You are on page 1of 3

(Issued 1 Mar.

1969) C 50

CRD-C 50-69

METHOD OF TEST FOR


EFFECT OF GRINDING DURING CONCRETE MIXING
ON THE GRADING OF AGGREGATES
Note.- Pozzolan may conveniently be processed to re-
Scope move particles coarser than the No. 200 sieve by labo-
ratory air classifiers such as a Raymond laboratory
air classifier as referred to in WES TR 6-583 (1961).
1. This method outlines proce- If suitable facilities for so processing the pozzolan are
dures for determining the effect of unavailable, it may be processed to remove particles
coarser than the No. 100 sieve.
grinding during concrete mixing on
the grading of aggregates. T w o p r o -
cedures are described: (c) All of the fine and coarse aggre-
(a) Laboratory Method.- The labo- gate to be used will be sieved to deter-
ratory method is intended for use mine the grading of each size range.
principally in connection with investi-
gations of potential aggregate sources Making of Concrete
and will yield results that will per-
mit an evaluation to be made of the 3. (a) Mixture proportions shall be
relative anticipated degree to which selected in accordance with the ap-
materials from such sources may plicable proportions of CRD-C 3.
be expected to undergo a change in (b) Two batches of concrete will be
grading due to grinding during con- made in accordance with the appli-
crete mixing. cable provisions of CRD-C 10 except
(b) Field Method.- The field method that there will be no “butter” batch.
is intended for use principally in con- The normal capacity of the concrete
nection with the development of in- mixer used should not exceed three
formation on the actual grading of times the size of the batch to be mixed.
aggregates in job-mixed concrete as
discharged from the mixer. Tests

Laboratory Method 4. The entire batch shall be dis-


charged and the mixer shall be washed
Preparation of Materials clean. The batch including all wash-
ings used in cleaning the mixer shall
2. (a) Materials will be prepared be washed over all sieves used to de-
in sufficient quantity for the tests de- termine grading of the aggregates.
scribed below and to make two batches
of simulated concrete of the batch Calculation
size indicated, depending on the grad-
ing range of the coarse aggregate: 5. The grading of the aggregates
before mixing shall be calculated from
Size Range of Batch the sieve analyses made on the mate-
Coarse Aggregate Size, cu ft rials used in the batches. The grading
of the aggregates after mixing shall
No. 4 to 3/4 in. 0.5 be calculated from the sieve analyses
No. 4 to 1-1/2 in. 0.5 of the batches mixed, reducing the
No. 4 to 3 in. 1.0 proportion of material finer than the
No. 4 to 6 in. 2.0 No. 200 sieve by the amount of poz-
zolan included in the batch.
(b) Pozzolan from a single source
meeting the requirements of CRD-C Repeatability
262 will be used as the entire cemen-
titious material in the simulated con- 6. The change in grading of the
c r e t e . All of the pozzolan to be used aggregates due to grinding during
will be processed to remove all parti- concrete mixing as indicated by the
cles coarser than the No. 200 sieve results of the tests of two batches, ex-
(Note). pressed as change in fineness modulus

1
(Issued 1 Mar. 1969)

2 EFFECT OF GRINDING ON GRADING OF AGGREGATES (C 50-69)

of the total aggregate or as change (b) The individual or combined


in fineness modulus of each aggre- samples s h a l l b e s i e v e d o v e r a l l
gate size range included, shall agree sieves coarser than the 1-1/2-in.
within 0.02. sieve that were used in obtaining the
sieve analysis of the aggregates. The
Evaluation material retained on each sieve shall
be washed, dried, and weighed.
7. An aggregate tested as described (c) A weighed sample of approxi-
above will be regarded as likely to mately 25-lb weight of the material
require precautions to compensate finer than the 1-1/2-in. sieve shall
for grinding during mixing, if used in be sieved over all sieves coarser
construction, when the grading of the than No. 4. T h e m a t e r i a l r e t a i n e d o n
total aggregate or any size range each sieve shall be washed, dried,
thereof after mixing, expressed as and weighed.
fineness modulus, is more than 0.04 (d) A weighed sample of approxi-
lower than before mixing or when the mately 2-lb weight of the material
amount of material finer than the No. finer than the No. 4 sieve shall be
2 0 0 s i e v e1 e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t a g e sieved over all sieves finer than No. 4
by weight of the amount of material used in determining fine aggregate
finer than the No. 4 sieve, after mix- grading. The material retained on
ing, is greater than the amount before each sieve shall be washed, dried,
mixing by more than 5.0. and weighed.

Field Method Calculations

Sampling 10. The sieve analysis of the ag-


gregates after mixing shall be calcu-
8. (a) Aggregate.- Samples of fine lated. The sieve analysis of the size
aggregate and of each size range of fractions of coarse aggregate and that
coarse aggregate shall be taken to be portion of the fine aggregate coarser
as representative as possible of the than the No. 200 sieve shall be cal-
aggregates used in the concrete batch culated directly. The total weight of
to be sampled; and shall be tested solid material finer than the No. 200
for sieve analysis in accordance with sieve shall be calculated from deter-
CRD-C 103, including the use of the minations of water content of mortar
No. 200 sieve. made as prescribed in CRD-C 55.
(b) Concrete.- S a m p l e s o f m i x e d The calculation of the portions of the
concrete shall be taken in accord- solid material finer than the No. 200
ance with the applicable provisions sieve that is cementitious material
of CRD-C 55. and aggregate, respectively, will be
based on either the known amounts
Testing included in the batch or on determi-
nations of cement content according
9. (a) If the samples taken as pre- to CRD-C 55 as may be appropriate.
scribed above are to be used for test
according to CRD-C 55 as well as for Precautions
test according to this method, they
should be kept separate and treated 11. It will be noted that the labo-
as prescribed therein as well as being ratory method described in Par. 2
additionally tested to obtain the infor- through 7 contemplates tests on two
mation described below. If tests are batches and prescribes that a l l a g -
desired only according to this method, gregates used in making each batch
the three samples shall be combined be tested for sieve analysis before
and treated as follows. use and that all aggregates in both
batches be tested for sieve analysis
after mixing. It is not regarded as
feasible to employ this procedure in
1
See note to Par. 2(b). the field. Hence the field method as
(Issued 1 Mar. 1969) C 50

EFFECT OF GRINDING ON GRADING OF AGGREGATES (C 50-69) 3

outlined in Par. 8 through 11 provides It is therefore recommended that as


for testing samples of the aggregates many tests as possible be made ac-
before and after mixing. The preci- cording to this method before draw-
sion and accuracy of the field method ing final conclusions regarding the
will therefore be lower than that of effect of grinding during concrete
the laboratory method at least by the mixing on the grading of aggregates
effects of the sampling errors intro- in job-mixed concrete. A minimum
duced both before and after mixing. of six tests is recommended.