ISL WEEK 4 (TEACHING WRITING
ADVANTAGES OF DICTATION IN WRITING EXERCISE
Dictation is an exercise wherein one person will speak out and the other will write it. Dictation is a means of getting the children to learn the spellings of words from a long time. There are dictation exercises which are part of every child’s schedule in school. It might look time consuming and boring, but there are many benefits which a child can reap out of it. Let us take a look at the benefits of a dictation exercise. 1. Improve spelling – it is the primary benefit of a dictation exercise to improve one’s spelling. Correlating the words heard and writing them will give the student a chance to recall the word and the spelling. It is important to have a good grasp of the words to help in building one’s vocabulary, not only orally but also in writing. 2. Concentration –When a word is being dictated the student will have to concentrate to listen and understand, thereby improving on one’s concentration skills. 3. Improving pronunciation – dictation will also help in improving the
pronunciation of certain words which differs in the way it is spelt and read. During a dictation, a student will listen to the words and learn to practice their pronunciation and writing. 4. Punctuation practice – a student’s punctuation will also improve with dictation. The way, in which a sentence is written, the correct punctuation marks have to be applied. This will help in revising the basic rules of writing by applying the correct punctuation marks at the right place. 5. Better sentence formation – it helps the students practice better
comprehending and transcription skills. There are times when we find that a sentence has been badly framed. Dictation will help the students to understand and learn the art of correct sentence formation. 6. Forms of speech improve – dictation helps the students to improve their forms of speech. The students will learn to use proper tenses in their sentences.
an extremely useful one. Helps in developing language skills – it can help develop all 4 language skills needed for a person. Increases short term memory – students learn to retain information before writing them. such as listening. which are a part of writing. but it is a language activity. without any real comprehension. With so many benefits of dictation exercise. It is time-consuming. students learn to forecast the next set of words in the sentence.ISL WEEK 4 (TEACHING WRITING) 7. It is an unrealistic activity. It can be accomplished purely mechanically. if done with sensitivity. Time-consuming? Yes. This helps in the overall development of the person’s intellect. It does not really develop writing skills. 3. teacher-centred writing activity with no real input from the student. 4. understanding. which not only increases their level of understanding. And the exposure to and mechanical practice of writing can help to develop the skill in general. it can be time-consuming. Actually. but also their grasp of words. Listening is "word by word" and at an artificial pace. But it does help develop spelling and punctuation. Let's look at these apparent disadvantages more closely. dictation is not really a writing activity. The following disadvantages are mooted: 1. And correction does not have to be word by word (or even done at all if you let the students see the text afterwards). especially if correction is done word by word. and. But the text does not have to be long to be valid.
DISADVANTAGES OF DICTATION IN WRITING PROCESS Dictation is sometimes frowned upon as an outmoded. 8.
. When dictation is in the form of a sentence. it is not right to turn a deaf ear to a productive activity. interpreting and writing. 2. Does not develop writing skills? It's true that dictation does not develop creative writing skills.
Purely mechanical? If that were true. It involves:
listening some writing (spelling. a highly implausible proposition. although admittedly not necessarily verbatim.ISL WEEK 4 (TEACHING WRITING) Unrealistic? Yes and no. As for the pace. For a language learner. punctuation) grammar vocabulary pronunciation
It can also involve:
reading. And the listening is not really "word by word" but "phrase by phrase". if students read the text afterwards for correction speaking. dictation is an all-round activity. we should be able to reproduce a text in any language. if the teacher has to speak too slowly. recreating a text accurately from the spoken word requires concentration and thought. the text is too difficult for the level. in real life we often have to write down what someone says. In many ways. it exercises those parts of the brain that other activities cannot reach. In fact. if students discuss the corrections or the subject matter itself
. Even in our own language.