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SIR RICHARD F. BURTON
[1885 Title Page Contents Introduction Chapter I Chapter II: Of The Various Seats Of Passion In Women Chapter III: Of The Different Kinds Of Men And Women Chapter IV: Description Of The eneral !ualities" Characteristics" Temperaments" #tc$" Of Women$ Chapter V: Characteristics Of The Women Of Various %ands Chapter VI: Treating Of Vashi&arana Chapter VII: Of Different Signs In Men And Women Chapter VIII: Treating Of #'ternal #n(o)ments Chapter I*: Treating Of Internal #n(o)ments In Its Various +orms Appendi' I: Astrolog) In Connection With Marriage Appendi' II
The Ananga Ranga
SIR RICHARD F. BURTON
C!s"!#!l$% F!r the &a"a shastra s!'$ety !( )!nd!n and Benares% and (!r #r$*ate '$r'+lat$!n !nly% [1885
S'anned at ,,,.sa'red-te.ts.'!"% O't!ber /000. Th$s te.t $s $n the #+bl$' d!"a$n. These ($les "ay be +sed (!r any n!n-'!""er'$al #+r#!se% #r!*$ded th$s n!t$'e !( attr$b+t$!n $s le(t $nta't.
Introduction Chapter I Section I: Of the +our Orders of Women Section II: Personal Peculiarities of the +our Classes Section III: The da)s of greatest en(o)ment for the +our Classes Section IV: Of the hours -hich gi.e the highest en(o)ment Chapter II: O+ T/# VA0IO1S S#ATS O+ PASSIO, I, WOM#,$ Chapter III: O+ T/# DI++#0#,T KI,DS O+ M#, A,D WOM#,$ Section I: Men Section II: Women Section III: Of Congress Section IV: Of other Minor Distinctions in Congress Chapter IV: D#SC0IPTIO, O+ T/# #,#0A% !1A%ITI#S" C/A0ACT#0ISTICS" T#MP#0AM#,TS" #TC$" O+ WOM#,$ Chapter V: C/A0ACT#0ISTICS O+ T/# WOM#, O+ VA0IO1S %A,DS$ Chapter VI: T0#ATI, O+ VAS/IKA0A,A$
Chapter VII: O+ DI++#0#,T SI ,S I, M#, A,D WOM#,$ Chapter VIII: T0#ATI, O+ #*T#0,A% #,2O3M#,TS$ Chapter I*: T0#ATI, O+ I,T#0,A% #,2O3M#,TS I, ITS VA0IO1S +O0MS$ Appendi' I: AST0O%O 3 I, CO,,#CTIO, WIT/ MA00IA #$ Appendi' II ,e't: Introduction
MA3 )ou 4e purified 4) Par.ati 5 -ho coloured the nails of her hands" -hich -ere -hite li&e the -aters of anges" -ith lac after seeing the fire on the forehead of Sham4hu6 -ho painted her e)es -ith coll)rium after seeing the dar& hues of Sham4hu7s nec& and -hose 4od)8hair stood erect 9-ith desire: after seeing in a mirror the ashes on Sham4hu7s 4od)$ I in.o&e thee" O Kamade.a; thee the sporti.e6 thee" the -anton one" -ho d-ellest in the hearts of all created 4eings6 Thou instillest courage in time of -ar6 thou destro)edst Sam4ar7 A7sura and the 0a&shasas6 thou sufficest unto 0ati <" and to the lo.es and pleasures of the -orld6 Thou art e.er cheerful" remo.ing uneasiness and o.eracti.it)" and thou gi.est comfort and happiness to the mind of man$ King Ahmad -as the ornament of the %odi /ouse$ /e -as a Sea" ha.ing for -aters the tears shed 4) the -ido-s of his slaughtered foes" and he rose to (ust reno-n and -ide8 spread fame$ Ma) his son %ada Khan" .ersed in the Kama Shastra" or Scripture of %o.e" and ha.ing his feet ru44ed -ith the diadems of other &ings" 4e e.er .ictorious; The great princel) sage and arch8poet" Kal)ana Malla .ersed in all the arts" after consulting man) -ise and hol) men" and ha.ing e'amined the opinions of man) poets" and e'tracted the essence of their -isdom" composed" -ith a .ie- of pleasing his so.ereign" a -or& -hich -as called Ananga 0anga =$ Ma) it e.er 4e appreciated 4) the discerning" for it hath 4een dedicated to those -ho are desirous of stud)ing the art and m)ster) of man7s highest en(o)ment" and to those -ho are 4est ac>uainted -ith the science and practice of dalliance and lo.e8delight$ It is true that no (o) in the -orld of mortals can compare -ith that deri.ed from the &no-ledge of the Creator$ Second" ho-e.er" and su4ordinate onl) to this" are the satisfaction and pleasure arising from the possession of a 4eautiful -oman$ Men" it is true" marr) for the sa&e of undistur4ed congress" as -ell as for lo.e and comfort" and often the) o4tain handsome and attracti.e -i.es$ ?ut the) do not gi.e them plenar)
enting li.es 4eing -asted in similar manner" and the 4enefits to 4e deri.of the /istor)" %iterature" and M)tholog) of the /indus"@ 4) William Ward" of Serampore" %ondon" 5B=<$: The lo.and peculiar 4eauties$ Sam4ar7 A7sura -as one of the 0a&shasas" gigantic and dia4olical 4eings" -hom Kama sle-$ .ancing age cooleth his passions" he learneth to thin& of his Creator" to stud) religious su4(ects" and to ac>uire di.es and lo.delicious an instrument is -oman" -hen artfull) pla)ed upon6 ho.el) of all the gods" holding a 4o.a" the third person of the /indu Trinit)" -ho is here termed Sham4hu for S-a)am4hu" the Self8#'istent$ The in.e" and -ho understandeth the thorough and .capa4le she is of producing the most e'>uisite harmon)6 of e'ecuting the most complicated .o&ed 4) the /indu" that he ma) further the ne.and flo-er8tipped arro-" -ith -hich" -hile -andering through perfumed glades" accompanied 4) 0ati" his spouse" he -ounds the hearts of the inha4itants of the Trilo&a or Three Worlds$ Sir William 2ones sa)s that he appears to correspond -ith the ree& #ros and the 0oman Cupido" 4ut that the Indian description of his person and arms" his famil)" attendants and attri4utes has ne.ing the di.erses:88 @The man -ho &no-eth the Art of %o.aried en(o)ment of -oman6 @As ad.underta&ing$ This god is -orshipped under the form of a short stout man" -ith an elephant7s trun& and protu4erant 4ell)$ 9See Vol$ III" P$ =B" @A Vie.contentment" nor do the) themsel.inest pleasures$ +inall)" let it 4e understood that e.eral &inds of -omen" the) regard them onl) in an animal point of .ine &no-ledge: @/ence he is freed from further transmigration of souls6 and -hen the tale of his da)s is dul) told" he goeth direct -ith his -ife to the S.es of Krishna and the si'teen thousand mil&maids are recorded in the ?haga.ariations and of gi.ed from its stud) are set forth in the follo-ing .arga 9hea.at6 this ele.a" or the /indu Cupid" the son of ?ramha" is represented as a 4eautiful )outh" the most lo.en:$@ And thus all )ou -ho read this 4oo& shall &no.es thoroughl) en(o) their charms$ The reason of -hich is" that the) are purel) ignorant of the Scripture of Cupid" the Kama Shastra6 and" despising the difference 4et-een the se.ie-$ Such men must 4e loo&ed upon as foolish and unintelligent6 and this 4oo& is composed -ith the o4(ect of pre.ocation is a4rupt and does not 4egin -ith the 4eginning" anesha 92anus:" %ord of Incepts" -ho is in.enth incarnation of Vishnu is a dar&84lue man" pla)ing -ith 4oth hands upon the pipe" -hilst 0adha" his -ife" stands his left side$ Kamade.er) Shlo&a 9stanAa: of this -or& has a dou4le signification" after the fashion of the Vedanta" and ma) 4e interpreted in t-o -a)s" either m)stical or amator)$ F!!tn!tes 5 The mountain8goddess of man) names" -ife of Shi.aria4l) in.ho.
e" or female principle:" @and 4) them -as produced the uni.en of some especial god$ +or the name of -oman is .)a8 Purana" Shi.ing 4een incarnated as gods" perform manifold and -onderful -or&s$ Shan&hini is Sarupata8Mo&sha" e.a sa)s" @from the supreme spirit proceed Parusha@ 9the generati.en as the man -ho ta&es the form of Vishnu" 4ears upon his 4od) the Shan&ha 9conch shell:" the Cha&ra or discus" and other em4lems of that god$ The /astini is Salo&ata8Mo&sha" for she is -hat .ided into four classes of temperament$ These are:88 5$ Padmini <$ Chatrini6 =$ Shan&hini6 and F$ /astini$ The same correspond -ith the four different phases of Mo&sha" or 0elease from further Transmigration$ The first is Sa)u()ata" or a4sorption into the essence of the Deit)6 the second is Samip)ata" nearness to the Deit)" the 4eing 4orn in the Di.ara)an 9godhead:" -ho li.en Oceans" and from -hose na.ulgarised in our @rut@: and is 4osom8friend to Vasanta" ?asant or Spring$ .es all man&ind$ Padmini" then" means Sa)u()ata" also called Khadgini8Mo&sha 9S-ord8release:" the a4sorption of man into the .o A7ri@" or foe6 and such is Mo&sha" or a4sorption" 4ecause all lo.e or male principle:" @and Par&riti@ 9the producti.e't: Chapter I CHA2T1R I S1CTION I O( the F!+r Orders !( 3!"en.e it and it lo.ari" -hich" 4eing interpreted" means @.es in the Khshira4di" or Mil&8sea" one of the Se.ine Presence6 the third is Sarupata" or resem4lance to the Deit) in lim4s and material 4od)6 the fourth and last is Salo&ata" or residence in the hea.< The Sa&it" or female principle" representing the aptitude of conception and continuation" 4ecomes the -i. +irst" let it 4e understood" that -omen must 4e di.al sprang the Padma" or %otus8flo-er$ Chitrini is Samip)ata8Mo&sha" li&e those -ho" ha.erse" the manifestation of the one god$@ +or its origin -e must go 4ac& to the Chaldaeo8?a4)lonian S)stem$ = This title has 4een e'plained: see also Ward III$ 5CD$ Kama -as the son of Ma)a 9E Illusion" the attracting po-ers of Matter" Maia the mother of Mercur):" he married 0ati 9Affection" .es of the gods in /indu m)tholog)$ Thus in the Sha.
ersation of ?rahmans$ Such" then" is the Padmini" or %otus8-oman$ The Chitrini" or Art8-oman H" is of the middle siAe" neither short nor tall" -ith 4ee84lac& hair" thin" round" shell8li&e nec&6 tender 4od)6 -aist lean8girthed as the lion7s6 hard" full 4reasts6 -ell8turned thighs and hea.ariet)6 she delights in singing and in e.ered -ith thic& hair$ /er .residence in Vishnu7s hea. And no.escence and purple light of her )outh" the cloud a4out to 4urst$ /er e)es are 4right and 4eautiful as the or4s of the fa-n" -ell8cut" and -ith reddish corners$ /er 4osom is hard" full and high6 her nec& is goodl) shaped as the conch8shell" so delicate that the sali.e seed: is hot" and has the perfume of hone)" producing from its a4undance a sound during the .oice is hoarse and harsh" of the 4ass or contralto t)pe6 her gait is precipitate6 she eats -ith moderation and she delights in clothes" flo-ers and .el)" and three folds of -rin&les cross her middle" a4out the um4ilical region$ /er 3oni = resem4les the open lotus84ud" and her %o.oice is lo.lotus" ne.es her @pets@" parrots" Mainas and other 4irds$ Such is the Chitrini" or Art8-oman$ The Shan&hini B" or Conch8-oman" is of 4ilious tempermament" her s&in 4eing al-a)s hot and ta-n)" or dar& )ello-84ro-n6 her 4od) is large" or -aist thic&" and her 4reasts small6 her head" hands" and feet are thin and long" and she loo&s out of the corners of her e)es$ /er 3oni is e.er moist -ith Kama8salila" -hich is distinctl) salt" and the cleft is co.en is to those of the fourth class -ho ha.enereal rite$ /er e)es roll" and her -al& is co>uettish" li&e the s-ing of an elephant" -hilst her .er and courteous she is e.er) &ind of accomplishment" especiall) the arts manual6 her carnal desires" are not strong" and she lo.and musical as the note of the Ko&ila84ird G6 she delights in -hite raiment" in fine (e-els" and in rich dresses$ She cats little" sleeps lightl) and" 4eing as respecta4le and religious as she is cle.a can 4e seen through it6 her nose is straight and lo.er dar&8coloured" though resem4ling" in the effer.il) made hips$ The hair is thin a4out the 3oni" the Mons Veneris 4eing soft" raised and round$ The Kama8salila 9lo.e attri4utes and properties" shape and form" hands and feet$ S1CTION II 2ers!nal 2e'+l$ar$t$es !( the F!+r Classes.oice is that of the peacoc& C$ She is fond of pleasure and .er an'ious to -orship the gods" and to en(o) the con.e8seed 9Kama8salila" the -ater of life: F is perfumed li&e the lil) -hich has ne-l) 4urst$ She -al&s -ith s-anli&e gait" and her .learn )e 4) these -ords to distinguish from one another the four orders of -oman8&ind$ She in -hom the follo-ing signs and s)mptoms appear" is called Padmini" or %otus8 -oman$ 5 /er face is pleasing as the full moon6 her 4od)" -ell clothed -ith flesh$" is soft as the Shiras < or mustard8flo-er6 her s&in is fine" tender and fair as the )ello.
oice is harsh" cho&ed" and throat) 9voix de gorge: and her nec& is 4ent$ /er gait is slo-" and she -al&s in a slouching manner6 often the toes of one foot are croo&ed$ /er Kama8salila has the sa.our of the (uice -hich flo-s in the spring from the elephant7s temples$ She is tard) in the Art of %o.Moon Satisf) the Padmini Satisf) the Chatrini Satisf) the Shan&hini Satisf) the /astini .ornaments of red colour$ She is su4(ect to fits of amorous passion" -hich ma&e her head hot and her 4rain confused D" and at the moment of en(o)ment" she thrusts her nails into her hus4and7s flesh$ She is of choleric constitution" hard8hearted" insolent and .a.enereal rite$ These periods must 4e learnt 4) heart" and students -ill remem4er that on the other da)s not specified" no amount of congress -ill satisf) passions$ 0ead" then" and master the elements$ Ta4le 55 Pratipada 5st da) Shas4ati Hth da) Triti)a =rd da) .e a ta4le of the time in -hich each order deri.er addicted to finding fault$ Such is the Shan&hini" or Conch8 -oman$ The /astini is short of stature6 she has a stout" coarse 4od)" and her s&in" if fair" is of a dead -hite6 her hair is ta-n)" her lips are large6 her .e.as)a .er suffice her$ She is gluttonous" shameless" and irasci4le$ Such is the /astini" or elephant8-oman$ 5I S1CTION III The days !( greatest en4!y"ent (!r the F!+r Classes /a.ing thus laid do-n the four classes of -oman&ind" Kal)ana Malla" the arch8poet" proceeds to gi.iti)a <nd da) Ashtami Bth da) Saptami Cth da) Caturdashi 5Fth da) Chaturthi Fth da) Dashami 5Ith da) #&adashi 55th da) Purnima +ull Moon Panchami Gth da) D-adashi 5<th da) Tra)odasi 5=th da) Ama.icious6 irasci4le" rude and e.ami Dth da) D.es the greatest amount of pleasure from the .e" and can 4e satisfied onl) 4) prolonged congress" in fact" the longer the 4etter" 4ut it -ill ne.
the Pahar" 5< or -atch of the night and da)" during -hich the four classes of -omen deri.h$'h g$*e the h$ghest en4!y"ent Women" 4e it o4ser.ed" differ greatl) in the seasons -hich the) prefer for en(o)ment" according to their classes and temperaments$ The Padmini" for instance" ta&es no satisfaction in night congress6 indeed" she is thoroughl) a.erse to it$ %i&e the Sur)a Kamala 9da)8lotus: -hich opens its e)es to the sunlight" so she is satisfied e.e the greatest pleasure$ Ta4le I Regulating the Night Hours 5st Pahar H8D p$m$ @ The Chitrini @ The /astini <nd Pahar D85< p$m$ @ @ @ The /astini =rd Pahar 5<8= a$m$ @ @ The Shan&hini The /astini Fth Pahar =8H p$m$ The Padmini @ @ The /astini Ta4le II Regulating the Day Hours$ 5st Pahar H8D p$m$ The Padmini @ <nd Pahar D85< p$m$ The Padmini @ =rd Pahar 5<8= a$m$ The Padmini The /astini Fth Pahar =8H p$m$ The Padmini The /astini .S1CTION I5 O( the h!+rs .en 4) a 4o)8hus4and in the 4right hours$ The Chitrini and the Shan&hini are li&e the Chandra Kamala" or night8lotus" that e'pands to the ra)s of the moon6 and the /astini" -ho is the coarsest" ignores all these delicate distinctions$ The follo-ing ta4les" then" sho.
en 4ehind the head in that spot -here pain is most poignant -hen an e'treme fer.And here it -ill 4e o4ser.our seiAes on all the senses$@ 5I @#lephant@8-oman" 4ecause the animal 4eing called the @handed one"@ from the use of the trun&" and /astini corresponds -ith Karami" from &ara" a hand$ She is @mulier nigris dignissima 4arris"@ and of the l)mphatic or lo-est temperament$ These di.eral times of en(o)ments" according to the state of the moon and the hour of the da) or night$ F!!tn!tes 5 #.$" on the /indu ideas of human sperm" and for the .e no satisfaction from da) congress$ Thus did the arch8poet" Kal)ana Malla" relate unto %ad&han 0a(ah ho.-omen are di.e noted" roughl) and unscientificall)" the four #uropean temperaments" ner.isions represent" -e ha.ided into four classes" each of -hich has its o-n peculiarit) of 4od) and mind" and its se.es" and ma&es itself felt e.ed that the Chitrini and the Shan&hini deri.ermicules of the 3oni" chap$ iii$" sec$ =$ G 1suall) &no-n as the Indian cuc&oo" though its .ous temperament" -ith due admi'ture of the 4ilious and sanguine$ < A loft) tree -ith soft and fragrant pollen$ = The 3oni the feminine opposite to the %inga 9Priapus: or male apparatus$ F See note" chap$ i.identl) the ner.ous" sanguine" 4ilious and l)mphatic$ In a future chapter" the three /indu temperaments -ill 4e discussed$ 55 The da)s 9Tithi: are those of the lunar fortnight: the Pratipada" for instance" 4eing the first" -hen the moon7s increase and -ane 4egin$ .oice is harsh and disagreea4le6 in poetr) and romance it ta&es the place of the 4ul4ul of Persia" and the nightingale of #urope$ H The sanguine temperament$ C Meaning e'cellent as that of the Peacoc&" -hich is not disli&ed 4) the /indus as 4) #uropeans$ The) associate it -ith the 4rea&ing of the rain) monsoon" -hich 4rings (o) to the thirst) earth and sun8parched men$ B The 4ilious temperament$ D So Apollonius of 0hodes" descri4ing the passion of Medeia" sa)s:88@The fire -hich de.ours her" attac&s all her ner.
ed one is thoroughl) satisfied$ eneral Ta4le III Shu&lapa&sha or light fortnight6 right side Da) Place The touches 4) -hich passion is Place Krishnapa&sha or dar& fortnight" left side$ Da) .that the paro')sm has ta&en place" and the 4elo.5< As amongst the classics" da) and night are di.erse is the case on the dar& fortnight" including its first da)" and lasting from the full to the ne.that passion resides in different parts and mem4ers of the -oman7s person" and that 4) appl)ing to these the necessar) Chandra&ala 5 or preparator) attouchements" great comfort and pleasure are e'perienced 4) 4oth hus4and and -ife$ On the other hand" if the process placed in the ta4le opposite the respecti.en ghari" or hours 95 ghari E <F5:$ .o.oided 4) stud)ing and 4earing in mind the Chandra&ala$ Passion resides in the -oman7s right side during the Shu&lapa&sha" the first or light fortnight of the lunar month" from ne.ided 4) the /indus -ith eight -atches" each of se.moon to full" including the fifteenth da)$ The re.moon$ The shifting is supposed to ta&e place 4) the action of light and dar&ness" other-ise the site of passion -ould 4e one and the same$ .e't: Chapter II: Of The Various Seats Of Passion In Women CHA2T1R II OF TH1 5ARIOUS S1ATS OF 2ASSION IN 3O61N And" further" let men &no.e da)s of the lunar fortnight 4e not performed" neither se' -ill 4e thoroughl) satisfied6 indeed" 4oth -ill 4e disposed to lust after strange em4races" and thus the) -ill 4e led 4) adulter) into >uarrels" murders" and other deadl) sins" all of -hich ma) 4e a.from generals" Kal)ana Malla" the poet" proceeds to particulars" and supplies details concerning the four different classes of -omen$ /e 4egins -ith the Padmini" and sho-s" firstl)" in -hat lim4 or mem4er passion resides6 and" secondl)" 4) -hat process it can 4e satisfied$ The hus4and must continue his action till$ he sees the 4od)8hair 4ristle" and hears the Sit&ara <88the inarticulate sound produced 4) dra-ing in the air 4et-een the closed teeth$ Thus he -ill &no.
ates .a.el Dth Hth .softl) Do$ Scratch gentl) -ith nails Do$ /old in hands and gentl) &nead Tap soft) -ith 4ase of fist Pat softl) -ith open palm /old" s>ueeAe and tap -ith fist Wor& -ith friction of %inga Press -ith application of &nee and fillup /ead and hair 5st 5Fth 5=th 0ight e)e %o-er lip %eft e)e 1pper lip <nd =rd 5<th 55th 0ight Chee& Throat %eft chee& Throat Fth Gth 5Ith Dth Side ?reasts Side ?reasts Hth Cth Bth All 4osom All 4osom Bth Cth .a.el .satisfied$ 5Gth /ead and hair /old hair" and caress the head and finger8tips Kiss and +ondle Kiss" 4ite and che.ates 5Ith Gth 3oni 3oni 55th Fth Knee Knee 5<th .
iti)a <nd da) @ Kiss and scratch @ Chaturthi Fth da) @ @ @ Panchami Gth da) @ @ Stro&e slo-l) -ith right hand @ Throat Chee& /air Waist Appl) nails and scratch @ Scratch J tap -ith fist @ @ @ ?reast ?ac& @ @ Scratch gentl) @ @ @ ?osom Press -ith nails S>ueeAe and Press and ru4 .-ith finger =rd Calf of leg Press -ith application of calf and fillup -ith finger Press -ith toe" and thrust -ith finger Do$ Calf and leg 5=th <nd +oot +oot 5Fth 5st ?ig toe ?ig toe 5Gth Ta4le IV Sho-ing the Manipulations of the Padmini Mem4er Pratipada 5st da) /ug -ith force Kiss and scratch @ D.
&nead Side Scratch and press -ith nails @ @ @ @ Thigh Scratch and press -ith nails @ @ @ ?ell) Scratch and press -ith nails @ @ @ Arm @ 2er& suddenl) and t-itch ?ite softl) and suc& @ @ %ip ?ite softl) and &iss @ Kiss ?ite softl) .ipple @ Kiss" pinch softl) and ru4 -ith thum4 and forefinger @ Space 4et-een e)es +oot Kiss @ @ @ Scratch and press -ith nails @ @ Ta4le V Sho-ing the manipulations of the Chitrini Mem4er Shasti Hth da) @ Ashtami Bth da) Insert %inga Dashami 5Gth da) 0u4 and scratch D-adashi 5<th da) @ 3oni .
-ith left hand %o-er %ip Throat Kiss #m4race @ Clasp firml) -ith hands @ @ Scratch and pass fingers o.er it and ru4 0u4 -ith left hand and tap -ith fist @ Kiss strongl) @ #ar @ @ Set nails upon it Thigh @ @ @ Middle of 4od) @ @ @ ?ac& @ @ @ .a.el Pinch -ith nails and fingers ?ite >uic&l) and repeatedl) /old in hand @ %ip @ @ @ ?reast Pass left hand o.er it Pass left hand o.ates +orehead @ @ @ @ @ @ .er it and ru4 Caress -ith left hand 0u4 -ith left hand Pass left hand o.er) gentl) #m4race firml) Waist Scratch and press -ith nails @ @ .er it and ru4 @ ?ite .
Chest #)e @ @ @ Kiss and pat Do something that -ill ma&e the e)es close rapidl) /air @ @ @ Pull gentl) Ta4le VI Sho-ing the manipulations of the Shan&hini Mem4er Triti)a =rd da) T-ist it a4out ?ite K Scratch roughl) till mar&s are left Saptami Cth da) #m4race firml) @ @ @ #&adashi 55th da) Clasp -ith force @ @ @ Tra)odashi 5=th da) @ @ @ S>ueeAe till she ma&es the sound of Sit&ara @ ?od) generall) %o-er lip Arm ?reasts ?ell) @ Scratch and press -ith nails Press -ith nails and caress Scratch and press -ith nails Press -ith nails @ Chest @ @ @ Throat @ @ @ #ar @ @ @ .
= Kiss and suc& @ @ @ %ip Inch 4elo.arious Kiss in .a.iolentl) -ith %inga or e.arious .+oot @ Press so as to lea.Moon Manipulate and pull open li&e a flo-er 3oni .a.e.er Kiss and suc& Chaturdashi 5Fth da) Scratch" press in mem4er until her -aist 4ends Purnima +ull Moon @ Ama.ami Dth da) Thrust .as)a .e nail8mar&s Kiss Appl) %inga -ith force @ @ Mouth or face 3oni @ @ @ Appl) %inga as it -ere -ith a 4lo.en ru4 hard -ith hand 0u4 and fre>uentl) pass hand o.head @ @ @ @ @ Write upon it" as it -ere" -ith nails @ %o-er edge of 3oni @ @ @ Ta4le VII Sho-ing the Manipulations of the /astini Mem4er .el @ @ @ %ip @ Kiss in .
en the most strong8minded to their -ill$ F!!tn!tes 5 Chandra&ala is properl) a digit" or one8si'teenth of the lunar or4$ < Called Sit&ara from the sound @S7t.er) softl) 0u4" s>ueeAe" t-ist" J ma&e it .er it and ru4 -ith thum4 and forefinger #m4race in . s7t. s7t.arious -a)s Kiss Scratch and tic&le #)e Armpit @ @ Kiss @ /ere end the ta4les of the Chandra&ala" 4) the proper stud) of -hich men ma) satisf) -omen" and there4) su4(ect e.e Scratch and lea.ipple @ @ ?od) generall) @ @ #m4race in .@ as a person 4reathing hard or dra-ing in cold air 4et-een the teeth" thus ma&ing an inarticulate sound$ +ull particulars concerning it -ill 4e found in Chapter I*$ .e mar&s mar&s Kiss and ru4 -ith thum4 and forefinger Pass hand o.-a)s Side Press -ith fingers J scratch . s7t.arious -a)s Kiss Scratch and tic&le .er) small @ @ F -a)s Scratch till it 4ears nail8mar&s Pull hard ?reast @ Pull hard Scratch till it 4ears nail8mar&s Chest @ Scratch and lea.
e fingers" or a4out si' inches long$ /e is tall and large8framed" 4ut not flesh)" and his delight is in 4ig and ro4ust -omen" ne.irtue7s sa&e6 he loo&s for-ard to ma&ing a name6 he is hum4le in demeanour6 his appetite for food is small" and he is moderate in carnal desires$ +inall)" there is nothing offensi.= In the original Sans&rit and in all the translations there is an allusion to the practice descri4ed 4) 2u.e't: Chapter III: Of The Different Kinds Of Men And Women CHA2T1R III OF TH1 DIFF1R1NT &INDS OF 61N AND 3O61N S1CTION I 6en T/#.er in those of delicate form$ /is 4od) is hard as iron" his chest is 4road" full" and muscular6 his 4od) 4elo.e in his Kama8salila or semen$ The Vrisha4ha is &no-n 4) a %inga of nine fingers in length" or four inches and a half$ /is 4od) is ro4ust and tough" li&e that of a tortise6 his chest is flesh)" his 4ell) is hard" and the frogs of the upper arms are turned so as to 4e 4rought in front$ /is forehead is high" his e)es large and long" -ith pin& corners" and the palm of his hands are red$ /is disposition is cruel and . are three &inds of men" namel)" the Shastra" or the /are8man6 the Vrisha4ha" or ?ull8man" and the Ash-a" or /orse8man$ 5 These ma) 4e descri4ed 4) e'planation of their nature" and 4) enumeration of their accidents$ The Shasha is &no-n 4) a %inga -hich in erection does not e'ceed si' finger84reaths" or a4out three inches$ /is figure is short and spare" 4ut -ell8proportioned in shape and ma&e6 he has small hands" &nees" feet" loins and thighs" the latter 4eing dar&er than the rest of the s&in$ /is features are clear and -ell proportioned6 his face is round" his teeth are short and fine" his hair is sil&)" and his e)es are large and -ell8opened$ /e is of a >uiet disposition6 he does good for .etous" gluttonous" .er) read)$ The Ash-a is &no-n 4) a %inga of t-el.ed in the nails of his toes$ /is hair is long" coarse and thic&$ /is loo& is fi'ed and hard" -ithout changing form" and his .oice is deep li&e that of a 4ull$ /e is rec&less in spirit" passionate and co.the hips is long" and the same is the case -ith his mouth and teeth" his nec& and ears6 -hilst his hands and fingers are remar&a4l) so$ /is &nees are some-hat croo&ed" and this distortion ma) also 4e o4ser.enal 9I*$ F:: Ravola dum Rhodopes uda terit inguina barba$ F Alluding to -hat Sha&espeare calls @&issing -ith th7 inner lip$@ .iolent" restless and irasci4le" and his Kama8salila is e.
a or Ash.ided into three classes 4) the length of the %inga" so the four orders of -omen" Padmini" Chitrini" Shan&hini and /astini" ma) 4e su4di.ini num4ers nine fingers depth$ /er 4od) is delicate6 her arms are thic& from the shoulders do-n-ards6 her 4reasts and hips are 4road and flesh)" and her um4ilical region is high8raised" 4ut -ithout protu4erant stomach$ /er hands and feet are red li&e flo-ers" and -ell8proportioned$ /er head slopes for-ards and is co..ered -ith long and straight hair6 her forehead is retreating6 her nec& is long and much 4ent6 her throat" e)es" and mouth are 4road" and her e)es are li&e the petals of the dar& lotus$ She has a graceful -al&" and she lo.er) mo.ini" Mare8-oman6 and the Karini" or #lephant8-oman$ The Mrigi has a 3oni si' fingers deep$ /er 4od) is delicate" -ith girlish aspect" soft and tender$ /er head is small and -ell8proportioned6 her 4osom stands up -ell6 her stomach is thin and dra-n in6 her thighs and Mons Veneris are flesh)" and her 4uild 4elo.e6 she is affectionate 4ut (ealous" and she is acti.e fingers in depth$ 1n clean in her person" she has large 4reasts6 her nose" ears" and throat are long and thic&6 her chee&s are 4lo-n or e'panded6 her lips are long and 4ent out-ards 9bordes:6 her e)es are fierce and )ello-8tinged6 her face is 4road6 her hair is thic& and some-hat 4lac&ish6 her feet" hands" and arms are short and fat6 and her teeth are large and sharp as a dog7s$ She is nois) -hen eating6 her .oice is hard and harsh6 she is gluttonous in the e'treme" and her (oints crac& -ith e.oice is that of the Ko&ila 4ird" and her gait the rolling of the elephant$ She eats moderatel)" 4ut is much addicted to the pleasure of lo.enereal spasm" and her Kama8salila is perfumed li&e the lotus$ The Karini has a 3oni t-el.ement$ Of a -ic&ed and utterl) shameless disposition" she ne.es sleep and good li.a or Ash.er hesitates to commit sin$ #'cited and dis>uieted 4) carnal desires" she is not easil) satisfied" and re>uires .e at the .the hips is solid" -hilst her arms from the shoulder do-n-ards are large and rounded$ /er hair is thic& and curl)6 her e)es are 4lac& as the dar& lotus8flo-er6 her nostrils are fine6 her chee&s and cars are large6 her hands" feet" and lo-er lip are rudd)" and her fingers are straight$ /er .ing$ Though choleric and .ided into three &inds" according to the depth and e'tent of the 3oni$ These are the Mrigi" also called /arini" the Deer8-oman6 the Vada.ersatile" she is affectionate to her hus4and6 she does not easil) arri.olatile" laA)" and full of sleep$ /e -al&s slo-l)" placing one foot in front of the other$ /e cares little for the .enereal rite" e'cept -hen the spasm approaches$ /is Kama8salila is copious" salt" and goat8li&e$ S1CTION II 3!"en And as men are di.e in mind -hen not su4dued 4) her passions$ /er Kama8salila has the pleasant perfume of the lotus8flo-er$ The Vada.
ini:" and Karini are seldom found pure" and that it is his dut) to learn the proportions in -hich the) com4ine$ ?efore proceeding to the .isions" it results that there are nine conditions under -hich congress ta&es place$ Of these" ho-e.that" the paro')sm ha.eral distinctions of Padmani" Chitrini" Shan&hini and /astini6 of Shasta" Vrisha4ha" and Ash.e follo-ing: 5$ Samana is -hen the proportions of 4oth lo.of lo.ichha" meaning literall) hollo.ing ta&en place" the -oman has en(o)ed plenar) satisfaction6 conse>uentl)" the) refrain from further congress$ S1CTION III O( C!ngress Men and -omen" 4eing" according to the a4o.ichha$ .eral differences" as -ithout such (udgment the conse>uences of congress are not satisfactor)$ Thus the student is -arned that the se.es 4ut little contentment to either lo.or lo-" and metaphoricall) -hen the man is deficient in siAe" gi.a 9Ash.er$ F$ Anti8uchha is an e'aggeration of 1chha6 and G$ Anti8nichha is an e'aggeration of .er) a4undant" and it suggests the (uice -hich flo-s from the elephant7s temples$ The -ise man -ill 4ear in mind that all these characteristics are not e>uall) -ell defined and their proportions can 4e &no-n onl) 4) e'perience$ Mostl) the temperaments are mi'ed6 often -e find a com4ination of t-o and in some cases e.arious acts of congress" the s)mptoms Of the orgasm in -omen must 4e laid do-n$ As soon as she commences to en(o) pleasure" the e)es are half closed and -ater)6 the 4od) -a'es cold6 the 4reath after 4eing hard and (er&)" is e'pired in so4s or sighs6 the lo-er lim4s are limpl) stretched out after a period of rigidit)6 a rising and outflo.e measurements" of three se.e and affection appear" -ith &isses and sporti.ers arc ali&e and e>ual6 hence there is plenar) satisfaction to 4oth$ <$ 1chha is that e'cess of proportion in the man -hich renders congress hard and difficult and therefore does not content the -oman$ =$ .er" four" 4eing unusual" ma) 4e neglected" and attention is re>uired onl) for the fi.en of three$ reat stud)" therefore" is re>uired in (udging 4) the a4sence or presence of the signs and s)mptoms" to choose the Chandra&ala and other manipulations proper to the se.congress unusuall) protracted$ /er Kama8salila is .eral di.e gestures6 and" finall)" she seems as if a4out to s-oon$ At such time" a distaste for further em4races and 4landishments 4ecomes manifest6 then the -ise &no.a" and of Mrigi 9/arini:" Vada.
a /arini 1ttama Madh)ama Kanishtha Ta4le * .ini Ash.eral dimensions into three categories6 -hich are respecti.ini Shasha Karini 1ttama Madh)ama H fingers long 5< fingers deep Kanishtha Ta4le I* Applica4le to the Vrisha4ha" or ?ull8man Dimensional .ides the congress of the se.a Karini Ash.a or As.ames Actual dimensions of mem4ers 5< fingers long 5< fingers deep 5< fingers long D fingers deep 5< fingers long H fingers deep Categor) Ash.a As.el) entitled 1ttama" the 4est6 Madh)ama" the middling6 and Kanishtha" the -orst$ +rom an inspection of these ta4les" it is a4undantl) e.The follo-ing ta4le di.ident that the greatest happiness consist in the correspondence of dimensions" and that the discomfort increases -ith the ratio of difference$ And of this fact the reason is palpa4le$ Ta4le VIII Applica4le to the Shasha" or /are8man Dimensional .ames Actual dimensions of mem4ers H fingers long H fingers deep H fingers long D fingers deep Categor) Shasha Mrigi Shasha Vad.
Applica4le to the Ash-a" or /orse8man Dimensional .ini Ash.igour of tension ena4les the hus4and to turn his mind to-ards the usual arts -hich 4ring -omen under su4(ection$ S1CTION I5 O( !ther 6$n!r D$st$n't$!ns $n C!ngress #ach of the foregoing nine forms of congress is su4di.a8.a Karini Ash.ie-ed -ith respect to length or shortness of time: 5$ Chirasam4ha.issrishti is that -hich occupies a great length of time$ <$ Madh)asam4ha.eral proportions the) produce a prurience and titillation" -herefrom springs that carnal desire -hich is caused to cease onl) 4) congress$ And thus it is that a %inga of small dimensions fails to satisf)$ On the other hand" e'cess of length offends the delicac) of the parts" and produces pain rather than pleasure$ ?ut the proportion of en(o)ment arises from the e'act adaptation of the %inga" especiall) -hen the diameter agrees -ith the e'tension" and -hen the .issrishti is that -hich ta&es a short time to finish$ Again" there are three degrees of Vega" that is to sa)" force of carnal desire" resulting from mental or .issrishti is that -hich is accomplished -ithin a moderate period$ =$ Shighrasam4ha.a8.ided into nine other classes" -hich -ill no.ames Actual dimensions of mem4ers 5< fingers long 5< fingers deep 5< fingers long D fingers deep 5< fingers long H fingers deep Categor) Ash.ermicules 4red 4) 4lood in the 3oni < and these are either Su&shma 9small:" Madh)ama 9middling:" or Adhi&a4ala 9large:$ In their se.ital energ) and acting upon men and -omen$ In order to ma&e this clear" a comparison ma) 4e instituted$ /unger" for instance" is felt 4) all human 4eings" .4e noticed$ There are three forms of Vissrishti" or the emission of Kama8salila" 4oth in men and -omen$" .a Ash.a8.a /arini 1ttama Madh)ama Kanishtha There are three species of .
4ut it affects them differentl)$ Some must satisf) it at once" -ithout -hich the) are read) to lose their senses6 others can endure it for a moderate e'tent" -hilst others suffer from it 4ut little$ The Vegas" or capacities of en(o)ment" are: 5$ Chanda8.ega" furious appetite or impulse6 the highest capacit)$ <$ Madh)ama8.ega" or moderate desires$ =$ Manda8.ega" slo- or cold concupiscence6 the lo-est capacit)$ The -oman -ho possesses Chanda8.ega" ma) 4e &no-n 4) her e.er see&ing carnal en(o)ment6 she must en(o) it fre>uentl) and she -ill not 4e satisfied -ith a single orgasm$ If depri.ed of it" she -ill appear li&e one out of her senses$ The re.erse is she -ho has Manda8.ega" and -ho seems to find in it so little en(o)ment that she al-a)s denies herself to her hus4and$ And the o-ner of Madh)ama8.ega is the most fortunate" as she is free from either e'cess$ Again" there are three Kri)as" acts or processes -hich 4ring on the orgasm in men and -omen6 these are: 5$ Chiroda)a8&ri)a" is applied to the efforts -hich continue long 4efore the) 4ear an) result$ <$ Madh)oda)a8&ri)a" those -hich act in$ a moderate time$ =$ %aghuda)a8&ri)a" the shortest$ Thus -e ma) o4ser.e there are nine se.eral forms of congress" according to the length and depth of the organs$ There are also nine" determined 4) the longer or shorter period re>uired to induce the orgasm and there are nine -hich arise from the Kri)as or processes -hich lead to the conclusion$ Altogether -e ha.e t-ent)8se.en &inds of congress" -hich" 4) multipl)ing the nine species and the three periods" gi.e a grand total of t-o hundred and fort)8three 9D * D E B5 * = E <F=:$
5 These di.isions again appear to represent the ner.ous" 4ilious and sanguine
temperament$ Some MSS$ di.ide men onl) 4) the three %inga8lengths of H" D and 5< finger 4readths6 the latter 95< -idths: -ould 4e of African or ,egro dimensions$
< A fair anticipation of the spermatoAoa: see terminal note of Chap$ IV$
,e't: Chapter IV: Description Of The eneral !ualities" Characteristics" Temperaments" #tc$" Of Women$
D1SCRI2TION OF TH1 71N1RA) 8UA)ITI1S% CHARACT1RISTICS% T1621RA61NTS% 1TC% OF 3O61N T/# follo-ing ta4le -ill sho- the peculiarities of -omen according to the four periods of life during -hich she is open to lo.e$ It ma) 4e premised that she is called Kan)a from 4irth to the age of eight )ears" -hich is the time of ?al)a.astha" or childhood6 and auri" after the -hite goddess Par.ati" from that period to her ele.enth )ear6 Tarun)a.astha -hen she 4ecomes marriagea4le: then follo- 3a.a.astha" )oung8 -omanhood" and Vreuddha.astha" old8-omanhood$ Ta4le *I Sho-ing !ualities attached to the se.eral Ages
Age ,ame 0egarded art of lo.e +it Kind of congress preferred In dar&ness /o- su4(ected
?) flo-ers" small presents" gifts of 4etel" and so on ?) gifts of dresses" pearls and ornaments ?) attention" politeness" &indness and lo.e ?) flatter)
?oth in dar&ness and in light
?e)ond GG )ears
?ecomes sic& and infirm
And further o4ser.e that there are three temperaments of -omen" as sho-n 4) the follo-ing characteristics: The signs of Kapha 9l)mphatic or phlegmatic diathesis: are 4right e)es" teeth and nails6 the 4od) is -ell preser.ed" and the lim4s do not lose their )outhful form$ The 3oni is
cool and hard" flesh)" )et delicate6 and there is lo.e and regard for the hus4and$ Such is the l)mphatic" or the highest temperament$ 5 The ne't is the Pitta" or 4ilious diathesis$ The -oman -hose 4osom and nates are flaccid and pendant" not or4iculate6 -hose s&in is -hite" -hilst her e)es and nails are red6 -hose perspiration is sour" and -hose 3oni is hot and rela'ed6 -ho is -ell .ersed in the arts of congress" 4ut -ho cannot endure it for a long time" and -hose temper is alternatel) and suddenl) angr) and (o)ous" such a one is held to 4e of the Pitta or 4ilious temperament$ She -hose 4od) is dar&" hard" and coarse6 -hose e)es and finger nails are 4lac&ish" and -hose 3oni" instead of 4eing smooth" is rough as the tongue of a co-6 she -hose laugh is harsh6 -hose mind is set on glutton)6 -ho is .olatile and lo>uacious" -hilst in congress she can hardl) 4e satisfied" that -oman is of the Vata or -ind) temperament" the -orst of all$ +urthermore" -omen re>uire to 4e considered in connection -ith the pre.ious state of their e'istence6 the Sat.a" or disposition inherited from a former life" and -hich influences their -orldl) natures$ The De.asat.a8stri" -ho 4elongs to the ods" is cheerful and li.el)" pure84odied and clean" -ith perspiration perfumed li&e the lotus8flo-er6 she is cle.er" -ealth) and industrious" of s-eet speech and 4ene.olent" al-a)s delighting in good -or&s6 her mind is sound as her 4od)" $nor is she e.er tired or displeased 4) her friends$ The andhar.asar.a8stri" -ho deri.es a name from the andhar.as" or hea.enl) minstrels" is 4eautiful of shape" patient in mind" delighting in purit)6 -holl) gi.en to perfumes" fragrant su4stances and flo-ers" to singing and pla)ing" to rich dress and fair ornaments" to sport and amorous pla)" especiall) to the Vilasa" one of the classes of feminine actions -hich indicate the passion of lo.e$ The 3a&shasat.a8stri" -ho deri.es a name from the demi8god presiding o.er the gardens and treasures of Ku.era < has large and flesh) 4reasts" -ith a s&in fair as the -hite champa8flo-er 9michelia champac:6 she is fond of flesh and li>uor6 de.oid of shame and decenc)6 passionate and irasci4le" and at all hours greed) for congress$ The Munush)asat.a8stri" -ho 4elongs essentiall) to humanit)" delights in the pleasures of friendship and hospitalit)$ She is respecta4le and honest" her mind is free from guile" and she is ne.er -earied of religious actions" .o-s" and penances$ The Pisachasat.a8stri" -ho is concerned -ith that class of demons" has a short 4od)" .er) dar& and hot" -ith a forehead e.er -rin&led6 she is unclean in her person" greed)" fond of flesh and for4idden things" and" ho-e.er much en(o)ed" she is e.er eager of congress" li&e a harlot$
a8stri" -ho retains the characteristics of the cro-" e.that a -oman is amorous: She ru4s and repeatedl) smoothes her hair 9so that it ma) loo& -ell:$ She scratches her head 9that notice ma) 4e dra-n to it:$ She stro&es her o-n chee&s 9so as to entice her hus4and:$ She dra-s her dress o.ar)ing" and onl) e'perience can determine the class to -hich -omen 4elonged in the former life" and -hich has coloured their 4odies and minds in this state of e'istence$ The -oman -hose 4osom is hard and flesh)" -ho appears short from the fullness of her frame" and loo&s 4right and light8coloured" such a one is &no-n to en(o) dail) congress -ith her hus4and$ The -oman -ho" 4eing thin" appears .a8stri" or sna&e8-oman" is al-a)s in hurr) and confusion6 her e)es loo& dro-s)6 she )a-ns o.en thro-s herself in her hus4and7s -a) and -ill not readil) get out of his path$ .e" and mercurial$ The Kharasat.a8stri" or mon&e)8-oman" ru4s her e)es throughout the da)" grinds and chatters -ith her teeth" and is .oluntar) chastit)" such a one is @Virahini"@ -ho suffers from long separation from her hus4and and from the -ant of con(ugal em4races$ A -oman -ho eats t-ice as much as a man" is four times more rec&less and -ic&ed" si' times more resolute and o4stinate" and eight times more .er again" and she sighs -ith deep8dra-n respiration6 her mind is forgetful and she li.er .er and o.a8stri" -ho preser.agasat.oids 4athing" -ashing" and pure raiment: she cannot gi.er) tall and some-hat dar&" -hose lim4s and 4od) are unenergetic and languid" the effect of in.The .es the characteristics of the ass" = is unclean in her person" and a.er) li.el)" acti.e a direct ans-er" and she spea&s a-&-ardl) and -ithout reason" 4ecause her mind is croo&ed$ Therefore she pleases no one$ The su4(ect of the Sat.er)thing that she touches$ The Vanarasat.er her 4osom" apparentl) to read(ust it" 4ut lea.er rolls her e)es a4out as if in pain6 throughout the da) she -ants food6 she is sill)" unhapp) and unreasona4le" spoiling e.er she -ants to4acco" food" or sleep$ She e.as is one re>uiring careful stud)" for the characteristics are e.es her 4reasts partl) e'posed$ She 4ites her lo-er lip" che-ing it" as it -ere$ At times she loo&s ashamed -ithout a cause 9the result of her o-n -arm fancies:" and she sits >uietl) in the corner 9engrossed" 4) concupiscence:$ She em4races her female friends" laughing loudl) and spea&ing s-eet -ords" -ith (o&es and (ests" to -hich she desires a return in &ind$ She &isses and hugs )oung children" especiall) 4o)s$ She smiles -ith one chee&" loiters in her gait" and unnecessaril) stretches herself under some pretence or other$ At times she loo&s at her shoulders and under her arms$ She stammers" and does not spea& clearl) and distinctl)$ She sighs and so4s -ithout reason and she )a-ns -hene.iolent in carnal desire$ She can hardl) control her lust of congress" despite the shame -hich is natural to the se'$ The follo-ing are the signs 4) -hich the -ise &no.es in dou4t and suspicion$ The Ka&asat.
e8tie connecting men and -omen: 5$ .ed of her o-n se'$ =$ The prolonged a4sence of her hus4and$ F$ %i.e the greatest desire for congress" and at the same time are most easil) satisfied: 5$ When tired 4) -al&ing and e'hausted -ith 4odil) e'ercise$ <$ After a long -ant of intercourse -ith the hus4and" such as in the case of the Virahini$ =$ When a month after child4irth has elapsed$ F$ During the earlier stages of pregnanc)$ G$ When dull" idle and sleep)$ H$ If recentl) cured of fe.e -omen to de.ing in the societ) of .aisargi&i8priti is that natural affection 4) -hich hus4and and -ife clea.ert) and the -ant of good food and dress$ H$ Mental trou4le" affliction" and unhappiness" causing her to 4ecome discontented and rec&less$ The follo-ing are the fifteen principal causes -hich ma&e -omen unhapp): 5$ The parsimon) of parents and hus4ands" 4ecause the )oung are naturall) generous$ <$ 0ecei.ing too much respect or re.near her" and loo& happ)" she feels pained$ If he departs from her she sho-s s)mptoms of satisfaction$ When seated upon the 4edstead" she a.ile and licentious men$ G$ Po.e to each other li&e the lin&s of an iron chain$ It is a friendship amongst the good of 4oth se'es$ .e$ The follo-ing are the t-el.erence -hen the) are lighthearted6 also 4eing &ept in a-e 4) those -ith -hom the) -ould 4e familiar" and a too strict restraint as regards orderl) and guarded deportment$ =$ Trou4le of disease and sic&ness$ F$ Separation from the hus4and and the -ant of natural en(o)ment$ G$ ?eing made to -or& too hard$ H$ Violence" inhumanit)" and cruelt)" such as 4eating$ C$ 0ough language and a4use$ B$ Suspicion that the) are inclined to e.iate from the right -a)" and to fall into the societ) of profligates: 5$ 0emaining" -hen gro-n up" in her Maher" or mother7s house" as opposed to that of her hus4and7s parents$ <$ #.er$ C$ When sho-ing signs of -antonness or 4ashfulness$ B$ When feeling unusuall) merr) and happ)$ D$ The 0itusnata" F immediatel) 4efore and after the monthl) ailment$ 5I$ Maidens en(o)ed for the first time$ 55$ Throughout the spring season$ 5<$ During thunder" lightning and rain$ At such times -omen are easil) su4(ected to men$ And furthermore" learn that there are four &inds of the Priti" or lo.The follo-ing are the eight signs of indifference to 4e noted in -oman&ind: When -orldl) passion 4egins to su4side" the -ife does not loo& straight 4et-een her hus4and7s e)es$ If an)thing 4e as&ed of her" she sho-s un-illingness to repl)$ If the man dra.il -ords a4out them$ 55$ Want of cleanliness in person or dress$ 5<$ Po.ert)$ 5=$ rief and sorro-$ 5F$ Impotence of the hus4and$ 5G$ Disregard of time and place in the act of lo.e periods -hen -omen ha.oids amator) 4landishments and lies do-n >uietl) to sleep$ When &issed or to)ed -ith she (er&s a-a) her face or her form$ She cherishes malicious feelings to-ards her hus4and7s friends6 and finall)" she has no respect nor re.il communication -ith the depra.il$ D$ Intimidation and threats of punishment for going astra)$ 5I$ Calumn)" accusing of ill deeds" and using e.erence for his famil)$ When these signs are seen" let it 4e &no-n that the -ife is alread) -eaned from con(ugal desires$ The follo-ing are the principal causes -hich dri.
es him languid and disinclined for a third$ ?ut the -ise do not argue therefrom" that the desires of the -oman" as long as she is )oung and strong" are not at the full as real and urgent as those of the man$ The custom of societ) and the shame of the se' ma) compel her to conceal them and e.ed 4) this cunning$ And here it is necessar) to offer some description of the 3oni6 it 4eing of four &inds$ 5$ That -hich is soft inside as the filaments 9pollenK: of the lotus8flo-er6 this is the 4est$ <$ That -hose surface is studded -ith tender flesh8¬s and similar rises$ =$ That -hich a4ounds in rolls" -rin&les" and corrugations6 and F$ That -hich is rough as the co-7s tongue6 this is the -orst$ Moreo.ersed in the case of the man" -ho approaches the first act 4urning -ith lo.er" in the 3oni there is an arter) called Saspanda6 -hich corresponds -ith that of the %inga" and -hich" -hen e'cited 4) the presence and energetic action of the latter" causes Kama8salila to flo-$ It is inside and to-ards the na.e assem4lies" pla)s and dances" -here music and similar arts are practised$ And" moreo.erflo-$ +inall)" there is an arter)" termed Purna8chandra" -hich is full of the Kama8salila" and to this the learned men of old attri4ute the monthl) ailment$ .<$ Visha)a8priti is the fondness 4orn in the -oman" and increased 4) means of gifts" such as s-eetmeats and delicacies" flo-ers" perfumer)" and preparations of sandal-ood" mus&" saffron" and so forth$ It parta&es" therefore" of glutton)" sensualit) and lu'ur)$ =$ Sama8priti is also so far sensual" as it arises from the e>uall) urgent desires of 4oth hus4and and -ife$ F$ A4h)asi&i8priti is the ha4itual lo.er decei.el" and it is attached to certain roughnesses 9thorns:" -hich are peculiarl) lia4le to induce the paro')sm -hen su4(ected to friction$ The Madana8chatra 9the clitoris: H" in the upper part of the 3oni" is that portion -hich pro(ects li&e the plantain8shoot sprouting from the ground6 it is connected -ith the Mada8.e is ne.en to 4oast that the) do not e'ist6 )et the man -ho has studied the Art of %o.iolent" and then she is thoroughl) contented$ This state of things is clean re.e 4red 4) mutual societ): it is sho-n 4) -al&ing in fields" gardens and similar places6 4) attending together at -orship" penances and self8 imposed religious o4ser.ances6 and 4) fre>uenting sporti.er" her passions 4eing thoroughl) aroused" she finds the orgasm more .ahi 9sperm8flo-ing: arter)" and causes the latter to o.er" let it 4e noted" that the desires of the -oman 4eing colder" G and slo-er to rouse than those of the man" she is not easil) satisfied 4) a single act of congress6 her slo-er po-ers of e'citement demand prolonged em4races" and if these 4e denied her" she feels aggrie.e heat" -hich cools during the second" and -hich lea.ed$ At the second act" ho-e.
al -ith a4use and contempt" attri4uting its creation to Vish.iding -omen into man) different classes" it -ill 4e desira4le to consider them -ith reference to the countries in -hich the) d-ell$ The remar&s -ill 4e confined to the Ar)a8.er) da)" and is -ell fitted for those -ho prefer the act of congress -hen long protracted$ She is satisfied onl) 4) enduring .erse to the tric&s of teeth and nails 94iting and scratching:$ The Maru 9Mal-a: -oman li&es to 4e en(o)ed e.arious sorts of apparel$ She is an e'cellent house&eeper" perfectl) 4ro&en to manual la4our and other -or&s" and much gi.ading hosts" and the la.en to religious ceremonies$ Though -onderfull) fond of" and s&ilful in" amator) dalliance" she is a.F!!tn!tes 5 In old #uropean ph)siolog) it ran&ed lo-est$ < /indu Plutus" god of -ealth$ = The Semitic races domesticated the ass" and recognised its admira4le >ualities6 the) treated it -ith due respect" and the) -ere not ashamed of 4eing compared -ith$ It88e$g$" @Issachar is a strong ass$@ The earl) #g)ptian &ings 9?$C$ FIII85III: had no horses in their in.er) -a) li&e that of men6 the microscope -as re>uired for the detection of the spermatoAoa in one se' onl)$ @Clitoris@ means @shutter@6 and hence the +rench clitoriser" to tic&le it$ .asi& and Kolhapur$ The -oman of the Middle 0egion has red nails" 4ut her 4od) is still redder$ She dresses -ell and in .ie-: The Moslems hold that the desires of a -oman are ten times stronger than those of a man$ ?oth are right in certain e'ceptions6 for instance the male is the stronger in dr) climates" the female in the hot" damp and depressing$ H The @+ons et scaturigo Veneris@ of the classics$ It need hardl) 4e remar&ed that the /indus" li&e the ancients in #urope" 4elie.a&arma" -ho caricatured the -or& of the gods$ F 0itu8snata is the -oman" -ho" on the fourth da)" has 4athed and 4ecome pure$ G This is the /indu .e't: Chapter V: Characteristics Of The Women Of Various %ands CHA2T1R 5 CHARACT1RISTICS OF TH1 3O61N OF 5ARIOUS )ANDS +urthermore" after di.of Moses seems to condemn the use$ The @#>uus Ca4allus@ -as con>uered and utiliAed 4) the Caucasians in Central Asia" and the) o.er-helmed its ri.artta" the %and of Men" 4ounded 4) the /imala)a 9sno-house: and Vindh)a Mountains" the Kuru8Kshetra and Allaha4ad$ And first of the -oman of the Madh)a8desha" the countr) 4et-een the Kon&an and the Desha proper" -hose chief cities are Puna 9Poona:" .ed the Kama8salila of -omen to 4e in e.
enereal orgasm ma) readil) 4e induced 4) gentle insertion" 4) stri&ing -ith the hand" and 4) softl) 4iting her lips$ The -oman of Andhra8desha 9Telangana: is so fascinating that she charms the stranger at first sight" and she is s-eet in .e$ The -oman of Vanga 9?engal: and aura has a 4od) soft and delicate as a flo-er6 she is co>uettish and .oice is soft as her 4od) is delicate$ She is loose and licentious" caring .otion to lo.er) little for decenc) in her de.el) inflamed6 she delights in different postures to .er in the art of congress$ She suffers much from prurience and titillation of the 3oni" and she desires lengthened em4races" -hich satisf) her onl) -hen the %inga is of unusual .er smiling gentl)" air) and ga)" full of (est and sport and amorous dalliance" she is )et some-hat destitute of shame$ Affectionate and co>uettish" she is a proficient in the to)ing of lo.arious forms of &issing$ She delights in the closest em4races" and e.em4races" -hich she greatl) co.igour$ The -oman of Maharashtra 9the Maratha countr): and Patalaputa8desha is fond of gi.ed" and she is easil) satisfied" e.er her 4reasts$ The -oman of Kamarupa8desha 9Western Assam: has a soft 4od) and s-eet .e stout 4odies and health) constitutions$ The) delight" -hilst concealing their o-n defects and 4lemishes" their faults and follies" in e'posing those of others$ .iolent" dis>uieted and e'cessi.iolent$ She is prompt in her em4races" and the .ar) en(o)ment" especiall) in the contrar) form" that is -hen the lo.oice as she is 4eautiful of 4od)$ She delights in (ests and dalliance" )et she is an utter stranger to shame" and she is one of the most -ic&ed of her se'$ The -oman of Koshalarashtra8desha 9Audh or Oude: is .e$ During congress she a4ounds in the Kama8salila$ The Vana8stri" or forest -oman 9of the ?hills and other hill tri4es:" ha.en in attouchments6 4ut she has no tric&s of tooth and nail$ The -oman of %ata8desha 9%ar or %arice of the Classics:" the northern part of the Da&han 9Deccan:" is delicate and handsome$ She -ill dance -ith (o) at the prospect of congress" and during the act" her mo.en 4) passing the fingers o.ing amorous side8glances" of dress and ornaments" of (un&etting and garden trips$ #.er is under the 4elo.olatile6 she delights in &issing and em4racing" at the same time that she hates 4eing roughl) or cruell) handled" and she has little desire for congress$ The -oman of 1t&ala8desha 9Orissa: is so 4eautiful that man is attracted to her at first sight" and her .ements of pleasure are fre>uent and .e" at -hich time she 4ecomes .oice6 her affections are -arm" and she is -ell s&illed in all the arts of lo.ets and desires" and the paro')sm must sometimes 4e induced 4) the touch of the fingers$ The -oman of Mathra" Krishna7s countr)" also called A4hira8deshra" the Co-8herds7 %and" is fascinated 4) .er) cle.
il sa.ega" and her amorousness is e'cessi.e't: Chapter VI: Treating Of Vashi&arana .iolence" and heat of her desires are .er) hard to 4e satisfied$ The -oman of Tirotpatna 9or Tira8desha" Tirhoot in Central India: has e)es 4looming li&e the flo-ers of the la&e6 she lo.e6 she communicates delight 4) @.oice6 she delights in clean raiment and fine dresses" and she is satisfied -ith short congress" although fearless" shameless" and headlong in -ic&edness$ The -oman of Kam4o( 9Cam4oge: and Paundradesha is tall" ro4ust" and gross in 4od)" and of -ic&ed disposition6 she is ignorant of the acts of congress accompanied 4) tric&s of nail and tooth" and she is satisfied onl) 4) the .The -oman of ur(ara8desha 9 u(rat" or uAerat: is -ise and sensi4le$ She has 4eautiful features" and e)es proportioned as the) ought to 4e6 she delights in handsome dresses and ornaments" and though -arm and de.es her hus4and fondl) and her passion is inflamed 4) a single loo&6 she is especiall) s&ilful in congress6 she en(o)s .e" she is easil) satisfied 4) short congress$ The -oman of Sindhu8desha 9Sind:" of A.ata" of andhara and of Kashmir 9Cashmere:" are distinguished 4) e.oted to the pleasures of lo.ira" and of Mala)a8desha 9Mala)alim: is -ell8proportioned in 4od) and lim4s" soft and delicate in ma&e" and s-eet of .ia8desha 9the Coromandel countr)" from Madras to Cape Comorin:" of Sau.iduals" and thus to endear himself to -oman&ind$ .el) e)es" casting sidelong and amorous glances$ She is .iolent application of a solid %inga$ The -omen of the Mlenchchhas 9mi'ed races" or those not spea&ing Sans&rit li&e the /indus:" of Par.our of 4od)$ The) are -holl) ignorant of to)ing and dalliance" of &issing and em4racing6 the) care little for congress" and the) are easil) satisfied 4) short em4races$ It is onl) 4) stud) and e'perience of these -omen in different countries that the -ise man learns to classif) them according to their se.a&hara"@ scratching" 4iting" and other signs of hot desire$ The -oman of Dra.e" is modest" and en(o)s onl) her hus4and$ /er form of passion is the Chanda8.anti8desha 9Pan(a4 or Au(ein:" and of ?alhi&a8 desha 9?aha-alpur:" has li.arious -a)s and postures6 and" 4) reason of her delicac)" she cannot endure rough or protracted em4races$ The -oman of Pushpapura" of Madda8desha 9the north8-estern part of /indostan Proper:" and of Tailanga8desha 9Southern India:" though a proficient in the art of lo.eral characteristics to discern the Chandra&alas" or preparator) attouchments" -hich 4est suit races as -ell as indi.olatile" irasci4le" and -ic&ed" and the fierceness" .
e and friendship: .e her hus4and7s lo.ercome and su4due the -omen of the -orld$ The follo-ing recipe -ill ena4le a -oman to attract and preser.e and o4edient to the fascinator" -ho for that purpose uses certain drugs and charms$ And first the magic @Tala&a$@ 5 F$rst 2res'r$#t$!n The hol) sage Vats)a)ana Muni < hath declared that -hosoe.CHA2T1R 5I TR1ATIN7 OF 5ASHI&ARANA VAS/IKM1.e plant" the root of green lotus8flo-ers" the ?assia latifolia" and 4arle)8flo-er6 and" after mi'ing it up -ith some of his o-n Kama8salila" -ill appl) it as a sectarian mar& to his forehead" such an one -ill su4due the -orld of -omen" and she -ho loo&s upon his 4ro.e: Moisten orochana in the 4lood -hich appears e.A is the art 4) -hich man or -oman is rendered su4missi.er -ill ta&e the po-der of sensiti.agarmotha 9cyperus pertenuis or juncifolius:" and costus -ith the 4lood from a -oman7s 3oni" and appl) it to his forehead" shall e.igate the root of the giant Asdepias" the 2atamansi" or spi&enard 9valeriana latamansi:" Ve&hand" the s-eet8smelling grass .er) month" and appl) it to the forehead as a @Tila&@6 as long as it is there and the man loo&s upon it" so long shall he 4e in her po-er$ The follo-ing are @An(an@" or magical coll)riums for -inning lo.e" and shall en(o) a long course of happiness$ Th$rd 2res'r$#t$!n The man -ho -ill ta&e e>ual parts of Tagar 9a flo-ering plant" taberna montana or coronaria asarobacca:" of Pimpalimull 9the root of piper dichotonium" or long pepper:" of Mendha8shinghi 9a plant -hose fruit is compared -ith goat8horns or cra48cla-s:" and of Indian spi&enard6 mi' them together and &nead them -ith hone)" to -hich is added his Kama8salila" or -ith an) of the other fi.e Mala 9secretions of the 4od):6 that man -ill find that such a mi'ture applied to his forehead -ill ena4le him to o.cannot fail to feel for him the most eager desire$ Se'!nd 2res'r$#t$!n The man -ho -ill le.er 4e successful in the affairs of lo.
F$rst Ta&e a human s&ull from the cemeter) or 4urning ground on the eighth da) of the moonlit fortnight of the se.enth month Ash.aga8&eshar" Kala8um4ar 9the fruit of ficus glomerosa: and 4am4oo8 sugar" and ma&e a coll)rium -hen the Push)a8asterism falls upon a Sunda)6 its effect -ill 4e greatl) to increase the mutual lo.e of the -earer$ F!+rth Ta&e Manshil" .er the inner surface of the e)e8lids" instead of the usual antimon)" and the effect -ill 4e to fascinate e.e the lamp6 this is a coll)rium" -hich -ill ma&e e.alli 9the moon8plant" asclepias acida" or sarcostema viminalis:" and of a garland or rosar) placed upon a dead 4od)" and mingled -ith a little of the man7s o-n Kama8salila" 4e thro-n upon a person" the latter -ill 4e surel) su4dued$ .e the effect of fascination$ Se'!nd If a po-der" made of Vatalu lea.er) one$ = Se'!nd Ta&e 4am4oo8manna" .ishottar 9thomea turpethum:" the -ing of the ?hramra84ee" costus" lotus flo-er" and Tagar8root" 4e thro-n upon a man" it -ill at once ha.er it6 let this 4e dra-n o.es" of Soma8.ini 9Septem4er8Octo4er:" e'pose it to fire" and collect the soot upon a plate held o.ant or sla.er) one -ho loo&s upon it the ser. italicum:" -hite .aga8&es&ar 9messua ferrea: F Korphad 9aloe perfoliata: and Manshila 9red sulphuret of arsenic:6 reduce them to po-der" sift" and use as coll)rium6 the -earer7s e)es -ill attract the hearts of all$ Th$rd Ta&e -ood of the Tad8palm 9todd)8tree:" costus" and Tagar8root" le.e of hus4and and -ife$ The follo-ing three prescriptions are po-erful in reducing other persons to su4mission: F$rst If a po-der made of the Kang" or -hite panic 9p.igate in -ater" and -ith the latter moisten a piece of sil& stuff6 con.ert this into -ic&s -ith Shiras8oil" light them and ta&e the soot formed upon a human s&ull in a cemeter)" -hen held a4o.
e to his -in$ An!ther Char" The -oman -ho 4efore congress -ill touch -ith her left foot the %inga of her hus4and" and -ill ma&e a practice of this" undou4tedl) su4dues him" and ma&es him her sla.en8flo-ered tree@" astonia scholaris or echites:" of the 0udra&sha 9cleocarpus lanceolatus" or anitrus" a tree sacred to Shi.es of the ?assia latifolia in e>ual parts" po-der them" and ru4 the po-der upon his %inga 4efore congress" he -ill 4ecome the -oman7s master$ An!ther Char" %et a man le.ina8Vris&sha 9the @se.en da)s6 then ta&e out the contents" G pound" reduce to fine po-der" ma&e pellets" or pills" and dr) them$ If one of these 4e gi.e for life$ An!ther Char" %et a man ta&e of the egesta of the spotted8nec&ed pigeon6 roc&8salt" and the lea.en to a -oman" she -ill 4e su4(ect to a man" and .e e.en a greater effect$ This is perhaps the most potent compound for fascinating others$ A 2h$lter-2$ll 95at$:a.er it -ith a second pot -hose 4ottom must 4e turned up-ards" lute -ith cloth and cla)" and &eep in a solitar) place for se.asi&a8puspha 9perfumed flo-ersK:" -hite .Tetu8tree6 mi' them -ith hone) t-o months old" and appl) the su4stance to his %inga 4efore congress" it -ill ha.ala 9the fragrant andropogon .ice .a:" and of the seeds of San 9?engal @sun@:" 4e used as 4efore" it -ill ha.e the same effect$ A Fas'$nat$ng In'ense% !r F+"$gat$!n Pound -ell together sandal8-ood" Kun&u 9red po-der prepared from turmeric and alum coloured -ith lemon8(uice and other matters:" costus" Krishnaguru 94lac& sanders:" Su.igate together Kasturi 9common mus&" also applied to a &ind of camphor: and -ood of the )ello.ersa$ An!ther Char" The man -ho" after en(o)ing his -ife" catches some of his o-n Kama8salila in his left hand" and applies it to her left foot" -ill find her entirel) su4missi.Th$rd If a po-der" made -ith e>ual >uantities of the Sata. On an) Tuesda)" ta&e out the 4o-els of the 4lue (a) 9coracias indica:" and let some of the fascinator7s o-n Kama8salila 4e placed inside the 4od)6 put the latter into an earthen pot" co.
arious a4ominations -hich it contains$ The underl)ing idea appears to 4e that if an) secretion of the 4od)" the fouler the 4etter" can 4e secretl) administered to a person of either se'" the result is the su4(ection of the patient to the adhi4itor$ The #uropean reader -ill hardl) 4elie.e gi.er the #ast$ .e to him$ An!ther In'ense Pound and mi' together e>ual >uantities of cardamom8seeds" Oli4anum 9or gum 4enAoin:" the plant arur8-el Moon8seed" monispermum glabrum" or cocculus cardifolius" sandal8-ood" the flo-ers of the eared (asmine" and ?engal madder$ This incense is po-erful as that a4o.o" -ith Preface" Introduction and concluding remar&s" Benares.muricatum and the 4ar& of the Deodaru pine6 and" after reducing them to fine po-der" mi' it -ith hone) and thoroughl) dr)$ It is no.e'tensi.en Parts" gr$ in B.e to men$ < The reader can no.&no-n as Chintamani8Dhupa" the @thought8mastering incense@$ If a little of this 4e used according to the ceremonies prescri4ed" he -ho emplo)s it -ill ma&e all the -orld su4missi.o Persian -ill drin& sher4et in the house of his future mother8in8la-6 and 2e-ish -omen" -ho are especiall) addicted to these practices" -ill mi' their monthl) 4lood in the philters -hich the) gi.othing in /indu e)es can 4e more impure or sacrilegious than such an act as this6 the people ha. printed for the Hindoo Kama hastra ociety" 5BB=$ = .e't: Chapter VII: Of Different Signs In Men And Women .ing" as a rule" the highest re.e ho.erence for the 4od) from -hich life has departed$ And the horror of the thing is" of course" the secret of its po-er$ F Others translate @Cassia 4uds$@ G These" of course" -ould 4e putrid in an Indian climate$ .el) this practice is carried out all o.en$ F!!tn!tes 5 This is a round sectarian mar&" a4out the siAe of a -afer" -hich the /indu applies to his forehead" after certain rites and pra)ers$ The reader -ill find this chapter interesting on account of the .consult the Kama Sutra of the Sage Vats)a)ana" translated from the Sans&rit in se.
or small6 -hose ears are triangular" li&e a sifting or -inno-ing fan6 -hose second toe is larger and longer than the 4ig toe6 G -hose third toe is 4lunt" -ithout tip or point" and -hose little toes do not touch the ground6 -hose .e 4rothers and &insfol&" and 4e a great proficient in the Kama8shastra" or Science of %o.CHA2T1R 5II OF DIFF1R1NT SI7NS IN 61N AND 3O61N 1 T/# characteristics of a -oman -hom -e should ta&e to -ife" are as follo-s: She should come from a famil) of e>ual ran& -ith that of her hus4and" a house -hich is &no-n to 4e .er) short or .er rough and hard6 -hose hair and e)es are )ello-ish" the latter li&e a cat7s6 -hose teeth are long" or are -holl) -anting6 -hose mouth and lips are -ide and pro(ecting" F -ith the lo-er lip of dar& colour" and tremulous -hen spea&ing6 -ho allo-s her tongue to loll out6 -hose e)e4ro-s are straight6 -hose temples are depressed6 -ho sho-s signs of 4eard" mustachios" and dense 4od)8pile6 -hose nec& is thic&6 -ho has some lim4s shorter and other longer than the usual proportion6 -hose one 4reast is large or high" and the other lo.aliant and chaste" -ise and learned" prudent and patient" correct and 4ecomingl) 4eha.er 9as Tarangini:" of a 4ird 9as Chimani:" or of a constellation 9as 0e.ardhan:" H of a tree 9as An4i:" of a ri.e$ Such a girl is trul) fitted for marriage6 and let a sensi4le man hasten to ta&e her" 4) performing the ceremonies -hich are commanded in the /ol) %a-$ And here ma) 4e learned the mar&s -here4) 4eaut) and good shape of 4od) are distinguished$ The maiden -hose face is soft and pleasing as the moon6 -hose e)es are 4right and li>uid as the fa-n7s6 -hose nose is delicate as the sesamum flo-ers6 -hose teeth are clean as diamonds and clear as pearls6 -hose ears are small and rounded6 -hose nec& is li&e a sea8shell" -ith three delicate lines or tracings 4ehind6 -hose lo-er lip is red as the ripe fruit of the 4r)on)6 -hose hair is 4lac& as the ?hramara7s < -ing6 -hose s&in is 4rilliant as the flo-er of the dar&84lue lotus" or light as the surface of polished gold6 -hose feet and hands are red" 4eing mar&ed -ith the circular Cha&ra or discus6 = -hose stomach is small" -hilst the um4ilical region is dra-n in6 -hose shape 4elo.er) thin6 -hose s&in is e.the hips is large6 -hose thighs" 4eing -ell8proportioned and pleasing as the plantain8tree" ma&e her -al& li&e the elephant" neither too fast nor too slo-6 -hose .ati" the <Cth lunar mansion:88such a girl" .er) fat or .ed" and famed for acting according to its religion" and for discharging its social duties$ She should 4e free from .oice is harsh and laugh is loud6 -ho -al&s >uic&l) and -ith uncertain gait6 -ho is full8gro-n6 -ho is disposed to 4e sic&l)" and -ho 4ears the name of a mountain 9as o.ices and endo-ed -ith all good >ualities" possess a fair face and fine person" ha.oice is s-eet as the Ko&ila84ird7s8such a girl" especiall) if her temper 4e good" her nature &indl)" her sleep short and her mind and 4od) not inclined to laAiness" should at once 4e married 4) the -ise man$ ?ut the girl -ho comes from a 4ad famil)6 -hose 4od) is either .er) tall" .
es alms and ma&es charities as far as his means permit$ Such a $nan is descri4ed 4) cele4rated poets as a fit person to -hom the daughter should 4e gi.ice of emplo)ers$ The se.anit)" magnificence and ostentation$ The t-elfth is ne.er sic&l) -ith dangerous disease" sinful and .eller" an a4sentee" one e.oided" under all circumstances" 4) the -ise$ So much for the characteristics of the -oman$ On the other hand" man should 4e tried" e.en in marriage$ And these are the defects and 4lemishes of a son8in8la-: The man -ho is 4orn in a lofamil)" -ho is .enth is not to allo.ision of food and propert) amongst famil) and friends$ The si'th is dul) attending to the -ants of the -ife$ The se.especiall) if her disposition 4e irasci4le and temper .er8sleep$ The si'teenth is to 4e diligent in the ser.enteenth is not to fl) -hen attac&ed 4) ro44ers and .e matters$ The eighth is secrec) and pri.er &no-n sin and po.enth is circumspection in lo.o-" an) person -ho com4ines these t-ent) one >ualities is deser.er aspiring to the unattaina4le$ The thirteenth is contentment -ith -hat the man has" if he can get no more$ The fourteenth is plainness of diet$ The fifteenth is to a.ert)$ /e must 4e )oung" handsome" -ealth)" 4ra.-ealth and -orldl) success to engender pride and .enereal act$ The ninth is patience and perse.iolent6 if she eat and sleep much6 if she 4e al-a)s .edl) reputed an e'cellent man$ When choosing a son8in8la-" the follo-ing characteristics should 4e aimed at: /e must come from a large famil)" -hich has ne.e and influential6 diligent in 4usiness" moderate in en(o)ing riches" s-eet of speech" -ell .er a-a) from his home and residing a4road6 a de4tor" a 4eggar" a man -ho has no friendship -ith the good" or -ho" .er) -ic&ed" poor and miserl)" impotent" prone to conceal the .ised" li&e the ?a&8heron" that stands intentl) e)eing its pre) in the pool 4elo-$ The third is earl) rising" and causing others to do the same$ The fourth is hardihood in -ar$ The fifth is a generous distri4ution and di.en as gold is tested" in four -a)s: 5" 4) the touchstone6 <" 4) cutting6 =" 4) heating: and" F" 4) hammering$ Thus should -e ta&e into consideration885" learning6 <" disposition6 =" >ualities6 and F" action$ The first characteristic of a man is courage" -ith endurance6 if he attempt an) deed" great or small" he should do it -ith the spirit of a lion$ Second" is prudence: time and place must 4e determined" and opportunit) de.oid o.ersed in discharging his o-n dudes" &no-n to the -orld as a mine of .irtues" steadfast in mind" and a treasur) of merc)" -ho gi.erance in all the 4usiness of life$ The tenth is (udgment in collecting and in storing up -hat ma) 4e necessar)$ The ele.ices of others6 a constant tra.irtues and to di.ac) in the .icious" a li4ertine" pitiless" and e.ulge the .e'ed" trou4led and distressed6 if her disposition 4e restless and fidgett)6 if she has little understanding in -orldl) matters6 if she 4e destitute of shame and if her natural disposition 4e -ic&ed" should 4e carefull) a.illains$ The eighteenth is -or&ing -illingl)6 for instance" not ta&ing into consideration the sun and shade if the la4ourer 4e o4liged to carr) a parcel$ The nineteenth is the patient endurance of trou4le$ The t-entieth is to &eep the e)e fi'ed upon a great 4usiness6 and the t-ent)8first is to stud) the means properest for success$ .
er) perfect hand and foot consists of fi.er" the man upon -hose thum4 or chest there is a figure shaped li&e a 4arle) grain B" the same -ill eat 4read earned 4) his o-n e'ertions" and he -ill e.o-" if an un4ro&en line in the palm C run from the @mount@" or 4ase of the little finger" to that of the forefinger" it is a sign that the 4earer -ill li.as regards the other se'$ The -oman of inauspicious signs" -ill 4e or 4ecome an orphan" a -ido-" destitute of 4rothers and sisters" and -ithout connections" as -ell as relations" so that her life ends" as it 4egan" in 4itterness$ /er characteristics" therefore" should 4e carefull) e'amined 4efore marriage -ith her is contracted$ %et it 4e understood that the -oman -ho 4ears on the sole of her left foot the signs of the Cha&ra 9>uoit" peculiar to Vishnu:" the Padma 9lotus:" the Dh.er remain happ)$ As a rule" if the lines in the palms 4e fe-" men are poor and penniless6 if there 4e four the) are happ)6 and if more than four" the) are threatened -ith mean and -retched fortunes6 moreo.e mem4ers" namel) the Angushtha 9thum4:" the Tar(ani 9forefinger:" the Madh)ama 9middle8finger:" the Anami&a 9ring8finger:" and the Kanishthi&a 9little8finger:$ .er) thic&" -ill e.proceed to the Samudri&a8la&shana or chiromantic signs" good and 4ad" -hich affect present and future happiness$ The length of a man7s and -oman7s life" and the mar&s -hich denote it" must first 4e treated of" 4ecause it is useless to see auspicious details if death ma) shortl) 4e e'pected$ And first of all the palmistr) of the man$ #.a(a 9flag:" the Chatra 9um4rella:" the m)stical S.er" the much strea&ed palm sho-s a >uarrelsome nature$ The man -hose e)e is red" -hose 4od) is fair and of good comple'ion li&es gold6 -hose trun& is flesh) and -hose arms reach his &nees D" the same -ill al-a)s remain rich and en(o) grandeur" opulence" lordship and supremac)$ The man -hose thighs are large" -ill -in great -ealth6 the man -hose -aist is 4road" -ill 4e 4lessed in his -ife and man) children6 the man -hose feet are long 5I" and -hose hands are .er) delicate" -ill al-a)s en(o) happiness6 and the man -hose head is large and length) 55" -ill rise to 4e a prince$ The man -hose %inga is .er 4e in distress$ The man -hose %inga is thin and lean" -ill 4e .asti&a" 5= and the Kamala" that is" circular lines 5F" and not conch8shaped on her finger8tips" that -oman -ill 4e a 0ani 9>ueen:$ If" ho-e.e it" 4rea&s into >uarrel upon trifling things8such a person the -ise -ill not accept as a son8in8la-$ We no.e a hundred )ears$ ?ut the man in -hose palm an un4ro&en line runs from the 4all or cushion of the little finger to that of the middle finger" should 4e considered as li&el) to li.er" one or more of these figures 4e -anting" she -ill en(o) all the happiness of a cro-ned head$ .if he ha.e for a period of si't) )ears$ Moreo.er) long" -ill 4e -retchedl) poor$ The man -hose %inga is .er) luc&)6 and the man -hose %inga is short" -ill 4e a 0a(ah$ 5< So much concerning the characteristics of men$ And no.
er 4e contracted -ith a girl" unless the lines and spots" as interpreted 4) treatises on Chiromanc)" are first e'amined and found good$ The conse>uence of unauspicious signs is that her 4irth -ill cause the death of her father" mother and 4rother in succession$ The man -ho marries such a maiden" -ill presentl) die" and 4e follo-ed 4) all his 4rethren" and these t-o families -ill 4e destro)ed$ There are se.er6 fourthl)" he despises himself6 fifthl)" his -ealth greatl) decreases6 si'thl)" he suffers much in this -orld6 and se.arado&ta 5H that marriage should ne.ana" King of %an&a 9Ce)lon:" -as destro)ed 4ecause he forci4l) a4ducted Sita" the -ife of 0ama" and .en &inds of trou4les -hich result from ha.er) long" -ill 4e of a -ic&ed and cruel disposition$ The maiden -hose nec& is .igourless6 thirdl)" the -orld derides and reproaches the lo.e connection -ith the -ife of another" under certain circumstances" -hich -ill 4e presentl) specified$ reat and po-erful monarchs ha.e lines in the shape of an An&ush 9spi&ed hoo& for guiding elephants:" a Kuntala 9or spur:" and a Cha&ra 9>uoit or discus:" -ill intermarr) -ith a ro)al house" and 4ear a son -ho sho-s the most fortunate signs$ It is -ritten in the 4oo& .en 4efore marriage$ What dou4t" then" is there of her 4eing an adulteress as long as her )outh enduresK The -oman -hose 4reasts are flesh)" firm" and handsome" -hose 4osom is -ithout hair" and -hose thighs are li&e the trun& of an elephant" -ill en(o) a life of happiness$ The maiden -ho has 4lac& moles upon her left 4reast" throat and ears" -ill marr) and 4ear a son ha.er) short" -ill 4e -retchedl) poor$ The maiden -hose nec& has three lines or -rin&les" -ill 4e of a good disposition" and her lot -ill 4e e.e 4een 4orn in a ser.er fortunate$ The maiden -ho 4ears in the palm of her hand lines resem4ling enclosing -alls" and @Toran@ or garlands of flo-ers" and t-igs of trees 4ent into circles 5G" -ill 4ecome the -ife of a King" although she ha.e$ The -oman -hose t-o little toes do not touch the ground -hilst -al&ing" -ill certainl) lose her hus4and6 and during her -ido-hood" she -ill not 4e a4le to &eep herself chaste$ The -oman -hose Tar(ani or second toe is the longest of all the toes" -ill 4e unchaste e.es and their realms 4) their desire to en(o) the -i.ing auspicious mar&s6 and 4) her means" all the famil) -ill 4e called 4lessed$ The maiden -hose nec& is .es of others$ +or instance" in former da)s the famil) of the 0a.The -oman -ho 4ears on the sole of her left foot a line e'tending from the @mount@ or cushion of the little toe" to the 4all of the 4ig toe" that -oman -ill readil) o4tain a god hus4and" and -ill find great happiness in his lo.e ruined themsel.ing intercourse -ith the -ife of another man$ +irstl)" adulter) shortens or lessens the period of life6 secondl)" the 4od) 4ecomes spiritless and .enthl)" he -ill suffer more in the -orld to come$ 3et" despite all this ignomin)" disgrace and contumel)" it is a4solutel) necessar) to ha.ant7s house$ The maiden -hose palms ha.
en in their thoughts$ ?ut there are ten changes in the natural state of men" -hich re>uire to 4e ta&en into consideration$ +irstl)" -hen he is in a state of Dh)asa 9desiderium:" at a loss to do an)thing e'cept to see a particular -oman6 secondl)" -hen he finds his mind -andering" as if he -ere a4out to lose his senses6 thirdl)" -hen he is e.ashi" the most lo.a 4egan to -ander6 he could no longer concentrate his thoughts upon -orship and he felt upon the point of death$ See" then" the state to -hich that &ing -as reduced 4) thin&ing so much a4out 1r.es -ings and fl)6 eighthl)" -hen the state of mental into'ication .out man" and -ho entered upon such a course of mortification and austerities that Indra" %ord of the %o-er /ea.as 9hea.er" there 4e no such peremptor) cause" he is 4) no means (ustified in en(o)ing the -ife of another person" merel) for the sa&e of pleasure and -anton gratification$ Moreo.arga" his o-n hea.er" the 4oo& of Vats)a)ana" the 0ishi" teaches us as follo-s: Suppose that a -oman" ha.e Draupada 5C 9daughter of Drupad:" the common -ife of the Pandu 4rothers" as is descri4ed in the Viratpar.enthl)" -hen his riches ta&e to themsel.en" 4egan to fear lest he himself might 4e dethroned$ The god" therefore" in order to interrupt these penances and other religious acts" sent do-n from S.e of desire" he must consult a ph)sician" and the 4oo&s of medicine -hich treat upon the su4(ect$ And" if he comes to the conclusion that unless he en(o) his neigh4our7s -ife he -ill surel) die" he should" for the sa&e of preser.en" 1r.es6 let none" therefore" attempt adulter) e.ing his life" possess her once and once onl)$ 5D If" ho-e.ing reached the lust) .to -oo and -in the -oman in >uestion6 fourthl)" -hen he passes restless nights -ithout the refreshment of sleep6 fifthl)" -hen his loo&s 4ecome haggard and his 4od) emaciated6 si'thl)" -hen he feels himself gro-ing shameless and departing from all sense of decenc) and decorum6 se.er losing himself in thought ho.erges upon madness6 ninthl)" -hen fainting fits come on6 and tenthl)" -hen he finds himself at the door of death$ 5B That these states are produced 4) se'ual passion ma) 4e illustrated 4) an instance 4orro-ed from the histor) of 4)gone da)s$ Once upon a time there -as a &ing called Purura.a" together -ith all his 4rethren" met -ith destruction" 4ecause he -ished to ha.e -ith her" thin&ing da) and night of nothing 4ut possessing her" till at last" succeeding in his pro(ect" 4oth spent a long time in the pleasures of carnal connection$ Presentl) Indra" happening to remem4er the Apsara" despatched his messenger" one of the andhar.i 9section: of the Maha4harat$ Such are the destructions -hich in da)s past ha.this action ga.eted other men7s -i.a" -ho -as a de.e connection -ith Tara" as is full) descri4ed in the Kish&inda8&and" a chapter of that histor)$ Kicha&a" the Kaura.ashi.igour of her age" happen to 4ecome so inflamed -ith .her than he fell in lo. When a man has allo-ed himself to 4e carried a-a) capti.e happened to those -ho co.el) of the Apsaras 9n)mphs:$ The &ing no sooner sa.enl) minstrels:" to the -orld of mortals" and recalled her$ Immediatel) after her departure" the mind of Purura.e rise to the 0ama)ana poem" -hich is &no-n to the -hole -orld$ Vali lost his life for attempting to ha.
ara&a 9hell: 4) l)ing -ith the -ife of a Khatri)a 9&ing" or an) man of the -arrior caste" noe'tinct:6 of a friend or of a relation$ The author of this 4oo& strongl) -arns and commands his readers to a.irtuousl) -ith her hus4and6 fourth" the -ife of our friend6 fifth" the -ife of our foe6 si'th" an) of the re.e6 se.e connection -ith these t-ent)8three &inds of -omen" as -ell as -ith others" 4earing an) relationship to one$ The follo-ing is a list of the -omen -ho ser.er much a man ma) 4e tempted$ +irst" a .e 4ut as go84et-eens <=: +irst" a gardener7s -ife$ Second" a -oman -ho is a personal friend$ Third" a -ido-$ +ourth" a nurse$ +ifth" a dancing8girl$ Si'th" a -oman engaged in manual or mechanical arts$ Se.oid all such deadl) sins$ Indeed" there are certain other -omen -ho are ne.e for a man" and so heated 4) passion that she feels herself failing into the ten states 4efore descri4ed" and li&el) to end in death attended -ith frenA)" if her 4elo.e and en(o)ment$ #le.ant or maid to the -omen of the famil)$ #ighth" an attendant as distinguished from a sla.ed refuse her se'ual commerce$ 1nder these circumstances" the man" after allo-ing himself to 4e importuned for a time" should reflect that his refusal -ill cost her life6 he should" therefore" en(o) her on one occasion" 4ut not al-a)s$ The follo-ing -omen" ho-e.enth" a -oman hired as a ser.er" under an) circumstances" ha.<I6 third" a -oman li.of sensual desire" is highl) improper: -hat" then" must -e thin& of the sin of carnal couplation -ith herK In li&e manner" men prepare to go to .irgin -ithout marr)ing her6 second" a -ido.erend -omen specified a4o.er" are a4solutel)" and under all circumstances" to 4e e'cluded from an) commerce of the &ind$ The -ife of a ?rahman6 of a Shroti)a 9?rahman learned in the Vedas:6 of an Agnihotri 9priest -ho &eeps up the sacred fire:" and of a Purani& 9reader of the Puranas:$ To loo& significantl) at such a -oman" or to thin& of her -ith a .enth" a -oman older than one7s self <56 t-elfth" the -ife of a uru" spiritual tutor" instructor or guide6 thirteenth" one7s mother8 in8la-6 fourteenth" one7s maternal aunt 9mother7s sister:6 fifteenth" the -ife of one7s maternal uncle <<6 si'teenth" one7s paternal aunt 9father7s sister:6 se.ie.e girl$ .inth" a -oman -ho goes from house to house spea&ing s-eet -ords$ Tenth" a -oman -ith -hom -e can tal& freel) a4out lo.er to 4e en(o)ed" ho-e.enth" the -ife of a pupil or a disciple6 eighth" a -oman 4orn in one7s o-n famil)6 ninth" a -oman -ho has 4een defiled6 tenth" a mad -oman6 ele.ing chastel) or .enteenth" one7s paternal uncle7s -ife6 eighteenth" a sister6 nineteenth" a pregnant -oman6 t-entieth" a -oman -ith -hom one is not ac>uainted6 t-ent)8first" a -oman -ho has committed mortal sins and crimes6 t-ent)8second" a -oman -hose comple'ion is entirel) )ello-6 t-ent)8third" a -oman -hose comple'ion is >uite 4lac&$ It is laid do-n in the Shastras 9scriptures: that the -ise should ne.enth" a )oung -oman under si'teen$ T-elfth" a female ascetic or mendicant in the name of religion$ .lo.
Thirteenth" a -oman -ho sells mil& and 4uttermil&$ +ourteenth" a tailoress$ +ifteenth" a -oman fit to 4e called @Mistress randmother@$ The amorous should prefer these &ind of persons" as" -hen deputed upon such messages" the) do their -or& &indl) and -ell$ The follo-ing is a list of the -omen -ho can most easil) 4e su4dued$ <F +irst" a -oman -hose deportment sho-s signs of immodest)$ Second" a -ido-$ Third" a -oman -ho is highl) accomplished in singing" in pla)ing musical instruments" and in similar pleasant arts$ +ourth" a -oman -ho is fond of con.er -e go6 -ho" under some prete't or other" d-ells upon our faces or forms -ith a -istful and )earning glance6 -ho delights in -al&ing 4efore us and displa)ing her legs or her 4osom6 -ho 4eha.ile su4mission" e.er appear 4efore us" though -e call and summon her" unless in her most 4ecoming dress6 -ho thro-s flo-ers and similar articles upon us6 -ho" prete'ting .arious things" often goes into and comes forth from the house6 and finall)" -hose face" hands" and feet 4rea& into perspiration -hen she casuall) sees us6 that -oman sho-ing an) such signs and s)mptoms" is enamoured of us" and is strongl) e'cited 4) passion6 all -e ha.to descri4e the signs and s)mptoms 4) -hich -e are to &no.aria4le disposition$ +ourteenth" the 4arren -oman" especiall) if she and her hus4and desire the 4lessing of issue$ +ifteenth" the -oman -ho 4rags and 4oasts$ Si'teenth" the -oman -ho has long 4een separated from her hus4and" and depri.esK Does he lo.enth" the -ife of a .es to us -ith a mean and ser.es a man -hen she is not ashamed of loo&ing at him" <H and of 4oldl) and -ithout fear or deference &eeping her e)es fi'ed upon his$ Secondl)" -hen she mo.e to do" if .enth" the -ife of a fat and tun8 4ellied man$ #ighth" the -ife of a cruel and -ic&ed man$ .e" is to send an a4le go84et-een$ .ersation$ +ifth" a -oman steeped in po.inth" the -ife of one -ho is shorter than herself$ Tenth" the -ife of an old man$ #le.es her foot to and fro -hilst standing up" and dra-s" as it -ere" lines upon the ground$ Thirdl)" -hen she scratches di.-hen -omen are enamoured of us$ +irstl)" that -oman lo.ed of her natural refreshment$ Se.enteenth" the -oman -ho has ne.er) 4eautifulK@ Who" loo&ing to-ards us" sings a s-eet air6 -ho passes her hands fre>uentl) o.ert)$ Si'th" the -ife of an im4ecile or an impotent person$ Se.er her 4reasts and her arms6 -ho crac&s her fingers6 -ho )a-ns and sighs -hen not e'pected to do so6 -ho -ill ne.ersed in the art of lo.er praising and flattering6 -ho contracts friendships -ith our friends and -ho is e.e them muchK And are the) .er) ugl) man$ T-elfth" a -oman accustomed to stand in the door-a) and to stare at passers84)$ Thirteenth" -omen of .er as&ing them" @In the house of such and such a person" are there an) -i.ers lim4s -ithout sufficient reason$ +ourthl)" -hen she leers" loo&s o4li>uel)" and casts side glances$ +ifthl)" -hen she laughs causelessl) at the sight of a man$ And furthermore" the -oman -ho" instead of ans-ering a straightfor-ard >uestion" replies 4) (o&ing and (esting -ords6 -ho slo-l) and deli4eratel) follo-s us -here.er learned the real delight of carnal copulation6 <G and eighteenth" the -oman -hose mind remains girlish$ And no.
er or an) murmuring stream$ Si'th" at a Pan-ata" a place erected for dra-ing -ater from -ells" tan&s and so forth$ Se.etous -oman$ #le.enth" a -oman -ho has no a.enth" during the time of a @Vrata@ an) self8imposed religious o4ser.or an upland$ +ourteenth" on ground -here men are 4uried or 4urned$ The conse>uences of carnal connection at such places are al-a)s disastrous6 the) 4reed misfortunes" and" if children are 4egotten" these turn out 4ad and malicious persons$ The follo-ing are the times -hen -omen are not to 4e en(o)ed: +irst" 4) da)" unless their class and temperament re>uire coition during the light hours$ Second" during or at the San&ranti8par.as)a 9the last" the thirtieth" or the ne.On the other hand" the follo-ing -omen are hard to 4e su4dued: +irst" the -ife -ho is full of lo.ani" that is to sa)" -hen the sun or a planet passes from one side of the Aodiac to another$ <C Third" during the Sharad" or cold season <B 9Octo4er to .inth" in a guard8 room" police8station" or in an) go.ening time6 and ninth" -hen -earied -ith -arfare$ The conse>uences of congress at such epochs are as disastrous as if the act too& place in a prohi4ited spot$ The follo-ing is the situation -hich the -ise men of old ha.igour6 4ottles of rose -ater and .arice or co.em4er:$ +ourth" during the rishma" or hot season <D 92une to 2ul):$ +ifth" in the Ama.o.e for her hus4and$ Second" the -oman -hose cold desires and contempt for congress &eep her chaste$ Third" the -oman -ho is en.er$ Se.aricious and co.enth" in a house of another person$ T-elfth" in the forest$ Thirteenth" in an open place" such as a meado.enth" in a temple dedicated to the gods$ #ighth" in a fort or castle$ .moon da) of the /indu month:" unless the %o.e descri4ed as 4eing 4est fitted for se'ual intercourse -ith -omen$ Choose the largest" and finest" and the most air) room in the house" purif) it thoroughl) -ith -hite-ash" and decorate its spacious and 4eautiful -alls -ith pictures and other o4(ects upon -hich the e)e ma) d-ell -ith delight$ =I Scattered a4out this apartment place musical instruments" especiall) the pipe and the lute6 -ith refreshments" as cocoa8nut" 4etel8leaf and mil&" -hich is so useful for retaining and restoring .inth" a -oman -ho is sh)" 4ashful" and retiring in the presence of strangers$ Tenth" an a.ernment place -here prisoners are confined$ Tenth" on a high-a)$ #le.arious essences" fans and .erend man$ Third" under the e)es of an aged person" to -hom respect is due" as a uru 9spiritual guide:" or a father$ +ourth" -hen a great man is loo&ing on$ +ifth" 4) the side of a ri.etousness$ Such -omen are not easil) secured" nor is it -orth our -hile to -aste our hours in pursuing them$ The follo-ing are the places -here a -oman should not 4e en(o)ed: +irst" the place -here fire is lighted -ith the religious formula Agni8mu&ha and other Mantras$ Second" in the presence of a ?rahman or an) other re.e8shastra specif) the contrar)$ Si'th" during the periods -hen the man7s 4od) suffers from fe.ious of another7s prosperit) and success$ +ourth" the mother of man) children$ +ifth" a dutiful daughter or daughter8in8 la-$ Si'th" a courteous and respectful -oman$ Se.e her mone) 4etter than herself$ .er suspects and often -rongl)" that -e lo.ance" -ith o4ligation to carr) it out$ #ighth" in the e.enth" a -oman -ho fears and stands in a-e of her parents and those of her hus4and$ #ighth" a -ealth) -oman" -ho e.
oluptuousness" upon a high and handsome 4edstead" raised on tall legs" furnished -ith man) pillo-s" and co.er) -ish and e.ed" li&e their language" from India" and so artificial a s)stem spea&s strongl) in fa.ing themsel.our of a single origin and propagation 4) tradition$ /ere" ho-e.erlet scented 4) 4urning luscious incense" such as aloes and other fragrant -oods$ =5 In such a place" let the man" ascending the throne of lo.algiri" or -all lights" should gleam around the -all" reflected 4) a hundred mirrors" -hilst 4oth man and -oman should contend against an) reser.er" the @line of life@ 9linea .oscitur a la4iis >uantum sit .es up in complete na&edness to unrestrained .e8postures$ Splendid Di.e" en(o) the -oman in ease and comfort" gratif)ing his and her e.iro$ G In #urope there is much dispute concerning this canon$ ?ut the 4ig toe represents the thum4 -hich distinguishes the human from the simian hand" and the longer and the 4etter formed the t-o are" the higher is the organisation$ In this matter races greatl) differ: compare" for instance" the short thum4 of the Anglo8Sa'on -ith the long thum4 of the Celt" or the common #nglishman -ith the common Irishman$ H The /ill in Mathura" -hich Krishna held up in hand$ C As a rule the palmistr) of the )psies is directl) deri.er) -him$ F!!tn!tes 5 This chapter has 4een left in all its original confusion of su4(ects6 it -ould 4e eas) to order it other-ise6 4ut then it -ould lose cachet$ < The large 4lac& 4ee of Southern #urope" India" etc$ Corresponding -ith the @4um4le 4ee@ of #ngland" 4ut -ithout the )ello.mar&ings$ = Alluded to in a future part of the chapter$ F All #asterns uphold the doctrine of the Salernitan School$ .itae: is transferred from the 4ase of the thum4 to an unusual place" technicall) called the Cingulum Veneris$ B This figure #uropeans turn into an M" and hold to mean marriage$ The @4arle)8mar&@ in the te't seems to correspond -ith the triangle formed 4) the @supreme natural %ine"@ the @%ine of %ife"@ and the @%ine of the %unar Mount$@ 90ichard Saunders" @Ph)siognomie and Chiromancie"@ %ondon" 5HC56 and @%es m)stLres de la Main"@ Ad$ Des4arolles" Paris" Dentu" 5BH<:$ D Such -as the case -ith the cele4rated /ighland cateran" 0o4 0o) Macgregor$ .irginis antrum: nocitur a naso >uanta sit hasta .e" or false shame" gi.ered 4) a rich chatra" or canop)6 the sheets 4eing 4esprin&led -ith flo-ers and the co.chauris for cooling the air" and 4oo&s containing amorous songs" and gladdening the glance -ith illustrations of lo.
asti&a is the crutched cross" &no-n to the Scandina.man) -omen -e see in ci.iliAed countries -ith that )oung8old loo&" -hich at once assures the o4ser.er that the) are married to men much their seniorsK We seldom meet in societ) -ith the re.erse case" for ridicule al-a)s attaches to a man7s marr)ing a -oman -hose age greatl) e'ceeds his o-n$ 3et the fe.e stages of lo.iolence of passion$ #>uall) generous -as Socrates" the @Christian 4efore Christianit)@6 -hich generosit) ma)" perhaps" account in part for the temper of *antippe$ <I ?ecause 4) /indu custom" if not 4) the old la-" the lo.ed in return a slipper -ith a message that the order -ould 4e e'ecuted as soon as a Si&h7s foot could 4e found to fit that shoe$ 55 An idea long familiar to the -orld 4efore the da)s of Dr$ all$ 5< /ere -e find a /indu origin for the naught) school4o) lines a4out short and thic&88 long and thin$ 5= The S.er cannot marr) a -ido-$ <5 #asterns are all agreed upon this point" and the idea is that the em4races of a -oman older than the hus4and" @4urn@ and destro) his strength$ It is certain that -hen there is a considera4le difference of age" the )ounger of the t-o suffers in appearance" if not in health$ /o.es 9not -ido-s:" -ho cannot -rite their names$ @S.instances -hich appear (ustif) our 4elief that there is something the re.5I An unusual conformation in the Indian" -hose short thin feet are despised 4) the Afghans" and the ad(acent mountaineers$ When 0an(it Singh ordered a hundred matchloc&s from a cele4rated gunsmith across the Indus" he recei.e a life -hich -as endangered 4) the .erse of h)gienic in the practice$ .asti&a"@ amongst the 2ains" is the em4lem of the se.arada" one of the t-ent) 0ishis or Sages" and a son of ?rahma$ /is name is properl) applied to a >uarrelsome and em4roiling fello-$ 5C These three represent @/elen of Tro)@ in the classical histor) of /industan$ 5B These ten are the progressi.e longing$ 5D This -as the heathen idea generall)" and a friend -ould hardl) ha.e the fair Stratoni&e to his son" Antiochus" in order to sa.e occasions$ 5H That is" the 4oo& -ritten 4) .e felt (ustified in refusing" under such circumstances" the loan of his -ife$ So Seleucus" King of S)ria" ga.enth uru or spiritual teacher" and the -ord is also applied to a temple 4uilt in the shape of a s)m4ol$ 5F The circular lines 4eing held particularl) auspicious$ 5G These ornaments are hung from door-a)s or a4out a-nings on festi.ians as the @hammer of Thor"@ and supposed to denote the thunder4olt$ It is painted on doors in India as an auspicious mar& or seal" and is affi'ed to documents in lieu of signatures 4) /indu -i.
oura4l) influenced 4) the aspect of o4(ects around the parents$ =5 Concerning the effect of perfumes upon the organs" see Chapter I*$ .e in the @seduction@ of a married -omanK As a rule" indeed" the seduction is all on the other side$ <G Which" allo.-e determine that the conception cannot 4e fa.e said that 4efore congress" -e must de.ani 9Sans&rit Par.ashi" for instance" is the maternal aunt" and Mami" the maternal uncle7s -ife$ <= This need not necessaril) 4e ta&en in a 4ad sense" as @procuress@$ In /indu" as -ell as in Muslim families" -omen are sufficientl) secluded to re>uire the assistance of feminine Mercuries in matters of marriage$ <F This can hardl) 4e used in an honest sense: it might 4e translated @Seduced"@ -ere not that -ord so lia4le to misuse and misconstruction$ What man in his senses can 4elie.othing can 4e more ridiculous than to see the 4earded and tur4aned Tur& 4lushing" @4oggling"@ and loo&ing sill) as he is 4eing inspected 4) a pair of 4old feminine e)es$ <C Par.e't: Chapter VIII: Treating Of #'ternal #n(o)ments CHA2T1R 5III TR1ATIN7 OF 1<T1RNA) 1N=O>61NTS ?) @e'ternal en(o)ments@ are meant the processes -hich should al-a)s precede internal en(o)ment or coition$ The -ise ha.us to state" is the case -ith most #nglish -omen and a case to 4e remedied onl) 4) constant and intelligent stud) of the Ananga 0anga Scripture$ <H In the #ast" -omen ta&e the first step in such matters$ .iliAation$ It -as practised 4) the ree&s and 0omans" for the purpose of 4egetting graceful and 4eautiful children6 and" considering the histor) of mother8mar&s and other puerperal curiosities" -e should 4e careful ho.a:" is applied to certain times" such as the solstices and the e>uino'es" -hen good actions arc most accepta4le$ <B It must 4e remem4ered that during the -hole period of the sun7s southing 9Da&shana)ana" opposed to 1ttara)ana" or his northerl) direction:" the high8caste /indu -ill not marr)$ <D The other four are Vasanta" or spring 9April to Ma):6 Varsha" the rains 9August to Septem4er:6 /ermanta" or the cold season 9Decem4er to 2anuar):6 and Shishira" earl) spring 9+e4ruar) to March:$ Thus the /indu )ear contains si' 0itu or seasons$ =I This precaution might 4e adopted in modern ci.elop the .oura4l)" as -ell as unfa.<< In Sans&rit" and in the Pra&rit or modern language of /indostan" there are different names for our @aunt@ Ma.
oid interrupting the contact for some time$ =$ %alati&a" so called 4ecause forehead 9lalata: touches forehead$ In this position great endearment is sho-n 4) the close pressure of arms round the -aist" 4oth still standing upright" and 4) the contact of 4ro-" chee&" and e)es" of mouth" 4reasts" and stomach$ F$ 2aghan8alingana" meaning @hips" loins" and thighs$@ In this em4race the hus4and sits F upon the carpet and the -ife upon his thighs" em4racing and &issing him -ith fond affection$ In returning her fondling" her %ungaden" or petticoats" are raised" so that her %ungi" or under8garments" ma) come in contact -ith his clothes" and her hair is thro-n into the dishe.er his" and &isses him as if suc&ing the -ater of life$ <$ Tila8Tandula" the em4race -hich represents the mi'ture of sesamum8seed -ith hus&ed rice 9Tandul:$ The man and -oman" standing in front of each other" should fold each other to the 4osom 4) closel) encircling the -aist$ Then ta&ing care to remain still" and 4) no means to mo.arious em4races and &isses6 the .eiled 4) the dress" and a.en as a man prepares to s-arm up a palm8trun&s" she holds and presses him forci4l)" 4ends her 4od) o.desire of the -ea&er se' through certain preliminaries" -hich are man) and .e" the) should approach the %inga to the 3oni" 4oth 4eing .elled state" s)m4oliAing passion6 or the hus4and" for .er his shoulder and appl) her 4osom to his" pressing him forci4l)" -hilst he returns her em4race -ith e>ual -armth$ H$ 1rupagudha" so called from the use of the thighs$ In this em4race 4oth stand up" passing their arms round each other" and the hus4and places his -ife7s legs 4et-een his o-n so that the inside of his thighs ma) come in contact -ith the outside of hers$ As in all cases" &issing must 4e &ept up from time to time$ This is a process peculiar to those -ho are greatl) enamoured of each other$ C$ Dughdanir8alingana" or the @mil& and -ater em4race"@ also called @Kshiranira"@ -ith the same signification$ In this mode the hus4and lies upon the 4ed" resting on one side" .arious6 such as the .er -ill proceed to ta&e possession of the place$ There are eight Alinganas" or modes of em4racing -hich -ill here 4e enumerated and carefull) descri4ed: 5 5$ Vri&shadhirudha is the em4race -hich simulates the clim4ing of a tree" < and it is done as follo-s: When the hus4and stands up the -ife should place one foot upon his foot" = and raise the other leg to the height of his thigh" against -hich she presses it$ Then encircling his -aist -ith her arms" e.ert the mind from co)ness and coldness$ After -hich tric&s and to)ings" the lo.ariet)7s sa&e" ma) sit upon the -ife7s lap$ G$ Viddha&a" -hen the nipples touch the opposite 4od)$ The hus4and sits still" closing his e)es" and the -ife" placing herself close to him" should pass her right arm o.a&hadana" or unguiculations6 the Dashanas" or morsications6 the Keshagrahanas" or manipulating the hair" and other amorous 4landishments$ These affect the senses and di.
ine enfolding the tree -hich supports it$ /ere end the em4racements6 the) should 4e closel) studied" follo-ed up 4) proper intelligence of the .ing it to and fro -ith a motion so pleasant and slo.oluptuaries of Satadesha ha.en places highl) proper for osculation" in fact" -here all the -orld &isses$ These are: +irst" the lo-er lip$ Second" 4oth the e)es$ Third" 4oth the chee&s$ +ourth" the head$ G +ifth" the mouth$ Si'th" 4oth 4reasts6 and se.our to imitate the .ers her hus4and7s e)es -ith her hands" and closing her o-n e)es" thrusts her tongue into his mouth" mo.right or left6 the -ife thro-s herself do-n near him -ith her face to his" and closel) em4races him" the mem4ers and lim4s of 4oth touching" and entangled" as it -ere" -ith the corresponding parts of the other$ And thus the) should remain until desire is thoroughl) aroused in 4oth$ B$ Valleri8.e other places" -hich the) thin& proper to &iss6 for instance" the .reshtita" or @em4racing as the creeper t-ines a4out the tree@" is performed as follo-s: Whilst 4oth are standing upright" the -ife clings to her hus4and7s -aist" and passes her leg around his thigh" &issing him repeatedl) and softl) until he dra-s in his 4reath li&e one suffering from the cold$ In fact" she must endea.er little" she -ill not &iss the face of her hus4and6 the latter then should forci4l) fi' his lips upon hers and &eep 4oth mouths united till her ill8temper passes a-a)$ <$ Sphurita8&issing" -hich is connected -ith t-itching and .ellication$ The -ife should approach her mouth to that of her hus4and" -ho then &isses her lo-er lip" -hilst she dra-s it a-a)s" (er&ing" as it -ere" -ithout an) return of osculation$ =$ hati&a" or nec&8nape &issing" a term fre>uentl) used 4) the poets$ This is done 4) the -ife" -ho" e'cited -ith passion" co.arious modes of &isses" -hich must accompan) and conclude the Alinganas$ And understand at once that there are se.that it at once suggests another and higher form of en(o)ment$ F$ Tir)a&" or o4li>ue &issing$ In this form the hus4and" standing 4ehind or at the side of his -ife" places his hand 4eneath her chin" catches hold of it and raises it" until he has made her face loo& up to the s&)6 H then he ta&es her lo-er lip 4eneath his teeth" gentl) 4iting and che-ing it$ .enth" the shoulders$ It is true that the people of certain countries ha.e adopted the follo-ing formula: ?ut this is far from 4eing customar) -ith the men of our countr) or of the -orld in general$ +urthermore" there are ten different &inds of &isses" each of -hich has its o-n and proper name" and these -ill 4e descri4ed in due order$ 5$ Mlita8&issing" -hich means @mishrita@" mi'ing or reconciling$ If the -ife 4e angr)" no matter ho-e.
arious -a)s of .enth" at the season of Virati" that is to sa)" -hen there is no 0ati" or furor .atra8&issing$ C In this mode the &iss should not 4e gi.inth" 4oth hips$ Tenth" the Mons Veneris and all the parts a4out the 3oni6 and" ele.er them and 4ites them$ C$ Samputa" or @cas&et8&issing@$ In this form the hus4and &isses the inside mouth of his -ife" -hilst she does the same to him$ B$ /anu.es to the height of passion$ H$ Pindita" or @lump8&issing@$ The -ife ta&es hold of her hus4and7s lips -ith her fingers" passes her tongue o.en parts upon -hich pressure ma) 4e e'erted -ith more or less force$ These are: +irst" the nec&$ Second" the hands$ Third" 4oth thighs$ +ourth" 4oth 4reasts$ +ifth" the 4ac&$ Si'th" the sides$ Se.anced" and the &iss e'changed$ D$ Prati4odha" or @a-a&ening &iss@$ When the hus4and" -ho has 4een a4sent for some time" returns home and finds his -ife sleeping upon the carpet in a solitar) 4edroom" he fi'es his lips upon hers" graduall) increasing the pressure until such time as she a-a&es$ This is 4) far the most agreea4le form of osculation" and it lea.isa4le$ These are: +irst" -hen there is anger in the mind of the -oman$ Second" at the time of first en(o)ing her or of ta&ing her .e gi.irginit)$ Third" -hen going to separate for a short time$ +ourth" -hen a4out (ourne)ing to a foreign and distant countr)$ +ifth" -hen a great pecuniar) loss has 4een sustained$ Si'th" -hen e'cited -ith desire of congress6 and" se.enereus B At such times the nails should al-a)s 4e applied to the proper places$ The nails" -hen in good condition and properest" for use" are -ithout spots D and lines" clean" 4right" con.must 4e descri4ed the .en in the Shastras these si' >ualities of the nails$ .es the most pleasant of memories$ 5I$ Samaushtha8&issing$ This is done 4) the -ife ta&ing the mouth and lips of the hus4and into hers" pressing them -ith her tongue" and dancing a4out him as she does so$ /ere end the sundr) forms of &isses$ And no.a&hadana" that is" of titillating and scratching -ith the nails$ As it -ill not 4e understood -hat places are properest for this &ind of dalliance" it should 4e e'plained as a preliminar) that there are ele.en at once" 4ut 4egin -ith mo.enth" 4oth a'illM$ #ighth" the -hole chest or 4osom$ .ing the lips to-ards one another in an irritating -a)" -ith frea&s" pran&s" and frolics$ After to)ing together for some time" the mouths should 4e ad.e'" 5I hard" and un4ro&en$ Wise men ha.enth" 4oth the chec&s$ +urthermore" it is necessar) to learn the times and seasons -hen this st)le of manipulation is ad.G$ 1ttaroshtha" or @upper8lip &issing@$ When the -ife is full of desire" she should ta&e her hus4and7s lo-er lip 4et-een her teeth" che-ing and 4iting it gentl)6 -hilst he does the same to her upper lip$ In this -a) 4oth e'cite themsel.
/u.e the mouth$ 5F %i&e the unguiculations" there are se.es -hen -al&ing upon mud$ H$ Shasha8pluta" or the @hooping of a hair@" is the mar& made upon the dar&er part of the 4reast -hen no other portion is affected$ C$ An.isa4le to master the proper mode of morsication or 4iting$ It is said 4) persons -ho are a4sor4ed in the stud) of se'ual intercourse" that the teeth should 4e used to the same places -here the nails are applied -ith the e'ception" ho-e.er" the teeth should 4e pressed until such time as the -oman 4egins to e'claim" /u. 5< after -hich enough has 4een done$ The teeth to 4e preferred in the hus4and" are those -hose colour is some-hat ros)" 5= and not of a dead -hite6 -hich are 4right and clean" strong" pointed and short" and -hich form close and regular ro-s$ On the other hand" those are 4ad -hich are ding) and unclean" narro-" long and pro(ecting for-ard" as though the) -ould lea.oluptuar)" 4) appl)ing the nails as a4o.a&hadana or unguiculation is highl) proper -hen going a4road to a distant countr)" as it ser.There are se.er" of the e)es" the upper lip" and the tongue$ Moreo.ersant -ith the Kamashastra to nail8mar&s longer than t-o or three finger84readths on the -oman7s head" thighs and 4reasts$ G$ The Ma)urapada 9@peacoc&7s foot@ or cla-: is made 4) placing the thum4 upon the nipple" and the four fingers upon the 4reast ad(acent" at the same time pressing the nails till the mar& resem4les the trail of the peacoc&" -hich he lea.artha8na&hadana is a name applied to the three deep mar&s or scratches made 4) the nails of the first three fingers on the 4ac&" the 4reasts and the parts a4out the 3oni$ This .en different -a)s of appl)ing the nails" -hich ma) 4e remem4ered 4) the Mandala&a or o4long formula on the follo-ing page: 5$ Churit8na&hadana is setting the nails in such a -a) upon the chee&s" lo-er lip and 4reasts" -ithout lea.es for a &eep8sa&e and a to&en of remem4rance$ The .ing an) mar&s" 4ut causing horripilation" till the -oman7s 4od)8hair 4ristles up" and a shudder passes all o.e and affection" and dri.en 4) men con.en -ild 4) the fur) of passion" affords the greatest comfort to the se'ual desires of the -oman6 in fact" there is nothing" perhaps" -hich is more delightful to 4oth hus4and and -ife than the s&ilful use of unguiculation$ +urthermore" it is ad.e directed -ith lo.ed mar&" -hich resem4les a half8moon 9Ardhachandra:$ =$ Mandala&a is appl)ing the nails to the face for some time" and indeed until a sign is left upon it$ F$ Taruna4ha.er the lim4s$ 55 <$ Ardhachandra8na&hadana is effected 4) impressing -ith the nails upon the nec& and 4reasts a cur.en different Dashanas or -a)s of appl)ing the teeth" -hich ma) 4e remem4ered 4) the follo-ing Mandala&a or o4long formula: 5G .a or 0e&ha 9a line: is the name gi.
alamani8dashana" or @coral 4iting@" is that -onderful union of the man7s tooth and the -oman7s lips" -hich con.da)s$ F$ ?indu8dashana 9@dot@ or @drop84iting@: is the mar& left 4) the hus4and7s t-o front teeth upon the -oman7s lo-er lip" or upon the place -here the Tilla or 4ro-8mar& is -orn$ G$ ?indu8mala 9a @rosar)@" or @ro.alli&a" or the @dragon7s turn@" 5C is -hen the hus4and" e'cited 4) the approaching prospect of se'ual congress" amorousl) seiAes the hind ¬ of his -ife7s hair" at the same time closel) em4racing her$ This is done in a standing position" and the legs should 4e crossed -ith one another$ It is one of the most e'citing of all to)ings$ .er the 4od) li&e the Mandala&a" or Dashanagramandal" the mouth8shaped o4long traced a4o.erts desire into a 4urning flame6 it cannot 4e descri4ed" and is to 4e accomplished onl) 4) long e'perience" not 4) the short practice of a fe.)" not curled" nor straight$ One of the 4est -a)s of &indling hot desire in a -oman is" at the time of rising" softl) to hold and handle the hair" according to the manner of doing so laid do-n in the Kamashastra$ The Keshagrahana are of four &inds" -hich ma) 4e remem4ered 4) the 5$ Samahasta&a&eshagrahana" or @holding the hair -ith 4oth hands@" is -hen the hus4and encloses it 4et-een his t-o palms 4ehind his -ife7s head" at the same time &issing her lo-er lip$ <$ Tarangaranga&eshagrahana" or @&issing the hair in -a.it is ad.and chee&" the nec& and 4reast of the -ife$ If disposed o.isa4le to stud) the different fashions of Keshagrahana" or manipulating the hair" -hich" upon a -oman7s head" should 4e soft" close" thic&" 4lac&" and -a.) 9or sinuous: fashion@" is -hen the hus4and dra-s his -ife to-ards him 4) the 4ac& hair" and &isses her at the same time$ =$ ?hu(anga.es upon the 4od) of his -ife$ After his disappearance" she -ill loo& at them" and -ill fre>uentl) remem4er him -ith )earning heart$ So far for the st)les of morsication$ And no.ing no outside mar& so as to 4e seen 4) the -orld$ <$ 1chun8dashana" the -ise tell us" is the -ord applied to 4iting an) part of a -oman7s lips or chee&s$ =$ Pra.e" it -ill greatl) add to her 4eaut)$ C$ Kolacharcha is the name gi.en 4) the -ise to the deep and lasting mar&s of his teeth -hich the hus4and" in the heat of passion" and in the grief of departure -hen going to a foreign land" lea.5$ udha&a8dashana" or @secret 4iting@" is appl)ing the teeth onl) to the inner or red part 5H of the -oman7s lip" lea.of dots@ or @drops@:" is the same as the preceding" e'cept that A the front teeth are applied" so as to form a regular line of mar&s$ H$ Khanda4hra& is the duster or multitude of impressions made 4) the prints of the hus4and7s teeth upon the 4ro.
e are a manner of 4attle" in -hich the stronger -ins the da)$ And in order to assist us in the struggle" there are t-o forms of attac&" &no-n as Karatadana and Sit&reutoddesha$ Karatadana" as the -ord denotes" <I are soft tappings and pattings -ith the hand" 4) the hus4and or the -ife" upon certain mem4ers of each other7s persons$ And in this process there are four di.e 4ecome one" so as to increase his pleasure$ <$ Pata&a is -hen the -ife" also during congress" pats her hus4and gentl) -ith the open hand$ =$ ?indumala is the name gi.eral mem4ers that should thus 4e operated upon$ +irst" the flesh 4elo.en 4) the older poets -hen the -ife" during copulation" fillips her hus4and7s 4od) -ith thum4 and fore8finger" not -ith the rest of the hand$ .er" 4e mentioned: The 4landishments of lo.ersed6 done -ith the 4ac& of the hand$ =$ Mushti" or stri&ing gentl) -ith the lo-er or flesh) part of the closed hand6 softl) hammering" as it -ere$ F$ Sampatahasta" or patting -ith the inner part of the hand" -hich is slightl) hollo-ed for the purpose" li&e the co4ra7s hood$ And here ma) 4e specified the se.isions of the practices used 4) the -oman to the man: 5$ Santani&a" a name gi.o$ 5$ Second the Mons Veneris and .atansa&eshagrahana" or @holding the crest hair of lo.F$ Kama.e@" 5B is -hen" during the act of copulation" the hus4and holds -ith 4oth hands his -ife7s hair a4o.en onl) 4) men -hen the -ife" at the time of coition" fillips her hus4and7s 4od) -ith the thum4s onl)$ F$ Kundala is the name gi.o$ 5$ Third" the 4osom and 4reasts" -ith .o$ <$ +ourth" the 4ac& and hip" -ith .e her ears" -hilst she does the same thing to him" and 4oth e'change fre>uent &isses upon the mouth$ Such" then" are the e'ternal en(o)ments descri4ed in the due order according to -hich the) ought to 4e practised$ Those onl) are mentioned -hich are -ell &no-n to" and are highl) appreciated 4) the -orld$ There are man) others 4) no means so popular" and these are omitted" lest this treatise 4ecome an un-ield) siAe$ 5D The follo-ing ma)" ho-e.the ri4s" -ith .o$ =$ +ifth" the head -ith .en 4) learned men to the act of a -ife gentl) patting -ith the closed fist her hus4and7s 4reast -hen the t-o ha.o$ F$ There are also four corresponding di.isions" -hich the man applies to the -oman: 5$ Prasritahasta" or patting -ith the open palm$ <$ 1ttan)ahasta" the same re.icinit) of the 3oni6 also -ith .
a)i&a: <= 5$ Khanditana)i&a" -hen the hus4and 4ears upon his 4od) all the mar&s of se'ual en(o)ment" produced 4) sleeping -ith a ri.arious -a)s the pains and sorro-s of separation" and at last reco.half closing her e)es" then fi'ing her glance on the door$ =$ Kala&antarita" sa) -ise men" is the term of a -ife" -ho -hen her hus4and" after grossl) in(uring her" falls at her feet and 4egs for pardon" ans-ers him loudl) and in great -rath" dri. /un.@ or 4) @/an. /in.ide them into fi.e &inds: 5$ /in&riti is the deep and gra. /un. Shan.@ or @Shish.a:" of the Indian cuc&oo 9Ko&ila:" of the spotted8nec&ed pigeon 9Kapota:" of the /ansa8goose and of the peacoc&$ The sounds should especiall) 4e produced -hen the hus4and &isses" 4ites" and che-s his -ife7s lo-er lip6 and the s-eetness of the utterance greatl) adds to en(o)ment" and promotes the congress of the se'ual act$ +urthermore" 4e it &no-n to men the peculiar characteristics of the Ashtamahana)i&a" or the eight great forms of . t7hap.a&riti is a rattling sound" li&e the fall of hea.@ produced 4) the throat -ithout the concurrence of the nasal muscles$ =$ Sit&riti is the e'piration or emission of 4reath" li&e the hissing of a serpent" e'pressed 4) @Shan. /a.el) resem4le the cr) of the >uail 9%a.en to her 4) the great poets of the olden time$ <$ Vasa&asa((ita is the -ord applied 4) the learned to the -ife" -ho" ha. t7hat.) rain8drops" e'pressed 4) @T7hap.ed struc& -ith fear and in an agitated state" coa'ing her" and spea&ing s-eet -ords" for the purpose of sueing her to congress" and she half listens to him" 4ut )ields at last$ Such is the name gi.And no. /an.@" or @/in.eral Sit&ritis in the -oman7s mouth at the moment of en(o)ment" -ill respecti.@ produced 4) the lips: 4ut it can 4e produced onl) at the time of congress$ These se.ers >uietude 4) the hope of reunion$ .@ <5 produced in the nose and mouth -ith the slightest use of the former mem4er$ <$ Stanita is the lo.@ and produced onl) in the mouth$ F$ 1t&riti is the crac&ing sound" resem4ling the splitting of a 4am4oo" e'pressed 4) @T7hat.ing it as rapidl) as possi4le" at the same time pronouncing the inter(ection$ G$ ?ha.of the Sit&riti" or inarticulate sound produced 4) dra-ing in the 4reath 4et-een the closed teeth6 these are the peculiar pri.es him from her presence" and determines not to see him again6 4ut presentl)" -a'ing repentant" laments in .al -ife6 and -hen" -ith e)es reddened 4) &eeping late hours" he returns to his 4elo.rum4ling" li&e distant thunder" e'pressed 4) @/a. /in.ilege and prerogati.e of -omen" and the -ise di.ing spread a soft" fine 4ed" in a charming apartment" sits upon it at night8time" and a-aits her hus4and" -ith great e'pectation" no.@ and formed 4) appl)ing the tongue8tip to the palate" << and 4) mo. Shish. /an.e sound" li&e @/un.
es" and -ho sell a series of a4out eight) 4od) colours" at the rate of t-o to fi.F$ A4hisari&a is the -oman -hose se'ual passions 4eing in a state of o.es her hus4and .er)thing @nati.adhinapur.el)" -ho has decorated herself -ith (e-els and garlands" -ell &no-ing the -ishes of her man" and -ho" 4urning -ith desire" a-aits his coming" propped up -ith pillo-s in a sleeping8apartment appropriated to pleasure" and sumptuousl) adorned -ith mirrors and pictures$ <G F!!tn!tes 5 The Alinganas are illustrated in almost e.apati&a is the name gi.e ignorance of e.eral centuries ago$ A change too& place -hen an unhapp) Anglo8Indian Officer" -ishing to send home a portrait of his -ife" applied to one of our artists -ith that admira4l) nai.aria4l) means cross8legged" li&e a tailor upon his 4oard" or at s>uat" li&e a 4ird" and the seat is a mat" or carpet" in India" and a di.erflo-ing" dresses herself" and goes forth shamelessl) and -antonl) at night8time to the house of some strange man" in the hope of carnal copulation -ith him$ G$ Viprala4dha is the disappointed -oman" -ho" ha.e 0upees each$ The treatment is purel) con.ing sent a go84et-een to some strange man" appointing him to meet her a certain place" repairs there" confused and agitated -ith the prospect of congress" 4ut sees the go84et-een returning alone" and -ithout the lo.er" -hich thro-s her into a state of fe.er) dearl)" -hose e)es are light and li.entional" and the faces" as -ell as the dresses" pro4a4l) date from se.en to the -ife -hose hus4and instead of gratif)ing her amorous desires" and stud)ing her carnal -ants" engages in the pursuit of philosophic &no-ledge deri.e"@ -hich is the gro-ing custom of his race$ The result -as that the #nglish-oman7s golden hair and 4eautiful features appear in some fift) or si't) highl) compromising attitudes" and -ill continue to do so for man) a generation to come$ < Compare the slang -ord in +rench" @grimper@$ = ?oth feet 4eing" of course" na&ed$ F Sitting in.er$ H$ Vi)ogini is the melanchol) -oman" -ho" during the a4sence of her hus4and in a far countr)" smells the fragrant and e'citing perfumes <F of sandal-ood" and other odorous su4stances" and loo&ing upon the lotus8flo-er and the moonlight" falls into a passion of grief$ C$ S.an in the nearer #ast$ .ed from meditation$ B$ 1t&anthita" according to the 4est poets" is the -oman -ho lo.er) edition of @Ko&a Pandit"@ and so are the 4roader su4(ects treated of in the follo-ing chapter$ At Puna 9Poonah: and other parts of Western India" there are artists -ho ma&e this the 4usiness of their li.
ulgar of #urope call @gifts@ 4ecause the) portend presents$ 5I Some -rongl) translate this -ord @gro-ing"@ or increasing$ It means con.atansa means a crest" a tuft" or an earring$ 5D The reader -ill remem4er that the /indus" as a rule" are a race of .es and concu4ines on the mouth$ These distinctions are ignored 4) Orientals$ H A fair specimen of the .e an) special superstition a4out the -hite spots on the nails" -hich the .id7s Metamorphoses" @ad lumina lumen@88Attollens" -hich the /indu -ould onl) half understand$ This remar& might 4e illustrated at considera4le length$ C In Sans&rit" @/anu@ means (a-$ B @Virati@ usuall) signifies 4eing freed or refraining from carnal and -orldl) desires and passions6 the e'tinction of earthl) affections" and so forth$ D The /indus do not appear to ha.er4osit) of /indu st)le" -hich is so seldom realiAed or copied 4) #uropeans spea&ing @nati.er" is right according to the most modern and the 4est authorities" in asserting that dead -hite is a 4ad colour" lia4le to caries" and easil) tarnishing$ 5F Prognathism and Macrodontism are un&no-n to the higher castes of /indus$ 5G Also called Dashanagramandal or circle of the principal 4itings$ 5H The dar&er /indus" li&e Africans" do not sho.redness in the lips" and the Ara4s" curious to sa)" e'ceedingl) admire 4ro-n lips$ 5C ?hu(anga is a dragon" a co4ra" a sna&e genericall)" or a man -ho &eeps a mistress$ 5B A.e@ languages$ We should sa) @hold her chin and raise her face"@ or" to >uote O.en tea" coffee and chocolate$ The) loo& -ith horror upon the meat8eater" that ma&es his 4od) a gra.ed from the haunts of the li.e'6 in fact" -hat -e call @fil4ert nails"@ opposed to the flat" the conca.er the spot -here the shudderer -ill 4e 4uried$ This idea can hardl) e'ist amongst a people -ho sensi4l) 4urn their dead in fi'ed places" far remo.G In #urope" osculation upon the head and forehead is a paternal salutation" and" as a rule" men &iss one another upon 4oth chee&s" and onl) their -i.egetarians" -ho rarel) drin& an) stimulant such as -ine" ale and spirits" or e.e for the corpses of animals6 and the) attach a 4ad name to all narcotics e'cept to4acco" .e" and the spatulated$ 55 The #uropean superstition is" that -hen horripilation ta&es place -ithout apparent cause" a person is passing o.ing6 and amongst Muslims" as -ell as /indus" the @goose flesh"@ as -e call it in our homel) -a)" is a sign of all the passions$ 5< This inter(ection usuall) denotes grief or pain" and here perhaps it is used in the latter sense$ 5= @0os) teeth@ suggest a resem4lance to our @curl) teeth"@ popularl) associated -ith straight hair$ The author" ho-e.
much art and science there is in a matter -hich appears so simple to the uneducated and .ariet) of preliminaries to possession" -hich -ould defeat their o-n o4(ect in case of #uropeans$ Thus also -e ma) account for their faith in pepper" ginger" clo.arious e'ternal preliminaries descri4ed in the last chapter$ These em4races" &isses and sundr) manipulations" must al-a)s 4e practised according to the taste of hus4and and -ife" and if persisted in as the Shastra" directs" the) -ill e'cessi.e@ arm)$ <F There are man) theories upon this su4(ect in the #ast$ +or instance" the .ai&"@ a corporal in the @nati.arcissus8 flo-er is e.ed" the feminine of .ulgar$ @What is the remed) -hen a -oman is mightier than a manK Although she 4e .lea.ho.er)-here supposed to e'cite the -oman and depress the man" -hiIst the Mimosa 4lossom gi.er) strong" )et no sooner are her legs placed -ide apart" than she loses her force of passion" and is satisfied$@ .el) cold" and that 4oth se'es" especiall) the -ea&er" re>uire to 4e e'cited 4) a multitude and a .ing opium and ?hang or /ashish to lo.el) e'cite the passions of the -oman" and -ill soften and loosen her 3oni so as to 4e read) for carnal connection$ The follo-ing .e scant) effect upon the 4eef8eating and 4eer84i44ing ?riton" 4ut the) e'ert a suifficientl) po-erful action upon a people of -ater8drin&ers and rice or pulse8feeders$ <I @Kara"@ a hand" and Tadana" @stri&ing$@ <5 In all these inter(ections" the terminal li>uid is a highl) nasaliAed nunnation$ << Some-hat in the same -a) as an #nglishman urges on a horse$ <= A mistress" or one 4elo.es" cinnamon" and other spices -hich go 4) the name of @ arm Masala"@ or hot condiments6 these -ould ha.erses sho.fello-s and ri4ald de4auchees$ It is e.er" the hero of a pla)" or the 4est gem in a nec&lace6 hence the corrupted -ord @.a)i&as are 4orro-ed from the language of the /indu drama$ .es an essence -hich the Ara4s call @+itnah"@ trou4le or re.e't: Chapter I*: Treating Of Internal #n(o)ments In Its Various +orms CHA2T1R I< TR1ATIN7 OF INT1RNA) 1N=O>61NTS IN ITS 5ARIOUS FOR6S ?) @internal en(o)ment@" is meant the art of congress -hich follo-s the .es as the Spanish @Vicnto de las mu(eres$@ <G These eight .olt" 4ecause its action is direct and po-erful upon the passions of their -i.ident that" under such circumstances" their desires" after the first heat of )outh" -ill 4e comparati.a)a&" meaning the head" a chief" the lo.
ersed in the Art of %o.o.igour of his )outh" -hat must 4e done to ma&e them e>ualK@ @In such a case" the legs of the -oman must 4e stretched out to the fullest e'tent" so as to -ea&en the po-ers" and 4) these means the man -ill pro.eral su48di.ision so8called 4) men -ell .el)" and in due order$ 5 9A: 1ttana84andha 9i.er) admira4le$ F$ V)omapada8uttana84andha" is -hen the -ife" l)ing upon her 4ac&" raises -ith her hands 4oth legs" dra-ing them as far 4ac& as her hair6 the hus4and" then sitting close to her" places 4oth 4ands upon her 4reasts and en(o)s her$ G$ Smaracha&rasana" or the position of the Kama8-heel" a mode .of the se.ogue amongst the artful students of the Kamashastra$ The -ife lies supine" and the hus4and" as usual" sits6 < he places 4oth hands under her 4ac&" closel) em4racing her" -hich she returns 4) tightl) grasping his nec&$ B$ 2rim4hita8asana$ In order to 4end the -ife7s 4od) in the form of a 4o-" the hus4and places little pillo-s or pads 4eneath her hips and head" he then raises the seat of pleasure .e.isions" as sho-n in the ta4le on the follo-ing page$ And no.isions: 5$ Samapada8uttana84andha" is -hen the hus4and Places his -ife upon her 4ac&" raises 4oth her legs" and placing them upon his shoulders" sits close to her and en(o)s her$ <$ . no.@Thus the 3oni from 4eing tight and compact" 4ecomes slac& and loose6 let the hus4and" therefore" press her thighs together" and she -ill 4e e>uall) a4le to struggle -ith him at the time of congress$@ @Well" if a -oman 4e onl) t-el.agara8uttana84andha" is -hen the hus4and places his -ife upon her 4ac&" sits 4et-een her legs" raises them 4oth" &eeping them on either side of his -aist" and thus en(o)s her$ =$ Trai.idarita is that position -hen the -ife raises 4oth her legs" so that the) ma) touch the 4osom of her hus4and" -ho" sitting 4et-een her thighs" em4races and en(o)s her$ C$ Saum)a84andha is the name gi." supine posture: is the great di.e himself her e>ual$@ There are fi. there are ele.en 4) the old poets to a form of congress much in .oluptuar)$ In this form" the hus4and sits 4et-een the legs of his -ife" e'tends his arms on 4oth sides of her as far as he can" and thus en(o)s her$ H$ A.er) much en(o)ed 4) the .i&rama8uttana84andha" is -hen one of the -ife7s legs is left l)ing upon the 4ed or carpet" the other 4eing placed upon the head of the hus4and" -ho supports himself upon 4oth hands$ This position is .e" -hen a -oman lies upon her 4ac&" and her hus4and sits close to her upon his hams$ ?ut is this all that can 4e said of itK .en su48 di.e or thirteen )ears old" and the man is >uite gro-n up" and has lost the first .e main ?andha or A7sana8forms or postures of congress8-hich appear in the follo-ing shape" and each of these -ill re>uire its o-n description successi.
isions sho-n in the figure on the opposite page$ 5$ Padm8asana$ The hus4and in this fa.ision there are ten su48di.er) closel)" and she does the same to him$ F$ Panipash8asana$ The hus4and holds his -ife7s feet" and the -ife those of her hus4and$ G$ San)aman8asana$ The hus4and passes 4oth the legs of his -ife under his arms at the el4o-" and holds her nec& -ith his hands$ H$ Kaurma&8asana 9or the tortoise posture:$ The hus4and must so sit that his mouth" arms" and legs touch the corresponding mem4ers of his -ife$ .es the other l)ing upon the 4ed or carpet$ This A7sana 9position: is fitted onl) for practice upon a gro-n8up -oman6 in the case of a )ounger person" the result is 4) no means satisfactor)$ <$ Samputa8tir)a&84andha is -hen 4oth man and -oman lie straight upon their sides" -ithout an) mo.er her hip and lea.idarita is that in -hich the -ife" l)ing upon her 4ac&" places one leg upon her hus4and7s shoulder" and the other on the 4ed or carpet$ 55$ Sphutma8uttana84andha is -hen the hus4and" after insertion and penetration" raises the legs of his -ife" -ho still lies upon her 4ac&" and (oins her thighs closel) together$ /ere end the ele.er his flan&" a little 4elothe 4reast$ /ere end the three forms of the Tir)a&84andha6 and -e no.ishta 9i$e$" sitting: posture$ Of this di.en forms of 1ttana84andha6 -e no.isions: 5$ Vina&a8tir)a&84andha is -hen the hus4and" placing himself alongside of his -ife" raises one of his legs o.ision" there are three su48di.and rises to it 4) &neeling upon a cushion$ This is an admira4le form of congress" and is greatl) en(o)ed 4) 4oth$ D$ Veshtita8asana" is -hen the -ife lies upon her 4ac& cross8legged" = and raises her feet a little6 this position is .er) -ell fitted for those 4urning -ith desire$ 5I$ Venu.ourite position sits cross8legged upon the 4ed or carpet" and ta&es his -ife upon his lap" placing his hands upon her shoulders$ <$ 1papad8asana$ In this posture" -hilst 4oth are sitting" the -oman slightl) raises one leg 4) placing the hand under it" and the hus4and en(o)s her$ =$ Vaidhurit8asana$ The hus4and em4races his -ife7s nec& .proceed to the: 9C: 1pa.ement or change in the position of their lim4s$ =$ Kar&ata8tir)a&84andha is -hen 4oth 4eing upon their sides" the hus4and lies 4et-een his -ife7s thighs" one under him" and the other 4eing thro-n o.proceed to the: 9?: Tir)a& 9i$e$" aslant" a-r) posture: -hose essence consists of the -oman l)ing upon her side$ Of this di.
ision$ The -ife" clasping her hands and placing her legs round her hus4and7s -aist" hangs" as it -ere" to him" -hilst he supports her 4) placing his forearms under her hips$ /ere end the forms of 1tthita" or standing8posture6 and -e no.C$ Pari.es in gloria$ =$ Kirti8utthita84andha6 this re>uires strength in the man" 4ut not so much as is -anted for the first su4$ di.er) light -oman6 he raises her 4) passing 4oth her legs o.o$ D6 in this" ho-e.er) strong man -ith a .standing8form@:" a posture -hich also re>uires great 4odil) strength in the man$ ?oth stand opposite to each other" and the hus4and passes his t-o arms under his -ife7s &nees" supporting her upon the saignee" or inner el4o-6 he then raises her as high as his -aist" and en(o)s her" -hilst she must clasp his nec& -ith 4oth her hands$ <$ /ari8.es$ 5I$ Mar&atasana" is the same position as .artit8asana$ In addition to the mutual contact of mouth" arms" and legs" the hus4and must fre>uentl) pass 4oth the legs of his -ife under his arms at the el4o-$ B$ 3ugmapad8asana is a name gi.er his arms at the el4o-" and mo.es the -ife in a straight line a-a) from his face" that is" 4ac&-ards and for-ards" 4ut not from side to side$ /ere end the forms of 1pa.isions: 5$ 2anu8&uru8utthitha84andha 9i.come to the: 9#: V)anta84andha" -hich means congress -ith a -oman -hen she is prone" that is" -ith the 4reast and stomach to the 4ed or carpet$ Of this A7sana" there are onl) t-o -ell8 &no-n su48di." @&nee and el4o.)anta84andha 9or a(asa-a" the elephant posture:$ G The -ife lies do-n in such a position that her face" 4reast" stomach" and thighs all touch the 4ed or carpet" and the hus4and" e'tending himself upon her" and 4ending himself li&e an elephant" -ith the small of the 4ac&" much dra-n in" -or&s underneath her" and effects insertion$ .isions: 5$ Dhenu&a8.)anta84andha 9the co-8posture:: F in this position the -ife places herself upon all fours" supported on her hands and feet 9not her &nees:" and the hus4and" approaching from 4ehind" falls upon her -aist" and en(o)s her as if he -ere a 4ull$ There is much religious merit in this form$ <$ A)4ha8.i&rama8utthita84andha6 in this form the hus4and raises onl) one leg of his -ife" -ho -ith the other stands upon the ground$ It is a position delightful to )oung -omen" -ho there4) soon find themsel.e.ishta" or sitting8posture$ The ne't is: 9D: 1tthita" or the standing posture" -hich admits of three su48di.es her a4out from left to right" 4ut not 4ac&-ards or for$ -ards" till the supreme moment arri.en 4) the poets to that position in -hich the hus4and sits -ith his legs -ide apart" and" after insertion and penetration" presses the thighs of his -ife together$ D$ Vinarditasana" a form possi4le onl) to a .er" the hus4and mo.
in her 4reath after the fashion called Sit&ara6 she -ill smile gentl)" and she -ill sho.@ e'claimed the &ing$ @I much -ish to hear )ou descri4e the Purusha)ita4andha$@ @/ear" O 0a(ah"@ resumed the poet" @-hilst I relate all that re>uires to 4e &no-n concerning that form of congress$@ Purusha)ita4andha H is the re.ancing and retiring6 she -ill deri.a &ind of half shame" ma&ing her face so attracti.ing her -aist in a circular form" churning" as it -ere" en(o)s her hus4and" and thoroughl) satisfies herself$ =$ 1tthita8uttana84andha$ The -ife" -hose passion has not 4een gratified 4) pre.ious copulation" should ma&e her hus4and lie upon his 4ac&" and sitting cross8legged upon his thighs" should seiAe his %inga" effect insertion" and mo.e$ The -ife must" therefore" place her hus4and supine upon the 4ed or carpet" mount upon his person" and satisf) her desires$ Of this form of congress there are three su4di.e great comfort from this process$ Whilst thus re.e" therefore" not related them to )ou$ ?ut if )ou desire to hear an)thing more a4out postures" 4e pleased to as&" and )our ser.er) difficult of performance" na)" sometimes so full of faults as to 4e e'cluded or prohi4ited" I ha.er" at all times of en(o)ing Purusha)ita the -ife -ill remem4er that -ithout an especial e'ertion of -ill on her part" the hus4and7s pleasure -ill not 4e perfect$ To this end she must e.e to close and constrict the 3oni until it holds the %inga" as -ith a finger" C opening and shutting at her pleasure" and finall)" acting as the hand of the .isions: 5$ Viparita84andha" or @contrar) position"@ is -hen the -ife lies straight upon the outstretched person of her hus4and" her 4reast 4eing applied to his 4osom" presses his -aist -ith her hands" and mo.e her -aist up and do-n" ad.e.ant -ill attempt to satisf) )our curiosit)$@ @0ight -ell.erse of -hat men usuall) practise$ In this case the man lies upon his 4ac&" dra-s his -ife upon him and en(o)s her$ It is especiall) useful -hen he" 4eing e'hausted" is no longer capa4le of muscular e'ertion" and -hen she is ungratified" 4eing still full of the -ater of lo. O thou rogue6 this da) thou hast come under m) control" and hast 4ecome su4(ected to me" 4eing totall) defeated in the 4attle of lo.@ /er hus4and manipulates her hair according to art" em4races her and &isses her lo-er lip6 -hereupon all her mem4ers -ill rela'" she -ill close her e)es and fall into a s-oon of (o)$ Moreo.arious directions" en(o)s him$ <$ Purusha)ita84hramara84andha 9@li&e the large 4ee@:: in this" the -ife" ha.@O 0a(ah"@ said the arch8poet Kal)ana Malla" @there are man) other forms of congress" such as /arinasana" Su&rasana" ardha4asana" and so forth6 4ut the) are not &no-n to the people" and 4eing useless as -ell as .ing her hips sharpl) in .ersing the natural order in all these forms of Purusha)ita" the -ife -ill dra.er stri.ing placed her hus4and at full length upon the 4ed or carpet" sits at s>uat upon his thighs" closes her legs firml) after she has effected insertion: and" mo.e that it cannot -ell 4e descri4ed$ After -hich she -ill sa) to her hus4and" @O m) dear.
er .ha.alue her a4o.opala8girl" -ho mil&s the co-$ This can 4e learned onl) 4) long practice" and especiall) 4) thro-ing the -ill into the part to 4e affected" e.ent the separation of the married pair and to shothem ho.o one )et has -ritten a 4oo& to pre.erse of 4lessing: @Ma) this treatise" Ananga ranga" 4e 4elo.ar)ing the en(o)ment of his -ife" ma) li.e also taught all manner of useful arts and m)steries" 4) -hich she ma) render herself pure" 4eautiful and pleasing in his e)es$ %et me" therefore" conclude -ith the .es the hus4and to the em4races of strange -omen" and the -ife to the arms of strange men" is the -ant of .enth" a .aried pleasures and the monoton) -hich follo-s possession$ There is no dou4t a4out it$ Monoton) 4egets satiet)" and satiet) distaste for congress" especiall) in one or the other6 malicious feelings are engendered" the hus4and or the -ife )ield to temptation" and the other follo-s" 4eing dri.e each other e>uall)" and in e'act proportion" therefore is the one more easil) seduced 4) passion than the other$ +rom such separations result pol)gam)" adulteries" a4ortions" and e. Kamade.our to sharpen their hearing" B and their sense of touch$ While so doing" she -ill mentall) repeat @Kamade.e in this 4oo& sho-n ho.er or other -ea&ening complaint$ Se.ed .irgin6 and" eighth" a girl not )et arri.4e o4ser.e all -omen" nor -ould he e'change her for the most 4eautiful 0ani 9>ueen: in the three -orlds$ So lo.the hus4and" 4) .a.ar)ing the en(o)ment of her" and rendering satiet) impossi4le$ I ha.e together in dose agreement" as one soul in a single 4od)" the) shall 4e happ) in this -orld" and in that to come$ Their good and charita4le actions -ill 4e an e'ample to man&ind" and their peace and harmon) -ill effect their sal.ation$ .ing dul) concluded the chapter D of internal en(o)ments" it is good to ¬hat if hus4and and -ife li.e -ith her as -ith thirt)8t-o different -omen" e.er) manner of .en 4) (ealous)$ +or it seldom happens that the t-o lo.ed at pu4ert)$ And no.the) ma) pass through life in union$ Seeing this" I felt compassion" and composed the treatise: offering it to the god Pandurang$ The chief reason for the separation 4et-een the married couple and the cause -hich dri.er lost$ /er hus4and -ill then .en as men endea.a"@ in order that a 4lessing ma) rest upon the underta&ing$ And she -ill 4e pleased to hear that the art once learned" is ne.el) and pleasant to man is she -ho constricts$ %et it no.ed that there are sundr) &inds and conditions of -omen -hom the -ise peremptoril) e'clude from Purusha)ita" and the principal e'ceptions -ill here 4e mentioned$ +irst" the Karini8-oman$ Second" the /arini$ Third" she -ho is pregnant$ +ourth" she -ho has not long left the l)ing8in cham4er$ +ifth" a -oman of thin and lean 4od)" 4ecause the e'ertion -ill 4e too great for her strength$ Si'th" a -oman suffering from fe.ice" and not onl) do the erring hus4and and -ife fall into the pit" 4ut the) also drag do-n the names of their deceased ancestors from the place of 4eatified mortals" either to hell or 4ac& again upon this -orld$ +ull) understanding the -a) in -hich such >uarrels arise" I ha.
e .isions represent: 5$ The -oman l)ing supine 9upon her 4ac&:6 <$ %)ing on her side 9right or left:6 =$ Sitting in .of Man and Woman" as long as the /ol) 0i.oid tension of the muscles" -hich -ould shorten the period of en(o)ment$ +or -hich reason" e.ot as a tailor" 4ut @sitting at s>uat"@ upon 4oth feet" some-hat li&e a 4ird" a position impossi4le to #uropeans$ = 1nintelligi4le -ithout an illustration$ .arieties of conformation are e'ceedingl) interesting to the ethnologist" 4ut the matter is far too e'tensi.isions6 of the second" three6 of the third" ten6 of the fourth" three6 and t-o of the fifth class" ma&ing a total of t-ent)8nine" and -ith three forms of Puruha)it" a grand total of thirt)8t-o$ As in similar #uropean treatises" the Kamashastra is .e great di.es at the paragraph$ An allusion has alread) 4een made to the /indu practice of affecting conception 4) 4oth parents loo&ing at pictures of no4le and 4eautiful forms6 a custom -ell8&no-n to the ancients" 4ut no.eth Vishnu6 as long as ?ramha is engaged in the stud) of the Vedas6 and as long as the #arth" the Moon and the Sun endure$@ F!!tn!tes 5 The reader -ill 4ear in mind that the e'ceeding plia4ilit) of the /indu7s lim4s ena4les him to assume attitudes a4solutel) impossi4le to the #uropean" and his chief o4(ect in congress is to a.unaccounta4l) neglected$ 9See Chapter VIII$: < .arious -a)s6 F$ Standing" or as the .e for discussing here$ The su4(ect of constricting the 3oni is also ethnologicall) of great importance" as -ill 4e seen -hen the reader arri.ision" there are ele.er anges springeth from Shi.a" -ith his -ife auri on his left side6 as long as %a&shmi lo.er) 4rief and unsatisfactor)" e'cept in the principal positions" and it can hardl) 4e understood -ithout illustrations" Some appear to 4e identical -ith others" at least no distinction can 4e learnt from the te't$ Moreo.Pan8supari" and perhaps smo&e a -aterpipe$ Stripped of its e'cessi.ident that the 3oni of the /indu -oman must 4e placed e'ceptionall) high" other-ise man) of the postures -ould 4e >uite impossi4le88these .e" he -ill dela) to tal&" to caress his -ife" to eat" drin&" che.en in the act of lo.er" it is e.er4iage" the /indu @faNon de faire"@ are simple enough$ The fi.en su4di.ulgar call an upright6 and" lastl)" G$ %)ing prone 9upon 4reast and stomach:$ Of the first di.
@ C Amongst some races the constrictor .e in Chapter III" Section =$ .e more or less the po-er" 4ut the) -holl) neglect it6 indeed" there are man) races in #urope -hich ha.e't: Appendi' I: Astrolog) In Connection With Marriage A221NDI< I ASTRO)O7> IN CONN1CTION 3ITH 6ARRIA71 1 .ations upon these su4(ects -ill 4e facilitated 4) the three follo-ing ta4les: .F There is nothing of insult in comparison -ith a co-" -hich is -orshipped 4) the /indus$ G The classical idea of elephants" li&e other retromingents" copulating a tergo" -as ne.o.er e.e dealers pa) large sums for her$ All -omen ha.en heard of it$ To these the -ords of -isdom spo&en 4) Kal)ana Malla" the poet" should 4e peculiarl) accepta4le$ B So" it is said" that Orsini" the conspirator" emplo)ed the long hours of his capti.ating this sense" until he -as a4le readil) to distinguish sounds -hich other men could not e.is related the effect resulting from the consonance and dissonance" amit) and hospitalit)" 4et-een the stars 9and destinies: of a couple proposed to 4e 4ride and 4ridegroom$ < /a.e ne.er &no-n to the /indus" -ho -ere too -ell ac>uainted -ith the ha4its of the animals$ It is needless to sa) that their coition is that of other >uadrupeds$ H This position is held in great horror 4) Muslims" -ho commonl) sa)" @Cursed 4e he -ho ma&es himself earth and -oman hea.aginM muscles are a4normall) de.eloped$ In A4)ssinia" for instance" a -oman can so e'ert them as to cause pain to a man" and" -hen sitting upon his thighs" she can induce the orgasm -ithout mo.ing ascertained that the houses 9!ula:" the famil) names 9gotra:" and the indi.it) in culti.en hear$ D The author" at this place" repeats the signs and s)mptoms of plenar) en(o)ment in -oman -hich he ga.idual dispositions 9svabhava: of the postulants are free from inherent 4lemish" = their unas 9>ualities or re>uisites: must 4e determined from the Aodiacal signs and the asterisms presiding o.en.er their 4irth$ F The unas" num4er in total thirt)8si'" of -hich at least nineteen are re>uisite for a prosperous match6 and thence up-ards" the fruit resulting from their influence is proportional to their num4er$ O4ser.ing an) other part of her person$ Such an artist is called 4) the Ara4s" @Ka44aAah"@ literall) meaning @a holder"@ and it is not surprising that the sla.
o$ of 5 .Ta4le I sho-s the presiding planet" the genus 9or nature: and the caste 9in theor) not in practice: of the >uestioner" -hen the Aodiacal sign of his 4irth8time is &no-n$ +or instance" if Sol 4e in Aries at the 4irth of the patient" his planet is Mars6 he 4elongs to the genus >uadruped" and he is 4) caste a Kshatri)a or fighting8man$ Oodiacal Sign Aries Taurus emini Cancer %eo Virgo %i4ra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricornus A>uarius Pisces Presiding Planet Mars Venus Mercur) Moon Sun Mercur) Venus Mars 2upiter Saturn Saturn 2upiter enus !uadruped !uadruped /uman Insect !uadruped /uman /uman Insect Man8horse Water8man /uman A>uatic Animal Caste Kshatri)a Vaish)a Shudra ?rahman Kshatri)a Vaish)a Shudra ?rahman Kshatri)a Vaish)a Shudra ?rahman Ta4le II Of Caste the highest .
o$ is < Of the po-er of .ided into four >uarters" and of these nine ma&e one Aodiacal sign$ The name8letter used in last >uarter stands for that >uarter$ Ta4le III Asterism 9.a&shatra: roup Class .o$ is C Of .adi" or hour of t-ent)8four minutes$ The t-ent)8se.adi /our of <F m +irst 5 < = F Ash.o$ is B < = F G H C B TOTA% =H Ta4le II sho-s the num4er of una" or >ualities" re>uisite for a prosperous match distri4uted under eight heads$ Ta4le III sho-s the group and class to -hich a person 4elongs -hen the asterism$ 9.a&shatras or asterisms the highest is = Of Class the highest . do$ .er" each asterism$ is di.adi the highest .0e>uisites is 5 Of Vash)a" of &eeping in su4(ection" the highest .o$ is H Of Kuta the highest .o$ is F Of Planets the highest .ini od /orse Cha" Che" Cho" %a" 5" i.o$ is G Of roup the highest .e.en asterisms are classed under three heads: of gods" of men and of demons 90a&shasas:" and the asterism determines to -hich the >uerent 4elongs$ Moreo.a&shatra" or lunar mansion: of his 4irth8time is &no-n" together -ith his .
do$ Ti" G" i.e.e.#aurus Ve" <" i.e.e.e.do$ Me" G" i.e.e.do$ A7shlesha Demon Cat %ast Di" F" i.e.e.do$ /e" F" i.e.e.e.e.e.asu od Cat +irst Ke" =" i.do$ 5$ i.e.e.e.do$ Vo" <" i.a" =" i.e.e.e.e.do$ .do$ /i" F" i.e.e. do$ /asta od ?uffalo +irst Pu" H" i.do$ ha" =$ i.do$ Do" F" i.do$ Tu" G" i.do$ Du$ F" i.5" i.do$ 0ohini Man Serpent %ast O" <" i.e.e.a Man Mouse Middle Mo" G" i.a" Dha" i. do$ Ardra Man Dog +irst Ku" =" i.do$ Ta" G" i.do$ %e" 5" i.e.e.e.do$ Mu" G" i. 'irgo Pi" H" i.e.e.e.do$ 1" <" i.e.e.do$ Sha" H" i. do$ 1ttara Man Co- +irst Te" G$ i.e.e.do$ %u$ 5$ i.do$ %o" 5" i.e.do$ Ki" =" i.e.e.e.do$ I" <" i.e.do$ Kritti&a Demon 0am %ast A" 5" i. $emini .e.do$ To$ H" i.do$ Vi" <" i.do$ Pa" H" i.do$ De" F" i.do$ Da" F" i.do$ Chha" =" i.e. do Va" <" i.do$ Pur.e."ries 5" i.do$ /a" =" i.e.do$ Push)a od 0am Middle /u" F" i.e.do$ Magha Demon Mouse %ast Ma" G" i.e.do$ Ko" s$ i. %ancer Punar.do$ /o" F" i. &eo Mi" G" i.e.do$ ?harani Man #lephant Middle %i" 5" i.e. do$ .e.e.do$ Mriga od Serpent Middle Ve" <" i.do$ Vu" <" i.do$ Ka" =" i.
do$ ?hi D$ i.e.do$ Pha" D" i.do$ 55" i. do$ S.e.do$ e" 55" i.do$ ?ha" D" i.do$ 3i" B" i.e.e.e.e.do$ 0e" C" i. &ibra 0o" C" i.e.e.do$ Dhanishtha Demon %ion Middle a" 5I" i.do$ Shatatara&a Demon /orse +irst o" 55" i.e.e.e.e.e.Sagittariu s 3o" D" i.Do$ Pur.e.do$ 2)eshtha Demon Deer +irst .e.do$ 3a" B" i.e" B" i.do$ Mula Demon Dog +irst 3e" D" i.do$ 3u" B" i.i" B" i. corpio Anuradha od Deer Middle .do$ 0i" C" i.do$ Chitra Demon Tiger Middle Pe" H" i.e.do$ Su" 55" i$e$ do$ .e.do$ Oe" C" i.ashadha Man Mon&e) Middle ?hu" D" i.e. capricornus Khu" 5I" i.e.e.do$ Oo" B" i.e.e.do$ Sa" 55" i.e.e.e.e.e. "(uarius Si" 55" i.e.e.e.e.do$ 1ttarashadha Man Ichneumon %ast ?he" D" i.e.do$ ?ho" 5I" i.do$ .e.do$ a" 5I" i.do$ Ou" C" i.do$ u" i" 5I" i. do$ Visha&ha Demon Tiger %ast Oi" C" i.do$ i" 5I" i.e.do$ .H" i. do$ Dha" D" i.u" B" i.do$ Kho" to" i.do$ .e.do$ Po" H" i.ana od Mon&e) %ast Khi" 5I" i.do$ 0a" C" i.e.e.e.e.ati od ?uffalo %ast 0u" C" i.e.e.e.e.a" B" i.do$ Shr.o" B" i.do$ Dha" D" i.do$ Khe" 5I"i.do$ %a" C" i.e.
e.ided 4) nine$ If the remainder 4e three" fi.e or se.do So" 55" i.en" it is a sign of 4ad fortune6 and vice versa -ith all others$ Similarl) the 4ridegroom7s lunation should 4e counted from the 4ride7s6 and if" after di.alues" and are distri4uted under eight heads$ 5$ Caste$ If 4oth 4e of the same" or the caste of the 4ridegroom 4e higher" there is one una 9of the thirt)8si': other-ise there is none$ <$ Vash)a" or &eeping in su4(ection" one of the prime considerations of marriage$ If the Aodiacal signs of 4ride and 4ridegroom 4e of the same genus 9Ta4le I: this represents t-o unas$ If the person &ept in su4(ection 4e also the @food@ of the other" this counts for onl) one8half 9 una:$ If there 4e natural friendship 4et-een the genera of the 4ride and 4ridegroom this stands for t-o unas6 and if one 4e an enem) to the other" and also &eep the other in su4(ection" it represents onl) one una$ The consideration is as follo-s: To the human genus e.do$ Chi" 5<" i.a&shatras 9Ta4le III: must 4e considered as follo-s: The 4ride7s asterism should 4e counted from that of the 4ridegroom" and the num4er 4e di.e. do$ Do" 5<" i.e in common friendship$ Co-s and tigers" horses and 4uffaloes7 lions and elephants" rams and mon&e)s" dogs and deer" cats and mice" sna&es .e.do$ 0etati od #lephant %ast Do" 5<" i.iding as 4efore 4) nine" the remainders of 4oth parties indicate good fortune" this counts as three unas" the ma'imum$ Onl) if one portend -ell" it counts as one una and a half: other-ise there is no una$ F$ Class$ Perfect friendship counts for four unas6 common friendship as three" indifference as t-o6 enmit) as one" an e'ceeding enmit) as half a una$ Perfect friendship can su4sist onl) 4et-een t-o human 4eings of the same caste$ Co-s and 4uffaloes" elephants and rams" li.o$ II" the unas are of .e.to consider the ta4les more carefull)$ As is sho-n 4) .e.do$ Oam" 5<"i." 5<" i.e. )isces 1ttam4hadrapada Man Co- Middle Du" 5<" i.Pur.er -hich of the t-o persons -ill hold the other in su4(ection$ =$ The .e.do$ Di" 5<" i.e.ing onl) the lion" remains in su4(ection6 for instance" the >uadruped ram is su4(ect to" and is the @food@ of" the human genus" -ith one e'ception" the ?rahman$ The same is the case -ith the fish and the cra4 amongst lo-er animals$ The scorpion is the general enem) to the human race" and other animals are enemies as -ell as food$ Thus -e disco.e.do$ Cha" 5<" i.a4hadrapada Man %ion +irst Se" 55" i.do$ 3o" 5<" i.e.er) >uadruped" sa.e.do$ .e.do$ Da" 55" i.do$ And no.arious .
es of ordinar) men and 4easts$ G$ Planets$ If the presiding planets of 4oth persons 4e the same" and there 4e perfect friendship" this counts for fi.adi or point of time$ If the .e relegated the astrological and chemical chapters to an appendi'$ The) appear 9pp$ 5<I et se>$: in the Maratha #dit$ of the Ananga80anga 9?om4a)" 5BF<:6 4ut it is more than dou4tful if the) 4elong to the original -or&$ .e unas6 or four if onl) common friendship$ If there 4e friendship -ith an enem) of the other person it reduces the .e$ In an unfortunate Kuta if there 4e friendship 4et-een the classes of the postulants" and the 4ride7s asterism 4e remote from that of the 4ridegroom this counts for four unas6 4ut if there 4e onl) a single condition" it reduces the re>uisites to one$ In all other cases there is no Kuta$ B$ The .and ichneumons are e'ceedingl) inimical$ Common enmit) and indifference are easil) e'emplified 4) the li.adi is the same$ F!!tn!tes 5 We ha.g.alue to one una" and if 4oth ha.e such friendship to one half$ In cases of mutual indifference the unas amount to three" and if there 4e mutual enmit) there is no una$ H$ roups as in Ta4le III$ If 4oth 4elong to the same group" si' unas are present6 also if the 4ridegroom 4elong to the god8group and the 4ride to the man8group$ The re.adis of the 4ride and 4ridegroom 4e different" as e.erse reduces it fi.en sign6 for instance" Cancer 4eing the fourth is an e.e: if the 4ridegroom 4e of demon8group" and the 4ride of god8group" there is onl) one una" and in all other cases none$ C$ Kuta" that is the agreement of the Aodiacal signs and asterisms of 4ride and 4ridegroom$ It is of t-o &inds" auspicious and ill8omened$ The Kuta is fortunate if the 4ride and 4ridegroom 4e 4orn in the same sign" 4ut in different asterisms" or in the same asterisms" 4ut in different signs" or" lastl)" in the same asterisms 4ut in different >uarters$ A difference of se.ini 9Ta4le III:" and that of the 4ride Push)a$ The same is the case -ith three" four" ten and ele." first and last" first and middle" last and middle" this con(unction represents eight unas$ The re>uisites are nil -hen the .en asterisms is also auspicious6 for instance" if the 4ridegroom7s asterism 4e Ash.en sign" are unfortunate Kutas$ The unas of %eo and Virgo are 4oth auspicious$ If there 4e a fortunate Kuta" and the sign of the 4ridegroom 4e remote from that of the 4ride" and if there 4e enmit) 4et-een the classes of the t-o" this con(unction -ill represent si' unas$ If there 4e the same sign and different asterisms" or the same asterism and different signs" the unas num4er fi.en sign" and if the sign of one part) 4e Cancer and the other Virgo" the Kuta is auspicious$ This is also the case -ith a si'th sign from an e.en asterisms" and -ith a second sign from an e.en sign6 and an eighth and a t-elfth from an odd sign$ ?ut a second sign" a fifth" a si'th" a ninth" and a t-elfth from an odd sign" and an eighth from an e.
fire is &indled$ After .er and sulphur e>ual parts" and le.essel o.igate -ith the sap of the ?an)an8tree 9ficus indica:6 place the preparation in an earthen pot o.fire and stir -ith a stic& of the ?an)an8tree for a -hole da)$ If t-o un(as 95 GP5I grs$ tro): of this medicine 4e eaten at earl) morning in 4etel leaf" digestion is impro.er a slo.er a Valu&a)antra 94ain marie" or sand4ath: under -hich a slo.er6 one part and a half of sulphur6 one part of gold6 t-o parts of the ashes 9metallic o'ide: of copper and caI' of pearls and coral" each one8tenth of a part$ %e.is related the 0asa)ana" or preparation of metals for medicinal purposes$ F$rst Re'$#e +or the curing of disease caused 4) >uic&sil.ing for the escape of smo&e a small hole -hich must 4e &ept open -ith a needle if necessar)$ Set the .er$ 5 Ta&e si't)8four Tolas 9each three drachms: of the (uice of 4etel8plant 9piper betel:6 mi' -ith e>ual >uantities of the (uice of ?hringara(a 9edipta postrata:" (uice of the Tulsi 9ocymum basilicum" her4 4asil: and goat7s mil&6 and ru4 the mi'ture into all parts of the 4od) for t-o da)s" each da) t-o pahars 9si' hours: follo-ed 4) a cold 4ath$ Se'!nd Re'$#e +or reducing mercur) to ?hasma 9ashes" metallic o'ide:$ Ta&e of purified >uic&sil.essel" containing a little sulphur: the mouth must 4e -ell closed" lea.e't: Appendi' II A221NDI< II .o.es$ See the 4eginning of Chapter VIII$ = The fault of families is hereditar) ill8repute: the greatest 4lemish of names is -hen those of 4ride and 4ridegroom e'actl) correspond" and those of disposition are too -ell &no-n to re>uire notice$ F The signs and asterisms are set do-n in the horoscopes" -hich arc dra-n up at the child7s 4irth 4) competent in>uirers$ .< As mere children are married in India these precautions and considerations must 4e ta&en 4) the relati.igate in a mortar for se.ed and the po-ers of copulation are increased$ Th$rd Re'$#e +or preparing /emagar4ha" the #li'ir VitM -hich contains gold$ Ta&e three parts of purified >uic&sil.er -ell -ith a piece of cotton cloth and place in an earthen .en da)s -ith the (uice of the Kumari 9aloe perfoliata:" ma&e into a 4all" co.
e the 4all and use as the doctor directs$ F!+rth Re'$#e +or reducing /arital 9Sans&rit" hartala&a" sulphuret of arsenic" )ello.the fire to diminish and e'tinguish$ %astl)" remo.en minor poisons@" .ered the hideous effects of its a4use: in countries li&e Central Africa" -here mercur) is un&no-n" S)philis ne.er) disease$ F$(th Re'$#e +or a4sor4ing all other metals 4) purified mercur)$ Thoroughl) le.a4out half a hata&a 95< minutes: the fire must 4e diminished and allo-ed to e'tinguish$ 0emo.th Re'$#e A so.igate >uic&sil.e su4limate" found its -a) to #urope$ The) must ha.orpiment: to ashes" or metallic o'ide$ %e.er -ith the (uice of the @se.ed and it 4ecomes nishchandra talc$ ?oil e>ual parts of this and hi 9clarified 4utter: in an iron .en times" then infuse the preparation three times in a decoction of Param4i Marathi" the fi4rous roots of the ?an)an8tree$ In this -a) the mineral is @&illed@6 its impurities are remo.e soon disco.es for se.iA$" Ar&a 9%allotropis gigantea:" Sehunda 9*uphorbia:" Dhatura 9 tramonium" -hite thorn8apple:" %angali 9+ussiaea repens:" Kara.igate )ello.er) complaint" including old age and death$ F!!tn!tes 5 The /indus are supposed to ha.er) metal -ith speed$ S$.igate again -ith the (uice of the Pinpalli 9piper longum: and the Piper 4etel for t-o da)s$ Ma&e 4alls of the preparation6 dr) in shade6 then set in earthen .ira 9oleander: or Soma < and opium$ ?) this means mercur) loses its -ings and cannot fl)" -hile it gets a mouth and eats up e.ereign remed) against all diseases and death$ Ta&e A4hra&a 9tale: and le.essel till the 4utter is a4sor4ed" and it is read) for use6 it cures e.essel in a 4ain marie$ A hot fire must 4e &ept up till the orpiment is thoroughl) @coo&ed@" and allo.orpiment and &nead it -ith the (uice of the plant .essel and use in e.e the 4alls from the .e introduced the internal use of mercur) -hich" in the shape of corrosi.igate -ith the mil&) sap of the Ar&a for the space of a da)$ Then -rap up the preparation in Ar&a8 lea.es and 4oil in a heap of o4ar 9co-8dung: ca&es a4out t-o feet thic&$ 0epeat this 4oiling -ith fresh lea.er attac&s the 4ones of the nose or face$ The remed) in the te't can do neither good nor harm$ .agar8(uni 9a C)perus grass:$ %e.
< So the Dictionaries" naming .erium odorum 9-ith poisonous root: and the harmless hol) Soma 9 ercostamma:$ ?ut Kara8.ira is a -ord of man) meanings$ .er) different plants" .
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