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Indonesian Architecture

Ancient History

Climatic • Malay Peninsula is bounded by Southern Thailand in the north and on the west and south by the Strait of Malacca which separate it from Sumatra. Java and the chain of Islands.eruptions brought down buildings • Equatorial. Sumba and Timor. tropical climate.Philippines • Active and extinct volcanoes. Lombok. Geological. Sulawesi and Borneo • North.Influences: Geography. • The four largest islands are Java. Bali. northeast and southwest monsoons . Sumatra. Sumbawa. Flores.

• Society was divided to court and peasantry • Literature.priorities of the court • King Jayanaga-first important Indonesian kingdom .Historical.Indian cultural and religious influence. architecture. sculpture. Social • Civilization in Java and Sumatra.

Prambanam complex. . with no load bearing columns. lessening of Indian influence.Borobudur. • 5th-6th century. corbelled arches.Hindu Indonesian and Buddhist Indonesian features • Solid stone walls. A period of wide ranging movement in Buddhist art to the China seas • 11th century.Architectural Character • Dieng Palteau and Kedu Plain.Influence of Gupta (Indian).shift of power to East Java. increased evidence of the native Indian tradition. • Timber.

• 9 storeys leading to Nirvana. stone plinth foundation . symbolizing the world mountain “Meru” of Indian cosmology.The Stupa Of Barabodur • 8th-9th century • Located on the Java plains with a smoking volcano in the background • Architectural masterpiece of the Sailendra dynasty • Supreme expression of Indonesian art • Shallow stone clad hill. square in plan.

The Stupa Of Borobodur .

Borobudor .

black. red • Inward sloping ridge (saddle back) roofs with high gables .Traditional Dwelling • • • • • • Long house generally on stilts Often sheltering the whole clan Carved and decorated wooden pillars Best exemplified in the Menangkabao homes: Colored patterns of intertwined flowers in white.

Temple Group at Panataram • Hindu culture ( Madjapahit Dynasty) • Siva Tjandi.interesting and the most well preserved • Single cube-like cella. surmounting pyramid • Now with Javanese treatment: large Kirtimukha masks over the doorways .

. The stairs entrance is located on the northwestern side.The architecture of the chandi The building material of this candidosis is actually brick covered with stone.4 meters high. Above the basement there is a passageway to the actual candi runs. This building is 26. making it stronger and more elegant looks. The roof consists of three floors and is decorated with small stupas ' s. There are currently 48 stupas to find. This building is located on a higher base .

single cella shrine • Square in plan beneath a pyramid tower. entered by a prominent porch .sepulchral monuments • Simple. Dieng • 700ce • One of the surviving smaller temples in Central Java • Tjandi.Tjandi Bhima.

Tjandi at Kalasan • A Buddhist Shrine temple holding the ashes of Asailendra prince • Greek cross plan • Projecting wings side chapels • With elaborate pediment with the Kirtimukha mask • Indonesian style .

Cruciform in plan. restored.At Prambanam • Remarkable 150 shrines. central cella. square base. with fine sculpture ( 42 bas reliefs illustrating Ramayana) . reflecting the decline in mahayana buddhism in the 9th and 10th century • Siva Temple of Loro Djongrang ( c900). 4 broad formal staircase. most in ruins • 2 tiered terrace.

Ruined and RestoredTemples of Prambanam .

Ruins of Prambanam. Tjandi Sewoe .