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Solar power system structure and working principle

Solar power is the use of solar energy battery components directly into electrical energy. Solar Module (Solar cells) is the use of electronic characteristic of semiconductor materials to achieve solid PV conversion device, in the vast off-grid areas, the device can be easily implemented as user-powered lighting and living, and some developed countries also regional power grid to achieve complementarity. Current from the civilian point of view, mature technology in foreign countries, and begun to take industry is "PV - Building (lighting) integration" technology, while the domestic production of major research areas without electricity for a small solar home lighting power generation systems. 1. Principles of solar power Solar power generation system include: solar module (array), controller, batteries, inverters, lighting load that is composed of the user. Among them, the solar battery components and batteries for the power system, controller and inverter for the control and protection system, the load for the system terminals. 1.1 Solar power system Solar cell and battery components of the system power supply unit, so a direct impact on battery performance characteristics of the system work. (1) Battery Unit: As technology and material reasons, a single cell generating capacity is very limited, practical solar cells in a single cell by series and parallel to form a battery system, called the battery components (arrays). Single cell is a silicon diode, according to the electronic characteristic of semiconductor materials, when the sun light shines from the P-type and N-type conductivity of two different types of homogenous composition of semiconductor materials when the PN junction, under certain conditions , solar radiation absorbed by the semiconductor material in the conduction band and valence band of non-equilibrium carrier generation is electron and hole. Barrier at the PN junction with the existence of strong built-in area electrostatic field, which can be formed in the light of the current density J, short-circuit current Isc, open circuit voltage Uoc. If the sides of the built-in electric field leads to the electrode and connected to the load, by the PN junction theory, the connection circuit and the load form the loop, there is "photo-current" flows through the solar modules to achieve the power of the load P output.

. such as open or reversed when the battery cut off switch. the rated voltage matches the sinusoidal alternating current UN and other end users for the system. Currently both Hitachi developed a tracking control point Pm. SOLAR POWERED COMPACTING RUBBISH BIN we have decided to produce a compacting rubbish bin that is completely solar powered. The DC motor is powered by a 12 volt deep cycle battery maintained by a solar regulator that controls the charging level. Watt-hour battery capacity and therefore the amount of the intended consecutive An Shirong no sunshine decision. Battery technology is very mature. The company claims increased capacity reduces collection trips and can cut fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions by 80%. (570 kg). 1. system failures. . are with the photos Ming load frequency f. The fully portable bin incorporates a 30 watt Polycrystalline solar panel protected by a polycarbonate bubble. (2) electrical energy storage unit: Solar cells produce direct current into the battery before storage. The charge control usually the PWM pulse width modulation control. etc.Theoretical studies have shown that the peak power of solar modules Pk. 1. but its capacity to take power by the end of the sunshine time (generation time) effects. The units are around the same size as a normal bin but can handle 5 times the rubbish. so that the whole system is always running at maximum power point Pm near the area. filter. generally modulated SPWM processor. boost. by the local solar radiation intensity and the end of the average electricity load (electricity demand) decisions. Main function is to the DC battery The inverse into alternating current. The compactor is driven by a 1/6-HP DC gear-motor exerting a force of 1250 lbs. the battery characteristics of the system's efficiency and features. thanks to a unique compacting system. Through the full bridge circuit.3 DC-AC inverter Inverter by incentives can be divided into self-excited oscillation inverter and his excited oscillation inverter. the battery components will be fixed about 50% efficiency. Discharge control mainly refers to when the battery power shortage. and can track the sun moving parameter of the "sunflower" type of controller.2 Controller Controller's main function is to make solar power system is always in the vicinity of the maximum power generation in order to obtain maximum efficiency.

and easy installation Unique technology ensure that problems of water freezing and warping do not occur Design to meet unique demand of customer . Helps run pumps. The units can also incorporate modules for separation of recyclable materials. boats or cabins. This protects against moisture penetrating into the module. Materials used in the construction of the bin include galvanized sheet metal steel interior and exterior (recycled content). and small appliances such as stereos. fans. televisions and VCR's in caravans. 12 volt solar panel. Cells are laminated between high transmissivity. The STP030-12 modules are composed of 36 multi-crystalline silicon solar cells of similar performance. with stands high wind-pressure and snow load. 3mm tempered glass and sheet of tedlar-polyester-tedlar 'TPT' material by two sheets of ethylene Vinyl acetate 'EVA'. one bypass diode is installed. LED indicators on the bin provide a visual checking mechanism.The bins have an additional wireless communications feature whereby the unit can "call home" via SMS text when it is approaching capacity. For each 18 cells series strings. This can save on additional emissions and expenses involved with picking up bins that aren't full. heavy duty plastic side panels for dent and scratch resistance (also recycled content) and the hopper is made from leak proof low-density polyethylene plastic. A heavy-duty anodized aluminium frame provides strength and convenient mounting access. interconnected in series to obtain the 12 volt output. low-iron. and will provide enough power to trickle charge a 12V vehicle or deep cycle battery. lights. Features         High efficiency Nominal 12 V DC for standard output Outstanding low-light performance High transparent low-iron. Suntech Solar Panel 30Watt 12Volt (Multi-crystalline) The STP030-12 is a 30 watt. tempered glass Unique techniques give the panel following features: esthetic appearance.

Isc Optimum operating current .94 A Short circuit current . Its plates are designed to deliver maximum power for a short duration.2 kg Fullriver Sealed Lead Acid AGM Battery 12Volt 1. the battery life will be shortened proportionally to how deeply and frequently it is discharged. The high-density active material remains within the batteries' plate/grid structure longer. An automotive battery is an SLI battery (Starting.74 A -40 °C to +85°C 715V DC Mechanical Characteristics Multicrystalline Silicon Solar Cell 156mm x 39mm 36 (4 x 9) Cells in series 426 x 680 x 18 mm 3.Imp Operating temperature Maximum system voltage Cell No.They are typically used where the battery is discharged to great extent and then recharged. When an SLI battery is used in a deep cycle application or in a vehicle with heavy accessory loads. .2 V 1.6 V 17. The thick battery plates allow for reserve energy to be stored deep within the battery plate and released during slow discharge such as trolling or electronic instrument use.2Ah Deep-cycle batteries typically feature thick plates with a high-density active material.Vmp 21. resisting the normal degradation found in cycling conditions. Lighting & ignition).Voc Optimum operating voltage . of Cells and Connections Dimensions Weight 1. Starting an engine typically discharges an SLI battery 3% or less.Technical Specifications Electrical Characteristics Open circuit voltage . Deep Cycle refers to applications that typically discharge 60 to 70% or more of the battery capacity.

2 AH 52 H x 97 L x 43 W mm Capacity 77°F(25°C) Internal Resistance Capacity affected by Temperature (20 hour rate) Self-Discharge 77°F (25°C) Max.53AH Full charged Battery 77°F (25°C) 39m Ω 104°F (40°C) 102% 77°F (25°C) 100% 32°F (0°C) 85% 5°F (-15°C) 65% Capacity after 3 month storage 91% Capacity after 6 month storage 82% Capacity after 12 month storage 64% 18A(5S) F1 F2 Initial Charging Current 240mA Or Small 14.5V~14.and a slightly stronger acid.12A) 0. This chemistry allows for a much longer life in deep cycle applications with only a slight reduction in maximum power output.6V ~ 13.2AH 10 hour rate (110mA) 1.72AH 15 min rate (2.0AH 1 hour rate (720mA) 0. Discharge Current 77°F(25°C) Standard Terminal Optional Charging (Constant Voltage) Mechanical Characteristics Nominal Voltage Rated Capacity (20 hour rate) Dimensions Total height with terminal Cycle Float 58 mm Weight 0. Maintenance Free Low Self Discharge 3%/mth @25 C Fast Deep Discharge Recovery More Than 99% Gas Recombination High Power Density Deep Discharge Recovery True AGM Technology Expected life span of 4 to 6 years Technical Specifications Electrical Characteristics 20 hour rate (60mA) 1.8 V / 77°F(25°C) 12 V 1.The Fullriver Deep Cycle battery uses a different chemistry for the plates' active paste material.1AH 5 hour rate (200mA) 1.9V / 77°F(25°C) 13. able to be operated in any position.59 kg . General Features          Sealed Construction.

The role of a solar regulator is to control the amount of charge from a solar panel or wind turbine into a deep cycle battery bank. Energy Matters has all your solar regulator requirements. The controller is UL listed and is designed for both solar home systems and professional applications. The TriStar uses advanced technology and automated production to provide exciting new features at a competitive cost. No need to de-rate. Before you buy elsewhere.Morningstar Tristar45 Three Function Solar Controller A solar regulator. The optional TriStar meter is the most sophisticated and informative controller meter on the market. or charge controller. from small off grid applications to heavy duty charge controllers for commercial scale applications. load control or diversion regulation. Key Features and Benefits Highest Reliability Large heat sink and conservative design enables operating at full ratings to 45°C. is most often used with off grid wind and solar power systems. . The controller operates in one of these modes at a time and two or more controllers may be used to provide multiple functions. check our top named brands and prices! Morningstar’s TriStar Controller is a three-function controller that provides reliable solar battery charging.

data logging and remote monitoring and control. Optional meter displays extensive system and controller information. Meter connection via RJ-11 phone jack Easy to Reset Pushbutton provides manual reset and stop/start battery equalization or load disconnect.1D cm 1.2 cm Type 1. Full Adjustable DIP switch provides user with a choice of 7 different digital presets and custom settings via RS-232. Better Battery Charging Connecting battery sense wires and optional remote temperature sensor will improve control accuracy. Communications Capability RS-232 connects to a personal computer for custom settings.7W x 7.5/3. Simple Mechanical Interface Larger power terminals and conduit knockouts . Extra space for wire turns.More Power Ratings to 60A at 48VDC will handle solar arrays up to 4kW.6 kg 35mm²/2 AWG Eccentric 2. Low Telecom Noise DIP switch setting will change PWM to“On-Off” battery charging. indoor rated . Extensive Electronic Protections Fully protected against reverse polarity.Voc Self consumption: Mechanical Characteristics Dimensions Weight Largest wire Conduit knockouts Enclosure 45 A 12-48V 9V 125 V Controller < 20 mA. automatic self-test and reset capabilities. More Information 3 LED’s to indicate status. Constant voltage series PWM algorithm increases battery capacity and life. short circuit. high temperature and overvoltage. Technical Specifications Electrical Characteristics Tristar45 System voltage Min voltage Max solar voltage . overcurrent. faults and alarms. Meter 7. Fits on power panels.5 mA 26H x 12.

Depth 3. TENV Shaft: 1/2" x 1 5/8" Rotation = Reversible Thermal Protection = None Mounting: All Position No output for tachometer  Height 3.Electric Motors DC Right Angle Gear Motor 90 Volt 1/6HP DC Gear Motor.19 In.61 In .6 In. Width 2.