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C rosscurrents

Vol. 28, No. 4 April 2005

for contract
Crosscurrents April 2005

Be aware of safety at to the cold and snow. Others will In this issue
be setting out on the roads to the
home, on the water cabin or that favorite fishing hole Civil Servants of the Year for
2004 ....................... Page 3
and on the road in pursuit of a relaxing time away
with their families. Barbecuing Corps’ crew drills 1,800 holes in
7 days on Devils Lake ice ..
and picnics in the park will once ................................. Page 4
By Col. Mike Pfenning again be a popular off duty Special Emphasis Program
St. Paul District Commander choice. As you pursue these members introduce girls to
activities, remember to act in a engineering ............. Page 5
With another Midwest winter safe manner. Engineers make eggs a
and tax preparation behind us, it is Always drive defensively. That science project ........ Page 6
time to start looking forward to the is driving to prevent accidents, in Fettucine and marshmallow
warmer days spite of the incorrect actions of bridges demonstrate
ahead. We others or adverse weather engineering ............. Page 7
have conditions. When you get behind Lt. Zebulon Pike’s Mississippi
River exploration reaches
transitioned into the wheel of any vehicle, bicentennial ............ Page 8
spring as the remember that defensive driving is
Life on the Mississippi River,
vegetation is a full-time job. The most Illinois Waterway shapes Corps’
starting to dangerous mile is the one directly program .................. Page 15
green up ahead of you. And please, don’t News and Notes ..... Page 21
outside, and we have set our drink and drive. Jan Pream honored as February
clocks ahead to daylight savings. When preparing to cut the grass Employee of the Month .........
For many of us that means or use other power tools, do not ................................. Page 22
working outside in the garden and forget about personal protective
yard or starting/resuming those equipment, such as safety glasses,
home projects that we put off due gloves and proper foot protection. Cover photo
Always heed the manufacturers
warnings and insure that you are
using tools for their intended
purpose. Choose the right tools for
Crosscurrents the intended job.
If you will be on or around
Crosscurrents is an unofficial publication,
authorized under the provisions of AR water, remember to respect the
360-1. It is published monthly for the dangers associated with it. Wear
St. Paul District, U.S. Army Corps of personal floatation devices and
Engineers. Photo by Francis Schanilec
operate all watercraft safely. Be
Editorial views and opinions are not Tom Stiel, construction
necessarily those of the Corps of
situational aware of other
Engineers, nor of the Department of watercraft, skiers or swimmers in representative on the
the Army. the area. If alcohol is your Heartsville Coulee
Diversion project, East
Address all inquiries to: beverage of choice, do not attempt
Grand Forks, Minn.,
Editor, Crosscurrents to mix it with operating any form conducts a labor standards
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers of watercraft.
190 Fifth Street East interview with ironworker
St. Paul, MN 55101-1638 Please be safe during your off Pamela Anderson from
duty time and remember that it is Swingen Construction, a
Phone: 651-290-5202 all about you. project subcontractor. The
District Engineer Col. Michael Pfenning photo was taken on top of
Public Affairs Chief Mark Davidson
Media Specialist Shannon Bauer the new Heartsville Coulee
Editor Peter Verstegen
bridge, currently under

April 2005 Crosscurrents
By Shannon Bauer
Civil Servants
of the Year Merrill Cotter
for 2004 Position Title: property book officer
Duties: Maintain accountability of district personal property
Years at St. Paul District/Corps of Engineers: 12.5
Years with federal government: 33
Previous Positions/Employment: chief storekeeper, U.S. Navy
Education: Associate’s of Applied Science in business administration
Hobbies: Gardening
Residence: Coon Rapids, Minn.
Family: Wife of 39 years, two sons, three grandsons and one
Comments: “I am honored to receive this award – but most of all, I
want to thank the logistics team for their teamwork and their support in
meeting the district’s mission.”
Merrill Cotter
Bonnie Greenleaf
Position Title: project manager
Duties: project manager for Grand Forks Flood Control and Devils Lake
Levees, as well as mission manager for the temporary housing project
delivery team
Years at St. Paul District/Corps of Engineers: 17
Years with federal government: 17
Previous Positions/Employment: Michigan Bureau of Aeronautics;
San Francisco Redevelopment Agency
Education: Bachelors in Engineering (Civil) from the University of
Hobbies: Gardening
Residence: White Bear Lake, Minn.
Bonnie Greenleaf
Family: Four nieces and nephews
Comments: “I am honored to be selected.”

Kevin Ressie
Position Title: small craft operator
Duties: Hydrographic surveys on the Upper and Lower Mississippi River
Years at St. Paul District/Corps of Engineers: 28.5
Years with federal government: 28.5
Education: High School Diploma; Coast Guard Licensed Boat Operator
Hobbies: Hunting, fishing and taxidermy
Residence: Fountain City, Wis.
Family: Son and daughter
Comments: “I have enjoyed my career with the Corps and working on
Kevin Ressie the river in hydro-surveying and dredging operations. My job provides me
the opportunity to experience nature and the river close-up on a daily
basis. It fits well with my hobbies and personal interests. I appreciate
St. Paul District photos being recognized by our district as a civil servant of the year.”

Crosscurrents April 2005

A survey crew from the St. Paul District drilled 1,800 holes through the
ice at Devils Lake, N.D., to obtain elevation data, the week of March 14.
The crew, among a team of five Corps’ personnel, worked in
Corps’ crew drills temperatures ranging from 5 below zero to 35 above, with winds up to 40
mph. They gathered data for the Roads Acting as Dams project, which is
1,800 holes in 7 days designed to protect the surrounding region from high lake levels.
on Devils Lake ice Miray Welle, engineering technician, and Paul Johnson, survey
technician, both from the district office (below), worked with Doug Kelly
By Peter Verstegen
and Jeff Huseby, maintenance workers from the Baldhill Dam project
office, Valley City, N.D., to gather data through the ice to determine lake
bed elevations from the shore to 500 feet out on the lake ice. Johnson and
Welle are holding a sounding pole used to measure elevation.
A wind break protects Kevin Nelson, geologist (left), who was at the
lake to take soil samples for lab classification. The bottom photo shows a
16,000 to 18,000-pound drill rig belonging to a Corps’ contractor,
Interstate Drilling, out on lake ice 22 inches to 37 inches thick.

Photos above and below courtesy of

Interstate Drilling

Photo by Kevin Nelson

April 2005 Crosscurrents

Special Emphasis Program members

introduce girls to engineering
By Shannon Bauer

In celebration of the nation’s fifth ever ‘Introduce a Girl to Engineering

Day,’ the district’s Special Emphasis Program gender subcommittee
arranged for participation in two schools located within the district
Female Corps’ engineers visited both the district’s adopt-a-school,
Washington Middle School, in St. Paul, Minn., and Southpoint Elementary
School in East Grand Forks, Minn. (For more information on these visits,
see adjoining stories.)
Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day is part of National Engineer’s
Week or NEW. NEW is a formal coalition of more than 70 engineering,
education and cultural organization and more than 50 corporations and
government agencies. The National Society of Professional Engineers
founded NEW in 1951 to raise public awareness of engineers’ positive
contributions to quality of life; to promote recognition among parents,
teachers and students of the importance of a technical education and a
high level of math, science, and technology literacy; and to motivate youth
to pursue engineering careers. Each year, Engineers Week reaches
thousands of schools, businesses and community groups across the United
NSPE created Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day in 2001 as a way to
increase interest in engineering among girls and young women. In the
United States, only 10 percent of all engineers are women. By planting
the seeds of interest early, NSPE hopes girls will be motivated to do well
in math and science and be well prepared to enter engineering programs
Photo by Tom Stiel in college.
Lisa Marynik (left), office Each year, the program directly reaches more than one million girls.
engineer at the district’s Thousands of women engineers, along with their male colleagues, take
Western Area Office, Grand
time to demonstrate that engineering is not only a viable career option but
Forks, N.D., participated in
also a desirable one
“Introduce a Girl to Engineering
Day” at Southpoint Elementary “The response from the girls is incredible,” said Victoria Rockwell, 2005
School, East Grand Forks, Engineers Week chair, American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Minn., on February 25, 2005. member and a mechanical engineer. She also serves as a senior manager
of investment development with Air Liquide America, LP, in Houston,
Texas. “And the continually increasing numbers of professionals,
organizations and members of industry who have joined us reflects the
sincere commitment that the engineering community has in this effort.”
Rockwell added, “We may only reach one girl at a time, but when you
multiply that by one million times around the world, it will make a

Crosscurrents April 2005

Engineers make
eggs a science

By Michelle Schneider

Kari Layman and Michelle

Schneider, both in hydraulics,
visited the district’s adopt-a-school,
Washington Technology Middle
School, in St. Paul, Minn., to
support the Special Emphasis
Program gender subcommittee’s
Introduce a Girl to Engineering
Day initiative, Feb. 24. Photo by Michelle Schneider
They talked to 16 students, an Kari Layman (center), engineering and construction division, talked
equal mix of boys and girls in to students at Washington Technology Middle School in February as
Sarah Weaver’s life science class, part of the Special Emphasis Program gender subcommittee’s
and led them in a hands-on Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day initiative.
engineering activity.
Layman and Schneider talked to
the class about engineering and the the class in an experiment on eggs changed in size and
Corps of Engineers and then led diffusion and osmosis that was part appearance as a result of the
of the unit Weaver’s class difference in concentration of
was starting. Diffusion is the water molecules inside of the egg
movement of molecules and outside of the egg in either the
from an area of high water or corn syrup.
concentration to an area of The eggs in corn syrup became
lower concentration. small, hard and wrinkly because
Osmosis is the diffusion of the water in the egg went into the
water through a membrane. syrup through osmosis. The eggs in
(Water purification is done water became large and rubbery
using reverse osmosis.) because the water in the beaker
Schneider stopped at went into the egg through osmosis.
school the day before to put “We lost one egg, out of eight,
raw eggs into white vinegar. when a couple of students decided
Vinegar is a weak acid that to squeeze their egg,” said
dissolved the eggshell Layman.
leaving just the membrane. Schneider stayed at school
Photo by Kari Layman
Students found the eggs longer and helped with doing this
gross and had fun making experiment with a basic science
Michelle Schneider (left), talked to a
observations of the eggs. class of nine students having
class at Washington Technology Middle
School in St. Paul, Minn., about
Each group weighed their difficulties learning in the regular
engineering and the Corps of Engineers eggs and put one-half of the science class due to varying
Her presentation was part of Introduce a eggs in water and the other cognitive and emotional disabilities.
Girl to Engineering Day initiated by the half into corn syrup until
Special Emphasis Program gender their next class period. The

April 2005 Crosscurrents

Fettuccine and
bridges demonstrate
By Tricia Liggett
East Grand Forks project engineer

Hands shot up when the girls

were asked, “When you think of
Egypt, what comes to mind?”
The first little girl yelled out,
“SAND!” A few seconds later,
some of the girls responded, “the Photo by Mark Krenelka
Pyramids.” Students in the fettuccine and marshmallow bridge building
“Introduce a Girl to Engineering exercise enjoy their new hard hats with Virginia Regorrah, resident
Day” was off to a great start at engineer, East Grand Forks, Minn. The exercise was part of
Southpoint Elementary School in Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day at Southpoint Elementary
East Grand Forks, Minn. Sixty- School in East Grand Forks, Minn., Feb. 25. Regorrah personally
eight girls from six fifth-grade purchased the hard hats.
classes participated in three In each of the three rooms, the fun building the bridge, a boat and
sections. girls broke out into three smaller a plane. It was fun learning about
Female engineers Virginia groups to conduct experiments. engineering. Thank you for the
Regorrah, Lisa Marynik and Tricia One group, the marine engineers, hard hat, it is awesome.” The 68
Liggett, from the Western Area built foil boats and loaded them girls also received certificates of
Office in Grand Forks, N.D., then with marbles to see which one participation.
began presentations with brief would hold the most. A second In planning for the Corps’ arrival
personal vignettes on what first group, civil engineers, built at Southpoint Elementary School
interested them in engineering and fettuccine and marshmallow one of the teachers asked her
what they do in their present jobs. bridges and loaded them with class, “Why do you think this
The three displayed poster pennies to see which would last presentation is only for the girls?”
boards that represented different the longest before failure. A third One of the boys answered,
kinds of engineering. group, the aeronautical engineers, “Because this is a job that not
The boards started out with a built paper airplanes to see which many girls choose.” According to
mountain range in the background, would fly the farthest. the National Engineers Week
a stream and primitive farm in the Engineers from the Corps each Foundation, fewer than 10 percent
foreground. supervised an experiment in their of American engineers are
After a brief description, the room, while their assistants, Mark women.
girls were asked to place a sticker Krenelka, Tom Stiel and Marvin Introduce a Girl to Engineering
depicting a type of engineering on Regorrah, all from the Western Day is designed to introduce girls to
the boards – roads and bridges Area Office, supervised another the engineering profession and
representing civil engineering, a experiment. The teachers encourage more women to pursue a
plane representing aeronautical supervised a third experiment. career in science and engineering.
engineering, etc. The girls placed The winners of each Beth Vetter, a teacher at
stickers until the board was full – a experiments received a hard hat. Southpoint, said, “All the girls
depiction of the contributions of Bailey Garnett, who signed her seemed to be involved and enjoying
engineers to this nation’s quality of thank you note to the WAO as themselves. You are most certainly
life. “An Engineer Girl,” said, “I had welcomed back!”

Crosscurrents April 2005

Lt. Zebulon Pike’s

Mississippi River
By Ray Nelson

America honors and commemorates the major events and

the significant people in our nation’s history. Our democratic
Portrait of Zebulon Montgomery Pike ideals typically classify these major events and people with
by Charles Willson Peale, ca. 1807, oil degrees of major importance as they describe this country’s
on canvas. From the Independence storied successes. In 1805-06, an Army exploration in quest of
National Historical Park Collection, national knowledge occurred in the northwest wilds of
U.S. National Archives & Records Minnesota that, so far, has not reaped a great amount of
Administration, “Annotation: The national acclaim.
Newsletter of the National Historical This year, 2005-06 is the 200-year bicentennial of Zebulon M.
Publications and Records Commission,” Pike’s Mississippi River expedition. During these past 200
Vol. 26:4, Dec. 1998. years, Pike has been referred to casually as a “poor man’s
Lewis and Clark.” Most historians recall Pike with “ho hums,”
when describing the results of his short career as an explorer.
Much minimized have been his effort by comparison to Lewis
and Clark’s grand expedition and its national tracking of
interest. However, in respectful study of Pike, perhaps it is now
timely to look closer at his accomplishments and retrace what
is truly a very devoted military persistence.

Zebulon Pike’s journey to the Headwaters of the Mississippi

River is a story that finds Pike in the midst of an ordinary military
career but unveils a man armed with the inner fortitude to accept
an abrupt new challenge. His challenge, become an explorer with
very little pre-planning, training or having the political contributions
provided to Meriwether Lewis. Pike’s exploration may justly be
described as “Explorer Duty 101” and daily “trials-by-fire.” His
inexperience and situational judgment provoke Pike’s developing
leadership style and point out his exploring struggles to succeed.
His journey provides true examples of what one does to do the
ultimate best with what you are handed.
In July 1805, a United States military unit was quickly formed
under the guidance of the young 26-year-old Lt. Zebulon Pike. He
Pike, continued Page 9

April 2005 Crosscurrents

Pike, continued from Page 8 performed the duties (as far as my limited
was outfitted with orders to locate the abilities permitted) of astronomer,
source of the Mississippi River and explore surveyor, commanding officer, clerk, spy,
the surrounding Headwaters region of this guide, and hunter; frequently preceding
country and report these factual findings. the party for miles in order to reconnoiter,
This historical nine-month expedition is a and returning in the evening, hungry and
minor ripple in length in comparison to fatigued, to sit down in the open air, by
Lewis and Clark’s three-year expedition to firelight, to copy the notes and plot the
the west coast. However, historians do courses of the day.”
agree these early explorations were related “As a military man – as a soldier from
and are connected to the larger dramas the time I was able to bear arms – it
with the entangling myriad of acquiring cannot be expected that a production of
truth, resource speculation, economic my pen can stand the test of criticism; and
conditions and real life tales. I hope, by this candid appeal to the justice
Pike’s published written adventures and indulgence of the learned, to induce
along the Mississippi regions provided them to spare their censure if they cannot
revealing firsthand environmental and award their praise.”
geographic information about the native
To the public, Pike wrote:
upper country resources. His written
words supported prosperous images of a “Soon after the purchase of Louisiana
frontier land available for hard working by an enlightened administration,
folks that sought new opportunities for measures were taken to explore the then
better lives. Today, as the 200-year living unknown wilds of our western country –
descendants, we can leisurely read his measures founded on principles of
written accounts, take time to reflect with scientific pursuits, combined with a view
new perspective and imagine in our minds of entering into a chain of philanthropic
Pike’s descriptive travelogue thorough the arrangements for ameliorating the
virgin Upper Mississippi River country. condition of the Indians who inhabit those
In Pike’s own words are written: vast plains and deserts. His Excellency,
“In the execution of this voyage I had no Meriwether Lewis, a Captain of the first
gentleman to aid me, and I literally regiment of infantry, was selected by
Pike, continued Page 10

From the Library of Congress description: “Map of the Mississippi River from its source to the mouth of
the Missouri. Laid down from the notes of Lieutt. Z. M. Pike by Anthony Nau. Reduced and corrected by
the astronomical observations of Mr. Thompson at its source; and of Captn. M. Lewis, where it receives
the waters of the Missouri. By Nichs. King. Engraved by Francis Shallus, Philadelphia.” The library
estimated the date of 1811.

Crosscurrents April 2005

Pike, continued from Page 9 doubts without conclusions, which, if

Thomas Jefferson, President of the United deemed worthy, may hereafter be
States, in conjunction with Captain William analyzed by men of genius and science.”
C. Clark, to explore the then unknown In July 1805, Pike was given his specific
sources of the Missouri, and I was chosen orders by Gen. James Wilkinson, the then
to trace the Mississippi to its source, with U.S. Military Governor of the new
the objects in view contemplated by my Louisiana Territory, to ascend the
instructions; to which I conceived my duty Mississippi River to its source. On the
as a soldier should induce me to add an way, he was to proceed with maximum
investigation into the views of the British diligence, map the course of the river,
traders in that quarter as to trade, and an calculate his daily mileages by time and
inquiry into the limits of the territories of note “rivers, creeks, highlands, prairies,
the United States and Great Britain. islands, rapids, shoals, mines, quarries,
“This being a written work which has timber, soil, Indian villages and settlements
arisen from the events of youthful military in a diary to comprehend reflections of the
exertions, is merely a volume of details, winds and weathers.”
and if it should be found that in the relation He was asked to “procure specimens of
I have delivered myself with perspicuity whatever you may find curious in the
and exactitude, it is the highest need of mineral, vegetables or animal kingdoms,”
praise that I claim. When I touched on and gather data on the “population of the
abstract subjects, or presumed to several Indian nations, of the quantity and
hypothesize, I have merely suggested species of skins and furs they barter per
annum and their relative price of goods, of
the tracts of country on which they
generally make their haunts and the people
with whom they trade.
Additionally, he was asked to select sites
for future military posts, meet with the
Indians to purchase these strategic
locations, make peace if possible between
the Sioux and Ojibwas and find out
information about the British fur trade in
the area. On the whole, Pike was to have
a relatively free hand in directing the
enterprise for “your own good sense will
regulate the consumption of your
provisions, and direct the distribution of the
trifling presents which you may carry with
you, particularly your flags.”
Fitting out this river highway expedition
to the Mississippi’s source had to be
Pike, continued Page 11

Archive copy of a letter from Thomas

Jefferson to Zebulon Montgomery Pike,
Nov. 6, 1807, from the Library of
Congress, “The Thomas Jefferson
Papers Series 1. General
Correspondence. 1651-1827.”

April 2005 Crosscurrents

Pike, continued from Page 10 blankets, lead shot, carpenter’s tools, extra
completed quickly and as straightforward weapons and necessaries to make his unit
as possible. Pike planned to leave St. Louis as self-sustaining as possible.
in time to reach the Mississippi’s source For his private use, Pike took along a
before the winter weather cut off his return rifle and pistols, some special double-battle
home. Consequently, his preparations were Sussex powder and a supply of ink, pens
rushed. Lewis and Clark took nearly a year and paper. His scientific equipment was
preparing for their journey, Pike had limited to his watch, thermometer and the
approximately one month! crude theodolite instrument for determining
In this short time, he put together a latitude. By the second week in August
military exploring unit consisting of 12 men and after this hurried preparation, Pike
from Fort Kaskaskia, Ill., and eight soldiers determined his patrol ready to go.
from Fort Bellefontaine, Mo., bringing the
Aug. 9, 1805
strength of his command to 20 regulars –
17 privates, two corporals and a sergeant. “Sailed from my encampment [Fort
There was no interpreter of Indian Bellefontaine], near St. Louis, at 4 p.m., on
languages along, no physician or anyone Friday, the 9th of August 1805, with one
with medical training. sergeant, two corporals, and 17 privates, in
For his supplies, Pike drew on the a keelboat 70-feet long, provisioned for
assistant military agent at St. Louis, who four months. Water very rapid. Encamped
furnished him with standard equipment on the east side of the river, at the head of
from the quartermaster’s stores. The most an island [Chouteau’s Island].”
important item, which was specifically Pike, continued on Page 12
prepared, was his 70-foot keelboat. Long
and slim, keelboats were considered to be
the best mode of travel on the rivers. The
graceful keelboat was designed to make
round trips. The “keels” were carefully
designed for they needed to be stout
enough to withstand frequent grounding on
shoals and beaches, as well as battering
from floating logs and snags that were
strewn in the river.
Equipment and food for the projected
four-month journey presented little
difficulty. The keelboat could carry several
tons of cargo, and Pike needed to be
cautious not to laden the boat to the degree
that it could not be worked over the river
shallows. Most of the supplies — flour,
pork, gunpowder, corn meal, salt and
tobacco, were packed in barrels. The
barrels were cumbersome but kept the
stores dry. Pike also added several kegs of
Online facsimile edition of Page 1 of a
rum for his troops, as well as the Indians, letter from Zebulon Montgomery Pike to
and a quantity of calico, knives, powdered Thomas Jefferson, Oct. 29, 1807, from
paint, American flags and colored bunting the Library of Congress, “The Thomas
to be distributed as presents. He also Jefferson Papers Series 1. General
brought along tents, spare clothing, Correspondence. 1651-1827.”

Crosscurrents April 2005

blood vessel and vomited nearly two quarts

of blood.” Four other members of his party
were also severely disabled, and Pike
became convinced that he should do
something for these poor fellows who
were killing themselves to obey his orders.
Pike decided to split the party, leaving
some of the men in a rough stockade that
they would build near present day Little
Falls, Minn. On Oct. 18, 1805, Pike
wrote, “Stopped hunting and put every
hand to work. Cut 60 logs for huts and
worked at the canoes. This, considering
we had only two felling axes and three
hatchets, was pretty good work.”
Dec. 10, 1805
Online facsimile edition of Page 2 of a
letter from Zebulon Montgomery Pike to Pike continued on along the river with
Thomas Jefferson, Oct. 29, 1807, from the other half of his men, carrying supplies
the Library of Congress, “The Thomas on homemade sleds. “My sleds were such
Jefferson Papers Series 1. General as are frequently seen about farmers’
Correspondence. 1651-1827.” yards, calculated to hold two barrels or 400
weight, in which two men were geared
Pike, continued from Page 11 abreast,” he wrote.
Pike and his men explored the river as Moving further along, they enjoyed
they ascended, met with various Indians Christmas Day about 3 miles south of
and switched from the keelboat to two present day Brainerd, Minn., and
barges at Prairie du Chien, Wis. On Sept. celebrated with two pounds of extra meat,
23, 1805, they met with the Dakota Indians two pounds of extra flour, one gill of
at the junction of the Mississippi and whiskey and some tobacco per man in
Minnesota rivers. Pike purchased more order to distinguish this important day.
than 155,000 acres from the Indians for a
Dec. 31, 1805
military reservation – on credit. Later,
army engineers thought this site the finest They passed the mouth of the Pine
on the Mississippi for a fort, which later River, where he observed an unoccupied
became Fort Snelling when constructed in Indian encampment of 15 lodges. This is
1819. 18 miles downstream of where the Corps’
Pike had traveled some distance beyond present day dam and campsite is located at
the Falls of St. Anthony, when the party Crosslake, Minn.
ran into the full force of a northern winter. Jan. 2, 1806
Pushing and pulling boats in the freezing The party encountered the British
month of October taxed him and his men influence and Native Americans living in
greatly. Much time was needed to be spent the area for the first time. Cuthbert Grant,
hunting elk, deer and southerly flying an English fur trader, and a group of
waterfowl to feed his men who consumed Chippewa’s had an establishment on
7 to 8 pounds of meat daily. Cedar Lake near the present town of
Oct. 16, 1805 Aitkin, Minn. Grant’s hospitality proved to
Sgt. Kennerman, called by Pike “one of be a most beneficial contact in support of
the stoutest men I ever knew, broke a Pike, continued Page 13

April 2005 Crosscurrents

Pike, continued from Page 12 Feb. 22, 1806

Pike achieving his mission. His presence “Our course a little to the S. of E.,
offered valuable knowledge, assistance through woods not very thick. Arrived at
and an able guide service to trekking the White Fish Lake at eleven o’clock, and
remainder of this northerly winter took an observation [46 –32’ 32"]. My
expedition. party crossed this lake and encamped
Jan. 4, 1806 between two lakes. This may be called the
source of Pine River. At this place has
“In the night I was awakened by the cry
been one of the N.W. Company’s
of the sentinel, calling repeatedly to the
establishments at the N. E. and S. side. It
men; at length he vociferated, “G—dd d—
was a square stockade of about 50 feet,
n your souls, will you let the lieutenant be
but at this time nearly all consumed by
burned to death?” Pike’s tent was in
fire. Also one standing over the point on
flames and resting beside him were three
the E. side.”
small casks of gunpowder!”
Grant and the Native Americans Feb. 23, 1806
generously provided Pike and his men with “My two Indians, Boley, and myself,
shelter from severe frostbite not only at with sleigh and dogs, left the party under
the Cedar Lake Post after this incident but an idea that we should make [Lower] Red
also at the Sandy Lake Post, lodges at Cedar Lake. We marched hard all day,
Pokegema Falls and the Leech Lake without arriving at the Mississippi. Our
branch of the NW Company as they course was nearly due east until night,
continued to travel when we changed more south. Took no
Despite all this hospitable wilderness aid, provision or bedding. My Indians killed 15
it was Pike’s official duty to inform the partridges, some nearly black, with a red
British that the U.S. government was no mark over their eyes, called the savannah
longer going to allow the British to reside partridge. Overtaken about noon by two of
and do their fur trade business in the Mr. Anderson’s men, named Brurie and
Mississippi region. This land is on U.S. soil [Blank], Mr. Anderson himself not being
and the resource profits are to remain in able to come. Distance 30 miles.”
U.S. accounts. The march was hard on Pike. He
One forceful incident at the Leech Lake described, “The pressure of my racquet
post occurred when Pike asked the British strings brought the blood through my socks
trader Hugh Mc Gillis to lower the British and mockinsons, from which the pain I
flag. Mc Gillis refused and Pike marched in may be imagined.”
subsequently ordered one of his soldiers to Nevertheless, Pike reached the Cedar
shoot the pin out that fastened the flag to Lake Post one last time before proceeding
the pole and replace it with a U.S. flag. back down from whence he came.
With this task done, Pike proceeded on to
Cass Lake, where Pike then incorrectly Feb. 28, 1806
proclaimed Cass Lake as the source of Pike departed the company of Grant.
the Mississippi River. About Grant, he wrote, “For I conceive
With his mission accomplished, he him to be a gentleman of as much candor
developed a plan to return to his stockade as any with whom I made acquaintance in
near Little Falls. Pike decided on taking a this quarter.”
shorter overland route from Leech Lake April 30, 1806
to the Mississippi River. This overland
Pike’s expedition returned to St. Louis,
course brought him directly to and across
after having traveled nearly 5,000 miles.
the Whitefish Chain of Lakes.
Pike, continued Page 14

Crosscurrents April 2005

Pike, continued from Page 13 surveyed, which was covered with snow
The results of the expedition has not six months out of the nine I was absent.
tremendously impressed most historians; And indeed, my thoughts were too much
but in his frontier classroom, it gives us engrossed in making provision for the
glimpses of military values, sense of duty exigencies of the morrow to attempt a
and the fulfillment of ones higher orders. science, which requires time and a
Pike saw and verified knowledge placidity of mind, which seldom fell to my
previously rumored, his written travel lot.
accounts surely assisted the future The journal in itself will have little to
immigration movements and helped direct strike the imagination, being a dull detail of
growth patterns in this country. our daily march. The daily occurrences
Again, in Pike’s own words, from a written at night, frequently by firelight,
letter to Wilkinson: when extremely fatigued, and the cold so
“I have at length finished my reports, severe as to freeze the ink in my pen, of
observations and journals which arose course have little claim to elegance of
from my late voyage to the source of the expression or style; but they have truth to
Mississippi, and hope they may prove recommend them, which, if always
interesting from the information on attended to, would strip the pages of many
different subjects which they contain. journalists of their most interesting
I do not possess the qualifications of the occurrences.”
naturalist and even had they been mine, it With great respect,
would have been impossible to gratify Your obedient servant,
them to any great extent, as we passed Z.M. Pike,
with rapidity over the country we Lt. 1st Regt. Infty.

Online facsimile edition at <>. Accessed April 2005,

Wisconsin Historical Society, digital image AJ-143-0121*
The table above presents “Meteorological Observations, Made by Lietenant Pike in
His Voyage up the Mississippi River, in the Years 1805 and 1806,” in February. Note
“Leech Lake” and “White Fish Lake,” right column.
*Citation: “Pike, Zebulon Montgomery. An Account of Expeditions to the Sources of the Mississippi, and
through the Western Parts of Louisiana, to the Sources of the Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte, and Pierre Jaun,
Rivers; Performed by Order of the Government of the United States during the Years 1805, 1806, and 1807,
and a Tour through the Interior Parts of New Spain, when Conducted through These Provinces, by Order of
the Captain-General, in the Year 1807. By Major Z.M. Pike. Illustrated by Maps and Charts. (Philadelphia:
Published by C. & A. Conrad, & Co.; Somervell & Conrad; Bonsal, Conrad, & Co.; and Fielding Lucas, Jr.,
1810).” © Copyright 2003, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wis.

April 2005 Crosscurrents

Life on the Mississippi River, Illinois

Waterway shapes Corps’ program
Managing regionally weighs economic uses and ecological integrity
By Peter Verstegen

Editor’s note: This is the

second of three articles
illustrating regional
management of projects,
programs and communities of
practice. The Corps’
Navigation and Environmental
Sustainability Program offers
lessons in how regional
management works across
commercial, agency,
geographic and political
boundaries to achieve
economic and environmental
sustainability of the Upper
Mississippi River system.

“The most exciting thing about

working on NESP is that the
people involved in it are excited
about doing a great job on the
river,” said Rebecca Soileau.
Soileau, a geologist by profession,
made this observation as a team
leader for institutional
arrangements. She works out of
the St. Paul District.
NESP is the Corps’ Navigation U.S. Army Corps of Engineers graphic

and Environmental Sustainability The Navigation and Environmental Sustainability Program study
Program, which encompasses the region encompasses five states, 37 lock sites, 1,200 miles of river
recommendations contained in the with locks and dams constructed 1930-45.
Corps’ navigation feasibility report five states and hundreds of of the Ohio River. The Illinois
on navigation and ecosystem stakeholders on the upper river Waterway stretches from Grafton,
improvements for the Upper basin. Ill., on the Mississippi River, to the
Mississippi River- Illinois The navigable waterway flows Thomas J. O’Brien Lock in
Waterway system. While not yet through Minnesota, Wisconsin, Chicago.
authorized for construction, pre- Iowa, Missouri and Illinois. The The upper river navigation
construction engineering and nine-foot navigation channel ends system was largely constructed in
design on NESP is proceeding at mile 857.6 in Minneapolis. The the 1930s. The system was aging
under the study authority. channel begins at river mile zero when the Corps initiated a
The program’s scope includes near Cairo, Ill., at the confluence Regional, continued Page 16

Crosscurrents April 2005

Regional, continued from Page 15

navigation feasibility study to
examine ways to improve it. The
chief of engineers signed his report
endorsing recommendations in the
feasibility report on Dec. 15, 2004.
Congress, acting on
recommendations in the feasibility
report, appropriated funds for
fiscal year 2005 to start pre-
construction engineering and
design for NESP.
Dual-purpose program
NESP is an integrated dual-
purpose program with a 50-year
framework. It’s designed to ensure
economic and environmental
sustainability of the Upper
Mississippi River system through
implementation of navigation Photo by Claudia Emken, The Nature Conservancy
efficiency improvements and
The man pointing is Doug Blodgett, floodplain director for the Upper
environmental sustainability. In Mississippi River Program of The Nature Conservancy. At the time of
addition, it adds ecosystem the photo, Blodgett was TNC’s Illinois River projects director. TNC
restoration as an authorized hosted U.S. Senate staff, Corps of Engineers, Fish and Wildlife and
purpose of the 9-Foot Channel Illinois Department of Natural Resources at Spunky Bottoms
Project. Ecosystem restoration Preserve, near Meredosia, Ill., April 2004. Spunky is a floodplain
under NESP will build from the restoration site. The trip gave committee staff a first-hand view of
successes of the Environmental wetland restoration, the need for floodplain and backwater
Management Program. Congress reconnection to the river and how they fit into the bigger efforts on
passed legislation authorizing the the Illinois River and the Upper Mississippi River. “It definitely was
tied to the navigation study/NESP,” said Claudia Emken,
EMP in 1986. The EMP initiated
director of government relations for The Nature Conservancy, Illinois
system-wide regional management Chapter. “After the Spunky tour, they all went down to the Alton,
program for the river, managed out Ill., area and did a barge trip the next day with MARC 2000, so they
of the Corps’ Rock Island District. got both sides of the issue – ecosystem and navigation.” MARC 2000
(See “EMP partnership works is Midwest Area River Coalition, based in St. Louis, Mo.
regionally to achieve program and
project goals,” Crosscurrents, Second is the scale and level of Lessons learned
February 2005.) vertical and horizontal integration. The vast area includes floodplain
The program’s dual purpose and It’s a true collaborative effort habitats critically important to
magnitude are the challenge. involving a river management large river floodplain ecosystems.
“NESP differs in scope and council, a federal principals group, The total acreage of the river-
effort from the usual Corps’ river management teams, non- floodplain system exceeds 2.5
program,” said Richard governmental organizations, the million acres of aquatic wetland,
Worthington, senior policy advisor Upper Mississippi River Basin forest, grassland and agricultural
at Corps’ Headquarters. “For one, Association, representatives from a habitats. The Mississippi flyway is
it’s a huge study area with some variety of federal agencies and five used by more than 40 percent of
1,200 miles of river and 37 locks, states.” the migratory waterfowl traversing
29 on the Upper Mississippi alone.
Regional, continued Page 17

April 2005 Crosscurrents

Regional, continued from Page 16 Regional skills honed with

the U.S. EMP, navigation study
NESP incorporates “lessons “St. Paul, Rock Island and St.
learned” from the Navigation Louis districts had been working
Feasibility Study. “One lesson- under the regional business
learned was restructuring the concept long before we ever heard
navigation study in August 2001 to of 2012 or regional business
include ecosystem restoration and centers,” said Greg Ruff, program
environmental sustainability,” said manager at Corps’ Mississippi
Worthington. Another lesson was Valley Division Headquarters.
to incorporate a high degree of “The regional management skills
vertical integration in program that have been honed with EMP,
management. “From district to the Navigation Study and other
division to headquarters, regional initiatives such as the
communications occurs in a Floodplain Management
coordinated effort and not Assessment, the Flow Frequency
sequentially,” he said. Study and the Comprehensive Plan
for Flood Damage Reduction are
allowing a smooth transition into
preconstruction engineering and Photo by Alan Dooley, St. Louis District
design phase of NESP. Paul Rohde, president of MARC
Added Ruff, “Without that 2000, speaks at a public
regional management experience, involvement meeting in
we would be at a great St. Louis, Mo.
disadvantage facing the execution
challenges that a program the size
of NESP brings.” Division and headquarters.” In
NESP is managed up, down and coordination among districts –
sideways – a regional management lateral management – DeZellar
matrix – with an integrated and his team must be sensitive to
approach to engage the passion of differences in cultures, procedures
St. Paul District photo the many stakeholders who have and organizational structure. “Rock
Dan McGuiness (left), director of an interest or livelihood in the Island has a Plan Formulation
the Upper Mississippi River massive ecosystems. The program Branch. St. Paul is organized
campaign for the national invites practically everyone who differently in that area,” said
Audubon Society, confers with DeZellar. Public involvement
has an interest in navigation and
Kevin Bluhm, Corps’ public receives great emphasis across all
ecosystems to participate.
involvement team leader participating districts.
for NESP. They were at a Corps’ Matrix management NESP applies the “learning
sponsored public meeting in La
“This is matrix management,” organization” value into program
Crosse, Wis., in 2003. “Audubon
said Jeff DeZellar, who oversees management through adaptive
is actively supporting the
ecosystem restoration project activities on NESP within management and P2, a suite of
recommendations of the Corps, the St. Paul District. Separately, he software applications used to
and it supports the Corps having is team leader and project manager manage projects.
dual-purpose management for for eight other projects. He started “I want to just briefly explain
both ecosystem restoration and with the navigation study in 2001 what is meant by the terms of
navigation,” said McGuiness. He and joined NESP in 2005. “There’s adaptive management and
is based in Minnesota. Bluhm a lot of coordination vertically with integrated management,” said
works out of the St. Paul the district, with Mississippi Valley
District. Regional, continued Page 18

Crosscurrents April 2005

Regional, continued from Page 17 Gretchen Benjamin, the

Chuck Spitzack, regional project Mississippi River team leader for
manager for NESP. Spitzack the Wisconsin Department of
manages the program out of two Natural Resources, La Crosse,
Corps’ districts, Rock Island and Wis., said, “Science and adaptive
St. Paul. Spitzack became the management come together in
manager in 2004, with marching NESP within institutional
orders to continue development of arrangements. Using science to
a system perspective as a adaptively change EMP projects
complement to district over the years has been a basic
perspectives. NESP borrowed building block,” said Benjamin.
many lessons from the successes “The NESP process will formalize
of the EMP, a collaborative effort this work. My experience in
among many agencies. working with the Corps has been
very positive,” she continued, citing
Science and adaptive
projects that incorporate
management come together
collaboration and science-driven
“Adaptive management is the adaptive management.
process of refining decisions and “Initially, the St. Paul District
projects and products through and the natural resource agencies
monitoring and performance worked on dredging and disposal
evaluation of actions,” said issues on the river,” said Benjamin.
Spitzack. “It allows and “That large issue was resolved,
encourages actions which have a and we were able to work on other
risk of failure and uncertain results, issues like the drawdown of Pool 8
because with adequate monitoring and the potential drawdown of
and project evaluation, there will Pool 5 this summer, siting mooring
be an improvement in management cells at the locks and dams and
knowledge. Adaptive management altering channel structures for
has a feedback loop that assesses environmental benefit. While I
how well the overall adaptive understand the differences in the
management process is working. river morphology from north to
“Adaptive management is south, it is my hope that any new
applicable at the project and NESP management arrangements
system levels. We need research would allow this type of positive
and monitoring on the systemic work to be conducted in all the
processes – sedimentation, for Corps’ districts.”
instance – to assess how well
management efforts are achieving P2 works across districts
ecosystem objectives, as well as P2, though still in its infancy, is
how individual management actions becoming an effective tool for
achieve localized objectives.” managing regional programs like
NESP. P2 supports NESP at both
the project and system level –
The photo at left was taken at across district and division
about rive mile 564, looking boundaries. P2 allows managers to
downstream. The complete identify the details of specific
photo is on the cover of the activities and projects. “One of the
U.S. Geological Survey photo by Upper Mississippi River
Mary Craig, Rock Island District Navigation Charts. Regional, continued Page 19

April 2005 Crosscurrents

Regional, continued from Page 18 is one component of the

benefits of P2 is cross charging • 1,200 miles of river institutional arrangement concept
labor codes, which allow for more • 37 lock sites that is being developed,” said
accurate and timely financial Soileau. Scientists from the Corps,
tracking and reporting of labor • Constructed 1930-1945 the U.S. Geological Survey, the
resources when compared to the • 2.5 million acres of Fish and Wildlife Service, many
traditional MIPR approach,” said aquatic wetland universities and the state natural
Scott Whitney, assistant regional • Flyway for 40 percent of resource agencies provide
project manager for NESP in Rock the nation’s migratory guidance for the adaptive
Island District. waterfowl management. “The institutional
P2 is designed to make regional arrangements provide an
management more efficient and opportunity for various groups to
effective by allowing for better approaches that achieve the learn from one another and to
tracking and reporting of the highest level of sustainable coordinate management actions,”
project’s financial resources (e.g. quality,” said Gene Degenhardt, said Spitzack.
labor, contracts, travel, etc.) and St. Louis District value engineer.
Nature Conservancy works
execution. “P2 provides project “The technique has proven
on sustainable ecosystem
managers and team members the invaluable in the early identification
ability to comprehensively track of issues, problems and needs, and The Nature Conservancy is a
program and project specific serves as a successful consensus- participating stakeholder in NESP.
obligations and expenditures even building forum to get teams off to “The Conservancy has been very
though most NESP project teams a jump-start by achieving a ‘fast involved in NESP through the
are comprised of members from focus’ on what needs to be done.” Navigation Environmental
different districts and even A science panel, composed of Coordinating Committee for almost
different divisions,” said Whitney. members inside and outside the three years,” said Catherine
“An important metric that Corps, supplies advanced scientific McCalvin, an ecologist and
management is interested in understanding through a feedback assistant program director on the
applying P2, is in the calculation of loop so important to adaptive Upper Mississippi Program with
‘earned value,’ which integrates management. “The science panel Regional, continued Page 20
cost, schedule and technical
performance for specific project
tasks or products. As a learning
organization, we hope such metrics
can help make our PDTs [project
delivery teams] and product
delivery process more efficient
and effective,” said Whitney.
Value engineering applied
early in plan formulation
Alongside P2, NESP adaptive
management incorporates value
engineering as a cost-savings tool.
“In contrast to the traditional
emphasis on seeking cost
reductions, VE’s unique function
analysis methodology is now used U.S. Geological Survey photo by Mary Craig, Rock Island District

as a tool in the early stages of Above is the La Grange Lock and Dam on the Illinois Waterway. The
product planning to develop lock is one of two on the waterway that MARC 2000 recommended
be expanded to have a 1,200-foot long chamber.

Crosscurrents April 2005

Regional, continued from Page 19

commercial navigation and the
“Adaptive management is
The Nature Conservancy. She’s ecosystem restoration.
applicable at the project
based in Trempealeau, Wis. “We
and system levels.” Districts share ‘lessons
are very excited about working
with the Corps and others during
implementation of NESP. The groups which have a passionate In managing regionally, St.
Conservancy supports the goal in interest on how the river is Louis, Rock Island and St. Paul
NESP for achieving sustainable managed. collaborate with a lessons learned
river ecosystem and hopes to build MARC 2000 represents a database. “Although the planning
on this aspect of NESP. coalition of agricultural, industrial, and design for the numerous
“The Conservancy is also excited shipping, environmental and NESP projects will be undertaken
to work with the Corps and the government interests, carriers and within a virtual context across the
science panel in exploring how to labor unions to promote Midwest Corps’ three Upper Mississippi
adaptively manage such a large economic growth by responsibly River districts, the ideas will be
and complex river,” she continued. developing and improving the collaboratively shared via a
“The Conservancy has its own Upper Mississippi and Illinois network-based ‘lessons learned
process, ‘Conservation by Design,’ River Systems. database,’” said Degenhardt.
for identifying conservation “In 2001, the Corps of Engineers “This database will insure the
strategies and measuring success. proposed restructuring the maximization of navigation
Adaptive management is integral to navigation study into a more efficiencies and ecosystem
this process. We are applying comprehensive review of both restoration measures.”
‘Conservation by Design’ to the navigation and ecosystem needs,” “Recommendations in the
Upper Mississippi River System said Paul Rohde, president. Navigation Feasibility Report
and want our results to integrate “MARC 2000 not only called for integrating
with the NESP as much as supported this approach, but implementation of the
possible.” agreed to participate as a full recommended plan with existing
Said Spitzack, “Integrated river partner in this collaborative programs of the Corps and the
basin management is the process process with other federal and Fish and Wildlife Service,” said
of managing water and related state agencies and private Spitzack.
resources across purposes with the nongovernmental groups,” said “The study also called for
goal of maximizing economic and Rohde. “We do not honestly know implementation of the framework
social benefits in an equitable whether the recommendations, a plan for navigation efficiency and
manner, while preserving and compilation of known types of ecosystem restoration through
restoring freshwater ecosystems. projects that have been effective science-based adaptive
We are presenting integrated river locally, will produce system-wide management,”he continued.
management as the process of results suggested …. Working “Existing institutions were created
managing multiple programs of collaboratively, industry, federal around specific initiatives and
multiple entities in a balanced and state biologists have produced programs. Although they have
manner toward achievement of tangible benefits to the ecosystem adjusted over time to
system goals and objectives.” while maintaining both commercial accommodate integrated and
and recreational benefits. Many, if adaptive management, more is
MARC 2000 needed. Under NESP we are
not all, of the projects envisioned
The navigation study feasibility in the recommended plan build on exploring modification of
report addressed navigation this type of approach.” institutional arrangements to more
efficiency and ecosystem Adaptive and integrated regional efficiently and effectively support
restoration. MARC 2000 or the management is designed to integrated, adaptive management.”
Midwest Area River Coalition, is a address the tension of these
St. Louis-based industry sometimes-dueling uses –
U.S. Geological Survey photo of
Mississippi River by Mary Craig,
association and one of many Rock Island District

April 2005 Crosscurrents

News and Notes

Mississippi Valley Flood Plain Management projects.
Joe Mose, project management,
Division and Sand was selected as the Continuing
County Foundation Authorities Program manager in
to work together to March.
Russ Snyder, project
protect natural management, will serve as acting
resources of chief, project management and
Mississippi Valley Photo by Perry Gamble development branch, for one year,
Left to right: Brig. Gen. Robert effective April 17.
Crear, commander of the DeLisa L. Kviz was selected
Mississippi Valley Division, Dr. as the new St. Paul District
The Mississippi Valley Division
Brent Haglund, Sand County
and the Sand County Foundation, finance and accounting officer.
Foundation president; and Col.
Inc., based in Madison, Wis., Mike Pfenning, St. Paul District She has been serving the district as
signed a memorandum of commander. a systems accountant and Corps of
understanding March 23 to work in Engineers Financial Management
partnership at effectively managing habitats on their land. It assists System data manager in the
one of the nation’s most important landowners, private and communal, finance and accounting branch
environmental resources, the with monitoring and management since April 1999.
Mississippi River Valley, from its of hundreds of thousands of acres
headwaters to its delta, as well as of land in several countries. Its
its major tributaries. mission is to advance the use of
By signing this document, the ethical and scientifically sound land Jamie Gibbons, Lock and Dam
two organizations agreed to share management practices and 4, Alma, Wis.
information and expertise in partnerships for the benefit of Chris Laidlaw, student hire in
exploring potential restoration and people and the ecological regulatory.
water-management projects, to landscape. Retirements
work together to monitor and Lloyd Dosh, physical support,
assess the success of any joint effective Feb. 7, with 19 years
projects and to promote a broader federal service.
public understanding of water level Bill Csajko, project
management, will serve as acting Dennis Holme, hydraulics and
management tools used for hydrology, effective March 3, with
resource sustainability. chief, project management branch,
for one year, effective April 17. 32 years federal service.
Additionally, the Corps’ districts of Marilyn Kruchten, project
the Mississippi Valley Division will Craig Evans, project
management, will serve as the management, effective April 1,
now consider environmental with 35 years federal service.
sustainability concepts suggested district’s senior planner, effective
in July. Ted Petersen, hydraulics and
by the Sand County Foundation for hydrology, effective March 3, with
all of its projects. Roland Hamborg, project
management, was officially 31 years federal service.
The Sand County Foundation is a Perry Tobin, construction
private, nonprofit organization selected in March to serve as the
manager of the Planning management in western area
dedicated to working with private
landholders to improve natural Assistance to States, News and Notes,
Environmental Infrastructures and continued on Page 22

Crosscurrents April 2005

News and Notes, construction operations division, Natalie Siok, engineering and
continued from Page 21
now operations, talked about construction, Winona, Minn.;
office, effective March 3, with 25 genealogy and family at a Bart Spriggle, operations, Dredge
years federal service. gathering of The Polk County William A. Thompson, Fountain,
Elmer Yeoman, Lock and Dam Penners’ spring conference for City, Wis.; and
9, effective Feb. 28, with 22 years writers April 30, at the Oakwood Annette Vogel, engineering and
federal service. Inn, Luck, Wis. construction.
The program is an 18- to 24-
John Dammon, retired St. Paul
Eight selected for month long, multifaceted leadership
and development program.
District employee at Lock and Leadership The program’s primary purpose
Dam 8, Genoa, Wis., passed away Development is to identify and develop a diverse
April 5. pool of high potential leaders. This
Judy M. (Heutmaker) Program
is accomplished in part through an
Mickelson, former St. Paul The Leadership Development evaluation and analysis of one’s
District employee in the personnel Program will have eight leadership style, guided preparation
office from 1970 to the early participants for the class of 2006. of an individual development plan,
1980s, passed away March 31. They are: attendance at various district
She was retired after 35 years of Shannon Bauer, public affairs meetings, participation on team
federal service. office; projects, a mentoring relationship
Robert Serene, retired St. Paul Aaron Buesing, engineering and with a senior manager and
District employee at Lock and construction; developmental assignments in other
Dam 4, Alma, passed away April Rebecca Gruber, operations, offices. The program is intended to
21. (Waukesha, Wis.); be as flexible as possible, in order
Corps’ retiree speaks to Warren LaPlante, safety office; to allow for the dynamic nature of
local writers’ group Tom Novak, project both organizational and employee
Local historian Rose Marie management; needs and goals.
Braatz, a retiree from the old

Jan Pream honored as February Employee of the Month

The Awards Committee selected Jan Pream, operations division, as
the February 2005 Employee of the Month. Dave Christenson and Shelly
Shafer, readiness branch, nominated Pream.
Pream conducted outstanding support in deploying the nearly 60
personnel to hurricanes Charley, Frances, Ivan and Jeanne recovery
efforts. Christenson wrote, “She went beyond the expected performance
to ensure all personnel had travel orders, flight reservations and labor
codes established. Her dedication resulted in improved morale for those
deploying for the emergency operations. They were confident that all the
paperwork was right; and they would have no problems with
Photo by Jon Lyman administration, timekeeping or travel.”
Col. Mike Pfenning, district Added Shafer, “She has been instrumental in the deployment of our
commander, recognized
hurricane responders. We simply would not have gotten through this
Jan Pream, operations
division, as February
without her dedicated service,”
Employee of the Month.