What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar that is the body's main source of fuel. Your body needs glucose to keep running. Here's how it should work. 1. You eat. 2. Glucose from the food gets into your bloodstream. 3. Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin . !nsulin helps the glucose get into the body's cells. ". Your body gets the energy it needs. #he pancreas is a long, flat gland in your belly that helps your body digest food. !t also makes insulin. !nsulin is kind of like a key that opens the doors to the cells of the body. !t lets the glucose in. #hen the glucose can mo$e out of the blood and into the cells. %ut if someone has diabetes, the body either can't make insulin or the insulin doesn't work in the body like it should. #he glucose can't get into the cells normally, so the blood sugar le$el gets too high. &ots of sugar in the blood makes people sick if they don't get treatment.

How To Tell if you Have Diabetes?
'hen people first ha$e diabetes, they usually(  pee a lot because the body tries to get rid of the e)tra blood sugar by passing it out of the body in the urine *pee+  drink a lot to make up for all that peeing  eat a lot because the body is hungry for the energy it can't get from sugar  lose weight as the body starts to use fat and muscle for fuel because it can't use sugar normally  feel tired a lot because the body can't use sugar for energy  headache, bad feelings and itchy skin

causing the blood glucose le$el to rise. which makes the blood sugar le$el $ery high and causes health problems.nd when blood sugar le$els go too high. Glucose stays in the blood. . #he body can still get glucose from food but the glucose can't get into the cells where it's needed. doctor can do tests on a kid's blood to find out if he or she has diabetes. . !n type 2 diabetes. a person can feel sick and may ha$e health problems.Getting treatment for diabetes can stop these symptoms from happening. growth problems./ 2 #ype 1 diabetes. he or she might ha$e you $isit a doctor called a pediatric endocrinologist. but the insulin doesn't work in the body like it should./ 1 and #Y. is most common in kids *it used to be called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes+. !f your doctor thinks you might ha$e diabetes. the pancreas still makes insulin. but some children can get type 2. !t -ust hangs around and builds up in the blood. and more. a type of doctor who helps kids with diabetes. the pancreas can't make insulin. . Types of Diabetes #he two ma-or types of diabetes are #Y. #ype 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes. !t is more common in adults.

eating right and keeping a good weight. let him or her know you can deal with it. go out with their friends.nd pills for type 2 diabetes follow a healthy eating plan so they can keep blood sugar le$els under control and grow normally e)ercise regularly ha$e regular checkups with doctors and other people on their diabetes health care team so they can stay healthy and get treatment for any diabetes problems /$en though kids with diabetes ha$e to do some special things. #hey need to(      check their blood sugar le$els often take medication like insulin shots. and go on trips. !iving With Diabetes 0ids who ha$e diabetes ha$e to pay a little more attention to what they're eating and doing than kids without diabetes. Doctors can't e$en tell who will get it and who won't.Treat ent #ype 1 diabetes can't be pre$ented. #hey can still play sports. #ype 2 can be pre$ented by li$ing healthy. 1o if you ha$e a friend with diabetes. %eing friends is all about ha$ing fun together2 The ain goal is to 0eep blood sugar le$els *also called blood glucose le$els+ from getting too high or too low. . it doesn't keep them from doing the stuff they lo$e. . or use an insulin pump *for type 1+.

!nsulin 3 syringe 1ymptoms .

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Glucose 4onitoring .

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