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Formulario de Clculo Diferencial e Integral Jess Rub M.

Formulario de
Clculo Diferencial
e Integral VER.4.3
Jess Rub Miranda (jesusrubim@yahoo.com)
http://mx.geocities.com/estadisticapapers/
http://mx.geocities.com/dicalculus/
VALOR ABSOLUTO
1 1
1 1
si 0
si 0
y
0 y 0 0


n n
k k
k k
n n
k k
k k
a a
a
a a
a a
a a a a
a a a
ab a b a a
a b a b a a
= =
= =

=

<

=

= =
= =
+ +



EXPONENTES
( )
( )
/
p q p q
p
p q
q
q
p pq
p p p
p p
p
q p q p
a a a
a
a
a
a a
a b a b
a a
b b
a a
+

=
=
=
=

=


=

LOGARITMOS
10
log
log log log
log log log
log log
log ln
log
log ln
log log y log ln
x
a
a a a
a a a
r
a a
b
a
b
e
N x a
MN M N
M
M N
N
N r N
N N
N
a a
N
N N N N
=
= +
=
=
= =
= =
=

ALGUNOS PRODUCTOS
ac ad = + ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
2
2
3 3 2 2 3
3 3 2 2 3
2 2 2 2
2
2
3 3
3 3
2 2 2
a c d
a b a b a b
a b a b a b a ab b
a b a b a b a ab b
x b x d x b d x bd
ax b cx d acx ad bc x bd
a b c d ac ad bc bd
a b a a b ab b
a b a a b ab b
a b c a b c ab ac bc
+
+ =
+ + = + = + +
= = +
+ + = + + +
+ + = + + +
+ + = + + +
+ = + + +
= +
+ + = + + + + +
1
1

n
n k k n n
k
a b a ab b a b
a b a a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b ab b a b
a b a b a b n

=
+ + =
+ + + =
+ + + + =

=



( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2 3 3
3 2 2 3 4 4
4 3 2 2 3 4 5 5
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2 3 3
3 2 2 3 4 4
4 3 2 2 3 4 5 5
5 4 3 2 2 3 4 5 6 6
a b a ab b a b
a b a a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b a b ab b a b
+ + = +
+ + =
+ + + = +
+ + + =

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1
1
1 1
1
1 impar
1 par
n
k n k k n n
k
n
k n k k n n
k
a b a b a b n
a b a b a b n
+
=
+
=

+ = +



+ =


SUMAS Y PRODUCTOS
n
( )
( )
1 2
1
1
1 1
1 1 1
1 0
n k
k
n
k
n n
k k
k k
n n n
k k k k
k k k
n
k k n
k
a a a a
c nc
ca c a
a b a b
a a a a
=
=
= =
= = =

=
+ + + =
=
=
+ = +
=

( )
1

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1
1
2
1
2 3 2
1
3 4 3 2
1
4 5 4 3
1
2
1
1 2 1
2
=
2
1
1 1
1
2
1
2 3
6
1
2
4
1
6 15 10
30
1 3 5 2 1
!
n
k
n n
k
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
a k d a n d
n
a l
r a rl
ar a
r r
k n n
k n n n
k n n n
k n n n n
n n
n k
n n
k
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
+ = +

+

= =

= +
= + +
= + +
= + +
+ + + + =
=

=


( )
( )
0
!
,
! !
n
n n k k
k
k n
n k k
n
x y x y
k


+ =


( )
1 2
1 2 1 2
1 2
!
! ! !
k
n n n n
k k
k
n
x x x x x x
n n n
+ + + =

CONSTANTES
9 3.1415926535
2.71828182846 e
=
=

TRIGONOMETRA
1
sen csc
sen
1
cos sec
cos
sen 1
tg ctg
cos tg
CO
HIP
CA
HIP
CO
CA



= =
= =
= = =

radianes=180



CA
CO
HIP



sen cos tg ctg sec csc
0

0 1 0 1
30

12
3 2 1 3 3 2 3 2
45

1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2
60

3 2
12 3 1 3 2 2 3
90

1 0 0 1
[ ]
[ ]
sen ,
2 2
cos 0,
tg ,
2 2
1
ctg tg 0,
1
sec cos 0,
1
csc sen ,
2 2
y x y
y x y
y x y
y x y
x
y x y
x
y x y
x



=


=
=
= =
= =

= =



Grfica1. Las funciones trigonomtricas: senx ,
cosx , tgx :
-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
sen x
cos x
tg x

Grfica2. Las funciones trigonomtricas cscx ,
secx , ctgx :
-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
csc x
sec x
ctg x

Grfica3. Las funciones trigonomtricas inversas
arcsenx , arccosx , arctgx :
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
arc sen x
arc cos x
arc tg x

Grfica4. Las funciones trigonomtricas inversas
arcctgx , arcsecx , arccscx :
-5 0 5
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
arc ctg x
arc sec x
arc csc x

IDENTIDADES TRIGONOMTRICAS
2
cos 1
2
2 2
2 2
sen
1 ctg csc
tg 1 sec


+ =
+ =
+ =

( )
( )
( )
sen sen
cos cos
tg tg



=
=
=

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
sen 2 sen
cos 2 cos
tg 2 tg
sen sen
cos cos
tg tg
sen 1 sen
cos 1 cos
tg tg
n
n
n
n
n









+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
sen 0
cos 1
tg 0
2 1
sen 1
2
2 1
cos 0
2
2 1
tg
2
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n

=
=
=
+
=


+
=


+
=



sen cos
2
cos sen
2



=



= +



( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
2
2
2
sen sen cos cos sen
cos cos cos sen sen
tg tg
tg
1 tg tg
sen2 2sen cos
cos2 cos sen
2tg
tg2
1 tg
1
sen 1 cos2
2
1
cos 1 cos2
2
1 cos2
tg
1 cos2






=
=

=
=
=
=

=
= +

=
+


( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1
sen sen 2sen cos
2 2
1 1
sen sen 2sen cos
2 2
1 1
cos cos 2cos cos
2 2
1 1
cos cos 2sen sen
2 2




+ = +
= +
+ = +
= +

( ) sen
tg tg
cos cos



( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1
sen cos sen sen
2
1
sen sen cos cos
2
1
cos cos cos cos
2



= + +

= +

= + +


tg tg
tg tg
ctg ctg



+
=
+

FUNCIONES HIPERBLICAS
senh
2
cosh
2
senh
tgh
cosh
1
ctgh
tgh
1 2
sech
cosh
1 2
csch
senh
x x
x x
x
x
x x
x x
x x
x
e e
x
x e e
x
x e e
e e
x
x e e
x
x x
e e
x
x
x e e
x
x e e

=
+
=

= =
+
+
= =

= =
+
= =


[
{ }
]
{ } { }
senh:
cosh: 1,
tgh: 1,1
ctgh: 0 , 1 1,
sech: 0,1
csch: 0 0



Grfica5. Las funciones hiperblicas senhx ,
coshx , tghx :
-5 0 5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
senh x
cosh x
tgh x

FUNCIONES HIPERBLICAS INV
( )
( )
1 2
1 2
1
1
2
1
2
1
senh ln 1 ,
cosh ln 1 , 1
1 1
tgh ln , 1
2 1
1 1
ctgh ln , 1
2 1
1 1
sech ln , 0 1
1 1
csch ln , 0
x x x x
x x x x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x x

= + +
=
+
= <


+
= >




= <



+
= +



Formulario de Clculo Diferencial e Integral Jess Rub M.

IDENTIDADES DE FUNCS HIP
2 2
senh 1 x x
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
cosh
1 tgh sech
ctgh 1 csch
senh senh
cosh cosh
tgh tgh
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
=
=
=
=
=
=

( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
senh senh cosh cosh senh
cosh cosh cosh senh senh
tgh tgh
tgh
1 tgh tgh
senh2 2senh cosh
cosh2 cosh senh
2tgh
tgh2
1 tgh
x y x y x y
x y x y x y
x y
x y
x y
x x x
x x x
x
x
x
=
=

=
= +
=
+

( )
( )
2
2
2
1
senh cosh2 1
2
1
cosh cosh2 1
2
cosh2 1
tgh
cosh2 1
x x
x x
x
x
x
=
= +

=
+

senh2
tgh
cosh2 1
x
x
x
=
+

cosh senh
cosh senh
x
x
e x x
e x x

= +
=

OTRAS
( ) ( )
2
2
2
0
4

2
4 discriminante
exp cos sen si ,
ax bx c
b b ac
x
a
b ac
i e i


+ + =

=
=
=

LMITES
( )
1
0
0
0
0
1
lim1 2.71828...
1
lim 1
sen
lim 1
1 cos
lim 0
1
lim 1
1
lim 1
ln
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x e
e
x
x
x
x
x
e
x
x
x

+ = =

+ =


=

=

DERIVADAS
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
0 0
1
lim lim
0
x
x x
n n
f x x f x df y
D f x
dx x x
d
c
dx
d
cx c
dx
d
cx ncx
dx
d du dv dw
u v w
dx dx dx dx
d du
cu c
dx dx

+
= = =

=
=
=
=
=


( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
1 n n
d dv du
uv u v
dx dx dx
d dw dv du
uvw uv uw vw
dx dx dx dx
v du dx u dv dx d u
dx v v
d du
u nu
dx dx

= +
= + +


=


=

( )
( )
( )
( )
1 2
1 2
(RegladelaCadena)
1
donde
dF dF du
dx du dx
du
dx dx du
dF du dF
dx dx du
x f t f t dy dt dy
dx dx dt f t y f t
=
=
=
=

= =

=


DERIVADA DE FUNCS LOG & EXP
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1
ln
log
log
log
log 0, 1
ln
ln
a
a
u u
u u
v v v
d du dx du
u
dx u u dx
d e du
u
dx u dx
e d du
u a
dx u dx
d du
e e
dx dx
d du
a a a
dx dx
d du dv
u vu u u
dx dx dx

= =
=
= >
=
=
= +
a

DERIVADA DE FUNCIONES TRIGO
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
sen cos
cos sen
tg sec
ctg csc
sec sec tg
csc csc ctg
vers sen
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

DERIV DE FUNCS TRIGO INVER
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
sen
1
1
cos
1
1
tg
1
1
ctg
1
si 1 1
sec
si 1
1
si 1 1
csc
si 1
1
1
vers
2
d du
u
dx dx
u
d du
u
dx dx
u
d du
u
dx u dx
d du
u
dx u dx
u d du
u
u dx dx
u u
u d du
u
u dx dx
u u
d du
u
dx dx
u u
=

=
+
=
+
+ >
=

<

>
=

+ <

=


DERIVADA DE FUNCS HIPERBLICAS
2
2
senh cosh
cosh senh
tgh sech
ctgh csch
sech sech tgh
csch csch ctgh
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
=
=
=
=
=
=
d du

DERIVADA DE FUNCS HIP INV
1
2
-1
1
-1 2
1
2
1
2
1
1
1 2
senh
1
si cosh 0 1
cosh , 1
si cosh 0 1
1
tgh , 1
1
1
ctgh , 1
1
si sech 0, 0,1
1
sech
si sech 0, 0,1 1
u
dx dx
u
u d du
u u
dx dx u u
d du
u u
dx u dx
d du
u u
dx u dx
u u
d du
u
dx dx u u u u

=
+
+ >
= >

<
= <

= >

>

=

+ <

1 d du
1
2
1
csch , 0
1
d du
u u
dx dx
u u

=
+

INTEGRALES DEFINIDAS, PROPIEDADES
{ } ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) [ ]
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) [ ]
( ) ( )

0
, , ,
,
si
a a a
b b
a a
b c b
a a c
b a
a b
a
a
b
a
b b
a a
b b
a a
b b b
f x g x dx f x dx g x dx
cf x dx c f x dx c
f x dx f x dx f x dx
f x dx f x dx
f x dx
m b a f x dx M b a
m f x M x a b m M
f x dx g x dx
f x g x x a b
f x dx f x dx a b
=
=
= +
=
=


<




INTEGRALES
( ) ( )
( )
( )
1
Integracin por partes
1
1
ln
n
n
adx ax
af x dx a f x dx
u v w dx udx vdx wdx
udv uv vdu
u
u du n
n
du
u
u
+
=
=
=
=
=
+
=



INTEGRALES DE FUNCS LOG & EXP
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
2
0
1 ln
1
ln ln
1
ln ln ln 1
1
log ln ln 1
ln ln
log 2log 1
4
ln 2ln 1
4
u u
u
u
u
u
u u
a
a a
e du e
a a
a du
a a
a
ua du u
a a
ue du e u
udu u u u u u
u
udu u u u u
a a
u
u udu u
u
u udu u
=
>
=


=


=
= =
= =
=
=


INTEGRALES DE FUNCS TRIGO
u u
2
2
sen cos
cos sen
sec tg
csc ctg
sec tg sec
csc ctg csc
ud
udu u
udu u
udu u
u udu u
u udu u
=
=
=
=
=
=


tg lncos lnsec
ctg lnsen
sec lnsec tg
csc lncsc ctg
udu u u
udu u
udu u u
udu u u
= =
=
= +
=


( )
2
2
2
2
1
sen sen2
2 4
1
cos sen2
2 4
tg tg
ctg ctg
u
udu u
u
udu u
udu u u
udu u u
=
= +
=
= +


sen sen cos
cos cos sen
u udu u u u

u udu u u u
=
= +

INTEGRALES DE FUNCS TRIGO INV


( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
sen sen 1
cos cos 1
tg tg ln 1
ctg ctg ln 1
sec sec ln 1
sec cosh
csc csc ln 1
csc cosh
udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u u
u u u
udu u u u u
u u u
= +
=
= +
= + +
= +
=
= + +
= +


INTEGRALES DE FUNCS HIP
coshu =
2
2
senh
cosh senh
sech tgh
csch ctgh
sech tgh sech
csch ctgh csch
udu
udu u
udu u
udu u
u udu u
u udu u
=
=
=
=
=


( )
( )
1
tgh lncosh
ctgh lnsenh
sech tg senh
csch ctgh cosh
1
lntgh
2
udu u
udu u
udu u
udu u
u

=
=
=
=
=


INTEGRALES DE FRAC
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
tg
1
ctg
1
ln
2
1
ln
2
du
u a a a
u
a a
du u a
u a
u a a u a
du a u
u a
a u a a u
=
+
=

= >
+
+
= <

1 u

INTEGRALES CON
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
sen
cos
ln
1
ln
1
cos
1
sec
sen
2 2
ln
2 2
du u
a
a u
u
a
du
u u a
u a
du u
a
u a u a a u
du a
a u
u u a
u
a a
u a u
a u du a u
a
u a
u a du u a u u a
=

=
= +

=
+
=

=
= +
= +


MS INTEGRALES
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
sen cos
sen
cos sen
cos
au
au
au
e a bu b bu
e bu du
a b
e a bu b bu
e bu du
a b

=
+
+
=
+

au

ALGUNAS SERIES
( ) ( ) ( )( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
0 0
0 0 0
0 0
2
2 3
3 5 7 2 1
1
2 4 6
''
'
2!
: Taylor
!
'' 0
0 ' 0
2!
0
: Maclaurin
!
1
2! 3! !
sen 1
3! 5! 7! 2 1!
cos 1
2! 4!
n n
n n
n
x
n
n
f x x x
f x f x f x x x
f x x x
n
f x
f x f f x
f x
n
x x x
e x
n
x x x x
x x
n
x x x
x

= + +

+ +
= + +
+ +
= + + + + + +
= + + +

= +

( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2
1
2 3 4
1
3 5 7 2 1
1
1
6! 2 2 !
ln 1 1
2 3 4
tg 1
3 5 7 2 1
n
n
n
n
n
n
x
n
x x x x
x x
n
x x x x
x x
n

+ +

+ = + + +
= + + +








Formulario de Clculo Diferencial e Integral Jess Rub M.
LGEBRA LINEAL
Def. El determinante de una matriz

11 12
21 22
a a
A
a a

=


est dado por

11 12
11 22 12 21
21 22
det .
a a
A a a a a
a a
= =
Def. El determinante de una matriz

11 12 13
21 22 23
31 32 33
a a a
A a a a
a a a


=



est dado por

11 22 33 12 23 31 11 12 13
13 21 32 11 23 32 21 22 23
31 32 33 12 21 33 13 22 31
det .
a a a a a a a a a
a a a a a a A a a a
a a a a a a a a a
+
+ = =