18 views

Uploaded by bryan eduardo villegas carrasco

- Advanced Power Electronics- I _Department Elective-I
- Modulation Method For A Dual-Buck Inverter Which Minimizes Zero Crossing Distortion And Circulating Current
- MATLAB_Simulink Implementation and Analysis of Three Pulse-Width
- Lecture 1
- Carrier 1
- DODEGACONAL multilevel inverter
- 120-298-1-PB
- 76292560 Electric Machines and Drives 273
- Din 2
- 05545828
- power electronics
- PE-Lab Manual-3.pdf
- Power Electronics
- 76292560 Electric Machines and Drives 269
- Power Video)
- UPEC2006 Atif Revised
- LOAD BALANCING IN PRIMARY DISTRIBUTION FEEDERS BY COMBINATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE AND VOLTAGE SOURCE INVERTER
- rashid_appF_images.ppt
- 02. PED
- Audi A6 hybrid and Audi A8 hybrid_635199423350825000.pdf

You are on page 1of 7

it can also be used to obtain time-varying voltages with a zero dc component when the duty cycle is 0.5. We now explore the capabilities of the full-bridge circuit as a dc-to-ac converter or inverter.

The full-bridge circuit feeding an inductive (RL) load is shown in Figure 1. Once again, we can use the pulse-width modulation (PWM) technique to obtain the required effective or maximum value of the time-varying output voltage. The output voltage, as shown in Figure-2, will undoubtedly have harmonic components in addition to the fundamental component. The harmonic components can be filtered out by including filter on the output side. The filter may not be necessary especially when the load is inductive such as an induction motor. A simple scheme of controlling the gating of the four switches is also shown. Although each switch is gated to be on for one-half the time period, each switch may not conduct for one-half the time period due to the constraints imposed by the load. The arrow-head shows the direction in which the current can flow through each switch. When a switch is gated on but the current is in the opposite direction, the freewheeling diode placed in antiparallel with the switch will provide the path for the current. Note that there are two intervals during which the output voltage is zero. During the time interval between a and b, the current i(t) circulates in the top-half of the circuit through S1 and D 3 and the voltage across the load is zero assuming the diode and the switch are ideal. Likewise, the current completes it path through S 4 and D 2 in the bottomhalf of the circuit during the time interval from c to d and the voltage across the load is zero.

Let us now determine the necessary equations to quantify the operation of the full-bridge inverter. We begin by assuming that the circuit has been operating for some time and it has attained its steady state. In order to obtain an output voltage with zero dc components, each switching action must last for one-half of the time period. The switch S1 is closed at t = 0. At this instant, S 2 is already in the closed position and the current is negative (in the direction opposite to that shown in Figure-1) and is equal to I1 . The other two switches are in the open position. Since each switch can conduct current only in the direction shown by the arrow when it is closed, diode

D1 provides the path for the current to flow. As shown in Figure-3, the current is negative

from t = 0 to t = t1 . During this interval, the diodes D1 and D 2 are carrying the current and the load voltage is VS . Since there is a voltage pulse for each half-cycle, we can define the duty cycle as

D= Pulse Width during each half cycle T/2

The differential equation that describes the operation from t = 0 to t = a is L di( t ) + R i( t ) = VS dt (1)

Hence, the expression for the current in the circuit during t = 0 and t = a is i( t ) = VS ( 1 e t / ) I1 e t / R (4)

The current attains its maximum value of I 2 at t = a = DT/2 and is obtained from (4) as

I2 =

VS ( 1 e DT / 2 ) I1 e DT / 2 R

(5)

At t = a, the switch S 2 is opened and the switch S3 is closed while the switch

S1 remains closed. Note that both the switches in the top-half of the circuit are in the

closed position while both the switches in the bottom-half of the circuit are in the open position. The current now circulates through D 3 and S1 and the voltage across the load is zero. This situation prevails until the switch S1 is opened and S 4 is closed at t = b. During the time interval from t = a to t = b, the differential equation governing the current in the circuit is L di( t ) + R i( t ) = 0 dt (6)

Its general solution is of the form i( t ) = B e t / Applying the initial condition at t = a = DT/2, i.e. i(a ) = I 2 , we get B = I 2 e DT / 2 Thus, the current expression from t = a to t = b is i( t ) = I 2 e DT / 2 e t / At t = b = T/2, the current decays to I1 such that (8) (7)

I1 = I 2 e DT / 2 e T / 2

From (5) and (9), we obtain

(9)

I2 =

and

VS R

1 e DT / 2 1 + e T / 2

(10)

I1 =

VS R VS R

1 e DT / 2 DT / 2 T / 2 e 1 + e T / 2 e e DT / 2 1 eT / 2 + 1

(11)

Hence, the currents during the positive cycle of the output voltage, from (4) and (8), respectively, are

i( t ) =

and

VS V ( 1 e t / ) S R R

e DT / 2 1 t / eT / 2 + 1 e

for 0 t DT / 2

(12)

i( t ) =

VS R

1 e DT / 2 DT / 2 t / e 1 + e T / 2 e

for DT / 2 t T / 2

(13)

At t = b = T/2, the negative half-cycle of the output voltage begins and lasts until t = T. During this half cycle, current reverses its direction because the voltage across the load is negative. From t = b = T/2 to t = T, the current expressions can be obtained from (12) and (13) by reversing the sign and changing t to (t T/2). That is,

i( t ) =

VS V e DT / 2 1 ( t 0.5T ) / e ( 1 e ( t 0.5T ) / ) + S T / 2 R R +1 e

(14)

i( t ) =

VS R

1 e DT / 2 DT / 2 ( t 0.5T ) / e 1 + e T / 2 e

(15)

for (1 + D)T / 2 t T.

Example: ____________________________________________________________

The full-bridge inverter is operating from a 120-V dc source and supplied power to a single-phase motor whose equivalent resistance and resistance are 5 and 20 mH, respectively. If the operating frequency is 50 Hz and the duty cycle is 50%, sketch the output voltage and current for one time period. Solution: From the given data, VS = 120 V, R = 5 , L = 20 mH, D = 0.5, f = 50 Hz, and T = 20 ms. The time constant is = L 20 10 3 = = 4 ms R 5

T 20 10 3 = = 2 .5 2 2 4 10 3 e T / 2 = e 2.5 = 0.082 e T / 2 = e 2.5 = 12.1825 We can now compute the currents I 2 and I1 , from (10) and (11), as I2 =

VS R

I1 =

VS R

The current expressions for the 4 time periods are as follows: (a) For t = 0 to t = a = DT/2 = 5 ms: The current expression during this time period is given by (4) as

i( t ) =

t1 = (b) 1 28.534 ln = 0.692 ms 250 24

For t = DT/2 = 5 ms to t = T/2 = 10 ms: Equation (8) yields the current equation during this time period as

i( t ) = I 2 e DT / 2 e t / = 15.825 e1.25 e t / 0.004 = 55.235 e 250 t A (c) For t = T/2 = 15 ms to t = (1+D)T/2 = 15 ms: Although the current expression is given by (14), it is lot simpler to obtain it from (4) by reversing its sign and changing t to (t-T/2). That is

Guru/PEDC2AC/FullBridge/ February 25, 2006

The current is zero when t2 = (d) 1 347.614 ln = 10.69 ms 250 24

For t = (1+D)T/2 = 15 ms to t = T = 20 ms: It is easier to obtain the current expression from (8) by reversing the sign and replacing t with t-T/2 as

The waveforms for the voltage across and the current through the inductive are given below.

- Advanced Power Electronics- I _Department Elective-IUploaded byThomas Russell
- Modulation Method For A Dual-Buck Inverter Which Minimizes Zero Crossing Distortion And Circulating CurrentUploaded byPremier Publishers
- MATLAB_Simulink Implementation and Analysis of Three Pulse-WidthUploaded bytieuphaps
- Lecture 1Uploaded byfaisal140
- Carrier 1Uploaded byMuruga Nandhan
- DODEGACONAL multilevel inverterUploaded byraghuaads
- 120-298-1-PBUploaded byJoe Ckho
- 76292560 Electric Machines and Drives 273Uploaded byAbhably Ablably
- Din 2Uploaded bydineshpeter
- 05545828Uploaded byDjamel Taibi
- power electronicsUploaded byNarasimman Don
- PE-Lab Manual-3.pdfUploaded byGECM85
- Power ElectronicsUploaded byUma Ilango
- 76292560 Electric Machines and Drives 269Uploaded byablbabybb
- Power Video)Uploaded byrohit
- UPEC2006 Atif RevisedUploaded byhyu2123
- LOAD BALANCING IN PRIMARY DISTRIBUTION FEEDERS BY COMBINATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE AND VOLTAGE SOURCE INVERTERUploaded byIJIERT-International Journal of Innovations in Engineering Research and Technology
- rashid_appF_images.pptUploaded byAtiq Ur Rehman
- 02. PEDUploaded byaravi1979
- Audi A6 hybrid and Audi A8 hybrid_635199423350825000.pdfUploaded byBas Haverkamp
- 00838096Uploaded byvk100
- 7_JPE-13-12-041Uploaded byGabriel Mejia
- Modeling of Three-Phase Induction Motor Inverter Fault Using SimulinkUploaded byAmir Rasyadan
- electical_syllabus_Uploaded byjaspreet
- vfd PRINTUploaded bySony Rama
- Power Electronics Lec 6 - TRIAC GTOUploaded byUmer Hanif
- PE_lab_manual_4th_sem.pdfUploaded bySadanandMaskaleSadanandMaskale
- Power Electronics Converters for Grid Intregrated Variable Speed_1Uploaded byGaurav Bhandari
- lecture6BUploaded byPavan Singh Tomar
- ref_07Uploaded byWilliam Javier Rosero Vargas

- Reducción de perdidas electricasUploaded byOswaldo Lucio
- Capitulo 1.- Normativa y Simbología Eléctrica p51Uploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- redadaptada.pdfUploaded byVictor Macedo Achancaray
- Protección_direccional_67NUploaded byfer8844
- Trab en Redes EnergizadasUploaded byRamiro Cruz Espinosa
- Lectura Critica 2014-2Uploaded byLuís Miguel Cabrera G
- Ejercicios de DeterminantesUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- IDMUploaded bygransargatan
- Bend Ice MeUploaded byapi-25992373
- Cnel Corp 0008 mUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Expo Evaluacion RiesgosUploaded byLuchito Chavez
- 333338174-Clase-10-y-11-Sobrecorriente-Direccional.pdfUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Actividades Ejecutadas Por El Grupo EnergizadoUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Disyuntor en Sf6 y en VacioUploaded byJonathan Silva
- LÓGICAUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Relación de La Química Con Otras Ciencias.Uploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Blog de Educacion ArtistUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Aliment Frenoseguro ModelUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Cosmo Final ModelUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- El Cine Como ArteUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Coop 16 de Octubre-modelUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- chakra garganta.pptxUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- 12Uploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- Trabajos LD Vf Final(1)Uploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- CNEL-GLR-TEC-2015-561-MUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- REACTIVOS ANTROPOLOK 48Uploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- 8. Tabla de Intensidades Maximas Admisibles en Servicio PermanenteUploaded bytouchmemory
- Transformadores y AutotransformadoresUploaded byEder Israel Chinga Muentes
- 18 Alberto Maldonado-modelUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco
- 1.1 Historia de La AdministracionUploaded bybryan eduardo villegas carrasco

- DM9368NUploaded byChi Chun Chiu
- Artigo de Rhea, Criação Do Effect SizeUploaded byLevy
- GER-4190 - Steam Turbine Thermal Evaluation and AssessmentUploaded byLuiz Magri
- (2010) Nick Blundell - Writing a Simple Operating System From ScratchUploaded byWendy Paramandhita
- HMT 113401 Anna UnivUploaded bysathiya_ram
- Automatic Grapheme_to_Phoneme Conversion of Arabic TextUploaded byAbbas Yerima
- Math 201 NotesUploaded byEleanor Nguyen
- Blockchain Training in HyderabadUploaded bychenna
- Optimizing DRX for Video delivery over LTEUploaded byhendra
- TEM Imaging WWWUploaded byCLPHtheory
- API Guide for Furnace InstrumentationUploaded byKrishnan Mani
- ZVF05-FS1Uploaded byprasadpandit123
- NachosUploaded bydxtravi
- PSDUploaded byKenny Samaroo
- Composite SlabUploaded bybsitler
- Art Science - Phenolic compounds in rosaceae fruits from ecuador.pdfUploaded byLuis Arturo RG
- Jigsaw Order Flow Trading ManualUploaded bymoby_rahman
- DESIGNING MAGNETIC COMPONENTS FOR HF DC-DC CONVERTERSUploaded byBookard
- Godrej Infotec Placement Paper | Freshers ChoiceUploaded byfresherschoice
- B.Tech (ME).pdfUploaded byAlok Singh
- Thermal Energy Storage in Solar Water Heating System by Using Paraffin Wax P- 60Uploaded byAVES HUSAINY
- AFE Week 1 HandoutUploaded bymariah.hafeez4474
- de applicationsUploaded bynoteasytobeboo
- 211493208-Turbulent-Flows-StephenT-B-Pope.pdfUploaded byHenry Asencios
- uc3844.pdfUploaded byAco Zekiri
- Spec Cm55 EnUploaded byNilxon Alejandro Jaramillo Díaz
- Domain of a CompositionUploaded bysteph
- Ip Addressing & Subnetting WorkbookUploaded byShahnawaz Usaphxai
- La Fenomenologia Lyotard Jean Francois PDFUploaded byChristian Miranda
- Slides Adapted FromUploaded byjustwish