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Lab Session 2: Directional Coupler

Title: Directional Coupler

Objectives: To investigate the operation of various microwave coupler.

Equipments: a. Combo Tester (ED-4770) b. VCO (ED-3300A) c. Detector (ED-33008) d. Circulator (ED-3300C) e. Directional Coupler (ED-3300D) f. BNC - Banana g. Banana – Banana h. 50Ω Load 1pc 1pc 2pcs 3pcs 1pc 1pc 1pc 1pc

Procedures: 1. At the beginning of the experiment, combo tester, circulator, detector, and directional coupler are connected according to the correct sequence. 2. Port 2 (P2) of directional coupler is connected to circulator in order to measure the signal of port 2 (P 2 ), and port 3 (P 3 ) and 4 (P4) are matched using 50Ω resistor. 3. Channel 1 is adjusted and voltage is channelled within 1 V to 12 V respectively in order to supply the operational power to the ED-3300A (VCO) module. 4. Channel 1 V tune voltage of the ED-3300A (VCO) module is changed such that the output voltages can have values shown in the V tune table. Then, the detected values with the detector are measured and recorded in P 2 in the table. The frequency to the Vtune voltage is adjusted by referring to V tune table. 5. Port 3 (P3) of directional coupler is connected to circulator in order to measure the signal of port 3, and port 2 (P 2 ) and 4 (P4) are matched using 50Ω resistor.

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the detected values with the detector are measured and recorded in P 3 in the table. 2 . Then. Then. Channel 1 V tune voltage of the ED-3300A (VCO) module is changed such that the output voltages can have values shown in the V tune table. 8. The frequency to the Vtune voltage is adjusted by referring to V tune table. Port 4 (P4) of directional coupler is connected to circulator in order to measure the signal of port 3. The frequency to the Vtune voltage is adjusted by referring to V tune table. and port 2 (P 2 ) and 3 (P3) are matched using 50Ω resistor. 9. the detected values with the detector are measured and recorded in P 4 in the table. 7. Channel 1 V tune voltage of the ED-3300A (VCO) module is changed such that the output voltages can have values shown in the V tune table. The complete table is showed in result part.Lab Session 2: Directional Coupler 6.

919 -10.286 Isolation Coefficient P1[dBm] – P4[dBm] = [dB] -18.83 648.42 9.40 7.676 -7.79 9.25 Output Voltage [mV] 199.6 1.993 1.1 1.963 -5.64 183.15 44.77 P3 Output Power [dBm] -12.7 1.977 -8.10 8.0 8.45 650.36 -14.324 0.980 4.6 3.92 721.38 9.36 45.23 172.47 6.70 -14.15 10.421 -1.63 -4.249 0.5 1.13 -13.9 7.9 1.63 600.9 2.48 P2 Output Power [dBm] 0.Lab Session 2: Directional Coupler Result: Frequency [GHz] Voltage [Vtune] 1.7 4.87 708.964 Directivity P3[dBm] – P4[dBm] = [dB] -3.80 9.5 1.88 -2.4 1.0 Input Voltage [mV] 235.86 -13.61 181.4 Table 1: Vtune for measured frequencies P1 Frequency [GHz] 1.02 P4 Output Power [dBm] -30.88 502.99 9.04 10.84 -1.66 Output Voltage [mV] 35.7 1.65 25.34 -1.49 46.63 Input Power [dBm] 0.8 1.909 7.5 2.4 1.13 193.85 126.8 6.79 -19.6 1.76 666.41 9.98 155.747 Transmission Coefficient P1[dBm] – P2[dBm] = [dB] -0.459 -1.0 -14.627 7.4 1.80 654.259 0.230 -8.10 Output Voltage [mV] 1.700 0.062 0.03 38.712 Table 3: Characteristic of Directional Coupler 3 .4 1.254 5.10 745.47 -3.863 -4.97 -1.06 495.440 -6.94 9.76 691.4 1.339 -1.350 -1.119 8.8 1.17 -15.7 1.317 0.9 2.54 Table 2: Measured voltage and power of each port Coupling Frequency [GHz] Coefficient P1[dBm] – P3[dBm] = [dB] 1.18 42.799 -1.3 2.58 708.

Lab Session 2: Directional Coupler Sample calculation: For frequency = 1. Coupling coefficient ( ⁄ ⁄ ) Transmission coefficient ( ⁄ ⁄ ) Isolation coefficient ( ⁄ ⁄ ) Directivity ( ⁄ ⁄ ) 4 .5GHz.

3818 dB Coupler is used in this experiment.7GHz – 1.9 GHz Hence. which decibel [dB] Coupler is it? Average coupling coefficient of 1. What is the average coupling coefficient [dBm] of the used coupler in the rage of 1. causing standing wave and leads to inaccuracy in the measurements 5 . What kinds of problems are caused when the unused ports for the measurement are not matched? When the unused ports of measurement are not matched.Lab Session 2: Directional Coupler Observation: 1.9GHz? In other words. a 7. the signals are reflected back towards the source.7 – 1. 2.

Lab Session 2: Directional Coupler 6 .