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209 The Family Code of the Philippines Ta le of Contents
(To get to the article you want, click the Title, Chapter or Section headings. For a discussion of relevant issues, please surf to the weblogs Legal Updates, Salt and Light, Ca pus Connection and Fa ilies of Faith. !ou can also download free "#F newsletters on legal issues.$ Title !. "arria#e Chapter $. %e&uisites of "arria#e %rticle & %rticle ) %rticle + %rticle , %rticle . %rticle / %rticle 0 %rticle 2 %rticle 3 %rticle &5 %rticle && %rticle &) %rticle &+ %rticle &, %rticle &. %rticle &/ %rticle &0 %rticle &2 %rticle &3 %rticle )5 %rticle )& %rticle )) %rticle )+ %rticle ), %rticle ). %rticle )/ 'arriage, defined( purposes and characteristics 'arriage, essential re*uisites 'arriage, for al re*uisites -ffect of absence of essential or for al re*uisites 'ini u age for arriage 'arriage cere ony "ersons authori1ed to sole ni1e arriages "lace of sole ni1ation of arriage 4ssuance of arriage license 'arriage by consular officials 'arriage license application #eter ination of re*uired age by local civil registrar #ocu ents re*uired if parties were previously arried "arental consent re*uired "arental advice re*uired 'arriage counseling re*uired "osting of notice of arriage license application 6nowledge of arriage i pedi ents by local civil registrar 'arriage license fees 7alidity of arriage license 'arriage by foreign citi1ens 'arriage certificate or contract #istribution of copies of arriage certificate #uty of local civil registrar to prepare docu ents, ad inister oaths 8egistry 9ook 'arriage by Filipinos outside the "hilippines
Chapter 2. Exempt From 'icense %e&uirement %rticle )0 %rticle )2 'arriage in articulo ortis 'arriage in an inaccessible place
%rticle .0 %rticle .. Sworn affidavit of sole ni1ing officer %ffidavit to be sent to local civil registrar 'arriage sole ni1ed by ship captain or airplane pilot 'arriage sole ni1ed by ilitary co ander 'arriage by 'usli s and cultural inorities 'arriage by parties who have cohabited for at least five years Chapter (.3 %rticle .5 %rticle .0 %rticle .3 %rticle /5 Legal separation. %rticle +/ %rticle +0 %rticle +2 %rticle +3 %rticle .) %rticle . %rticle . valid subse*uent arriage Subse*uent arriage ter inated by recording of affidavit of reappearance -ffects of ter ination of second arriage by reappearance 9ad faith of both spouses of subse*uent arriage <rounds for annul ent of arriage Circu stances that constitute fraud "rescriptive period to bring action for annul ent 8ules in actions for annul ent or declaration of absolute nullity of arriage Support and custody during pendency of cases 'atters to be disposed of in final =udg ent #elivery of presu ptive legiti es 8egistration of final =udg ent of annul ent or declaration of absolute nullity -ffects of subse*uent arriage without registration of final =udg ent Legiti acy of children of voidable or void arriages .2 %rticle . 9ack to top Title !!. 'e#al *eparation %rticle .. defined <rounds for denial of petition for legal separation "eriod to file action for legal separation Si> onths cooling?off period #uty of Court to initiate reconciliation :o legal separation based on stipulation of facts or 7oid arriages "sychological incapacity 7oid incestuous arriages 7oid arriages by reason of public policy :o prescription in void arriages .+ %rticle .+ %rticle .%rticle )3 %rticle +5 %rticle +& %rticle +) %rticle ++ %rticle +.& %rticle .udicial declaration of nullity of arriage re*uired 7oid.) %rticle .2 %rticle ../ %rticle .5 %rticle . %rticle ../ %rticle .& %rticle . )oid and )oida le "arria#e %rticle +.
%rticle /& %rticle /) %rticle /+ %rticle /. %rticle // %rticle /0 9ack to top confession of =udg ent -ffects of filing petition for legal separation Support of spouses and custody of children during pendency of petition -ffects of decree of legal separation @ther effects of decree of legal separation Filing of =oint anifestation of reconciliation -ffects of reconciliation %gree ent to revive for er property regi e Title !!!.een -us and and . %i#hts and O li#ations +et. %rticle 0/ %rticle 00 %rticle 02 %rticle 03 %rticle 25 %rticle 2& Bow shall property relations to be governed "roperty regi es that ay be agreed upon by spouses 'odification of the arriage settle ent For of arriage settle ents and its odifications 'arriage settle ents by inor 'arriage settle ents by persons under civil interdiction or other disability "roperty relations governed by "hilippine law Stipulations in arriage settle ents void if arriage does not take place Chapter 2. %rticle /. %rticle 2. Property %elations +et.ife %rticle /2 %rticle /3 %rticle 05 %rticle 0& %rticle 0) %rticle 0+ . %rticle 2/ 8e*uisites for donations propter nuptias #onations propter nuptias governed by rules on ordinary donations @ne?fifth li itation on present property #onations propter nuptias of encu bered property <rounds for revocation . industry. /eneral Provisions %rticle 0.een -us and and .ife Chapter $. etc Title !). 9ack to top "ersonal obligations of the spouses Aho decides on the fa ily do icile 8esponsibility for fa ily support Bousehold anage ent by both spouses 8elief fro the courts in case of disagree ent ->ercise by a spouse of a profession. %rticle 0. 0onations y %eason of "arria#e %rticle 2) %rticle 2+ %rticle 2.
Char#es 2pon and O li#ations of the 1 solute Community %rticle 3.nership4 1dministration4 En5oyment and 0isposition of the Community Property %rticle 3/ %rticle 30 %rticle 32 @wnership. @bligations and charges upon the %C" Ahat ay not be charged upon the %C" *ection 3. *ystem of 1 solute Community *ection $.%rticle 20 7oid donations or grants of gratuitous advantage between spouses during the arriage Chapter (. of %C" #isposition of interest in the %C" by will #onation of %C" property void without arital consent *ection 6.hat Constitutes Community Property %rticle 3& %rticle 3) %rticle 3+ Ahat constitutes co unity property "roperties e>cluded fro the co unity property "resu ptions on property ac*uired during arriage *ection (. ad inistration. etc. "rocedure in li*uidation. %rticle 3. 'i&uidation of the 1 solute Community 1ssets and 'ia ilities %rticle &5) %rticle &5+ %rticle &5. . /eneral Provisions %rticle 22 %rticle 23 %rticle 35 Syste of absolute co unity of property (%C"$ e>plained -ffects of %C" during the arriage 8ules on co?ownership suppletory to %C" *ection 2. inventory and pay ent of obligations of the %C" Li*uidation of %C" upon death of either spouse Li*uidation of co unity properties of two or ore arriages Chapter 3. O. Con5u#al Partnership of /ains . 0issolution of 1 solute Community %e#ime %rticle 33 %rticle &55 %rticle &5& Causes and effects of ter ination of %C" -ffects of separation de facto on the %C" %bandon ent or failure to co ply with obligations *ection 7.
effects on C"< Situations under this %rticle( abandon ent . Char#es 2pon and O li#ations of the Con5u#al Partnership %rticle &)& %rticle &)) %rticle &)+ @bligations and charges upon the C"< "ersonal debts. en=oy ent. Exclusive Property of Each *pouse %rticle &53 %rticle &&5 %rticle &&& %rticle &&) %rticle &&+ %rticle &&. %rticle &5/ %rticle &50 %rticle &52 Ahen Con=ugal "artnership (C"<$ governs Ahat constitutes the C"< Ahen the C"< co ences 8ules governing the C"< *ection 2. e>clusive property( interest. fines and pecuniary liabilities of each spouse Ahat ay not be charged upon the C"< *ection 6. 0issolution of Con5u#al Partnership of /ains %rticle &)/ %rticle &)0 %rticle &)2 Causes and effects of ter ination of C"< Separation in fact.*ection $. con=ugal 8ules on i prove ents or buildings ade on separate property *ection 3. /eneral Provisions %rticle &5. Con5u#al Partnership Property %rticle &&/ %rticle &&0 %rticle &&2 %rticle &&3 %rticle &)5 "roperty ac*uired during arriage presu ed con=ugal "roperties that co prise the C"< 8ules on property bought on install ent basis "ay ents of principal. ->clusive property of each spouse 8ights of each spouse over e>clusive property @ther rights over hisCher e>clusive property %lienation of e>clusive property ter inates the spouseDs ad inistration "roperty donated to or ac*uired by will @nerous donations to the spouses 8ules on benefits received by the spouses *ection (. %rticle &&. disposition of the C"< #onation of C"< property void without arital consent( e>ception *ection 7. 1dministration of the Con5u#al Partnership Property %rticle &). %d inistration. %rticle &).
+ #efinition of fa ily "ersons having fa ily relations with each other -arnest efforts at co pro ise before suits between fa ily e bers #efinition of fa ily ho e Bow fa ily ho e is constituted .*ection 8.5 %rticle &. Property %e#imes of 2nions . %e#ime of *eparation of Property %rticle &. %rticle &+. 'i&uidation of the Con5u#al Partnership 1ssets and 'ia ilities %rticle &)3 %rticle &+5 %rticle &+& %rticle &+) %rticle &++ Steps in li*uidating the C"< Li*uidation of C"< upon death of either spouse Li*uidation of C"< properties of two or ore arriages %pplicability of 8ules of Court Support during li*uidation of C"< Chapter 6. %rticle &+/ %rticle &+0 %rticle &+2 %rticle &+3 %rticle &./ 8egi e of co plete separation of property defined 6inds of separation of property 8ights of each spouse over hisCher property Liability of each spouse for fa ily e>penses Chapter 8. *eparation of Property of the *pouses and 1dministration of Common Property y One *pouse 0urin# the "arria#e %rticle &+. The Family as an !nstitution %rticle &. The Family Chapter $. %rticle &. ac*uired properties.) %rticle &.ithout "arria#es %rticle &. %rticle &.) .. under a void arriage( rules 8ules on wages and salaries.+ %rticle &. etc Title ).& %rticle &.2 .0 %rticle &.udicial separation of property Sufficient case for =udicial separation of property Steps in voluntary separation of property Li*uidation upon separation of property( support 8egi e after dissolution 8ecording of re*uire ents "rotections to creditors 8evival of prior regi e Transfer of ad inistration of con=ugal property Chapter 7..3 %rticle &.5 %rticle &.& %rticle &. 9ack to top Unions without arriage.
./ %rticle &.0 %rticle &. %rticle &0/ "roof of filiation of illegiti ate children( when and how to bring action to clai filiation 8ights of illegiti ate children Chapter 3. 'e#itimated Children %rticle &00 %rticle &02 %rticle &03 %rticle &25 %rticle &2& %rticle &2) Aho can be legiti ated Ahen legiti ation takes place 8ights of legiti ated children 8etroactive effect of legiti ation Legiti ation benefits childDs descendants Aho can and when to i pugn legiti ation( grounds . 'e#itimate Children %rticle &/+ %rticle &/. Proof of Filiation %rticle &0) %rticle &0+ %rticle &0. %rticle &.%rticle &. Paternity and Filiation Chapter $.. %rticle &. Bow to establish or prove filiation Aho can and when to bring action to clai 8ights of legiti ate children legiti acy Chapter (. %rticle &// %rticle &/0 %rticle &/2 %rticle &/3 %rticle &05 %rticle &0& 6inds of filiation of children :atural legiti ate children( artificial inse ination 4llegiti ate children <rounds to i pugn legiti acy of a child #eclaration of other against legiti acy of a child Status of child whose other contracts another arriage Children born +55 days after ter ination of arriage Aho can and when to i pugn legiti acy of a child Ahen heirs ay i pugn legiti acy Chapter 2.3 %rticle &/5 %rticle &/& %rticle &/) 9ack to top 9eneficiaries of fa ily ho e Liabilities of the fa ily ho e Ahat properties constitute the fa ily ho e 'a>i u value of the fa ily ho e %lienation or encu brance of the fa ily ho e -ffect of death on the fa ily ho e Liability of fa ily ho e to creditors Li itation on constitution of fa ily ho e %pplicability to e>isting fa ily residences Title )!. !lle#itimate Children %rticle &0. %rticle &/.2 %rticle &.
/eneral Provisions Ahat is included in support Aho are obliged to support each other Support between illegiti ate brothers and sisters "roperties liable for support of relatives Support during certain proceedings @rder of support 8ules when obligation to support falls upon two or ore persons 8ules on a ount of support % ount of support sub=ect to change or odification #e andibility of support @ptions given to the obligor Support e>e pt fro attach ent or e>ecution Ahen stranger gives support Un=ust refusal to give support Support by contract or will #efinition and purpose of adoption( who ay be Aho ay not adopt %doption =ointly by husband and wife . %rticle )5/ %rticle )50 %rticle )52 9ack to top Title !9. %rticle &3.oint parental authority in adoption Aho ay not be adopted Consent necessary for adoption -ffects of adoption 8ules on legal or intestate succession 8escission of adoption 8escission of adoption by adopters 8escission where adopted is a inor or handicapped( legal effects . *upport %rticle &3. %rticle )5. 1doption %rticle &2+ adopted %rticle &2. %rticle &2. Parental 1uthority Chapter $. %rticle &2/ %rticle &20 %rticle &22 %rticle &23 %rticle &35 %rticle &3& %rticle &3) %rticle &3+ 9ack to top Title )!!. %rticle &3/ %rticle &30 %rticle &32 %rticle &33 %rticle )55 %rticle )5& %rticle )5) %rticle )5+ %rticle )5.9ack to top Title )!!.
%rticle ))/ %rticle ))0 . 8ights and duties of parents Liability of parents and guardians for da ages caused by children <uardian for childDs property #isciplinary easures by court order #isciplinary easures to be i posed Chapter 3.oint legal guardianship over childDs property( bond "roperties belonging to child in ownership( parentsD rights over fruits 8ules when parents entrust their property to a child Chapter 6. Effect of Parental 1uthority 2pon the Property of the Children %rticle )).%rticle )53 %rticle )&5 %rticle )&& %rticle )&) %rticle )&+ %rticle )&. *u stitute and *pecial Parental 1uthority %rticle )&/ %rticle )&0 %rticle )&2 %rticle )&3 "ersons e>ercising parental authority "arental authority over disadvantaged children "ersons e>ercising special parental authority Liability of persons e>ercising special or substitute parental authority Chapter (. %rticle )&. Effect of Parental 1uthority 2pon the Person of the Children %rticle ))5 %rticle ))& %rticle ))) %rticle ))+ %rticle )).oint parental authority( duties of children under parental authority -ffect of death of one spouse or re arriage of surviving parent -ffect of separation of the parents Substitute parental authority by grandparent "rohibited testi ony Chapter 2. *uspension or Termination of Parental 1uthority %rticle ))2 %rticle ))3 %rticle )+5 %rticle )+& %rticle )+) %rticle )++ 9ack to top "er anent ter ination of parental authority 8evival of ter inated parental authority Suspension of parental authority by civil interdiction Suspension and deprivation of parental authority by court order "er anent deprivation of parental authority %uthority of persons e>ercising substitute or special parental authority . Ahat is parental authority "arental authority cannot be renounced .
*ummary :udicial Proceedin#s in the Family 'a. 8epeal of Titles in 9ook & of the Civil Code Separability clause .+ %rticle ).. !ncidents !nvolvin# Parental 1uthority %rticle ).&.) %rticle ). Other "atters *u 5ect To *ummary Proceedin#s %rticle ).urisdiction over petition in 8TC of either spouseDs residence :otice to other spouse "reli inary conference without lawyers CourtDs duty in non?appearance of the other spouse -> parte proceedings in other spouseDs absence "etition decided in su ary hearing .2 7erified petition for authori1ation to enter into transaction Clai s for da ages litigated in separate action .. .5 %rticle ).& %rticle ). and )&0 Title 9!!.5 %rticle ). Prefatory Provisions %rticle )+2 Scope of application of su ary rules Chapter 2. 3/. )).) 7erified petition under %rticles ))+. *eparation in Fact +et.& %rticle ). )&. %rticle ).ancipation of a child (8epealed by 8% /253$ -ffect of e ancipation (8epealed by 8% /253$ Title 9!./ %rticle ). Emancipation and 1#e of "a5ority %rticle )+.0 %rticle ). and )+.&.+ Su ary rules for %rticles ..een -us and and . %rticle )+/ %rticle )+0 .ife %rticle )+3 %rticle ). %rticle ). "etition in court where child resides :otice to parents or guardians 8ules in Chapter ) applicable Chapter 3.udg ent i ediately final and e>ecutory 8ules governing petition for ad inistration of separate property Chapter (..Title 9. 0+. %rticle ). Final Provisions %rticle ). Chapter !. /3.3 %rticle ). %rticle )+..
0 8etroactive effect -ffectivity of the Fa ily Code ./ %rticle ).%rticle ).
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