6 Some Notes on Plastics as the Supporting Structure


Lee Sheppard, Incorporated


C.C. R.M., Havertown,


Although not widely recognized by either manufacturers or users, it is possible to “upgrade” an all-plastics vessel to accept thermal conditions, and perhaps even some chemical exposures, beyond the limits of the bare plastic by the use of a lining of chemically-resistant masonry. One such design, now perhaps seven years old, involves all F RP equipment designed to reclaim spent HCI pickling solution in steel mills. The original designer perhaps thought that the very hot concentrated acid, as it entered the 6 foot diameter receiver, might be beyond the acceptable limits of the FRP, and he therefore inserted a 2% inch brick liner in the unit to accept the impingement of the entering HCI. Several units have been built to this design and, to date, no complaints have reached this writer’s ears. However, if the equipment had been larger, the story might well have been different. The high coefficient of thermal expansion of the FRP in larger units, and in cases where a considerable difference between operating and ambient temperatures will occur, will inevitably result in the expansion of the FRP away from the brick lining, resulting in loss of support for the walls and their eventual collapse. A simple brick bottom to withstand abrasion and impingement has a better chance of survival. If the FRP designer plans on a marriage of FRP and masonry, he would do well to carefully study the following documents: Custom Contact Molded Reinforced Polyester Chemical Resistant Proc-

ess Equipment

(PS15-69), a Department of Commerce years old, but still containing much useful information and the manufacture of tanks, ducts and pipes. 85

Standard 15 on materials

the and bonded liquid to.” He must. face will of 96O’F. be used. the coefficient inner FRP they surface ducting. some movement without and then winding on it the resin-glass The joints between the block would of the individual joints be made of an elastomeric The insulation blocks with the FRP to which value of the alive to keep the elastomer on the surface. say. body. a thicker layer of block would pipe and chimney the acceptable the designer If cylindrical shaped temperatures winding fabric they top thermal materials may consider are made. bottom signed to be rigid and ports and external lining will resting crack on it will “oil cans” a brick include break up. laid up upon. “acid remember is to survive within inflexible.86 Corrosion and Chemical Resistant Masonry Materials Handbook Filament Wound Glass Fiber Reinforced Thermoset Resin Chemical Re- sistant Tanks Contact sistant (ASTM D-329981) Reinforced Thermoset Resin Chemical Re- Molded Glass Fiber Tanks (ASTM D-4097%2) the dead weight of all the materials weights that that may be may be conse- He must carefully used in the tained lected he will masonry masonry compute lining and add this to all other structure) in service. operating to prevent any visible (to the unaided vast difference components with eye) deflection. then which 0.) can be attached an elastomeric of FRP and closed cell borosilicate glass block. by filament on a mandril. of the unit FRP). the (cooler and joints the FRP molding. many than require expansion flexible will in the vessel (or other has a coefficient that lining FRP not need to allow Unless the lining material of thermal is much more times that of “acid brick. If a flat the structure adequate. breaking or block. below conductivity at about liners of the block ranges from 0. The design should therefore between then plastics primarily cient reinforcing Because expansion.75.60 to 32O’F. it is possible to operate In these higher thermal while keeping thermal drop ranges. bination FRP structures-and in those that will have high insulating of a com- in the lower thermal ranges when the vessel exteriors with extremely On the other hand. between the the in such design.” for expansion stresses in addition. and Now when block. will a brick lining and probably of the in. materials values may have a very real future book on closed cell borosilicate In contact mold. however. If a wall flexes. block. Therefore. and masonry in thermal qualwill heat transmission masonry good to moderate ities have use in few temperatures be close to ambient. say 2” thick. blocks has been shown by experience at the bottom of the joint to be sufficient even when it is heavily carbonized . built if a must be derigid supagainst it suffibrick. This banding). strong. 600°F. have always been limited to use at which range of the resins from are manufactured first building For greater a vessel so lined at. Chapter with 17. contact temperature be the borosilicate has a top surface operating of thermal FRP Thus. blocks made (See the section of this to the inner adhesive. the molds are stripped. a layer of closed sub- cell borosilicate stance to permit are adhered glass block on the mandril. (and/or fall bracing an FRP structure. Here we are thinking glass block. the back of the block.

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