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ENVISION ADAMS MORGAN

PHASE I

An Examination of the Vital Components that Comprise Adams Morgan Today

ENVISION ADAMS MORGAN PHASE I An Examination of the Vital Components that Comprise Adams Morgan Today

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DEDICATION

This publication is dedicated to the friends and neighbors of Adams Morgan who came together to begin the long and difficult process of developing a vision for our community.

They began their labors late in the spring of 2012 and have completed the first leg of their journey in the summer of 2013. Despite a variety of challenges they remained committed to their task and the pages that follow are testament to their dedication and efforts.

This community says thank you to the Envision Adams Morgan Working Group.

June 26, 2013

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I. Overview

1. Background

TABLE OF CONTENTS

2. Envision Adams Morgan: About the Document

3. The Adams Morgan Boundaries

4. History and Community Character

5. Population Characteristics

II. Current Community Elements and Analysis

6. Economic Development

7. Land Use and Zoning/Historic Preservation

8. Transportation

9. Housing

10. Environment/Sustainability

11. Community Facilities and Services

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Background

“Envision Adams Morgan” came about in the spring of 2012 in response to the rapid changes in development in the Adams Morgan. Community members often found themselves at odds with one another over the directions that various proposed commercial and residential projects projected for the community.

While all of the various factions had the best interest of Adams Morgan in mind it was clear that everyone was speaking from their vi sion for Adams Morgan and not from a vision developed from a community consensus.

The issue was further heightened by the fact the Office of Planning does not have a “small area” plan for Adams Morgan.

With these realizations a committed group decided to begin meeting regularly in concert with a committee of the Adams Morgan ANC to develop an overall vision of Adams Morgan that would serve as a both a reference and a guide for understanding Adams Morgan’s present and its future.

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Envision Adams Morgan: About the Document

This document is an attempt by your friends and neighbors to provide all of the residents of the Adams Morgan community with a picture of where we are today and through this document provide some insight and direction about where we sh ould be headed in the future.

Community planning is a long and arduous process, however, it is generally recognized by urban and community planners that an analysis of the community is the first step in the planning of the future for the community. Our analysis by definition will always be unfinished as the community transforms itself almost daily. The contributors to this analysis are not professional, researchers or urban planners but merely committed advocates for Adams Morgan who are making this effort in addition to meeting their own personal challenges in everyday life.

We have been fortunate to have the help and assistance of the Catholic University School of Architecture and Urban Planning’s graduate students and professor but even their assistance was constrained by their responsibilities to their academic endeavors.

You will find this document offers little personal opinion but relies heavily on published data about our community including, but not limited to, current Census data, and published research data from local government, area think tanks, and other local sou rces.

Naturally, with nearly thirty people working on the documents divided into research areas according to their interest, the sources will vary and in some cases overlap. However, we have tried to reduce such instances and to fact- check the data contai ned in this report, but to be sure, we will have gotten aspects of it wrong and for that we apologize in advance. This document is meant to be only a “starting point” to provide some sort of framework from which the community can go forward to offer its su ggestions and ideas about what the community should look like in each of these areas going forward and perhaps offer some strategies to get us there.

All of the sections that comprise this report will be made available online by the end of October at http://envisionadamsmorgan.anc1c.org/ and we invite each and every resident to review the report and begin thinking about those ideas and visions you have for Adams Morgan and sharing them with the Adams Morgan Working Group and your fellow community members. We will try to post the ideas online, with or without attribution, as they are received. Your ideas about our schools, our business community, our parks and recreation, or our zoning laws are what we are looking for. Every fourth Wednesday in the month from October 2013 thru the end of March 2014 we will listen to and record your ideas. In addition there will be other special

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opportunities to share your thoughts through surveys and a simple online posting of your ideas. These ideas collectively will shape a formal vision of Adams Morgan’s future, which hopefully will lead to meaningful medium and long- term changes for our community.

The Adams Morgan Working Group

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Boundaries

Boundaries 7

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History of the Comm unity

Adams Morgan, long considered one of the most diverse communities in Washington, D.C., was and continues to be a pace setter for dynamic Washington communities. One guide book described the community, as a mixture of Jewish, White, African American, African and Hispanic entrepreneurs in working and living along side of government civil servants, liberal and conservative activist professionals and artist all living and working in one community.

Adams Morgan was once known simply as “18 th and Columbia” which referred to its major crossroads. The community that we now call Adams Morgan is one of the many by- products of the desegregation of the schools in the south and Washington was no exception. The new name came from the two elementary schools which were initially segregated but moved to a peaceful and quiet desegregation because the black and white communities of Adams Morgan built upon a trust that had existed before desegregation. In furtherance of their efforts, they formally created the Adams Morgan Better Neighborhood Conference, which became the active instrument that spared the community several potentially catastrophic developments, which would have potentially destroyed it.

The community prospered in the period after the first WWI and continued to grow in affluence until the 1960’s. The growth of the suburbs and the desire for more land and space coupled with the urban unrest of the period saw a large exodus of many affluent families. Their exodus paved the way for a younger audience, the boomers, who flocked to the area in the years following the 1960’s. Artist, musicians and anti - establishment groups found a refuge in that era.

Those that settled in Adams Morgan during this period liked the community’s diversity, its cheaper rents, and lower h ousing prices and began to settle here on a more permanent basis. The large amount of available rental units were slowly but surely converted to cooperatives and condominiums and the relatively inexpensive housing stock became highly prized housing for urb an professionals.

Today, Adams Morgan, like many DC communities, is diverse, but less so than it was in its earlier periods, and it has lost much of its inexpensive housing and apartment stock to the new realities of the marketplace. Its townhouses and apartments are highly sought after by those wishing to enjoy urban living.

Its international shops and restaurants and its extensive night life continues to make it a destination for visitors from outside the city and residents of DC.

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Population Characteris tics

Total Population and Age

According to the 2010 census there were 16,435 persons living within the Adams Morgan boundaries. This number reflects the rather steady population census over the last 40 years. By contrast, DC as a whole had been losing population but is now on a growth curb city wide. We see a 50% decline in children living in the Adams Morgan catchment area from 14% of the population in 1980 to 7% according to the 2010 census. However, we are seeing a potential increase in children under 5, which should be born out in the 2015 interim Census.

Race and Ethnicity

Adams Morgan remains a racially diverse community when compared to other communities both East and West of Rock Creek Park. The 2010 census showed that is about 68% white; 13% Hi spanic; 12% African - American and 6.7% Asian. The Hispanic population has declined over the years and the African - American population has shown the biggest decline from 29% in 1990 to 12% today. The fastest growing population in Adams Morgan is Asians who h ave grown 5% since 1990.

See complete tables at: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4261292/All - Catholic - University - Maps

5% since 1990. See complete tables at: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4261292/All - Catholic - University - Maps 10

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Envision Adams Morgan Economic Development Executive Summary

Part I. The Residential Community

Adams Morgan is a vibrant and financially strong community making it one of the most affluent in Washington, DC. The Envision Team working on this project divided the Adams Morgan economic analysis into two parts. Part I examined the economic health of our residents and Part II looks at our commercial viability.

Adams Morgan’s median household income is above average for DC but below average of median household income for Northwest, DC. Our median household income for 2012 was $73,972, while median household income for all of the District of Columbia was $59,100, and for all of Northwest Washington it was $77,355 1 . Per capita income in 2012 for the 16,633 residents in Adams Morgan was $62,548, which brought over 1 billion dollars in income to the Adams Morgan community. By contrast, per capita income for the District of Columbia was $41,726. Per capita income is projected to rise to $74,191 in 2017, while the per capita income of the District o f Columbia is projected to rise to $48,534. Per annum capita income estimates for Adams Morgan are projected to bring $1.23 billion into the community by 2017.

Our income distribution finds our poorest residents are over age 75 with household income of les s than $15,000, while those with incomes in excess of $200,000 are between 45 and 54 years of age.

Part II: The Business Community

Adams Morgan is recognized as a vibrant entertainment zone with a mix of bars and restaurants that constitute an “evening economy” and a unique set of small retail businesses that serve both visitors and residents alike. The breakdown of our commercial businesses is:

303 businesses, 50 non- profits, and 12 government facilities. A further breakdown finds 108 food and beverage ou tlets, 68 retail establishments, and 125 services organizations.

1 Unless otherwise stated, the sourc e of data in the residents - part of this Phase 1 report is ESRI’s Community Analyst software, which can be accessed online at: http://www.esri.com/software/arcgis/community - analyst .

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In addition, neighborhood grocery needs are met by chain groceries -- Safeway, Harris Teeter, Metro Market and the Yes Organic food chain. An issue of continuing concern is the increasing rent levels in what were once affordable parts of the community which forces out small retail businesses in favor of nightlife clubs and other higher paying tenants.

We do not have the fiscal information on the economic impact that the business community bri ngs to Adams Morgan and to the District of Columbia, but we know that it is substantial and the hope that the retail, restaurant, and entertainment area will grow in a manner that is suitable to the businesses and the residents of Adams Morgan.

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Envision Adams Morgan Economic Status of Adams Morgan Introduction

The Economic Develo pment Working Group broke into two teams to prepare this report on the current economic status of Adams Morgan. The first team focused on describing the economic conditions of residents, and the second, composed of members of the business community and representative organizations, focused on describing the economic conditions of businesses in Adams Morgan. The report is thus divided into these two sections.

A. Current Economic Status of Adams Morgan Residents

1. Adams Morgan Median Household Income is above average for DC but below average f or NW

DC.

2012 Median Household Income in Adams Morgan was $73,972. By contrast 2012 Median Household Income for the District of Columbia was $59,100 while 2012 Median Household Income in northwest DC was 77,355. 2

With a per - capita income of $62,548, th e 16,633 residents of Adams Morgan brought over $1 billion in income to the Adams Morgan neighborhood in 2012. By contrast per - capita income for the District of Columbia in was $41,726, and per capita income for northwest DC was $52,110 in 2012.

Per capita income in Adams Morgan is projected to rise to $74,191 in 2017, whereas per capita income in DC is projected to rise to $48,534 and per capita income in northwest DC is projected to rise to $61,027 in 2017.

Thus, residents in Adams Morgan are thus projec ted to bring $1.23 billion into the neighborhood per annum by 2017 .

2 Unless otherwise stated, the source of data in the residents part of this Phase 1 report is ESRI’s Community Analyst software, which can be accessed online at: http://www.esri.com/software/arcgis/community - analyst . Using this software, the borders of ANC1C were used to circumscribe the neighborhood, and reports were then requested on the enclosed area.

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2. Distribution of Median Household Income in Adams Morgan. Median Household Income in Adams Morgan

2. Distribution of Median Household Income in Adams Morgan.

Median Household Income in Adams Morgan is roughly distributed in thirds, with a third of Adams Morgan households (32.6%) earning less than $50,000, a third (30.1%) earning between $50,000 and $100,000, and a final third (37.3%) earning over $100,000.

$100,000, and a final third (37.3%) earning over $100,000. Median Household Income in Adams Morgan is

Median Household Income in Adams Morgan is projected to rise to $85,252 by 2017, with a decrease in the number of households earning less than $75,000 from 50.5% to 42.4%, and an increase in

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households earning more than $75,000 from 49.5% to 57.5%. 3 The biggest increase is projected to occur in the number of households earning between $100,000 and $150,000, which is expected to increase by 2%.

$100,000 and $150,000, which is expected to increase by 2%. 3. Adams Morgan has wealthy middle

3. Adams Morgan has wealthy middle - aged residents and poorer seniors.

The distribution of 2012 Median Household Income across age groups shows that low - income households earning less than $15,000 per household are concentrated in those aged over 75, with almost 1 in 5 (19.1%) in this age - group earning less than $15,000. Those earning over $200,000 per household are primarily those aged between 45 and 54 years.

household are primarily those aged between 45 and 54 years. 3 Assuming a similar popul ation

3 Assuming a similar popul ation to that in 2012. Average Household size is projected to remain almost constant, from 1.65 in 2012 to 1.64 in 2017. (ESR I Household Income Profile). Unless otherwise stated, the source of projections in the residents- part of this Phase 1 report is ESR I’s Community Analyst software. Projected income is expressed in current dollars.

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5.

Adams Morgan has a poorer northeast.

The geographic distribution of 2012 Median Household Income across the neighborhood indicates that lower - income households are located in the northeast of Adams Morgan, with the lowest - income households found within a triangle bounded by Euclid Street to the south, Columbia Road to the northeast and 16 th Street NW to the east.

a triangle bounded by Euclid Street to the south, Columbia Road to the northeast and 16

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This pattern of a poorer northeast is supported by historical data showing higher levels of unemployment in this part of the neighborhood than elsewhere.

is supported by historical data showing higher levels of unemployment in this part of the neighborhood

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6.

Relatively strong Median Household Income growth in the northeast will still leave it relatively low - income compared to the rest of Adams Morgan in 2017.

Projections of Median Household Income growth between 2012 - 2017 claim a higher rate of growth for the lower - income northeastern corner of the neighborhood.

between 2012 - 2017 claim a higher rate of growth for the lower - income northeastern

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However 2017 Median Household Income projections indicate that the northeast will nonetheless remain relatively low - income while the northwest, specifically along the eastern shore of Rock Creek Park between Connecticut Avenue and Harvard Street NW, will experience higher Median Household Income than before.

Park between Connecticut Avenue and Harvard Street NW, will experience higher Median Household Income than before.

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B. Current Economic Status of Adams Morgan Businesses 4

Types of Organizations in Adams Morgan

Morgan Businesses 4 Types of Organizations in Adams Morgan Types of Organizations in Adams Morgan Businesses

Types of Organizations in Adams Morgan

Businesses Government Non - Profits

303

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Total Number of Organizations Identified

371

4 This data was c ollected by taking the Adams Morgan BID membership list and supplementing it with the observations and research of individual members of the Envision Adams M organ Economic Development Working Group. This description is as of April 2013.

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Types of Businesses in Adams Morgan

Types of Businesses in Adams Morgan Types of Businesses in Adams Morgan Food & Beverage Retail

Types of Businesses in Adams Morgan

Food & Beverage Retail Media Services

108

68

2

125

Total Number of Businesses Identified

303

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Types of Food & Beverage Businesses in Adams Morgan

Types of Food & Beverage Businesses in Adams Morgan Types of Food & Beverage in Adams

Types of Food & Beverage in Adams Morgan

Restaurant

80

Café

5

Bar

22

Bakery

1

Total Number of Food & Beverage Businesses Identified

108

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Types of Retail Businesses in Adams Morgan

Types of Retail Businesses in Adams Morgan Types of Retail Businesses in Adams Morgan Art Bicycle

Types of Retail Businesses in Adams Morgan

Art Bicycle Books Clothing Convenience Store Electronics Flowers Furniture Grocery Hardware Jewelry Liquor Misc Music News Pharmacy Phone

3

1

2

11

8

2

1

4

11

1

5

5

2

3

1

2

6

Total Number of Retail Businesses Identified

68

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Types of Service Businesses in Adams Morgan

Types of Service Businesses in Adams Morgan Types of Services In Adams Morgan Accommodation Architecture Art

Types of Services In Adams Morgan

Accommodation Architecture Art Automobile Banking Locksmith Health & Beauty Insurance, Tax & Accounting Laundry Legal Medical Misc. Parking Pet - care Photography Printing Real Estate Shipping Storage Travel

8

8

4

3

8

1

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7

12

8

9

2

2

3

1

1

6

1

1

6

Total Number of Service Businesses Identified

125

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Types of Non - Profits in Adams Morgan

Types of Non - Profits in Adams Morgan Types of Non - Profits In Adams Morgan

Types of Non - Profits In Adams Morgan

Arts Associations Development Education Health Housing International Development Religious Research Residential Social Services

3

8

2

3

6

5

5

5

3

12

4

Total Number of Non - Profits Identified

56

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Types of Government Organization in Adams Morgan

Types of Government Organization in Adams Morgan Types of Government Organizations in Adams Morgan Embassy 1

Types of Government Organizations in Adams Morgan

Embassy

1

Fire

2

Legal

1

Mail

2

Police

2

Recreation

2

School

2

Total Number of Government Organizations Identified

12

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Envision Adams Morgan Land Use, Zoning, and Historical Preservation Executive Summary

Adams Morgan has proven to be a strong lure for developers competing for the scarce available land while still being a vibrant destination for newcomers to the city and those already living in Washington who want to take advantage of the wonderful amenities of our community.

Adams Morgan is subject to zoning regulations governing growth and land use for commercial, industrial, and recreational areas of our community. Zoning classifications allow certain uses either by matter of right or through approvals granted by DC’s Board of Zoning Adjustment. This b oard issues waivers, denials, or approvals for most building projects in our community that require local and city approval.

The current codes most relevant to us include: (R)- low density, moderate density, and multi- unit residential; (C) Commercial; (SP )- Special Purpose; (CR) Commercial Restricted and (DD)- Downtown, Overlay and various zones. However, the entire zoning system is undergoing review to update the current code developed in 1958 -- one of the oldest in the country although it has been amended over 1,000 times.

Adams Morgan’s residential neighborhoods, which are predominately row houses with an intermixture of taller apartment buildings, is currently zoned (R - 5- B), which is a medium density zone, and (R - 5- D) a high density residential zone. Th ese two residential zones comprise the majority of land area in the neighborhood.

Historical Preservation

Adams Morgan is fortunate to have much of its historic character preserved through designated as Historical Districts. These districts are protected under the Historic Landmark and Historic District Protection Act of 1978. The Historical Preservation Review Board is charged with being the “watchdog” charged with keeping the historical character of our community.

Recently, however, the designation as historical districts has done little to protect the historic character of Adams Morgan. As profiled in a recent issue of the Kalorama Citizen’s Association (KCA Feb. 2013 - Issue 2), developers are being granted approval from the Historical Preservation Review Board to create large and inappropriate structures that are out of keeping with the historic character of the neighborhoods. The conversion of what were once row houses into

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multi - unit dwellings has aroused community concern and a desire to develop strategies to address this challenge before we lose the historical character of our community.

Our commercial strips have several zone designations. The lower end of 18 th Street along Florida Avenue is zoned C - 2- A, meaning a relatively low- density mixed use commercial. A higher density commercial zone, C - 2- B, begins half way up 18 th Street and encompasses the intersection of 18 th Street and Columbia Road. The C - 2- B zone continues along Columbia Road. This designation corresponds to the Adams Morgan BID area. The Washington Hilton is the site of the only medium- high density, C - 3- C , zone within Adams Morgan.

Our community has two predominate zoning overlays that protect and encourage specific usages needed in a community without having to change the underlying zoning designations. The most noted zoning overlay, the Reed - Cooke Overlay, encourages new but measured development while protecting the neighborhood’s rich characteristics. Adams Morgan also includes a Diplomatic Overlay created to comply with the Foreign Missions Act, which allows for the location of chanceries with the approval of the Board of Zoning Adjustments.

A critical concern for Adams Morgan residents is the DC Office of Planning’s Zoning Regulations Review which could potentially impact our current status quo. Inside this section the reader will find an analysis of the proposed changes that have been developed by several knowledgeable individuals and civic organizations based in Adams Morgan.

See maps at: http://www.scribd.com/collections/3615354/Land - Use- Zoning - Working- Group

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This analysis was originally done by Ann and Larry Hargrove in March and then updated in April 2013 based on the proposed ZRR draft that was available at that time. The Hargroves are working on an other update.

Zoning Regulations Review

Background on the Zoning Regulations Review

DC’s Zoning Regulation Review exercise, which has been going on since 2007 aims at massive revision of the current zoning Regulations, which date from 1958 and have been often and extensively amended.

Status update . It is now nearing the final stages, following submission of a complete proposed draft for the ZRR by the DC Office of Planning (OP) to the Zoning Commission on July 29, 2013. The Zoning Commission has now begun public hearings on the draft text and will eventually vote on it.

Various neighborhoods actively consulted with OP to secure changes they see to be in their interests in the final draft in order to avoid being compelled to take on the greater burden of convincing the Zoning Commission to alter provisions that OP has recommended. OP, being a part of the Executive Branch, is politically accountable, at least in theory; the Zoning Commission, as an appointed body established by the District’s charter, is not, and the burden of convincing it on any given point may be much heavier.

The general thrust of OP’s proposals, for areas like Adams Morgan, has been toward greater commercialization of residential areas, discouraging the provision of parking, and possibly some increase in density, with little if any effort specifically aimed at helping neighborhoods preserve the physical character and general ambience of their neighborhoods. This has been done in large part expressly for purposes having to do with promoting environmental sustainability through goa ls such as “walkable neighborhoods” and diminished automobile use. It goes without saying that these are laudable in the abstract, but they can go badly awry in the particular case if a neighborhood’s special distinguishing characteristics are not taken into account.

Problem areas. We would suggest the following as of special concern to Adams Morgan; the list is not necessarily exhaustive.

1. The proposal to allow a wide variety of commercial and other non- residential uses in Adams Morgan residential neighborhoods. As of fall 2012, broad categories of uses were to be allowed in residential zones by the relatively easily available device of

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“special exception”. These included “eating and drinking establishments”, “retail”, “service”, and “arts design and creation”, each of which in turn includes a list of specific uses ranging from pawn shops to beer and wine carryouts to metal working shops to fast food joints to real estate offices. They were to be allowed to locate anyplace farther than 500 feet (about 1 block) from our commercial areas (which are C2- A and - B “mixed use” zones).

From as far back as 2009, when the Kalorama Citizens Association adopted a resolution on the subject, this proposal has drawn opposition from Adams Morgan and Dupont Circle on the grounds that our neighborhood is already superbly “walkable.” We have long struggled to maintain the character and population of our residential neighborhoods and people doing business or investing in our commercial strips don’t need competition from nearby residential blocks.

Also, the proposed text would carry forward an archaic provision that allows any big (10,000 SF or more) historica lly designated building to be converted to office use. It was originally designed to allow adaptive re- use of ungainly old mansions. But in Adams Morgan it would allow any medium- sized or larger apartment buildings in our historic districts to be turned over to office use, and should be stricken.

April update : We understand that this provision will be dropped from the residential zones

found in Adams Morgan (presently R- 5- B and D).

Present status: In response to various objections, OP modified the text by enlarging the 500- foot buffer to a quarter- mile (1320 ft.), which would probably protect all of Adams Morgan’s residential neighborhoods as well as Dupont Circle’s. The problem is that, possibly inadvertently, they omitted some of the commercial uses mentioned above (e.g. “eating and drinking establishments”, among others) from the list of uses subject to the quarter- mile buffer. OP has promised to correct that omission, at least as to all but “office”, but has not yet done so in the published text as of April 2013.

April update : We understand that these problems will be corrected in OP’s next draft and OP

will “continue to work with communities on details”.

2. Removal of minimum parking requirements. Adams Morgan will be a “Transit Zone” by reaso n of proximity to a Metro stop and or major bus facility, and thus will have no requirements that buildings have a minimum number of parking spaces. Adams Morgan’s special problems as to parking – grossly excessive demand and inadequate supply – are well known, and OP has already heard some concerns from Adams Morgan (e.g. a KCA resolution). This does seem an area appropriate for exempting Adams Morgan – particularly in light of the fact that it has been relatively easy to get Board of Zoning Adjustment variances from parking minimums, and is likely to continue to be.

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3.

Possible erosion of requirements for allotment of space to residential use in

our commercial strips. Our mixed - use commercial strips are part of what defines the character of Adams Morgan . The whole point of a mixed use zone is that buildings be just that: that they

maintain a portion for residential space together with space devoted to commercial use (usually on the lower floor or floors). There has often been pressure from some property owners on our strips to get around the requirement and enlarge the proportion of commercial use.

OP’s current proposals do not change the general rule as to the required ratio between residential floor area and commercial floor area in our C2- A and C2- B z ones. (Nor do they change the current height limits, currently 50 and 65 feet, respectively.) But they include some new conditions which appear to allow exceptions that would diminish or in some cases eliminate the requirement. We suggest that these should be scrutinized very carefully, with a view to what impact they could have on the character of our commercial strips in five or ten years’ time.

The April draft eliminated maximum percentage of lot occupancy requirements for both zones in

Adams Morgan including Reed - Cooke. It is not clear what good purpose his would serve. The

draft allows increased height and overall Floor Area Ratio (FAR) in C2- B if Inclusionary Zoning

requirements (regarding provision of less- than - market- rate dwelling units) are met. One strange

and possibly mis- drafted provision would appear to allow any small or medium- sized building in

C2- A to have two floor of commercial use without regard to the ratio between non- residential

and residential space in the building.

4. ZRR and issue s of the scale and density of Adams Morgan residential

neighborhood; possible downzoning

The problem here is not so much what the proposed regulations do , as it is what they should do that they fail to do. For a decade or more Adams Morgan has seen, even in historically designated residential areas, a steady flow of row house redevelopment projects aimed at cramming in as many dwelling units as the market will bear and the Regulations allow. This is done usually by turning existing row houses into structures grotesquely out of scale with their neighbors in height, mass or both, and often defacing the building in the process. The process has continued unabated during the recession. Folks in every part of Adams Morgan have struggled or are struggling to cope with individual projects, often with help from the ANC, KCA or impromptu coalitions. Historic preservation will protect facades in the designated Historic Districts, but can discourage this sort of over- development only around the margins.

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The current Co mprehensive Plan, produced in 2006, which provides that zoning “shall not be inconsistent,” contains numerous provisions specifically aimed at protecting row house areas from this sort of over- redevelopment (Note by Larry: These were generated for the most part by Ann Hargrove’s presence on the Comprehensive Plan Task Force.) Nevertheless, OP’s draft does little if anything at present to address the problem and to some extent exacerbates it, as seen above.

One Comprehensive Plan provision aims at provid ing residential areas such as Adams Morgan, which are zoned R5- B or higher, a tool for addressing this problem on a block- by- block or even area- wide basis. This is to split the current R- 4 zone into two sub - zones, A and B. Current R5- B and D zoning found in Adams Morgan has no limits on the number of units. R- 4 has a limit of two units. R4- B would have a somewhat higher limit on the number of units – perhaps four – and might differ from the current R- 4 in other respects to make it more consistent with current actual conditions on the ground in Adams Morgan row houses overall. But it would retain the current R- 4 height limit of 40 feet, whereas R5- B has a limit of 50 feet and R5- D 70. Some conversion to R- 4 has already taken place in Dupont Circle and elsewhere, and some of our neighbors are now actively pursuing this option. (This will be part of an effort Denis James is organizing within KCA on protecting our historic districts.)

R- 4 zoning is currently described as “those areas now developed primarily with row dwellings, but within which there have been a substantial number of conversions of the dwellings into dwellings for two (2) or more families” – which accurately describes much of Adams Morgan. For homeowners whose block- faces would quali fy, such a conversion would reduce the maximum allowable height and place a future limit on the number of dwelling units that a row house could contain. It would thus put an end to the practice of tacking unsightly, out of scale top - knots or overbearing rear extensions on a row house in order to cram in seven or eight or more tiny units, and would help to retain single- or dual - family occupancy as a significant component of our row house neighborhoods.

What needs to happen now with ZRR is to get OP to implement this Comprehensive Plan provision by including a split R- 4 in the proposed regulations. The job of getting sections of Adams Morgan row houses actually rezoned would come later, and would require a concerted effort on the part of residents concerned as well as the ANC and other groups.

April update : We understand that provisions answering to the mandate for a revised R- 4 will be

included in some form in OP’s next draft. For Adams Morgan residents interested in possibly

downzoning from the present R- 5, the problem will be to ensure that the current R- 5 is dealt

with in as satisfactory a manner as possible in the new draft, but at the same time to ensure

that a new row house zone derived from R- 4 really meets our needs. The latter will be much

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more read ily done if we are able to work with OP on perfecting the new zone before the draft is

finalized .
finalized .

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THE REED - COOKE OVERLAY

The Reed - Cooke (RC) Overlay District was established to protect existing housing and provide for the development of new housing; maintain heights and densities at appropriate levels, encourage small - scale business development that will not adversely affect the residential community; ensure that new nonresidential uses serve the local community by providing retail goods, personal services, and other activities that contribute to the satisfaction of unmet social, service, and employment needs in the Reed - Coo ke and Adams - Morgan community, and protect adjacent and nearby residences from damaging traffic, parking, environmental, social, and aesthetic impacts. The maximum height permitted in the RC Overlay District shall not exceed forty feet (40 ft.) plus roof structure as defined in this title; provided, that in the RC/C- 2- B Overlay District, a maximum height of fifty feet (50 ft.), plus roof structures, shall be permitted to provide for the on - site construction of low and moderate income household units for a total gross floor area equal to fifty percent (50%) of the additional gross floor area made possible by the height bonus. No planned unit development shall exceed the matter- of - right height, bulk, and area requirements of the underlying district. Where there are conflicts between this chapter and the underlying zone district, the more restrictive regulations shall govern. For more information, including prohibited uses and allowable Inclusionary Zoning modifications, see Chapter 14 of the Zoning Regulations.

including prohibited uses and allowable Inclusionary Zoning modifications, see Chapter 14 of the Zoning Regulations.

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Envision Adams Morgan Transportation Working Group Executive Summary

The neighborhood now called Adams Morgan began to be urbanized in the late 19 th century as public transportation started to make the area more accessible to the already settled areas of Washington City. Distance from the center and the rise in elevation had until then limited development in the area to large estates. With the coming of electric streetcars in 1892, the neighborhood’s first housing boom took off. The history of Ada ms Morgan has been closely linked with transportation concerns ever since. In 2006, a comprehensive report on Adams Morgan’s transportation problems was done as part of the preparation for the eventual 18 th Street Streetscape project. Many of the recommendations of that report regarding 18 th Street were either implemented or were discarded after careful study. However, the problems identified outside of the immediate streetscape area largely still exist and that study served as a baseline for the transportation working group’s report which covered mass transit and more individual forms of transportation: private cars, bicycles, and walking.

The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) provides most of the mass transit for Adams Morgan through its Metro bus and subway system. In addition to the Metro system, Adams Morgan is served by: the Circulator bus system that is the product of a public/private partnership between the DC Department of Transportation (DDOT); DC Surface Transit, Inc.; and, the various Business Improvement Districts in DC. Overall, the working group concluded that Adams Morgan is well served by DC’s mass transit systems although improvements would be useful in some areas.

The 2006 report made clear that the increasing number of cars coming into Adams Morgan is more than the street network can absorb resulting in insufficient parking spaces for residents and visitors. Too many cars entering Adams Morgan with nowhere to park has the potential to create a safety problem with traffic jams and congestion that reduce the ability of emergency vehicles to move quickly. In Adams Morgan there has been a very limited adoption of traffic calming strategies compared to some other DC neighborhoods. Parking meters already exist in most of th e commercial areas of Adams Morgan, however, the time that the meters are in use as well as the cost could be adjusted based on demand to further ease congestion. The use of peak- load pricing (also known as performance parking) has begun to be implemented in DC and might be a useful option for Adams Morgan.

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Bicycles are an important – and growing – mode of transportation in Adams Morgan and across DC. The working group felt that Adams Morgan is well - served by the Capital Bikeshare program, which has five stations in the neighborhood and another close by.

Adams Morgan, with its close in - town location, is an area that generally has a very good layout for pedestrian travel. Since walking was the basic neighborhood mode of travel when Adams Morgan was first d eveloped, all of the streets of the area were designed to have sidewalks, and over the years any new work has been generally well - planned with respect to pedestrian travel, and mostly well maintained.

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ENVISION ADAMS MORGAN WORKING GROUP ON TRANSPORTATION ISSUES

INTRODUCTION

The neighborhood now called Adams Morgan began to be urbanized in the late 19 th century as public transportation started to make the area more accessible to the already settled areas of Washington City. Distance from th e center and the rise in elevation had until then limited development in the area to large estates. With the coming of electric streetcars in 1892 the neighborhood’s first housing boom took off. The history of Adams Morgan has been closely linked with transportation concerns ever since. In 2006 a comprehensive report on Adams Morgan’s transportation problems was done as part of the preparation for the eventual 18 th Street Streetscape project. 5 Many of the recommendations of that report regarding 18 th Street were implemented or were discarded after careful study. However, the problems identified outside of the immediate streetscape area largely still exist and the study, which was funded by the Federal Highway Administration (FHA), will serve as a baseline for the Envision Adams Morgan working group study. This note will look in turn at mass transit in Adams Morgan and then at more individual forms of transportation: private cars, bicycles and walking. 6

MASS TRANSIT The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) -- provides the Adams Morgan area with its basic public transportation system in the form of the Metro Bus System and the Metro Subway System that provide service for both able bodied and handicapped passengers. A complex system of gran ts and payments from three regional authorities, plus that of the Federal Highway Administration and the District Department of Transportation (DDOT) primarily fund the WMATA system. The US Congress, the DC Council, the National Capitol Planning Commission (NCPC) and the Metropolitan Council of Governments (COG) also impact WMATA’s plans and policies. WMATA is the Federal, state, and district statutory authority as the area’s lead planning and coordinating body for transportation matters. The DC Public Scho ol (DCPS) system is also a major provider of bus services for school children in Adams Morgan and citywide, and various agencies, including WMATA, provide special jitneys for elderly and handicapped

WMATA, provide special jitneys for elderly and handicapped 5 18 t h Street Adams Morgan Transportation

5 18 th Street Adams Morgan Transportation and Parking Study Final Recommendations Report , HNTB District of Columbia, P.C., March 2006. This report drew on Adams - Morgan Parking, Transit and Traffic Improvement Design Project , 1991. http://www.scribd.com/collections/3615360/Transportation - and - Transit - Working - Group

6 Tables a nd a map from the ESRI Community Analyst on transportation in Adams Morgan will be available on the working group’s website. http://www.scribd.com/collection s/3615360/Transportation - and - Transit - Working - Group

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passengers for both point- to - point travel and connections to bus stops and subway stations.

Metro Buses

Adams Morgan is presently served by 13 bus routes traveling north/south on 16th and 18th Streets and Connecticut Avenue (from California to Florida) and east/west on Columbia Road. This represents a reduction of five routes from those listed in the 2006 study and the addition of two new rush hour buses, the 43 on Columbia Road and the S9 on 16th Street. This is in contrast to the 2006 DDOT report, which recommended overall enhanced bus service for Adams Morgan. Recent developments have also featured the elimination of any non- rush hour and weekend bus service between the Taft Bridge and the Connecticut Avenue Hilton. The only positive improvement in bus service for Adams Morgan has been the Circulator connection traveling between Woodley Park and Columbia Heights through Adams Morgan (see below) to McPherson Square.

through Adams Morgan (see below) to McPherson Square. Current problems with bus service, in addition to

Current problems with bus service, in addition to that now experienced by Connecticut Avenue residents, includes:

* lack of on - time buses and the absence of real time displays of “estimated arrival times” for all Metro buses at bus stops and shelters-- like the displays at Metro subway stations. Happily, a contract was finally awarded in February 2013 by DDOT to get this service operational;

*morning, late afternoon, and evening rush hour problems with 42s and S2 and S4 buses that are too jam- packed to stop for additional passengers, especially on16th Street for the S buses, and Connecticut Avenue for the 42 -- and sometimes the 43, a rush hou r bus that has been recently added and has served to greatly improve Columbia Road and Connecticut Avenue service. In addition, these problems are beginning to be alleviated on the S line by the addition of two southbound S2 and S4 buses on 16th Street that start at Euclid Street and terminate at Farragut Square. These additional buses operate between the hours of 7:45 and 9:15 a.m.; further, additional Metro buses, including stretch buses, are being provided for the evening northbound rush hour and late ni ght employment shift changes along the 16th Street corridor between P Street and Park Road; scheduling changes that reflect service- worker shift changes on the 42 line are badly needed;

*frequency remains a problem even on the good lines, especially in the late evening-- north bound for service workers and south bound for entertainment venue travelers;

*“bunching” remains a problem on the 42/43, S1/S2/S4 and 90s lines;

*basic maintenance of fare card machines on all of the older buses and cleanliness on the 18th and Florida/U 90 buses is poor;

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* comfort and operating conditioning on the new Metro buses is a great improvement. Older Metro buses do not always have operating air conditioning and have very uncomfortable seats;

*at many of the stops, DPW has placed trash collection receptacles directly in front of where passengers get on and off the bus;

*there are too few bus shelters and too few bus stops. The DDOT report strongly supported more bus shelters but recommended fewer bus stops;

supported more bus shelters but recommended fewer bus stops; *signage, esp ecially indicating bus routes that

*signage, esp ecially indicating bus routes that stop at Metro subway stations, should be improved. This was another strong recommendation from the DDOT report and remains to be implemented. The only major implementation has been the inclusion of “through Adams Morgan” on buses and subway stops;

*the absence of informational outreach informing Adams Morgan residents and visitors of the routes and schedules of such little known Metro buses as the H1 (the rush hour bus that runs through Adams Morgan on Columbia Road and C onnecticut Avenue between Brookland and Potomac Park) and how to transfer to Dupont Circle buses when traveling to Georgetown and Howard Universities and to Sibley and Georgetown Hospitals using P and Q Street bus stops for the D2 and the G2, for example, and where to catch the Circulator bus to the Georgetown business district; the stop is below Dupont Circle on 19th and N Streets.

*the lack of traffic safety improvements, especially at the dangerous intersections of 18th at Columbia and Adams Mill Roads and that of Florida Avenue and U/Vernon Streets. There are also current safety concerns regarding the sharing of center lanes among turning vehicles, large delivery trucks, and Metro buses on 18th Street and Columbia Road. The only safety improvement datin g from the DDOT 2006 report is the elimination of the slip lane for right turns from Columbia onto Adams Mill, which has the unintended consequence of making it difficult for buses turning left from Columbia Road and pedestrians crossing Adams Mill and 18t h Street.

Other recent improvements have included the introduction of SmartTrip cards for bus as well as subway usage and the elimination of paper transfers.

Metro Subway System

Metro’s subway system is a joy for users -- when it is fully operational and is running on schedule; otherwise it is simply tolerable. Fundamental problems include:

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*poor maintenance of all aspects of the system-- especially rails and switching mechanisms, passenger cars, and escalators and elevators and including, surprisingl y, the integrity of subway station walls and ceilings;

*a poor safety record system- wide, with major incidents at both Dupont Circle and Woodley Park stations (not to mention the tragic accident in June of 2009 near Takoma Park where 9 people died);

*Metro’s unpreparedness for snow and ice, causing it to shut down above ground service while below ground continues in full operation;

*infrequent trains on holidays and weekends, especially when major track work and maintenance is scheduled;

when major track work and maintenance is scheduled; *the failure of WMATA to aggressively lead in

*the failure of WMATA to aggressively lead in the development and coordination of a systematic approach to shuttle and feeder buses to subway stations;

*the lack of funds that would enable WMATA to run any kind of 24 hour, seven day a week schedule.

DCPS and Specia l Needs Bus Services

More needs to be done to ensure that safety and timeliness are at high performance levels in these important areas of bus and subway services.

Fares in the WMATA System

Only seniors and young students get good deals on public transp ortation fares within the District; fares are especially onerous on those who commute to work from beyond the District line. For low- wage workers, who are forced into the outer suburbs due to housing costs, this disproportionate transportation cost as a co ndition of work is egregiously unfair.

Circulator Bus Service

The Circulator's distinct red buses are unlike any other public transit service around town— with low floors, big windows and multiple doors for easy on - and - off service. Also, passengers don't need a bus schedule; the Circulator comes every 10 minutes and each ride only costs $1. Metrorail riders using SmartTrip cards are also eligible for discounted transfer fares.

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The Circulator is the product of a unique public/private partnership between the District Department of Transportation, DC Surface Transit, Inc. and the various Business Improvement Districts (BIDs) throughout DC. The idea for a quick, efficient, low- cost, public- transit system originated in the National Capital Planning Commission's 1997 "Extending the Legacy: Planning America's Capital for the 21st Century" vision for the District. The Downtown Business Improvement District (Downtown BID) was an early champion of its implementation.

Now more than a decade later the DC Circulator is expanding to link cultural, entertainment and business destinations within the city's central core and District neighborhoods. Two new routes were added in March 2009 and the most recent, in October 2011. Now there are five Circulator routes in all, providing easy connections to neighborhoods throughout the District and into Rosslyn, Virginia. This dynamic transit system promotes ease of movement in our world- class capital city and complements Metro's transit services throughout the region.

The Wood ley Park- Adams Morgan - McPherson Square route was added in March 2009. The route hours are:

Sunday - Thursday: 7am – Midnight and Friday and Saturday: 7am – 3:30am.

It makes stops in the following locations in Adams Morgan:

Originating at Woodley Park in the direction of McPherson Square

18th St. NW/Calvert Road Columbia Rd/Ontario Street NW

Originating at McPherson Square in the direction of Woodley Park

Columbia Rd NW/Ontario Street Columb ia Rd/18th St. NW/Adams Mill Road

Since the Woodley Park/Adams Morgan/McPherson Square route began in March of 2009, the peak monthly ridership was 152,700 passengers in October 2011. The average monthly ridership on this route is about 130,000 passengers.

Streetcar Service 7

7 Sources: http://ddot.dc.gov/DC/DDOT/About+DDOT/Publications/DC+Transit+Future

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In the first half of the twentieth century, the District had a robust streetcar network with more than 200 miles of track and multiple companies providing service. But, like many US cities, the District shelved the streetcars in favor of buses and the last day of streetcar service in the city was January 28, 1962.

Today, many regret the shortsighted decision - making that silenced streetcar lines across the country and streetcars are now making a comeback. Streetcars are running once again in places like Portland, Seattl e, and Tampa and they’ve been credited with boosting economic development along their routes.

Here in the District, the streetcar construction that is underway now is rooted in a planning process that began several years ago to shape the future of transit in the city. The comprehensive District of Columbia Transit Improvements Alternatives Analysis (DCAA) studied gaps in transit and identified ways to better meet the needs of residents. Out of that, DDOT began focusing on expanding transit service with the DC Circulator, express Metro bus routes, bus rapid transit, and streetcar.

The streetcar offers an array of benefits. First, it will make it easier for residents to move between neighborhoods. It will also spur economic development. Unlike buses, fixed rail lines have demonstrated they can be catalysts to attract investments in housing, retail and com mercial properties.

The goals of the new DC Streetcar system are simple:

Link neighborhoods with a modern, convenient and attractive transportation alternative (basically streetcar is ‘sexy’ and studies have shown that people who won’t ride the bus will ride the streetcar).

Provide quality service to attract and reach new transit ridership.

Offer a broader range of transit options for District residents

Reduce short inner- city auto trips, parking demand, traffic congestion, and air pollution.

Encourage eco nomic development and affordable housing options along streetcar corridors.

Without streetcars, the prospects for public transportation in the District are much less promising. The forecast calls for a 32 percent increase in the number of transportation trips in the District by 2030. Already, many Metro bus routes and Metrorail lines are operating at or above capacity, and congestion on two Metrorail lines was expected to become “unmanageable” by 2013. It is clear there is a need for more transit service and the DC Streetcar is an investment that will pay tremendous dividends for District residents.

The DC Streetcar Development Plan is organized into three phases:

First Phase – includes Anacostia Line, H and Benning Road, along with Union Station/Mount Verno n Square, K Street, M Street SE, MLK Jr Avenue, and Lower Georgia Avenue.

Second Phase – includes Georgia Avenue, Congress Heights, Florida Avenue, U Street to Calvert Street (Adams Morgan portion), Rhode Island Avenue South and North and Georgetown.

Thi rd Phase – includes Minnesota Avenue, Bolling AFB, Columbia Road (Adams Morgan portion), Michigan Avenue and 7 th Street.

There is not a timeline yet for the second and third phases that would include Adams Morgan streets.

AUTOMOBILES

The 2006 DDOT report made clear that too many cars are coming into Adams Morgan for the street network to absorb and that there are insufficient parking spaces for residents and visitors alike. Mayor Gray’s transportation vision for DC also encourages less reliance on the automobile and more walking and use of public transportation. Too many cars entering Adams Morgan with nowhere to park creates a volume of traffic on the streets and aggressive behavior on the part of the drivers generating a safety problem.

Many of the problems created by too many cars such as speeding, illegal turns, illegal parking, creation of ad hoc loading zones, and ignoring red lights, stops signs and pedestrian crosswalks are against the law. The view of many residents is that the Metropolitan Police Department does not adequately enforce the existing traffic laws.

In Adams Morgan there has been a very limited adoption of traffic calming strategies compared to some other DC neighborhoods. Traffic calming devices include roundabouts, speed bumps, speed cameras, rumble strips, pedestrian refuge areas, raised crosswalks, and one- way streets. The 18 th Street streetscape project led to some marginal improvements along that thoroughfare but otherwise calming efforts are mostly absent fro m Adams Morgan other than speed bumps on Lanier Place and on Champlain Street under the Marie Reed School’s overpass. In contrast, in Sheridan - Kalorama there are speed bumps on Kalorama Road and California Street.

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There is a limited network of one- way st reets in Adams Morgan compared to the Dupont- Logan Circle area where a large number of crosstown streets are one- way. Such streets can calm traffic but the 2006 report did not recommend the expansion of the existing network taking the view that the cons largely counterbalanced the pros. However, the increasing volume of traffic has exacerbated the problems on narrow streets since that time. The one- way street in front of Harris - Teeter helped that area with the higher traffic volume. With the construction of the Adams Morgan Historic Hotel, traffic will increase on Champlain and Euclid Streets. New housing along 17 th Street will also increase traffic volume. Additional one- way streets could also reduce the opportunities for taxis and others to circle the n eighborhood excessively.

taxis and others to circle the n eighborhood excessively. The 2006 report devoted considerable time to

The 2006 report devoted considerable time to looking at the gateways to Adams Morgan, specifically the intersections of 18 th Street with Columbia Road and Florida Avenue. While views differ on their effectiveness, some improvements were made at Florida Avenue and 18 th Street. Except for the backlogs of cars coming north on 18 th Street turning right on Florida having a problem because the right- turn lane is very short, the situation was improved in that area, particularly for pedestrian safety. However, the intersection of 18 th and Columbia is still unsatisfactory. For a number of reasons including the large expanse of the intersection, cars often don’t yield to pedestrians.

Recently the community has learned that Columbia Road between Champlain Street and Mozart Place will become even more heavily used for loading zones with the construction of new condos and retail space at the location of the old Ontario Theater. DDOT needs to clarify the rules for loading zones along 18 th Street and Columbia Road (e.g., is unloading from the middle of the street legal? Are there time restrictions?) and MPD needs to enforce the law.

Parking

Parking meters exist in most of the commercial areas of Adams Morgan and so there appears to be limited scope for increasing the coverage area. However, the time that the meters are in use as well as the cost could be changed. The use of peak- load pricing (also

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However, the time that the meters are in use as well as the cost could be

known as performance parking) has begun to be implemented in DC and would appear to be a usefu l option for Adams Morgan. However, peak pricing would only make sense if the meters were in use during Adams Morgan’s peak hours including weekday evenings and on weekends.

Garage space— there is very limited off- street paid parking in Adams Morgan. Presently there are 254 garage spaces at 1711 Florida Avenue and 271 spaces in the 18 th Street garage in Adams Morgan. Given land usage there would appear to be little scope for increasing the number of commercial parking garages in Adams Morgan. However, the effect on parking should be taken into consideration as the community discusses development projects for 1711 Florida Avenue, which is currently a parking garage. In the past, the redevelopment of the Marie Reed Community Center has been discussed including the construction of a parking garage. Such a re- development project would likely face community opposition for a number of reasons. To encourage daytime business in Adams Morgan there is a daytime parking discount at the 18 th Street garage. With valid ation from any Adams Morgan business (no purchase necessary) customers can park for up to 4 hours for $7 (5 p.m. exit required) or up to 2 hours for $3. This is available 7 days a week.

or up to 2 hours for $3. This is available 7 days a week. In 2012,

In 2012, the DC Council finalized legislative changes to the Residential Parking Program (RPP) program in Adams Morgan that provides for supplying each of the roughly 7,000 households within ANC1C (Adams Morgan) with a visitor pass putting further pressure on available street parking. The new regulations also created resi dent - only parking on one side of streets designated RPP. Given that RPP is only in effect during 7:30 am- 8: 30 pm during weekdays when parking is not in such short supply, the institution of the residents’ only zones did not have a large effect. It did however put big pressure on local nonprofit organizations that rely on volunteers driving to assist them during the day. Following the community process that Georgetown used for managing its parking regulations could be a good example for Adams Morgan.

Recently the DC Office of Planning has proposed to remove the requirement for developers to provide “minimum” amounts of parking in certain newly named zones (i.e. mixed - use transit zones and apartment transit zones) and locations close to Metro stops or high service bus corridors. This step may not be suited for an area such as Adams Morgan where parking is in short supply. However, this is consistent with the DC Office of Planning and DDOT’s objectives

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to reduce the number of vehicles driving the streets of DC and encourage people to use mass- transit and other means of transportation.

to use mass- transit and other means of transportation. Recently the issue of valet parking has

Recently the issue of valet parking has arisen in part because of the unsatisfactory conduct of one of the operators of valet service. If the vision for Adams Morgan is one of reducing the number of cars entering Adams Morgan, particularly during the entertainment zones peak hours, then increasing the use of valet parking may be questionable. Taxis would seem to be an attractive alternative. Alternatively, valet can be seen as a positive amenity that helps discourage drivers from circling looking for parking. Some high - end restaurants across the city rely heavily on valet parking to bring customers to them.

Finally, the reservation of certain spaces for car- share companies such as ZipCar is a parking issue, but this subject is covered in another portion of the working group’s report. Whether or not ZipCar parking should be allowed at public parking locations is a subject of controversy.

BICYCLES

Bicycles are an important – and growing – mode of transportation in Adams Morgan and across DC. As evidenced by DC’s Bicycle Master Plan (April 2005), Adams Morgan Transportation and Parking Study (March 2006), and the Mayor’s Vision for a Sustainable DC, our city government is intent on promoting and expanding bicycle use throughout the District. For example, in his sustainable vision plan, the Mayor set a goal that by 2032 at least 75% of all trips originating in the city wil l be by walking, biking, transit, or other clean transportation alternative, and that the District will complete 80 miles of bike lanes.

and that the District will complete 80 miles of bike lanes. The promotion of bicycles is

The promotion of bicycles is also evident in the city’s rapidly growing Capital Bikeshare program, which was launched in August 2008 and now includes over 175 stations providing over 1670 bicycles to over 24,000 annual members in DC and Northern Virginia. In Adams Morgan, there are 6 Capital Bikeshare stations.

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Within the last five years, other than Capital Bikeshare, the Streetscape Project has likely had the largest impact on bicycles in Adams Morgan. For example, the project created bike lanes, provided additional bike racks, and created bicycle- friendly traffic calming intersections.

We now have bicycle lanes along the major streets of Adams Morgan, including the following locations:

Calvert Street, going to Rock Creek Park and its bike path

Columbia Road

And several secondary streets, such as Euclid Street, W Street and Adams Mill Road.

One problem, tho ugh, that cyclists sometimes encounter concerns the continuity of the local bike lanes, which on occasion will fairly abruptly disappear from the street, or will shift their location on the roadway without notice.

or will shift their location on the roadway without notice. The Capital Bikeshare program of rental

The Capital Bikeshare program of rental b ikes has been expanding with stations now at 18 th Street and Columbia Road; at Columbia Road and Belmont Road; on 18 th Street outside of the Marie Reed Center; at 16 th Street at Harvard; and at the intersection of Florida Avenue and Ontario Road. Additi onally, the street- surface “bike” logo or “sharrow” has been placed along many major streets. A sharrow (a blend of share and arrow) is a shared - lane marking on a lane of a paved road's surface indicating that bicyclists may use any portion of the full width of the lane.

There are also a number of bike racks throughout Adams Morgan, especially at Columbia and Ontario near the offices of the Washington Area Bicyclist Association (WABA), and at the Marie Reed Center. The number of racks continues to grow.

Looking to the future, bicycles offer a healthy, clean form of transportation that has the potential to ease significantly the burdens of traffic and pollution. However, this growth must be done responsibly. In a multi - modal transportation system such as ours, expanding cycling not only has costs (e.g., signage, bike racks, and bike lanes), but may also increase safety hazards and risks. Without the proper facilities and rules in place, cyclists pose increased safety risks to themselves and others, inclu ding pedestrians and drivers. This safety concern is particularly relevant to Adams Morgan, which, according to the 2006 study, had some of the higher - volume bike crash locations in the District.

Other items for consideration:

Bicycle Safety and Access

DC Law & Legislative History Bicycle Policy Modernization Amendment Act of 2008

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Bicycle Registration Reform Amendment Act of 2008 Bicycle Safety Amendment Act of 2008 Child Helmet Safety Amendment Act of 2000

DC Municipal Regulation DCMR 18- 12: Bicycles, Motorized Bicycles, and Miscellaneous Vehicles

General Information

DC Bike Program Fact Sheet Summer 2012

Safe Bicycling in the Washington Area Brochure

Standards & Specifications Bicycle Facility Design Guide

Transportation Plans & Studies

DC Bicycle Master Plan

Bicycle Parking

DC Law & Legislative History Bicycle Commuter and Parking Expansion Amendment Act of 2007 Bicycle Commuter and Parking Expansion Amendment Act of 2010

DC Municipal Regulation DCMR 11- 2119: Off - Street Parking Requirements DCMR 18- 1208: Bicycles Racks DCMR 18- 1209: Parking Bicycles on Public Space DCMR 18- 1210: Removal of Bicycles from Public Space DCMR 18- 4028: Bicycle Racks

General Information FAQ: Bike Racks & Other Street Furniture Mayoral Order Bicycle Commuter and Parking E xpansion Amendment Act of 2007

Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) Bicycle Rack Placement in Public Space

Standards & Specifications Bicycle Rack Design Guide Bicycle Parking Guidelines

Bicycle Rack Design Guide Bicycle Parking Guidelines WALKING Adams Morgan, with its close in - town

WALKING Adams Morgan, with its close in - town location, is an area that generally has a very good layout for pedestrian travel. The Adams Morgan locale is made up of four distinct, smaller neighborhoods which were all built up about 1900 when walking was the natural and typical way of getting around locally.

Today we are also fortunate that the District government is well aware of the importance of neighborhood travel, and is in its

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daily operations of maintenance and improvement routinely looking out for the wel fare of its walking residents. The Mayor’s Vision for a Sustainable DC issued in 2012 identifies transportation as one of the major components to consider when planning better use of energy. The report notes that walking and biking can reduce obesity and can help to maintain a person’s overall health. As mentioned earlier, this study sets a goal of having 75% of all city trips be by walking, biking or transit.

Since walking was the basic neighborhood mode of travel when Adams Morgan was first developed, all of the streets of the area were designed to have sidewalks, and over the years any new work has been generally well planned, and mostly well maintained with respect to pedestrian travel. At intersections, the corners have always been well marked and properly signed and signaled. The alleys were usually not designed for short- cut travel, but this sometimes did occur, from the beginning – and happens now too, so this is a factor in alley upkeep.

Currently, the District continues to maintain the area’s sidewalks in a generally good manner, and to monitor the needs of walkers and wheelchairs at intersections. Unfortunately, sidewalks are almost always considered a secondary- part of the roadways in this area (as well as in most other neighborhoods). This treatment sometimes does not give walkers the priority attention they should probably have at certain key locations, in particular along the routes to the two Metro stations. There is also the issue of interactions between bicycles and walkers – both need ing space. Sometime bikers use the roadway, sometimes the sidewalk; the rules for all should be made plain and then followed.

One way to look at the walking pattern is to break it into two parts: internal travel, and travel to leave or enter the neighborhood. Inside walking is fairly basic and straightforward. The city’s system of traffic control is generally good. Going outside the neighborhood, to Metro or elsewhere, is perhaps the more important issue to look at here. The somewhat special configuration of the area streets that enclose Adams Morgan means that on all sides there are well- defined entrance and exit walking- routes into the neighborhood. Making these major routes each a clear and easy travel pathway is key. There are several ways of doing this, including the city’s recent new use of the beige pebble- surface sidewalks here, which is definitely a good idea. Continued use of this surface on the main routes surrounding Adams Morgan would be helpful, for example, along Columbia Road, especi ally going toward the Columbia Heights Metro; along the rest of Calvert Street going to Woodley Park, and perhaps on a few other streets. In addition, the area has a couple of complex intersections, and pedestrians could be given a simplified walking pattern at these spots. For example, the intersections at Calvert and Adams Mill, and also at 16 th and Columbia, could be reconfigured to make them more pleasant for pedestrians, and could even be designed to act as “gateway” entrances to Adams Morgan.

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The recent major reconstruction of 18 th Street was very well done, and has been a nice benefit to drivers, walkers, and businesses. (If perhaps not so helpful to parkers.) For pedestrians the improvement is dramatic. The old sidewalks there were uneven, cluttered and in many spots, and very narrow. The new work is clear and cleanly constructed. It’s surprising how much clearer the street view is when the sidewalk pattern is uniform and gives the walker a straight view down the street. The businesses also benefit: their shops are easier to see, and the several sidewalk cafes can now be set up without crowding out the sidewalk travel space.

In contrast is Columbia Road. Today the sidewalks of this main thoroughfare through Adams Morgan are a mixture of good and bad. There are areas that have not been evenly maintained, and could use some improvements. For example, between Mintwood and 16 th there are stretches that should be properly re- built to give the walkers a better travel space, and to make the walkways easier for the businesses to use. The south side of Columbia between Ontario and Champlain is a visible example of a problem spot.

The city has done a good job recently of re- building the area’s alleyways. These, as in most locales, are something of a continuing problem (trash, lurking, etc.), and fresh ideas about what might be done would be beneficial.

With local schools, there is some walking involved, and as this function has evolved over the years, a satisfactory travel plan has naturally evolved . In addition, many students are bused or dropped off by car.

Some issues to consider for walkers are: the visual pleasantness, safety, and ease of the walking. This can easily be noted with a simple stroll along the major routes. Generally, lighting i s very good. But the city could check more routinely and more often to ensure that obstructions, especially with sidewalk vending, do not block, or become permanent. Broken or bent city signs should be fixed promptly, and graffiti promptly removed. Traffic signs, as needed, should be correctly re- aligned. Private signs should be monitored too, and not be allowed to block the sidewalk. When street and sidewalk construction occurs, the city should always be mindful of the quality of the construction being done and not accept poor, damaged, or graffiti - marred work from the contractors doing the job.

Overall, the District government has done some careful planning to help support pedestrian travel in Adams Morgan, and – with citizen input – the city should b e encouraged to look at ways of making even more improvements.

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Envision Adams Morgan Housing Executive Summary

Adams Morgan remains a preferred destination in Washington, D.C. putting enormous pressure on the cost for an individual to either rent or purchase living quarters in our community.

Despite economic challenges that some of our residents face, the median income in Adams Morgan is among the highest in the city. The median income of mortgage applicants in Adams Morgan today is close to $122 thousand dollars per applicant. According the latest data available, 41% of our community is home owners – d ouble the home ownership rate in 1980

and all indications suggest it will go higher in the coming years. Only 2% of the home loans between 2005 and 2009 were subprime. Some data suggest that the median purchase price of

a home in Adams Morgan is around $800,000 dollars – certainly a challenge for those of modest resources.

Renters in our community who comprise 59- 60% of our neighbors are under th e constant pressure of increased rents and the lack of affordable alternatives in Adams Morgan. Demand for rentals remains high and the building owners, at present, would seem to have the upper hand. Our average vacancy rate is around 3% for nearly 11,000 rental units. Only 800 of those units meet the definition of “affordable housing.”Many of the new developments coming on line in Adams Morgan over the next two years will include very little new affordable housing and the formula used to determine affordab le housing has been criticized for excluding many lower middle class wage earners.

Despite all of the attractive variables that have made Adams Morgan a destination for living in Washington, other issues are also adding to the challenges of housing in Adams Morgan. In

recent years, we have seen more young married couples coming to the community and starting families, which will create challenges for them as they seek more space for their new families at

a reasonable cost. It has become very costly for some young families to purchase in our

community and the issue of our public schools performing at or just below the middle ranks of elementary schools can have a negative impact on retaining these young families.

On balance, Adams Morgan offers attractive hou sing, wonderful neighborhoods, some even with a historical designations, but the rising cost of living in this community could lead to it no longer being a destination of choice in the nation’s Capital.

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THE STATE OF HOUSING IN ADAMS MORGAN TODAY

Overvie w

This housing section of the Envision Adams Morgan Working Group attempts to provide a broad overview of the status of housing in our present community and some of the variables which directly impact housing today and into the future.

Adams Morgan Today

Adams Morgan is moving towards half of its resident being home owners due to several factors. Nearly 60% of our residents are still renters and the community offers some choice in the types of rental housing offered, though affordable rental opportunities are quickly becoming a thing of the past.

To better understand our current housing profile it is important to understand the socio- economic data portrait of Adams Morgan 8 :

Our population averages about 17,000.

Less than 5% of our residents are without a high school diploma.

According to the latest data figures our unemployment rate is under 3%.

Yet, 32% of our residents earn under $50,000 annually.

The largest groups making under $15,000 annually are over 75 years of age.

Our highest earners are those between the ages of 45 and 54 whose incomes are over $200,000 annually.

Home Ownership in Adam Morgan

41% of Adams Morgan residents are homeowners -- double the percentage it was in

1980. As late as 2007, only 32% of Adams Morgan’s residents owned their own home.

The median income of home mortgage applicants in our community was $97,000 in

1997. Today it is close to $122,000.

The average median income is approximately $73,000, which is about $14,000 higher than that of the District as a whole.

Home ownersh ip is a challenge when the median sale price of a home in Adams Morgan is $844,000.

8 Please note statistics cited may differ by small a small degree depending on the sou rces relied upon in this section and elsewhere in the document. However, we believe the conclusions offered by the data remain constant.

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Less that 2% of the home loans in Adams Morgan between 2005 and 2009 were subprime.

The Challenge of Rental and Affordable Housing

The challenge in discussing affordable housing is that affordability is governed by one’s income. A $400,000 condo may be a “steal” for one family while for another family an exorbitant price that only the “rich” can afford.

Current data points to about 40% of our community as owners and 60% as renters in this community.

There are less than an 800 housing units that meet the current definition of “Affordable Housing.”

Even finding available rental units is a challenge with the average vacancy rate under

3%.

2010 data points to only 800 vacant uni ts out of nearly 11,000 housing units.

Programs for Affordable Housing

The DC government has a few programs for affordable housing but they have proven hard to access and even more difficult to monitor. Listed below are some of the larger programs:

1. Inclusionary Zoning - requires that a certain percentage of units in new or rehabilitated developments are set aside at prices below the Average Median Income (AMI). Unfortunately, we find this a tough go in negotiating with developers and the AMI proves too cos tly for many large families.

2. Employer Assisted Housing - Provides assistance to DC government workers who are first time home buyers. This program also covers many workers covered by blanket union contracts with the DC government. The program makes it affordable for our teachers, firefighters, and police officers and other mid- level government workers to live in our communities.

3. Home Rehabilitation - Provides loans to DC residents to repair their homes to bring them up to code. This could have an impact on our longtime residents who may not have resources to make upgrades to their homes to comply with building codes.

4. Neighborhood Revitalization - Provides grants to businesses to rehab their storefronts in the community but do require a local community based organization (CBO) to work with the businesses. This could have positive implications for our community’s small businesses.

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Affordable Housing Resources

Adams Morgan is fortunate in having other services and factors which help make housing affordable.

Jubilee Housing - Is a faith - based CBO located in Adams Morgan providing affordable housing services to economically disadvantaged residents of our community.

Housing Counseling Services (HCS) - Is a non - profit organization that provides comprehensive housing counseling for potential homebuyers, homeowners, and most importantly, tenants. HCS offers important counseling to help tenants become homeowners. http://housingetc.org

Rent Control in DC - The rent control law app lies to large apartment buildings built before 1975 – including a considerable number of Adams Morgan buildings. The law spells out the percentage increase a landlord may ask for with the renewing of a lease and provides avenues of appeal for renters when they think they are being overcharged. The challenge in Adams Morgan is to acquaint our residents with the law and how they can to use it to protect themselves. See the Department of Housing and Community Development fact sheet on rent control:

http://dhcd.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/dhcd/publication/attachments/RentCon

trolFactSheet2013.pdf

Tenants Bill of Rights - DC has also developed a 14 point Bill of Rights to protect tenants from landlords who use unfair practices.

Other Variables that Impact Housing

Transportation - Is a key commodity for supporting residential housing and Adams Morgan has some robust offerin gs for its residents.

Schools in Adams Morgan - Adams Morgan offers three local elementary schools. However, two of the schools are still not among the top ranked schools and, while the third school offers a challenging curriculum, its boundaries extend beyond Adams Morgan requiring parents to petition to have their children considered for admission. In order for Adams Morgan to attract and retain families, the schools will have to improve.

Crime, Parks and Recreation - While the number of violent crimes has declined in Adams Morgan, property crimes continue to be a concern. The community is blessed with proximity to both Rock Creek Park and the National Zoo, both national attractions, however, our two city- operated parks – Kalorama Park and Walter Pierce Park would benefit from more city resources.

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Overall Summary

Adams Morgan has morphed into a fairly affluent community. Home ownership has steadily increased along with personal income and a changing demographic mix leaning towards a younger and better educated resident. The availability of dwellings for purchase has also increased with the condominium conversions offering an attractive alternative for young professionals and older empty nesters to obtain home ownership.

Affordable housing became a chal lenge as Adams Morgan emerged as a desired destination over the last three decades. Rental properties have been converted at a rapid rate to meet the demands for condominiums leaving rental properties as a scarce resource with higher rental fees. Without affordable housing the community runs the risk of losing its socio - economic diversity and could prove an impediment to the long- term vitality of the community including losing middle class families who need affordable housing that can hold a family of three or more.

community including losing middle class families who need affordable housing that can hold a family of

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Envision Adams Morgan Environment and Sustainability Executive Summary

The goals of the Environment and Sustainability working group are to:

Transfer knowledge/awareness of place and natural environment to businesses and residents.

Build a platform for continued long - term growth and discussion as a community.

Become a neighborhood that identifies itself as being environmentally progressive.

Fix what’s broken (tree health, water runoff, erosion, waste, awareness, weatherization) and revitaliz e underused spaces as community assets.

We have aligned our baseline data for the neighborhood with the goals and targets laid out in the Sustainable DC plan released in February 2013.

ENERGY & BUILT ENVIRONMENT

Customers in zip code 20009 accounted for 2 .45% of citywide natural gas use and 3.6% of citywide electricity use in 2012.

Marie Reed Elementary School scored only in the bottom 4 th percentile for energy efficiency.

There are 3 Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) sites in Adams Morgan. These cause soil and groundwater contamination.

34 businesses along the 18 th St corridor and 6 local nonprofits are participating in a community power purchase agreement for wind power. S ince 2011, they've generated over $1,500,000 in

savings and business revenu e and converted about 15,000,000 kWh or 8,346 tons of

CO 2 .
CO 2
.

8 solar photovoltaic (PV) installations within the boundaries of ANC1C.

2 buildings in Adams Morgan have solar thermal arrays.

Most of our power lines in Adams Morgan are underground. As a result , we don’t often lose power during storm emergencies.

WATER

Adams Morgan is on a boundary line between two watersheds – Rock Creek and the Washington Metropolitan watershed.

We are also within the boundaries of DC’s Combined Sewage Overflow system.

Only one house in Adams Morgan has installed a rain barrel through RiverSmart Homes.

WASTE

Waste is handled both by the Department of Public Works and by private haulers.

At least 11 companies collect from restaurants and businesses on the East side of 18 th St reet, along with at least 4 different grease collectors.

Of the 11, only 6 are on the list of commercial haulers registered with DPW.

As part of the streetscape renovation, new recycling bins were installed all along 18 th Street, finally bringing public recycling to Adams Morgan!

10 businesses participate in TapIt in Adams Morgan.

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FOOD

Adams Morgan has:

A community garden in Kalorama Park.

Two small Common Good in the City plots in front of the Kalorama Recreation Center.

Plans for small plots for school gardening in conjunction with plans for the new soccer field at Marie Reed Education Center.

A Farmers Market at 18th and Columbia Road on Saturdays in April through December.

Local, sustainable, organic groceries at Pleasant Pops and Yes!

Local, sustaina ble, organic food at Cashion’s, Pleasant Pops, and Organic North Sea.

NATURE

Kalorama Park offers real opportunities for more tree planting, as do the many public spaces without trees including the plazas near 18th and Columbia Road.

Other opportunities a re spread throughout residential areas, in the small yards throughout the neighborhood.

Our existing tree canopy coverage is 32%. Our possible coverage is 41%. Plantable space is 9%.

TRANSPORTATION

Adams Morgan is serviced by:

13 WMATA bus routes.

1 DC Ci rculator Route.

4 metro stops within walking distance.

6 Capital Bikeshare stations in the neighborhood with 90 bikes.

29 Zipcars with permanent parking spots throughout the neighborhood.

HEALTH

In 2010, the CDC reported that 15,000 homes in the DC area might still have water supplies with dangerous levels of lead. Several of the homes were in Adams Morgan.

We plan to conduct an analysis to see if there is park space within a 5 minute walk from all homes in Adams Morgan.

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Envision Adams Morgan Environment and Sustainability

Our overarching mission in the Environment and Sustainability working group is to ensure that residents and businesses in the neighborhood have a clear understanding of their relationship with the underlying environmental as se ts of the neighborhood and the D istrict at large.

We seek to:

Transfer knowledge/awareness of place and natural environment to businesses and residents.

Build a platform for continued long - term growth and discussion as a community.

Become a neighborhood that identifies itself as being environmentally progressive.

Fix what’s broken (tree health, water runoff, erosion, waste, awareness, weatherization) and revitalize underused spaces as community assets.

We have aligned our baseline data for the neighborh ood with the goals and targets laid out in the Sustainable DC plan, released in February 2013 in six categories . 9 The Sustainable DC goals are in a bulleted list at the beginning of each section below.

ENERGY & BUILT ENVIRONMENT

Goals:

Cut citywide energy use by 50%.

Increase the use of renewable energy to make up 50% of the District’s energy supply.

Reduce annual power outages to between 0 and 2 events of less than 100 minutes per year.

Retrofit 100% of existing commercial and multi - family buildings to achieve net - zero energy standards (meaning that the building generates enough energy from renewable sources to offset its own energy use) .

Meet net - zero energy use standards with all new construction projects.

Overall Energy Use

While w e can’t track t he amount of energy used within our ANC boundaries, we do know how much energy was used overall in the zip code 20009 , as Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments (MWCOG ) receives these numbers in reports from Pepco and Washington Gas Energy Services ( WGES ) each year. C usto mers in 20009 account ed for 2.45% of citywide natural gas use and 3.6% of citywide electricity use in 2012 . 10

9 http://sustainable - dc.org

10 https://ncrportal.mwcog.org/sites/surveys/climate/Shared%20Documents/Forms/AllItems.aspx?RootFolder=%2Fsites%2Fsur

veys%2Fclimate%2FShared%20Documents%2FUtility%20Data%20Request%2FZIP- Level%20Data&View={249AE023 - 2823 - 48BB -

9118

- 481AEF8B40CE}

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Figure 1: Natural Gas u sed within 20009 boundaries in 2012

Zip Code

# of Meters

Therms

20009

10942

10,452,470.7

Commercial Master - metered Industrial Residential

891

4,495,565.8

287

1,493,453.2

12

1,180,796.0

9,752

3,282,655.7

Figure 2: Electricity u sed within 20009 b oundaries in 2012

Zip Code

# of Meters

kWh

20009

25,558

389,649,118

Master - metered non - government commercial Non - master - metered government commercial Non - master - metered government residential Non - master - metered non - government commercial Non - master - metered non - government residential

102

28464254

43

37045037

1

4582

2,497

178605342

22,915

145529903

Building Efficiency

Private buildings over 50,000 sq ft and public buildings over 10,000 sq ft are required to track and report their annual energy and water use using EPA's Portfolio Manager tracking tool. This requirement is a result of DC’s Green Building Act of 2006. As b uildings account for 75% of the District's energy use and greenhouse gas emissions, tracking our major buildings' energy use and finding a way to incentivize reductions could make a significant environmental impact.

There are currently 21 private building s in Adams Morgan that we re required to submit benchmarking data by April 1, 2013 (see Figure 1). A list of buildings over 50K sq ft will be released shortly, and these buildings will be required to submit benchmarking data by 2014. Smaller buildings over 10,000 sq ft are also able to use the tool, and we would encourage all such buildings in Adams Morgan to do so.

Requirements and instructions for using the benchma rking tool are outlined on the D istrict's website: http://green.dc.gov/energybenchmarking .

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Of the government buildings that have reported their energy use for 2012 , the following are in Adams Morgan:

Figure 3 : Benchmarking data for gover nment buildings in Adams Morgan

       

Current

     

Weather

Total

Normalized

Current

Floor

Source Energy

Total GHG

Facility

Space

ENERGY

Intensity

Electricity

Gas Use

Emissions

Name

Address

(Sq. Ft.)

STAR® Score

(kBtu/Sq. Ft.)

Use

(therms)

(MtCO2e)

Engine

1763

LANIER

12,800

N/A

186.2

157,699

6,200

109.18

Company

PLACE NW

#21

Engine

1617

U

10,476

N/A

205.6

159,132

4,357

100.07

Company

STREET NW

#9

Adams

2020

19TH

59,400

63*

143.4

479,058

25,402

366.60

Elementary

STREET NW

(temporary

score)

Marie Reed

2200

162,700

4

221.8

3,470,257

44

1,676.95

Elementary

CHAMPLAIN

STREET NW

3rd District

1620

V

38,852

N/A

276.00

840,177

15,912

490.60

HQ

STREET NW

Source: http://green.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/ddoe/publication/attachments/DDOE-

DGS_PublicBenchmarking_013113.pdf

Compared to schools nationwide, Marie Reed scored in the 4 th percentile for energy efficiency. This is quite low, and there should be lots of room for improvement. H.D. Cooke Elementary School was not included in the benchmarking report. Buildings in the 75 th percentile and higher are eligible for EnergyStar certification.

Figure 4 : Adams Morgan b uildings over 100K sq ft

973,414

1919

CONNECTICUT AV

CJUF II DESTINATION HOTEL LLC

519,484

1875

CONNECTICUT AV NW

UNIVERSAL BUILDING NORTH INC

421,800

1825

CONNECTICUT AV NW

UNIVERSAL BUILDING INC

236,646

2101

- 2201 CONNECTICUT AV NW

2101 CONNECTICUT AVENUE

272,449

1600

BEEKMAN PL NW

BEEKMAN PLACE CONDO

276,092

2400

16TH ST NW

ENVOY ASSOCIATES LTD PTSP

439,502

2480

16TH ST

DORCHESTER HOUSE ASSOCIATES LLC

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277,426

1629

COLUMBIA RD NW

PARK PLAZA APTS II LLC

187,707

1884

COLUMBIA RD NW

ADAMS - MORGAN ASSOCIATES

198,381

2853

ONTARIO RD NW

ONTARIO OWNERS INC

174,971

1650

HARVARD ST NW

HARVARD HALL LLC

127,257

1954

COLUMBIA RD NW

DAVID HORNSTEIN

122,062

2022

COLUMBIA RD NW

THE WYOMING HOUSE

116,748

203 2 BELMONT RD NW

VALLEY VISTA CONDOMINIUM

130,541

1900

KALORAMA PL

KALORAMA PLACE

120,650

1841

COLUMBIA RD NW

UIP 1841 COLUMBIA ROAD LLC

118,686

1661

CRESCENT PL NW

1661 CRESCENT PLACE NW INC

116,689

1641

- 1681 KALORAMA RD NW

JEMAL'S CITADEL LLC

114,441

1707

COLUMBIA RD NW

NATIONAL SAVINGS & TRUST COMPANY

104,040

1673

COLUMBIA RD NW

NATIONAL SAVINGS & TRUST COMPANY TRUSTEES

120,823

1801

CLYDESDALE PL NW

SAXONY COOPERATIVE APARTMENTS INC

Fuel contamination

Fuel stored in underground containers can a source of groundwater and soil contamination. There are t hree open Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST ) sites in Adams Morgan, as of August 2012.

6/20/19 96

2329 Champlain

Other

2329

Champlain Street., NW

1 Soil/GW

St L.P.

 

2/11/1993

Chevron

Gas

1827

Adams Mill Rd, NW

1 Soil/GW

Station

 

3/6/1991

DPW

DC Govt

1630

V Street, NW

1 Soil/GW

 

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Renewables

Wind

Within the 20009 zip code, we know we have at least 80 businesses and over 141 residents that support wind power. In Adams Morgan specifically, we know we have 34 businesses along the 18 th St corridor and 6 local nonprofits participating in a community power purchase agreement for wind power. Joella M osely, with New Green Industries, reports that, “ since beginning in 2011, we've generated over $1,500,000 in savings and business revenue for community members, and converted about 15,000,000

kWh or 8,346 tons of

CO 2
CO 2

. This savings is equivalent to:

Removin g 1604.22 cars from the road for a year

Eliminating 1105.49 homes' electricity for a year

Saving 43.58 railcars' worth of coal, or

Turning off 0.001797 coal plants for a year.”

Solar

While there are 36 solar installations in the 20009 zip code, we believe that only 8 are within the boundaries of ANC 1C at the present time. In DC overall, there are 667 solar installations.

DC Sun is a local solar cooperative network that can be a resource for single - family homes or large

apartment buildings that want to inv estigate solar installations. They can issue a Request for Proposal on

behalf of large buildings and solicit bids from area installers for a system. They can then help the building review the bids and select an installer that will meet their needs.

An alt ernative to owning solar panels is to lease, which is possible to do through Solar City.

Unfortunately , Solar City does not work with either condominiums or apartment buildings .

Solar Thermal

There are 37 solar thermal installations in DC at this time. Two buildings in Adams Morgan have installed solar thermal arrays to reduce electricity used to heat water:

Park Tower, 2440 16th St NW

1825 Vernon St NW

Skyline I nnovations does commercial solar thermal w ater installations - depending upon building infrastr ucture. Their main clients are large apartment and condominium buildings . They do not work with single - f amily homes but can put customers in touch with those companies who do.

Reliability

Most of our power lines in Adams Morgan are underground. As a result , we don’t often lose power during storm emergencies.

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WATER

Goals:

Make 100% of District waterways fishable and swimmable.

Use 75% of the landscape to capture rainwater for filtration or reuse.

Decrease total water use by 40%.

Pollutants and Storm W ater Runoff

Adams Morgan lies on a boundary line between two watersheds – Rock Creek and the Washington Metropolitan watershed. Adams Morgan is also within the boundaries of DC’s Combined Sewage Overflow system, meaning that during heavy rains, when storm sewe rs become too full, sewage is mixed in and released into these watersheds. This makes it particularly important in Adams Morgan to do what we can to reduce storm water runoff by capturing rainfall with bioswales, rain gardens, green roofs, or rain barrels. We can also mitigate storm water runoff by replacing impervious surfaces with permeable pavement or plants.

To date, only one house in Adams Morgan has participated in the RiverSmart Homes program by installing a rain barrel.

An erosion control project wa s undertaken in Kalorama Park to control “excessive stormwater runoff from slopes and hard surfaces within the park” in 2010 - 2011, but was unsuccessful. The DC Department of Parks and Recreation and the Department of General Services are now working to fun d repairs and have posted a page on their website to track developments in the project. 11

Pesticides are another common water pollutant. Recently, DC passed a pesticide reform act that requires Integrated Pest Management and limits use of synthetic pestici des on all government, school, and childcare facility grounds. This is primarily to limit human exposure to toxics, but will also serve to reduce the amount of pesticides that wash off of those grounds into nearby bodies of water. We encourage adoption of integrated pest management or organic approaches for all parks and green spaces in Adams Morgan.

11 http://dpr.dc.gov/page/kalorama - park - erosion - control

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Watersheds

Watersheds Decreasing Water Use Water use is included in the benchmarking requirements for large buildings established

Decreasing Water Use

Water use is included in the benchmarking requirements for large buildings established by DC’s Green Building Act of 2006. We expect that tracking water use and making the information publicly available will help build awareness and encourage behavior change.

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WASTE

Goals:

Send zero solid waste to landfills per year and reduce total waste generation by 15%.

Reuse 20% of all construction and demolition waste.

Achieve a total waste diversion rate (recycling, composting, and conversion) of 80%.

Disposal Responsibility

Waste is handled both by the Department of Public Works and by private haulers in DC. All residences with three or fewer units are covered by city collection and are offered recycling and landfill services. District - wide, DPW handles 103,0 0 0 residences.

All businesses, schools, churches, and residences with four or more units are required to contract with private w aste and recycling haulers. Recycling is a required service, but each hauler may collect different materials. According to DPW:

Items that the District requires commercial properties to recycle The District regulates recycling bottles, cans and paper in a ll businesses. Glass, metal, paper, corrugated cardboard and narrow - necked plastic bottles must be separated and containerized independently of other solid waste. ”

Enforcement actions that can be taken if a commercial property does not recycle A commercia l property can be fined for failing to comply with the recycling regulations. The fines range from $200 for a first offense to $1500 for the third violation of the same regulation within 60 days.”

Because there are so many buildings in Adams Morgan that ar e required to contract with private haulers, it’s a large task to account for all companies working in Adams Morgan. We do know there are at least 11 companies collecting from restaurants and businesses on the East side of 18 th Street, along with 4 differe nt grease collectors. Of the 11, only 6 are on the list of commercial haulers registered with DPW. The consequence of having so many different companies serving one street is increased traffic in the alleyways, and increased fuel use by those haulers.

Le gal requirements for commercial waste disposal and recycling can be found here, along with a list of authorized haulers: http://dpw.dc.gov/service/commercial - recycling

Street Recycling C ans

As part of the streetscape renovation, new recycling bins were installed all along 18 th Street, finally bringing public recycling to Adams Morgan! The Adams Morgan Partnership’s Clean Team works to collect recycling from street cans. Cleaning services are pr ovided by Ready, Willing and Working, a work - readiness program of the Capitol Hill BID.

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TapIt

TapIt is a national program that highlights restaurants and businesses that will fill up visitors’ water bottles for free. This encourages use of reusable bottles as an alternative to plastic water bottles (which are often disposed of rather than recycled). There are 10 businesses participating in Adams Morgan.

Composting

We are still trying to determine the number of residents and businesses that compost in Adams Morgan. As of April 1, 2013 DPW will allow commercial haulers to use the Benning Road transfer station to drop off organics for composting.

FOOD

Goals:

Put 20 additional acres of land under cultivation for growing food.

Ensure 75% of residents live within ¼ mile of a community garden, farmers’ market , or healthy corner store.

Produce or obtain 25% of food within a 100 - mile radius.

Community Gardens

The only community garden in Adams Morgan is the one at Kalorama Park, with only 19 plots . Rules provide that gardeners may keep their plots for five years, but that can be extended for administrative work done for the garden. A lottery is held to allocate available garden plots in February of each year.

There was previously a community garden in Walter Pierce Park. I t was closed ostensibly for erosion control purposes, but in fact it was to preserve grave sites in the historic cemeteries on the site. Although a DC government map indicated it would reopen in 2007 , that has not yet happened.

Ther e are also two small Common Good in the City plots in front of the Kalorama Rec reation Center.

The plans for the new soccer field at Marie Ree d Education Center also include small plots for school gardening.

Other potential sites:

HD Cooke Elementary School

Rock Creek Park (area adjacent to south side of Duke Ellington bridge)

Other federal sites at 16th/Columbia Rd, triangle park south of Kalorama

Large residential buildings with rooftop potential

Farmers Markets

18th and Columbia R oa d , Saturdays 9AM - 1PM, April through December. Since 1973, the vendors include Licking Creek Bend Farm and Star Hollow Farm.

Groceries (local, sustainable, organic list)

Pleasant Pops 1781 Florida Ave NW 202/558 - 5224

Yes! Organic Market, 1825 Columbia R oa d , NW

Restaurants (loca l, sustainable, organic list)

Cashion’s Eat Place 1819 Columbia R oa d , NW 202/797 - 1819

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Pleasant Pops 1781 Florida Ave NW 202/558 - 5224

Organic North Sea Thai Restaurant 2479 18th St reet, NW 202/332 - 7628

Groceries ( conventional)

7 - Eleven 1900 Wyoming Ave nue, NW

7 - Eleven 1755 Columbia R oa d , NW

Harris Teeter 1631 Kalorama R oa d , NW

Safeway 1747 Columbia R oa d , NW

Argonne Market 1629 Columbia R oa d NW

Home Food 2216 18th St reet, NW

Mr. T Grocery Store (aka T’s) 1795 Lanier Pl ace, NW

Santa Anna Grocery 1664 Columbia R oa d , NW

Metro K Supermarket 1864 Columbia R oa d , NW

NATURE

Goals:

Increase the acreage of wetlands along the Anacostia and Potomac Rivers by 50%.

Cover 40% of the District with a healthy tree canopy.

Provide parkland or natural space within a 10 - minute wal k of all residents.

Casey Trees provided a satellite view of changes in the tree canopy over time ; a tree canopy analysis identifying total coverage and opportunities where additional trees could be added ; and , an additional over - head view of the specific opportunities for adding to the tree cover in schools and parks.

According to these images, the available spaces for planting more trees are mostly in Adams Morgan's parks and schools. Kalorama Park offers real opportunities. The many public spaces witho ut trees - like the plazas near 18th and Columbia Road - are another.

Other opportunities are spread throughout residential areas, in the small yards throughout the neighborhood.

Casey Trees has offered to plant trees wherever the community requested th em. They said they often work with neighborhood groups to plant trees and then get permission from the DC government groups to do so. The tree cover images have been added to this document as an appendix.

TRANSPORTATION

Goals:

Increase use of public tran sit to 50% of all commuter trips.

Increase biking and walking to 25% of all commuter trips.

Reduce commuter trips made by car or taxi to 25%.

Eliminate all “unhealthy” air quality index days, including “unhealthy for sensitive groups.”

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Adams Morgan is wel l served by public transportation, with 13 Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority bus routes, one DC Circulator route, and 4 metro stops within walking distance. In addition, bike sharing and car sharing have become popular. There are 6 Capital Bik eshare stations in the neighborhood with 90 bikes. There are also 29 Zipcars with permanent parking spots throughout the neighborhood. Car2Go, the other local car sharing service, is popular in the area, but their cars do not have any permanent location. W ashington Area Bicyclist Association and City Bikes are also great biking resources in the neighborhood.

Capital Bikeshare Locations

Bicyclist Association and City Bikes are also great biking resources in the neighborhood. Capital Bikeshare Locations

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Zipcar Locations

Zipcar Locations HEALTH Goals: • Cut the citywide obesity rate by 50% • Require all new

HEALTH

Goals:

Cut the citywide obesity rate by 50%

Require all new housing projects in the District to meet “Healthy by Design” standards.

Lead -free Water

DC Water generally tests single - family homes (SFHs) with lead service pipes every month. They drop off a test kit, with instructions for the residents, and DC Water picks them up and tests th e samples. The customers in SFHs collect their water first thing in the morning, after the water has been sitting six

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hours. Action level for lead in drinking water is over 15 ppb lead. Large buildings - apartment buildings and some condos - generally do n ot use lead pipes so lead is not a problem. These large buildings usually have copper pipes. But if a commercial building’s owner would like to, he/she/they may test once per year. The requirement that the water be still for six hours makes the test diffi cult for large buildings with many residents. For those SFHs that do test high for lead, DC Water will come to the residence to do more intense testing in order to identify the source of the lead.

By way of background, in the early 2000s, WASA (the name of DC Water in those days) changed the disinfectant from chlorine to chloramine in their water testing, causing lead from pipes to begin to leach into the water in dangerously high levels in thousands of DC households. In 2004, chloramine was discontinued as a disinfectant. According to DC Water :

“In 2004, the Washington Aqueduct began adding orthophosphate for corrosion control treatment and to reduce lead release in water. Orthophosphate is a tasteless, odorless, food - grade additive used to prevent pipe cor rosion in the distribution system and in household plumbing. It works by forming a protective coating inside pipes and plumbing fixtures , that reduces the amount of lead released in water. The addition of orthophosphate has been effective in reducing lead levels in District households with lead service pipes and other household lead sources.”

At Congressional hearings in 2010 concerns were raised about 9,100 residences in the District. Also in 2010, the C enter for D isease C ontrol reported that 15,000 homes in the DC area might still have water supplies with dangerous levels of lead. S everal of these homes were in Adams Morgan. DC Water encourages everyone with lead service lines to test and to use filters. Drinking water is lead - free prior to entering individual pipes.

Access to Park Space

We plan to conduct an analysis to see if there is park space within a 5 minute walk from all homes in Adams Morgan.

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Envision Adams Morgan Community Facilities Executive Summary

Adams Morgan is fortunate to have a rich array of community facilities to meet the needs of its residents. Naturally, many of these facilities and resources are not without their challenges, but they provide a rich foundation upon which we as a community can improve.

Community facilities are those institutions, assets, individuals, and organizations, both public and private, which provide the cultural, educational, health, recreational, and social services critical to the ongoing well - being of the community. Some of them are obvious and some need to be placed in context to demonstrate their impact on the community.

Schools are an obvious critical component of any community and Adams Morgan is fortunate to have three such public institutions in our community. Two of these schools are elementary schools (K - 6) and primarily serve the Adams Morgan community and the areas immediately adjacent to our borders. The third school, Oyster Adams, has a dual immersion language program (Spanish/English) and has grades 4- 8 on its Adams Morgan campus. The oth er campus is located across Connecticut Avenue. However, Adams is a city- wide school and requires entrance exams to enter the school thus Adams Morgan residents are currently not automatically admitted despite living within its boundaries. H.D. Cooke and Marie Reed are our public elementary schools and while each is showing rising promise both are not yet considered top tier institutions. Along with our public schools, we also have Jubilee Jumpstart, one of the premier early childhood non - profit education p rograms in the city within our boundaries.

Adams Morgan is blessed with a broad array of non - profit organizations that address many of the social service and cultural needs of our community and beyond. We have some of the nation’s most notable institutions addressing issues of hospice care, aging, affordable housing, the homeless, and those seeking opportunities to re- enter the work force. Along with these vital organizations we have institutions combining the arts and education for our children. Our youth are served through several strong organizations dedicated to their well- being that enjoy the support of the community and local and national funding sources.

Adams Morgan is also fortunate to have several civic organizations, such as the Kalorama Citizens Association and the Reed Cooke Neighborhood Association, that are committed to the preservation and improvement of local neighborhoods through robust civic engagement with the community, the local ANC, the City Council, the various DC government agencies, and the Office of the Mayor.

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Healthcare has a strong presence in Adams Morgan, boasting two of the city’s most active full service community- based health centers treating patients from infancy to the aged. In addition, we have a wide range of doctors and dentists with practices located within the Adams Morgan community. Current plans call for the opening of a walk- in medical clinic to complement the options residents already have. Major hospitals are all within a five- mile or less radius of the Adams Morga n community while both fire and police services have a large and dedicated presence in the Adams Morgan Community.

Our parks and recreation facilities are robust and enjoy strong community use and support including non- profit organizations dedicated to the well- being of our two large public parks, Walter Pierce and Kalorama Park. We are also blessed with having Rock Creek Park located partly within our boundaries as well as the internationally renowned National Zoo.

Adams Morgan has wonderful community res ources and as residents we have the capacity to expand these resources to improve their role in making the lives of our community even better.

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Envision Adams Morgan Community Services and Facilities:

Existing Conditions

Overview

In order for us to better understand our present community, its strengths and weaknesses, and to inform our understanding and analysis of how to make Adams Morgan a better community, the following analysis of the current community facilities of Adams Morgan has been develope d. Our definition of “community facilities” included, but was not limited to schools, pre- K and after school programs, healthcare services, senior services, parks and recreation services, and non - profit organizations that provide direct benefit to Adams Morgan or impact it in any fashion. Police and fire services were not included in this report.

Phase II of our planning exercise will suggest recommendations based on our analysis of the current findings.

What We Currently Know About Our Various Community F acilities

Public Schools : Adams Morgan has three public schools operating within its boundaries. However, only two of them, Marie Reed and H.D. Cooke are available to children of Adams Morgan through the traditional school boundary enrollment process. Oyster - Adams Bilingual School’s boundaries are such that many of the students living across the street from the school are not eligible to attend. The school has a nationally recognized language immersion program and accepts students from across the city through a rigorous acceptance process. (All of the schools identified have their profiles available on the DCPS website.)

The two traditional elementary school populations in our community are majority Hispanic, followed by African - American, Whites, and Asians. Currently, there is only a small white student population, however, if current population trends continue, a larger non- minority population increase could be in the future for both of our two elementary schools.

These schools serve as feeder facilities to public middle schools that lie just outside of the borders of Adams Morgan and several charter schools that can accept our students upon application.

While overcrowding is not a major factor in either Cooke or Reed, both institutions lack major resources, including supplies and unique staffing and services, which would prove invaluable in their efforts to improve their test scores against city wide and national testing norms. And given

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the added challenges of language, economic, and social challenges that confront many of the students, more teachers as well as resources would be welcomed.

H.D. Cooke Elementary School: 44% of Cooke’s students come from inside the school boundaries which include all of Adams Morgan. H.D. Cooke operates an International Baccalaureate program which attempts to expose students to a broad range of ideas, global appreciation, and an international mindset. A strong extracurricular activities program including vocal and instrumental music is offered along with Spanish language instruction. The focal point of this program is to create an environment where the students grow and change and evolve into individuals capable of changing the world.

Despite the glowing description of their learning goals the school has its challenges. 80% of its students are in the free or reduced lunch program and almost 10% are in special education classes. An even greater challenge is the performance scores in math and reading. A full 71% were performing below grade level in math and 69% were found to be below grade level in reading. The principal most recently outlined a list of needs/resources to the Adams Morgan ANC in the hope of funding in the near future.

Marie - Reed Elementary School: Marie Reed is a diverse school located on one of the two commercial corridors in Adams Morgan (18 th Street).The school offers a wide range of services and course offerings including English monolingual and Spanish dual language strands for its students. The school’s offerings and services are provided in three major concentrations:

Academic Enrichment, Wellness and Fitness*, and Arts and Culture.

*Marie Reed boasts a strong complex for fitness including a major all - purpose field, soon to be significantly upgraded, 24 hour lighting, handball and tennis courts, and an indoor swimming pool.

The student demo graphics, much like H.D. Cooke, has a majority Hispanic population (61%), followed by African - Americans (24%), Asians at (8%), and the White student population at (6%). The school enjoys a stronger than average daily attendance percentage 95% versus 72% for that of all DCPS schools. Academically, the school finds the majority of its students performing at or above grade level (58%) and almost half of the student body are reading at grade level or above

(49%).

Oyster - Adams Bilingual School: Oyster- Adams Bilingual School is a dual - language immersion, Pre- K- 8 th grade public school for children from many neighborhoods and nationalities and cultures. It is an academically rigorous program in a language rich - bilingual environment that concentrates on personal achievement and global environment.

The Oyster- Adams Bilingual School evolved from two schools: Oyster Bilingual Elementary School in Woodley Park and Adams Elementary School in Adams Morgan. In 2007, the two

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elementary schools were combined and the dual - language immersion model was expanded to the entire Adams School. Today, both schools have a combined student enrollment of 670 students and the school has the vast majority of its students reading at, or well above the median proficiency level for DCPS Schools.

Students learn and interact in two languages throughout the day. The goal is for students to be 50% proficient in English and the same in Spanish. The program’s research suggests that the immersion process leads to a better student. Oyster- Adams has two pre- K classrooms: one typical mainstream classroom and another full inclusion class, where students with special needs learn side- by- side with typically developing students. In K- 6, each classroom has two same- language teachers that work together to co - teach and differentiate instruction to meet the needs of the many different learners.

However, as noted elsewhere in this section, Oyster- Adams school is not automatically open to residents of Adams Morgan and if they would like their chil d to attend the school they must go through a formal process to be considered for admission.

Summation on Adams Morgan Public Schools: The public elementary schools in Adams Morgan, with the exception of Adams, suffer from the same challenges that face most DCPS schools; limited school resources and students in need of a host of resources in order to make them and their schools competitive.

At the middle school and high school level, there are no schools within the Adams Morgan boundaries, however, at least one middle school lies just across 16 th Street. Charter and private schools can be found in a two - mile radius of Adams Morgan and are included within the school boundaries for Adams Morgan. There is a selection of highly regarded private schools, some as close as several blocks from the Adams Morgan boundaries.

Note: See maps for a complete list of secondary public, charter, and private schools on the Envision documents website: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4078158/Community - Services - and - Facilities- Working- Group .

Pre - K Educational Opportunities: The importance of quality schools can never be overstated and in recent years pre- K programs have also taken on a significance almost as vital as that of the K- 12 school programs. All of the public schools in Adams Morgan offer pre- K programs beginning at age 3- 5, but admission is done by lottery. Unfortunately, these pre- K programs do not offer early learning services for children under the age of 3 and the lottery system makes admission even more of a challenge. Currently, we have at least one non- profit institution providing such services.

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Jubilee Jumpstart: Is among the leading Pre- K programs in the city and Adams Morgan

is their home base. The program is located inside the federally subsidized housing

community Jubilee Housing. Their mission is to ensu re that children are fully prepared for school and beyond through the provision of an enriched focus on the social and emotional well - being of the children. They currently have an enrollment of approximately 50 children , some of whom are subsidized and oth ers are full pay. The cost for each child is about $20,000 a year, which can be a challenge for young families just starting out.

David’s Star Day Care Center: Located on Ontario Road, David’s Star Day Care Center is

a for- profit childcare center that caters to children from any location. Its cost are in line with those of Jubilee, however, Jubilee is able to enroll children who need to be subsidized and it is unclear if that is the case with this center.

Lanier Lullabies: Located in the Lanier Heights section of Adams Morgan , also a for- profit for parents in need of childcare. United Planning Organization: Operates a childcare operation in a location just outside of the Adams Morgan boundaries and does participate in the District’s child subsidy program.

Non - Profit Organizations : Adams Morgan is served by a variety of non - profit organizations some of which are not located within the Adams Morgan boundaries but serve significant seg ments of the Adams Morgan community from its youngest children through its oldest citizens. Listed below is a selection, but an incomplete list of non- profit organizations serving Adams Morgan . (A far more extensive list of such organizations can be found in the appendix of this document.)

Children’s Organization: These organizations provide a broad array of services that extend and enhance the work of the schools and other civic organizations dedicated to the welfare of young people.

FLOC (For the love of Children) : Bilingual, FLOC provides educational services beyond the classroom, free of charge, for low income students (K- 12) by bringing together students, volunteers, families and community partners. Our own H.D. Cooke is a partner in the FLOC initiative. Today, roughly 25 staff and 300 volunteers serve nearly 600 students per year in local schools and in FLOC facilities.

Adams Morgan Youth Leadership Academy (AMYLA): This group, founded in 2007 is dedicated to working with the underserved young people of Adams Morgan. They work to inspire stronger academic performance and to identify job and other opportunities to

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allow the young people to grow and mature in a responsible way. AMYLA is scheduled to play a major role in job placement in connection with the proposed Adams Morgan Hotel. This opportunity will be closely monitored.

Sitar Arts Center : Located in the heart of Adams Morgan, the Center caters to pre- K children allowing them to explore their personal and artistic growth through music, drama, dance, and creative writing. The Center does offer a unique arts program targeted to the pre- K through after school programs, weekend programs , and summer classes. Sitar Center has offers classes to more than 700 students annually. More than 150 talented artist volunteer their time to the Center, which relies on charitable contribution s to maintain its service offering.

Healthcare : Adams Morgan does not have an in - patient hospital within our borders; however, we do have nationally recognized hospitals within two miles of our borders and an excellent choice of community- based healthcare facilities and a wide assortment of physicians and dentists who practice within Adams Morgan or its immediate surroun dings. (See appendices for a more complete list of healthcare providers and location maps . 12 )

Community Based Health Services

Mary’s Center : Is a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) that provides both medical and dental care regardless of income by basing its fees on a sliding scale and accepting both Medicare and Medicaid. Mary’s Center provides bi - lingual, integrated health services and has the ability to provide those services in tandem with social services and health education. The hours of service make it ideal for working class families who need early and evening services.

Unity Columbia Road Health Services: This facility is also a FQHC providing quality health services in the heart of Adams Morgan. Founded in 1979, the Columbia Roa d Health Servi ces has been a part of the Unity health services since 2010. Its primary mission is to serve the chronically underserved and like Mary’s Center provides bi- lingual capabilities. In addition to its medical providers, it has a large network of mental health counselors and social workers to address the needs of its patient population.

In Patient Facilities (Hospitals) : Adams Morgan does not have a hospital within its borders ; however, it does have three hospitals with level one trauma centers within two miles of its boundaries. A complete list of hospitals within two miles and within four miles is found in maps that appear in our appendi ces.

12 Maps can be found at the Envision document site at: http://www.scribd.com/collections/4078158/Community - Services - and - Facilities - Working - Group

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Local Providers Dentist and Doctors: Adams Morgan has an abundance of physicians and dentists located within our boundari es or adjacent to us. A complete list of those providers and locations can be found in our Appendices.

Senior Services:

Joseph’s House : Joseph’s House is a hospice home for homeless men and women dying of AIDS and other terminal illnesses.

Sara’s Circle: an award winning non - profit that provides housing to very low income seniors and a Wellness Center providing comprehensive services. Its programs create affordable living space and provide services that recognize the disabilities of low- income seniors.

Harvard Towers : a resource for low- income seniors o perated under the DC Housing Authority and open to all citizens of the city.

DC Office of the Aging: This city- wide government agency provides services such as Meals on Wheels to seniors living in our commu nity and a variety of wrap - around services to our low income seniors.

Other Social Service Agencies : Adams Morgan is host to a large number of non - profit organizations -- some engaged in the matters of our community and many others focusing on city- wide, national , or international issues. Below are a selection of non - profits whose focus is Adams Morgan.

Jubilee Housing : Is a faith based non - profit organization established to provide affordable housing and supportive services to economically disadvantaged residents of Adams Morgan. In addition to the housing facilities, they provide a variety of services to both youth and the elderly.

The Festival Center : Is a faith - based organization located in the middle of Adams Morgan and committed to nurturing groups and individuals to overcome their personal challenges and provide a foundation for groups attempting to make social change through their multi - purpose building located on Columbia Road.

Adams Morgan Partnership: The partnership’s primary mission is divided into three parts: maintenance of the business corridors and surrounding streets; security in those same corridors ; and , the promotion and advancement of businesses in the Adams Morgan Community.

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Adams Morgan MainStreet: Its mission is the promotion of Adams Morgan through regular promotions, support of its retail offerings , and the support of small businesses in our community.

Parks and Recreational Services : Adams Morgan has several unique park and recreation al features including having its border facing the beautiful Meridian Hill Park and parts of its Northern and Western boundaries include the nationally known Rock Creek Park. The world famous National Zoo abuts the Lanier Heights community of Adams Morgan.

Kalorama Park: Kalorama Park is a vibrant part of the Adams Morgan community. It is f requented during the day through early evening by community members of all ages utilizing its children’s play areas, the recently renovated basketball courts, or its broa d expanse of green space and inviting sitting areas. The park’s recreational center serves both the youth and adults in the area with games, supervised programs, and available computers. The center also serves as a community resource for meetings and gatherings. The park is supported through the community- based Friends of Kalorama Park. At present, the Kalorama Recreation Center does not have an organized/scheduled set of recreational activities during the school year for our young people beyond the few computers and games found in the recreation center. Furthermore, the recreation center is old and out of step with more modern recreation centers found in other parts of the city.

Walter Pierce Park: Walter Pierce Park enjoys the same type of organized volunteer commitment as its Kalorama counterpart. The park offers much of the same amenities as Kalorama but also has one of the city’s first dog exercise areas. It also has a beautiful field for s occer and other sports. The park was an original burial ground for African - American Union soldiers and African - American residents of the District. Thanks to the efforts of the Kalorama Citizens Associations the burial ground has been identified and recognized b y the National Park Service.

Arts and Cultural Institutions : Adams Morgan has been a destination for the Arts since before the 1960’s , however, d uring the 1960’s and 1970’s artistic efforts flourished along its commercial corridors and dance, music, and theater were regularly performed in unique spaces. Several faith - based organizations led this effort and the community was home to a wide variety of local artists . Below is a partial listing of the artistic venues, organizations, and spaces devoted to the arts.

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PERFORMANCE, EXHIBITION SPACE

District of Columbia Arts Center The District of Columbia Arts Center (DCAC) is a nonprofit organization that “ supports emerging artists who are trying to get a foothold in the public arena.” DCAC includes a 750 square foot gallery and a 50 seat black box theater.

2438 18th Street NW

Washington, DC 20009

202- 462- 7833

info@dcartscenter.org

http://www.dcartscenter.org/

The Potter's House The Potter’s House is a cafe, bookstore, and community space. The Potter’s House provides gallery space for community artists.

1658 Columbia Rd NW

Washington, DC 20009

202- 232- 5483

http://www.pottershous edc.org/

ARTS General The intersection of Adams Morgan, U Street, and DuPont Circle was named one of America’s Top 12 Art Places for 2013. ( http://www.artplaceamerica.org/wp - content/uploads/2013/01/AMERICAS_TOP_ARTPLACES_2013.pdf )

ARTS EDUCATION, CLASSES

Sitar Arts Center (See earlier reference) “Sitar Arts Center brings its diverse community together to give underserved children and youth the opportunity to explore and study the visual and performing arts in an afterschool safe haven. The Center partners with local volunteer artists and arts organizations to provide comprehensive arts education, nurturing relationships and high expectations that enable young people to better know and express themselves as they discover and develop their artistic gifts.”

1700 Kalorama Road, NW

Suite 101 Wash ington, DC 20009 Tel: (202) 797 - 2145 http://www.sitarartscenter.org/

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Hinckley Pottery

Hinckley Pottery is a showroom, shop, and studio. Classes for kids and adults are available and require registration fees.

1707 Kalorama Road NW

Washington, DC 20009

202- 745- 7055

http://www.hinckleypottery.com/

info@hinckleypottery.com

GALLERIES

Morton Fine Art Morton Fine Art “is a curatorial group that collaborates with art collectors and visual artists to inspire fresh ways of acquiring contemporary art.”

1781 Florida Ave NW

Washington, DC 20009

202- 628- 2787

mortonfineart@gmail.com

http://www.mortonfineart.com/

PUBLIC LIBRARIES There are no public libraries located within Adams Morgan. Residents with borrowing privileges can borrow some content onlin e at: http://www.dclibrary.org/downloads . The closest District of Columbia public libraries are:

Mt. Pleasant Neighborhood Library

3160 16th St., NW

Washington, DC 20010

mtpleasantlibrary@dc.gov

202- 671- 3121

http://www.dclibrary.org/mtpleasant

Cleveland Park Neighborhood Library

3310 Connecticut Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20008 clevelandparklib rary@dc.gov

202- 282- 3080

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Civic Organizations :

A community would be hard pressed to survive on its governmental organizations alone. Adams Morgan is blessed to have an array of organizations who share in developing the policy and social character of our community. This is but a partial list of such organization s that help our community maintain its place of importance in the Capital city.

Kalorama Civic Association: Founded in 1919, its mission is a simple one to promote the interest of Adams Morgan and they have been doing it for nearly 100 years. Historical preservation, working with the ANC to monitor the entertainment sections of our community, and working to en sure the peace and security of the entire community are all part of their mission statement. In addition, zoning and preservation of our designated historic districts are part of their mission.

Reed- Cooke Neighborhood Assoc iation: Is a similar neighborhood association that has been monitoring and working to improve the balance and quality of life for the entire area covered by the Reed Cooke overlay. (An explanation of the Reed Cooke overlay may be found in the Land Use and Zoning section of this document). The o rganization has been a champion of both the Marie Reed and the H.D. Cooke elementary schools.

Lanier Heights Neighborhood Association: A relative new comer to the Adams Morgan community, when compared to the two neighborhood associations referenced above, the Lanier Heights association is working to insure the well - being of the Lanier Heights community.

The Churches : Adams Morgan has a strong offering of churches that cater primarily to Christian denominations. They are far too numerous to list here but play a supporting role in the ongoing wel fare of Adams Morgan.

Overall Community Assessment: Adams Morgan is one of the most attractive places to live in Washington DC with elementary s chools that are showing promise, parks and recreation facilities that are attractive, healthcare resources, an organized business community, and a cultural and civic network that is committed to the growth and vibrancy of this community.

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Envision Adams Morgan Co - Chairs

Eric Clifton, Marty Davis, and Ernest Springs

Envision Adams Morgan Working Groups

Economic Development

Patrick Landers

Eric Clifton

Kristen Barden

Denis James

Christine Brooks

Wilson Reynolds

Lisa DuPerier

Educational Facilities

Jeff Wilkes

Marty Davis

Wilson Reynolds

Jarvis Grant

Environment

Kara Davis

Virginia Johnson

Devon Lauer

Historic Preservation

Denis James

Kara Davis

Steve McKevitt

Housing

Steve McKevitt

Christine Brooks

Chris Wells

Chris Otten

John Zottoli

Land Use

Denis James

Wilson Reynolds

Patrick Landers

Peter Lyd en

William Simpson

Social and Community Services

Christine Brooks

Marty Davis

Transportation

Eric Clifton

Kristen Barden

Devon Lauer

Envision Adams Morgan was assisted in its work by the School of Architecture and Planning at Catholic University . Professor Hazel Edwards and her team completed their review of the Adams Morgan neighborhood with the goal of helping Envision Adams Morgan create a profile of the neighborhood as it is at present, before inviting the c ommunity to contribute i deas as to what it could be in the future.

We also benefitted from participation from the Kalorama Citizens Association , the Reed - Cooke Neighborhood Association , and the Adams Morgan Business Partnership Improvement District .

Fina lly, we are indebted to Advisory Neighborhood Commission 1C whose commissioners individually worked on this project and without whose financial support this document would not exist.

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