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0 Easy Arithmetic Tricks

Jamie Frater September 17, 2007 Math can be terrifying for many people. This list will hopefully impro e your general !nowle"ge of mathematical tric!s an" your spee" when you nee" to "o math in your hea".

1. The 11 Times Tric! #e all !now the tric! when multiplying by ten \$ a"" 0 to the en" of the number, but "i" you !now there is an e%ually easy tric! for multiplying a two "igit number by 11& This is it' Ta!e the original number an" imagine a space between the two "igits (in this e)ample we will use *2' *+2 ,ow a"" the two numbers together an" put them in the mi""le' *+(*-2.+2 That is it \$ you ha e the answer' *72. /f the numbers in the mi""le a"" up to a 2 "igit number, 0ust insert the secon" number an" a"" 1 to the first' 1+(1-1.+1 (1-1.+2+1

. ignore the remain"er an" a"" a * at the en". Ta!e any number. but when you get in to larger numbers it gets more comple) \$ or "oes it& This tric! is super easy. 6 2* 2)758 82* 7. 2. \$ the answer is 27. a"" a 0 at the en". 17.10+2+1 1021 \$ /t wor!s e ery time. \$ count the fingers before the "roppe" finger (in the case of 1>7 it is 2. 3uic! S%uare /f you nee" to s%uare a 2 "igit number en"ing in *. a"" *. an" put 2* on the en". 6 * or 0 2822 : 2 5 17.. /f the result is whole. 21. Mulitply the first "igit by itself . hal e the number. That is all4 2*2 5 (2)(2-1. . you can "o so ery easily with this tric!. then "i i"e it by 2 (in other wor"s.* (fractional number (ignore remain"er.10 <et=s try another' *227 ) * 21.1.7* . Multiply by * Most people memori9e the * times tables ery easily.7.. /f it is not. Multiply by 1 This one is simple \$ to multiple any number between 1 an" 1 by 1 hol" both han"s in front of your face \$ "rop the finger that correspon"s to the number you are multiplying (for e)ample 1>7 \$ "rop your thir" finger.1 (whole number so a"" 0. then count the numbers after (in this case 7. /t wor!s e erytime' 2822 ) * 5 (2822 : 2.

Tough Multiplication /f you ha e a large number to multiply an" one of the numbers is e en.2* 5 A7. . : 2. 5 (*2 ) 2. ?alculate a Tip /f you nee" to lea e a 1*@ tip.A1. A2.(*2 ) 2.(118.8 1. Cll you "o is multiply by 2 an" mo e the "ecimal point' 11* : * Step1' 11* D 2 5 710 Step2' Mo e the "ecimal' 71. ) 1000 5 . . . is the same as' 18 ) 2*0 is the same as' 2 ) *00 is the same as' . \$ then a"" that number to half its alue an" you ha e your answer' 1*@ of A2* 5 (10@ of 2*. The tric! is to simply multiply by two.((10@ of 2*.000 .*0 .7* 7.*. here is the easy way to "o it. This is a ery simple tric! which may appear ob ious to some. you can easily sub"i i"e to get to the answer' 72 ) 12*. Multiply by . #or! out 10@ ("i i"e the number by 10.. then multiply by two again' *2 ) .000 2.0 or 0ust 71 2172 : * step 1' 2172 D 2 5 *1*8 Step2' *1*. 5 (118. 5 272 8. Bi i"ing by * Bi i"ing a large number by fi e is actually ery simple. but to others it is not. Subtracting from 1.

Multiply by 12' Multiply by 20 an" subtract twice the original number (which is ob ious from the first step. Multiply by 1' Multiply by 10 an" subtract the original number.000 you can use this basic rule' subtract all but the last number from 1. as in 10 tric!s per list erse page. Multiply by 17' Multiply by 7 an" a"" 10 times original number. Ionus' Jercentages Ganni in comment 27 ga e an e)cellent tip for wor!ing out percentages. Cssorte" Multiplication Fules Multiply by *' Multiply by 10 an" "i i"e by 2. Hr you can multiply by 2 an" then by 2. Multiply by 10' Multiply by 1 (as abo e. The secon" part of the wor" is ?M. Multiply by 12' Multiply by 100 an" subtract twice the original number. Multiply by 17' Multiply by 7 an" a"" 10 times original number. Multiply by 11' Multiply by 20 an" subtract the original number. if you want to. Multiply by 27' Multiply by 70 an" subtract 7 times the original number (which is ob ious from the first step. from 1 5 * step7' subtract 2 from 10 5 2 answer' 7*2 10. Multiply by 12' Multiply by 10 an" a"" twice the original number. .To subtract a large number from 1. Soun" Bifficult& Jercents' First of all you nee" to un"erstan" the wor" KJercent. an" put a 9ero on the right. Multiply by 11' Multiply by 100 an" subtract the original number. then subtract the last number from 10' 1000 E8.' Multiply by 2 an" then multiply by 7.2 step1' subtract 8 from 1 5 7 step2' subtract .L The first part is JMF .T.*' Multiply by *0 an" subtract * times the original number (which is ob ious from the first step.. Multiply by 18' Gou can "ouble four times. as abo e.. Multiply by 8' Sometimes multiplying by 7 an" then 2 is easy. so / ha e ta!en the liberty of "uplicating it here' Fin" 7 @ of 700. Multiply by . JMF 5 FHF MC?N.. Multiply by 2.' Multiply by 7 an" then multiply by 2 Multiply by 1*' Multiply by 10 an" a"" * times the original number. Multiply by 1.

* Clso it=s usefull to !now that you can always flip percents. 5 20. it follows that 2@ of *0 is half of 2 . <i!e ?entury 5 100 years. .as in 100.TS in 1 "ollarO etc. 2@2*0 5 & 2 . Irea! "own e ery number that=s as!e" into %uestions of 100.*. 100 ?M. of only 1 hun"re".. it follows that 7 JMF?M..* 5 *2. an" yep.2 5 18. 7*. is 7. 1*@700 5 1*-1*-1* 5. So 7-7-7 5 21. li!e 7@ of 100 is the same as 100@ of 7. 7@ of the 7r" hun"re" is also 7.77@ of 100 5 7*. (7 for each hun"re". if the number is less then 100. MPCMJ<MS' 2@200 5 & 2 . /f 2 @ of 100 is 2.77 Iut how is that useful&& Iac! to the 7@ of 700 %uestion.T 5 For Mach 100. 7*@ of 2 is the same as 2@ of 7*.. or .0 (Mo ing the "ecimal bac!. 7@ of the first hun"re" is 7. 2@2* 5 2. 2 @ of 100 5 2.. then mo e the "ecimal point accor"ingly. 7@ of 2n" hun"re" is also 7.T of 100. 1*@7*0 5 1*-1*-1*-7. So.2 . H!O so JMF?M.