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# Formulario de Clculo Diferencial e Integral Jess Rub M.

Formulario de
Clculo Diferencial
e Integral VER.4.3
Jess Rub Miranda (jesusrubim@yahoo.com)
http://mx.geocities.com/dicalculus/
VALOR ABSOLUTO
1 1
1 1
si 0
si 0
y
0 y 0 0

n n
k k
k k
n n
k k
k k
a a
a
a a
a a
a a a a
a a a
ab a b a a
a b a b a a
= =
= =

=

<

=

= =
= =
+ +

EXPONENTES
( )
( )
/
p q p q
p
p q
q
q
p pq
p p p
p p
p
q p q p
a a a
a
a
a
a a
a b a b
a a
b b
a a
+

=
=
=
=

=

=

LOGARITMOS
10
log
log log log
log log log
log log
log ln
log
log ln
log log y log ln
x
a
a a a
a a a
r
a a
b
a
b
e
N x a
MN M N
M
M N
N
N r N
N N
N
a a
N
N N N N
=
= +
=
=
= =
= =
=

ALGUNOS PRODUCTOS
ac ad = + ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
2
2
3 3 2 2 3
3 3 2 2 3
2 2 2 2
2
2
3 3
3 3
2 2 2
a c d
a b a b a b
a b a b a b a ab b
a b a b a b a ab b
x b x d x b d x bd
ax b cx d acx ad bc x bd
a b c d ac ad bc bd
a b a a b ab b
a b a a b ab b
a b c a b c ab ac bc
+
+ =
+ + = + = + +
= = +
+ + = + + +
+ + = + + +
+ + = + + +
+ = + + +
= +
+ + = + + + + +
1
1

n
n k k n n
k
a b a ab b a b
a b a a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b ab b a b
a b a b a b n

=
+ + =
+ + + =
+ + + + =

=

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2 3 3
3 2 2 3 4 4
4 3 2 2 3 4 5 5
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2 3 3
3 2 2 3 4 4
4 3 2 2 3 4 5 5
5 4 3 2 2 3 4 5 6 6
a b a ab b a b
a b a a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b ab b a b
a b a a b a b a b ab b a b
+ + = +
+ + =
+ + + = +
+ + + =

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1
1
1 1
1
1 impar
1 par
n
k n k k n n
k
n
k n k k n n
k
a b a b a b n
a b a b a b n
+
=
+
=

+ = +

+ =

SUMAS Y PRODUCTOS
n
( )
( )
1 2
1
1
1 1
1 1 1
1 0
n k
k
n
k
n n
k k
k k
n n n
k k k k
k k k
n
k k n
k
a a a a
c nc
ca c a
a b a b
a a a a
=
=
= =
= = =

=
+ + + =
=
=
+ = +
=

( )
1

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1
1
2
1
2 3 2
1
3 4 3 2
1
4 5 4 3
1
2
1
1 2 1
2
=
2
1
1 1
1
2
1
2 3
6
1
2
4
1
6 15 10
30
1 3 5 2 1
!
n
k
n n
k
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
k
n
a k d a n d
n
a l
r a rl
ar a
r r
k n n
k n n n
k n n n
k n n n n
n n
n k
n n
k
=

=
=
=
=
=
=
+ = +

+

= =

= +
= + +
= + +
= + +
+ + + + =
=

=

( )
( )
0
!
,
! !
n
n n k k
k
k n
n k k
n
x y x y
k

+ =

( )
1 2
1 2 1 2
1 2
!
! ! !
k
n n n n
k k
k
n
x x x x x x
n n n
+ + + =

CONSTANTES
9 3.1415926535
2.71828182846 e
=
=

TRIGONOMETRA
1
sen csc
sen
1
cos sec
cos
sen 1
tg ctg
cos tg
CO
HIP
CA
HIP
CO
CA

= =
= =
= = =

CA
CO
HIP

sen cos tg ctg sec csc
0

0 1 0 1
30

12
3 2 1 3 3 2 3 2
45

1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2
60

3 2
12 3 1 3 2 2 3
90

1 0 0 1
[ ]
[ ]
sen ,
2 2
cos 0,
tg ,
2 2
1
ctg tg 0,
1
sec cos 0,
1
csc sen ,
2 2
y x y
y x y
y x y
y x y
x
y x y
x
y x y
x

=

=
=
= =
= =

= =

Grfica1. Las funciones trigonomtricas: senx ,
cosx , tgx :
-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
sen x
cos x
tg x

Grfica2. Las funciones trigonomtricas cscx ,
secx , ctgx :
-8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8
-2.5
-2
-1.5
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
csc x
sec x
ctg x

Grfica3. Las funciones trigonomtricas inversas
arcsenx , arccosx , arctgx :
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
arc sen x
arc cos x
arc tg x

Grfica4. Las funciones trigonomtricas inversas
arcctgx , arcsecx , arccscx :
-5 0 5
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
arc ctg x
arc sec x
arc csc x

2
cos 1
2
2 2
2 2
sen
1 ctg csc
tg 1 sec

+ =
+ =
+ =

( )
( )
( )
sen sen
cos cos
tg tg

=
=
=

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
sen 2 sen
cos 2 cos
tg 2 tg
sen sen
cos cos
tg tg
sen 1 sen
cos 1 cos
tg tg
n
n
n
n
n

+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
sen 0
cos 1
tg 0
2 1
sen 1
2
2 1
cos 0
2
2 1
tg
2
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n

=
=
=
+
=

+
=

+
=

sen cos
2
cos sen
2

=

= +

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
2
2
2
sen sen cos cos sen
cos cos cos sen sen
tg tg
tg
1 tg tg
sen2 2sen cos
cos2 cos sen
2tg
tg2
1 tg
1
sen 1 cos2
2
1
cos 1 cos2
2
1 cos2
tg
1 cos2

=
=

=
=
=
=

=
= +

=
+

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1 1
sen sen 2sen cos
2 2
1 1
sen sen 2sen cos
2 2
1 1
cos cos 2cos cos
2 2
1 1
cos cos 2sen sen
2 2

+ = +
= +
+ = +
= +

( ) sen
tg tg
cos cos

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1
sen cos sen sen
2
1
sen sen cos cos
2
1
cos cos cos cos
2

= + +

= +

= + +

tg tg
tg tg
ctg ctg

+
=
+

FUNCIONES HIPERBLICAS
senh
2
cosh
2
senh
tgh
cosh
1
ctgh
tgh
1 2
sech
cosh
1 2
csch
senh
x x
x x
x
x
x x
x x
x x
x
e e
x
x e e
x
x e e
e e
x
x e e
x
x x
e e
x
x
x e e
x
x e e

=
+
=

= =
+
+
= =

= =
+
= =

[
{ }
]
{ } { }
senh:
cosh: 1,
tgh: 1,1
ctgh: 0 , 1 1,
sech: 0,1
csch: 0 0

Grfica5. Las funciones hiperblicas senhx ,
coshx , tghx :
-5 0 5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
senh x
cosh x
tgh x

FUNCIONES HIPERBLICAS INV
( )
( )
1 2
1 2
1
1
2
1
2
1
senh ln 1 ,
cosh ln 1 , 1
1 1
tgh ln , 1
2 1
1 1
ctgh ln , 1
2 1
1 1
sech ln , 0 1
1 1
csch ln , 0
x x x x
x x x x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x
x
x x
x x

= + +
=
+
= <

+
= >

= <

+
= +

Formulario de Clculo Diferencial e Integral Jess Rub M.

2 2
senh 1 x x
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
cosh
1 tgh sech
ctgh 1 csch
senh senh
cosh cosh
tgh tgh
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
=
=
=
=
=
=

( )
( )
( )
2 2
2
senh senh cosh cosh senh
cosh cosh cosh senh senh
tgh tgh
tgh
1 tgh tgh
senh2 2senh cosh
cosh2 cosh senh
2tgh
tgh2
1 tgh
x y x y x y
x y x y x y
x y
x y
x y
x x x
x x x
x
x
x
=
=

=
= +
=
+

( )
( )
2
2
2
1
senh cosh2 1
2
1
cosh cosh2 1
2
cosh2 1
tgh
cosh2 1
x x
x x
x
x
x
=
= +

=
+

senh2
tgh
cosh2 1
x
x
x
=
+

cosh senh
cosh senh
x
x
e x x
e x x

= +
=

OTRAS
( ) ( )
2
2
2
0
4

2
4 discriminante
exp cos sen si ,
ax bx c
b b ac
x
a
b ac
i e i

+ + =

=
=
=

LMITES
( )
1
0
0
0
0
1
lim1 2.71828...
1
lim 1
sen
lim 1
1 cos
lim 0
1
lim 1
1
lim 1
ln
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x e
e
x
x
x
x
x
e
x
x
x

+ = =

+ =

=

=

( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
0 0
1
lim lim
0
x
x x
n n
f x x f x df y
D f x
dx x x
d
c
dx
d
cx c
dx
d
cx ncx
dx
d du dv dw
u v w
dx dx dx dx
d du
cu c
dx dx

+
= = =

=
=
=
=
=

( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
1 n n
d dv du
uv u v
dx dx dx
d dw dv du
uvw uv uw vw
dx dx dx dx
v du dx u dv dx d u
dx v v
d du
u nu
dx dx

= +
= + +

=

=

( )
( )
( )
( )
1 2
1 2
1
donde
dF dF du
dx du dx
du
dx dx du
dF du dF
dx dx du
x f t f t dy dt dy
dx dx dt f t y f t
=
=
=
=

= =

=

DERIVADA DE FUNCS LOG & EXP
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1
ln
log
log
log
log 0, 1
ln
ln
a
a
u u
u u
v v v
d du dx du
u
dx u u dx
d e du
u
dx u dx
e d du
u a
dx u dx
d du
e e
dx dx
d du
a a a
dx dx
d du dv
u vu u u
dx dx dx

= =
=
= >
=
=
= +
a

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
sen cos
cos sen
tg sec
ctg csc
sec sec tg
csc csc ctg
vers sen
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

DERIV DE FUNCS TRIGO INVER
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
sen
1
1
cos
1
1
tg
1
1
ctg
1
si 1 1
sec
si 1
1
si 1 1
csc
si 1
1
1
vers
2
d du
u
dx dx
u
d du
u
dx dx
u
d du
u
dx u dx
d du
u
dx u dx
u d du
u
u dx dx
u u
u d du
u
u dx dx
u u
d du
u
dx dx
u u
=

=
+
=
+
+ >
=

<

>
=

+ <

=

2
2
senh cosh
cosh senh
tgh sech
ctgh csch
sech sech tgh
csch csch ctgh
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
d du
u u u
dx dx
=
=
=
=
=
=
d du

1
2
-1
1
-1 2
1
2
1
2
1
1
1 2
senh
1
si cosh 0 1
cosh , 1
si cosh 0 1
1
tgh , 1
1
1
ctgh , 1
1
si sech 0, 0,1
1
sech
si sech 0, 0,1 1
u
dx dx
u
u d du
u u
dx dx u u
d du
u u
dx u dx
d du
u u
dx u dx
u u
d du
u
dx dx u u u u

=
+
+ >
= >

<
= <

= >

>

=

+ <

1 d du
1
2
1
csch , 0
1
d du
u u
dx dx
u u

=
+

{ } ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) [ ]
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) [ ]
( ) ( )

0
, , ,
,
si
a a a
b b
a a
b c b
a a c
b a
a b
a
a
b
a
b b
a a
b b
a a
b b b
f x g x dx f x dx g x dx
cf x dx c f x dx c
f x dx f x dx f x dx
f x dx f x dx
f x dx
m b a f x dx M b a
m f x M x a b m M
f x dx g x dx
f x g x x a b
f x dx f x dx a b
=
=
= +
=
=

<

INTEGRALES
( ) ( )
( )
( )
1
Integracin por partes
1
1
ln
n
n
af x dx a f x dx
u v w dx udx vdx wdx
udv uv vdu
u
u du n
n
du
u
u
+
=
=
=
=
=
+
=

INTEGRALES DE FUNCS LOG & EXP
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
2
0
1 ln
1
ln ln
1
ln ln ln 1
1
log ln ln 1
ln ln
log 2log 1
4
ln 2ln 1
4
u u
u
u
u
u
u u
a
a a
e du e
a a
a du
a a
a
ua du u
a a
ue du e u
udu u u u u u
u
udu u u u u
a a
u
u udu u
u
u udu u
=
>
=

=

=
= =
= =
=
=

INTEGRALES DE FUNCS TRIGO
u u
2
2
sen cos
cos sen
sec tg
csc ctg
sec tg sec
csc ctg csc
ud
udu u
udu u
udu u
u udu u
u udu u
=
=
=
=
=
=

tg lncos lnsec
ctg lnsen
sec lnsec tg
csc lncsc ctg
udu u u
udu u
udu u u
udu u u
= =
=
= +
=

( )
2
2
2
2
1
sen sen2
2 4
1
cos sen2
2 4
tg tg
ctg ctg
u
udu u
u
udu u
udu u u
udu u u
=
= +
=
= +

sen sen cos
cos cos sen
u udu u u u

u udu u u u
=
= +

## INTEGRALES DE FUNCS TRIGO INV

( )
( )
2
2
2
2
2
2
sen sen 1
cos cos 1
tg tg ln 1
ctg ctg ln 1
sec sec ln 1
sec cosh
csc csc ln 1
csc cosh
udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u
udu u u u u
u u u
udu u u u u
u u u
= +
=
= +
= + +
= +
=
= + +
= +

INTEGRALES DE FUNCS HIP
coshu =
2
2
senh
cosh senh
sech tgh
csch ctgh
sech tgh sech
csch ctgh csch
udu
udu u
udu u
udu u
u udu u
u udu u
=
=
=
=
=

( )
( )
1
tgh lncosh
ctgh lnsenh
sech tg senh
csch ctgh cosh
1
lntgh
2
udu u
udu u
udu u
udu u
u

=
=
=
=
=

INTEGRALES DE FRAC
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
tg
1
ctg
1
ln
2
1
ln
2
du
u a a a
u
a a
du u a
u a
u a a u a
du a u
u a
a u a a u
=
+
=

= >
+
+
= <

1 u

INTEGRALES CON
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2 2 2
2 2
2
2 2 2 2
2
2 2 2 2 2 2
sen
cos
ln
1
ln
1
cos
1
sec
sen
2 2
ln
2 2
du u
a
a u
u
a
du
u u a
u a
du u
a
u a u a a u
du a
a u
u u a
u
a a
u a u
a u du a u
a
u a
u a du u a u u a
=

=
= +

=
+
=

=
= +
= +

MS INTEGRALES
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
sen cos
sen
cos sen
cos
au
au
au
e a bu b bu
e bu du
a b
e a bu b bu
e bu du
a b

=
+
+
=
+

au

ALGUNAS SERIES
( ) ( ) ( )( )
( )( )
( )
( )( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
2
0 0
0 0 0
0 0
2
2 3
3 5 7 2 1
1
2 4 6
''
'
2!
: Taylor
!
'' 0
0 ' 0
2!
0
: Maclaurin
!
1
2! 3! !
sen 1
3! 5! 7! 2 1!
cos 1
2! 4!
n n
n n
n
x
n
n
f x x x
f x f x f x x x
f x x x
n
f x
f x f f x
f x
n
x x x
e x
n
x x x x
x x
n
x x x
x

= + +

+ +
= + +
+ +
= + + + + + +
= + + +

= +

( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2
1
2 3 4
1
3 5 7 2 1
1
1
6! 2 2 !
ln 1 1
2 3 4
tg 1
3 5 7 2 1
n
n
n
n
n
n
x
n
x x x x
x x
n
x x x x
x x
n

+ +

+ = + + +
= + + +

Formulario de Clculo Diferencial e Integral Jess Rub M.
LGEBRA LINEAL
Def. El determinante de una matriz

11 12
21 22
a a
A
a a

=

11 12
11 22 12 21
21 22
det .
a a
A a a a a
a a
= =
Def. El determinante de una matriz

11 12 13
21 22 23
31 32 33
a a a
A a a a
a a a

=