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COMPUTER PROJECT

C++ PROGRAM ON RAILWAY RESERVATION SYSTEM

Gouri Shankar English Medium School Submitted By:NAME:-Penugonda Vineeth CLASS: XII ROLL NO:-

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my teacher___________________ as well as our principal_____________________ who gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic_________________________________, which also helped me in doing a lot of Research and I came to know about so many new things I am really thankful to them. Secondly I would also like to thank my parents and friends who helped me a lot in finishing this project within the limited time. I am making this project not only for marks but to also increase my knowledge. THANKS AGAIN TO ALL WHO HELPED ME.

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE
Certified to be the bonafide work done by Mr. / Miss ______________________ of class________ in the _______________ during the year _____________ Date ________________.

Submitted for ALL INDIA SENIOR SECONDARY EXAMINATION held in _____________________ at Gouri Shankar English Medium School, Bhubaneswar. Examiner DATE-________________

INDEX S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 CONTENTS Objective Introduction Aim & Theory The Program Output Bibliography PAGE NO.

OBJECTIVE
To develop a C++project to manage a railway ticket reservation service using object oriented programming and data file handling.

INTRODUCTION
The C++programming language was developed at AT&T Bell laboratories in the early igSos by Biarne Stroustrup. He found out C lacking for simulating and decided to extend the language by adding features from his favourite language. SimtaSj was one of the earliest object-oriented languages. Biarne Stroustrup called it C with classes originally. The name C++ was coined by Rick Mascitti where++is the C increment operator. Ever since its birth, C++ evolved to cope with problems encountered by users, and through discussions at AT&T. The major reasons for its success is the support for object oriented programming, which is most near to real world situations. However, the maturation of the C++ language is attested by 2 recent events: The formation of an ANSI (American National Standard Institute) C++ committee, and The publication of the Annotated C++ Reference Manual by Ellis and Stroustrup. One can easily judge the importance of C++ as given the following lines:- Object-oriented technology is regarded as the ultimate paradigm for the modeling of the information in the data of logic. The C++ is now shown to fulfill this goal.

AIM & THEORY


This is a project based on train reservation. The program helps us to enter, display or alter the details of different trains. Moreover & most importantly the program helps us to reserve or cancel a train ticket. The program also helps us to know the present status of a reserved ticket, i.e. whether the ticket is confirmed or not. It includes various function programs to do the above mentioned tasks. Data file handling has been effectively used in the program. This program uses the concept of object-oriented programming and data file handling. The database is a collection of interrelated data to serve multiple applications. That is database programs create files of information. So we see that files are worked with most, inside the program. The software required for the management of data is called as DBMS. It has 3 models Relation model Hierarchical model Network model RELATIONAL MODEL: Its based on the concept on relation. Relation is the table that consists of rows and columns. The rows of the table are called tuple and the columns of the table are called attribute. Numbers of rows in the table is called as cardinality. Number of columns in the table is called as degree. HIERARCHICAL MODEL: In this type of model, we have multiple records for each record. A particular record has one parent record. No chid record can exist without parent record. In this, the records are organized in tree structure. NETWORK MODEL: In this, the data is represented by collection of records and relationship is represented by (ink or association. CHARACTERISTICS OF DB MS: - It reduces the redundancy Reduction of data in inconsistency Data sharing Data standardization DIFFERENT TYPES OF FILES: BASED ON ACCESS: Sequential file Serial file Random (direct access) file BASED ON STORAGE: Text file Binary File

PROGRAM

#include<stdio.h> #include<conio.h> #include<stdlib.h> #include<string.h> #include<iostream.h> #include<time.h> #include<iomanip.h> #include<fstream.h> char f*10+=f; char s*10+=s; int addr,ad,flag,f1,d,m,i,amt; float tamt; class login { public: char id[100]; char pass[100]; char *password; void getid() { cout<<Enter your id:;gets(id); password=getpass(Enter the password:); strcpy(pass,password);

} void displayid() { cout<<Id:;puts(id); cout<<Password:;puts(pass); } }; class detail { public: int tno; char tname[100]; char bp[100]; char dest[100]; int c1,c1fare; int c2,c2fare; int d,m,y; void getdetail() { cout<<Enter the details as follows\n; cout<<Train no:;cin>>tno; cout<<Train name:;gets(tname); cout<<Boarding point:;gets(bp); cout<<Destination pt:;gets(dest); cout<<No of seats in first class & fare per ticket:; cin>>c1>>c1fare; cout<<No of seats in second class & fare per ticket:;

cin>>c2>>c2fare; cout<<Date of travel:;cin>>d>>m>>y; } void displaydetail() { cout<<tno<<\t<<tname<<\t<<bp<<\t<<dest<<\t; cout<<c1<<\t<<c1fare<<\t<<c2<<\t<<c2fare<<\t; cout<<d<<-<<m<<-<<y<<\t<<endl; } }; class reser { public: int pnr; int tno; char tname[100]; char bp[10]; char dest[100]; char pname[10][100]; int age[20]; char clas[10]; int nosr; int i; int d,m,y; int con; float amc; void getresdet()

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{ cout<<Enter the details as follows\n; cout<<Train no:;cin>>tno; cout<<Train name:;gets(tname); cout<<Boarding point:;gets(bp); cout<<Destination pt:;gets(dest); cout<<No of seats required:;cin>>nosr; for(i=0;i<nosr;i++) { cout<<Passenger name:;gets(pname*i+); cout<<Passenger age:;cin>>age*i+; } cout<<Enter the class f-first class s-second class:; gets(clas); cout<<Date of travel:;cin>>d>>m>>y; cout<<Enter the concession category\n; cout<<1.Military\n2.Senior citizen\n; cout<<3.Children below 5 yrs\n4.None\n; cin>>con; cout<<END OF GETTING DETAILS\n; } void displayresdet() { cout<<..\n; cout<<..\n; cout<<Pnr no:<<pnr; cout<<\nTrain no:<<tno;

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cout<<\nTrain name:;puts(tname); cout<<Boarding point:;puts(bp); cout<<Destination pt:;puts(dest); cout<<No of seats reserved:<<nosr; for(i=0;i<nosr;i++) { cout<<Passenger name:;puts(pname*i+); cout<<Passenger age:<<age*i+; } cout<<\nYour class:;puts(clas); cout<<\nDate of reservation:<<d<<-<<m<<-<<y; cout<<\nYour concession category:<<con; cout<<\nYou must pay:<<amc<<endl; cout<<***********************************************\n; cout<<END OF RESERVATION..\n; cout<<***********************************************\n; } }; class canc { public: int pnr; int tno; char tname[100]; char bp[10]; char dest[100]; char pname[10][100];

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int age[20]; int i; char clas[10]; int nosc; int d,m,y; float amr; void getcancdet() { cout<<Enter the details as follows\n; cout<<Pnr no:;cin>>pnr; cout<<Date of cancellation:;cin>>d>>m>>y; cout<<..END OF GETTING DETAILS..\n; } void displaycancdet() { cout<<.\n; cout<<.\n; cout<<Pnr no:<<pnr; cout<<\nTrain no:<<tno; cout<<\nTrain name:;puts(tname); cout<<Boarding point:;puts(bp); cout<<Destination pt:;puts(dest); cout<<\nYour class:;puts(clas); cout<<no of seats to be cancelled:<<nosc; for(i=0;i<nosc;i++) { cout<<Passenger name:;puts(pname*i+);

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cout<<passenger age:<<age*i+; } cout<<\nDate of cancellation:<<d<<-<<m<<-<<y; cout<<\nYou can collect:<<amr<<rs<<endl; cout<<*****************************************\n; cout<<END OF CANCELLATION.\n; cout<<*****************************************\n; } }; void manage(); void can(); void user(); void database(); void res(); void reserve(); void displaypassdetail(); void cancell(); void enquiry(); void main() { clrscr(); int ch; cout<<~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~\n; cout<<.WELCOME TO RAILWAY RESERVATION SYSTEM.\n; cout<<~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~\n; do {

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cout<<^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^MAIN MENU^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^\n; cout<<1.Admin mode\n2.User mode\n3.Exit\n; cout<<Enter your choice:; cin>>ch; cout<<endl; switch(ch) { case 1: database(); break; case 2: user(); break; case 3: exit(0); } }while(ch<=3); getch(); } void database() { char *password; char *pass=abc; password=getpass(Enter the admininistrator password:); detail a; fstream f; int ch;

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char c; if(strcmp(pass,password)!=0) { cout<<Enter the password correctly \n; cout<<You are not permitted to logon this mode\n; goto h; } if(strcmp(pass,password)==0) { char c; do { cout<<..ADMINISTRATOR MENU..\n; cout<<1.Create detail data base\n2.Add details\n; cout<<3.Display details\n4.User management\n; cout<<5.Display passenger details\n6.Return to main menu\n; cout<<Enter your choice:; cin>>ch; cout<<endl; switch(ch) { case 1: f.open(t.txt,ios::out|ios::binary); do { a.getdetail(); f.write((char *) & a,sizeof(a));

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cout<<Do you want to add one more record?\n; cout<<y-for Yes\nn-for No\n; cin>>c; }while(c==y'); f.close(); break; case 2: f.open(t.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary|ios::app); a.getdetail(); f.write((char *) & a,sizeof(a)); f.close(); break; case 3: f.open(t.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary|ios::app); f.seekg(0); while(f.read((char *) & a,sizeof(a))) { a.displaydetail(); } f.close(); break; case 4: manage(); break; case 5: displaypassdetail(); break;

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} }while(ch<=5); f.close(); } h: } void reserve() { int ch; do { cout<<1.Reserve\n2.Return to the main menu\n; cout<<Enter your choice:; cin>>ch; cout<<endl; switch(ch) { case 1: res(); break; } }while(ch==1); getch(); } void res() { detail a;

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reser b; fstream f1,f2; time_t t; f1.open(t.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary); f2.open(p.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary|ios::app); int ch; b.getresdet(); while(f1.read((char *) &a,sizeof(a))) { if(a.tno==b.tno) { if(strcmp(b.clas,f)==0) { if(a.c1>=b.nosr) { amt=a.c1fare; addr=f1.tellg(); ad=sizeof(a.c1); f1.seekp(addr-(7*ad)); a.c1=a.c1-b.nosr; f1.write((char *) & a.c1,sizeof(a.c1)); if(b.con==1) { cout<<Concession category:MILITARY PERSONNEL\n; b.amc=b.nosr*((amt*50)/100); } else if(b.con==2)

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{ cout<<Concession category:SENIOR CITIZEN\n; b.amc=b.nosr*((amt*60)/100); } else if(b.con==3) { cout<<Concession category:CHILDERN BELOW FIVE\n; b.amc=0.0; } else if(b.con==4) { cout<<You cannot get any concession\n; b.amc=b.nosr*amt; } srand((unsigned) time(&t)); b.pnr=rand(); f2.write((char *) & b,sizeof(b)); b.displayresdet(); cout<<\n; cout<<Your ticket is reserved\n; cout<<End of reservation menu-\n; } else { cout<<**********Sorry req seats not available********\n; } }

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else if(strcmp(b.clas,s)==0) { if(a.c2>=b.nosr) { amt=a.c2fare; addr=f1.tellg(); ad=sizeof(a.c2); f1.seekp(addr-(5*ad)); a.c2=a.c2-b.nosr; f1.write((char *) & a.c2,sizeof(a.c2)); if(b.con==1) { cout<<Concession category:MILITARY PRESONNEL\n; b.amc=b.nosr*((amt*50)/100); } else if(b.con==2) { cout<<Concession category:SENIOR CITIZEN\n; b.amc=b.nosr*((amt*60)/100); } else if(b.con==3) { cout<<Concession category:CHILDERN BELOW FIVE\n; b.amc=0.0; } else if(b.con==4) {

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cout<<You cannot get any concession\n; b.amc=b.nosr*amt; } f2.write((char *) & b,sizeof(b)); b.displayresdet(); cout<<\n; cout<<Your ticket is reserved\n; cout<<End of reservation\n; } else { cout<<********Sorry req no of seats not available*******\n; } } getch(); goto h; } else { flag=0; } } if(flag==0) { cout<<Wrong train no.\n; cout<<Enter the train no from the data base..\n; }

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f1.close(); f2.close(); getch(); h: } void displaypassdetail() { fstream f; reser b; f.open(p.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary); f.seekg(0); while(f.read((char *) & b,sizeof(b))) { b.displayresdet(); } f.close(); getch(); } void enquiry() { fstream f; f.open(t.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary); detail a; while(f.read((char *) & a,sizeof(a))) { a.displaydetail(); }

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getch(); } void cancell() { detail a; reser b; canc c; fstream f1,f2,f3; f1.open(t.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary); f2.open(p.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary); f3.open(cn.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary); cout<<**********CANCELLATION MENU*********\n; c.getcancdet(); while(f2.read((char *) & b,sizeof(b))) { if(b.pnr==c.pnr) { c.tno=b.tno; strcpy(c.tname,b.tname); strcpy(c.bp,b.bp); strcpy(c.dest,b.dest); c.nosc=b.nosr; for(int j=0;j<c.nosc;j++) { strcpy(c.pname[j],b.pname[j]); c.age[j]=b.age[j]; }

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strcpy(c.clas,b.clas); if(strcmp(c.clas,f)==0) { while(f1.read((char *) & a,sizeof(a))) { if(a.tno==c.tno) { a.c1=a.c1+c.nosc; d=a.d; m=a.m; addr=f1.tellg(); ad=sizeof(a.c1); f1.seekp(addr-(7*ad)); f1.write((char *) & a.c1,sizeof(a.c1)); tamt=b.amc; if((c.d==d)&&(c.m==m)) { cout<<You are cancelling at the date of departure\n; c.amr=tamt-((tamt*60)/100); } else if(c.m==m) { cout<<You are cancelling at the month of departure\n; c.amr=tamt-((tamt*50)/100); } else if(m>c.m) {

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cout<<You are cancelling one month before the date of departure\n; c.amr=tamt-((tamt*20)/100); } else { cout<<Cancelling after the departure\n; cout<<Your request cannot be completed\n; } goto h; c.displaycancdet(); } } } else if(strcmp(c.clas,s)==0) { while(f1.read((char *) & a,sizeof(a))) { if(a.tno==c.tno) { a.c2=a.c2+c.nosc; d=a.d; m=a.m; addr=f1.tellg(); ad=sizeof(a.c2); f1.seekp(addr-(5*ad)); f1.write((char *) & a.c2,sizeof(a.c2)); tamt=b.amc;

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if((c.d==d)&&(c.m==m)) { cout<<You are cancelling at the date of departure\n; c.amr=tamt-((tamt*60)/100); } else if(c.m==m) { cout<<You are cancelling at the month of departure\n; c.amr=tamt-((tamt*50)/100); } else if(m>c.m) { cout<<You are cancelling one month before the date of departure\n; c.amr=tamt-((tamt*20)/100); } else { cout<<Cancelling after the departure\n; cout<<Your request cannot be completed\n; } goto h; c.displaycancdet(); } } } } else

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{ flag=0; } } h: if(flag==0) { cout<<Enter the correct pnr no\n; } f1.close(); f2.close(); f3.close(); getch(); } void can() { int ch; do { cout<<..CANCELLATION MENU\n; cout<<1.Cancell\n2.Return to the main menu\n; cout<<Enter your choice:; cin>>ch; cout<<endl; switch(ch) { case 1:

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cancell(); break; } }while(ch==1); getch(); } void user() { login a; int ch; cout<<*****************************************************\n; cout<<***********WELCOME TO THE USER MENU**\n; cout<<****************************************************\n; char *password; fstream f; f.open(id.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary); char id[100]; puts(Enter your id:);gets(id); password=getpass(Enter your password:); while(f.read((char *) & a,sizeof(a))) { if((strcmp(a.id,id)==0)&&(strcmp(a.pass,password)==0)) { do { cout<<1.Reserve\n2.Cancell\n3.Enquiry\n4.Return to the main menu\n; cout<<Enter your choice:;

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cin>>ch; cout<<endl; switch(ch) { case 1: reserve(); break; case 2: cancell(); break; case 3: enquiry(); break; } }while(ch<=3); goto j; } else { d=1; } } if(d==1) { cout<<Enter your user id and password correctly\n; } getch();

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j: } void manage() { int ch; fstream f; char c; login a; cout<<WELCOME TO THE USER MANAGEMENT MENU..\n; do { cout<<1.Create id data base\n2.Add details\n; cout<<3.Display details\n4.Return to the main menu\n; cout<<Enter your choice:; cin>>ch; cout<<endl; switch(ch) { case 1: f.open(id.txt,ios::out|ios::binary); do { a.getid(); f.write((char *) & a,sizeof(a)); cout<<Do you want to add one more record\n; cout<<y-Yes\nn-No\n; cin>>c;

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}while(c==y'); f.close(); break; case 2: f.open(id.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary|ios::app); a.getid(); f.write((char *) & a,sizeof(a)); f.close(); break; case 3: f.open(id.txt,ios::in|ios::out|ios::binary); f.seekg(0); while(f.read((char *) & a,sizeof(a))) { a.displayid(); } f.close(); break; } }while(ch<=3); getch(); }

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OUTPUT

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Bibliography
A. www.codeblocks.org B. www.projects.icbse.com C. www.learnalot.ml

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