You are on page 1of 1

1) Study of humankinds, viewed form the perspective of all people and all times 2) They study past and

present societies based on artifacts 3) cultural anthropology (the study of cultures and societies of human beings and their very recent past *bunch of ethnos) Archaeology (The study of past societies and their cultures, especially the material remains of the past) Linguistics (The study of language, especially how language is structured, evolution of language, and the social and cultural contexts for language) physical anthropology (study of human evolution and variation, both past and current) 4) Molecular structure, bones, teeth, blood types, breathing capacity and lung volume, genetics, and genetic history, infectious and other types of disease, origins of language and speech, nutrition, reproduction, growth and development, aging, primate origins, primate social behavior, brain biology etc. 5) Geologists, paleontologists, chemistry, etc. 6) bipedal (two footed), hyoid (speak), diastema (teeth) protecting canines [process food], material culture and tools (stone), hunting (hey brains), domesticated foods (agriculture) 7) Identifying the problem based on some earlier observations 2)starting the hypothesis 3)collecting the data 4)testing the hypothesis, rejection, acceptance, or modification 8) Hypothesis – possible explanation for the processes under study Theories – an explanation 9) 1* study present day cultures and their similarities 2* culture development through the archaeological record 3*biological development of human kind (fossil record) 4* human biological variation through the study of genetics, herity & environmental adaptations
Vocab Hominids = the remains of humanlike beings Material culture = culture expressed as objects that humans use to manipulate environments Empirical = based on observation or experiment Morphology = physical shape and appearance

Chapter 2 1. In short, Lamarck thought that changes were acquired during the life of a parent organism and then transmitted to their offspring while Darwin deducted that changes were already present in the parent organisms, and that the best adapted to that situation survived to breed, which meant that those genetic changes become common in the following generations. 2. As to Malthus the demographer.... he said more are produced than reproduce and there was a competition for resources. Lamarck believed in teleology, that organisms strived for perfection. fact. Darwin thought the environment selected the existing variation of a species.... but Lamarck thought that the giraffe itself was the driving force striving every day for a longer neck. 3. Kingdom: Animalia - Phylum: Chordata - Subphylum: Vertebrata - Class: Mammalia Subclass: Theria -Infraclass: Eutheria - Order: Primates - Suborder: Anthropoidea Superfamily: Hominoidea - Family: Hominidan - Genus: Homo - Species: sapiens