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ships in service design and construction

L2D Cargo Conversion
liquid to dry cargo ship conversion
An increasing number of operators are today moving to convert their singlehull oil tankers into bulk carriers or large-size ore carriers. Three main factors have led to this demand: the growing demand for ships intended for the carriage of dry bulk cargoes, including ore carriers mainly in Brazil and China a shortage of building slipways, which makes it harder for operators to place their order for bulk/ore carrier new buildings the availability of many single hull oil tankers that are approaching forced retirement because of the regulations in the shipping industry which require double hull vessels; a significant number of them are of high structural and operational quality.

The L2D Cargo Conversion procedure

RINA has developed a specific design package including calculation procedures and powerful tools to assess the strength of hull structures in key points, accounting These factors, coupled with for all the various possible a generally limited loss in ship phenomena (yielding, buckling, deadweight, make this solution ultimate strength, fatigue). attractive. However it poses some challenges related to the need for The demand for adequate strength of structures dry cargo transport originally intended to support is growing worldwide. different cargo loads.

Leonardo hull 3h/3d
Two dimensional structural analysis for preliminary assessment Three holds Finite Element Modelling Automatic application of loads and structural check in accordance with IACS CSR, if required Finite Element Models compatible with Nastran shipyard models

L2D Cargo Conversion
liquid to dry cargo ship conversion

Benefits
rapid adaptation of transport capacity to market demand generally limited loss in ship deadweight optimum design solutions in compliance with all applicable Rules opportunity to exploit the high structural and operational quality of many forcedly phased out single hull tankers

The hull girder strength reduction due to the large openings in the deck area, the need for increased double bottom strength, the adequacy of the connections between longitudinal bulkheads, hopper/topside tanks with transverse bulkheads, all these aspects are to be closely analyzed in order to guarantee successful operational results. The RINA design package L2D Cargo Conversion starts from an assessment of the global hull girder strength and local scantlings of plating and ordinary stiffeners, to include a detailed Finite Element Analysis of the main structural elements, as well as of the local details.

Regulatory framework
The regulatory framework applicable to these ships requires specific consideration, in particular when oil tankers are converted into traditional bulk carriers with hopper/topside tanks. RINA is constantly monitoring the on-going discussions at IACS and IMO level and is in the right position to offer the best support to owners and designers, in order to define the optimum design in accordance with the applicable rules and regulations, including compliance with IACS Common Structural Rules when required.

RINA: 150 years of service RINA is one of the oldest classification societies and certification companies in the world. Established in Genoa in 1861 to serve the marine industry, today it spans the globe as a multinational and multi-faceted company, sharing its knowledge and experience through a wide range of services which help industries and the community to improve their businesses and quality of life. RINA’s services cover the environment, energy, transportation, logistics, safety, quality and social responsibility.

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MAR_L2D Ch. MAR’10

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