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have a topic sentence that states the main idea of the body paragraph, a main subpoint of your thesis. A topic sentence will: - Introduce the topic in the paragraph - Be the most general and important sentence in the paragraph - Contain controlling ideas that the following sentences in the paragraph will: + explain + define + clarify + illustrate Exercise 1: Read the following paragraphs and underline the topic sentences, then circle the controlling ideas. 1. Hurricanes, which are also called cyclones, exert tremendous power. These violent storms are often a hundred miles in diameter, and their winds can reach velocities of seventy-five miles per hour or more. Furthermore, the strong winds and heavy rainfall that accompany them can completely destroy a small town in a couple of hours. The energy that is released y a hurricane in one day exceeds the total energy consumed y human!ind throughout the world in one year. ". #l ert $instein, one of the world%s geniuses, failed his university entrance examinations on his first attempt. &illiam Faul!ner, one of #merica%s noted writers, never finished college ecause he could not pass his $nglish courses. 'ir &inston (hurchill, who is considered one of the masters of $nglish language, had to have special tutoring in $nglish during elementary school. These few examples show that failure in school doesn%t always predict failure in life. ). 'ynonyms, words that have the same asic meaning, do not always have the same emotional meaning. For example, the words *stingy% and *frugal% oth mean *careful with money%. However, to cal a person stingy is an insult, while the word frugal has much more positive connotation. 'imilarly, a person wants to e slender ut not s!inny, and aggressive ut not pushy. Therefore, you should e careful in choosing word ecause many so called synonyms are not really synonyms at all. Exercise 2: Write the topic sentences based on the thesis statements. 1. Travelling is the est way to discover the world where we live. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Class 3 y ,guyen Thi -iang, .#. /01"21/3/3 = supporting sentences that support or prove the topic sentence
y . +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 7 thin! that children should not study at a very early age. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. such as personal interest. a student has to consider various factors. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.#. 9. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 5. 6rug and alcohol a use among teenagers can e traced to the following causes4 lac! of parental supervision. 2. 3. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. and they lead less stressful lives.guyen Thi -iang. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. &omen generally live longer than men for two main reasons4 they tend to ta!e etter care of their health. /01"21/3/3 . which 7 will explain ellow. ). +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.1. . For several reasons. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.odern technology has improved the world in three important ways. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. lax enforcement of drug laws and the social and psychological pro lems of teenager themselves. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. . 7n choosing a ma8or. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 1. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 7 elieve that uilding a large factory near my community has advantages as well as disadvantages. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 8o opportunities and availa ility of training institutions a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. (apital punishment should e a olished not only ecause it deprives another person of life ut also ecause it doesn%t stop crime.
. our ancestors and gain more !nowledge. $ntertainment plays an essential role in our everyday%s life. #rt forms people:s spiritual sense. #nother important enefit is that the 7nternet is a great means of communication. etc. find out their customs. #ll human!ind is inde ted to the scientists ecause of their wor! and achievements.eople have the opportunity to communicate with the people from other countries. 7 thin! that the 7nternet ma!es our world smaller and friendlier. asically. watching T= with our favorite T= stars or favorite foot all players. &e have microwaves and a unch of preprocessed food to ma!e the coo!ing much easier. &e have different devices that simplify all we do. &e have the chance to learn more a out the world:s history. . good harvest and weather. They performed different rituals around the fireplace as!ing their gods for health. # few years ago it was rather difficult to imagine that it would e possi le to communicate with people from all around the world. . traffic. 1+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. <ur language is a result of people:s need to communicate. scientists are ma!ing great achievements in medicine that ma!e our life longer and happier. Therefore. y . id-and-as!ed >uotations. 7 elieve that they have such high salaries ecause we need them. Famous athletes and entertainers are li!e doctors for our souls. "+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 'cientists ma!e our life easier. &e need to relax.#. views and personalities. 7 cannot stay home all day long without watching T=. weather. as! their opinions and extend their range of interests. 'tudents have the opportunity to spea! to the professors from prestigious universities. &e also watch movies that entertain and at the same time extend our range of interests. For example. 7n old times. /01"21/3/3 . )+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. #nother important aspect of this is that art is an ancient means of communication. $ntertainment is one of the est ways to eliminate stress and tension and leave all trou les ehind. &e have cars and airplanes to move fast from one place to another. .eople learn history. people depicted the herds of mammoths on the walls of their caves.guyen Thi -iang.Class 3 Exercise 3: Write the topic sentences for the following paragraphs. the traditions of their country trough the art. traditions and even visit each other. 5+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.eople can have access to the latest news. Finally.