TYPES OF VERB DEFINITION: Verb is the word which is used to tell about the action or movement of person, thing

and animal. There are many kinds of verb as follow: 1) Transitive Verb 2) Intransitive Verb 3) Linking Verb 4) Auxiliary Verb 5) Modal Verb 1) TRANSITIVE VERB Transitive Verb is the verb that needs object and usually followed by noun. These transitive verbs include arrest, avoid, do, enjoy, find, force, get, give, grab, hit, like, pull , report, shock, take, tell, touch, want, warn… Formula: Sub + T.V + Obj Example: - She takes a book. - I need a chair. - They speak English. 2) INTRANSITIVE VERB Intransitive Verb is the verb which does not need object, but it needs adverbial modifier. These intransitive verbs include appear, come, fall, go, happen, matter, sleep, swim, wait… Formula: Sub + I.V + (Adv) Example: - He cries. - They dance well. - She sings beautifully. 3) LINKING VERB Linking Verb refers to verb that needs subjective complement rather than object and that subjective complement describes the subject. These Linking Verbs include: be, smell, feel, taste, prove, look, become, appear, stay, remain, get, sound, seem, grow, turn, go… a) Subjective Complement can be “Adjective” Example: - Your face grows red. - He looks tired. - Her voice sounds pretty. b) Subjective Complement can be “Noun or Pronoun” Example: - He becomes a district governor. - The robber is you. 4) AUXILIARY VERB Auxiliary Verbs are used to form question and negative sentence, and they are usually used with main verb to form many different kinds of tenses. Be is used to form Continuous Tense and Passive Voice. Example: - The dog is biting a child. - A child is bitten by the dog. Have/Has is used to form Perfect Tense. Example: - They have known me for 3 years.

Example: . Be able to: can be used both in present and past. permission. a) Ability We use “can. habit and promise.May I make a suggestion? c) Obligation and necessity We use “must and have to/ have got to” to express obligation or necessity. had better. . suggestion. Could: is used in the past. to say what is right or good. obligation and advice. 5) MODAL VERB Modal Verbs are the verbs that are used to talk about ability. Example: . What shall I do? . to ask for and give advice and in general. It may be Sara. . possibility. Example: . Had better: is used to express a strong recommendation in a particular situation. could. Example: . Example: . may and might” to ask to a permission. Most Modal Verbs can form question and negative sentence by themselves.I shouldn’t tell a lie. probability. Example: . Should and Ought to is used talk about the obligation and duty. b) Permission We use “can. (emphasis form) Will is used to form Future Tense. request. Can: is used in the present. or when we want advice or instruction.How long shall I cook this rice? e) Possibility We use “may.She has had dinner already. could and be able to” to talk about the ability. Example: My sister could speak when she was 15 years old. obligation and necessity. Moreover.The environment will become terrible in the a few decades. might and could” to talk about present or future possibility. we can also use them to show the emphasis sentence.Can I use your pen for a moment? -Could I ask you a personal question? .He doesn’t eat meat.You ought to learn to swim. . so I had better turn on the heating. Shall is used when we want to know someone’s opinion. ought to. Do/Does is used to form Question and Negative Sentence in the Present Simple when the sentence doesn’t have a special verb. f) Probability We use “should and ought to” to say that something is probable at the moment of speaking or in the future.Do you love her? . Shall I apply for a job or not? .I have got a trouble pain in my back. but now I am able to speak smoothly. . and shall” to talk about the obligation and advice. Example: He can play the guitar. Example: .We aren’t sure what we are going to do tomorrow. There are many Modal Verbs as following.. so I must go to the doctor now.We have to drive on the left in Britain. Example: Last year I wasn’t able to speak at all.I’m not sure what to do.People will be difficult to live because of the climate change. offer.I have missed my last bus. d) Obligation and Advice We use “should. . Example: .I do live here.There is someone at the door. We might go to the beach. Example: It’s going to be cold tonight.

j) Habit + We use “used to” to talk about past habit which are now finished. and would."  Dynamic Verbs and Stative Verbs A dynamic verb indicates an action..Could I ask you some questions? . . + We use “will and would” to talk about the actions which are repeated again and again. The modal auxiliaries includecan. 10 types of verbs:  Auxiliary Verbs and Lexical Verbs An auxiliary verb (also know as a helping verb) determines the mood or tense of another verb in a phrase: "It will rain tonight. and do. She’s normally there at this time. will and would” to ask for something.We can watch TV if you like.May I have some more coffee? h) Offer We use “will. can and could” to ask for and make a suggestion. may. will. may. or sensation: "I bought a new guitar.Stop making that noise or I will scream! . and we use “will” for present habits and “would” for past habits. . g) Request We use “can. have. Example: . . . Example: . shall.I will be careful with the car. could. She hasn’t got much to do.In those days people would make their own entertainment. Example: . should. . Example: ." The primary auxiliaries are be. must.Can I ask you a pen? . A lexical verb (also known as a full or main verb) is any verb in English that isn't an auxiliary verb: it conveys a real meaning and doesn't depend on another verb: "It rained all night. could and would” when we are willing to do something for someone. . k) Promise We use “will” to express strong intention in promises and threats.We could go to the cinema.Sally should be at work by now. to ask for permission or to ask someone to do something.I could help you to lift this box. could." .Would you like me to help you? i) Suggestion We use “shall.She ought to pass his driving easily.Shall we stay at home? . process.I will lend you some money.I can write this letter for you.Every day Jane will come home from school and ring up the friends she’s just been talking to. . Example: Robert used to play football when he was young. I promise.Shall I open the door for you? . Example: .

" (See Introduction to Irregular Verbs in English.) Causative verbs.A stative verb (such as be. know. situation." An intransitive verb doesn't take a direct object: "He sat there quietly." A nonfinite verb (an infinitive or participle) doesn't show a distinction in tense and can occur on its own only in a dependent phrase or clause: "While walking to school. Copular verbs link the subject of a sentence to its complement. or condition: "Now I own a Gibson Explorer. show that some person or thing helps to make something happen."  Regular Verbs and Irregular Verbs A regular verb (also known as a weak verb) forms its past tense and past participle by adding -d or -ed (or in some cases -t) to the base form: "We finished the project. . own."  Finite Verbs and Nonfinite Verbs A finite verb expresses tense and can occur on its own in a main clause: "She walked to school. and seem) describes a state." (SeeForming the Past Tense of Regular Verbs.) An irregular verb (also known as a strong verb) doesn't form the past tense by adding -dor -ed: "Gus ate the wrapper on his candy bar." (This distinction is especially tricky because many verbs have both a transitive and an intransitive function. Catenative verbs join with other verbs to form a chain or series. like. have. for example. she spotted a bluejay.)  Transitive Verbs and Intransitive Verbs A transitive verb is followed by a direct object: "She sells seashells.

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