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The Energy Budget

Global Energy Consumption Normalized (1950-2000)
Year Oil
PW*hrs

In 2001 you are elected Energy Czar of the
planet. Your job is to manage the planet's
remaining non-renewable energy resources
and project how new energy resources
will be utilized.

1950
1955
1960
1965
1970
1971
Guidelines for the Game
1972
1. You are appointed to the position for
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life. Thus, you are in charge of how the
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resources will be spent until the year
1975
2040. Warning: If your budgeting or
1976
policies turn out to be too wildly unpopular,
1977
you can be unseated. (Consult recent
1978
articles pertaining to Energy in Albania.)
1979
1980
2. Certain energy resources come in limited
1981
supplies on the planet Earth. You may not
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overspend these resources.
1983
Estimated Amount of Remaining
1984
Non-Renewable Resources
1985
Oil: 670 PW*Hrs
1986
Gas: 450 PW*Hrs
1987
Coal: 53,600 PW*Hrs
1988
Sources: Kraushaar/Ristinen "Energy and Problems
1989
of a Technical Society" 1993 and Scientific American, March 1998. 1990
1991
3. You may increase without limit the
1992
amount of energy being created by Nuclear,
1993
Wind, and Solar Power. However, it may
1994
cost you.
1995
You may add a total of 0.5 PW*hrs per year
1996
in new energy sources without serious cost
1997
to the global economy. If you go above
1998
0.5 PW*hrs in new sources in one year,
1999est
you must pay an equivalent of 0.25% for
2000est
every additional 0.5 PW*hrs.
4. Population growth:
The human race currently has an annual
growth rate of 1.8%. This is equal to a
fertility rate of about 2.7 children per
woman (i.e. for every one hundred women,
270 children will be born to them in their
collective lifetimes).
You may raise or lower this birthrate by

Year
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010

3.64
5.38
7.36
10.59
16.01
16.92
17.89
19.51
19.68
18.67
20.37
20.98
21.22
21.92
20.89
19.51
18.56
18.39
18.96
18.67
19.47
19.33
20.22
20.48
20.75
20.55
21.05
20.75
20.96
21.19
21.72
22.19
22.17
22.37
22.60

Oil

Gas

Coal Nuclear
Wind Solar

PW*hrs

PW*hrs

1.31
2.08
3.22
4.66
7.20
7.76
8.21
8.71
8.85
8.89
9.27
9.51
9.79
10.49
10.21
10.47
10.40
10.45
11.41
11.88
12.16
12.73
13.34
13.77
14.11
14.36
14.36
14.68
14.78
15.26
15.96
15.88
16.11
16.60
17.21

Gas

6.21
7.34
8.92
9.12
9.54
9.51
9.51
9.92
10.07
10.18
10.71
11.10
11.34
11.80
11.99
12.16
12.29
12.66
13.18
13.90
14.05
14.48
15.32
15.37
14.81
14.56
14.73
14.64
14.71
14.93
15.46
15.33
15.01
14.52
14.40

PW*hrs

0.00
0.00
0.01
0.04
0.14
0.21
0.28
0.39
0.53
0.62
0.74
0.87
1.00
1.06
1.18
1.36
1.49
1.66
1.92
2.19
2.42
2.60
2.72
2.80
2.87
2.85
2.86
2.94
2.96
2.98
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.02
3.10

PW*hrs PW*hrs

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.08
0.11
0.18

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Coal Nuclear
Wind Solar

1 kids/woman = no growth 1.937.396.7 kids/woman = 2.9 kids/woman = -0.00 N.7% 2.00 Nuclear 10. your 2040 population growth rate goal is set at: 1.600 PW*Hrs .80% Or a 2040 Population of: 12.00 Solar 30.9 kids/woman = 2.00 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 2031 2032 2033 2034 2035 2036 2037 2038 2039 2040 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 Year Global Cost Oil: 670 PW*Hrs Gas: 450 PW*Hrs Coal: 53.3% 2.1 kids/woman = 3.5 kids/woman = 1.00 Wind 20.Gas Oil Oil Gas 0 0 Coal Nuclear Wind Solar 0 Year Remember your limits: Global Population People (Millions) PW*hrs 50.3 kids/woman = 0.4% Currently.199 Human Energy Consumption 60.5% 2.9% 2.00 40.0% 2.changing the average family size as follows: 3.00 Coal Year KW*hrs per person Per Capita Energy 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 2034 2025 2016 2007 1993 1984 1975 1950 0.

S.Cost (Billion $U.) Global Cost 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Year .

00 0.00 0.50 42.90 34.90 38.34 45.42 32.36 41.0004 2304 Land Mass Land Mass Coal Plants (Oregons)-Wind (Oregons)-Solar Built 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 -2304 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Global Cost (billions of US dollars) New Energy Added 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.34 53.88 6522.00 0.81 19.45 43. Billion) PW*hrs Millions of People KW*hours per person 1950-1995 avg.036 0.11 49.62 52.75 43.16 45.03 53.00 0.40 56.204 6639.53 39.27 44. 11.28 43.00 0.718 7259.00 2556 2780 3039 3345 3707 3785 3861 3937 4013 4086 4158 4231 4303 4378 4454 4530 4610 4690 4770 4851 4933 5018 5105 5190 5277 5359 5442 5523 5603 5682 5761 5840 5919 5996 6073 4364 5326 6420 7300 8874 9090 9298 9788 9751 9389 9880 10032 10073 10341 9941 9602 9273 9203 9532 9617 9752 9795 10111 10105 9960 9766 9743 9601 9539 9574 9754 9668 9524 9443 9467 #Nuclear Reactors Built Global Pop.15 14.00 0.00 0.00 0.S.65 48.47 46.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 .635 7130.62 57. PerCap Energy 6182.00 0.08 42.19 56.314 6293.117 6880.00 0.44 52.malized (1950-2000) Sources: Worldwatch.00 0.49 Total 0.071 496 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -496 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0. PerCap Energy Cost (in U.56 52.596 6406.46 56.37 56.02 53.781 7004.13 38.51 24. Vital Signs 1996 & 2000 Total Global Pop.15 51.00 0.604 6759.40 35.00 0.45 54.

0.00 0.00 0.961 9153.12 11750.00 0.00 0.816 9318.614 8372.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.9 11962.00 0.02 11543.785 8832.00 0.00 0.188 8224.159 7796.319 9657. Global Cost (bil.11 10941.58 11138.00 0.00 0.00 0.735 7522.006 7936.74 12396.00 0.75 7658.00 7389.07 10748.00 0.00 0.00 Tot.00 0.585 9486.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.86 10188 10371.00 0.657 8523.00 0.00 0.00 0.967 8991.00 0.00 0.00 0.38 10558.00 0.00 0.00 0.53 11339.9 10007.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.'95$US) 0 .94 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Land Total Land Mass Covered Mass Covered Total Coal #Reactors Built (Oregons)-Wind (Oregons)-Solar Plants built -496 0 0 -2304 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.365 8676.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.073 9830.00 0.334 8079.00 0.00 0.00 0.41 12177.

.

S.Cost (in U. Billion) 28 .