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"Which teaches things belonging to house-keeping; How to prepare domestic necessities with a small cost; And how to keep them when they are procured."
"The Proeme" Chapter Chapter - "How !ruit may be long preser"ed upon their Trees." - "How #lowers may be preser"ed upon their own stalk."
Chapter - "How to make #ruit sa!es$ or places where !ruit may be con"eniently preser"ed." Chapter % - "What special time there must be chosen !or the gathering o! such !ruit$ as you mean to lay up in store !or a great while a!ter." Chapter % - "&! the manner how to gather !ruit$ as also to help and dress the stalk that grows into them$ whereby we may pre"ent the !irst original$ and the occasion o! their putre!action."
" Chapter (% ." Chapter % ."How other things may be preser"ed !rom putre!action." ."How !ruit may be mi*ed with many things !or their better preser"ation.read made !rom -oots and !ruit." Chapter ( % ." Chapter ( ."How the Ancients$ when they had put their !ruit into certain "essels$ and so shut them up closed$ did put them also into some other "essels !ull o! li'uor." Chapter (% ."+i"erse sorts o! ." Chapter (% .Chapter % ." Chapter ( ."How !ruit may be drenched in Honey$ to make them last a long time."How !ruit must be shut up and kept closed that the air come not at them." n what grounds those !ruit should grow and be gathered$ which we would lay up."That things may be specially well preser"ed in &il and lees o! &il."That !ruit may be "ery well preser"ed in salt water." Chapter ( ."How di"erse sorts o! bread may be made." Chapter ( ."How Apples may be long preser"ed in )awdust with lea"es and cha!! or straw."How !ruit may be long preser"ed in ordinary Wine$ or sodden wine$ or new wine$ or else in wine-lees." Chapter ( ." Chapter % .
"How we may long endure hunger and thirst." Chapter ((% ."How a Householder may pro"ide himsel! with many sorts o! thread." Chapter ( ( ." Chapter (( .Chapter (% ."How the de!ects o! wine may be managed and restored." Chapter (( . /ow we shall seem to ha"e sowed nothing$ and produced nothing$ unless we show how$ And what we sowed and produced at great charge and pains$ may be preser"ed against the cold$ and in0uries o! the outward air$ that they may come !orth in their seasons.ggs without a Hen. There we pro"ided di"ersity o! new !ruit !it !or our use." Chapter (( % ."&! what !ruit may be made."+i"erse ways to make bread o! all sort o! corn and pulse." Chapter ((% ." The Proeme #rom animals and plants$ we ha"e now come to household a!!airs. Where!ore as you were witty to produce them$ you must be as diligent to ." Chapter (( ."How oil may be made o! di"erse things."How bread may be increased in weight."To hatch . t were the part o! a wicked and sloth!ul man carelessly to let that die and come to nothing$ when he had pro"ided with so much care and pains."How %inegar may be made o! di"erse ways$ and o! what." Chapter (( .
"nd Pigeons sit on Hen Eggs. Ducks. that the . and under armpits. because she earnestly desired to brin# first a boy. #or says 1arcus %arro$ they ser"e !or se"eral meats$ and no man stores them up but to produce them when he has need o! them$ to de!end$ or use$ or sell them. . Eggs of a Hen and other birds may be hatched in summer or winter. they may have them. as the heat of man. of the Sun.ut to proceed to the work. shall besides add some considerations o! . she put it into her nurse$s bosom.. So that if any sick people desire to eat Chickens then." N ow shall I show how without a Hen. !or I have seen Hens sit on Geese.read$ Wine$ and &il$ and such as are o! great pro!it !or the Husbandman to pro"ide !or his !amily with the lesser cost$ always setting down the natural causes$ that they being per!ectly known$ a man may easily in"ent and make them. shall !irst set down the in"entions o! our ancestors$ who were "ery diligent herein$ !or they !ound sundry things by di"erse means$ and !aith!ully deli"ered the knowledge o! them to posterity.preser"e them. Livia Augusta. and when she must lay it aside.. She made use of this O en to try it by. Then shall relate what know to be true$ intermi*ing some o! my own in"entions$ and such as think to be o! greatest concern$ and that ha"e o!ten tried. And Husbandman that stores up !ruit$ shall ha"e good pro"ision !or the winter. by Caesar Tiberius. Chapter XXVI "To Hatch Eggs without a Hen. or fire. and Peacock Eggs. She fostered an Egg in her bosom. and a Cuckow to sit upon any of them. Bird Eggs are hatched with heat. when she was youn# and #reat with the child of Nero. ither of the same birds or of others. "nd I have seen women to foster and hatch Eggs between their breasts in their bosoms.
"nd a#ain. "s Goose e##s. turn them afterwards every day. !or birds do no sit upon their Eggs. "nd in the island of 'alta in Sicily. and of other birds. into which they put Eggs of diverse kinds. Eggs are hatched by sittin#. De ocritus teaches. By those that keep birds and Geese. but Eggs are not only so hatched. but by measure. !or this reason you must write down the . So are the Eggs hatched at their due times. Geese. but they are hatched in ovens by a #entle heat. It is nature$s way. Chickens are hatched in very few days and bred up. "nd then of the same Dung. and put it into a hollow vessel with a #reat belly. %hey cover the oven with hot Dung. and when it is full they take it away. !or all these lay in the earth. &hich they tell not by tale. But let us see how our ancestors hatched their Eggs. the ways that others have to produce them.heat mi#ht not abate. where into they put Eggs of diverse fowl. that is more to preserve and keep them then otherwise. In #ypt there is abundance of Hen Chickens. But Aristot!e says that bird Eggs and Eggs of forefooted beasts are ripened by the ncubation of the Da . and if need be they make a fire round about it. %hey make an oven with many holes. "(' a Hen #oes not sit) how she Chickens)" a" have an" %he day you set your Hen upon Eggs. that they may heat alike. But after the twenty days when the Chickens be#in to be hatched. that they may have birds that are stran#e. %hen lay your Eggs upri#ht int it. and their Eggs are hatched by the warmth of the arth. and the Eggs #rew rip at times. Hen Eggs. so that the sharp end my be uppermost. but of their own accord in the earth. Pau!us %ovius in his &ook o' Histories. Besides. "s of Hens. and #reat numbers of them. you shall find those that are in the bottom to be cracked around. Eggs are artificially hatched. Some are found out by man$s industry. as in #ypt covered with Dung they will brin# Chickens. pound and sift it. sprinkle so much on them till the Eggs are covered. but they by their skill hatch the Eggs themselves. (ay Hen feathers round about. (et not one touch the other. Dio#orus Sicu!us #e Eg"$tiis. !or Hens do not there sit on their Eggs. !or if forefooted beasts that lay Eggs came often where they are. then they make a fire round that. P!in". they make an oven. take Hen Dung. %hat by an admirable and compendious art. "t Syracuse a certain +runken companion put Eggs under the hearth in mats. But when your Eggs have lain so covered for two or three days. %hey make the measure without a bottom. In #ypt about #rand Cairo. and he would not leave off drinkin# until the Eggs were hatched.
the third a foot. "Hatch Eggs in a hot Oven. (et the first be a foot and half. Nor can I tell how it should be done. but in the bottom the &ri!ice must be wider. or wrou#ht with twi#s.day they were set. the the Eggs lie upon it may receive the heat that comes from the pipe every way. (et a 2inen cloth cover the Saw#ust. that you may lay and turn the Eggs. %hat must come half a foot above the second story. "nd the Chicken hatched may #o upon it. (et it be round. and hi#her in the middle about the pipe. and the upper part of the story must be covered with Shee$ skins. I shall briefly relate. %he walls of the Hogshea# that are above the Saw#ust with the Conca"ities . In the second story let the pipe be perforated about the top. that you thrust in. )et I tried this most dili#ently. %his we divide by three boards within into three parts. that with little labor and without Hens." 'ake a vessel of wood like a Hogshea#. (et the #reat end of the Eggs lie downwards. and the fourth the least of all. that their warmth may keep in the heat. let it be pressed down about the sides. at first with two wicks. "bove these three rooms strew Saw#ust. &herefore on the twentieth day. But what I have done myself. and the fourth of solid wood. (et the first and second loft be made of thin boards. must a li#ht lamp be placed. (et the first and second sta#e have a hole in the center three fin#ers broad. the sharp end upwards. (et every Conca"ity divided with boards have a little door thereto. the second little above a foot. do not teach the manner how it should be done. So that it can fitly receive the heat of the flame of a candle put under it. In the bottom where the pipe is lower. like a Pyramis or #unnel. In the third story where the pipe ends. " fine cloth that if it be fouled it may be washed a#ain. Brin# a Hen to them which is best to order it. and its shut to open and shut at pleasure. put the Chickens into a pen and be tender of them. %hat the heat breathin# forth thence. (et the third be of &rass arched. and the diameter so lon# as your arm. so you don$t mistake the time. (et it be four foot in altitude. anyone may. (et the Saw#ust be hi#hest about the sides of the Hogshea#. as they are under the Hen. in the end with three in . throu#h which must pass a &rass or (ron pipe tinned over. (ay upon every story a hundred Eggs more or less. the place may be kept warm. takin# of the shell. and I have seen others do. %hey that commend the oven. and it took no effect. so lar#e as you may thrust in your arm. but less in the middle. which I think is best to cover them. In the lower Conca"ity under the tunnel. and so in the lower most. and the Eggs may be hot in the upper part.
and rub him with Nett!es. and lay it on your eye. I must show how to make. If you feel it not. 'arkin# twice or thrice every day whether the heat abate. But if it is clear and transparent. But a Cock or Ca$on will perform what the Hen should. the heat is too much. If is is too hot for you. "ll that are #ood must be daily turned at the lamp heat. !or the heat there will not hatch them. and not shakin# them hard. (et the li#ht fall upon the middle of the tunnel. . be warm or very hot. !or the Chicken will come forth itself. !or if you discern any fibers or bloody matter run about the Egg. it is weak. take them out of the cells. But because they are hatched without the +am. but a weak one will make them A##!e. for that will try it well. &e need not fear spoilin# the Eggs. %ake an Egg out of the place. "nd when it is come out. in three hundred Eggs. that he may become tame. if none did keep them. So you must add or take away from your lamp. "fter the fourth day that the Eggs be#in to be warmed. and see whether they be not A##!e. . first with three. But let the lamp stand somethin# from the Parement. and turn them round as the Hen is found to do. or if any man does handle them #ently. "nd lay it in its place a#ain. %he place where this vessel stands must be warm and stand in a by place. "A Cock 'osters Chickens as the Hen #oes. and by the hole of the Egg take the Chicken by the beak and pull out its head. and stroke him #ently on the back. you shall take the Eggs in your hand. it is nau#ht. the rooms may all heat alike. should pick at it and be burned by it. hold them #ently a#ainst the Sun beams or li#ht of a candle. and hold them a#ainst the Sun and see how the Chicken beak stands." !or they would die. "nd if you do work dili#ently as I have shown you. and #ive him meat out of your hands often. But where the Chickens are wet when they are first hatched. %here break the shell. or the Chickens allured by the li#ht. put it in the lower cell as I said. to make the li#ht ade*uate and proportionable.Summer. !or in a few hours. shut them in here to dry them by the warm heat of the lamp.o but show him the Chicken. it is #ood. But at be#innin# of winter. he will take care of the Chickens so well and #ive them their meat. +ut another Egg in place of it. In summer after nineteen or twenty days. not to say days. or in winter after twentyfive or twentyei#ht days. you must lay no Eggs. " stron# heat will hatch them. and last with four or five. that no Hens did ever do it as he will. %hen pull the #eathers off of his breast. &e shall know it thus. that the heat ascendin# the pipe. In the lower part where the lamp is li#hted. you shall hardly loose ten or twenty at most.
The En# .
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