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(Revised 1 June 1974) C 49

CRD-C 49-74

SUPPLEMENTARY STANDARD METHODS OF MAKING AND


CURING CONCRETE TEST SPECIMENS IN THE LABORATORY

1. Scope (16-mm) rod evenly distributed over


the surface of the specimen. After
1.1 The procedures of CRD-C 10 rodding, the concrete shall be spaded
cover most of the provisions appli- along the sides and ends with a mason’s
cable for use by Corps of Engineers’ trowel or other suitable tool. When
laboratories for making and curing the rodding and spading operations
concrete test specimens. However, are completed, the sides of the molds
some supplementary provisions are may be tapped with a rubber mallet
regarded as desirable. These are to the extent necessary to close the
given here. rod holes and achieve adequate con-
solidation. The top shall then be
2. Variations in Procedures struck off with a wood float and finished
with a steel trowel. The test specimen
2.1 A considerable number of ref- shall be made promptly and without
erences to alternative procedures, to interruption. The identifying labels
modification of procedures under cer- shall be placed near one end of the
tain circumstances, and to a range of specimen to facilitate differentiation
permissible circumstances are in- of one end from the other. The place-
cluded in CRD-C 10. Such references ment of the labels shall be by proce-
are believed necessary in order to dures that do not cause a point of
permit the method to be sufficiently significant weakness in specimens
flexible to be applied to all conditions to be tested for resistance to
under which it may be used and to freezing-and-thawing.
prevent situations developing in which 3.4 Curing.- As soon as finishing
a deviation from the requirements has been completed, the top finished
becomes mandatory. Such references surface of the specimen shall be cov-
are also designed to permit limited ered. The specimen shall then be
variation in equipment design so that stored at a temperature of 73.4 ± 2 F
available equipment may be used ( 2 3 ± 1.1 C) until the time of stripping
whenever there are no data to indicate and in such a manner as to prevent
that rigid uniformity is required. loss of moisture from the specimen.
Variation in procedures or equipment Specimens shall be removed from the
shall not be permitted in the making m o l d s 4 8 ± 4 hr after molding and
and curing of specimens that are to stored in a moist condition at 73.4 ± 2 F
be compared with each other. ( 2 3 ± 1.1 C) until time of test. Speci-
mens intended for freezing-and-
3. Beams for Laboratory Freezing- thawing (CRD-C 114) shall be stored
and-Thawing (CRD-C 114) in saturated limewater at 73.4 ± 2 F
( 2 3 ± 1.1 C) for the final 48 ± 4 hr be-
3.1 Size of Specimens.- The spec- fore the time of test (Note).
imens shall be beams with dimensions
Note.- It is the intent of the above to insure that the
3-1/2 by 4-1/2 by 16 in. (89 by 114 by specimens: (1) receive uninterrupted water curing, and
406 mm). (2) be soaked in water (saturated with lime) for at least
44 hr before they are put in the freezer. It is not the in-
3.2 Molds.- Means shall be pro- tent that immersed storage be either mandatory or for-
vided for securing the base plate to bidden during the period between stripping and 48 ± 4 hr
before the time of test. Any curing condition that meets
the mold. the requirements for temperature and “moist storage”
3.3 Molding Specimens.- The test may be used up to 48 ± 4 hr before the time of test. This
includes immersed storage (in lime solution). Immersed
specimen shall be formed with its storage, if available, will presumably be chosen for cur-
3-1/2 in. (89-mm) dimension and its ing between the time of stripping and the time of test
since its use will remove the need for rehandling the
long axis horizontal. The concrete specimens at 12 days age.
shall be placed in the mold in a single
layer and the mold shall be filled 4. Thermal-Diffusivity Test
heaping full. The concrete shall then Specimens (CRD-C 36)
be consolidated in the mold by hand-
rodding, using 30 strokes of a 5/8-in. 4.1 Specimens.- Specimens for

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(Issued 1 June 1974)

2 MAKING AND CURING CONCRETE TEST SPECIMENS (C 49-73)

thermal-diffusivity test shall be made referred to below as “large” speci-


and cured in accordance with require- m e n s . Specimens for the determina-
ments for compression test specimens tion of permeability of concrete paste,
(CRD-C 10), except that each speci- m o r t a r s , or concrete having a maxi-
men shall be molded with a thermo- mum size of aggregate of 1 in. (25 mm)
couple embedded at the center of mass. or less shall be cylinders 6 in. (152
mm) in diameter by 6 in. (152 mm) in
5. Cubes for Determination of length. T h e s e a r e r e f e r r e d t o b e l o w
Thermal Diffusivity of Mass as “small” specimens.
Concrete (CRD-C 37) and 6.2 Forms for “Large” Speci-
for Subsequent Coring mens.- The forms for “large” spec-
imens shall be of 24- or 26-gage
5.1 Size of Specimens.- The speci- (0.64- or 0.48-mm) galvanized sheet
m e n s s h a l l b e c u b e s 8 c u f t ( 0 . 0 2 2 7 m3 ) steel with crimped and soldered
in volume. seams. A 1/4-in. (6.4-mm) flange
5.2 Forms.- The assembled form shall be turned out around the top,
shall be mortartight and shall be and a cover provided having a radius
lightly oiled prior to use. 1/8 in. (3.2 mm) less than the outside
5.3 Molding Specimens.- Concrete radius of the flange so that a firm
shall be placed in the form in two soldered joint may be made when the
layers which shall be consolidated c o v e r i s s e a l e d . The flange and the
separately. Vibration of the upper contacting edge of the cover shall be
layer shall be carried through into tinned to assist in soldering the cover
the lower layer. In the event that the in place.
two layers comprise separate batches, 6.3 M o l d i n g a n d C u r i n g o f “ L a r g e ”
the form shall be covered with wet Specimens.- To mold specimens of
burlap between batches, and vibration 14-1/2-in. (368-mm) diameter by 15-
of the first layer shall be delayed until in. (381-mm) length, the concrete
just before the second layer is ready shall be placed in the form in two
to be placed. Vibration shall not be layers which shall be consolidated
delayed more than 20 min after place- separately. Vibration shall be ac-
ment. Vibration shall be accomplished complished by means of an internal
by use of an internal vibrator and vibrator. The top shall be screeded
shall be only of such duration as to and a small depression made around
insure adequate consolidation. The the top edge of the specimen to prevent
vibrator frequency shall be not less water from interfering with the sol-
than 6500 vpm (108 Hz) and the vi- dering operation. After the cover is
brator head shall be approximately soldered the specimen shall be turned
2-3/8 in. (61 m m ) i n d i a m e t e r b y on its side so that bleeding water will
18 in. (457 mm) long. rise normal to the axis of the speci-
5.4 Curing.- Specimens shall be men. This position shall be marked
stripped not earlier than 40 hr after and retained without rotation during
molding and coated with an approved and curing period. The specimen shall
concrete curing compound. be stored in the sealed container at
5.5 Embedded Items.- Specimens 73.4 ± 2 F (23 ± 1.1 C) until time of
will be equipped with hoisting rings, testing.
thermocouples, a n d o t h e r i t e m s a s 6.4 Molding and Curing of “Small”
prescribed in CRD-C 37. Specimens.- The “small” specimens
shall be prepared as 6- by 12-in.
6. Permeability Test (152- by 305-mm) cylinders in con-
Specimens (CRD-C 48) formity with CRD-C 10, except as
follows: The permeability specimens
6.1 Specimens for the determina- shall be cast in standard 6- by 12-in.
tion of permeability of concrete con- (152 - by 305-mm) cylinder molds
taining aggregate, the maximum size equipped with both a top and bottom
of which is in excess of 1 in. (25 mm) made of steel plates, plywood, or other
but not greater than 3 in. (75 mm) in suitable material. The top and bottom
n o m i n a l s i z e , shall be cylinders of the molds shall be held firmly in
14-1/2 in. (368 mm) in diameter by place by bolts, clamps, or other suit-
15 in. (381 mm) in length. These are able devices. The molds shall be made
(Issued 1 June 1974) C 49

MAKING AND CURING CONCRETE TEST SPECIMENS (C 49-73) 3

as nearly watertight as practicable. mens shall be beams 18 in. (457 mm)


After the specimens have been cast, in height and width, and 36 in. (914 mm)
and the tops and bottoms of the molds in length.
securely fixed in position, they shall 8 . 2 F o r m s . - Forms for these test
be kept in a horizontal position until specimens shall be made of 3/8-in.
they are stripped. They shall be re- (9.5-mm) metal plate and shall be
moved from the molds at an age of not provided with base plates. Means
less than 40 hr. They shall be sawed shall be provided for securing the
into two 6- by 6-in. (152- by 152-mm) base plates to the forms. The assem-
cylinders prior to time of test. bled forms shall be mortartight and
shall be lightly oiled prior to use.
7. Temperature-Rise Test 8.3 Molding Specimens.- Concrete
Specimens (CRD-C 38) shall be placed in the form in two
layers and each layer shall be con-
7.1 Precooling Materials.- Unless solidated separately. Vibration shall
otherwise specified the specimens be carried through the upper layer into
shall be molded so that the initial t h e l o w e r l a y e r . Consolidation shall
temperature of the concrete in the be accomplished by making a series
specimen immediately after consoli- of diagonal insertions along the longi-
dation of the final layer shall be tudinal axis of the prism, spaced at
50 ± 5 F (10 ± 2.3 C). All materials equal intervals, for each layer with
shall be precooled, as may be neces- an internal vibrator. The diagonal
sary, to a temperature sufficiently insertion at approximately 45 deg
low to insure that the specified initial shall be made in such a manner that
temperature will be achieved. the axis of the vibrator tube shall be
7.2 Size of Specimens.- The speci- in a plane parallel to the side of the
mens shall be cylinders, 30 in. (760 beam. Vibration. shall be only of
mm) in diameter and 29 in. (737 mm) such duration as to insure adequate
in height. All of a single batch of consolidation.
concrete, intended to yield 11.86 cu ft 8.4 Curing.- When the finishing
( 0 . 3 3 6 m3 ) w i t h t h e i n t e n d e d a i r c o n - has been completed, the specimens
tent, s h a l l b e u s e d t o m o l d o n e shall be stored at a temperature of
specimen. 7 3 . 4 ± 2 F (23 ± 1.1 C) until the time
7.3 Supplementary Tests.- Slump of stripping and in such a manner as
(CRD-C 5) and air content (gravimet- to prevent loss of moisture. The
ric) (CRD-C 71) shall be determined. specimens shall be removed from the
The concrete used for these tests forms (not earlier than 40 hr after
shall be returned to the batch prior molding) and stored in a moist con-
to molding the temperature-rise test dition at 73.4 ± 2 F (23 ± 1.1 C). The
specimen. These tests shall be ac- specimens shall be removed from the
complished as expeditiously as possi- moist condition at an age of 28 days
ble so that placement of the concrete and stored indoors in air until the
will not be delayed. time of removal to outdoor exposure.
8 . 5 L a b e l s . - The identifying labels
8. Specimens for shall be placed near one end of the
Outdoor Exposure specimen and affixed permanently
thereto by slight embedment to facil-
8.1 Size of Specimens.- The speci- itate identification.