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Rawat Swati *1 and Motwani Sapna 2.
SND College of Pharmacy, Yeola, Nashik, ( aharashtra! " #ndia$ % odern College of Pharmacy, #ndore ( $P$!, &'%((1
)*or Correspondence swatimonalisa +rediffmail$com
lic attention. aro. constit. alcoholic drinks and love portion!$ Erectile dysfunction' (1D! or (male! impotence is a se0.al. psychophysiological stim.een advocated.al instinct.nction$ INTRODUCTION An aphrodisiac is defined as any food or dr.ces veneral desire and increases pleas. and 1rectile dysf. 4er. propelled in part ..al plants with their e0perimental st.al dysf. se0. ashwaganda.stances that increase se0..ps/ s. ind.e physiological or psychological$ *olk remedies have long .ral! preparations and internal preparations (food. sildenafil (trade name :iagra!.otanical s. with some .nction may . tactile.mmari-es the her.ility to develop or maintain an erection of the penis$ 2here are vario.e categori-ed according to their mode of action into three gro.. olfactory and a.ction of the first pharmacologically approved remedy for impotence. many of which are medically treata.sed in a se0.nderlying ca.stances are derived from plants.er of plants as a aphrodisiac$ 2his review s. s.y the ina.sed a wave of p. in the 188(s ca.al way$ Some well"known aphrodisiacs are ginko.ents and their potent aphrodisiac activity$ 3ey words" Aphrodisiacs.al plants. animals or minerals and since time immemorial they have . effectiveness of erection! and s.al pleas.eing advertised widely since the 189(s$ 2he introd.lar leakage and dia.sal!.etes.li (vis. s.stances that increase se0.ses.al desire.ABSTRACT Aphrodisiacs can .s .re and performance$ 2his word is derived from 5Aphrodiate6 the 7reek goddess of love and these s..nction characteri-ed .y heavy advertising$ % .m..dy.een the passion of man$ 2here are two main types of aphrodisiacs.ch as cardiovasc.ido (i$e$.stances that increase li.g that aro.ses of erectile dysf.le$ 2he ca. oysters and chocolate$ 1thno.ses the se0.re$ An aphrodisiac is a type of food or drink that has the effect of making those who eat or drink it more aro.al potency (i$e$.rveys have indicated a large n.
sef.ino rats were eval. <iliaceae (Active parts" .N#.isc.S1 (4i.ated$ All the doses res. Atropa . enhance fertility in the male ad.ality. it may .eo. motility.ilo.ency and 9 . alvaceae (Active parts" *lowers! N>? :.is sativa. Chemical constit.ents and the aphrodisiac potential of the a@. <iliaceae (Active parts".0vomica!.died and the res.iaceae! stem in male al.t the aphrodisiac activity of plants 1$ Phoenix dactylifera 2he date palm pollen (DPP! is .ency.l to solve infertility pro.le and has less or very less side effects$ Some of the her. #CA (Strychnos n.s racemos. Psoralea coryifolia$ 4ere is the list of plants with their Description. 7inko .lsion a. morphology.s!.ther her.elow . 1.al plants with aphrodisiac activity are Dat.ents and conc.m sativ. 4yoscyam.lted in significant increase in mo.s! S4A2A:A=# (Asparag.ctive system of Ad.ost potent her. 10perimental st. Canna.ra metel.spensions ale improved the sperm co.al aphrodisiacs are availa.s niger.s rosasinensis!.elladonna. Avena sativa.nt.ality with a concomitant increase in the weights of testis and epididymis$2he date palm contains estradiol and flavonoid components that have positive effects on the sperm @.dy.m!..lt =ats was st. and DNA @.l.o.rycoma longifolia.lems %$ Fadogia agrestis 2he phytochemical constit.s are listed . <iliaceae (Active part" roots!$ C4#NA =.m cepa!..lts indicated that the cons. <oganiaceae (Active parts" seeds!$ .nt fre@.s e0tract of Fadogia agrestis (=.l.e .spension seems to improve sperm @.ality$Date palm pollen s.!$ 7A=<#C (Alli.a.sed in the traditional medicine for male infertility$2he 1ffect of Phoenix Dactylifera Pollen on Sperm Parameters and =eprod.lt rat$ 2herefore. intromission fre@.N (Alli..mption of DPP s.
eo.ced mo.nctions in animals.line .costerol and H"sitosterol$ 2heir str. da.nds.sed to modify impaired se0.dy of the chemical composition of Chione venosa (SE$! >=CAN var$ venosa has revealed the presence of three acetophenones hitherto .ranosyl"(1IJI!"."H"D" gl.al f. diderroside.s masc.m testosterone concentrations in all the gro."GH"D"piof.ded that the st.latory latency (P B ($('! and red.e the mechanism responsi.rnishes the pop.ct.inones and flavonoids are weakly present$2he a@.lood testosterone concentrations and this may .copyranosideK and acetophenone"%". >:F:is and 1S#F S$2hey concl.s e0tract of Fadogia agrestis stem increased the .nt and intromission latency (P B ($('!$ 2here was also a significant increase in ser.s e0tracts of the .eo. three iridoids and two well"known triterpenes$ 2hese res.ps in a manner s."H"D"gl..ark and the roots yielded three acetophenone derivatives descri.ark and the roots of Chione venosa (SE$! >=CAN var$ venosa (=.y 1D and %D N = analysis.nknown in plants.acetophenone"%".ean island of 7renada f. a native tree growing in the islands rain forest$2he phytochemical investigation of dichloromethane and methanolic"a@. especially those arising from hypotestosteronemia 9$ Chione venosa var.. venosa 2he Cari.iaceae!.le for its aphrodisiac effects and vario. sweroside.ehaviors$ #t may .ed for the first time in plants F ortho" hydro0y"acetophenone"a-ine.copyranoside F along with five known compo. which consists of the stem .g Cois CandeD.lts not only enhance the & .res were el.lar aphrodisiac dr.ggestive of dose"dependence (P B ($('!$Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids and saponins while Antra@.cidated .e . L"morroniside.significantly prolonged the eAac.
tomentosa.se as a traditional remedy for reprod.dy provides evidence that the a@. eAac. tomentosa is a potent stim.t the st..latory interval (P1#! were the parameters o. intromission latency (#<!.al .ated the effect of the N'"mgIkg dose of the e0tract on males with anestheti-ation of the genital area and on se0.ency ( *!.e considered to possess aphrodisiac properties '$ Butea frondosa 3oen$ 10 =o0. frondosa e0tract (&(( mgIkg .ally inactive male rats (noncop.de e0tract of M. eAac.ency (#*!.ally inactive animals$ .knowledge of a traditionally .larly of se0.eo.al .lators!$2he e0act constit. was assessed$ #n addition.eo.. B.e.ehavior in previo. intromission fre@. N' and 1'( mgIkg of the a@.ehavior. they eval.nt latency ( <!.ehavior of se0.al ' .n these .ring the se0.dy done .y S$ =amachandran.al .served .s cr. di. the e0ican -oapatle ( ontanoa tomentosa! has an e0tensive ethnomedical history of . frondosa is traditionally claimed to possess aphrodisiac.efore and d. confirmed the claims of B. when B.nting fre@. mo. and that it promotes the e0pression of masc.lation latency (1<!..lation fre@.al performance. frondosa as an aphrodisiac agent$ Se0.te to the Aphrodisiac potential of the plant &$ Montanoa tomentosa Cih.line se0.latory .e discovered . partic.ally active male rats receiving doses of 9M.ctive impairments$ Cop. emmenagog.ehavior of se0.de e0tract of M. (Papillionaceae!.al aro. e0pectorant.s cr.sly se0.ency (1*! and post" eAac.ents are yet to .ases.sal in male rats.lator of se0.ody wt$! was administered for a period of %1 to %M days$ o.sed medicinal plant .apatli.ally active and inactive animals showed increased and improved se0.retic and astringent properties$2he st.t also contri. this e0tract can .
e of val.s provides a scientific rationale for the traditional .genol.g sildenafil citrate$ 2he n.tmeg along with its likely adverse effects and ac. starch and m. proteins.ced significantly significantly *.s animal models$ 2he s.served in se0. sa. which might . dimeric phenylpropanoids.tmeg in the management of male se0. fats.ted to its nervo.lating property$ 2he st.spension of the e0tract was administered (1((.r.tmeg contains a volatile oil.y hormonal treatment$ 2he general mating . 1< and P1# (p B ($('!$ 2he e0tract also increased red. increasing . li.tt$ ( yristicaceae!$ #t has ..tmeg yields 'F1'O of volatile oil.inene.te to0icity .e attri. safrole.dy$ onoamines were present as an active constit. isoelemicin.genol.tmeg possesses aphrodisiac activity.dy was .ndertaken to eval.oth li.een mentioned in >nani medicine to .al disorders$2he st. lignas and neolignas$2he '(O ethanolic e0tract of n.cilage$ 2he fi0ed oil contains myristin and myristic acid$ N. which contains pinene. myristicin.se of n.al disorders N$ J .dy th.ent and the e0tract <. isoe.ido and potency were st. e.e in the management of male se0.tmeg is the dried kernel of .ate the aphrodisiac effect of '(O ethanolic e0tract of n. #<.ally active and inactive male rats J$ Myristica fragrans N.ido and potency.genol. p$o$! to different gro. a fi0ed oil. metho0ye..ehavio. elemicin.roadly ovoid seed of Myristica fragrans 4o.sing vario.s stim.ps of male rats daily for seven days$ 2he female rats involved in mating were made receptive . #* and 1* (p B ($('!$ 2hese effects were o.died and compared with the standard reference dr. %'( and '(( mgIkg.ehavior st. camphene.
its .gh drinking water$ 2reated and control rats were allowed to mate with female on day &' of treatment$ S31.thern part of #ran$ #t is famo. seminal vesicles.family Nepetoideae and the tri. s.lt.ndity. and decrease in enco. N .d.elongs to the family <amiaceae.rkish and Chinese literat. motility..nt. fec.llah Al Parawi.ch as potency.y Aly A. living percent.rally occ.y S31.een . only the 9" phenylco.ses as analgesic and antiseptic in folk medicine$ 2he gen. and ventral prostate weights were increased . and litter si-e$#t contains more than ($'O of essential oil$2he concentrations of *S4 and testosterone were significantly increased in S31.e entheae$2he st. . fertility inde0.sed medicinally in many ancient c.ated s.res$ #n ancient 2.een present in Ruta chalepensis to possess potent estrogenic activity$2he stim..s Sat.normalities$ 2he hormonal profile was also infl.ndertaken to st. and %%' mgIkgIday for &' days thro.ps$ Also the weights of testes.re.Ruta chalepensis Ruta chalepensis has .enced .y the R.gh a pit.ted in the So.dy was ."treated gro. chalepensis e0tract$ 2he testosterone and *S4 levels were significantly increased with no change in the <4 and prolactin levels$2he nat.dy the effect of ature!a "hu#estanica essential oil (S31. 1'(.rring co. was administered orally at doses of N'.y the increase in sperm co.s for its medical .reAa .se as an a.marins have .marins.lant was reported$2he plant had a spermotrophic action demonstrated .ntered sperm a.! in male rat fertility$ S31.dy . significantly improved all the parameters eval.itary"testicle a0is participating in the physiological events of spermatogenesisM$ Satureja khu estanica ature!a "hu#estanica Qam-ad is an endemic plant that is widely distri.terine stim.latory effects of Ruta chalepensis mediated thro.ortifacient and .y e0perimental st.
%R%O lipids and a n.alities of middle aged male rats after dosing them with M ..s t.de"ind.vian hypocotyl that grows e0cl.ps in alaysia for treating disease and enhancing health and as s.s epitheli. is well known among vario. a constit.er of other compo. s.de prevented high altit.er of spermatogoni.ced spermatogenic disr. incl.m.died on the se0.(%%' mgIkg!$ 4istopathological analysis showed that in male rats treated with S31.nds.dy was also performed at sea level to determine the effect of aca given to male rats at doses of (.al @.ch. and spermato-oids was increased 8$ Lepidium meyenii $epidium meyenii ( aca! is a Per..ch as campesterol. %%' mgIkg! the n.mination$ A doseFresponse st. 1(R%O proteins.etween &((( and &'(( m in the central Andes$ aca is traditionally employed in the Andean region for its s. MR'O fi. JRJ.s ethnic gro.ohydrates.eo. stigmasterol and sitosterol that aca at high enhances fertility $7 * 7on-ales concl.ody weight.lt male rats were e0posed for %1 days to an altit.nts were o. JJRJ and JJJRJ mgIday for N days on .ent of fertility$ aca.tained at (.s e0tract of aca (JJJRJ mgIday!$ 2he lengths of the stages of the seminifero.de of &9&( m and treated with vehicle or a@. 1& and %1 days of e0pos.een clinically proven to play a role in male aca also contains sterols.re$ 2he stages of the seminifero.. spermatid cords.s t.m.. it is sometimes referred to as 5 alaysian ginseng6$2he effects of Eurycoma longifolia Qack were st.les were assessed .pposed fertility"enhancing properties$Ad.ded that treatment of rats with altit.er. N.y transill. seminifero. <eydig cells.sively .le stages and epididymal sperm co. has .ption 1($ !urycoma longifolia Eurycoma longifolia Qack commonly known as 2ongkat Ali.nt$Dry aca hypocotyls have '8O car.ding most of the essential amino acids$ Arginine. (1'(.m.m and epididymal sperm co.
e an effective treatment of erectile dysf..rwade.al plants with Aphrodisiac activity. longifolia whilst the control gro.ladiAi. 4er.lt (%((J!$ 9! $ 2$ Yak. lactones and phenolics$ 2he st. longifolia Qack enhanced the se0. N (&!/ 988 (%(('!$ 8 .alities of the middle aged male rats..s e0tract of Fadogia agrestis (Schweinf$ 10 4iern! stem in male al. 2$ 2alaei.p received 9 mlIkg of normal saline daily for 1% weeks$ Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids. Med.andh.nction (1D!S moreover isolation and identification of active from these plants can .r. 'ndrology.al @. Drugs.. T$ :oAdani.s can . &.e cond.al plants in this review have e0hi. P$S$ 3awtikar. S$C$ 3osalge and N$:$ Qan. ci.($' gIkg of vario. $=$ PanAehshahin.ited significant pharmacological activity$ 2he potency of the her. $ A$ AkanAi. 1ffect of Phoenix Dactylifera Pollen on Sperm Parameters ale =ats$ %ran.ino rats$ 'sian. &.cted to determine if this plant has the a.dies sho. Aphrodisiac potentials of the a@. f..ove property in middle aged men 11$ CONCULSION: All the her. A$ 2$ . S$ $ 7haeminia.al plant dr.rther st. and as s. !1(4 / %(M"1% and =eprod.ld .eo.g is significant and they have no side effect$ 2he her.ctive system of Ad.ch. 42(2 / JN"N% (%(('!$ %! S$ Cahmanpo.dy shows that E.ring a dynamic change in the modern world$ REFERENCES: 1! N$4$ #nd. %ndian. Tareei. A$ Poostpasand.s fractions of E.
1ffect of $epidium meyenii ( aca! on spermatogenesis in male rats ac. S$ 3ishore 7nana Sam. 7$ =odrUDg. Q$ Q.renitsch. A Ch. C$ 3letter. 7$ =e-nicek. Behavior$ #$: 1%8F9& (%((&!$ J! S$ =amachandran. 1ffect of ature!a "hu#estanica essential oil on male rat fertility$ Fitoterapia. %(1" (%(('!$ M! A$ A.s 10tract of Ruta chalepensis on the Se0 . A$ <atif.latory 1ffect of the A@.ng.al f. 2$ 4$ Ngai$ 2$ 4$ 2an.dy of se0. 7asco. 1$&: MNF8' (%((&!$ 11! 4$ 4$ Ang.e-" an-o. 7$ Amin. A$ Presser.nction improving effect of Myristica fragrans 4o.s cr.rgans and 4ormones of 'pplied Research. S$ Ahmad.io.eo. ##: &8'F8 (%((J!$ 1(! 7 * 7on-ales. < :illegas. D$ E$ 2aylor$ Phenolic and terpenoid compo.d. ale =ats$ (he &ournal of $ A. 1ffects of Eurycoma longifolia Qack on se0. Y$ Sridhar. $ Cervantes" eDnde-.llah. $ Saravanan.caAi. N$ An.de (&9&( m!$ &ournal of Endocrinology.ddin.dollahi.aDre-.de e0tract in male rats$ Biochem. C$ inaie. and S$ 3$ Sridhar$ Aphrodisiac activity of Butea frondosa 3oen$ e0 =o0. 1$ Cervantes.$ e0tract in male rats$ Phytomedicine$ 11/ 1J'FM (%((&!$ N! 2aA.al @.alagan. A CVrdova. An e0perimental st. Aphrodisiac properties of Montanoa tomentosa a@. % (1 (%(('!$ 8! S$ 4aeri. 4$ 1smaily. =$ 3horasani. P$ . S$ 7lasl. #$ Eerner.tmeg!$ BMC Complementary and 'lternative Medicine. Q$ 2homas <eonard.tt$ (N. Al Parawi$ Stim. Q =.alities in middle aged male rats$ Phytomedicine$ 1&: '8(F9 (%((9!$ 1( .&! A$ <endl.eo.. A$ Salehnia.tely e0posed to high altit.nds from Chione venosa (SE$! >=CAN var$ venosa (Cois CandeD!$ Phytochemistry$ "": %9M1FN (%(('!$ '! $ Carro"Q. S$ Nikfar. #$ Ahmad Pasmi and 3$ $Y$ Amin.