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Principle of making lesson plan Five guiding principles: Variety a- to meet different learning styles: theorist Activist Pragmatic Reflector b- to consider different intelligence types. c- to keep them interested and avoid monotony Coherence Observe a logical pattern to the lesson: there has to be connection between the different activities in the lesson. Smooth transition is one of the pillars that ensures success of the lesson plan during implementation in the classroom. An activity in a lesson builds on a previous one and prepares for the next. Balance The lesson is a mixture of a number of ingredients: techniques, activities, contents . The successful teacher is the one who is able to observe the right dosage and makes the learners enjoy a savoury lesson. Flexibility ability to use a number of different techniques and not be a slave to one methodology Principled eclecticism. ability to change the plan if it shows inappropriacy to the classroom real situation for one reason or the other Knowledge Learners are intelligent human beings and come to class with knowledge previously acquired. The new lesson should add to that knowledge without excess. The lesson that does not challenge is a lesson that does not motivate. No learning happens if the lesson doesnt present new items beyond students prior knowledge.

2. What are the purpose of making lesson plan ? Purposea. must cover content of class b. needs to be relevant to students c. examples: i. This lesson will help students understand the migration of humpback whale as it relates to the fishing industry ii. This lesson will explain to students how to perform subtraction problems with 09 subtrahends. iii. Students will learn the differences between Gores and Bushs education policies

3. Advantages of Lesson Planning 1. It inspires the teacher to improve the further lessons. 2. It helps the teacher in evaluating his teaching. 3. It develops self confidence in the teacher. 4. Proper care is taken on take into consideration, the level and previous knowledge of students. 5. The teaching matter is organised in a time-frame. 6. It inspires the teacher to ask proper and important questions. 7. It provides guidance to the teacher as to what and home he should teach. 8. It helps in creating the interest of students towards the lesson. 9. It stimulates the teacher to think in an organised manner. 10. It helps the teacher to understand to objectives properly. 4. What is lesson Plan ? lesson plan is a teacher's detailed description of the course of instruction for one class. 5. What do you get in the lesson plan ? a) Being clear on what you want to teach. b) Being ready to cope with whatever happens. c) Give your teaching a framework, an overall shape. d) A reminder for the teacher when they get distracted. e) It suggests a level of professionalism and real commitment.