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The Energy Budget

Global Energy Consumption Normalized (1950-2000)
Year Oil
PW*hrs

In 2001 you are elected Energy Czar of the
planet. Your job is to manage the planet's
remaining non-renewable energy resources
and project how new energy resources
will be utilized.

1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1971
Guidelines for the Game
1972
1. You are appointed to the position for
1973
life. Thus, you are in charge of how the
1974
resources will be spent until the year
1975
2040. Warning: If your budgeting or
1976
policies turn out to be too wildly unpopular,
1977
you can be unseated. (Consult recent
1978
articles pertaining to Energy in Albania.)
1979
1980
2. Certain energy resources come in limited
1981
supplies on the planet Earth. You may not
1982
overspend these resources.
1983
Estimated Amount of Remaining
1984
Non-Renewable Resources
1985
Oil: 670 PW*Hrs
1986
Gas: 450 PW*Hrs
1987
Coal: 53,600 PW*Hrs
1988
1989
Sources: Kraushaar/Ristinen "Energy and Problems
1990
of a Technical Society" 1993 and Scientific American, March 1998.
1991
3. You may increase without limit the
1992
amount of energy being created by Nuclear,
1993
Wind, and Solar Power. However, it may
1994
cost you.
1995
You may add a total of 0.5 PW*hrs per year
1996
in new energy sources without serious cost
1997
to the global economy. If you go above
1998
0.5 PW*hrs in new sources in one year,
1999est
you must pay an equivalent of 0.25% for
2000est
every additional 0.5 PW*hrs.
4. Population growth:
The human race currently has an annual
growth rate of 1.8%. This is equal to a
fertility rate of about 2.7 children per
woman (i.e. for every one hundred women,
270 children will be born to them in their
collective lifetimes).
You may raise or lower this birthrate by
changing the average family size as follows:
3.1 kids/woman = 3.5%

Year
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

3.64
5.38
7.36
10.59
16.01
16.92
17.89
19.51
19.68
18.67
20.37
20.98
21.22
21.92
20.89
19.51
18.56
18.39
18.96
18.67
19.47
19.33
20.22
20.48
20.75
20.55
21.05
20.75
20.96
21.19
21.72
22.19
22.17
22.37
22.60

Oil

Gas

Coal

Nuclear
Wind

PW*hrs

PW*hrs

PW*hrs

1.31
2.08
3.22
4.66
7.20
7.76
8.21
8.71
8.85
8.89
9.27
9.51
9.79
10.49
10.21
10.47
10.40
10.45
11.41
11.88
12.16
12.73
13.34
13.77
14.11
14.36
14.36
14.68
14.78
15.26
15.96
15.88
16.11
16.60
17.21

Gas
15.00
15.00
15.00
15.00
15.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00
16.00

11.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00

6.21
7.34
8.92
9.12
9.54
9.51
9.51
9.92
10.07
10.18
10.71
11.10
11.34
11.80
11.99
12.16
12.29
12.66
13.18
13.90
14.05
14.48
15.32
15.37
14.81
14.56
14.73
14.64
14.71
14.93
15.46
15.33
15.01
14.52
14.40

Coal
1500.00
1500.00
1500.00
1500.00
1500.00
1500.00
1300.00
1300.00
1000.00
1000.00
1000.00
1000.00

0.00
0.00
0.01
0.04
0.14
0.21
0.28
0.39
0.53
0.62
0.74
0.87
1.00
1.06
1.18
1.36
1.49
1.66
1.92
2.19
2.42
2.60
2.72
2.80
2.87
2.85
2.86
2.94
2.96
2.98
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.02
3.10

PW*hrs

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.08
0.11
0.18

Nuclear
Wind
3.15
3.20
3.25
3.30
3.35
3.40
3.45
3.50
3.55
3.60
3.65
3.70

0.18
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.50
0.55
0.60
0.65
0.70

30 1.00 1500.00 1000.60 1.00 11.00 10.00 16.00 1000.00 16.00 10.00 1000.00 15.00 11.00 16.00 1000.00 16.00 1500.80 1.35 1.90 0.00 15.80 3.10 4.85 3.00 Column H Column G 500.3 kids/woman = 0.00 1000.00 5.00 15.90 4.00 16.00 16.00 15.00 15.90 3.65 4.25 1.9 kids/woman = -0.00 Column F 0.00 2.75 1.50 4.75 4.00 11.90 1.00 15.10 Gas Coal Nuclear Wind 424 47100 Year Global Population 3.75 0.00 1000.00 15.9% 2.00 1000.05 4.00 15.00 16.00 1000.00 11.30 4.00 1500.00 11.00 1000.85 1.70 4. your 2040 population growth rate goal is set at: 1.00 11.00 16.70 1.85 0.00 16.00 1000.20 4.50 1.00 1000.00 11.00 16.00 16.00 11.199 PW*hrs Human Energy Consumption 2000.3% 2.05 1.00 1500.00 11.00 12.) Global Cost 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 11111111111111111111111111111122222222222222222222222222222222222 99999999999999999999999999999900000000000000000000000000000000000 55667777777777888888888899999900000000011111111112222222222333333 05050123456789012345678901234512345678901234567890123456789012345 Year 0.S.00 15.20 1.75 3.00 1000.00 16.00 11.00 11.00 1000.00 11.00 Remember your limits: People (Millions) 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 11111111111111111111111111111122222222222222222222222222222222222 99999999999999999999999999999900000000000000000000000000000000000 55667777777777888888888899999900000000011111111112222222222333333 05050123456789012345678901234512345678901234567890123456789012345 Year Cost (Billion $U.00 Oil 623 10.600 PW*Hrs .00 1500.00 1500.00 1000.00 15.05 2.45 4.95 4.00 1000.80% Or a 2040 Population of: 12.35 4.00 16.00 1000.55 4.00 15.00 1000.15 4.00 10.80 0.00 11.937.7 kids/woman = 2.00 1000.95 1.00 1000.10 Oil: 670 PW*Hrs Gas: 450 PW*Hrs Coal: 53.00 11.396.55 1.00 11.00 1500.00 12.65 1.00 10.00 Column E 11111111111111111111111111111122222222222222222222222222222222222 Column D 99999999999999999999999999999900000000000000000000000000000000000 55667777777777888888888899999900000000011111111112222222222333333 Column C 05050123456789012345678901234512345678901234567890123456789012345 Year 1000.25 4.00 1000.40 4.2.00 11.00 1.45 1.5 kids/woman = 1.05 5.30 16.00 16.80 4.00 11.15 1.7% 2.00 KW*hrs per person Per Capita Energy 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 11111111111111111111111111111122222222222222222222222222222222222 99999999999999999999999999999900000000000000000000000000000000000 55667777777777888888888899999900000000011111111112222222222333333 05050123456789012345678901234512345678901234567890123456789012345 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 16.85 4.00 11.0% 2.00 1000.95 2.00 1500.40 1.1 kids/woman = no growth 1.95 5.9 kids/woman = 2.00 4.00 15.4% Currently.00 11.00 10.10 1.00 10.60 4.

S.) Global Cost 350000 300000 250000 200000 150000 100000 50000 0 11111111111111111111111111111122222222222222222222222222222222222 99999999999999999999999999999900000000000000000000000000000000000 55667777777777888888888899999900000000011111111112222222222333333 05050123456789012345678901234512345678901234567890123456789012345 Year .Cost (Billion $U.

01 0.15 -48000 0.604 6759.00 0.62 52.80 1528.62 57.01 New Energy Added 237696 1485.01 0.01 0.25 0.19 56.00 0.00 0.50 42.00 0.735 7522.40 56.65 48.12 0 0.01 0.01 0.45 43.15 0 0.00 0.15 0 0.00 0.49 Solar Total 0.55 1030.00 0.15 0 0.781 7004.0004 2304 Land Mass Land Mass Coal Plants (Oregons)-Wind (Oregons)-Solar Built 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 0 0.15 0 0.50 1528.10 0.75 247380 242866 238595 234399 230277 226376 193328 189931 144523 141988 139498 137051 496 #Nuclear Reactors Built 0.45 54.00 0.27 44.81 19.071 7389.88 6522.00 0.95 1530.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 1528.01 0.036 0.70 1030.00 0.15 51.01 0.25 1330.13 38.00 0. Vital Signs 1996 & 2000 Solar Total Global Pop.00 0.635 7130.00 0.00 0.004 0.00 0.50 0.01 0.01 0.0096 0.01 0.40 35.204 6639.60 1529.01 0.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.44 52.00 0.05 0. PerCap Energy 6182.03 53.28 43.00 0.65 1528.596 6406.01 0.42 32.37 56.40 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.34 45.90 38.11 49.75 43.15 0 0.45 0.00 0.00 2556 2780 3039 3345 3707 3785 3861 3937 4013 4086 4158 4231 4303 4378 4454 4530 4610 4690 4770 4851 4933 5018 5105 5190 5277 5359 5442 5523 5603 5682 5761 5840 5919 5996 6073 4364 5326 6420 7300 8874 9090 9298 9788 9751 9389 9880 10032 10073 10341 9941 9602 9273 9203 9532 9617 9752 9795 10111 10105 9960 9766 9743 9601 9539 9574 9754 9668 9524 9443 9467 Global Pop.00 0.00 0.117 6880.40 1030.01 0.00 PW*hrs 11.01 0.01 0.47 46.51 24.90 34.01 0.35 0.46 56.10 1330.718 7259.55 0.15 0.15 0 1.34 53. PerCap Energy PW*hrs Millions of People KW*hours per person 0.01 0.00 0.30 0.Normalized (1950-2000) Sources: Worldwatch.15 0 0.01 0.02 53.00 0.15 14.00 0.56 52.36 41.15 -32000 0.698 0 0.16 45.15 .00 0.85 1031.53 39.314 6293.01 0.08 42.00 0.

94 134647 132414 130092 127686 125447 123246 121085 118846 173368 170319 167324 164488 161596 158754 155993 103359 101546 99765 98015 96296 94607 92858 91229 89802 88142 86596 85077 83666 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 0.01 0.10 1.01 0.657 8523.15 0.01 0.01 0.55 1.01 0.15 0.01 0.15 1.00 1035.01 0.01 0.74 12396.65 1532.15 0.01 0.45 0.01 0.01 0.90 1032.15 0.20 7658.01 0.006 7936.9 11962.05 1031.01 0.15 500.01 0.95 2.15 0.073 9830.01 0.00 1.15 0.15 0.60 1035.01 0.15 0.75 0.90 0.01 0.01 0.15 1.01 0.85 0.967 8991.50 1531.45 1.15 0.90 1.70 1.961 9153.15 1.01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 80000 0 0 0 0 0 0 -80000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Land Total Land Mass Covered Mass Covered Total Coal #Reactors Built (Oregons)-Wind (Oregons)-Solar Plants built 320 0.85 0.15 1.01 0.15 0.95 1.90 1036.50 1.3996 157696 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.55 1034.159 7796.01 0.65 0.30 1.65 1.01 0.85 1035.15 0.585 9486.35 1531.01 0.30 1034.188 8224.15 1034.75 1031.365 8676.41 12177.01 0.01 0.01 0.53 11339.01 0.01 0.0.01 0.15 0.15 0.01 0.01 0.45 1036.05 1037.10 1533.15 0.80 1.01 0.60 1.15 1032.75 1035.55 1034.15 0.319 9657.01 0.40 1034.15 2.01 0.01 0.816 9318.01 0.40 1.785 8832.80 1532.01 0.20 1531.01 0.01 0.01 0.95 1533.9 10007.30 1032.01 0.01 0.45 1031.614 8372.80 0.12 11750.38 10558.20 1.01 0.01 0.75 1.01 0.01 0.15 0.25 1.15 0.86 10188 10371.60 1031.15 0.07 10748.01 0.15 0.01 0.05 1.15 0.01 0.11 10941.70 0.01 0.35 1.02 11543.58 11138.15 .334 8079.00 Solar 1031.01 0.01 0.384 0.85 1.70 1034.

.

00 0.00 0. 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 Global Cost (billions of US dollars) 297039.00 28 .00 0. Billion) 1950-1995 avg.S.00 0.Cost (in U.00 0.00 130.00 0.00 0.60 0.00 0.00 0.

00 0.00 130.00 0.00 70.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 130.0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 99930.'95$US) 397889.00 0.00 330.00 0.00 Tot.00 0.00 0. Global Cost (bil.00 0.6 .00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 130.00 0.