Chord
Brace
Brace
Figure 1: Joint Geometric Parameters
Chord Yield Strength
The chord yield strength is designated Fyc. It is taken as the smaller of the
yield strength, Fy, of the considered chord member and twothirds of the
tensile strength, Fu, of the chord member.
Overview of Punching Load Check
The program performs the punching load check based on the requirements for
simple joints presented in Section 4.3.1 of the American Petroleum Institute
2000 reference. In addition, if the joint classification associated with the
considered brace is specified as K Overlap, the punching load check also
considers the equations in Section 4.3.2 of the reference.
Acting Punching Shear
The acting punching shear, Vp, is calculated using API equation 4.3.11.
sin f V
p
= Eqn. 1
where f is the nominal axial, inplane bending, or outofplane bending stress.
The acting punching shear is kept separate for each type of stress.
Tubular Steel Frame Punching Load Check WSD2000 Check  Punching Shear Method
Allowable Punching Shear Stress Page 3 of 5
Allowable Punching Shear Stress
The allowable punching shear stress, vpa, in the chord wall is taken as the
lesser of the AISC shear allowable and API equation 4.3.12. The onethird
allowable stress increase is included for vpa where applicable. The AISC shear
allowable is taken as 0.4Fyc. Thus,
yc
yc
f q pa
0.4F
0.6
F
Q Q v s = Eqn. 2
where Qq is determined from API Table 4.3.11 and Qf is calculated as
described in the following subsection. Note that it is also possible for the user
to directly specify values for Qq and Qf.
Calculation of Qf
The Qf value used in Equation 2 is calculated as follows.
2
f
A 1.0 Q = Eqn. 3
where,
= 0.030 for brace axial stress.
= 0.045 for inplane bending stress.
= 0.021 for outofplane bending stress.
and,
yc
2
OPB
2
IPB
2
AX
0.6F
f f f
A
+ +
= Eqn. 4
The onethird allowable stress increase is included in the denominator of
Equation 4 where applicable. In Equation 4, the terms
AX
f ,
IPB
f and
OPB
f are
the nominal axial, inplane bending and outofplane bending stresses in the
chord.
Qf is set to 1.0 when all extreme fiber stresses in the chord are tensile. The
program considers this condition to be met when the axial stress in the chord
is tensile and 0 f f f
OPB IPB AX
> .
Tubular Steel Frame Punching Load Check WSD2000 Check  Punching Shear Method
Simple Joint Check Ratios Page 4 of 5
Simple Joint Check Ratios
The two ratios given in API equations 4.3.13a and 4.3.13b are calculated for
all joints.
0 . 1
v
V
v
V
Ratio1
2
OPB
pa
p
2
IPB
pa
p
s


.

\

+


.

\

= Eqn. 5
1.0
v
V
v
V
arcsin
2
v
V
Ratio2
2
OPB
pa
p
2
IPB
pa
p
AX
pa
p
s


.

\

+


.

\

+ = Eqn. 6
In Equation 6, the arcsin term is in radians. In Equations 5 and 6, AX means
axial load, IPB means inplanebending, and OPB means outofplane
bending.
Overlapping Joints
For braces that are assigned a K Overlap joint classification, the additional
check described in this section is performed. The axial load component of the
brace perpendicular to the chord, P , is first calculated.
Psin P = Eqn. 7
where P is the axial load in the brace.
The allowable axial load component of the brace perpendicular to the chord,
a
P , is calculated using API equation 4.3.21.
2 w wa 1 pa a
l t v 2 l T v P + = Eqn. 8
where,
vwa = Allowable shear stress for weld between braces.
tw = The lesser of the weld throat thickness or the thickness of the
thinner brace.
l1 = Circumference for that portion of the brace that contacts the chord.
l2 = Projected chord length (one side) of the overlapping weld measured
perpendicular to the chord.
Tubular Steel Frame Punching Load Check WSD2000 Check  Punching Shear Method
References Page 5 of 5
The ratio for overlapping joints is calculated using Equation 9.
a
P
P
Ratio3
= Eqn. 9
References
American Petroleum Institute (API). 2000. Recommended Practice for
Planning, Designing, and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms
Working Stress Design; API Recommended Practice 2AWSD (RP 2A
WSD). TwentyFirst Edition. December.