You are on page 1of 18

Principles of Engineering Skills Test

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____

____

____

1. Solve the proportion


a 1
. 64

b
.

.
c
.

10

d
.

25

2. Solve bx + cy = d for x.
a
b
.
.

c
.

3. Evaluate
a 3,817.04
.

c
.

6,361.73

d
.

424.12

for r = 9 and h = 15.


b 1,215
.

d
.

Solve the equation.

____

____

4.
a 8
.

b
.

c
.

40

d
.

40

a 5
.

b
.

13

c
.

d
.

14

5.

____

6. The distance traveled at a constant speed is directly proportional to the time of travel. If Olivia traveled 112
miles in 3.5 hours, how many miles will Olivia travel in 8.9 hours at the same constant speed?
a 99.6 mi
b 284.8 mi
c 172.8 mi
d 124.4 mi
.
.
.
.

____

7. A balloon takes off from a location that is 158 ft above sea level. It rises 56 ft/min. Write an equation to model
the balloons elevation h as a function of time t.
a t = 158h + 56
b h = 56t + 158
c h = 158t + 56
d t = 56h + 158
.
.
.
.

____

8. A biologist took a count of the number of migrating waterfowl at a particular lake, and recounted the lakes
population of waterfowl on each of the next six weeks.

Week
Population

a
.
b
.

585

582

629

726

873

1,07
0

1,31
7

Find a quadratic function that models the data as a function of x, the number of weeks.
Use the model to estimate the number of waterfowl at the lake on week 8.

a
.
b
.
c
.
d
.

____

; 1,614 waterfowl
; 2,679 waterfowl
; 1,961 waterfowl
; 2,201 waterfowl

9. Which is the graph of


y
a
8
.

c
.

y
8

8 6 4 2 O
2

b
.

8 6 4 2 O
2

d
.

y
8

2
4

y
6

8 6 4 2 O
2

8 6 4 2 O
2

____ 10. Use vertex form to write the equation of the parabola.
y
8
6
4
2
8 6 4 2 O
2

4
6
8

a
.
b
.

c
.
d
.

____ 11. The function


models the height y in feet of a stone t seconds after it is dropped from the
edge of a vertical cliff. How long will it take the stone to hit the ground? Round to the nearest hundredth of a
second.
a 7.79 seconds
c 0.25 seconds
.
.
b 11.02 seconds
d 5.51 seconds
.
.

____ 12. The line of sight from a small boat to the light at the top of a 35-foot lighthouse built on a cliff 25 feet above
the water makes a 25 angle with the water. To the nearest foot, how far is the boat from the cliff?

35
ft

25 ft

25

Drawing is not to scale.

a 141 feet

128 feet

27 feet

75 feet

____ 13. Use the Law of Sines. Find

to the nearest tenth.

69

67
B
a 106.2
.

72
b
.

118.1

c
.

61.9

d
.

73.8

____ 14. Which of these types of electromagnetic radiation has the shortest wavelength and carries the greatest amount
of energy?
a infrared
c X ray
.
.
b visible
d microwave
.
.

____ 15. Which graph is the most appropriate to describe a quantity decreasing at a steady rate?
a
c
.
.

b
.

d
.

____ 16. Lena makes home deliveries of groceries for a supermarket. Her only stops after she leaves the supermarket
are at traffic lights and the homes where she makes the deliveries. The graph shows her distance from the
store on her first trip for the day. What is the greatest possible number of stops she made at traffic lights?
Distance

Time

a 3
.

b
.

c
.

d
.

Short Answer
17. The table shows the number of copies of a book sold per 100,000 people in the United States for five selected
years. The values in the first column are years since 1987, so
corresponds to 1987,
corresponds
to 1990, and so on.
Years since
Copies sold per 100,000
1987 (x)
people (y)

a
.
b
.

8.3

9.4

9.5

7.4

12

5.7

Use a graphing calculator to model the data with a quadratic function. Round the
coefficients and constant term to four decimal places.
Graph the data and the quadratic function.

c
.
d
.

Use the graph or the equation to estimate the number of copies sold per 100,000 people
in 1998.
Would you use the quadratic function to predict the number of copies sold per 100,000
people in 2005? Explain.

18. In a baseball game, an outfielder throws a ball to the second baseman. The path of the ball is modeled by the
equation
, where y is the height of the ball in feet after the ball has traveled x
feet horizontally. The second baseman catches the ball at the same height as the height at which the outfielder
released it.
a What was the maximum height of the ball along its path? Answer to the nearest foot.
.
b How far was the second baseman from the outfielder at the time he caught the ball?
.
c How high above the ground was the ball when it left the hand of the outfielder?
.

19. Howard is flying a kite and wants to find its angle of elevation. The string on the kite is 32 meters long and
the kite is level with the top of a building that he knows is 28 meters high.
a. Draw a diagram of the situation.
b. To the nearest tenth of a degree, find the angle of elevation. Show your work.
20. A plumber installs an elbow joint in a pipe to change its direction as shown in the figure. The first section of
pipe is 6 inches long, and the last section is 7 inches long. The elbow is a circular arc that subtends an angle of
75 as shown. The plumber wants to approximate the total length of the pipe, including the elbow joint, as
measured down the middle of the pipe. If the pipes diameter is 2 inches, what is the total length of the pipe?
Round your answer to the nearest tenth of an inch. Show your work.

7 in
9 in
75
9 in

2 in

6 in

21. Label each section of the graph.

22. An employee receives a weekly salary of $340 and a 6% commission on all sales.
a. Write a rule to describe the function f(d) that gives weekly earnings in terms of d dollars in sales.
b. Find the employees earnings for a week with $660 total sales.
c. What were the employees total sales for a week in which her earnings were $1300?

23. Graph the equation

Identify the vertex and the axis of symmetry of the parabola. Identify points corresponding to P and Q.
y
8

4
Q
8

O
4

24.

Essay
25. A manufacturing companys profits are modeled by the equation
, where y dollars is the
total profit and x is the number of items manufactured. Graph the equation and explain what the x- and yintercepts represent.
26. Use the following data:
.
a Make a scatter plot.
.
b Draw a trend line for your scatter plot.
.
c Write a linear equation for your trend line. Show your work.
.

27. Sketch a graph of the speed of a city bus on a daily route. Label each section.

Speed

A - bus pulls away from a stop and increases speed


B - bus is at a constant speed between stops
C - bus is stopped
D - bus increases speed after stopping

Time

Other

28.
A baseball player hits a fly ball that is caught about 4 seconds later by an outfielder. The path
of the ball is a parabola. The ball is at its highest point as it passes the second baseman, who is 127 feet from
home plate. About how far from home plate is the outfielder at the moment he catches the ball? Explain your
reasoning.

Principles of Engineering Skills Test


Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. ANS: D
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
OBJ: Ratios and Proportions
STA: CO 6.1
TOP: Skills Handbook: Ratios and Proportions

REF: 0-9 Ratios and Proportions


KEY: ratios | proportions

2. ANS:
REF:
OBJ:
TOP:
KEY:

B
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
0-11 Evaluating Formulas and Solving Literal Equations
Evaluating Formulas and Solving Literal Equations
Skills Handbook: Evaluating Formulas and Solving Literal Equations
evaluating formulas | equations | literal equations | formulas | solving equations

3. ANS:
REF:
OBJ:
TOP:
KEY:

A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
0-11 Evaluating Formulas and Solving Literal Equations
Evaluating Formulas and Solving Literal Equations
Skills Handbook: Evaluating Formulas and Solving Literal Equations
evaluating formulas | formulas | equations | solving equations

4. ANS:
REF:
OBJ:
TOP:
KEY:

B
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
0-14 Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities
Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities
Skills Handbook: Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities
linear equation | equations | solving linear equations

5. ANS:
REF:
OBJ:
TOP:
KEY:

A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
0-14 Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities
Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities
Skills Handbook: Solving Linear Equations and Inequalities
equations | solving linear equations

6. ANS: B
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 2-3 Direct Variation
OBJ: 2-3.1 Writing and Interpreting a Direct Variation
NAT: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2b | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM | S9.TSK3.PRA |
S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.10 | TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.54
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.6 | CO 5.1 | CO 6.1 TOP: 2-3 Example 4
KEY: direct variation | proportion | problem solving | word problem
MSC: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2b | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM | S9.TSK3.PRA |
S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.10 | TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.54
7. ANS: B
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 2-4 Using Linear Models
OBJ: 2-4.1 Modeling Real-World Data
NAT: NAEP A2f | NAEP A3a | NAEP A4c | CAT5.LV21/22.51 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 |
IT.LV17/18.AM | IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.DI | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.NS |

S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.15 | TV.LV21/22.16 |


TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.18 | TV.LVALG.54 | TV.LVALG.56
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.2 | CO 2.3 | CO 3.3 TOP: 2-4 Example 1
KEY: linear equation
MSC: NAEP A2f | NAEP A3a | NAEP A4c | CAT5.LV21/22.51 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 |
IT.LV17/18.AM | IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.DI | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.NS |
S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.15 | TV.LV21/22.16 |
TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.18 | TV.LVALG.54 | TV.LVALG.56
8. ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 5-1 Modeling Data With Quadratic Functions
OBJ: 5-1.2 Using Quadratic Models
NAT: NAEP A2e | NAEP A2g | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.DI | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.2 | CO 2.3 | CO 2.6 | CO 3.3
TOP: 5-1 Example 4
KEY: quadratic model | quadratic function | word problem | problem solving | multi-part question
MSC: NAEP A2e | NAEP A2g | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.DI | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
9. ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 5-3 Translating Parabolas
OBJ: 5-3.1 Using Vertex Form
NAT: NAEP G2c | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA |
S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 | TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
STA:
CO 2.4
TOP: 5-3 Example 1
KEY: graphing | translation
MSC: NAEP G2c | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA |
S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 | TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
10. ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 5-3 Translating Parabolas
OBJ: 5-3.1 Using Vertex Form
NAT: NAEP G2c | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA |
S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 | TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
STA:
CO 2.4
TOP: 5-3 Example 2
KEY: parabola | equation of a parabola | vertex form
MSC: NAEP G2c | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA |
S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 | TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
11. ANS: D
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 5-5 Quadratic Equations
OBJ: 5-5.1 Solving by Factoring and Finding Square Roots
NAT: NAEP A4a | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.52 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM |
IT.LV17/18.CP | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.12 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
STA: CO 2.3 | CO 2.6 | CO 6.1
TOP: 5-5 Example 3
KEY: round a number | word problem | problem solving
MSC: NAEP A4a | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.52 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM |
IT.LV17/18.CP | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.12 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
12. ANS: B

PTS: 1

DIF: L1

REF: 14-3 Right Triangles and Trigonometric Ratios


OBJ: 14-3.1 Finding the Lengths of Sides in a Right Triangle
NAT: NAEP M1m | CAT5.LV21/22.46 | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.55 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 |
IT.LV17/18.AM | IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.FR | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.NS |
S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.13 | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.53 | TV.LVALG.58
STA: CO 4.4 | CO 5.1
TOP: 14-3 Example 1
KEY: trigonometric ratios | tangent function | angle measure | problem solving
MSC: NAEP M1m | CAT5.LV21/22.46 | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.55 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 |
IT.LV17/18.AM | IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.FR | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.NS |
S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.13 | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.53 | TV.LVALG.58
13. ANS: D
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 14-4 Area and the Law of Sines
OBJ: 14-4.1 Area and the Law of Sines
NAT: NAEP A4e | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.55 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM |
IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA |
TV.LV21/22.13 | TV.LV21/22.14 | TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.53 | TV.LVALG.58
STA: CO 4.4 | CO 5.1
TOP: 14-4 Example 2
KEY: Law of Sines
MSC: NAEP A4e | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.55 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM |
IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA |
TV.LV21/22.13 | TV.LV21/22.14 | TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.53 | TV.LVALG.58
14. ANS: C
Electromagnetic radiation occurs across a continuum which varies in wavelength, frequency, and amount of
energy carried by a wave. From highest energy and shortest wavelength, to lowest energy and longest
wavelength, forms of radiation include gamma radiation, X rays, ultraviolet radiation, visible light, ultraviolet
radiation, microwave radiation, and radio waves.
Feedback
A
B
C
D

Infrared radiation has a longer wavelength and carries less energy than visible light.
Visible light falls between infrared and ultraviolet radiation on the electromagnetic
spectrum.
Correct!
Microwaves have longer wavelengths than several other types of radiation, including
visible, ultraviolet and gamma rays.

PTS: 1
DIF: Grade 10
REF: Science
OBJ: Understands that matter may act as a wave, a particle, or something else entirely different with its own
characteristic behavior.
TOP: The Nature of Matter
KEY: electromagnetic radiation | wavelength | energy
MSC: SC-10-00288
15. ANS: C
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 5-1 Relating Graphs to Events
OBJ: 5-1.1 Interpreting, Sketching, and Analyzing Graphs
NAT: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2c | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.14 | TV.LV19.15 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LVALG.56
STA: CO 1.5 | CO 2.2
TOP: 5-1 Example 3
KEY: graphing | analyze a graph
MSC: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2c | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.14 | TV.LV19.15 | TV.LV19.17 |

TV.LVALG.56
16. ANS: A
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
REF: 5-1 Relating Graphs to Events
OBJ: 5-1.1 Interpreting, Sketching, and Analyzing Graphs
NAT: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2c | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.14 | TV.LV19.15 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LVALG.56
STA: CO 1.5 | CO 2.2
TOP: 5-1 Example 1
KEY: graphing | interpret a graph | reasoning
MSC: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2c | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.14 | TV.LV19.15 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LVALG.56
SHORT ANSWER
17. ANS:
a
.
b
.

12

Copies Sold per 100,000 People

11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1

c
.
d
.

years

10

11

12

about 6.4 copies sold per 100,000 people


No; the value of y for x = 18 is about
sense.

, and a negative value for y does not make

PTS: 1
DIF: L3
REF: 5-1 Modeling Data With Quadratic Functions
OBJ: 5-1.2 Using Quadratic Models
NAT: NAEP A2e | NAEP A2g | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.DI | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.2 | CO 2.3 | CO 2.6 | CO 3.3
KEY: quadratic function | quadratic model | problem solving | word problem | multi-part question
MSC: NAEP A2e | NAEP A2g | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.DI | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57

18. ANS:
a 44 ft
.
b 375 ft
.
c 5 ft
.

PTS: 1
DIF: L3
REF: 5-3 Translating Parabolas
OBJ: 5-3.1 Using Vertex Form
NAT: NAEP G2c | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA |
S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 | TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
STA:
CO 2.4
TOP: 5-3 Example 3
KEY: quadratic model | parabola | multi-part question | problem solving | word problem
MSC: NAEP G2c | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 | IT.LV17/18.AM | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.PRA |
S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 | TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
19. ANS:

kite

32 m

28 m

Howard
a.
b.

definition of sine
Use the inverse of the sine function.

PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 14-3 Right Triangles and Trigonometric Ratios
OBJ: 14-3.2 Finding the Measures of Angles in a Right Triangle
NAT: NAEP M1m | CAT5.LV21/22.46 | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.55 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 |
IT.LV17/18.AM | IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.FR | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.NS |
S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.13 | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.53 | TV.LVALG.58
STA: CO 4.4 | CO 5.1
TOP: 14-3 Example 5
KEY: angle measure | trigonometric ratios | problem solving | sine function | multi-part question
MSC: NAEP M1m | CAT5.LV21/22.46 | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.55 | CAT5.LV21/22.56 |
IT.LV17/18.AM | IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.FR | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.GM | S9.TSK3.NS |

S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.GM | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.13 | TV.LV21/22.14 |


TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.53 | TV.LVALG.58
20. ANS:
Note: The following is only a sample answer. All reasonable answers should be accepted.
about 26.1 inches
The radius of the circle through the center of the elbow joint is:
inches
Find the arc length of the elbow joint through its center:
inches
Find the total length of the pipe:
inches
PTS:
OBJ:
STA:
MSC:

1
DIF: Bloom's Level: Application
REF: Workplace
Demonstrate the meanings of area under a curve and length of an arc.
10-12: 5.1
TOP: Measurement
KEY: arc length | length
MA-10-00368

21. ANS:
Answers may vary. Sample:

A - speed is slowing, as if skating uphill


B - gaining speed quickly, as if beginning a downhill descent
C - high speed briefly, as if just skating down a hill
D - constant speed for some time, as if skating on an even surface
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
REF: 5-1 Relating Graphs to Events
OBJ: 5-1.1 Interpreting, Sketching, and Analyzing Graphs
NAT: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2c | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.14 | TV.LV19.15 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LVALG.56
STA: CO 1.5 | CO 2.2
KEY: graphing | interpret a graph | reasoning | writing in math
MSC: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2c | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.14 | TV.LV19.15 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LVALG.56
22. ANS:

a.
b. $379.60
c. $16,000
PTS: 1
DIF: L3
REF: 5-4 Writing a Function Rule
OBJ: 5-4.1 Writing Function Rules
NAT: NAEP A1e | NAEP A3a | CAT5.LV19.53 | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.16 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LV19.18 | TV.LVALG.56 STA:
CO 1.1 | CO 2.2 | CO 2.10
KEY: function | multi-part question | word problem | problem solving
MSC: NAEP A1e | NAEP A3a | CAT5.LV19.53 | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.16 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LV19.18 | TV.LVALG.56
23. ANS:
y
4
2

2
4

PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 2-2 Linear Equations
OBJ: 2-2.1 Graphing Linear Equations
NAT: NAEP A1h | NAEP A2a | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.51 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.CP | S9.TSK3.NS | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.54 | TV.LVALG.56
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.3 | CO 2.4 | CO 2.5 | CO 2.6
TOP: 2-2 Example 1
KEY: linear equation | graphing
MSC: NAEP A1h | NAEP A2a | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.51 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.CP | S9.TSK3.NS | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.54 | TV.LVALG.56
24. ANS:
(1, 2), x = 1
P'(0, 1), Q'(3, 2)
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
REF: 5-1 Modeling Data With Quadratic Functions
OBJ: 5-1.1 Quadratic Functions and Their Graphs
NAT: NAEP A2e | NAEP A2g | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.DI | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.2 | CO 2.3 | CO 2.6 | CO 3.3
TOP: 5-1 Example 2
KEY: parabola | vertex of a parabola | axis of symmetry

MSC: NAEP A2e | NAEP A2g | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM


| IT.LV17/18.DI | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
ESSAY
25. ANS:
[
4
]

y
60000
40000
20000

40000

40000

80000

120000

20000
40000
60000

[
3
]
[
2
]
[
1
]

The y-intercept represents the set-up costs and the x-intercept represents the least
number of items for which the company does not lose money, or a break-even point.
minor errors in graph or explanation
correct graph with incorrect explanation or incorrect graph with correct explanation
no graph and errors in explanation or no explanation and errors in graph

PTS: 1
DIF: L3
REF: 2-2 Linear Equations
OBJ: 2-2.1 Graphing Linear Equations
NAT: NAEP A1h | NAEP A2a | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.51 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.CP | S9.TSK3.NS | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.54 | TV.LVALG.56
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.3 | CO 2.4 | CO 2.5 | CO 2.6
TOP: 2-2 Example 2
KEY: x-intercept | y-intercept | graphing | linear equation | word problem | problem solving | extended
response | rubric-based question
MSC: NAEP A1h | NAEP A2a | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.51 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.CP | S9.TSK3.NS | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LV21/22.52 | TV.LVALG.54 | TV.LVALG.56
26. ANS:
[ ab.
4

Answers may vary. Sample:

]
y
16
12
8
4

12

c.
Using the points (2, 1) and (5,13), the equation is

or

.
[
3
]
[
2
]
[
1
]

only two parts correct


only one part correct
correct answers but work not shown

PTS: 1
DIF: L3
REF: 2-4 Using Linear Models
OBJ: 2-4.2 Predicting With Linear Models
NAT: NAEP A2f | NAEP A3a | NAEP A4c | CAT5.LV21/22.51 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 |
IT.LV17/18.AM | IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.DI | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.NS |
S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.15 | TV.LV21/22.16 |
TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.18 | TV.LVALG.54 | TV.LVALG.56
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.2 | CO 2.3 | CO 3.3 TOP: 2-4 Example 4
KEY: linear model | extended response | rubric-based question
MSC: NAEP A2f | NAEP A3a | NAEP A4c | CAT5.LV21/22.51 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 |
IT.LV17/18.AM | IT.LV17/18.CP | IT.LV17/18.DI | IT.LV17/18.PS | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.NS |
S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.NS | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.15 | TV.LV21/22.16 |
TV.LV21/22.17 | TV.LV21/22.18 | TV.LVALG.54 | TV.LVALG.56
27. ANS:

[4]

[3]
[2]
[1]

OR similarly shaped graph with appropriately placed labels


one error in graph shape or labeling
two errors in graph shape or labeling
three error in graph shape or labeling

PTS: 1
DIF: L2
REF: 5-1 Relating Graphs to Events
OBJ: 5-1.1 Interpreting, Sketching, and Analyzing Graphs
NAT: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2c | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.14 | TV.LV19.15 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LVALG.56
STA: CO 1.5 | CO 2.2
KEY: graphing | sketch a graph | rubric-based question | extended response
MSC: NAEP A2a | NAEP A2c | CAT5.LV19.54 | IT.LV15.DI | TV.LV19.14 | TV.LV19.15 | TV.LV19.17 |
TV.LVALG.56
OTHER
28. ANS:
The outfielder is about 254 feet from home plate. The parabola is symmetric about its axis, which is a vertical
line. The second baseman is at a point on this axis of symmetry. So the outfielder is the same distance from
the second baseman as the second baseman is from home plate. 127 + 127 = 254, so the distance from home
plate to the outfielder is about 254 feet.
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
REF: 5-1 Modeling Data With Quadratic Functions
OBJ: 5-1.1 Quadratic Functions and Their Graphs
NAT: NAEP A2e | NAEP A2g | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.DI | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57
STA: CO 2.1 | CO 2.2 | CO 2.3 | CO 2.6 | CO 3.3
KEY: parabola | axis of symmetry | writing in math | reasoning
MSC: NAEP A2e | NAEP A2g | CAT5.LV21/22.50 | CAT5.LV21/22.53 | CAT5.LV21/22.54 | IT.LV17/18.AM
| IT.LV17/18.DI | S9.TSK3.DSP | S9.TSK3.PRA | S10.TSK3.DSP | S10.TSK3.PRA | TV.LV21/22.14 |
TV.LV21/22.16 | TV.LVALG.56 | TV.LVALG.57