1

International Business Opportunities

Term paper
On International Business Opportunities Course Code: FIN 465 International Financial Management

Submitted to Instructor:
Md. Al-Mamun Senior Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, East West University.

Submitted by: Saima Nusrat Shorna 2009-1-10-055 Date of Submission: 21/12/2011.

2 

International Business Opportunities
Introduction:

United States of America [USA], European Union [EU], China and Muslim World are the most powerful nations of the world. There are 27 countries such as: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain in the EU and 57 Muslim majority countries such as: Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Syria, Egypt. Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Yemen, Morocco, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Niger, Saudi Arabia which combined known as the Muslim World. USA and China are two very strong countries but in EU there are 27 countries and 57 Muslim countries combined know as the Muslim World, so EU and the Muslim World become the most powerful nations. In these four nations international business opportunities like Investment and Financial opportunities are huge. There are some major factors which effect Business opportunities such as: Energy, Agriculture, Food Habit and Transportation or Location advantage. Here we are going to compare these factors among USA, EU, China and Muslim World. 

Business Opportunities in USA:

USA is a very strong nation and US dollar ($) is the strongest currency. USA Energy sector is strong enough for creating international business opportunities. USA produces Biogas, Coal, Electricity, Natural Gas, Uranium etc. USA is ranked 14th position for its oil reservation among 97 countries. USA produces Biogas which is rare in China, EU and Muslim world, so this is an advantage for USA. On the other hand Muslim world is powerful regarding oil production for this USA has to import oil from those countries. USA also has Wind energy installation which is rare in Muslim World. USA is the strongest country for nuclear energy. Agriculture is a major industry in the United States and the country is a net exporter of food. Corn, turkeys, tomatoes, potatoes, peanuts, and sunflower seeds constitute some of the major holdovers from the agricultural endowment of the Americas. In case of agricultural growth Muslim world, China and EU are better than USA. USA exports food 16% more than EU. Alcohol, Beer and Wine consumption in USA is more than China and Muslim World. So, international business opportunity in these sectors is huge in USA. For this USA generates more income than Muslim Countries.

3

International Business Opportunities

Transportation facility of USA is very advanced which is helpful for conducting business including export and import. As USA dollar is an international currency so it do not face much problems regarding export and import. USA imports more from China, such as cheap labor. America is today drowning in a sea of debt. The debt of USA is much higher than its income. Though it seems that USA creates huge business opportunities but logically USA is bankrupted so, these opportunities will not survive for long. 

Business Opportunities in China:

China having cheap labor can produce goods at a very low cost. And it enjoys huge competitive advantage. China is probably the largest exporter of different goods. Apart from that China has huge reserve of foreign currency. So, International business opportunity in China is also increasing. China produces Coal, Natural gas, Uranium etc. They export natural gas but do not import like other countries which is a huge benefit. China is ranked 28th position for exporting Natural gas. China ranks first in worldwide farm output, primarily producing rice, wheat, potatoes, sorghum, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, cotton, oilseed, pork, and fish. China is the leading producer of cotton. China Agricultural growth is 149%. China has a strong advantage of cheap labor and technology. USA buys low priced commodities from China. Because of the low labor cost of China, investment opportunity in China is higher than USA, EU and Muslim World. China labor share is 66% on the other hand USA is only 2%. China produces more rice than USA. China imports 4.92% food and exports 3.23% food which is lower in comparison to USA, EU and Muslim World. China is more export oriented than import which is the main reason of Chinese economic growth. China is famous for its technological growth so, most countries of the world import commodities from China as it is cheaper than any other country products. Chinese population is also very large so investment in China is profitable. 

Business Opportunities in European Union:

In EU there are 27 countries and each country having different strong factor in Energy sector makes EU stronger than USA, China and Muslim World. EU has the highest GDP of the world.

4

International Business Opportunities

The European steel and coal community makes EU more powerful as compare to these other three nations. Forming of euro also create a huge International business opportunity. In EU the trade barriers are very low, but this is a very big problem in Muslim world. Among the 27 countries some countries are strong in coal production, some are strong in biogas production and some imports natural gas more than export and some exports natural gas more than import but together as a union they make a strong Nation which creates more international business opportunities. The European Union is the 7th largest producer of oil in the world. The European Union has large coal, oil, and natural gas reserves. The European Union is the largest exporter in the world and as of 2008 the largest importer of goods and services. Internal trade between the member states is aided by the removal of barriers to trade such as tariffs and border controls. In the Euro zone, trade is helped by not having any currency differences to deal with amongst most members. EU imports food 77% more than USA. 

Business Opportunities in the Muslim World:

There are 57 countries which are known as the Muslim World. Current estimates conclude that the number of Muslims in the world is around 1.57 billion. It represents 23% of world population representing huge market potential. The Muslim World has the total reservation of oil 72%, gas 68% and uranium 34%. Saudi Arabia is a most strong for its oil production, it reserves huge amount of oil. Most of the countries of the world imports oil from these Muslim countries. The agricultural sector of the Muslim world is stronger than USA and EU. It produce rice, wheat, corn, cotton etc. the international business opportunity is higher in the Muslim world than the other countries. The Muslim World controls the 96% of American and European trading route with Asia and Middle east i.e. strait of Gibraltar>Mediterranean>Suez Cannel>Strait of Malacca. Also controls the silk routes. These routes are essential for international business. USA, EU and China all must have to use these routes for export and import. That’s why Muslim world has a huge advantage of their location. Here are some numerical data of these four nation’s energy, agriculture, food habit and transportation that will help to compare among these nations. Here we considered 17 countries of

5

International Business Opportunities

EU and 14 countries of the Muslim world. This comparison will help to understand about the business opportunities in these countries.

Category [ENERGY] Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatt-hours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation

USA 159848 Terajoules 1060000000 531822000 ton 8148.38 3920613000000 71.40% 20.70% 0.77 821.1 542.9 646.7 4,692,668 776,615 20517 22450000000 2331.6 3.80% 835 ton 110 V 6740 MW

China

1,310,000,000 2,204,729,000 ton 904.93 2,054,568,000,000 80.20% 1.20% 0.66 25.9 40.8 39 110,625 6,684 18,260,000,000 1,386.20 5.70% 730 ton 220 V 764 MW

Category [ENERGY] Austria Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use 1,290 Terajoules 516000 ton 4,039,000 ton 3524.21

European Union Belgium 3,395 Terajoules 1360000 ton 218000 ton 5776.1 104000 tons 52,000 ton 3203.24 4,473,000,000 100% Cyprus

Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] 64,172,000,000 89,374,000,000 Electricity Production by source 29.30% 38.40%

6

International Business Opportunities

Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatt-hours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation 0% 1.34 59.30% 1.57 44.7 381,217 Terajoules 9.5 377,950 38,916 284 84300000 33 4.70% 1700 ton 230V 606MW 1.60% 15 ton 230V 95MW 230 V 2 MW 803 96 Terajoules 928655 Terajoules 660,160

152,743,984.861 Btu per capita

Category[ENERGY] Estonia Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatthours] 149 Terajoules 110000 tons 56000 tons 3302.61 7,398,000,000 0.998 0% 0.98

European Union Finland France 1,746 Terajoules 583000 tons 20890000 ton 4,598,000 ton 22.7 million tons 6408.98 4,366.02 87,728,000,000 478,101,000,000 0.39 0.304 1.74 22.4 8.20% 77.10% 1.62 437

7

International Business Opportunities
37,201 Terajoules 27984 Terajoules 37,201 167,381 Terajoules 101566 Terajoules 167,381 12,860,000,000 cubic feet 44.7

Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation

224 144300000 28.6 0.065 1,100 ton 230 V 80.5 MW 262.9 5.70% 230 V 386 MW

1.38% 230 V 6 MW

Category[ENERGY] Germany 59,992 Terajoules 256000000 ton 28018000 ton 4131.38 579,979,000,000 61.80% 29.90% 1.49 164.8 16.4 85.9 3,420,663 362,714 2,625 395800000

Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatthours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels]

European Union Greece Ireland 1,381 Terajoules 1,434 Terajoules 70500000 ton 1800000 tons 70.8 million ton 1000 ton 2634.62 3,854.20 56,946,000,000 25,099,000,000 94.50% 0% 1.18 95.90% 0% 1.18

9,911,000,000 cubic feet 2.4 108,495 4.1 140,007

411 4500000

181

8

International Business Opportunities

Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation

330.4 1.30% 80 ton 230 V 16,628.8 MW

32.7 4.50% 7000 tons 230 V 489 MW

14.3 0.20% 230 V 338.9 MW

Category[ENERGY]

Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatthours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation Category[ENERGY]

European Union Italy Luxembourg Malta 311 Terajoules 22400000 ton 111,000 ton 2,973.95 8409 328,114,000,000 7,462,000,000 78.60% 57.30% 0% 0% 1.59 3.6 0.17 73.3 19,452 Terajoules 54,829 2,088.49 1,925,000,000 100% 0%

1,871 5866000000 183.6 1% 230 V 1,125 MW 230 V 35 MW European Union Netherlands Portugal 5,095 Terajoules 424 Terajoules Slovakia 205 Terajoules 230 V

Biogas Gross Production

9

International Business Opportunities
78,000 ton 6,670,000 147,000 ton 4,761.54 2,459.29 112,664,000,000 47,529,000,000 89.90% 64.50% 4.30% 1.69 1.26 3.9 68.8 655,612 Terajoules 764,779 1,738,959 1003 88,060,000 95.3 1.10% 230 V 1,078 MW 3.1 181,102 325 25 0.90% 4 ton 230 V 522 MW 715,000 ton 3,233.79 27,387,000,000 30.30% 53.60% 1.13 18.1 5,876 Terajoules 6.8 281,273 14,461 74 4,500,000 18.6 0.50% 230 V 5 MW

Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatthours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation

Category[ENERGY] Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatt-hours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules]

European Union Slovenia Spain 284 Terajoules 39000 ton 45,190,000 6,000 ton 8,548,000 ton 3,288.04 3,083.50 13,649,000,000 252,909,000,000 35.20% 50.40% 36.80% 27.20% 1.03 1.2 5.3 63 160 Terajoules 25,158 Terajoules 27.3 43,050 1,407,156

10

International Business Opportunities

Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation Category[ENERGY] Bangladesh Biogas Gross Production 0 Coal Consumption 718000 ton Coal Production 1400000 ton Commercial Energy Use 142.43 Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] 19,428,000,000 kWh Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel 93.70% Electricity Production by source Nuclear 0% Gasoline Prices 0.75 Nuclear energy consumption [terawatt-hours] 0 Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation 13.2 13.2

1,593 10,500,000 145.5 1.30% 37 ton 230 V 8,263 MW

1.50% 2 ton 230 V

Muslim World Pakistan 0 1600000 ton 4871000 ton 463.14 64,630,000,000 kWh 68.80% 3% 0.87 1.7 terawatthours 23.2 25.7 Egypt 0 2200000 ton 33000 ton 54,804,000,000 kWh 81% 0 0.43 0 26.8 25.7

86 28,450,000 16.6 46% 0 220 V 0

296 341,800,000 47.2 29.50% 40 ton 230 V 0

588,222 566 2,700,000,000 53.8 3.20% 0 220 V 300 mw

11

International Business Opportunities

Category[ENERGY] Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatthours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation Category[ENERGY]

Muslim World Iran Turkey Algeria 0 295 Terajoules 0 2300000 ton 81100000 ton 542000 ton 13330000 ton 2170000 ton 5000 ton 137,052,000,000 24,044,000,000 kWh kWh 97.10% 0 0.08 0 85.5 87.1 203,707 186,351 1551 133,300,000,000 155.5 0.70% 400 ton 230 V 11 mw 0% 0 1.44 0 34,355 Terajoules 22.1 1,029,654 688 288,400,000 85.5 3.10% 7400 ton 230 V 20.6 mw Muslim World Morocco 0 1826000 ton 2000 ton 17,733,000,000 kWh 95.40% 0% Iraq Afghanistan 26,288,000,000 kWh 99.70% 0% 0.44 0 0.82 21.2 2,341,995 242 12,460,000,000 30.6 1.50% 19500 ton 230 V 0

Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear

33000 ton 1,189.74 31,594,000,000 98.40% 1.60% 460,000,000 36.30% 0%

12

International Business Opportunities
1.34 0 17,957 Terajoules 2003 est. 0.05 100 Terajoules

Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatt-hours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation Category[ENERGY]

80,000 100,000,000 112,500,000,000

4% 0 220 V 53.9 MW

230 V

220 V

Muslim World Yemen Syria Niger 8,500 ton 182,000 ton 1137.03 3,360,000,000 24,481,000,000 100% 57.60% 0% 0% 0.72 5.2 245,000,000 100% 0% 1.11

Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatt-hours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production

4370000000

2,500,000,000

1.40%

0%

80.60% 3093 ton

13

International Business Opportunities
230 V 220 V 1.45 MW 220 V

Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation

Category[ENERGY] Biogas Gross Production Coal Consumption Coal Production Commercial Energy Use Electricity Power Consumption [kwh] Electricity Production by source Fossil fuel Electricity Production by source Nuclear Gasoline Prices Nuclear energy consumption [terawatt-hours] Natural Gas Production [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Consumption [Billion Cubic metres] Natural Gas Import [Terajoules] Natural Gas Export [Terajoules] Oil Consumption [Thousand barrels daily] Oil Reserves [barrels] Primary Energy Consumption [Million Tones oil equivilant] Traditional fuel consumption Uranium Production Wall Plug Voltage Wind Energy Installation

Muslim World Azerbaijan Saudi Arabia

1,454.03 20,246,000,000 89.70% 0% 0.92 4.6 8.5 182,731 2,375 91 589,000,000 12.8 0% 220 V

5081.43 148032000000 100% 0% 0.39 64 64

1728 262700000000 137.2 0% 110 V

Category[AGRICULTURE] Agricultural Growth Agricultural machinery [tractors] Cereal Production [thousand metric tons] Cereal Production growth

USA 117 4760000 117 28%

China 149 995,421 149 27%

14

International Business Opportunities
17559 103.4 kg 107.50% 2% 46% 950000 hectares 256280000 6420000 18260000 63810000 22392 30% 1.63 -1.71% European Union Belgium 114 104,971 114 0% 289,000 tons 101% 1.80% 0% 22,410 hectares 1 metric 15,406 metric tons 105% Cyprus 17,150 25,500 255.6 kg 117.80% 66% 191% 301,295 hectares 24,070,000 26,510,000 22,300,000 86,490,000 170,478 22% 15.23 5.20%

Cotton Production Fertilizer use Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth Category[AGRICULTURE] Austria Agricultural Growth 101 Agricultural machinery [tractors] 330000 Cereal Production [thousand metric 101 tons] Cereal Production growth -8% Cotton Production Fertilizer use 151.7 kg Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth 102.20% 4.90% 15% 0 hectares

703 -26% 2.29 -8.59%

2,776 0% 1.51 7.79%

-10.92%

15

International Business Opportunities

Category[AGRICULTURE] Estonia Agricultural Growth 47 Agricultural machinery [tractors] 54,054 Cereal Production [thousand metric 47 tons] Cereal Production growth 0% Cotton Production Fertilizer use 25.6 kg Food production index 102.10% Labor share 11% Meat production growth 0% Organic cropland 20,141 hectares Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand 417 metric tons] Root and tuber production growth 0% Value Added 5.92 Value Added Annual % growth -2.21% Category[AGRICULTURE] Germany 92 944,000 92 21% 228.2 kg 102.90% 2.40% -27% 0 hectares

European Union Finland 94 194,000 94 33% 140.6 kg 103.60% 5.30% 2% 0 hectares France 105 1,264,000 105 22% 211.7 kg 101.60% 3.20% 27% 419,750 hectares 11,980,000

758 7% 3.49 1.57%

30,640,000 6,378 -11% 2.88 -11.18%

European Union Greece 102 255,000 102 -15% 1,700 118.7 kg 95.30% 16.20% -1% 0 hectares Ireland 107 155,000 107 -3% 594.5 kg 98.40% 9.80% 46% 30,070 hectares

Agricultural Growth Agricultural machinery [tractors] Cereal Production [thousand metric tons] Cereal Production growth Cotton Production Fertilizer use Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland

16

International Business Opportunities

Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth Category[AGRICULTURE]

120,000 1,530,000 19,260,000 12,446 -35% 1.25 -4.93% 915 -10% 7.63 -2.14% 562 -15% 3.61

European Union Italy 101 1,680,000 101 13% 1 159.4 kg 98.10% 5.10% 11% 1,230,000 hectares 8,100,000 830,000 Luxembourg 7,418 Malta 500

Agricultural Growth Agricultural machinery [tractors] Cereal Production [thousand metric tons] Cereal Production growth Cotton Production Fertilizer use Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth Category[AGRICULTURE]

106.80%

2,113 -14% 2.83 -2.26%

0.81 -8.25 European Union

Agricultural Growth Agricultural machinery [tractors] Cereal Production [thousand metric tons]

Netherlands 99 149,500 99

Portugal 98 169,000 98

Slovakia 78 23,479 78

17

International Business Opportunities
24% 450.2 kg 95.10% 3.30% 23% 38,000 hectares -9% 84.3 kg 98.90% 12.30% 73% 0% 64.3 kg 8.80% 0 hectares

Cereal Production growth Cotton Production Fertilizer use Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth

7,919 13% 2.72 1.08%

1,198 -22% 3.81 -8.42%

564

4.1 7.92%

Category[AGRICULTURE] Agricultural Growth Agricultural machinery [tractors] Cereal Production [thousand metric tons] Cereal Production growth Cotton Production Fertilizer use Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth

European Union Slovenia Spain 100 108,166 100 125.50% 369.4 kg 108.50% 1.80% 0.00% 5,280 hectares 0.00%

109 943653 109 5% 400 118kg 105.90% 7% 63% 485,079 hectares 600000 400

498 3.32 -5.12%

3483 -32% 3.57 -0.73%

18

International Business Opportunities

Category[AGRICULTURE] Bangladesh Agricultural Growth 111 Agricultural machinery [tractors] 5530 Cereal Production [thousand metric 111 thousand tons] metric tons Cereal Production growth 23% Cotton Production 70 Fertilizer use 156.3 kg Food production index 104.60% Labor share 54.70% Meat production growth 72% Organic cropland 0 Corn Production 0 Rice Production 26150000 Cotton Production Wheat Production 1250000 Root and tuber production [thousand 1,930 thousand metric tons] metric tons Root and tuber production growth 12% Value Added 23.28 Value Added Annual % growth 2.21% Category [Agriculture] Iran Agricultural Growth 141 Agricultural machinery [tractors] 258000 Cereal Production [thousand metric 141 thousand tons] metric tons Cereal Production growth 0% Cotton Production 380 Fertilizer use Food production index 115.40% Labor share Meat production growth 0 Organic cropland 0 Corn Production 0

Muslim World Pakistan 129 320500 129 thousand metric tons 32% 8350 135.1 kg 110.60% 46.60% 0 0 0 4850000 19190000 1,556 thousand metric tons 78% 24.95 7.46% Muslim World Turkey 111 997620 111 thousand metric tons 3% 4200 78.3 kg 103.90% 45.50% 12% 0 0 Algeria 127 97180 127 thousand metric tons 60% 0 11.3 kg 116.80% 24% 0% 0 0 Egypt 138 89700 138 thousand metric tons 86% 1000 385.8 kg 110.90% 32.60% 0 0 5740000 3900000 6440000 2,439 thousand metric tons 29% 3.26%

19

International Business Opportunities
2180000 13500000 3,242 thousand metric tons 0% 7.08% 0 16800000 5,122 thousand metric tons 21% 13.74 5.68% 0 2970000 1,071 thousand metric tons 23% 9.81 1.90%

Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth Category[Agriculture]

Muslim World Morocco 107 49010 107 thousand metric tons 4% 1 32.2 kg 132.10% 35.30% 77% 11,956 hectares 0 0 Iraq 98 46000 98 13% 30 67 kg 9.60% -93% Afghanistan 112 840 112 17% 85 0.6 kg 66.60% 0%

Agricultural Growth Agricultural machinery [tractors] Cereal Production [thousand metric tons] Cereal Production growth Cotton Production Fertilizer use Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth

5150000 1,195 thousand metric tons 403 50% 15.62 -17.70% 176%

235 5%

11.31% 29.10% Muslim World

Category[Agriculture] Yemen 122 6500 122

Agricultural Growth Agricultural machinery [tractors] Cereal Production [thousand metric tons]

Syria 147 106745 147

Niger 126 128 126

20

International Business Opportunities
-5% 65 11.3 kg 110.50% 49.90% 11% 48% 1300 121.70% 63% 20% 5 1 kg 118.40% 87.50% 57%

Cereal Production growth Cotton Production Fertilizer use Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons] Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth

1300000 192 24% 3.53% 419s 16% 22.46 3% 268 11% 40.38 6.04%

Category[Agriculture] Agricultural Growth Agricultural machinery [tractors] Cereal Production [thousand metric tons] Cereal Production growth Cotton Production Fertilizer use Food production index Labor share Meat production growth Organic cropland Corn Production Rice Production Cotton Production Wheat Production Root and tuber production [thousand metric tons]

Muslim World Azerbaijan Saudi Arabia 57 30,140 57 0% 1.1 kg 121.10% 26.20% 0% 2,500 hectares

9930

104.6 kg 118.60% 9.20%

2100000 249

21

International Business Opportunities
0% 17.3 7.50%

Root and tuber production growth Value Added Value Added Annual % growth

1.77%

Category [Food] Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

USA 8.3 litres per capita 85 litres 12.09% 46.8 litres 3 kgs 42.8 litres 216 litres 0.2 kgs 4.8 litres 7 litres 9.51 4.40% 6.85%

China

13.21%

2.94 4.92% 3.23%

Category [Food] Air Transport [million tons/km] Aircraft Departures Cars and Motor Vehicles Total Highways Travel services [%of commercial service exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] Category [Food] Austria 11.1 litres per capita 106 litres

USA 37357.64 8534500 478 per 1000 person 6406296 km 28.82% 46.56

China 7,579.40 840,900 10 per 100 person 1,402,698 km 39.64% 1.77

European Union Belgium 10.7 litres per capita 98 litres Cyprus

Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption

22

International Business Opportunities
18.72% 86.5 litres 5.5 kgs 37.3 litres 78.8 litres 0.3 kgs 3.2 litres 36 litres 17.88% 117.1 litres 5 kgs 22.5 litres 102.9 litres 0.1 kgs 2.6 litres 30 litres 38.75%

Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

6.35%

8.03%

37.1 15.48% 18.05%

Category[Transportation] Austria 537.47 133,100 495 per 1,000 people 200,000 km 29.36% 52.48

European Union Belgium 705.13 178,300 448 per 1,000 people 148,216 km 18.38% 153.24 European Union Estonia Finland 9.3 litres capita 79 litres 16.02% 14 litres 10.1 kgs 33 litres 52 litres 0.3 kgs 5.7 litres 10 litres France per 14.8 litres per capita 41 litres 13.07% 146.6 litres 3.9 kgs 23.5 litres 37.2 litres 0.2 kgs 7.2 litres 47 litres Cyprus 47.96 13,300 450 per 100 person 13,491 km 37.67%

Air Transport [million tons/km] Aircraft Departures Cars and Motor Vehicles Total Highways Travel services [%of commercial service exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] Category[Food]

Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption

14.88%

23

International Business Opportunities
10.17 12.50% 6.51%

Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

1.83%

10.69%

Category[Transportation]

European Union France 5,802.44 785,700 469 per 1,000 person 894,000 km 36.68% 60

Estonia Finland Air Transport [million tons/km] 1.3 353.58 Aircraft Departures 8,400 128,900 Cars and Motor Vehicles 353 per 100 403 per 1,000 person person Total Highways 51,411 km 78,137 km Travel services [%of commercial service 30.41% 12.91% exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] 12.96 15.67 Category[Food]

European Union Germany Greece Ireland 10.2 litres per 9.2 litres per 13.5 litres per capita capita capita 119 litres 155 litres 8.59% 21.33% 37.16% 109.2 litres 27.1 litres 5.7 kgs 0.7 kgs 38.6 litres 15.1 litres 72 litres 126 litres 0.7 kgs 1.5 kgs 5.3 litres 5.3 litres 26 litres 13 litres 5.62 25.41 7.87% 12.77% 4.17% 21.97% 8.44%

Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

Category[Transportation] Germany

European Union Greece Ireland

24

International Business Opportunities
64.07 102,500 329 per 100 person 117,000 km 39.88% 28.5 107 164,300 272 per 1,000 person 92,500 km 8.32% 16.21

Air Transport [million tons/km] Aircraft Departures Cars and Motor Vehicles

7,722.13 782,000 508 per 1,000 person Total Highways 230,735 km Travel services [%of commercial service 19.62% exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] 124.34 Category[Food] Italy 8 litres capita 29 litres 9.42% 155 litres 3.2 kgs 13.6 litres 50.2 litres 0.1 kgs 2.7 litres 54 litres

European Union Luxembourg per 15.5 litres per capita 0 13.40% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.47 11.97% 6.89% Malta

Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

34.75%

6.44%

4.68 15.57% 3.55%

Category[Transportation] Italy Air Transport [million tons/km] 1,365.13 Aircraft Departures 394,500 Cars and Motor Vehicles 539 per 1,000 person Total Highways 479,688 km Travel services [%of commercial service 39.76% exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] 115.31

European Union Luxembourg 5,149.69 38,200 686 per 100 person 5,189 km 8.97% Malta 11.11 15,100 607 per person 2,254 km 48.58%

100

25

International Business Opportunities
Category[Food] Netherlands 9.7 litres per capita 80 litres 60.41% 16.9 litres 7.1 kgs 28.1 litres 96.1 litres 0.8 kgs 4.7 litres 20 litres 14.67 10.94% 13.92% European Union Portugal Slovakia 11.4 litres per 7.6 litres per capita capita 19.07% 7.62%

Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

11.33 13.07% 7.88%

3.63 5.53% 4.27%

Category[Transportation] Netherlands Air Transport [million tons/km] 4,893.97 Aircraft Departures 227,200 Cars and Motor Vehicles 383 per 1,000 person Total Highways 116,500 km Travel services [%of commercial service 13.36% exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] 196.48 Category[Food]

European Union Portugal Slovakia 235.24 0.32 96,000 1,800 537 per 100 237 per 100 person person 68,732 km 42,717 km 52.83% 26.44% 37.74 29.1 European Union Spain 14.6 litres per capita 9.46% 13.28%

Slovenia Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption

26

International Business Opportunities

Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

3.78 6.94% 3.30%

13.48 8.72% 14.10%

Category[Transportation] Air Transport [million tons/km] Aircraft Departures Cars and Motor Vehicles Total Highways Travel services [%of commercial service exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] Category[Food] Bangladesh Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

European Union Slovenia Spain 2.64 1,021.74 13,200 517,500 413 per 100 person 471 per 100 person 20,177 km 663,795 km 45.22% 51.42% 45.12 37.42 Muslim World Pakistan Egypt

32.62%

35.06%

17.75%

6.52 22.46% 7.91%

9.86%

9.77%

27

International Business Opportunities
Category[Transportation] Muslim World Pakistan 407.93 million tons/km 52600 8 per 100 person 254410 km 8.86% Egypt 286.95 tons/km

Bangladesh Air Transport [million tons/km] 183.49 million tons/km Aircraft Departures 6500 Cars and Motor Vehicles 2 per 100 person Total Highways 207486 km Travel services [%of commercial service 14.78% exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] 0.97 per square km Category[Food] Iran Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

million

30 per 100 person 64000 km 47.41%

1.58 per square 17.23 per square km km Muslim World Turkey 1.5 litres capita 30.91% Algeria per

35.76%

9.07%

3.51%

10.49%

0.26 16.34% 0.19%

Category[Transportation]

Muslim World Iran Turkey Algeria 98.22 million 382.95 million 31.62 million tons/km tons/km tons/km 106000 44300 23 per 100 67 per 100 87 per 100 person

Air Transport [million tons/km] Aircraft Departures Cars and Motor Vehicles

28

International Business Opportunities
person person 385960 km 71.04%

Total Highways 104000 km Travel services [%of commercial service 36.92% 22.29% exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] 1.66 per square 7.01 per square 4.2 per square km km km Category[Food] Morocco Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports] Muslim World Iraq Afghanistan

33.15%

18.89%

22.11 11.18% 19.04%

0.03 14.94% 30.86%

54.86 16.32% 36.07%

Category[Transportation]

Muslim World Afghanistan 7.81 3400 0 per 100 person 21,000 km 4.09%

Morocco Iraq Air Transport [million tons/km] 60.76 million 42.8 tons/km Aircraft Departures 44300 Cars and Motor Vehicles 53 per 100 person 50 per 100 person Total Highways 57707 km 45,550 km Travel services [%of commercial service 60.90% exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km] 4.46 per square 2.54 km

29

International Business Opportunities
Category[Food] Yemen Muslim World Syria Niger

Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

48.33%

32.99%

32.25%

4.43%

14.68%

18.34 24.88% 30.45%

Category[Transportation] Yemen 66.81

Muslim World Syria 22.12 13600 43381 km 76.94% 243 Niger 7.36 700 4 per person 10100 km 35.63% 0.2

Air Transport [million tons/km] Aircraft Departures Cars and Motor Vehicles Total Highways 67000 km Travel services [%of commercial service 63.31% exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km]

Category[Food] Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption

Muslim World Azerbaijan Saudi Arabia

7.09%

30

International Business Opportunities

Tea Consumption Total Spirit Consumption Wine Consumption Exports Imports [% of merchandise exports] Exports [% of merchandise exports]

1.11 15.61% 7.48%

0.53 11.34% 0.69%

Category [Transportation] Air Transport [million tons/km] Aircraft Departures Cars and Motor Vehicles Total Highways Travel services [%of commercial service exports] Vehicle abundance [per square km]

Muslim World Azerbaijan Saudi Arabia 11.92 1021.45 7900 108000 51 per person 336 per 100 person 24,981 km 151470 km 12.43% 22.74% 4.36 3.68

According to the above data we can compare among these four nations on the basis of energy, agriculture and food consumption. Here is the comparison:

Category Energy

USA  Productions: Biogas, Coal, Electricity, Nuclear energy, Natural Gas, Uranium, Wind Energy.  Oil Reserve: 22450000000 barrels.

European Union China  Productions:  Productions: Biogas, Coal, Coal, Electricity Nuclear energy, Wind Energy, Natural Gas, Uranium, Natural Electricity, Uranium, Gas. Wind Energy  Oil Reserve: Installation. 1,826,000,000 barrels.  Oil Reserve: Austria: 84300000 barrels, France: 144300000 barrels, Greece: 4500000 barrels, Germany: 395800000 barrels, Italy: 5866000000 barrels.

Muslim World  Productions: Coal, Electricity, Natural Gas, Oil, Uranium.  Oil Reserve: Saudi Arabia: 262,700,00 0,000 barrels, Azerbaijan: 58,90,00,000 barrels Syria: 2,50,00,00,000 barrels Yemen: 4370000000 barrels Iraq:

31

International Business Opportunities
112,500,000,000 barrels.

Agriculture

 Agricultural Crops: Corn,

Agricultural Crops: 

Rice: Greece, Italy, Rice, Cotton, Spain. Wheat, Cereal. Corn: France, Italy.  Root and tuber Cereal: Austria,  production. Belgium, Estonia, France, Greece, Italy,  Meat Ireland, Netherlands,  production Portugal, Slovakia, growth: 46% Slovenia, Spain.  Organic Cotton: Greece and  cropland: Spain. 950000 Wheat: France and hectares. Germany.
 Root and tuber production.  Meat production:

Agricultural Crops: Corn, Rice, Cotton, Wheat, Cereal.

Meat production growth: 191% Root and tuber production. Organic cropland: 301,295 hectares.

 Agricultural Crops: Corn, Rice, Cotton, Wheat, Cereal, Tobacco.  Meat production: Niger, Yemen, Syria, Turkey, Morocco, Bangladesh.  Root and tuber production.  Organic cropland:

Azerbaijan, Morocco.

Food

 Alcohol Consumption  Beer Consumption  Beverage and tobacco  Bottled Water Consumption  Coffee Consumption  Fruit juice consumption  Soft Drink Consumption  Tea Consumption  Total Spirit

        

Austria, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain. Organic cropland: Slovenia, Spain, Netherlands, Italy, Ireland, France, Estonia, Belgium. Alcohol Consumption Beer Consumption Beverage and tobacco Bottled Water Consumption Coffee Consumption Fruit juice consumption Soft Drink Consumption Tea Consumption Wine Consumption

 Beverage and tobacco  Imports [% of merchandise exports]: 4.92%  Exports [% of merchandise exports]: 3.93%

 Beverage and tobacco  Alcohol Consumption: Turkey.

32

International Business Opportunities
Consumption  Wine Consumption  Imports [% of merchandise exports]: 4.40%  Exports [% of  merchandise exports]: 6.85%

Conclusion:

International Business opportunities in these four nations are huge. But in some resources they are stronger and in some resources they are weaker than one another. As we can see that the unified Muslim World differs a lot from the Western World like USA and European Union countries. USA, China and EU economy are very strong than Muslim World countries. Muslim countries are poorer as compare to non-Muslim countries, but the percentage of Muslims in this world is very high. This can be considered as a huge international business opportunity. Chinese economy in now in booming stage and recession period is going in the USA. This is also a matter of consideration in international business opportunities. Although it looks like USA is a better option for business but it is wrong. USA is today drowning in a sea of debt; from a bookkeeping perspective America is bankrupt. Also European Union is unable to be in their position like before. So, we think China and the Muslim World have some business opportunities that may help to lead them to a better position in the international market.

33 

International Business Opportunities
Reference:

 Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 7.37 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/us-united-states/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 7.39 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/country/us-united-states/agr-agriculture  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 7.41 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/us-united-states/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 7.45 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/us-united-states/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 7.50 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sa-saudi-arabia/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 7.53 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sa-saudi-arabia/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 7.58 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sa-saudi-arabia/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.01 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sa-saudi-arabia/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.06 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ym-yemen/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.10 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ym-yemen/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.16 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ym-yemen/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.23 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ym-yemen/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.28 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sy-syria/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.34 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sy-syria/agr-agriculture&all=1

34

International Business Opportunities

 Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.38 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sy-syria/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.45 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sy-syria/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.50 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ng-niger/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.53 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ng-niger/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 8.58 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ng-niger/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.01 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ng-niger/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.07 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/iz-iraq/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.10 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/iz-iraq/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.15 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/iz-iraq/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.20 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/iz-iraq/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.24 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/af-afghanistan/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.28 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/af-afghanistan/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.28 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/af-afghanistan/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.35 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/af-afghanistan/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.37 P.M. from:

35

International Business Opportunities
http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/aj-azerbaijan/ene-energy&all=1

 Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.42 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/aj-azerbaijan/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.48 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/aj-azerbaijan/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.52 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/aj-azerbaijan/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 9.58 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ch-china/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 10.05 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ch-china/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 10.12 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ch-china/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 10.20 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/ch-china/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 10.26 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/lu-luxembourg/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 10.35 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/lu-luxembourg/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 10.42 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/lu-luxembourg/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 10.46 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/lu-luxembourg/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 10.53 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/mt-malta/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 11.07 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/mt-malta/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 11.12 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/mt-malta/foo-food&all=1

36

International Business Opportunities

 Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 11.16 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/mt-malta/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 11.21 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/nl-netherlands/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 11.27 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/nl-netherlands/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 11.32 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/nl-netherlands/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 9, 2011, at BST 11.39 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/nl-netherlands/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 9.48 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/po-portugal/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 9.52 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/po-portugal/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 9.59 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/po-portugal/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 10.12 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/po-portugal/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 10.18 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/lo-slovakia/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 10.25 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/lo-slovakia/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 10.32 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/lo-slovakia/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 10.41 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/lo-slovakia/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 10.50 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/si-slovenia/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 10.56 P.M. from:

37

International Business Opportunities
http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/si-slovenia/agr-agriculture&all=1

 Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 11.01 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/si-slovenia/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 11.10 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/si-slovenia/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 11.16 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sp-spain/ene-energy&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 11.20 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sp-spain/agr-agriculture&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 11.35 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sp-spain/foo-food&all=1  Retrieved: December 10, 2011, at BST 11.42 P.M. from: http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/sp-spain/tra-transportation&all=1  Retrieved: December 14, 2011, at BST 7.15 P.M. from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Member_state_of_the_European_Union  Retrieved: December 14, 2011, at BST 8.10 P.M. from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_the_European_Union  Retrieved: December 14, 2011, at BST 8.30 P.M. from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_the_United_States

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.