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P.O. Box 33050 Athens 100 36 Greece


We are the adherents to the Hellenic Religion of Dodecatheon, the traditional-
patrimonial religion of the Greeks since ancient times (more information about us
in our website: We managed to survive through the
centuries, despite the well known persecutions against us based on the Justinian
Code, which directed that we be put to death by torture, using metallic objects; and
the unquenchable hatred of the Eastern Orthodox Church for us.
The National uprising (the revolution of 1821-war of liberation from the
Ottoman Empire) did not lead to religious freedom in Hellas (Greece). On the
contrary, the Eastern Orthodox Church tried in every way possible to bring about
our extinction. We were the victims of an illegal, systematic and forced conversion
effort and our communities in mid-mainland Greece were harshly persecuted. At
long last, and after 1981, at which time the ruling political party's declarations were
made about respecting human rights, we decided to legally demand our Human
rights, as well. We rejoiced therefore when the 2462/1997 law was passed, which
validated the UN General Assembly’s decisions concerning Human Rights. All this,
however, was a false hope, since the aforementioned laws did not pertain or at least
did not apply to all Greek citizens. The laws were merely validated for the purpose
of presenting them to the UN inspectors, so that Greece would not be expelled from
the United Nations!
The Greek State (Hellenic Democracy) has persistently denied us legitimacy. Our
belief and reliance in the system has cost us dearly, since the public appearance of a
number of our followers has made them targets of various illegal persecutions,
repeatedly! Unfortunately, the persecutions continue to this day and the right to
religious freedom is still lacking, completely, at least for us.
Thus, bearing in mind the seriousness of thefollowing accusations, we
categorically and regretably denounce Greece as a country in which Human Rights
are not well protected, at least freedom of religion is not for all of its citizens
There are a number of Human Rights, that we enjoy in Greece of course, such as
the freedom of political affiliation. It is another matter entirely when we wish to
express freely our basic convictions in addressing fundamental rights questions,
such as the one about Man or Cosmos, however!!
Man as a thinking being ponders on these questions. Proof of this is those who
have worked on the Human Rights issues from a philosophical point of view; the
authors of Human Rights charters, as well the governments that have affixed their
signatures of approval of these charters, all unanimously decreed, that the First
Human Right which is the root of all other Rights, is the one concerning religious
freedom. This really constitutes the individual's primary defence against the state’s
authority and its abuse, and has been characterized by legalists as "the root of
individual freedom".
The right to religious freedom is, unfortunately, not equally afforded to all
citizens of Greece, since one must be either Orthodox Christian or else not exist at
all. Thus in reality, despite the attitudes and policies towards other rights, it is of
little or no value at all for us, because of the prevailing attitude towards religion.
The above are not our own views, alone. It is a known fact that the European
Human Rights Court is continuously handing down convictions of Greece,
concerning freedom of religion matters.

The Greek State by its laws divides its citizens into two categories as far as
religion is concerned. To those who believe in the three "Byzantine" religions
(Judaism, Eastern Orthodoxy and Islam), who are afforded the right of religious
freedom; and those of other faiths, denominations or creeds to whom this right
(Right of Religious Freedom) is denied. This latter group is afforded the right to
"holy worship" only, which is a even much less important concept, than Freedon of
Religion afforded the first group.
However, the Greek Government does not even enforce existing laws and
illegally and arbitrarily and against the law and the Constitution, and ignoring its
own signature of approval on all Human Rights International Agreements, totally
deprives certain Greek citizens the Right of Religious Freedom, totally. It goes as
far as to disallow even the right to "holy worship", as well in certain cases!

1) The Greek Government follows a policy of religious oppression…

the result of which is that the Eastern Orthodox Church has essentially become
a ‘State-Enforced religion’ and the other faiths or denominations are barely —if at
all— tolerated. The following certainly point in that direction:
• The obligatory, brainwashing quality catechesis in schools and the
brainwashing of members of the armed forces, the illegal association of public
schools with catechetical schools of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
• The special and favorable treatment of members of the armed forces who
follow the “predominant” faith of Orthodoxy. Even the ability of the military to
perform their duties and the loyalty of public employees is some how dependent or
related to their association with the Christian Orthodox Creed!!!
• The illegal maintaining of extensive files with records of the religious
preferences and beliefs of the citizens who serve as public employees, of students in
schools and generally, of the totality of citizens, by the security related agencies of
the state.
• There is an infinite number of laws in favor of the Eastern Orthodox Church,
including being exempted from taxation and being government supported; the
clergy, for example, the priests are paid by the government as they are considered
employees of the state. Naturally with funds obtained from our taxation in order to
support a religion, that we do not espouse!!
• There is the constant, indispensable and authoritative presence of the Eastern
Orthodox Church officials, ie priests, bishops etc, in every public or state activity ie
the non-religious celebration of national holidays, the religious oath of members of
Parliament and of the ministers of the Government etc. This certainly re-enforces
the idea of a “State Religion”.
• Generally and for some strange reason the State attributes compliance with the
law to having connection with the Eastern Orthodox Church. It also makes it
amply clear to every citizen that if one is not a Christian Orthodox, he is not in
compliance with the law and could be therefore subject to consequences!! An
example of this is a letter sent by an Eastern Orthodox Church bishop to Greek
citizens who had left Orthodoxy and had espoused another denomination, whom he
threatened with deportation, all this in 1970, no less!!!
• A former Minister of Justice of the present Greek Government admits: «The
Church wishes a state that guides its citizens towards a ‘State’ Church in essence.
As a consequence, the state is in violation of fundamental human rights. Today’s
influence of the Church is not due to its own strength based on its teachings,
spiritual work etc. alone, but also on the influence which the Church derives from
its “state” status. As such, the strength of the Church is not dependent on its own
merits alone, but on borrowed strength from the state. The Church’s influence
acquires therefore an exogenous, artificial and unreal dimension to a great extent».
[Michael Stathopoulos, The Constitutional Guarantee of Religious Freedom,
published in Law Matters Regarding Religious Variants in Greece, Athens 1999, p.
• In addition, the Greek Government does not react to the various illegal and
terrorizing acts of the Eastern Orthodox Church against other religions.
Regarding us, especially, the Greek State leaves us without lawful protection, as
such we are subject to all kinds of pressure and without pretence, it grants the
Eastern Orthodox Church of Greece, the right to exert pressure for our extinction; to
hurl insults against us incessantly (officially, by its bishops giving sermons from
the pulpit); to have established offices in every bishopric in order to monitor and
record our activities, this of course against all civil liberties laws [The Greek
Church Holy Synod, officially admitted the latter, as it announced it on Nov 6, 2001].
We have officially denounced this fact to the official and independent ‘PERSONAL
DATA PROTECTION AUTHORITY’ on June 6, 2000, but without any action taken,
to date, to protect us, however. Lastly, the Church attempts to hinder our religious
activities with any method possible, thus violating systematically articles no. 196
and 199 of the Penal Code; and propagates enmity among us and our fellow
citizens!! Our activities are concurrently monitored by the police and other state
security agencies. Regarding this, we made our protests known to the Ministry of
Public Order and the Ministry of Internal Affairs as the superior agency of the
National Intelligence Service; thus far we have had no response.

2) Specifically about the right to Religious Freedom in Greece.

The right to Religious Freedom has two aspects: The social right and that of the

a) The Social Right to Religious Freedom does not exist…

that is a certain religion or creed does not have the self-evident right to exist as a
legal entity within the State's legal order of things. As far as the Greek State is
concerned religions are non-existent and unsubstantial, with the exception of the
three "Byzantine" religions (Judaism, Eastern Orthodoxy and Islam). The State has
granted those religions, special rights and privileges, such as the right to be a
«legal person of Public Law», through specific laws.
The European courts have ruled, however, that such special treatment of certain
religions has to be ‘sufficiently justified’. The Greek State has never provided such
justification, thus far.
Regarding the American State Department’s report on religious freedom in
Greece and Greece's response, the following remarks have to be noted:
1. Greece asserts that all religions are ‘equivalent’. However, apart from the
aforementioned issues, no law exists that would allow a religion to be officially
recognized and to acquire legal entity status. The religions that have acquired legal
entity status, as the above mentioned three religions, have done so through special
laws enacted specifically for them. Consequently, there is surely no equivalency
between all religions, since some have legal entity status being «legal person of
Public Law» and others cannot acquire it.
2. Greece asserts that the observation that minority religions are not allowed to
own property is false, since all physical and legal entities in Greece have this right
to do so. This is not so, however, since a religion, obviously, not a physical entity
and since it does not have the ability to acquire legal entity status, therefore, cannot
own property. An example of that is the recent troubles of the Roman Catholic
Church having been adjudged legally non-existent at all levels of the judicial
b) As far as the right of the individual to religious freedom is concerned…
The right of the individual to religious freedom has many aspects and only
members of the three aforementioned religions enjoy all of them fully.
As far as the other religions or denominations are concerned, the Greek State
arbitrarily and by special legislation, grants to certain of them some but not all
aspects of the many that are part of the right of Religious Freedom of the
For example, the Greek State recognizes and arbitrarily directs the official
recording in the National bureau of Public Records of weddings, baptisms, funerals
and naming ceremonies of certain religions or denominations, only. In order to
remedy this injustice against us we submitted two petitions in 1998, requesting to be
recognized as a religion «known» and «acceptable». We had attached a list of 2.500
signatures requesting this. We had wished to be included in the «Registry of the
‘known’ religions» in order to enable us to record sacraments and ceremonies
conducted by our religion in the Registry of Public Records, as mentioned above,
just as the other recognized religions do. Our petitions were not answered properly.
Additional aspects of the individual’s right of Religious Freedom that we do not
enjoy and especially protest against are (a) the right to dispose the bodies of our
dead by cremation which is the traditional Greek way of disposing the body, since
Homeric Age, and (b) the right to enter and have a Holy Service in our Holy Places.
The Greek Sacred Sites of Antiquity are today the property of Ministry of Culture as
Archaeological sites. We have submitted a lot of petitions requesting to be allowed
to enter in one or two Sacred Sites —just once a year for a half an hour’s Holy
Service— but the Ministry of Culture did not answer our petitions completely, as
such disregarding the right, that we are guaranteed, not only by the Constitution but
also by the «UN declaration concerning the rights of indigenous people to their
sacred places», as well.
For all the other religions or denominations that are not favored by special
legislature, the law of the Greek State recognizes the individual right of Freedom of
Worship, only.
We cannot understand the State’s justification for granting certain religions
rights and priviledges denied to others. The Greek Govermnment categorizes
religions without proper justification!!!

c) As far as the Individual Right of Freedom of Worship is concerned…

it is, the ONLY part of the total number of rights which constitute the Human
Right to Religious Freedom that the Greek State permits to be exercised by
adherrents of “3d category” religions and consists of establishing a Place of
Worship (this has a weaker legal status, than a Church or Temple — According to
law only the Eastern Orthodox Church has the right to have Churches or Temples).
This right is based on two Compulsory Laws passed in 1938-1939, a turbulent
period of dictatorship, and another law passed in 1942, during the German
occupation of Greece. The purpose of these laws was to hinder the granting of even
the minimal of human rights. These laws are unconstitutional from many aspects,
and certain of their provisions insult the citizens' dignity since they humiliate them
by permitting the Orthodox Church to interfere with their right of Freedom of

d) Our petition for permission for a Place of Worship…

Despite of all the above, we DID apply for permission to establish a Place of
Worship according to the aforementioned laws, on June 28, 2001. The petition was
accompanied by a list of significant number of signatures.
After the petition was received by the proper department of the Ministry of
Education and Religious Affairs, civil employees there informed us that our file was
complete, ie we had supplied all the documents necessary and it was a FIRST, for a
file to be so complete and to be accompanied by many more signatures than were
required by law. They also related to us that since, there were so many convictions
of Greece by the European Human Rights Court, exactly, for stalling to issue
permissions for a Place of Worship, this time such a permission would have been
promptly issued.
Despite of such assurances, our petition has not been approved, even though
two and a half years have passed!!!
The Minister of Education and Religious Affairs, Mr. Petros Euthimiou, has not
responded to our requests for a hearing with him! From our several contacts with
the civil employees in the appropriate department we have been left with the
impression that our petition may never be answered, most likely!!
The official and independent authority ‘CITIZEN'S ADVOCATE’ (Obdursman)
that we appealed to, has informed, rather in vain, the Ministry of Education and
Religious Affairs that the Minister can not exercise, in this case, “discretion”, and
that he has the obligation to reply to our petition within a reasonable length of time
and to give a final reply or to explain the reasons for the delay, for not doing so at
all. Just the same was the opinion of the official and independent authority «
Human Rights National committee».
The Greek State tells us that even these humiliating long outdated laws, actually
referred as “fossils” and characterized as such in a scientific article written by the
general secretary of the department of Religions of the Ministry, do not pertain to
us, and that they exist only, to be presented to the UN inspectors, upon request!
In our case, the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs violates the
constitution and laws of the Greek State. It strengthens the obstacles set in our way
by the aforementioned laws and reckons that these laws are indeed very liberal and
it would probably be a good idea, if we were to return to the Justinian Code which
as mentioned above demanded that every citizen either be Christian Orthodox or
not exist at all!!
The Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs conceals the truth, in this case,
from international organizations. According to the official position of the
authorized director of the ministry, who stated during the Conference for the
Religious Freedom on March 8, 2002, that «Now, there is a speedy approval of all
requests for Places of Worship and that there is none pending for approval»!
Similar assurances and explanations were also given to Mr. Rombles, who is
responsible for the European Council.
Thus, having exhausted all of our requests, petitions, appeals and pleas with the
Greek authorities and organizations; we now turn to the public and international
organizations and call on them to morally stigmatize and condemn the hostile
attitude of the Greek Government towards Human Religious Rights. In the hope
that international pressure will come to bear and force the Greek Government to
respect, at last, the Greek Constitution and its signature affixed on International
Human Rights Agreements.

The President of the Committee

Panaghiotis Marinis
Athens, Greece, October 22, 2003