Research on Humanities and Social Sciences ISSN 2222-1719 (Paper ISSN 2222-2!"# ($nline %ol.#& No.

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Linkages Between Socio-Cultural Attributes and Success of Women Entrepreneurs
Pratima Pawar )epartment o* Sociolog+& )r.,a-asahe- .m-ed/ar 0arathwada 1ni2ersit+& .uranga-ad&3#1((3& 0aharashtra State& India. Pratimapawar2((94+ahoo.com. Abstract 5he social institutions and culture are important in de2eloping modal personalit+ o* indi2iduals. ,ecause indi2idual internalises his6her own culture i.e.& norms& 2alues& role e7pectations through these social institutions. )i**erent scholars ha2e conducted the stud+ on entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial suppl+ -+ ta/ing into consideration cultural conditions o* a societ+. 0ore the societ+ produces entrepreneurs greater will -e the rate o* economic de2elopment o* a countr+. It means that the suppl+ o* entrepreneurs in a societ+ a**ects the rate o* economic de2elopment o* a countr+. It is important to understand the in*luence o* the socio-cultural attri-utes in the achie2ement o* success in an independent entrepreneurial career& the present stud+ was conducted. Keywords : 8ntrepreneurship& .ttri-utes& Success !"ntroduction 5o shape an indi2idual9s personalit+ some *actors pla+ an important role in an+ societ+. In an Indian conte7t some social institutions such as *amil+& caste& class& education& religion are considered to -e important *or the de2elopment o* personalit+. 82er+ indi2idual im-i-es certain norms& 2alues& role e7pectations through the process o* socialisation. 5hese social institutions and culture are important in de2eloping modal personalit+ o* indi2iduals. ,ecause indi2idual internalises his6her own culture i.e.& norms& 2alues& role e7pectations through these social institutions. )i**erent scholars ha2e conducted the stud+ on entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial suppl+ -+ ta/ing into consideration cultural conditions o* a societ+. .nd it is re2ealed *rom their stud+ that socio-cultural attri-utes in*luence the de2elopment o* entrepreneurship. .ccording to ,erger di**erent indi2iduals possess di**erent dri2es and moti2ations in di**erent degrees. It is important to /eep in mind that these dri2es and moti2ations re:uire cultural conditions to gi2e *orm and direction to indi2idual potentials (,erger 1991 .. Societ+ with a generall+ high le2el o* achie2ement will produce more energetic persons& who in turn will -ring a-out rapid economic de2elopment (0c;lelland 197" ..ccording to 5homas ;ochran& cultural 2alues& role e7pectations and social sanctions are the /e+ elements in the theor+ o* entrepreneurial suppl+. 8ntrepreneurs are not 2iewed as -eing supernormal indi2iduals& -ut rather as representing societ+9s modal personalit+. 5his modal personalit+ is shaped -+ pre2ailing child rearing practices and schooling common to the culture. 5he indi2idual9s per*ormance as a -usinessman will -e in*luenced -+ three *actors& 1 His own attitudes towards his occupation& 2 5he role e7pectations held -+ sanctioning groups and # 5he operational re:uirements o* the <o-. Societ+9s 2alues are the most important determinants o* the *irst two *actors (=il-+ 1971 . Inspired -+ >e-ers proposition that religion& norms and 2alues& -eha2iour and economic de2elopment are all interconnected& a num-er o* e7perts reported their 2iews on this relationship. 0c;lelland (0c;lelland&19"1 & ,erna (,erna&19"( & Richard ?o7 (?o7& 19"9 and 5homas ;ochran (=il-+&1971 ha2e also related economic progress with culture. Some o* them ha2e tried to e7plain the economic -ac/wardness o* India -+ lin/ing it with the Indian culture. 5ripathi has reported that the Indian personalit+& -+ and large& remained @unentrepreneurial9& i* not anti-entrepreneurial. 0c;lelland argued that Indians lac/ed .chie2ement 0oti2ation due to socio-cultural in*luences on them. (Shi2ani& 0u/her<ee and Sharan 2((' . 5he present empirical stud+ has -een carried out in the .uranga-ad and Nanded districts o* 0arathwada region in 0aharashtra& India. .uranga-ad district is one o* the most important districts with a rich historical -ac/ground. .uranga-ad district can ;ommonl+ -e called as a -ase *or a 2isit to the world heritage sites o* .<anta and 8llora. (httpA www. IndianetBoneA com1"1 .uranga-ad district. html . Nanded is also one o* the historical places in 0arathwada region o* 0aharashtra& India (httpA66nanded.nic.in6htmldocs6goograptionalin*o.html It is an important religious place *or Si/hs due to the *amous Si/h Curudwara /nown as Shri HuBur .-chalnagar Sanch/and Curudwara. .uranga-ad is a di2isional ;apital o* 0arathwada region and Nanded is also one o* the de2eloping districts o* this region. 5he researcher has made an attempt to understand socio-cultural attri-utes and e7tent o* success o* women entrepreneurs in an independent -usiness acti2it+. 0ore the societ+ produces entrepreneurs greater will -e the rate o* economic de2elopment o* a countr+. It means that the suppl+ o* entrepreneurs in a societ+ a**ects the rate o* economic de2elopment o* a countr+. It is

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important to understand the in*luence o* the socio-cultural attri-utes in the achie2ement o* success in an independent entrepreneurial career& *or which the present stud+ was conducted. #!$%e Concept of Women Entrepreneurs%ip >ith the emergence o* women as entrepreneurs a National De2el Standing ;ommittee on >omen 8ntrepreneurs constituted -+ the 0inistr+ o* Industries& India (19!3 de*ined E>omen entrepreneurs9 enterprise as an enterprise owned and administered -+ a woman and ha2ing a minimum *inancial interest o* '1 percent o* the share capital and ha2e at least '( percent women emplo+eesF. =amala Singh de*ined a woman entrepreneur as G;on*ident& inno2ati2e& and creati2e woman capa-le o* achie2ing sel*-economic independence& indi2iduall+ or& in colla-oration& who generates emplo+ment opportunities *or others through initiating& esta-lishing and running an enterprise -+ /eeping pace with her personal& *amil+ and social li*eG (Singh 1992 . In the present research wor/& the researcher de*ined a woman entrepreneur as&G a woman who is inno2ati2e& creati2e and who esta-lishes her own -usiness and pro2ides some uni:ue /ind o* ser2ices to the societ+& indi2iduall+ or in colla-oration -+ generating emplo+ment to others.G &!'et%odology 5he present empirical Stud+ in .uranga-ad and Nanded districts intends to understand the Socio- cultural attri-utes o* women entrepreneurs which in*luence women entrepreneurs to enter into independent -usiness acti2it+. 5he stud+ is descripti2e and anal+tical in nature. 5he uni2erse *or the present stud+ constituted all the women entrepreneurs wor/ing in .uranga-ad and Nanded districts *rom three sectorsA manu*acturing& trading and ser2ices. .uranga-ad district comprises o* nine talu/as Such as Sillod& =ulta-ad& So+gaon& Paithan& %ai<apur& Cangapur& =annad and Phulam-ri. Nanded district includes eight talu/as such as =andhar& Doha& )eglur& ,iloli& )harma-ad& Nagegaon& Narshi and .rdhapur. ?rom each district three talu/as were selected *or the present stud+ -ecause it was not possi-le to include all the 5alu/as *rom -oth the districts *or want o* time& energ+ and mone+ constraints. 5here*ore the researcher has selected onl+ three 5alu/as *rom -oth the districts. 8sta-lishment o* 0I); ( 0aharashtra Industrial )e2elopment ;orporation in these 5alu/as were considered as important ;riteria *or the selection. 5he comprehensi2e lists o* women entrepreneurs *rom .uranga-ad and Nanded districts were not readil+ a2aila-le. No organiBed e**orts were made earlier on the part o* the go2ernment or on the part o* the non go2ernment organisations (NC$s to prepare an e7hausti2e lists o* entrepreneurs in manu*acturing and trading sectors *rom -oth the districts. ,+ using snow -all techni:ue the researcher hersel* had to prepare the lists o* women entrepreneurs to -e used as a sampling *rame *or the present stud+. (!)e*iew of Literature +adimani , -./0 has conducted an intensi2e stud+ o* 2(( entrepreneurs in a small-scale traditional handloom wea2ing industr+ o* 0ahantpur town. It has e7amined the role o* 2arious sociological *actors in the real li*e situations o* the handloom entrepreneurs and suggested wa+s and means o* ma/ing them success*ul entrepreneurs. It also throws light on 2arious pro-lems o* the handloom industr+& the t+pe o* economic en2ironment o* the handloom wea2ers and the role o* the handloom industr+ in ur-anisation and ur-an de2elopment. 5he stud+ re2ealed that the castes with traditions o* manu*acturing cloth either *ailed or remained static& while the castes with entrepreneurial traditions succeeded in -ecoming good entrepreneurs. B%anus%ali1 S!2! , -.30 has conducted a stud+ o* 12' entrepreneurs in the small scale engineering industr+ o* =olhapur. He had de2eloped 2er+ comprehensi2e ps+cho-socio-economic criteria to measure the de2elopment o* entrepreneurial personalit+. He has applied these criteria and co-related their success status to the social& educational and occupational -ac/ground o* these entrepreneurs. 5he stud+ measured the success status o* entrepreneurs in the small-scale engineering industr+ in =olhapur. 5he stud+ re2eals that& the persons *rom the minorit+ or marginal groups trained in the art o* engineering and ha2ing long contact with engineering industr+ ha2e -etter capa-ilities to achie2e success status. ;aste& education& parental support together ha2e *a2oura-le and cumulati2e e**ect on the ma/ing o* an entrepreneur. 4rasad and )ao 5enkateswara , --.0 ha2e done an empirical stud+ o* 12' women entrepreneurs in the state o* .ndhra Pradesh to stud+ socio-economic -ac/ground& moti2ating *actors and pro-lems *aced -+ women entrepreneurs. It is o-ser2ed in the stud+ that large num-er o* units were started -+ the women in the age-group o* #(-3( H3( percentI. 0arried women entrepreneurs coming *rom nuclear *amilies are 2enturing to start new units. 1nits promoted -+ technicall+ educated and non-technical -ut educated women are also success*ul. Doans& interest su-sidies and mar/eting *acilities o**ered -+ the institutions are inade:uate. S%i*ani S%rad%a1 'uk%er6ee and S%aran )aka ,#77(0 ha2e conducted an empirical stud+ o* the

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entrepreneurs o* Ranchi& the capital cit+ o* Jhar/hand. . random sample o* 2(( entrepreneurs consisted o* 1'( male entrepreneurs and '( *emale entrepreneurs. 5he stud+ in2ol2ed a comparati2e measurement o* le2els o* entrepreneurs& e7amining lin/s -etween these 2aria-les and a *ew socio-cultural *actors such as caste& religiocit+& *amil+ structure and *amil+ support. 5he *indings o* this stud+ suggest that there is a de*inite relationship -etween socio-cultural attri-utes o* entrepreneurs and the le2el o* success achie2ed -+ them. ;ertain sociocultural attri-utes li/e caste& percei2ed *amil+ support and education in*luence the growth o* entrepreneurship. S%elina Ak%ter ,#77/0 has conducted a sur2e+ o* 1(( women entrepreneurs o* ;hittagong cit+ o* ,angladesh. Her stud+ is -ased on -oth primar+ and secondar+ data. 5his stud+ aims at e7ploring the socio-economic conditions o* the women entrepreneurs in ;hittagong cit+& to understand the impact o* their -usiness on their *amilies and societ+& and to *ind out their pro-lems and wa+s to sol2e them. In this stud+& di**erent 2aria-les were ta/en into account to assess the socio-economic status o* ur-an women entrepreneurs. It is re2ealed in the stud+ that women entrepreneurs with education *rom S.S.; to post-graduation were greater in num-er. 5his re2eals that educated women now-a-da+s ha2e de2eloped a particular inclination towards sel*-emplo+ment. It is also re2ealed that *amil+ 2alues too greatl+ in*luence people in determining their careers and small siBe o* the *amil+ moti2ated women to get in2ol2ed in independent -usiness and industr+ as entrepreneurs. /! 8b6ecti*e In the present stud+& an attempt has -een made to understand the relationship -etween socio- cultural attri-utes o* women entrepreneurs in terms o* age& education& religion& caste& class and e7tent o* success achie2ed -+ them in an independent -usiness acti2it+. 9! Linkages between Socio- Cultural Attributes of Women Entrepreneurs and E:tent of Success Ac%ie*ed by t%em in an "ndependent Business;4rofession! 5o understand the lin/ages -etween socio-cultural attri-utes and le2el o* success achie2ed -+ the respondents& some socio-cultural 2aria-les o* women entrepreneurs (.ge& education& religion& caste& class were crossed with the 2aria-le e7tent o* success in terms o* lower e7tent& medium e7tent and higher e7tent. 9! E:tent of Success : 8wn- perception of t%e )espondents In order to *ind out the e7tent to which the respondents *eel that the+ are success*ul in their -usiness6 pro*essional li2es& three alternati2es were gi2en to them in the ascending order i.e.& to a lesser e7tent& to a medium e7tent and to a greater e7tent. 5he data regarding the responses are presented in the ta-le no.".1 5he data in the ta-le re2eal that an o2erwhelming ma<orit+ o* the respondents ('" percent *eel that the+ are success*ul in their -usiness6 pro*ession to a greater e7tent& 27 percent o* the respondents *eel that the+ are success*ul in their -usiness to a medium e7tent and onl+ 17 percent o* the respondents *eel that the+ are success*ul to a lesser e7tent. ?i2e socio-cultural 2aria-les were crossed with the e7tent o* success to *ul*ill the re:uirements o* the o-<ecti2es. 5he anal+sis o* theses cross ta-les is presented -elow. 9!# Age and E:tent of Success Det us loo/ at the present age o* respondents and sel*- perception o* their success. .n attempt has -een made to understand the lin/ -etween present age o* the respondents and e7tent o* success achie2ed -+ them. .ge *actor pla+s an important role in achie2ing one@s success in -usiness 6 pro*ession. 5he data regarding the respondents present age were crossed with the e7tent o* success and the+ are presented in the ta-le no.".2.It is re2ealed in the ta-le no.".2 that& 3(.3 percent (29.2 K 11.2 o* the respondents9 present age was *ound to -e -etween the age- group o* #1 to 3( and the+ were *ound to -e success*ul either to medium e7tent or to a greater e7tent and the remaining 13 percent o* the respondents -etween the age- group o* #1-3( were *ound to -e success*ul to a lesser e7tent& 2! percent o* the respondents were *ound to -e in the age group o* 31 and a-o2e and ma<orit+ o* them were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium or to a greater e7tent& while 1" percent o* the respondents were *ound to -e -etween the age-group o* 21 to #( and ma<orit+ were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium or to a greater e7tent. $nl+ 1 percent o* the respondents were *ound to -e -elow the age-group o* 2( and were *ound to -e success*ul to a medium e7tent. It is re2ealed *rom the data that 3(.3 percent o* the respondents in the present stud+ were *ound to -e -etween the age-group o* #1 to 3( and were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium or to a greater e7tent. 5his is the age-group when women are ph+sicall+ strong and relati2el+ *ree *rom their *amil+ responsi-ilities and can spent more time *or their -usiness 6 pro*ession to achie2e success. It is also re2ealed *rom the stud+ that as the age increases the e7tent o* success also increases. ?or the success *actor in an+ -usiness6pro*ession re:uires more and more e7perience on the part o* entrepreneur. 9!& Education and E:tent of Success 8ducation is an important socio-cultural *actor that in*luences the per*ormance o* an entrepreneur. It is -elie2ed

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that education recei2ed in Schools and college inculcates the 2alue o* achie2ement and the 2alue o* e:ualit+ o* opportunit+ and also ena-les people to inculcate 2arious t+pes o* technical s/ills (Shi2ani& 0u/her<i and Sharan& 2((' . 5here*ore& in this stud+& to understand the relationship -etween education and the e7tent o* success& these two 2aria-les were crossed and the+ are presented in the ta-le no.".#. In the ta-le no.".#& it is re2ealed that 3(.3 percent (27." K 12.! o* the respondents were *ound to -e educated upto graduation and were *ound to -e success*ul either to medium e7tent or to a greater e7tent and the remaining 7 percent o* the respondents were *ound to -e educated upto graduation and were *ound to -e success*ul to a lesser e7tent& #" percent o* the respondents who were *ound to -e educated up to post graduation were *ound to -e success*ul either to medium or to a greater e7tent. $nl+ " percent o* the respondents who were *ound to -e educated up to post graduation were *ound to -e success*ul to a lesser e7tent. %er+ *ew (17 percent o* the respondents were *ound to -e educated up to 12th and were *ound to -e success*ul at all the le2els. In the present stud+ it clearl+ indicates that o2erwhelming ma<orit+ o* the respondents were *ound to -e educated up to graduation and post-graduation le2el and were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium or to a greater e7tent. It clearl+ indicates that without higher education one can not enter and achie2e success in -usiness 6 pro*ession. 9!( Caste and E:tent of Success ;aste is an important socio-cultural *actor which continues to pla+ an important role in one@s entr+ into an entrepreneurship and achie2e success in it. Some social groups in the societ+ tend to produce a large num-er o* entrepreneurs& while some others do not produce them at all. .n indi2idual@s de2elopment o* personalit+ largel+ depends upon his or her up-ringing& religious or cultural ethics& caste or communit+ ethics and so on. 5here*ore in the present stud+ an attempt has -een made to understand the relationship -etween caste -ac/ground and the e7tent o* success achie2ed -+ the respondents. 5he data regarding the relationship -etween the caste -ac/ground and the e7tent o* success achie2ed -+ them are presented in ta-le no.".3. 5he data presented in the ta-le no.".3 indicates that an o2erwhelming ma<orit+ o* the respondents ("9 precent were *ound to -elong to open caste categor+ and out o* it '#.3 percent (17." K #'.! were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium e7tent or to a greater e7tent. Remaining #1 percent o* the respondents were *ound to -elong to $,;& S;6S56N5& and other communit+ caste categor+ and ma<orit+ o* them were *ound to -e success*ul to a greater e7tent. It is clearl+ re2ealed *rom the present stud+ that an o2erwhelming ma<orit+ o* the respondents were *ound to -elong to open caste categor+ and ma<orit+ o* them were *ound to -e success*ul to a greater e7tent. .s compared to open caste categor+ entrepreneurs the percentage o* $,;&S;6S56N5 and other communit+ entrepreneurs were low -ut their caste -ac/ground does not in*luence the success le2el in the -usiness6pro*ession. It is re2ealed *rom the stud+ that to enter into an entrepreneurial acti2it+ it is a phenomenon which is still associated with the persons -elonging to a open caste categor+ and it is still low among the persons o* $,;&S;6S56N5 and other communit+ categor+ entrepreneurs. 9!/ )eligion and E:tent of Success Religion is an integral part o* a cultural s+stem. It is important -ecause it promotes social solidarit+ and rein*orces social norms and 2alues. Religion ma/es people share common -elie*s and thus a common 2alue s+stem.0ilton Singer argued on the -asis o* an empirical stud+ conducted -+ him in 0adras that Hindu industrialists in 0adras compartmentalise their religious li2es and their -usiness acti2ities. Singer (Singer 1972 & 5im-erg (5im-erg& 197! and Sa-erwal (Sa-erwal& 197" had altogether re<ected we-er@s thesis that religion& norms and 2alue& -eha2iour and econom+ are all interconnected. 5he+ were o* the 2iew that India@s economic -ac/wardness was due to certain structural conditions that were unsuita-le *or entrepreneurship and not -ecause o* social or cultural s+stems pre2ailing in the countr+. (Shi2ani& 0u/her<ee& Sharan 2((' It is in this conte7t in the present stud+& to understand the relationship -etween the religion and e7tent o* success& these two 2aria-les were crossed and the+ are presented in the ta-le no.".'. 5he data presented in the ta-le no.".' indicates that an o2erwhelming ma<orit+ o* the respondents 9( percent were *ound to -elong to Hindu religion and out o* it 7' percent were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium or to a greater e7tent and 1' percent o* the respondents were *ound to -e success*ul up to lesser e7tent. .nother 1( percent o* the respondents were *ound to -elong to 0uslim& Si/h& Jain and ;hristian religion and ma<orit+ o* them were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium or to a greater e7tent. It is re2ealed in the present stud+ that an o2erwhelming ma<orit+ o* the respondents were *ound to -elong to Hindu religion. .nd the+ were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium e7tent or to a greater e7tent. In the conte7t o* the present stud+ representation o* the respondents o* other religion were *ound to -e 2er+ small and ma<orit+ o* them were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium or to a greater e7tent. ?indings o* the stud+ suggest that religion does not appear to a**ect the success le2el o* the respondents.

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9!9 Class and E:tent of Success Social en2ironment o* indi2iduals such as socio-economic class ma+ also in*luence to enter into an entrepreneurial acti2it+. 5he indi2iduals get -ene*ited *rom the -usiness e7perience o* other indi2iduals o* the class the+ -elong to. ;ommunit+ the+ -ecome more producti2e and hence more inclined to -ecome entrepreneurs. It is re2ealed *rom the ta-le no."." that ma<orit+ o* the respondents '7 percent were *ound to -elong to middle class and ma<orit+ o* them '3.2 percent (1!.( K #'.2 were also *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium e7tent or to a greater e7tent. Remaining 3.( percent o* the respondents were *ound to -e success*ul to a lesser e7tent. #" percent o* the respondents were *ound to -elong to upper class and ma<orit+ o* (12.! K 1".3 them were *ound to -e success*ul either to a lesser e7tent or to a greater e7tent. %er+ *ew (7 percent o* the respondents were *ound to -elong to lower class and ma<orit+ o* them ((.! K 2.3 were *ound to -e success*ul either to a lesser e7tent or to a medium e7tent. It is re2ealed in the present stud+ that an o2er whelming ma<orit+ o* the respondents were *ound to -elong to middle class and the+ were *ound to -e success*ul either to a medium or to a greater e7tent. Conclusions It is re2ealed in the present stud+ that socio-cultural attri-utes such as age& education& caste& religion& class de*initel+ a**ect their entr+ into an independent -usiness6pro*ession -ut it does not in*luence the success le2el o* the respondents. Some studies such as Prasad and Rao(199! suggests that units o* technicall+ educated and nontechnical -ut educated women are success*ul in their -usiness. Shelina ./hter(2((' also re2ealed in her stud+ conducted in ,angladesh that educated women ha2e de2eloped particular inclination towards sel*-emplo+ment. Hadimani (19!' suggested in his stud+ that caste -ac/ground with entrepreneurial traditions succeeded in -ecoming good entrepreneurs. It means that socio-cultural attri-utes do in*luence the entr+ o* women into -usiness6pro*essional acti2it+. ,ut to understand its success le2el more and more studies need to -e conducted in this area. )eferences 1 ./hter Shelina (2((' &>omen 8ntrepreneurship in 1r-an ,angaladesh. Sedme, &#(2 &77-1((. 2 ,hanushali S. C.(19!7 & Entrepreneurship Development, ,om-a+& Himala+a Pu-lishing House. # ,erger ,rigitte.(1991 & The Culture of Entrepreneurship& New )elhi& 5ata 0c-Crew-Hill Pu-lishing ;ompan+ Dimited&2(-21. 3 Hadimani R.N. (19!' & LDynamics of Industrial Entrepreneurship’, New )elhi& .shish Pu-lishing House. ' =il-+ Peter. (1971 &Entrepreneurship and Economic Development, New Mor/& 5he ?ree Press.1#. " 0c;lelland ).;.(197" & The Achieving Society, New Mor/& Ir2ington Pu-lishers& Inc&2('. ! Prasad .. C. and Rao 5. %en/ateswara.(199! &Socio-8conomic ,ac/ground o* >omen 8ntrepreneurs N . ;ase stud+ o* .ndhra Pradesh& ;. Swara<+ala/shmi, Development of "omen Entrepreneurship in India, New )elhi& )isco2er+ Pu-lishing House&1(1-11(. #! Shivani, $u%her&ee and Sharan.'())*!,Structural Interventions +or +avoura,le Socio-Cultural Influences on Indian Entrepreneurs, material do.nload from .e,site/http/0".".".fordham.edu0 economics0vinod 0docs0shivani,on 1#th 2cto,er, ())3, 1/14 p.m. 9 Singh =amala. (1992 & "omen Entrepreneurs, New )elhi& .shish Pu-lishing House.12. 1( httpA www.IndianetBone.com1"1 Auranga,ad district.Html 11! http/00nanded.nic.in0htmldocs0goograptionalinfo.html $able no! Sector-wise Women Entrepreneurs of Aurangabad and <anded =istricts! Sector Aurangabad Sampled <anded =istrict Sampled =istrict $otal Entrepreneurs $otal Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurs Entrepreneurs 0anu*acturing !( ## 72 2! 5rading 7! #" 7( ## Ser2ice #(! '" 29# "3 $otal (79 #/ (&/ #/

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Research on Humanities and Social Sciences ISSN 2222-1719 (Paper ISSN 2222-2!"# ($nline %ol.#& No.1'& 2(1#

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$able <o!9! E:tent of Success : 8wn -4erception of t%e )espondents : E:tent of Success >re?uency 4ercentage 1 5o a Desser 87tent 33 17." 2 5o a medium 87tent "7 2".! # 5o a greater 87tent 1#9 ''." $otal #/7 77!7 $able <o!9!# Age-groups and t%e E:tent of Success: 4resent Age- E:tent of success $otal groups Lesser e:tent 'edium e:tent 2reater e:tent ,elow 2( # (1.2 # (1.2 21 to #( 2 ((.! 1! (7.2 2( (!.( 3( (1".( #1 to 3( #' (13.( 2! (11.2 7# (29.2 1#" ('3.3 31 and a-o2e 7 (2.! 1! (7.2 3" (1!.3 71 (2!.3 5otal 33 (17." "7 (2".! 1#9 (''." 2'( (1((.(( $able <o!9!& Education and t%e E:tent of Success: Educational le*el E:tent of Success $otal Lesser e:tent 'edium 2reater e:tent e:tent 1p to 12th 12 (3.! 11 (3.3 2( (!.( 3# (17.2 1p to Craduation 17 (".! #2 (12.! "9 (27." 11! (37.2 Post graduation 1' (" 23 (9." '( (2(.( !9 (#'." $otal (( , 3!90 93 ,#9!.0 &- ,//!90 #/7 , 77!70 $able <o!9!( Caste and E:tent of Success Ac%ie*ed by )espondents: Caste E:tent of Success $otal Lesser e:tent 'edium e:tent 2reater e:tent $pen #2 (12.! 33 (17." 97 (#!.! 17# ("9.2 $,; (3 (1." (' ( .2 (" (2.3 1' (".( S;6S56N5 (# (1.2 1' ( ." 2( (!.( #! (1'.2 $ther ;ommunities (' (2.( (# (1.2 1" (".3 23 (9." $otal (( , 3!90 93 ,#9!.0 &- ,//!90 #/7 , 77!70 $able <o!9!/ )eligion and E:tent of Success: )eligion E:tent of Success $otal Lesser e:tent 'edium e:tent 2reater e:tent Hindu #! (1'.2 "2 (23.! 12" ('(.3 22" (9(.3 0uslim (' (2.( (# (1.2 (2 ((.! 1( (3.( Si/h - ((.( (1 ((.3 (7 (2.! ! (#.2 ;hristen (1 ((.3 - ((.( (1 ((.3 2 ((.! Jain - ((.( - ((.( (# (1.2 3(1." $otal (( , 3!90 93 ,#9!.0 &- ,//!90 #/7 , 77!70 $able <o!9!9 Class and E:tent of Success E:tent of Success Lesser e:tent 'edium e:tent 2reater e:tent #2 (12.! 1" (".3 31 (1".3 1( (3.( 3' (1!.( !! (#'.2 2 ( .! (" (2.3 1( ( .3 (( , 3!90 93 ,#9!.0 &- ,//!90

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