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Sharpening stones | Basic equipment ....................................... | Sharpening sets ........................................ | Knives | Sharpening on waterstones......................... | Maintenance products ............................... | Sharpening with Tokico® knife sharpener ..... | Book recommendations.............................. | Tools | Chisels and plane blades ........................... | Plane blades - the Lie-Nielsen method ........ | Book recommendations.............................. | Gouges and carving tools ........................... | V-parting tools .......................................... | Turning tools ............................................ | Scraper blades .......................................... | Scissors ................................................... | Axes ........................................................ | Draw knives .............................................. | Pruning- and hedge shears ......................... | Razors...................................................... | Maintenance products .............................. | Workshop recommendations ....................... | Tool sharpening service.............................. |
Opinions on how to sharpen a dull cutting edge are widely divergent - even among professionals. We favour the method used for hundreds of years on the sharpest blade of all, the samurai sword: Sharpening with waterstones. This method is suitable for sharpening knives and tools alike. It will be introduced in the following as well as a wealth of tips and tricks from our sharpening experts
What defines sharpness? Technically speaking, this is where the two bevelled edges of a blade intersect. The bevels define the cutting angle; the point of intersection creates the cutting edge. So the goal of sharpening is to regrind the bevelled surfaces precisely in order to recreate a perfect intersection.
To achieve extreme sharpness, the two surfaces that meet at the cutting edge must be polished as finely as possible. The attainable level of sharpness depends on four factors: • The grit of the sharpening stone (the finer the grit, the sharper the result). • The structure and hardness of the blade (the finer and harder the structure, the sharper the blade can become). • The geometry of the cutting edge (the smaller the cutting angle, the lower the cutting resistance). • Last but not least, the proficiency of the sharpener.
the cutting angles may be different from the specified values.Angle chart The angles given in the following table can be used as a guideline. In special cases. Scrapers Scissors Turning tools Chisels and plane blades Splitting and felling axes Forest axes Knives and carving tools up to 55° – 30° – 23° – 25° – 20° – 15° – 75° 60° 40° 35° 30° 25° 25° 4 .
Basic Equipment As a basic equipment. • The cutting edge can be shaped exactly (no rounding like with felt and rubber wheels). 711021 as well as a very fine grit-8000 polishing stone No. • The sharpening process is not dangerous (no flying sparks). 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 4 2 5 3 6 5 . A Nagura stone No. 711020 are recommended. 711006. 2000 No.Sharpening stones Sharpening with waterstones has the following advantages: • The steel‘s hardness is not affected since no heat is generated. • Wide array of grits available. a combination stone with a grit of 1000 and 6000 is sufficient No. stones with grit 220 No. 711301 can be used to produce a polishing paste. 711000. • The necessary equipment is affordable. 710991 and 4000 No. For more demanding tasks.
705364. To ensure stability. use a sharpening stone holder with non-slip rubber jaws No. 440 C. a rubber underlay. The double-sided DMT sharpening tool Duo Sharp (No. 1 2 1 2 As an alternative to Japanese waterstones. these tools are extremely wear resistant and renowned for their perfectly flat surfaces. 711110 Sharpening Set for Knives of Low-alloy Carbon Steel »Blue and White Paper Steel« No.During use. 711111 6 Sharpening Set for Knives of Highalloy Steels VG-10. Sharpening sets To provide you with the best basic equipment for the individual tools and steels. 711112 . PM Steels. Made with monocrystalline diamonds. 711101. DMT stones (USA) are a particularly good choice. SKD 11 No. 705372) comes with a practical base and is recommended as a supplement to Japanese stones. It is also excellent for flattening the backs of plane or chisel blades. we‘ve put together various sharpening sets for you: Basic Sharpening Set for all Tools No. or a non-skid mat No. waterstones must remain rigid and not slip. diamond sharpening stones can also be used. 711107 Sharpening Set for Straight Razors No.
711108 Sharpening Set for Pruning Shears and Scissors No. 711105 Sharpening Set for Axes and Adzes No. 711106 Sharpening Set for Sculptor’s Gouges No.Sharpening Set for Chisels and Plane Blades of High-alloy Tool Steel »Western Chisels and Planes« No. 711103 Sharpening Set for Chisels and Plane Blades of Low-alloy Tool Steel »Japanese Chisels and Planes« No. 711113 7 . 711114 Sharpening Set for Scrapers No. 711109 Sharpening Set for Turning Tools No. 711104 Sharpening Set for Axes and Drawknives No.
you must differentiate between those that need to be stored dry and those that can be permanently stored in water. the stone is uneven and must be ground down using one of several methods. 705429 or No. Household cleansers. place it on an even surface. and sharpen the stone on top of it. A specialized truing grille No. Dry storage: Shapton. limiting their abrasive effect. rub the truing block in a circular motion across the sharpening stone‘s surface until it is completely flat. lime builds up and reduces the stones‘ efficiency. An alternative is to wet a piece of coarse sandpaper (80 – 120). don‘t let the stones dry out too often. Jinzo. After adding ample water. 1 1 STORAGE When storing synthetic stones. Storage in water: King. should not be used since they attack the stone‘s bonding. Keep them flat. The easiest of these is truing with a diamond lapping plate No. constantly flushing off the paste. Sharpening stones should be handled carefully. clean and free of oil since oil prevents the stones from absorbing water.TRUING THE STONE When sharpening tools with straight cutting edges. Check that the stone is plane by placing the edge of a ruler No. 711613. A dash of vinegar or disinfectant should be added to the water to prevent algae growth. while the darker areas have not yet had contact with the truing block. sharpening stones should never be exposed to frost! When using highly calcareous water. etc. 707290 on top of it. In order to prevent cracking. Repeat the process until the surface is all light. etc. it is essential that the sharpening stone is completely flat. If light shines through at any point. 711297 functions similarly. Light surfaces show the even areas of the stone. 8 . otherwise. Akatsuki. Sun Tiger. however. Suehiro. preferably in a sealable plastic box.
and be sure to use the stone‘s entire surface. Many common kitchen knives made of stainless steel have relatively soft blades (52-56 Rockwell). use straight movements to grind the blade lengthwise on the stone. HANDLING THE KNIFE For sharpening knives. The fingertips of your left hand should be spread close to the cutting edge and used to exert pressure. Sharpness can be restored by reforming the cutting edge with a burnisher. keep your fingertips away from the stone‘s surface to avoid scraping the skin and causing a painful injury. Position the knife blade diagonally on top of the stone at an angle as close to the recommended angle as possible.Knives Sharpening on waterstones The appropriate method for sharpening a knife depends on the quality of the steel. Use your right hand to hold the knife‘s handle and rest your right index finger on the blade.g. hard steel .like that used in Japanese kitchen knives . Routine use causes the cutting edge to bend. For good edge retention. Bevel angle While maintaining the desired angle. Soak the stone in water for a few minutes before placing it on a slip-proof surface. a waterstone with a grit size of about 1000 e. And since abrasion is required to sharpen hard steel. No. 10 . making the blade dull.must be used. When guiding the knife. sharpening stones are the ideal sharpening method. However the durability of the edge still will be weak. 711008 should be used first.
If you got problems with free-hand sharpening. simply put the Togeru knife sharpening device No. In German. 713806 11 . No. Rocking and tilting movements will round the bevel. 1 DVD »Das Schärfen japanischer Messer« A Japanese master blacksmith with a legendary reputation in Japan shows you how to professionally sharpen kitchen knives on water stones. Knives sharpened in this way not only make your work easier but are also a pleasure to use and allow you to treat your food with respect. 705377 onto the back of your blade. The handling of the knife is shown in the photo. DVD. 15 minutes. He introduces different types of whetstone.1 Pressure should be exerted on the cutting edge when grinding in both directions and extra care should be taken to keep the recommended angle as constant as possible. creating uneven blade geometry. shows the correct sharpening motions for sharpening single and double-bevelled knives and provides information on caring for knives.
rinse the knife thoroughly in warm water. use a stone with a minimum grit size of 4000. reduce the amount of pressure placed on the blade . This polishing paste may be welcome to smooth out the grit-steps between the different stones. To see how the blade and the stone are interacting. Place the blade lengthwise onto the stone and grind it in the direction of the cutting edge. If you rinse less. Before beginning.too much pressure will distort the finely ground cutting edge. applying slight pressure. A balanced and rhythmic sound is another good indicator that the blade is being sharpened evenly. Sharpening on coarse or medium-grit stones creates a visible burr. a few light strokes are required on each bevelled edge in alteration before the burr can no longer be felt with the fingertips. look at the sharpening tracks on the wet surface of the stone. For honing.HONING The term honing refers to the process used to remove the burr created during sharpening. 12 . When finished. which is later removed during honing. the blade can be held at a slightly steeper angle (1°-2°) than that used for grinding to ensure the burr is removed completely. CHECK If you rinse with water regularly the stone has its highest efficiency. some slurry will build up. With increasing delicacy. You can feel it with your fingertip if you run your finger over the bevel away from the cutting edge. As a rule. rinse the blade to remove the particle remains of the prior stone. Carbon-steel blades should be treated with a little oil to prevent rust. At this stage.
only the cutting edge and the back of the blade should touch the sharpening stone when laid flat. about 20 – 30 strokes per side should suffice. press the tip down and grind it lengthwise on the stone using a straight sharpening motion. the entire surface of the blade can rest on the stone. SHARPENING THE TIP To sharpen the tip of a knife. double-bevel knives require sharpening on both sides. During honing. Using one or two fingers. For this reason.the handle is now held in the left hand. 13 . but both the bevelled and back sides should be honed. DOUBLE-BEVEL KNIVES Standard. not damaged. After the entire length of one side has been sharpened. Only the bevelled side should be sharpened. For blades that are simply dull from use. whereas the surface of the sharpening stone must be absolutely flat. turn the knife over and sharpen the opposite side .SINGLE-BEVEL KNIVES Japanese knives with a bevel on only one side of the blade are slightly hollow-ground on the back side. raise the handle until only the front of the blade touches the stone.
We recommend ProHands® cut resistant gloves No. e. use the 220-grit stone.DAMAGED BLADES Damaged cutting edges and broken tips are not reasons to discard muchloved knives. very hard Japanese knives in particular can suffer an occasional nick when handled roughly. Protect yourself from injury. 707650. 716020. especially when working with damaged knives or when using sharpening machines. Finely ground. Tormek® T-7 No. 1 1 2 2 To achieve the required high level of abrasion. Place the blade perpendicular to the stone and grind the entire length of the cutting edge down to the damaged spot.g. 3 3 14 . a coarse diamond block or a water-cooled grinder. 705191 or Shinko® Sharpening System No. Thereafter. use a coarse stone (220 or 400 grit). The bevel can now be ground onto each side of the blade in the desired angle using coarse-grit followed by fine-grit stones. follow the guidelines provided above. To achieve the necessary level of abrasion.
e.Maintenance products Store the knife separately in a cutlery tray or knife block. (not rustproof) carbon steel is still the blade material with the finest structure and highest possible sharpness. Gundel-Putz Polish and Whetting Paste No. As a trace element. Simply moisten the blade and pull it through the slit 3 – 10 times. all single.and double-bevel blades can be sharpened easily and quickly. Even today. Sharpening with the Tokico® Knife Sharpener The majority of commercial knife sharpeners are not suitable for high-quality Japanese knives. 705373. as these magnetise the blade and thus hamper sharpening (abrasive particles remain stuck on the blade during sharpening). 2 3 3 2 Rust (iron oxide) is simply an aesthetic flaw that does not harm living organisms. 705280. 1 1 A black oxidised coating on the surface or light surface rust can be removed with the rust eraser No.g. One exception is the Tokico® knife sharpener No. We advise against magnetic holders. With a little water. With this tool. Maintain these knives by oiling them regularly with odourless. 705262 can also be used. it actually erases the oxide coating. iron is actually essential. food-safe camellia oil No. The attainable degree of sharpness is limited by the relatively coarse grit 400 of the stone. Never clean high-quality knives in the dishwasher. 4 4 15 . Chromium polish. 711531. even if they have »rustproof« blades! The atmosphere of high temperatures and salty water leads to intercrystalline corrosion and therefore destroys the blade.
Hardcover. No. the sharper a blade must be to cut it. Important practical tips for care and correct application complete this comprehensive work. about 60 colour photographs. That‘s why the sharpness of Miming . with numerous illustrations. his sword was placed in a creek where a maple leaf swam around it out of respect for the blade‘s sharpness. A similar test was performed on a blade created by the legendary Japanese samurai-swordsmith Masamune. Paperback. 235 x 165 mm. It also explains the correct way to sharpen axes. Rudolf Dick explains an exact and practical sharpening technique. This book introduces suitable sharpening tools and explains the correct sharpening technique for each tool. Book Recommendations »Messerschärfen wie die Profis« Carsten Bothe: Knives need regular care and must be sharpened correctly.the fabled sword of the Nibelungen from the Germanic saga »Wieland the Smith«. 158 x 213 mm. No. scissors and tools. According to legend. colour photographs on every page. 713167 »Japanmesser schärfen« Rudolf Dick: Everything you ever wanted to know about sharpening Japanese knives: Step-by-step. The ability to slice one without exudation is one of the most veritable tests of a kitchen knife‘s sharpness. in German. When it sliced the hat effortlessly.TESTING SHARPNESS The softer the material to be cut.was tested on a felt hat floating in a stream. 112 Pages. This book also helps you select the correct sharpening stones and details the special characteristics of Japanese knives. expert Dr. 125 Pages. A ripe tomato is perfect for testing a blade‘s sharpness. Numerous tips by the author make sharpening a pleasure. in German. its sharpness was proven. 713920 16 .
Chisels and plane blades For chisels and plane blades to work effectively. To obtain a sharp cutting edge. No. After that. the back must be smoothed. The back of new tools is often not 100% even or still shows traces of grinding from the manufacturing process. 18 . e. • Lay the back onto the sharpening stone at a 90° angle to the long side of the stone. • Pre-sharpen on the 1000-grit stone and finish on the 6000-grit stone until all scratches are removed. applying light pressure and guiding it with your fingers. Depending on how deep the grinding traces or how even the back is. in which case it is sufficient to true the first two-thirds of the back. • Move the blade back and forth on the stone. 705358. the back only needs honing with the finest sharpening stone. it may have to be roughened first. the same types of stones used for knives are sufficient.g.Tools For sharpening tools. while the darker areas have not yet had contact with the sharpening stone. Western chisels and plane blades can be trued on a diamond block. their backs have to be absolutely flat. • Shiny areas indicate the even parts of the back. • Choose a fixed point on the neck up to which you want to sharpen.
Japanese blades can be trued on diamond blocks No. 713600 and silicon carbide powder No. 717141. the cutting method. depending on the tool‘s purpose. trued hones. The back is normally only trued once on brand-new tools using flat. Low cutting resistance High cutting resistance 19 . Several trials may be required. the back is only honed on a fine sharpening stone. On the lapping plate the blade is worked with silicon carbide powder and water under high pressure. Determining the optimal bevel angle is a process that depends on the type of wood. SHARPENING THE BEVEL Subsequently. 707261 or a mini protractor No. After that. 705382 or using a steel lapping plate No. 716363 or No. we recommend using a bevel gauge for tool edges No. For checking the bevel angle. 1 2 2 1 The smaller the bevel angle. and the quality of the tool‘s steel. The table at the beginning of these instructions serves as a guideline. The powder grinds into a fine paste that has an additional polishing effect. the blade‘s bevel is sharpened at an angle between 22° and 35°. the lower the cutting resistance and the more delicate the cutting edge. 716364.
the bevel is ground using a 1000-grit stone. a Nagura stone can be rubbed onto the sharpening stone to create a fine-grain polishing paste. Similar rounding of the bevel is caused by fastmoving felt polishing wheels. Rocking and tilting movements should be avoided. In order to work efficiently and to wear the sharpening stone evenly. which we do not recommend. HONING When finished. The chip-breaker. it is not sufficient to sharpen the blade alone.To a large degree. First. The bevel is placed on the stone diagonally and ground using straight movements while the angle is kept as constant as possible. »round bevel« Chip-breaker To ensure that a plane functions well. 20 . tools are sharpened in the same manner as knives. A honing guide is very useful for helping maintain an exact bevel angle e. One way to check how evenly pressure is being applied is to look at the tracks on the sharpening stone. A rocking motion while sharpening will cause the blade to take on an inaccurate rounded geometry. the entire surface of the stone should be used.or 8000-grit stone and hone both the bevel and the back of the blade. also needs to be flat in order to guarantee a secure fit with no play and to prevent clogging with wood shavings. To improve the honing effect and give the blade a mirror polish. Plane blade Good fit between chip breaker and plane blade When sharpening thick (Japanese) blades that have a large contact surface area.g. proceed to a 6000. maintaining a constant angle is easier than with thin blades. Veritas No. 707168.
you hone a micro-bevel onto the blade. jig). 1 1 Once you have adjusted the sharpening angle to the required final bevel angle (30°. Ruler With this sharpening method. Using the honing jig No. bevel angle 30°) that is a few degrees less acute. This requires only ten passes across the stone. for example. which allows you to polish the very tip of the back of the blade along the opposite long edge of the stone. you hone on a secondary bevel on a finer stone (e. 35°. you first hone the primary bevel on a rough sharpening stone or diamond block. 40°. This involves placing a thin steel ruler No. 1000 grit). This means that a smoothing plane with a 25° bevel.Plane Blades – The Lie-Nielsen Method As a manufacturer of premium metal planes. 707270 along the long edge of a polishing stone. 21 . 711400 and a template (see page 23) to set the angles. Lie-Nielsen-Toolworks has created a sharpening system that allows you to achieve the sharpest cutting edges on plane blades quickly and easily.g. polish the back of the blade with the so-called ruler trick. 45°. gets a second bevel (e. 6000-grit.g. First. The result is an ultra-thin secondary bevel that needs to be polished on a polishing stone e.g.
With time. colour photographs on every page. To speed this up. No. i. chisel or plane blades. from time to time you should regrind the primary bevel on the coarsest stone you have to such an extent that the resharpening goes quickly. the secondary bevel will become wider and wider. as it serves as a guiding surface in precision work. perfect cutting edge. over 750 colour photographs. A discussion on types of steel and a complete overview of all sharpening tools and machines complete the most comprehensive and technically in-depth book on sharpening currently available.e. 282 x 216 mm. the sharpening expert and tool maker Ron Hock has produced the ultimate guide to sharpening. the surface to polish becomes larger. You can also sharpen chisels using this method . To resharpen. saws. 223 Pages. . carving blades. you hone the secondary bevel and polish the back using the ruler trick. With his over 25 years of knowledge and experience. hatchets. Hardcover. The book covers diverse sharpening methods and will help you improve your own techniques. Hardcover. such as turning tools. numerous drawings. 216 Pages. No. the back is fine-polished again with 10 – 20 passes. scrapers. The back of a chisel must remain absolutely flat. drill bits as well as knives and scissors.the mystery of the virtually indefinable. Book Recommendations »Taunton’s Complete Illustrated Guide to Sharpening« Thomas Lie-Nielsen: Step-by-step instructions and abundant insider tips are provided for sharpening all types of woodworking tools and knives. 713774 »The Perfect Edge« Ron Hock: The perfect edge .Finally. Contains many tips and tricks for sharpening any kind of woodworking tools.but not with the ruler trick. 713926 22 . 240x 285 mm.
5 mm 45° 15 mm 23 .Template for setting bevel angles Stop block Bench top stop By putting a wooden shim in between the stop block and blade you can increase the bevel angle. 25° 30° 35° 40° 21 mm 54 mm 40 mm 29.
705227) that makes polishing very quick and easy. Let the stone rest on the inside surface and make straight movements. The Tormek provides (as an accessory) a profiled leather honing wheel (No.Carving gouges THE OUTSIDE of a gouge is sharpened on conventional bench stones using a kind of rolling movement. either by hand on a so-called strop or on a machine. This technique requires some practice but provides good results. • Roll the gouge lengthwise over the bench stone. so it should be sufficient to hone them on an 8000-grit multiform stone. you sharpen at right angles to the cutting edge with a slight turning motion. the Tormek®. THE INSIDES of gouges are normally polished by the manufacturer. Depending on the degree of wear (nicks). To reduce the risk of cutting into the relatively soft stone. • Place the gouge in the middle of the bench stone with the bevel side down. e. you will either need to pre-sharpen the gouge on a roughing stone or just hone it on the sharpening stones.g. 24 . while maintaining the existing bevel angle as precisely as possible. Gouges and turning tools are often polished with leather on the inside and outside. Hold the gouge with one hand and move the stone with the other from the inside outwards towards the cutting edge.
similar to paring chisels. because the blade is thicker in this angle than on the side walls. even if the blade‘s geometry is complicated. If the edges of this stone are not sharp enough. It is important that pressure is only applied to the bevel. Turning tools In general. Make sure you don‘t damage the leather with the sharp cutting edge when you polish it. a small projection often forms in the middle of the cutting edge. 25 . You must also make sure that you remove the same amount of material on both sides to ensure consistent blade geometry. Consequently. After sharpening the outer bevel. you can create polishing blocks of any shape you want. Use a multiform stone for honing the inside as shown above. sculpting gouges are often polished on leather. you should therefore round off the angle slightly before sharpening. we recommend using diamond stones or a Tormek® or Creusen® sharpening machine. you can work on the sharpening stone first. remove the burr from the interior by hand using a slip stone or a profiled leather wheel. Nose POLISHING Finally. During sharpening of the V-tool. The machine‘s universal gouge jig makes it possible to sharpen turning tools quickly and with reproducible results.V-Parting Tools V-parting tools are laid down on the outside bevel and moved along the sharpening stone. By sticking leather onto a shaped piece of wood. as with gouges. turning tools are made of very hard and resilient HSS or PM steel that is difficult to sharpen with waterstones. so that the bevel angle does not change. To prevent the unwanted projection.
• A few strokes with the 1000-grit side and then with the 6000-grit side should be enough. Viewed in profile. • Pull the burnisher over the entire edge in a single stroke. using one of the following methods: There are file holders with a 90° fence which allow even less-experienced users to control the file securely. you can estimate the angle. • Make longitudinal or slightly diagonal strokes until the file almost touches the supports. • Let the scraper project by about 1 mm. even at the end of the scraper). applying sufficient pressure (a slightly diagonal stroke enables accurate application. • Work on the projecting scraper with the file until it is almost flush with the supports. • Find two pieces of wood (90° edge at the top) or bits of board with which you can fix the scraper in a vice (alternatively. place the burnisher not only onto the scraper edge but also onto the edge of the support. • To estimate the angle. • How far the scraper should project depends on the required angle (normally 10-15°).Scraper blades SQUARE BLADE Scrapers are usually stamped. RAISING THE BURR • Slide the scraper further up between the supports. But the simplest and cheapest method is clamping the scraper between two pieces of wood. You can make similar holders of wood yourself. 26 . • The wooden supports now provide a large support area that makes it easy to guide the file or stone at a 90° angle. you can clamp the scraper between these two supports on a large beam with a clamp. which means the edges must be worked with a file to obtain an evenly square edge. FINISHING THE BLADE • Hold the combination stone in your hand and guide it along the support area you have just created (scrapersupport combination in the vice). • Drawing the burnisher along the edge of the support creates a consistent angle.
make sure the cutting action is smooth and not too tight. a few strokes are usually sufficient to restore sharpness. as each process may ruin the even burr. Apply a little oil to the joints and reassemble. Surface finishing requires a small burr. the special jig makes it easier to hold the correct angle. For this purpose. We therefore recommend completely removing the burr on worn scrapers with a file before raising a new one. as with single-bevel knives. you may need to burnish the edge again. How large a burr is required depends on the intended use: Removing varnishes and coats requires a large burr. you should not burnish more than three times. the larger and more »aggressive« the burr. The deeper the angle used in burnishing. Depending on how hard the scraper and the pressure applied. 27 . When using a Tormek® sharpening machine. The burr created on the back of the blade should be removed with a finishing stone. However. While keeping an exact bevel angle and adding a bit of water. REBURNISHING A BURR You can also right the burr with the burnisher and raise it anew. a fine-grit diamond block is ideal. but this process does not usually produce consistent results.CHECKING THE BURR You can now feel the raised burr with your fingertips. Scissors Scissors should be disassembled prior to sharpening. and only the bevels of both the upper and lower blades should be sharpened. Finally.
splitting axes) have a curved blade. while splitting axes have strong and heavy blades with a relatively shallow cutting angle of 25 – 30°. such as carpenter‘s or sculptor‘s axes. it is important to keep the wedge angle suitable for the type of axe and usage.For outdoor tools like axes. • Make sure you keep the shape (curved or straight). sheath knives or pruning shears. while axes used for precision work. • Hold the axe securely with one hand (or clamp it) and move the folding sharpener over the blade from the front or from the back (less risk of injury). The wedge shape of the blade (curved or straight) is also important. • Sharpen double-bevel axes from both sides. Heavy-duty axes (e.g. No. multipurpose diamond sharpeners are particularly practical (e.g. Cutting axes. • Following this rough pre-sharpening.g. double-bevel blade with a relatively acute cutting angle of 20 – 25°. have a slim. 705391). hone with the 1000/6000 combination stone e. Nr. have a straight blade. 1 1 Axes When sharpening axes. • The radius of the blade is adjusted to the axe‘s purpose and should be kept. retractable. the DMT diafold whetstone fine/coarse. used for example for felling trees or limbing. compact. 2 2 28 . 711005.. felling axes.
711007 over the entire surface. 3 mm. • Move the DMT folding sharpener over the bevel from the front or from the back (less risk of injury). • Moving the folding sharpener or stone slightly diagonally increases the contact area (no tilting). • Finally. (The front part of the blade. approx. • Move the combination stone over the entire surface. until all scratches are removed. 1 29 . you can hone off the burr that has formed on the back while you were sharpening the bevel (see Honing the back). • Pre-sharpen the back with the DMT folding sharpener.Drawknives (straight blade) HONING THE BACK • Hold the drawknife securely in your hand or fix it with a clamp. is important here. first with the 1000-grit side and then with the 6000-grit side. until all scratches are removed. 1 If you often sharpen the drawknife. • Shiny areas indicate the even parts of the stone.g. or only with the 6000-grit stone. SHARPENING THE BEVEL • Hold the drawknife securely in your hand or fix it with a clamp. you don‘t normally need to hone the back.) • Move the combination stone e. first with the 1000-grit side and then with the 6000-grit side. No. while the darker areas have not yet had contact with the sharpening stone or folding sharpener.
Only the bevels (facets) are worked on both blades (upper and lower). MAINTENANCE Pruning shears can get quite dirty because they tend to be used outside and get contaminated with plant juices. keeping the bevel angle. To ensure that the shears operate smoothly and to remove the dirt. you also adjust the blades. When assembling the tool. • Move the hone over the cutting edge from the front. DMT mini-hone set No. REMOVING THE BURR • To remove the burr. carefully guide the fine hone along the back of the blade. SHARPENING PROCESS • Hold the shears securely on a stable surface with one hand. 705445. Spray some oil into the joint and onto the blade and polish the blade with a dry cloth.Pruning Shears and Scissors If possible. use the Ballistol spray No. and check that the tool works smoothly and easily. 706282. 1 1 ASSEMBLY / DISASSEMBLY Make sure you use appropriate wrench sizes. Use the coarse (blue) DMT mini-hone for rough corrections or to remove nicks from the blade. to avoid damaging the screws. Use the fine (red) mini-hone for finishing. Don‘t overtighten the screw. 2 2 30 . pruning shears and scissors should be disassembled before sharpening.
• Repeat the sharpening process on all other stones. do not apply any pressure. you only remove the scratches that were created during sharpening. STROPPING THE RAZOR • Hang the strop on a fixed point (hook. • Open the razor wide and place the blade absolutely flat onto the strop. with the 800-grit stone for the actual sharpening process. each time removing the traces of the previous stone. Draw the razor in the direction of the back of the blade. • With each movement. your fingers only guide the razor without applying any pressure. Work with a flowing. you will cut the strop! 31 . leading with the back of the razor.Straight Razors SHARPENING Use 800 – 8000-grit sharpening stones for sharpening. • Pull the razor over the stone. keep the razor flat on the strop. • We recommend 15 – 20 strokes per side. Above all. with the fingers clasping the tang (the thin section between the blade and the handle). In the following steps. Always guide the blade at a 90° angle to the strop. Lifting the back even slightly would damage the leather. and when you get to the end of the stone turn the razor over its back. • Lay the blade down at a 90° angle to the long side of the stone and guide it carefully with two fingers. To make sure you don‘t damage the back of the razor. door knob) and tighten it with one hand. precise movement but not fast. Caution: If you guide the razor with the blade at the front. • Repeat this process until you obtain an even edge without any nicks. we recommend that you tape it up.
As with all sharpening pastes. 1 1 32 . Wipe any excess paste off the surface with a rag or paper towel. a strop surface coated with a particular grit-size or abrasive should be dedicated to that grit-size or abrasive alone. followed by un-pasted stropping on the leather side. The cotton should absorb the paste so that there is minimal coating on the surface. turn the razor over its back as described before. Rub a small amount of paste evenly onto the cotton side of your hanging strop. we recommend polishing the razor on the cotton side with the aluminium-oxide-based polishing paste. but never for a smaller-sized grit. you will cut the strop! right wrong • Just before you reach the end of the strop. The motion used on the pasted surface is identical to that used on the unpasted leather side. You can reuse this strop surface later for a larger-sized grit. Do not lift the razor off the strop but roll it over its back. using the heel of the hand. USING THE THIERS ISSARD SHARPENING PASTE This paste No. right wrong • Repeat the same movement.Caution: If you guide the razor with the blade at the front. 709019 is normally used for razors which are already in regular use to delay the basic sharpening or to make the blade even sharper for the daily shave. drawing the razor in the opposite direction with the back of the blade facing towards you. This keeps the razor in contact with the strop. Then work the paste thoroughly into the cotton surface of the strop. Before shaving. turn the razor over. When you reach the end of the strop.
To combat rust. scissors or the soles of bench planes. Only really sharp chisels or bench planes eave a smooth surface after cutting against the grain. For more information. like chisels. we recommend the polish and whetting paste Gundel-Putz No.Maintenance products After sharpening. 705280 or Ballistol No. our courses provide e! the most important basics for you to create perfect blades. 705270. HAR CUTT PENING ING T OOLS O ou rder Our w orksh recom o mend p ation ! S 33 . It also improves the running action of many tools. visit www. TESTING SHARPNESS The biggest challenge for any woodworking tool is presented by end grain. 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 A thin application of oil does more than prevent rust. The same applies to sharpening as to all crafts techniques: »Practice makes perfect!«. like camellia oil No. 705262.de/workshops r wo Under the guidance of experienced progr rkshop amm master craftsmen. Recommended courses We recommend that you attend one of our one-day sharpening courses. apply an acid-free rust-prevention oil. To prevent corrosion.more-than-tools. reach for a rust eraser 711530. each blade needs some special care. For removing dirt or grime.
participants will receive a 10% discount on any purchases* made in our shop. For each further participation. products from WoodRat® and reduced products. apprentices will receive a 10% discount on workshop fees. you will receive a 50 € DICTUM shopping voucher.more-than-tools.de or 34via telphone at +49-(0)991-9109-902. fascinating & exciting! Order our free workshop brochure online at www. Bonus card for workshops Loyalty pays! After participating in five workshops. DVDs. WORK SHOPS Apprentices Upon verification. WORK SHOPS 2012 . the value of your voucher will increase by 10 €. Experience our crafts courses: Unique. You will receive the bonus card automatically on registration. * except books. Combination bonus You will receive a 20 € DICTUM shopping voucher for booking a combination of basic and advanced courses or a series of courses.ts cipan Parti ive a rece OUNT DISC hases* % 0 c 1 y pur n on an e duratio for th workshop of a We reward loyal participants: 10 % discount For the duration of a workshop. mashine tools.
00 Barber scissors 26.00 Chisels 9. and benefit from our special conditions: Knives 6.00 Axes 9.00 Plane-blades.00 Plus shipping charges (gross prices) € € € € € € € Sharpening advice: +49-(0)991-9109-910 or +49-(0)1805-9109-910* * 14 cents/min from German landlines / calls from mobiles may cost more. 35 . carving tools.Tool sharpening service Have your other blades sharpened.00 Scissors 9. too.00 Wood working chisels 9. wood-cutting knives 9.
36 . from German landlines / calls from mobiles may cost more).DICTUM GmbH.com Webshop www. Germany Phone +49-(0)991-9109-902 or +49-(0)1805-9109-902* Fax +49-(0)991-9109-802 or +49-(0)1805-9109-802* E-mail info@dictum. 94526 Metten. Donaustraße 51.com Sharpening advice | Sharpening service Phone +49-(0)991-9109-910 or +49-(0)1805-9109-910* Order our workshop programme | Request workshop advice Phone +49-(0)991-9109-909 or +49-(0)1805-9109-909* *(14 cent/min.dictum.
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