Manners and Traits Every Muslim Should be Adorned with
by Abdul Karim Al-Khodheir Translated by Abu Maryam Bilal
Islam prescribes certain manners and traits for every Muslim to adorn his / her character. Some of these are:
Truthfulness: ‘Abdullah Bin Mas’ud narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “It
is obligatory for you to tell the truth, for truth leads to virtue and virtue leads to Paradise…and beware of telling of a lie for telling of a lie leads to obscenity and obscenity leads to Hell-Fire...” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]. Hence, truthfulness is a praiseworthy virtue and people should adhere to it. They should not say that,“The conditions forced me to avoid speaking the truth”, since truth is salvation and this is borne by experience as well. For example look at the story of Ka’b Bin Malik about whom the following verses were revealed: “ And (He did forgive also) the three (who did not join the Tabook expedition (whom the Prophet) left (i.e. he did not give his judgement in their case, and their case was suspended for Allah‟s Decision) till for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their own selves were straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah, and no refuge but with Him. Then, He accepted their repentance, that they might repent (unto Him). Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful. O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).” [Al-Tauba 9:118] This story is very clear to illustrate this point [Ka’b and his other two companions did not lie to the Prophet (peace be upon him) by making up false excuses for staying behind the battle. In the words of Ka’b reported in Sahih Al-Bukhari: “By Allah, I do not know whether anyone amongst the Muslims was put to more severe trial than I by Allah because of telling the truth. And since (then)… up to this day I have not told any lie and, by Allah, I have decided not to tell a lie and I hope that Allah would save me (from trials) for the rest of my life.”] Similarly, telling lies is forbidden by consensus of Muslim, save a few exceptions like trying to reconcile hostile parties, false appreciation etc for one’s wife to endear her heart etc. However, generally telling lies is prohibited. There are different levels of lying. Lying to people is of course not allowed, but an even more serious crime is lying against Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him). One of the forms of lying against Allah is to give fatwa (Islamic legal verdict) without Islamic knowledge, may Allah protect us from this. Allah
every Muslim should adorn his character with bravery
. is a trait which should adorn and perfect the character of every Muslim. so as to invent lies against Allah. What is meant by modesty is the sense of shyness which prevents one from doing what is forbidden by Islam or what is customarily viewed as improper in the society. the sort of modesty which prevents one from doing what is obligatory in Islam or forces him to do what is forbidden by Islam. those who invent lies against Allah will never prosper. Saum (fast) is a trust. He should have a pure. i. and the mountains. “Modesty brings forth nothing but goodness. “Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those. This is timidness which is condemnable. On the contrary. He should be pure from all things forbidden by Islam.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari] So. not having sexual relations except with whom a Muslim is lawfully permitted to have them. to whom they are due” [Al-Nisa 4:58] Allah also said. He should have a pure tongue which does not speak unjustly about anyone and does not attack the honor of Muslims. But man bore it. Ghusl (ritual bath) after ritual impurity (janabah) is a trust. then this is not modesty at all. Deceiving Muslims. “Truly. cheating them and not returning what they entrusted you with or lent to you is forbidden by the Qur’an. prevents him from ordering good and forbidding evil or correcting an ignorant person.” [Al-Ahzab 4:72] It is obligatory to discharge this trust and duty which Islam entrusts to a Muslim: prayers (salah) is a trust. Sunnah and the consensus of Muslim scholars.says.” [Sahih Muslim] And it is also authentically reported that the Prophet said.e.
Purity and Chastity:A person should be pure in everything that the word pure can be applied
to. unpolluted heart so that it does not contain envy or spite. may Allah protect us from it. He should also not be boisterous and rowdy in the markets. The most deserving one to enter in the heading of “those who lied against Allah” is the person who gives fatwa and ascribes opinions to Allah (and His religion).and He also said: “And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied against Allah their faces will be black.” [Al-Nahl 16:116]. Bravery: Cowardice is an condemnable trait. Verily. However. Hence it is not permissible for a Muslim to betray this trust in any case. Verily. he was unjust (to himself) and ignorant (of its results).
Trustworthiness (Amanah): An obligatory quality of character is trustworthiness and being
untrustworthy and treacherous is forbidden (haram).e. Is there not in Hell an abode for the arrogant ones?” [Al-Zumar 39:60]. from which the Prophet (peace be upon him) sought Refuge from Allah [Sahih Al-Bukhari] and every Muslim too should seek Allah’s Refuge from it. modesty which does not bring forth anything except goodness. but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it (i. “And say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely: „This is lawful and this is forbidden‟. The most obvious form of purity is chastity. “of the sayings of the early Prophets which the people have got is: If you don't feel ashamed do whatever you like. Allah says. Modesty (Haya): As the Prophet (peace be upon him) said. We did offer Al-Amanah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty and all the duties which Allah has ordained) to the heavens and the earth. afraid of Allahs Torment).
This is one of the best deeds.
There are many other manners and traits that Qur’an and Sunnah recommend for a Muslim to have. his family and all his Companions. Fulfilling promises and pacts: Allah says. as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said. "Who is that. “O you who believe! Fulfill (your) obligations” [Al-Maidah 5:1]Hence. you should not overburden yourself by affecting your own wellbeing. courageous. People needing help should be helped according to one’s ability. a person should be good to his neighbor and should not harm them in any way. “Gabriel continued to recommend me about treating the neighbors Kindly and politely so much so that I thought he would order me to make them as my heirs. to his workplace or wherever else he needs to go.
and courageousness. he also has the right of kinship. unless it is not difficult for you and does not affect your job. Hence. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said. No doubt. He must fulfill all that the agreement entails. stand up and speak out for the truth. He should be brave in the battlefield. Good neighborliness: There are many rights to which a neighbor is entitled to. Helping those who need help as much as possible: For example helping a worker do his job or doing it for him. If he also happens to be a relative. O Allah's Apostle?" He said. he does not believe! By Allah. Once. even doing a sin alone secretly may result in Allah’s Punishment which He may or may not forgive. committing sins openly is a more serious offence. "That person whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]. a Muslim must always fulfill his obligations to others and the pacts or promises he made to them.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari] However. show courage in speech and openly speaking the truth when needed. every Muslim should be generous and should spend what he is required to as long as it does not harm him or become too cumbersome for him. you can hold his hand and act as his guide. He has the right as a brother in Islam and as a neighbor. he does not believe! By Allah.
. Generosity: Stinginess too is a condemnable trait. Allah knows best and may His Peace and Blessings be upon our Prophet. However. Avoidance of all that Allah forbade: A Muslim should always stay away from whatever Islam prohibited for him / her and avoid committing it whether alone or openly in front of other people. he does not believe!" It was said. . Take him to the mosque. if you have to go to your job and on the way you find a blind man whose workplace is in the opposite direction. Should you go and drop him there? No. he said"By Allah. Similarly a blind man who needs a guide. “All the sins of my followers will be forgiven except those of the Mujahirin (those who commit a sin openly or disclose their sins to the people). Islam prescribes that ever Muslim should be brave. For example." [Sahih Al-Bukhari] Hence. shop.