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C 126

(Issued 1 June 1963)

CRD-C 126-63

METHOD OF TEST FOR


COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION OF MORTAR

Scope cordance with CRD-C 114 shall be


used in all tests. The proportions to
1. This test method covers the pro- be used are:
cedure for determining the coefficient (a) Cement: 564.0 g.
of linear thermal expansion of mor- (b) Sand: 1,300.0 g.
tars using an extensometer method. (c) Water: 274.6 ml.
The cement used shall be Fed-
Apparatus era1 Specification SS-C 192, Type
II cement (CRD-C 200), and mixing
2. The apparatus used shall con- water shall be tap water. For spe-
sist of: cial tests, proportions may be made
(a) A constant-temperature bath to correspond with the mortar phase
maintained at 140 ± 0.5 F. of a particular concrete mixture by
(b) A constant-temperature bath using the weights of cement, sand,
maintained at a temperature within and water specified in the mixture
the range 34 ± 2 F, the actual tem- design, and using the project type
perature of which shall be determined cement.
to the nearest 0.5 F and shall not
vary more than ± 0.5 F during the Specimens
15-min period in which a specimen
is being cooled therein. 4. The specimens shall be made
(c) A dial-gage extensometer of as follows:
10-in. nominal gage length, and read- (a) The cement shall be placed in
ing accurately to 0.0001 in. (as speci- a stainless metal mixing bowl, the
fied in CRD-C 224 and illustrated in water added, and the paste handmixed
CRD-C 25). for 1/2 min.
(d) A timing device or clock. (b) While continuing the mixing,
(e) Mixing bowl as described in half of the sand shall be added within
CRD-C 219. the next 1/2 min.
(f) Standard metal molds for 1- by (c) The mixing shall be continued
1- by 11-1/2-in. mortar bars as de- and the remainder of the sand blended
scribed in CRD-C 224. in for the next 1-1/2 min.
(g) Curing chamber maintained at (d) Upon completion of mixing, the
7 3 . 4 ± 2 F and 100 per cent relative mortar shall be placed in the metal
humidity. molds specified above, and hand-
(h) Inserts made of invar or other tamped, exercising particular care
metal of negligible thermal expan- in tamping around the metal inserts.
sion. The inserts shall be 1/4 in. in Three 1- by 1- by 11-1/2-in. bars
diameter, 3/4 in. in length, and shall shall be made for each mortar.
extend into the specimen 5/8 in. The (e) The molds containing the mor-
distance between the inner ends of tars shall then be stored at 73.4 ±
the inserts shall be 10 ± 0.1 in. 2 F and 100 per cent relative hu-
midity for a period of 48 hr. They
Materials shall then be stripped and the bars
stored under the same conditions for
3. Samples of sand graded in ac- 5 days.

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(Issued 1 June 1963)

2 COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION OF MORTAR (C 126-63)

Test Procedure Calculations

5. The procedures shall be in ac- 6. The coefficient of thermal ex-


cordance with the requirements of pansion shall be calculated from the
CRD-C 25. The bars shall be tested readings by the use of the following
at an age of 7 days. They shall be formula:
removed from the curing room to a
constant-temperature room main- C = ( RH - Rc )
tained at 73.4 ± 2 F . They shall then G T
be placed in a constant-temperature
bath maintained at 140 ± 0.5 F for a where:
period of 15 min. They shall then C = coefficient of thermal expan-
be removed individually from the bath sion, 10-6 / d e g F ,
and immediately placed in an exten- R H = length reading at 140 F, in. x
someter. The reading of the dial gage 1 0 - 6,
shall be taken within 15 sec after re- R c = l e n g t h r e a d i n g in the range 34 ±
moval from the bath. All bars of a 2 F , i n . x 1 0 - 6,
set shall be so tested. They shall then G = axial gage length between in-
be placed in a constant-temperature serts (10 in.), and
b a t h m a i n t a i n e d a t w i t h i n ± 0.5 F of a T = difference in temperature.
determined temperature in the range
3 4 ± 2 F for 15 min, at which time they The coefficients so determined
shall be tested in the same manner. shall be averaged for all cycles to
The readings shall be taken as quickly give the coefficient of thermal ex-
as possible to minimize any length pansion of the mortar bar, and the
change of the extensometer. Repeated average of the coefficients for the
cycles of tests shall be performed on three individual bars shall be taken
all bars to provide at least 6 readings as the coefficient of thermal expan-
at 140 F and 6 readings at 34 ± 2 F . sion of the mortar, made from the
Readings shall be taken to 0.0001 in. fine aggregate under test.