It follows : 17.

2 TIMBER STRESS GRADES FOR GLULAM COLUMNS

E

= EMEAN
=

σc,par

X K20

10800 X

1.07 = 11556

= σ grade x K3

X K17

=

7.9 X

1X

1.04 =

8.216

=

7.9 X

1.25 X

1.04 =

10.27

=

7.9 X

1.5 X

1.04 = 12.324

=

7.9 X

1.75 X

1.04 = 14.378

E/σc,par =

11556 /

8.22 =

1407

=

11556 /

10.3 =

1125

=

11556 /

12.3 =

937.7

=

11556 /

14.4 =

803.7

FOR SERVICE CLASS 3
E

= EMEAN
=

σc,par

X K2

10800 X

X K20

0.8 X

= σ grade x K2

1.07 = 9244.8

X K3

X K17

=

7.9 X

0.6 X

1X

1.04 =

4.9296

=

7.9 X

0.6 X

1.25 X

1.04 =

6.162

=

7.9 X

0.6 X

1.5 X

1.04 =

7.3944

=

7.9 X

0.6 X

1.75 X

1.04 =

8.6268

E/σc,par =

9244.8 /

4.93 =

1875

=

9244.8 /

6.16 =

1500

=

9244.8 /

7.39 =

1250

=

9244.8 /

8.63 =

1072

TABLE 15.1 DETAMINATION OF E/σ FOR SERVICES CLASSES 1 AND 2 AND 3

Long
σc//g

E
C14
C16
C18
C22
C24
TR26
C27
Kempas
Teak

4600
5800
6000
6500
7200
7400
8200
16000
7400

E/σc//g

5.2
6.8
7.1
7.5
7.9
8.2
8.2
19.4
13.4

885
853
845
867
911
902
1000
825
552

Long
σc//g

E
C14
C16
C18
C22
C24
TR26
C27
Kempas
Teak

3680
4640
4800
5200
5760
5920
6560
12800
5920

3.12
4.08
4.26
4.5
4.74
4.92
4.92
11.64
8.04

SERVICE CLASSES 1 AND 2
Medium
Short
σc//g
E/σc//g
σc//g
E/σc//g

E/σc//g

6.5
8.5
8.875
9.375
9.875
10.25
10.25
24.25
16.75

708
682
676
693
729
722
800
660
442

7.8
10.2
10.65
11.25
11.85
12.3
12.3
29.1
20.1

590
569
563
578
608
602
667
550
368

SERVICE CLASSES 1 AND 3
Medium
Short
σc//g
E/σc//g
σc//g
E/σc//g

1179
1137
1127
1156
1215
1203
1333
1100
736

3.9
5.1
5.325
5.625
5.925
6.15
6.15
14.55
10.05

944
910
901
924
972
963
1067
880
589

4.68
6.12
6.39
6.75
7.11
7.38
7.38
17.46
12.06

786
758
751
770
810
802
889
733
491

Very Short
σc//g
9.1
11.9
12.425
13.125
13.825
14.35
14.35
33.95
23.45

Very Short
σc//g
5.46
7.14
7.455
7.875
8.295
8.61
8.61
20.37
14.07

Very Short E/σc//g 505 487 483 495 521 516 571 471 316 Very Short E/σc//g 674 650 644 660 694 688 762 628 421 .

302 0.604 0.293 0.406 0.500 0.761 0.827 0.928 0.188 0.407 1.K12 and Euler Stress Value FOR C24 glulam Service Classes 1 and 2 Service Classes 3 Euler Medium Short Very Short Long Medium Stress Long E/σc.976 0.215 0.907 0.324 0.144 0.394 0.230 0.817 0.406 0.373 0.811 0.952 0.540 0.221 0.612 0.929 0.205 0.235 0.146 0.778 0.263 0.976 0.225 0.794 0.792 0.248 0.704 0.952 0.836 0.600 0.175 0.462 0.883 0.738 0.652 0.831 0.353 0.628 0.788 0.473 0.259 0.293 0.155 0.501 0.450 0.173 0.837 0.215 0.115 0.193 0.400 0.206 0.385 0.205 0.197 0.355 0.748 0.952 0.272 0.247 0.281 0.854 0.556 0.133 0.121 0.701 0.259 0.438 0.240 0.236 0.862 0.905 0.347 0.166 0.498 0.434 0.418 0.532 0.248 0.225 0.231 0.904 0.260 0.903 0.658 0.975 0.883 0.875 0.183 0.445 0.260 0.734 0.262 0.531 0.472 0.335 0.466 0.884 0.213 1.635 0.650 0.206 0.786 0.720 0.195 0.928 0.725 0.230 0.250 0.799 0.346 0.310 0.530 0.594 0.184 0.535 0.236 0.822 0.372 0.928 0.878 0.749 0.523 0.140 0.147 0.689 0.277 0.163 0.323 0.881 0.624 0.769 0.425 0.371 0.312 0.380 0.685 0.431 0.562 0.626 0.299 0.840 0.174 0.314 0.724 0.217 0.427 0.405 0.125 0.579 0.182 .906 0.859 0.509 0.158 0.929 0.805 0.487 0.445 0.126 0.707 0.595 0.287 0.929 0.513 0.464 0.906 0.393 0.284 0.271 0.333 0.131 0.759 0.658 0.388 0.370 0.330 0.952 0.712 0.181 0.573 0.197 0.952 0.771 0.680 0.567 0.670 0.879 0.976 0.860 0.par 1.631 0.192 0.550 0.737 0.212 0.813 0.301 0.329 0.604 0.976 0.159 0.318 0.976 0.201 0.851 0.284 0.688 0.125 938 804 λ 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200 205 0.487 0.137 0.465 0.763 0.182 0.110 (N/mm2) 4566 1141 507 285 183 127 93 71 56 46 38 32 27 23 20 18 16 14 13 11 10 9 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 1.244 0.857 0.349 0.366 0.166 0.172 0.273 0.576 0.189 0.338 0.354 0.151 0.496 0.247 0.217 0.498 0.309 0.564 0.652 0.952 0.296 0.676 0.152 0.223 0.415 0.275 0.

105 0.087 0.139 0.183 0.076 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.118 0.123 0.106 0.158 0.110 0.079 0.159 0.127 0.210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 0.137 0.167 0.166 0.085 0.138 0.153 0.114 0.093 0.170 0.142 0.102 0.190 0.161 0.097 0.106 0.134 0.134 0.164 0.129 .197 0.176 0.098 0.110 0.149 0.153 0.155 0.090 0.147 0.089 0.115 0.144 0.101 0.120 0.204 0.128 0.132 0.094 0.174 0.122 0.102 0.082 0.

072 0.268 0.215 0.520 0.284 0.384 0.609 0.350 0.669 0.652 0.492 0.296 0.776 0.639 0.746 0.549 0.976 0.698 0.168 0.165 0.782 0.lam Service Classes 3 Short 1.755 0.716 0.204 0.579 0.361 0.198 0.833 0.439 0.856 0.522 0.253 0.160 0.189 0.173 0.554 0.684 0.882 0.408 0.727 0.804 0.976 0.158 Very Short 1.176 0.207 0.492 0.250 0.180 0.194 0.240 0.465 0.319 0.830 0.952 0.858 0.952 0.905 0.808 0.339 0.905 0.227 0.435 0.929 0.331 0.619 0.392 0.140 Euler Stress (N/mm2) 3653 913 406 228 146 101 75 57 45 37 30 25 22 19 16 14 13 11 10 9 8 8 7 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 .313 0.462 0.146 0.153 0.370 0.415 0.281 0.301 0.587 0.881 0.185 0.240 0.928 0.229 0.218 0.253 0.266 0.

114 0.115 0.129 0.109 0.123 0.101 0.111 0.134 0.134 0.118 0.0.152 0.140 0.128 0.105 0.146 0.120 0.098 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 .124 0.

307 0.655 0.835 0.540 0.483 0.188 0.851 0.952 0.079 0.201 0.601 0.116 0.559 0.975 0.951 0.385 0.975 0.123 0.662 0.324 0.118 0.548 0.150 0.165 0.578 0.143 0.815 0.140 0.536 0.392 0.131 0.236 0.437 0.133 0.320 0.219 0.175 0.378 0.107 0.112 0.186 0.589 0.306 0.075 0.454 0.754 0.207 0.150 0.289 0.197 0.314 0.926 0.280 0.680 0.141 0.217 0.098 0.616 0.926 0.804 0.879 0.872 0.156 0.371 0.725 0.125 0.342 0.146 0.846 0.306 0.227 0.976 0.903 0.262 0.212 0.418 0.083 0.118 0.079 0.118 0.236 0.068 (N/mm2) 6322 1580 702 395 253 176 129 99 78 63 52 44 37 32 28 25 22 20 18 16 14 13 12 11 10 9 9 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 Service Classes 3 Medium 1.517 0.825 0.280 0.123 0.158 0.498 0.904 0.186 0.975 0.951 0.490 0.149 0.247 0.355 0.163 0.143 880 0.185 0.289 0.par 825 660 550 471 λ 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200 205 0.119 .093 0.082 0.928 0.208 0.196 0.124 0.227 0.158 0.328 0.222 0.095 0.927 0.856 0.243 0.179 0.868 0.623 0.619 0.244 0.136 0.504 0.211 0.706 0.352 0.092 0.951 0.583 0.106 0.732 0.258 0.976 0.273 0.138 0.131 0.155 0.175 0.299 0.199 0.219 0.097 0.654 0.905 0.374 0.575 0.632 0.796 0.389 0.421 0.691 0.797 0.246 0.282 0.266 0.112 0.102 0.251 0.129 0.109 0.744 0.468 0.100 0.344 0.781 0.286 0.328 0.469 0.414 0.268 0.626 0.976 0.166 0.492 0.086 0.902 0.527 0.183 0.112 0.143 0.406 0.448 0.777 0.704 0.160 0.161 0.898 0.878 0.409 0.186 0.366 0.765 0.553 0.793 0.687 0.337 0.748 0.167 0.130 0.196 0.088 0.409 0.173 0.124 0.176 0.072 0.952 0.171 0.533 0.654 0.718 0.900 0.853 0.263 0.952 0.928 0.451 0.304 0.928 0.662 0.209 0.091 0.831 0.257 0.727 0.150 0.698 0.K12 FOR KEMPUS Service Classes 1 and 2 Euler Medium Short Very Short Long Stress Long E/σc.497 0.823 0.342 0.233 0.231 0.881 0.440 0.101 0.103 0.366 0.198 0.841 0.150 0.761 0.806 0.875 0.136 0.171 0.768 0.591 0.451 0.

261 178.9 0.027 0.044 166.029 0.072 0.081 0.072 0.102 6 0.120 0.063 0.117 0.087 0.062 0.016 1 0.092 0.089 5 0.050 0.108 0.116 0.081 0.061 0.137 0.336 0.181 0.058 0.035 0.018 0.103 0.057 0.075 0.181 11 0.210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 0.145 0.064 0.131 0.055 0.054 0.022 0.052 121.056 0.033 0.091 0.060 0.104 0.082 320.292 130.029 .210 0.303 0.085 0.034 0.063 0.164 0.121 0.237 0.137 0.054 0.069 0.065 0.8 0.040 0.205 0.069 0.042 0.1 0.109 0.159 9 0.025 1 0.108 0.173 436 0.5 0.085 0.053 0.126 0.084 0.088 0.089 0.066 0.099 0.049 0.100 0.029 2 0.078 0.3 0.206 0.096 0.095 0.1 0.103 0.112 0.047 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 0.048 0.249 0.078 0.114 0.153 346.100 0.183 0.279 0.066 0.104 0.075 0.

190 0.975 0.119 0.111 0.136 0.117 0.522 0.655 0.106 0.179 0.126 0.344 0.716 0.374 0.282 0.739 0.216 0.410 0.133 0.849 0.293 0.204 0.263 0.813 0.219 0.191 0.951 0.252 0.753 0.975 0.129 0.901 0.203 0.230 0.819 0.179 0.596 0.151 0.876 0.845 0.406 0.235 0.352 0.555 0.149 0.787 0.637 0.480 0.123 0.107 0.778 0.089 Euler Stress (N/mm2) 5057 1264 562 316 202 140 103 79 62 51 42 35 30 26 22 20 17 16 14 13 11 10 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 .168 0.272 0.102 Very Short 628 0.143 0.246 0.698 0.326 0.093 0.303 0.610 0.565 0.160 0.516 0.140 0.442 0.927 0.902 0.927 0.Service Classes 3 Short 733 0.097 0.874 0.478 0.318 0.380 0.113 0.677 0.951 0.169 0.158 0.443 0.102 0.

038 1 0.079 0.081 0.066 0.044 0.097 0.093 0.073 0.070 0.132 0.256 0.061 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.082 0.063 0.228 9 0.228 0.071 0.202 7 0.0.068 0.037 0.115 4 0.085 0.024 0.032 1 0.021 1 .074 0.078 0.131 5 0.076 0.149 0.085 0.089 0.

121 0.181 0.074 0.097 0.172 0.063 0.551 0.308 0.210 0.753 0.105 0.107 0.441 0.517 0.290 0.097 0.071 0.117 0.343 0.113 0.292 0.631 0.191 0.381 0.081 0.843 0.054 0.633 0.103 0.353 0.107 0.106 0.057 0.112 0.091 0.180 0.084 .130 0.099 0.216 0.499 0.465 0.223 0.231 0.392 0.150 0.087 0.391 0.206 0.194 0.119 0.358 0.142 0.327 0.563 0.491 0.303 0.101 0.133 0.082 0.123 0.102 589 0.410 0.078 0.142 0.892 0.141 0.901 0.093 0.696 0.411 0.584 0.086 0.177 0.484 0.280 0.230 0.244 0.079 0.637 0.152 0.642 0.161 0.806 0.139 0.096 0.267 0.060 0.810 0.598 0.975 0.596 0.832 0.105 0.126 0.792 0.092 0.677 0.092 0.066 0.067 0.812 0.203 0.841 0.087 0.975 0.716 0.264 0.355 0.541 0.900 0.064 0.950 0.067 0.927 0.176 0.113 0.133 0.375 0.449 0.054 0.126 0.664 0.315 0.087 0.322 0.078 0.133 0.par 552 442 368 316 λ 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200 205 0.247 0.872 0.876 0.049 0.150 0.152 0.680 0.304 0.170 0.246 0.228 0.212 0.057 0.787 0.110 0.311 0.923 0.064 0.283 0.432 0.117 0.329 0.822 0.924 0.083 0.768 0.444 0.101 0.951 0.254 0.124 0.849 0.862 0.184 0.856 0.426 0.867 0.556 0.873 0.168 0.192 0.154 0.481 0.083 0.131 0.190 0.776 0.197 0.136 0.644 0.142 0.975 0.163 0.926 0.532 0.247 0.951 0.698 0.927 0.047 (N/mm2) 4566 1141 507 285 183 127 93 71 56 46 38 32 27 23 20 18 16 14 13 11 10 9 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 Service Classes 3 Medium 736 0.159 0.346 0.895 0.092 0.975 0.144 0.975 0.098 0.819 0.759 0.151 0.208 0.060 0.902 0.224 0.723 0.121 0.071 0.160 0.434 0.733 0.076 0.951 0.088 0.346 0.163 0.390 0.690 0.602 0.898 0.119 0.975 0.112 0.240 0.507 0.052 0.280 0.726 0.223 0.113 0.184 0.925 0.275 0.587 0.267 0.130 0.074 0.951 0.773 0.951 0.K12 FOR TEAK Service Classes 1 and 2 Euler Medium Short Very Short Long Stress Long E/σc.747 0.537 0.070 0.479 0.170 0.259 0.386 0.202 0.

040 0.080 0.210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 0.044 0.066 0.045 0.042 0.097 0.047 0.069 0.037 0.061 0.052 0.039 0.070 0.045 0.056 0.076 0.059 0.050 0.058 0.043 0.046 0.032 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0.063 0.057 .073 0.047 0.060 0.072 0.052 0.093 0.062 0.067 0.054 0.073 0.049 0.082 0.038 0.070 0.076 0.056 0.054 0.089 0.038 0.079 0.061 0.035 0.065 0.041 0.043 0.075 0.086 0.033 0.036 0.

064 0.866 0.079 0.741 0.166 0.799 0.836 0.083 0.155 0.086 0.661 0.120 0.508 0.093 0.310 0.113 0.068 0.183 0.088 0.419 0.215 0.610 0.575 0.380 0.146 0.Service Classes 3 Short 491 0.520 0.107 0.071 0.198 0.265 0.558 0.899 0.136 0.074 0.075 0.421 0.316 0.091 0.975 0.101 0.157 0.632 0.244 0.282 0.071 Very Short 421 0.289 0.926 0.112 0.127 0.975 0.830 0.462 0.105 0.343 0.235 0.099 0.951 0.082 0.688 0.788 0.136 0.347 0.925 0.145 0.951 0.119 0.758 0.381 0.468 0.179 0.128 0.169 0.711 0.192 0.096 0.257 0.225 0.062 Euler Stress (N/mm2) 3653 913 406 228 146 101 75 57 45 37 30 25 22 19 16 14 13 11 10 9 8 8 7 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 .897 0.208 0.078 0.869 0.

051 0.0.059 0.054 0.049 0.062 0.050 0.048 0.056 0.052 0.044 0.042 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 .068 0.065 0.057 0.059 0.047 0.055 0.045 0.

0331957 λ = 320.0829892 K12 = K3 = 1.0829892 λy = 128.a = 0.75 K12 = 0.262384 Length of Member = Moment on Member = 1.g = 19.960501021 Z 4.4 σc.028850779 σc.083 .979483934 σc.552521981 λx = 320.25 σc.552521981 K7 = 1.03960829 For Medium Check for very short term condition K3 = 1.44 kN/m Axial Loading on Member = 3453.173942 kN m Trail section = 50 = 1.UDL on Member = 0.02E+00 σc.a = 9.62 m x 125 0.adm = 0.30E+05 σm.adm = 0.a = 0.10109106 For λ = 320.

a = 9.g = 19.984499194 Interaction Formula = 0.821492187 + 0.3 σm.adm = 37.575244 .18935056 σm.246248674 = 0.σm.02E+00 Euler Critical Stress σe = 2 2 N/mm Euler Co-efficient Keu = 0.

330410432 λx = 121.44 kN/m Axial Loading on Member = 2065.133538499 For λ = 121.74492303 Z 1.a = 0.a = 1.31E+00 σc.UDL on Member = 0.76 m x 125 Check for very short term condition K3 = 1.4 σc.9363769 λy = 48.75 K12 = 0.adm = 5.30E+05 σm.25 σc.g = 19.77455074 λ = 121.236904042 For Medium K3 = 1.9364 .0652 Length of Member = Moment on Member = 0.adm = 6.180663873 σc.9363769 K12 = 0.170368 kN m Trail section = 50 = 1.

adm = 37.09299518 + 0.σc.10109106 σm.g = 19.057513 .a = K7 0.991576092 Interaction Formula = 0.035481715 = 0.330410432 = 1.a = 1.31E+00 Euler Critical Stress σe = 2 11 N/mm Euler Co-efficient Keu = 0.3 σm.18935056 σm.

0331957 λ = 320.30E+05 σm.0829892 K12 = K3 = 1.02E+00 σc.g = 19.4 σc.979483934 For λ = 320.UDL on Member = 0.a = 0.25 σc.62 m x 125 0.a = 9.adm = 0.552521981 λx = 320.028850779 σc.adm = 0.75 K12 = 0.44 kN/m Axial Loading on Member = 3453.03960829 For Medium Check for very short term condition K3 = 1.262384 Length of Member = Moment on Member = 1.083 .960501021 Z 4.0829892 λy = 128.173942 kN m Trail section = 50 = 1.

246248674 = 0.02E+00 Euler Critical Stress σe = 2 2 N/mm Euler Co-efficient Keu = 0.σc.g = 19.a = 9.adm = 37.575244 .984499194 Interaction Formula = 0.552521981 = 1.821492187 + 0.10109106 σm.3 σm.a = K7 0.18935056 σm.

5) = = 1 1 for longterm = = = 1 1 for notch from fig 2(b) of the code 1 Depth factor (K7 Clause 2.4) Form factor K6 (K6. JS = 1.6) = K7 = No Load sharing(K8.10.11 (300 mm /h) 1. Tables 14 Kempas Grade HS Bending parallel to grain σm.2 Design of Main Beam from from Structural Timber Design By Abdy Keramani 2470 mm length Span Continuation of Cantilever Portion of 1820 mm is considered 1 Geomatric Properties Effective span Le = Spacing of Rafters. Vazirani.1E+06 mm4 2 Loading Dead Load. Table 18) Notch end effect (K5. DL = Imposed Load. b = Depth of section. Clause 2.N.g.K.4 m Raft Dimension Breadth of Section.M.3 Nmm .Duggal It is illustrated that Bending Moment of Inclind member could be written as in the form of Horizontal member Reference was made to Example 4.10. but located>75 mm from the end of the member (K4.25E+03 1/12 x b x h3 mm2 = 8.3 Nmm -2 4.Lets check deflection Reference was made to Ex 5.15 on page No:249 Analysis of Structures Vol-1 By Prof V.// = Strength Class -2 19.Clause 2. h = Cross-sectional area. Table 16) K2 Load Duration(K#. Dr S.5 kNm (DL+IL) x JS xLe 0.6 kNm -2 0. IL = Total Load. A = 50 mm 125 mm bxh = Second moment of area Ixx = 6.g.// = Compression perpenidcular to grain Shear parallel to grain σc.pp = τg.82 m 0.8008 kN 3 K-Factors Service class 1 (K2.10109106 1 4 Grade Stress BS 5268: Part 2.9) K8 = 0.10. Table 17) K3 Bearing : assume 50 mm.3 Nmm no wane -2 2. Clause 2. Dr M.Ratwani. W = = -2 0.

K5.Duggal ) .393415579 Nmm Permissible shear stress.10.8.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.60 Permissible bending stress = mm 19.h -2 0. Part 2.K7.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.44 kN/m =N/mm 2 Applied shear force Fv = W(N+L) /2Le ( Ref:Example 5.Duggal ) Applied shear force Fv = 1639.K.K3. No Leteral Support for h/b = 2 2.25105746 Nm-2 6 Lateral stability BS 5268. Ratwani.Vaziani.728728 kN-m bh2/6 = 1.K3.3 8 Bearing stress 2 Applied Load from shear force diagram = W(N+L) /2Le ( Ref:Example 5.Dr.K. Dr M.Vaziani.Mean modulus of elasticity.N. and Table 19 Maximum depth to breadth ratio.3 x K2. S.M.231579 N Applied shear stress τa = = 3 2 Fv b .E+05 Applied bending stress = M/ Zprovided = 3 Nm-2 5.Le/2 0. h/b = End held in position for h/b=3.N.M. Ratwani. load sharing Emean = 19100 Nmm-2 5 Bending stress Applied bending moment = = Section modulus Zprovided = W. S.5 7 Shear stress Applied shear force from shear force diagram = N=1290 mm Cantilever portion N L= Span length following Cantilever 1750 mm Span L W(N+L)2 /2Le = = W= 1820 mm 2470 mm 0. Dr M.3 x K2.Dr. no notch = 2. Clause 2.K6.K8 21.K8 = 2.

Dr.Ozalton ) Defelection due to Bending δm = Defelection due to Bending δm = 7.a. say G=(τ/ϒ) Poissson's ratio ( γ ) = Lateral strain /Longitudinal strain .pp = = Minimum required bearing width = 100 Fv/(b .Vaziani.019 mm 2.1639.570019 m 1820 1.C.K. Ratwani. S.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V. Ratwani.a. of 100 mm either side bw = Applied bearing stress σc.55 mm Defelection due to Shearing = (1.82 m Ixx = n= 8138020.N.Vaziani.H. Dr M.Megson ) Shear Modulus =Shear stress/Shear strain i. Dr M.708165971 WLe3N (3n3+4n2-1) 24E I ( Ref:Example 5.2/Gbd)ʆwx.Duggal ) ( Ref:page 272 of Strength of Materials for Civil Engineers 2nd Ed by T.M.E+05 0. σc.e.N.16 of Timber Designers' Manuel 3rd Ed by E.pp = = Permissible bearing stress σc.Duggal ) OR ( Ref: pages (232-233) along with figure 12.G. bw.pp) 9 Deflection w= = L= = N= I= (DL+IL) x JS kN/m 0.a.K4.E-03 4.44 2570.3 x K2. S.Dr.M.K.bw) 3.K3.3 Fv/(b .833 x N/L = 1.231579 N Assume bearing width.K8 4.dx ( Ref:page 451 of Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.

5.C.a = 0.4862134 N Horizontal Length of Member X2 = 2.Vaziani.h).081997794 .Dr.44 kN/m Axial Loading on Member = 512.67 mm ( Ref:Deflection Limit from page 68 of Structural Engineer's Pocket Book by FIONA COBB ) OR ( Ref:4th line of 1st pargraph from page 232 of Timber Designers' Manuel 3rd Ed by E.a = 0.E 0.11 mm ( Ref:page 249-251 of Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.M.82 m Inclined Length of Member l = 2.117206933 7.dx = = Total Defelection due to Bending plus Shear δT = ( 19 .538358161 σc. Dr M.( M ) (b.2/Ebd)ʆwx.570019 Inclined Length of Cantilever a = 1.K.887432 Moment on Member = Trail section = Z 0.Duggal ) Lets Check with Interaction Formula UDL on Member = 0.070098719 kN m 50 x 125 = 1.47 m Horizontal Length of Cantilever X1 = 1. S. Ratwani.E=2G(1+γ) G=Emean/16 Also ( Ref:page 18: 2.N.30E+05 σm.7 Additional Properties of Structural Timber Design by ABDY KERMANI ) Defelection due to Shear δs = (19.2) .Ozalton ) Permissible deflection for Cantilevers Δadm = Le/180 = 10.

014506843 + 0.081998 Check for very short term condition K3 = 1.g = 19.3 σm.adm = 5.10109106 σm.209941723 For Medium K3 = 1.adm = 37.091086789 > 0.adm = 5.a = 5.03061299 < 1 .λx = 130.30604992 λ = 130.4 σc.a = 0.7651248 K12 = 0.159048075 σc.18935056 σm.7651248 λy = 52.081997794 K7 = 1.25 σc.399682132 σc.38E-01 For λ = Euler Critical Stress σe = Euler Co-efficient Interaction Formula Keu = = = 2 9 N/mm 0.75 K12 = 0.016106 0.997883411 0.g = 19.

Dr M. as in the form of Horizontal Design By Abdy Keramani k5=he/h for notch from fig 2(b) of the code Nmm-2 no wane .Ratwani.M. Vazirani.N.

N.K2.K6.K3.K3.Vaziani.K8 ure Vol-1 by Prof V.N.K7.K8 ure Vol-1 by Prof V.K5.Vaziani. K2. .

K3.K4.K8 mm3 ure Vol-1 by Prof V. .Vaziani.K2.N.

K.Duggal ) .C.ABDY KERMANI ) by FIONA COBB ) d Ed by E.Ozalton ) atwani.Dr. S.

k 130.k .7651 O.O.

UDL on Member = 0.adm = 2.44 kN/m Axial Loading on Member = 512.570019 Inclined Length of Cantilever a = 1.22245575 λ = 178.4862134 N Horizontal Length of Member X2 = 2.918472963 > 0.0561394 K12 = 0.a = 0.4 σc.25 σc.0561394 λy = 71.82 m Inclined Length of Member l = 2.47 m Horizontal Length of Cantilever X1 = 1.089337591 For λ = .538358161 σc.75 K12 = 0.120349401 For Medium K3 = 1.g = 19.887432 Moment on Member = Trail section = Z 0.30E+05 σm.081998 Check for very short term condition K3 = 1.081997794 λx = 178.070098719 kN m 50 x 125 = 1.a = 0.

014508118 + 0.adm = 3.042604248 < 1 Lets check deflection It follows : Example 4.18935056 σm.25 x 3 1/12 x b x h 1.38E-01 Euler Critical Stress 2 5 N/mm σe = Euler Co-efficient Keu = 0.081997794 K7 = 1.0868 kN 3 K-Factors Service class 1 (K2.997795692 Interaction Formula = 0. b = Depth of section. h = Cross-sectional area.5 kNm (DL+IL) x JS xLe 1.3 σm.g = 19.1E+06 2 Loading Dead Load. JS = 2.2 Design of Main Beam from Structural Timber Design By Abdy Keramani 2470 mm length Span Continuation of Cantilever Portion 1 Geomatric Properties Effective span = Spacing of Rafters. A = = Second moment of area Ixx = = 50 mm 125 mm bxh 6.E+03 4 mm 8.4 m Raft Dimension Breadth of Section.10109106 σm. IL = Total Load.σc.a = 0.028096 = 0. DL = Imposed Load.a = 5.47 m 0. Table 16) K2 = 1 .6 kNm -2 0. W = = -2 0.adm = 37.033011216 σc.

Table 18) Notch end effect (K5. deck or joist .070098719 kN-m bh2/6 1. Clause 2. Clause 2.// = σc.5) = 1 for longterm = = = 1 1 for no notch 1 Depth factor (K7 Clause 2.3 x K2. load sharing Emean (300 mm /h)0.10.10.10109106 1.// = Mean modulus of elasticity. Table 17) K3 Bearing : assume 50 mm.K8 -2 23.K3. R Applied bending moment = W x (L2-a2)2 8.M.3 Nmm -2 Nmm 19100 = 5 Bending stress ( Ref:Example 5.Vaziani.6) = K7 = Load sharing appies with Purlin(K8.9)K8 = 4 Grade Stress BS 5268: Part 2.pp = τg.3 Nmm no wane -2 2.10.82 mm m mm m W x (L2-a2)2 8. and Table 19 Maximum depth to breadth ratio.4) Form factor K6 (K6. Tables 14 Kempas Grade HS Bending parallel to grain Compression perpenidcular to grain Shear parallel to grain σm.g.3 Nmm -2 4. Clause 2.L2 L= = a= Applied bending moment = 2470 2.g. h/b = 2.Clause 2.1 Strength Class -2 19.E-01 Nm-2 19.38.11 1. but located>75 mm from the end of the member (K4.L2 = Section modulus Zprovided = = Applied bending stress = = Permissible bending stress = 0.N.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.K7.8. Part 2. Dr M.5 End held in position and compression edge held in line as by direct connection of sheating.30E+05 mm3 M/ Zprovided 5.37616321 Nm 6 Lateral stability BS 5268.Load Duration(K#.10.K6.47 1820 1.

736842105 4 4 3 x= w= 2 24EI = 2 wl (m -2m (1-n )+m(1-2n )) -0.N.3 x K2.213 kN Assume bearing width.a.K3.12 mm .M.251055385 Permissible shear stress.7 Shear stress Applied shear force from shear force diagram = N=6'-0" Cantilever portion L=9'-9" Span following Cantilever W= Applied shear force from shear force diagram = Applied shear force = Applied shear stress τa W(N+L)2 /2Le 0.K5.730769 N = Applied shear stress = kN 3 2 Fv b .K8 = 2.K8 4.44 kN/m =N/mm 2 W(N+L) /2Le 5212.228531856 0. R l= Max Defelection due to Bending at x=(l2-a2)/2l δm = a= x= m=x/l = n=a/l = δm = (l2-a2)/2l 0.53 8 Bearing stress Applied Load from shear force = 5.bw) 1.K3.K4.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.Vaziani.pp = = 100 Fv/(b .3 x K2. bw.73 Minimum required bearing width = 9 Deflection Load Sharing system E = Emean ( Ref:Example 5. no notch = 2.h 1. Dr M. of 50 mm either side bw = Applied bearing stress σc.042546154 Permissible shearing stress = = 4.

484848485 mm .E = 0.11 mm ( Ref:Deflection Limit from page 68 of Structural Engineer's Pocket Book by FIONA COBB ) Permissible deflection Δadm = Le/330 Or 14 mm = 7.2) .01 mm Total Defelection due toShear plus Bending δT = -0.Defelection due toShear δs = ( 19 .( M ) (b.h).

O.0561 .k 178.

k mm2 .O.

K.-2 Nmm no wane structure Vol-1 by Prof V.N.K6.K3. Dr M. Ratwani.M. S.K8 nection of sheating.Vaziani.Duggal ) K2.Dr. deck or joist .K7.

82 m 0.Dr.Vaziani.K8 K2.K8 structure Vol-1 by Prof V.K5.M.K2.44 kN/m=N/mm .K3. Ratwani.N.K4. Dr M.47 m 1.K.K3. S.564474 m 0.Duggal ) 2.

ok by FIONA COBB ) .

4E+07 1. JS = 4. IL = Total Load.// = σc.2 Design of Main Beam from Structural Timber Design By Abdy Keramani 2470 mm length Span Continuation of Cantilever Portion 1 Geomatric Properties Effective span = Spacing of Rafters.3 Nmm no wane -2 2.4 m Raft Dimension Breadth of Section. h = Cross-sectional area. W = = -2 0. Clause 2. DL = Imposed Load.pp = τg.6 kNm -2 0.5 kNm (DL+IL) x JS xLe 2. but located>75 mm from the end of the member (K4.81 m 0.// = Mean modulus of elasticity. Table 17) K3 Bearing : assume 50 mm.10.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V. A = 50 mm 150 mm bxh = Second moment of area Ixx = 1/12 x b x h3 = 1.10. Table 16) K2 Load Duration(K#.11 1.Vaziani.5 x 2 mm4 2 Loading Dead Load.3 Nmm Nmm-2 19100 5 Bending stress ( Ref:Example 5.6) = K7 = Load sharing appies with Purlin(K8.3 Nmm -2 4.9)K8 = 4 Grade Stress BS 5268: Part 2.079228237 1.g.E+03 mm 7.N.Clause 2.4) Form factor K6 (K6. Dr M . Tables 14 Kempas Grade HS Bending parallel to grain Compression perpenidcular to grain Shear parallel to grain σm.1 Strength Class -2 19. Clause 2.5) = = 1 1 for longterm = = = 1 1 for no notch 1 Depth factor (K7 Clause 2. load sharing Emean = (300 mm /h)0.10.g.Lets check deflection It follows : Example 4.1164 kN 3 K-Factors Service class 1 (K2. Table 18) Notch end effect (K5. b = Depth of section.

88E+05 3 M/ Zprovided Nm-2 6. and Table 19 Maximum depth to breadth ratio.K3.2724855 kN-m bh2/6 mm 1. Part 2.K6.730769 N 3 2 Fv b .h 1.10.3 x K2.8.44 kN/m =N/mm W(N+L)2 /2Le 5212.Applied bending moment = 2 2 2 W x (L -a ) 8.K7.L2 = Section modulus Zprovided = = Applied bending stress = = 1.81 0 0 2 mm m mm m 2 2 W x (L -a ) 8.3 x K2.L2 L= = a= Applied bending moment = 4810 4.K3.K8 . deck or joist 7 Shear stress Applied shear force from shear force diagram = N=6'-0" Cantilever portion L=9'-9" Span following Cantilever W= Applied shear force from shear force diagram = Applied shear force = Applied shear stress τa = Applied shear stress = Permissible shear stress.E+00 Permissible bending stress = 19. Clause 2.K8 -2 22. h/b = 3 End held in position and compression edge held in line as by direct connection of sheating.K5.91201546 Nm 6 Lateral stability BS 5268.042546154 2.79. no notch = W(N+L)2 /2Le kN 0.

042546154 Permissible shearing stress = = 4.42 mm ( 19 . Dr M l= 4.E = 0. of 50 mm either side bw = Applied bearing stress σc.( M ) (b.bw) 1.81 Max Defelection due to Bending at x=(l2-a2)/2l δm = a= 0 2 2 x = (l -a )/2l x= 2.Vaziani.= 2.pp = = 100 Fv/(b .h).59 mm ( Ref:Deflection Limit from page 68 of Structural Engineer's Pocket Book by FIONA COBB ) Permissible deflection Δadm = Le/330 Or 14 mm = 14.K4.K8 4.44 n=a/l = 0 δm = 4 4 3 2 2 wl (m -2m (1-n )+m(1-2n )) 24EI = Defelection due toShear δs = 11.5 w= 0.3 x K2.a.K3.213 kN Assume bearing width.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.2) . bw.17 mm Total Defelection due toShear plus Bending δT = 11.405 m=x/l = 0.N.73 Minimum required bearing width = 9 Deflection Load Sharing system E = Emean ( Ref:Example 5.53 8 Bearing stress Applied Load from shear force = 5.57575758 mm .

5000761 λ = 346.43424E-05 λx = 346.2724855 kN m 50 x 150 = 1.786589333 σc.adm = Check for very short term condition 0.0339821 For Medium 0.k .44 kN/m Axial Loading on Member = 0.88E+05 σm.0013 Inclined Length of Cantilever a = 0 Moment on Member = Trail section = Z 1.g = 19.25 σc.81 m Horizontal Length of Cantilever X1 = 0m Inclined Length of Member l = 5.5002282 λy = 115.43E-05 O.55756767 N Horizontal Length of Member X2 = 4.4 σc.Lets Check with Interaction Formula UDL on Member = 0.a = 7.824065919 > 7.a = 6.5002282 K12 = K3 = 1.

5002 Euler Critical Stress σe = 1 N/mm Euler Co-efficient Keu = 0.adm = 3.K3 = 1.999992432 Interaction Formula = 0.43424E-05 K7 = 1.3 σm.186275862 < 2 9.79E+00 For λ = 346.033011216 σc.g = 19.45093369 σm.186185648 + = 0.k .02E-05 1 O.a = 7.adm = 36.a = 6.75 K12 = 0.089337591 σc.079228237 σm.

Dr M.Duggal ) .Dr.M. S.N.Vaziani.Prof V.K. Ratwani.

. deck or joist .

N.Dr. Dr M. S.Prof V.Vaziani.K.Duggal ) m m m kN/m=N/mm .M. Ratwani.

Clause 2.1 Strength Class -2 19. b = Depth of section.5 x 2 mm4 2 Loading Dead Load.10. h = Cross-sectional area.11 1.3 Nmm Nmm-2 19100 5 Bending stress ( Ref:Example 5.E+03 mm 7. Table 18) Notch end effect (K5. IL = Total Load.4E+07 1. Table 16) K2 Load Duration(K#.4 m Raft Dimension Breadth of Section.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V. Dr M .31 m 0. Clause 2. load sharing Emean = (300 mm /h)0.2 Design of Main Beam from Structural Timber Design By Abdy Keramani 2470 mm length Span Continuation of Cantilever Portion 1 Geomatric Properties Effective span = Spacing of Rafters. W = = -2 0.0164 kN 3 K-Factors Service class 1 (K2.3 Nmm -2 4.Vaziani.Clause 2.pp = τg.4) Form factor K6 (K6. but located>75 mm from the end of the member (K4.6) = K7 = Load sharing appies with Purlin(K8. DL = Imposed Load.g. JS = 2.6 kNm -2 0.g.// = σc. Table 17) K3 Bearing : assume 50 mm. Tables 14 Kempas Grade HS Bending parallel to grain Compression perpenidcular to grain Shear parallel to grain σm.5) = = 1 1 for longterm = = = 1 1 for no notch 1 Depth factor (K7 Clause 2.5 kNm (DL+IL) x JS xLe 1.3 Nmm no wane -2 2.// = Mean modulus of elasticity. A = 50 mm 150 mm bxh = Second moment of area Ixx = 1/12 x b x h3 = 1.N.Lets check deflection It follows : Example 4.079228237 1.10.9)K8 = 4 Grade Stress BS 5268: Part 2.10.

Applied bending moment = 2 2 2 W x (L -a ) 8.57.31 0 0 2 mm m mm m 2 2 W x (L -a ) 8. h/b = 3 End held in position and compression edge held in line as by direct connection of sheating. and Table 19 Maximum depth to breadth ratio.730769 N 3 2 Fv b .K5.88E+05 3 M/ Zprovided Nm-2 1.44 kN/m =N/mm W(N+L)2 /2Le 5212.3 x K2.L2 L= = a= Applied bending moment = 2310 2.91201546 Nm 6 Lateral stability BS 5268. Part 2.K8 -2 22.K7.10.K6.E+00 Permissible bending stress = 19.K8 . Clause 2. no notch = W(N+L)2 /2Le kN 0.8.K3.K3. deck or joist 7 Shear stress Applied shear force from shear force diagram = N=6'-0" Cantilever portion L=9'-9" Span following Cantilever W= Applied shear force from shear force diagram = Applied shear force = Applied shear stress τa = Applied shear stress = Permissible shear stress.3 x K2.042546154 2.L2 = Section modulus Zprovided = = Applied bending stress = = 0.2934855 kN-m bh2/6 mm 1.h 1.

K8 4.61 mm ( 19 . Dr M l= 2.N.53 8 Bearing stress Applied Load from shear force = 5. of 50 mm either side bw = Applied bearing stress σc.E = 0.73 Minimum required bearing width = 9 Deflection Load Sharing system E = Emean ( Ref:Example 5.5 w= 0.K4.31 Max Defelection due to Bending at x=(l2-a2)/2l δm = a= 0 2 2 x = (l -a )/2l x= 1.213 kN Assume bearing width.a.155 m=x/l = 0.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.h).( M ) (b.44 n=a/l = 0 δm = 4 4 3 2 2 wl (m -2m (1-n )+m(1-2n )) 24EI = Defelection due toShear δs = 0.04 mm Total Defelection due toShear plus Bending δT = 0.2) .bw) 1.3 x K2.K3.042546154 Permissible shearing stress = = 4.pp = = 100 Fv/(b .65 mm ( Ref:Deflection Limit from page 68 of Structural Engineer's Pocket Book by FIONA COBB ) Permissible deflection Δadm = Le/330 Or 14 mm = 7 mm .Vaziani. bw.= 2.

Lets Check with Interaction Formula
UDL on Member

=

0.44 kN/m

Axial Loading on Member
=

0.267771584 N

Horizontal Length of Member X2 =

2.31 m

Horizontal Length of Cantilever X1 =

0m

Inclined Length of Member l =

2.399708

Inclined Length of Cantilever a =

0

Moment on Member =
Trail section =
Z

0.2934855 kN m
50 x 150

=

1.88E+05

σm,a =

1.565256000

σc,a =

3.57029E-05

λx

=

166.2566472

λy

=

55.41888239

λ

=

166.2566472

K12

=

0.136524546 For Medium

K3

=

1.25

σc,g =

19.4

σc,adm =

3.310720248 >

3.57E-05

O.k

Check for very short term condition

K3 =

1.75

K12 =

0.101707005

σc,adm =

3.452952825

σc,a =

3.57029E-05

K7

=

1.079228237

σm,g =

19.3

σm,adm =

36.45093369

σm,a =

1.57E+00

For λ =

166.2566

Euler Critical Stress
σe =

2
6 N/mm

Euler Co-efficient Keu

=

0.999999047

Interaction Formula

=

0.042941492 +

=

0.042952276 <

1.08E-05
1

O.k

Prof V.N.Vaziani, Dr M.M. Ratwani,Dr. S.K.Duggal )

. deck or joist .

M.Duggal ) m m m kN/m=N/mm . Ratwani.Dr.K. Dr M.Vaziani.N. S.Prof V.

g.3E+07 2 Loading Dead Load.L2 L= 6050 mm . Table 16) K2 Load Duration(K#. load sharing Emean (300 mm /h)0.N.662 kN 3 K-Factors Service class 1 (K2.3 Nmm -2 Nmm 19100 = 5 Bending stress ( Ref:Example 5.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.Vaziani. Clause 2.5) = = 1 1 for longterm = = = 1 1 for no notch 1 Depth factor (K7 Clause 2. Tables 14 Kempas Grade HS Bending parallel to grain Compression perpenidcular to grain Shear parallel to grain σm.6 kNm Imposed Load.11 1. R Applied bending moment = W x (L2-a2)2 8.00 mm 1 Geomatric Properties Effective span = Spacing of Rafters.10. JS = 6. A = 50 mm 200 mm bxh = Second moment of area Ixx = 10 x 1/12 x b x h = 1.5 kNm (DL+IL) x JS xLe 2.pp = τg. but located>75 mm from the end of the member (K4.Clause 2.// = Mean modulus of elasticity. Dr M.2 Design of Main Beam from Structural Timber Design By Abdy Keramani 6050 mm length Span Continuation of Cantilever Portion = 0.Lets check deflection It follows : Example 4.g.E+03 3 mm4 3. DL = -2 0.1 Strength Class -2 19. Table 17) K3 Bearing : assume 50 mm.4 m Raft Dimension Breadth of Section. W = = -2 0.05 m 0.// = σc. IL = Total Load.M. Clause 2.3 Nmm no wane -2 2.3 Nmm -2 4. h = Cross-sectional area. b = Depth of section.10.6) = K7 = Load sharing appies with Purlin(K8. Table 18) Notch end effect (K5.9)K8 = 4 Grade Stress BS 5268: Part 2.10.4) Form factor K6 (K6.045610747 1.

10.K3.h 0. deck or joist 7 Shear stress Applied shear force from shear force diagram = N=6'-0" Cantilever portion L=9'-9" Span following Cantilever W= Applied shear force from shear force diagram = Applied shear force = Applied shear stress τa = Applied shear stress = Permissible shear stress.3 x K2.730769 N 3 2 Fv b .213 kN .K5.K8 -2 22.53 8 Bearing stress Applied Load from shear force = 5.E+00 Permissible bending stress = 19.04.K3.K7.= a= Applied bending moment = 6.19831617 Nm 6 Lateral stability BS 5268. no notch = = W(N+L)2 /2Le kN 0.05 m 0 mm 0m W x (L2-a2)2 2 8.8.3 x K2.781909615 2.K8 2. and Table 19 Maximum depth to breadth ratio. Clause 2.33E+05 M/ Zprovided Nm-2 6. Part 2.44 kN/m =N/mm W(N+L)2 /2Le 5212. h/b = 4 End held in position and compression edge held in line as by direct connection of sheating.L = Section modulus Zprovided = = Applied bending stress = = 2.K6.0131375 kN-m 2 bh /6 3 mm 3.

R l= Max Defelection due to Bending at x=(l2-a2)/2l δm = a= x= m=x/l = n=a/l = δm = (l2-a2)/2l 0.06 mm ( 19 . Dr M.Vaziani.K4.h).bw) 1.73 Minimum required bearing width = 9 Deflection Load Sharing system E = Emean ( Ref:Example 5.33333333 mm Lets Check with Interaction Formula UDL on Member = 0.8 pages (233-237) and page 1317 of APPENDIX from Analysis of structure Vol-1 by Prof V.pp = = 100 Fv/(b .( M ) (b.3 x K2.K8 4. bw.2) .N.E = 0.44 kN/m Axial Loading on Member = 0.a.042546154 Permissible shearing stress = = 4.Assume bearing width.M.20 mm Total Defelection due toShear plus Bending δT = 12. of 50 mm either side bw = Applied bearing stress σc.K3.701306529 N .26 mm ( Ref:Deflection Limit from page 68 of Structural Engineer's Pocket Book by FIONA COBB ) Permissible deflection Δadm = Le/330 Or 14 mm = 18.5 0 x= w= wl4(m4-2m3(1-n2)+m(1-2n2)) 24EI = Defelection due toShear δs = 12.

0131375 kN m 50 x 200 = 3.g = 19.adm = 0.039412500 σc.01E-05 Check for very short term condition K3 = 1.75 K12 = 0.01307E-05 λx = 435.292487584 Inclined Length of Cantilever a = 0 Moment on Member = Trail section = Z 2.Horizontal Length of Member X2 = 6.527490711 > 7.9563281 λy = 108.021752194 For Medium K3 = 1.015758838 σc.33E+05 σm.a = 6.045610747 For λ = .989082 λ = 435.535012561 σc.9563281 K12 = 0.25 σc.adm = 0.a = 7.01307E-05 K7 = 1.a = 7.4 σc.05 m Horizontal Length of Cantilever X1 = 0m Inclined Length of Member l = 6.

a = 6.000133 0.Euler Critical Stress σm.g = 19.999998006 0.04E+00 σe = Euler Co-efficient Keu = Interaction Formula = = 2 1 N/mm 0.171013409 + 0.3 σm.17114636 < 1 .adm = 35.31550299 σm.

K. Dr M.Duggal ) .2 mm -2 Nmm no wane structure Vol-1 by Prof V.Vaziani.Dr. Ratwani. S.N.M.

K3.K5.K6. deck or joist K2.K2.K8 .K8 nection of sheating.K3.K7.

Ratwani.K.Duggal ) 6.025 m 0.Dr.K8 structure Vol-1 by Prof V.05 m 0m ok by FIONA COBB ) 3.N.44 kN/m=N/mm .M.K2.Vaziani. S.K4. Dr M.K3.

k 435.9563 .O.

O.k .

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