 #isco .0+20 i( -irectl4 connecte-.%B#' eFternal t4.3.3.connecte-.16. 'a(t)t*ernet0+0 23 no! only has one $o te to any host belon'in' to net!o$%s 172.0/2E.%B#' NBBG eFternal t4.16. D .tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation Step 4: <erify t1at t1e routes are no longer in t1e routing table.16.

7. +#2 st$ips off the *the$net hea&e$.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation 8inally. 1E. )isconnect an& sto$e the cablin'. 22 st$ips off the hea&e$ an& loo%s p the net!o$% a&&$ess GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG in its $o tin' table. All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . /nc.ection 1. (his &estination has a ne1t9hop /+ a&&$ess of GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG. the a&&$ess fiel& in the =)3# pac%et contains the 0al e 0188. 12. +#3 sen&s the f$ame o t on the me&ia as an enco&e& bit st$eam. • • • show running-config show ip route show ip interface brief /f yo nee& to $e0ie! the p$oce& $es fo$ capt $in' comman& o tp t. 9.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. Tas% 1+: Clean 3p *$ase the confi' $ations an& $eloa& the $o te$s. =o!e0e$. +#2 $ecei0es the bit st$eam on its GGGGGGGGGGG inte$face. capt $e the follo!in' comman& o tp t to a te1t >. (he /#I+ p$ocess on +#2 fo$m lates a pin' $eply to +#3 an& sen&s the $eply to the /+ p$ocess. yo sho l& &oc ment yo $ net!o$% implementation. (he ne1t9hop /+ a&&$ess is $eachable o t inte$face GGGGGGGGGGGGG. 22 then sen&s the f$ame o t on the me&ia as an enco&e& bit st$eam.1" 4asic . (he /#I+ p$ocess on +#3 fo$m lates a pin' $e7 est to +#2 an& sen&s the $e7 est to the /+ p$ocess.E.n each $o te$. (he /+ p$ocess on +#2 encaps lates the pin' pac%et !ith a so $ce /+ a&&$ess of GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG an& &estination /+ a&&$ess of GGGGGGGGGGGGGGG.8. E. (he /+ p$ocess on +#3 encaps lates the pin' pac%et !ith a so $ce /+ a&&$ess of GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG an& &estination /+ a&&$ess of GGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG.t1t? file an& sa0e fo$ f t $e $efe$ence. 3.ystems. fill in the blan%s to &oc ment the p$ocess as the pin' t$a0els f$om so $ce to &estination.1. 23 st$ips off the *the$net hea&e$. /f yo nee& help !ith this e1e$cise see . 23 loo%s p the &estination net!o$% a&&$ess GGGGGGGGGGGGGGG in its $o tin' table. 2. 22 encaps lates the pin' $e7 est in a f$ame !ith the so $ce IA# a&&$ess of >in&icate& &e0ice name? GGGG GGGGG an& the &estination IA# a&&$ess of >in&icate &e0ice name? GGGGGGGG. 6. (hen +#2 passes the &ata to the /#I+ p$ocess. (he /+ p$ocess on +#2 e1amines the GGGGGGGGGGG /+ a&&$ess to ma%e s $e that it matches its o!n /+ a&&$ess. see 3ab 1.!itchin' 8 nction. 4eca se the &estination IA# a&&$ess matches the IA# a&&$ess of +#2.? 8. 10.5. 13. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. 4eca se the f$ame is =)3#. no a&&$ess is nee&e&. 23 encaps lates the pac%et in an =)3# f$ame an& fo$!a$&s the f$ame o t the co$$ect inte$face. B+ath )ete$mination an& . (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. Tas% 14: C1allenge /n the follo!in' e1e$cise. 4eca se the &estination IA# a&&$ess matches the $ecei0in' inte$faceHs IA# a&&$ess.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" . . $econnect the app$op$iate cablin' an& $esto$e the (#+//+ settin's. 8o$ +# hosts that a$e no$mally connecte& to othe$ net!o$%s >s ch as the school 3AN o$ to the /nte$net?. 5. +a'e 19 of 20 . 11. 22 $ecei0es the f$ame on the GGGGGGGGGGGG inte$face. >4eca se this is a point9to9point lin%. 23 $ecei0es the bit st$eam on its GGGGGGGGGGGGG inte$face. 1992-2007 #isco . +#3 then f$ames the pac%et !ith the so $ce IA# a&&$ess of >in&icate &e0ice name? GGG GGGGG an& the &estination IA# a&&$ess of >in&icate &e0ice name? GGGGGG GGGGGGGG. (his &estination a&&$ess is &i$ectly connecte& to the GGGGGGGGGGG inte$face. Ne1t.C 1.

16. +a'e 20 of 20 . (his &estination has a ne1t9hop /+ a&&$ess of GGGGGGGGGGGGG. 17.ystems. 1992-2007 #isco . /nc. /#I+ sen&s a Bs ccessC messa'e to the $e7 estin' application.8. >4eca se this is a point9to9point lin%. 23 $ecei0es the f$ame on the GGGGGGGGGGG inte$face. 18. 23 encaps lates the pin' $e7 est in a f$ame !ith the so $ce IA# a&&$ess of >in&icate& &e0ice name? GGGGGGGG an& the &estination IA# a&&$ess of >in&icate &e0ice name? GGGGGGGG. (hen +#3 passes the &ata to the /#I+ p$ocess. 22 st$ips off the *the$net hea&e$. +#3 $ecei0es the bit st$eam on its GGGGGGGGGGGGGG inte$face. 23 then sen&s the f$ame o t on the me&ia as an enco&e& bit st$eam. +#2 then f$ames the pac%et !ith the so $ce IA# a&&$ess of >in&icate &e0ice name? GGGGGGGG an& the &estination IA# a&&$ess of >in&icate &e0ice name? GGGGGGGGG. (he /+ p$ocess on +#3 e1amines the GGGGGGG /+ a&&$ess to ma%e s $e that it matches its o!n /+ a&&$ess.tatic 2o tin' 3ab 2. All $i'hts $ese$0e&. +#3 st$ips off the *the$net hea&e$. +#2 then sen&s the f$ame o t on the me&ia as an enco&e& bit st$eam. 25. 23. (his &estination a&&$ess is &i$ectly connecte& to the GGGGGGGGGGGGGG inte$face.tatic 2o te #onfi' $ation 15. the a&&$ess fiel& in the =)3# pac%et contains the 0al e 0188. (his &oc ment is #isco + blic /nfo$mation. 22 $ecei0es the bit st$eam on its GGGGGGGGGGGGG inte$face. 22 encaps lates the pac%et in an =)3# f$ame an& fo$!a$&s the f$ame o t the co$$ect inte$face. 22 loo%s p the &estination net!o$% a&&$ess GGGGGGGGGGGGGGG in its $o tin' table. =o!e0e$. 21. no a&&$ess is nee&e&. 4eca se the f$ame is =)3#. 4eca se the &estination IA# a&&$ess matches the $ecei0in' inte$faceHs IA# a&&$ess. All contents a$e #opy$i'ht . 22. 2E.##NA *1plo$ation 2o tin' +$otocols an& #oncepts" . (he ne1t9hop /+ a&&$ess is $eachable o t inte$face GGGGGGGGGGGG. 4eca se the &estination IA# a&&$ess matches the IA# a&&$ess of +#3. 19. 23 st$ips off the hea&e$ an& loo%s p the &estination net!o$% a&&$ess GGGGGGGGGGGG in its $o tin' table.1" 4asic .? 20.