Research

November 2013

Mike Klassen, Director of Provincial Affairs, British Columbia
Richard Fong, Public Policy and Entrepreneurship Intern

Figure 1

BC Municipal Operating Spending
Growth Adjusted for inflation and
Population Growth, 2000 – 2011
60%

40%

Operating Spending Growth
(Excluding policing costs
and Capital Expenditures
and adjusted for inflation)

30%

Population Growth

50%

20%

52%

15%

10%
0%
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
-10%

Source: Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural
Development; BC Stats, Population Estimates; BC
Stats, CPI.

www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

2

Outline

1

Kastelen, Kimball. 2013. The BC Municipal
Property Tax Gap Report.
2
Government of BC, Small Business Profile 2012.
3
Armstrong, Matthew and Jones, Laura.2006.
British Columbia Municipal Spending Watch.
www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

3



4

City of Surrey, Statement of Financial Information
2010, 2011
www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

4

Case Study: City of Penticton

www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

5

Table 1

How BC’s Largest Municipalities Spend (population 25,000 and above)
Listed from Worst to Best (by overall Provincial Rank)
2000-2011 Real
Operating Spending
per Capita Growth
(%)

2011 Operating
Spending per Capita
($)

Overall Provincial Rank
(1=Worst, 153=Best)

Last Yr.
Rank

Langford

132

703

18

16

Penticton

42

1,922

41

33

Township of Langley.

80

1,011

44

32

West Vancouver

46

1,608

48

50

Kelowna

52

1,461

51

57

North Vancouver District

54

1,253

58

63

North Vancouver City

45

1,229

72

58

Abbotsford

59

929

73

37

Vancouver

31

1,373

78

90

Vernon

52

935

82

77

Victoria

26

1,398

85

88

Chilliwack

55

723

96

97

New Westminster

15

1,489

97

110

Maple Ridge

47

856

98

94

Kamloops

28

1,208

101

99

Delta

25

1,233

104

101

Coquitlam

35

1,023

105

106

Richmond

29

1,135

107

102

Surrey

49

746

108

131

Prince George

23

1,229

110

105

Port Coquitlam

34

962

114

118

Port Moody

27

1,096

115

121

North Cowichan

34

857

122

116

Mission

26

985

125

146

Campbell River

21

1,013

130

120

Saanich

27

864

131

129

Langley City

27

858

132

98

Burnaby

17

984

137

134

Nanaimo

12

987

143

137

Average:

40

912

Municipality

The “overall rank” assigned to each municipality is an equally-weighted combination of two indicators: (1) 2000 2011 real operating spending per capita, or % growth in operating spending the past decade adjusted for inflation
and population growth; and (2) 2011 operating spending per capita, or in other words, how much a resident pays
for the operations of their local government in 2011.

www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

6

Table 2

BC’s Freest Spending Municipalities – The 20 Least Sustainable
Municipality

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
per Capita
Growth (%)

2011
Operating
Spending per
Capita ($)

Lytton

192

5,599

-13

1

1

Stewart

126

5,347

58

2

11

Whistler
Fort Nelson (Northern
Rockies)
Lions Bay

2010-2011
Change in Real
Municipal
Operating
Spending per
Capita (%)

Overall
Provincial Rank
(1=Worst,
153=Best)

Last Yr. Rank

48

5,420

-22

3

2

134

3,415

-6

4

3

198

1,679

11

5

6

Sooke

214

659

15

6

9

Tahsis

30

4,029

5

7

12

Masset

50

3,578

9

8

14

Port Edward

56

3,053

-6

9

7

Chetwynd

78

2,453

20

10

34

Granisle

45

2,977

10

11

25

Revelstoke

89

2,088

13

12

26

Golden

107

1,708

8

13

19

Sayward

51

2,777

-32

14

4

Fort St. James

73

2,261

-28

15

5

Ucluelet

59

2,444

3

16

20

Zeballos

25

2,950

-9

17

15

Langford

132

703

-5

18

16

Tofino

60

2,102

-13

19

10

Summerland

72

1,855

3

20

28

The “overall rank” assigned to each municipality is an equally-weighted combination of two indicators: (1) 2000 2011 real operating spending per capita, or % growth in operating spending the past decade adjusted for inflation
and population growth; and (2) 2011 operating spending per capita, or in other words, how much a resident pays
for the operations of their local government in 2011.

www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

7
Table 3

BC’s 10 Most Improved
Municipalities in 2011
Listed from Largest to Smallest 2010 - 2011
Spending Reductions
Municipality

Sayward
Fort St. James
Valemount
Whistler
Mackenzie
Pouce Coupe
Houston
Cumberland
Port Clements
100 Mile House

2010-2011 Change in Real
Municipal Operating Spending
per Capita (%)
-32
-28
-28
-22
-19
-18
-16
-16
-16
-13

Table 4

BC’s 10 Worst Performing
Municipalities in 2011
Listed from Largest to Smallest 2010 - 2011
Spending Increases
Municipality

Stewart
Dawson Creek
Telkwa
Chetwynd
Hope
Silverton
Sooke
Comox
Mission
Surrey

www.cfib.ca

2010-2011 Change in Real
Municipal Operating Spending
per Capita (%)
58
21
20
20
17
16
15
14
13
13

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

8



7

5

A standardized index is created for each indicator
(between 1 and 100). A municipality with the
highest real operating spending per capita growth
is given a score of 1 while the municipality with the
lowest 2010 – 2011 real operating spending per
capita growth is given a score of 100. All other
municipalities are given a proportionate score
within that range. The same exercise is applied to
the indicator for the 2011 operating spending per
capita.
6

Lam, Janice. 2011. BC Policing Costs.

www.cfib.ca

In the case of West Vancouver, transportation and
transit expenses have also been excluded from
operating spending due to special circumstances in
these expenses after 2000. This is addressed in the
previous editions of this report.
Due to changes in accounting practices, starting
from 2008, amortization is excluded from total
expenses.
8

The BC savings for a family of 4 ($5,302) was
calculated based on BC total operating spending in
2000 and inflation/population growth rates up to
2011.The BC population figure was based on the
year 2011.

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

9

Figure 2

Sources of Municipal Revenue,
2011
Investment Other
Income, 2% 1%
Developer
Contributions, 6%

Government
Transfers, 7%
Own Purpose
Taxation, 39%

Sales of Services,
27%

Source: Ministry of Community, Sport, & Cultural
Development. 2011. Local Gov’t Stats. Revenue.
Sch401_2011; BC Stats, CPI.

9

Ministry of Community, Sport, & Cultural
Development. 2011. Local Government Statistics
10
Kastelen, Kimball. The BC Municipal Property Tax
Gap
11
Ibid.
www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

10

Figure 3

Growth of Revenue Sources,
inflation adjusted, 2000 – 2011

Figure 4

Allocation of Municipal Spending,
2011
479%

General Government

175%

17%

Solid Waste Mgmt and
Recycling

18%

107%
60%

46%

Own Purpose
Taxation

Protective Services
(Excluding Policing Cost)

4%

Sales of Services

Government
Transfers

Developer
Contributions

Health, Social Services
and Housing

13%

Total Revenue

24%

Source: Ministry of Community, Sport, & Cultural
Development. 2011. Local Gov’t Stats. Revenue.
Sch401_2000 -2011; BC Stats, CPI.

5%
4%

14%

1%

Development Services
Transportation and
Transit
Parks, Recreation and
Culture
Water and Sewer
Services
Other Services

Source: Ministry of Community, Sport, & Cultural
Development. 2011. Local Gov’t Stats, Expenditure.
Sch402_2011.

Mallett, Ted. Wong, Queenie. Canadian
Federation of Independent Business. 2008. Wage
Watch: A Comparison of Public-sector and Privatesector Wages
13
Provincial Guidance. Community, Sport and
Cultural Development.
www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

11

Figure 5

Growth of Spending, by
expenditure category, adjusted to
inflation, 2000 – 2011

Figure 6

Other Services

130%

Water and Sewer Services

79%

Parks, Recreation and Culture

72%

Transportation and Transit

80%

53%

Development Services

59%

70%

-55%

Health, Social Services and Housing

BC Regional Real Operating
Spending Growth and Population
Growth, 2000 – 2011
68%

60%

Solid Waste Mgmt and Recycling

54%

76%

46%

50%
Protective Services (Excluding Policing Cost)

43%

General Government

42%

-60%

-40%

-20%

0%

20%

40%

60%

38%

40%
80%

100%

Source: Ministry of Community, Sport, & Cultural
Development. 2000-2011. Local Gov’t Stats,
Expenditure. Sch402_2000-2011; BC Stats, CPI.

120%

140%

32%

30%
20%

15%

10%

7%

6%

Van. Island

Thomp-Oak

4%

0%
-10%

Van. Coast &
Mountains

Real Operating Spending Growth

Koot-Rock & CaribChil
Population Growth

Source: Ministry of Community, Sport, & Cultural
Development. 2000-2011. Local Gov’t Stats,
Expenditure. Sch402_2000-2011; BC Stats,
Population Estimates 2000-2011; BC Stats, CPI.





www.cfib.ca

North BC
-4%

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

www.cfib.ca

12

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

13

Table 5

Municipalities by Overall Provincial Rank, Vancouver, Coast & Mountains
Municipality

Lytton
Whistler
Lions Bay
Harrison Hot Springs
Township of Langley
Pitt Meadows
West Vancouver
North Vancouver District
Pemberton
North Vancouver City
Abbotsford
Vancouver
Hope
Squamish
White Rock
Chilliwack
New Westminster
Maple Ridge
Anmore
Bowen Island
Delta
Coquitlam
Sechelt
Richmond
Surrey
Port Coquitlam
Port Moody
Gibsons
Mission
Langley City
Burnaby
Powell River
Regional Average:

2000-2011 Real
Operating
Spending per
Capita Growth (%)

2011
Operating
Spending per
Capita ($)

192
48
198
44
80
80
46
54
32
45
59
31
46
38
41
55
15
47
45
24
25
35
41
29
49
34
27
14
26
27
17
-16
43

Figures shown as ‘0’ could be due to rounding down
www.cfib.ca

5,599
5,420
1,679
1,740
1,011
959
1,608
1,253
1,546
1,229
929
1,373
1,048
1,185
1,094
723
1,489
856
874
1,293
1,233
1,023
900
1,135
746
962
1,096
1,244
985
858
984
1,489
1,416

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011 (%)
-13
-22
11
8
-7
0
0
2
-3
-4
-13
2
17
-6
5
2
3
0
5
-7
-1
2
-2
-1
13
4
5
5
13
-10
1
-3
0

Overall
Provincial Rank
(1=Worst,
153=Best)

Last Yr. Rank

1
3
5
43
44
47
48
58
66
72
73
78
83
84
86
96
97
98
99
100
104
105
106
107
108
114
115
123
125
132
137
146

1
2
6
64
32
43
50
63
61
58
37
90
124
68
103
97
110
94
107
75
101
106
95
102
131
118
121
132
146
98
134
140

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

14

Table 6

Municipalities by Overall Provincial Rank, Vancouver Island
Municipality

Sooke
Tahsis
Ucluelet
Zeballos
Langford
Tofino
Metchosin
Port Alice
Colwood
Alert Bay
Belcarra
View Royal
Port Hardy
Victoria
Gold River
North Saanich
Cumberland
Oak Bay
Highlands
Central Saanich
Esquimalt
Comox
Duncan
North Cowichan
Sidney
Campbell River
Saanich
Ladysmith
Courtenay
Nanaimo
Port Alberni
Port McNeill
Lake Cowichan
Qualicum Beach
Parksville
Regional Average:

www.cfib.ca

2000-2011 Real
Operating
Spending per
Capita Growth (%)

2011 Operating
Spending per
Capita ($)

Change in
Municipal Spending
per Capita from
2010-2011 (%)

214
30
59
25
132
60
118
37
102
21
62
74
27
26
4
46
48
29
50
38
34
35
20
34
18
21
27
18
18
12
1
17
-2
-4
0
48

659
4,029
2,444
2,950
703
2,102
638
2,181
761
2,353
1,124
798
1,512
1,398
1,798
979
938
1,300
750
951
1,015
934
1,163
857
1,096
1,013
864
1,020
1,021
987
1,193
798
948
956
869
1,424

15
5
3
-9
-5
-13
10
12
9
-9
10
-2
1
0
-2
-7
-16
-2
-2
-3
-2
14
2
0
-2
-1
2
2
3
-1
4
6
-1
0
10
1

Overall
Provincial Rank
(1=Worst,
153=Best)
6
7
16
17
18
19
29
32
39
40
56
63
75
85
87
88
89
90
103
109
112
116
120
122
129
130
131
135
136
143
144
147
150
151
152

Last Yr.
Rank

9
12
20
15
16
10
42
60
49
27
83
51
82
88
89
70
41
86
91
92
96
139
119
116
117
120
129
133
136
137
147
148
149
152
153

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

15

Table 7

Municipalities by Overall Provincial Rank, Thompson Okanagan
Municipality

2000-2011 Real
Operating
Spending per
Capita Growth
(%)

Summerland
Grand Forks
Penticton
Valemount
Sicamous
Lumby
Kelowna
Greenwood
Lake Country
Osoyoos
Kent
Oliver
Peachland
Keremeos
Cache Creek
Vernon
Logan Lake
Merritt
Kamloops
Midway
Princeton
Armstrong
Salmon Arm
Spallumcheen
Coldstream
Ashcroft
Chase
Fruitvale
Enderby
Regional Average:

72
36
42
36
67
77
52
32
55
49
51
48
43
51
17
52
24
35
28
4
23
33
27
36
39
4
17
25
5
37

www.cfib.ca

2011
Operating
Spending per
Capita ($)

1,855
2,176
1,922
1,877
1,237
983
1,461
1,733
1,142
1,231
1,142
1,195
1,284
963
1,618
935
1,389
1,169
1,208
1,503
1,113
835
951
684
516
1,172
918
720
964
1,238

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011
(%)
3
9
-5
-28
9
-12
3
8
-1
-7
1
4
3
1
-7
-1
5
6
0
-6
-7
-2
5
8
5
-4
-3
12
-4
0

Overall Provincial
Rank (1=Worst,
153=Best)

20
33
41
45
46
50
51
54
64
65
68
69
70
79
81
82
91
92
101
118
121
127
128
134
138
141
142
145
149

Last Yr. Rank

28
52
33
8
69
24
57
78
59
46
73
79
76
81
67
77
108
109
99
100
93
113
130
141
138
126
128
151
143

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

16

Table 8

Municipalities by Overall Provincial Rank, Kootenay Rockies & Cariboo Chilcotin
Coast
Municipality

Revelstoke
Golden
Kimberley
Wells
New Denver
Lillooet
Silverton
Nelson
Slocan
Sparwood
Cranbrook
Williams Lake
Nakusp
Fernie
Clinton
Trail
Elkford
Creston
Invermere
100 Mile House
Radium Hot Springs
Castlegar
Warfield
Montrose
Quesnel
Rossland
Salmo
Kaslo
Regional Average:

www.cfib.ca

2000-2011
Real Operating
Spending per
Capita Growth
(%)
89
107
64
30
89
81
44
15
62
38
65
43
34
12
32
28
5
36
19
-5
-10
16
32
27
10
1
20
-9
35

2011 Operating
Spending per Capita ($)

2,088
1,708
2,005
2,627
1,455
1,470
2,143
2,621
1,692
2,080
1,365
1,593
1,774
2,035
1,637
1,708
1,888
1,107
1,371
1,789
1,862
1,282
957
959
1,298
1,361
886
1,017
1,635

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011 (%)
13
8
-1
12
6
2
16
6
-11
0
2
-5
11
1
-4
0
0
-8
3
-13
3
8
1
11
-5
-1
-5
-11
1

Overall Provincial
Rank (1=Worst,
153=Best)

12
13
21
22
24
26
28
30
31
37
42
52
53
59
60
61
77
95
102
111
113
117
119
124
126
133
139
153

Last Yr. Rank

26
19
23
47
35
31
62
48
17
38
44
40
84
74
55
65
87
71
112
72
123
135
114
144
111
125
122
142

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

17

Table 9

Municipalities by Overall Provincial Rank, Kootenay Rockies & Cariboo Chilcotin
Coast
Municipality

Stewart
Fort Nelson (Northern
Rockies)
Masset
Port Edward
Chetwynd
Granisle
Sayward
Fort St. James
New Hazelton
Hudson's Hope
McBride
Dawson Creek
Kitimat
Vanderhoof
Fraser Lake
Mackenzie
Taylor
Pouce Coupe
Houston
Hazelton
Fort St. John
Burns Lake
Telkwa
Tumbler Ridge
Port Clements
Smithers
Prince George
Terrace
Prince Rupert
Regional Average:

www.cfib.ca

2000-2011
Real Operating
Spending per
Capita Growth
(%)

2011 Operating
Spending per Capita
($)

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011 (%)

Overall
Provincial Rank
(1=Worst,
153=Best)

Last Yr. Rank

126

5,347

58

2

11

134

3,415

-6

4

3

50
56
78
45
51
73
59
29
54
37
27
77
52
36
-42
43
37
11
38
34
41
-46
23
19
23
9
-23
40

3,578
3,053
2,453
2,977
2,777
2,261
2,036
2,536
1,952
2,155
2,322
1,319
1,770
1,798
3,174
1,481
1,528
1,957
1,383
1,403
1,236
2,868
1,395
1,448
1,229
1,084
1,576
2,190

9
-6
20
10
-32
-28
-13
-1
-6
21
1
11
-1
-19
-8
-18
-16
-3
-7
4
20
4
-16
2
0
4
4
0

8
9
10
11
14
15
23
25
27
34
35
36
38
49
55
57
62
67
71
74
76
80
93
94
110
140
148

14
7
34
25
4
5
13
30
21
80
39
56
36
18
53
22
29
66
54
85
127
115
45
104
105
145
150

18

15

Mallett, Ted. Wong, Queenie. Canadian Federation of Independent Business. 2008. Wage Watch: A Comparison of
Public-sector and Private-sector Wages
16
Armstrong, Matthew and Jones, Laura. British Columbia Municipal Spending Watch.
www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

19

,
,

,

www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

20

2000-2011 Overall Provincial Rank (1=Worst, 153=Best)
Municipality

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Population
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending per
Capita
Growth (%)

Lytton
Stewart
Whistler
Fort Nelson
(Northern Rockies)
Lions Bay
Sooke
Tahsis
Masset
Port Edward
Chetwynd
Granisle
Revelstoke
Golden
Sayward
Fort St. James
Ucluelet
Zeballos
Langford
Tofino
Summerland
Kimberley
Wells
New Hazelton
New Denver
Hudson's Hope
Lillooet
McBride
Silverton
Metchosin
Nelson
Slocan
Port Alice
Grand Forks
Dawson Creek
Kitimat
Vanderhoof
Sparwood
Fraser Lake
Colwood
Alert Bay
Penticton
Cranbrook
Harrison Hot
Springs
Township of
Langley
Valemount
Sicamous
Pitt Meadows
West Vancouver
Mackenzie
Lumby
Kelowna
Williams Lake
Nakusp
Greenwood
Taylor
Belcarra

105
68
67
216

-30
-25
13
35

192
126
48
134

185
272
-27
40
27
70
48
79
101
31
15
61
-10
255
109
74
67
64
25
79
30
52
49
28
129
22
92
-2
30
55
6
59
33
37
132
0
48
67
80

-4
19
-44
-7
-19
-5
2
-5
-3
-13
-34
1
-28
53
30
1
2
27
-21
-5
1
-16
-3
-11
5
6
19
-28
-4
13
-17
-10
-3
-10
15
-17
4
1
25

111
18
74
116
52
-10
91
87
35
20
32
-25
55

www.cfib.ca

2011
Operating
Spending
per Capita
($)

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011
(%)

Overall
Provincial
Rank
(1=Worst)

Last Yr.
Rank

5,599
5,347
5,420
3,415

-13
58
-22
-6

1
2
3
4

1
11
2
3

198
214
30
50
56
78
45
89
107
51
73
59
25
132
60
72
64
30
59
89
29
81
54
44
118
15
62
37
36
37
27
77
38
52
102
21
42
65
44

1,679
659
4,029
3,578
3,053
2,453
2,977
2,088
1,708
2,777
2,261
2,444
2,950
703
2,102
1,855
2,005
2,627
2,036
1,455
2,536
1,470
1,952
2,143
638
2,621
1,692
2,181
2,176
2,155
2,322
1,319
2,080
1,770
761
2,353
1,922
1,365
1,740

11
15
5
9
-6
20
10
13
8
-32
-28
3
-9
-5
-13
3
-1
12
-13
6
-1
2
-6
16
10
6
-11
12
9
21
1
11
0
-1
9
-9
-5
2
8

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

6
9
12
14
7
34
25
26
19
4
5
20
15
16
10
28
23
47
13
35
30
31
21
62
42
48
17
60
52
80
39
56
38
36
49
27
33
44
64

17

80

1,011

-7

44

31

-13
4
21
4
-34
8
23
-6
-10
0
29
-4

36
67
80
46
36
77
52
43
34
32
-42
62

1,877
1,237
959
1,608
1,798
983
1,461
1,593
1,774
1,733
3,174
1,124

-28
9
0
0
-19
-12
3
-5
11
8
-8
10

45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56

8
69
43
50
18
24
57
40
84
78
53
83

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

21

Municipality

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Population
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending per
Capita
Growth (%)

2011
Operating
Spending
per Capita
($)

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011
(%)

Overall
Provincial
Rank
(1=Worst)

Last Yr.
Rank

Pouce Coupe
North Vancouver
District
Fernie
Clinton
Trail
Houston
View Royal
Lake Country
Osoyoos
Pemberton
Hazelton
Kent
Oliver
Peachland
Fort St. John
North Vancouver
City
Abbotsford
Burns Lake
Port Hardy
Telkwa
Elkford
Vancouver
Keremeos
Tumbler Ridge
Cache Creek
Vernon
Hope
Squamish
Victoria
White Rock
Gold River
North Saanich
Cumberland
Oak Bay
Logan Lake
Merritt
Port Clements
Smithers
Creston
Chilliwack
New Westminster
Maple Ridge
Anmore
Bowen Island
Kamloops
Invermere
Highlands
Delta
Coquitlam
Sechelt
Richmond
Surrey
Central Saanich
Prince George
100 Mile House
Esquimalt
Radium Hot
Springs
Port Coquitlam
Port Moody
Comox
Castlegar
Midway

38
58

-3
3

43
54

1,481
1,253

-18
2

57
58

22
63

8
27
19
9
128
96
80
95
-1
64
56
58
73
62

-4
-4
-7
-20
31
26
21
47
-11
8
5
10
26
12

12
32
28
37
74
55
49
32
11
51
48
43
38
45

2,035
1,637
1,708
1,528
798
1,142
1,231
1,546
1,957
1,142
1,195
1,284
1,383
1,229

1
-4
0
-16
-2
-1
-7
-3
-3
1
4
3
-7
-4

59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72

74
55
65
29
51
59
46
61
66
73
79
76
54
58

85
47
3
41
7
51
95
-23
20
73
43
74
38
49
-2
53
85
28
18
31
11
14
45
89
36
76
132
52
39
52
96
23
47
75
49
96
41
22
1
40
67

16
9
-19
1
2
15
29
42
2
14
-2
27
10
5
-6
5
26
0
-5
-3
-10
-5
6
22
18
20
60
23
8
27
31
-1
9
24
15
32
2
-1
6
5
85

59
34
27
41
5
31
51
-46
17
52
46
38
26
41
4
46
48
29
24
35
23
19
36
55
15
47
45
24
28
19
50
25
35
41
29
49
38
23
-5
34
-10

929
1,403
1,512
1,236
1,888
1,373
963
2,868
1,618
935
1,048
1,185
1,398
1,094
1,798
979
938
1,300
1,389
1,169
1,395
1,448
1,107
723
1,489
856
874
1,293
1,208
1,371
750
1,233
1,023
900
1,135
746
951
1,229
1,789
1,015
1,862

-13
4
1
20
0
2
1
4
-7
-1
17
-6
0
5
-2
-7
-16
-2
5
6
-16
2
-8
2
3
0
5
-7
0
3
-2
-1
2
-2
-1
13
-3
0
-13
-2
3

73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113

37
85
82
127
87
90
81
115
67
77
124
68
88
103
89
70
41
86
108
109
45
104
71
97
110
94
107
75
99
112
91
101
106
95
102
131
92
105
72
96
123

47
77
60
28
7

9
40
19
10
3

34
27
35
16
4

962
1,096
934
1,282
1,503

4
5
14
8
-6

114
115
116
117
118

118
121
139
135
100

www.cfib.ca

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013
Municipality

Warfield
Duncan
Princeton
North Cowichan
Gibsons
Montrose
Mission
Quesnel
Armstrong
Salmon Arm
Sidney
Campbell River
Saanich
Langley City
Rossland
Spallumcheen
Ladysmith
Courtenay
Burnaby
Coldstream
Salmo
Terrace
Ashcroft
Chase
Nanaimo
Port Alberni
Fruitvale
Powell River
Port McNeill
Prince Rupert
Enderby
Lake Cowichan
Qualicum Beach
Parksville
Kaslo

www.cfib.ca

22

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Population
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending per
Capita
Growth (%)

2011
Operating
Spending
per Capita
($)

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011
(%)

Overall
Provincial
Rank
(1=Worst)

Last Yr.
Rank

32
25
39
49
31
23
46
7
35
41
22
31
35
34
-2
33
47
56
35
54
11
4
-1
15
31
1
20
-14
5
-35
7
9
19
12
3

0
4
13
11
15
-4
16
-2
1
11
3
8
6
5
-3
-2
25
33
15
11
-7
-5
-5
-1
17
-1
-4
3
-10
-16
2
11
24
12
13

32
20
23
34
14
27
26
10
33
27
18
21
27
27
1
36
18
18
17
39
20
9
4
17
12
1
25
-16
17
-23
5
-2
-4
0
-9

957
1,163
1,113
857
1,244
959
985
1,298
835
951
1,096
1,013
864
858
1,361
684
1,020
1,021
984
516
886
1,084
1,172
918
987
1,193
720
1,489
798
1,576
964
948
956
869
1,017

1
2
-7
0
5
11
13
-5
-2
5
-2
-1
2
-10
-1
8
2
3
1
5
-5
4
-4
-3
-1
4
12
-3
6
4
-4
-1
0
10
-11

119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153

114
119
93
116
132
144
146
111
113
130
117
120
129
98
125
141
133
136
134
138
122
145
126
128
137
147
151
140
148
150
143
149
152
153
142

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

23

Rank by Alphabetical Order (1=Worst, 153=Best)
Municipality

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Population
Growth (%)

100 Mile House
Abbotsford
Alert Bay
Anmore
Armstrong
Ashcroft
Belcarra
Bowen Island
Burnaby
Burns Lake
Cache Creek
Campbell River
Castlegar
Central Saanich
Chase
Chetwynd
Chilliwack
Clinton
Coldstream
Colwood
Comox
Coquitlam
Courtenay
Cranbrook
Creston
Cumberland
Dawson Creek
Delta
Duncan
Elkford
Enderby
Esquimalt
Fernie
Fort Nelson
(Northern Rockies)
Fort St. James
Fort St. John
Fraser Lake
Fruitvale
Gibsons
Gold River
Golden
Grand Forks
Granisle
Greenwood
Harrison Hot
Springs
Hazelton
Highlands
Hope
Houston
Hudson's Hope
Invermere
Kamloops
Kaslo
Kelowna
Kent
Keremeos
Kimberley

1
85
0
132
35
-1
55
52
35
47
20
31
28
41
15
70
89
27
54
132
60
47
56
67
45
85
55
23
25
7
7
40
8
216

www.cfib.ca

2011
Operating
Spending per
Capita ($)

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011
(%)

Overall
Provincial
Rank
(1=Worst)

Last Yr.
Rank

6
16
-17
60
1
-5
-4
23
15
9
2
8
10
2
-1
-5
22
-4
11
15
19
9
33
1
6
26
13
-1
4
2
2
5
-4
35

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
per Capita
Growth
(%)
-5
59
21
45
33
4
62
24
17
34
17
21
16
38
17
78
55
32
39
102
35
35
18
65
36
48
37
25
20
5
5
34
12
134

1,789
929
2,353
874
835
1,172
1,124
1,293
984
1,403
1,618
1,013
1,282
951
918
2,453
723
1,637
516
761
934
1,023
1,021
1,365
1,107
938
2,155
1,233
1,163
1,888
964
1,015
2,035
3,415

-13
-13
-9
5
-2
-4
10
-7
1
4
-7
-1
8
-3
-3
20
2
-4
5
9
14
2
3
2
-8
-16
21
-1
2
0
-4
-2
1
-6

111
73
40
99
127
111
56
100
137
74
81
130
117
109
142
10
96
60
138
39
116
105
136
42
95
89
34
104
120
77
149
112
59
4

72
37
27
107
113
126
83
75
134
85
67
120
135
92
128
34
97
55
138
49
139
106
136
44
71
41
80
101
119
87
143
96
74
3

15
73
37
20
31
-2
101
30
48
32
80

-34
26
-10
-4
15
-6
-3
-4
2
0
25

73
38
52
25
14
4
107
36
45
32
44

2,261
1,383
1,770
720
1,244
1,798
1,708
2,176
2,977
1,733
1,740

-28
-7
-1
12
5
-2
8
9
10
8
8

15
71
38
145
123
87
13
33
11
54
43

5
54
36
151
132
89
19
52
25
78
64

-1
96
43
9
30
52
39
3
87
64
95
67

-11
31
-2
-20
1
27
8
13
23
8
29
2

11
50
46
37
29
19
28
-9
52
51
51
64

1,957
750
1,048
1,528
2,536
1,371
1,208
1,017
1,461
1,142
963
2,005

-3
-2
17
-16
-1
3
0
-11
3
1
1
-1

67
103
83
62
25
102
101
153
51
68
79
21

66
91
124
29
30
112
99
142
57
73
81
23

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013
Municipality

Kitimat
Ladysmith
Lake Country
Lake Cowichan
Langford
Langley City
Township of
Langley
Lillooet
Lions Bay
Logan Lake
Lumby
Lytton
Mackenzie
Maple Ridge
Masset
McBride
Merritt
Metchosin
Midway
Mission
Montrose
Nakusp
Nanaimo
Nelson
New Denver
New Hazelton
New Westminster
North Cowichan
North Saanich
North Vancouver
City
North Vancouver
District
Oak Bay
Oliver
Osoyoos
Parksville
Peachland
Pemberton
Penticton
Pitt Meadows
Port Alberni
Port Alice
Port Clements
Port Coquitlam
Port Edward
Port Hardy
Port McNeill
Port Moody
Pouce Coupe
Powell River
Prince George
Prince Rupert
Princeton
Qualicum Beach
Quesnel
Radium Hot
Springs
Revelstoke
Richmond
Rossland
Saanich
Salmo
Salmon Arm
Sayward

www.cfib.ca

24

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Population
Growth (%)

2011
Operating
Spending per
Capita ($)

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011
(%)

Overall
Provincial
Rank
(1=Worst)

Last Yr.
Rank

-17
25
26
11
53
5
17

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
per Capita
Growth
(%)
27
18
55
-2
132
27
80

6
47
96
9
255
34
111

2,322
1,020
1,142
948
703
858
1,011

1
2
-1
-1
-5
-10
-7

35
135
64
150
18
132
44

39
133
59
149
16
98
31

52
185
18
91
105
-10
76
40
49
31
129
7
46
23
20
31
22
79
25
36
49
53
62

-16
-4
-5
8
-30
-34
20
-7
-3
-3
5
3
16
-4
-10
17
6
-5
-21
18
11
5
12

81
198
24
77
192
36
47
50
54
35
118
4
26
27
34
12
15
89
59
15
34
46
45

1,470
1,679
1,389
983
5,599
1,798
856
3,578
1,952
1,169
638
1,503
985
959
1,774
987
2,621
1,455
2,036
1,489
857
979
1,229

2
11
5
-12
-13
-19
0
9
-6
6
10
-6
13
11
11
-1
6
6
-13
3
0
-7
-4

26
5
91
50
1
49
98
8
27
92
29
118
125
124
53
143
30
24
23
97
122
88
72

31
6
108
24
1
18
94
14
21
109
42
100
146
144
84
137
48
35
13
110
116
70
58

58

3

54

1,253

2

58

63

28
56
80
12
58
95
48
116
1
-2
11
47
27
3
5
77
38
-14
22
-35
39
19
7
67

0
5
21
12
10
47
4
21
-1
-28
-10
9
-19
-19
-10
40
-3
3
-1
-16
13
24
-2
85

29
48
49
0
43
32
42
80
1
37
23
34
56
27
17
27
43
-16
23
-23
23
-4
10
-10

1,300
1,195
1,231
869
1,284
1,546
1,922
959
1,193
2,181
1,395
962
3,053
1,512
798
1,096
1,481
1,489
1,229
1,576
1,113
956
1,298
1,862

-2
4
-7
10
3
-3
-5
0
4
12
-16
4
-6
1
6
5
-18
-3
0
4
-7
0
-5
3

90
69
65
152
70
66
41
47
144
32
93
114
9
75
147
115
57
146
110
148
121
151
126
113

86
79
46
153
76

79
49
-2
35
11
41
31

-5
15
-3
6
-7
11
-13

89
29
1
27
20
27
51

2,088
1,135
1,361
864
886
951
2,777

13
-1
-1
2
-5
5
-32

12
107
133
131
139
128
14

26
102
125
129
122
130
4

33
43
147
60
45
118
7
82
148
121
22
140
105
150
93
152
111
123

CFIB BC Municipal Spending Watch 2013

25

Municipality

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Population
Growth (%)

2000-2011
Real
Operating
Spending
per Capita
Growth
(%)

2011
Operating
Spending per
Capita ($)

Change in
Municipal
Spending per
Capita from
2010-2011
(%)

Overall
Provincial
Rank
(1=Worst)

Last Yr.
Rank

Sechelt
Sicamous
Sidney
Silverton
Slocan
Smithers
Sooke
Spallumcheen
Sparwood
Squamish
Stewart
Summerland
Surrey
Tahsis
Taylor
Telkwa
Terrace
Tofino
Trail
Tumbler Ridge
Ucluelet
Valemount
Vancouver
Vanderhoof
Vernon
Victoria
View Royal
Warfield
Wells
West Vancouver
Whistler
White Rock
Williams Lake
Zeballos

75
74
22
28
92
14
272
33
33
74
68
74
96
-27
-25
41
4
109
19
-23
61
18
51
59
73
38
128
32
64
52
67
49
35
-10

24
4
3
-11
19
-5
19
-2
-3
27
-25
1
32
-44
29
1
-5
30
-7
42
1
-13
15
-10
14
10
31
0
27
4
13
5
-6
-28

41
67
18
44
62
19
214
36
38
38
126
72
49
30
-42
41
9
60
28
-46
59
36
31
77
52
26
74
32
30
46
48
41
43
25

900
1,237
1,096
2,143
1,692
1,448
659
684
2,080
1,185
5,347
1,855
746
4,029
3,174
1,236
1,084
2,102
1,708
2,868
2,444
1,877
1,373
1,319
935
1,398
798
957
2,627
1,608
5,420
1,094
1,593
2,950

-2
9
-2
16
-11
2
15
8
0
-6
58
3
13
5
-8
20
4
-13
0
4
3
-28
2
11
-1
0
-2
1
12
0
-22
5
-5
-9

106
46
129
28
31
94
6
134
37
84
2
20
108
7
55
76
140
19
61
80
16
45
78
36
82
85
63
119
22
48
3
86
52
17

95
69
117
62
17
104
9
141
38
68
11
28
131
12
53
127
145
10
65
115
20
8
90
56
77
88
51
114
47
50
2
103
40
15

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