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WELDING INSPECTION, STEEL WIS 5

MULTI CHOICE QUESTION PAPER ( MSR WI 4)


Answer all question
1. Degreasing components are essential for quality welding but when
welded some agent may :
a. Cause corrosion problems
b. Leave residues
c. Give off toxic gages
d. All of the above
2. Cellulose electrodes are often used for the deposition of a root pass on
pipes welded in the field. This is because?
a. Hydrogen control is required
b. The high deposition rate due to the iron powder content
c. The hydrogen gas produced in the flux increases the arc voltage
d. All of the above
3. In the welding of austenitic stainless steels, the electrode and plate
materials are often specified to be low carbon content. The reason for
this:
a. To prevent the formation of cracks in the haz
b. To prevent the formation of chromium carbides
c. To prevent cracking in the weld
d. Minimize distortion
4. With regards to a welding procedure, an essential variable may:
a. Change the properties of the weld
b. Influence the visual acceptance
c. Require re-approval of a weld procedure
d. All of the above
5. Which of the following NDT methods can only detect surface breaking
defects?
a. MPI
b. DPI
c. UT
d. RT
e. Both a and b
6. Which of the following defects would show up as light indications on a
radiograph?
a. Slag inclusions and copper inclusion
b. Tungsten inclusions and excessive root penetration
c. Cap undercut and root piping
d. Excessive cap height and incomplete root penetration
7. Which of the following electrodes is the most likely to contain the largest
quantity of combustible organic compounds?
a. Basic
b. Acidic
c. Rutile
d. Cellulose.
8. Lamellar tearing is the best prevented by:
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a. The use of plate materials containing low levels of impurities


b. The use of buttering runs
c. Post weld stress relief
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above
9. When considering radiography using x-ray, which of the following
techniques is most likely to be used for a pipe to pipe
weld(circumferential seam), 610mm diameter with no internal access?
a. SWSI
b. DWSI
c. DWDI
d. SWSI-panoramic.
10.
A balanced welding technique for example back step welding is
most often used for:
a. Controlling lamellar tearing
b. Increasing weld toughness
c. Reducing weld zone hardness
d. Reducing distortion
11.
Basic coated electrodes have which of the following properties
a. High mechanical properties may be used to produce welds of high
deposition rates and to produce welds of low hydrogen content.
b. Friable slag, high mechanical strength and to produce welds of a
low hydrogen content
c. Low hydrogen content welds, good stop/start properties and high
strength
d. Low carbon content welds, friable slag and high strength
12.
On a radiograph, the most likely appearance of lack of root fusion
on a single-v butt weld is :
a. A dark straight line with a light root
b. A dark root with straight edges
c. A dark uneven line following the edge of the root
d. None of the above lack of root fusion can not be seen on a
radiograph
13.
What do you understand by the term minimum interpass
temperature?
a. Min post weld heat treatment applied to a weld
b. Min stress relief tem
c. The lowest tem to be used during preheat
d. The lowest tem allowed during welding and between weld passes
14.
Which of the following is applicable to a plate lamination
a. They are best detected by radiography
b. They are mainly caused by hydrogen entrapment
c. They originate in the parent material
d. They are caused when welding stresses act parallel with the rolled
direction of the parent plate
15.
Which of the following NDT methods would be the least effective on
an austenitic steel butt weld
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a.
b.
c.
d.

UT
RT
DPI
MPI
16.
The hardest part of a multi-pass welded joint, assuming no post
weld heat treatment has have taken place is :
a. The HAZ of the cap
b. The HAZ of the root
c. The root
d. The cap
17.
Is it permissible to allow a single pass butt weld to cool down
between weld passes?
a. It should be up to the welding inspector
b. No the weld must be kept hot at all time
c. It depends on the welder
d. It depends on the specification requirements
18.
The usual method of assessing the sensitivity and density of a
radiograph is by mean
a. Densitometer and dosimeter
b. Penetrameter and a densitometer
c. IQI and a dosimeter
d. IQI and fluxmeter
19.
In the submerged arc welding process, the use of excessive high
voltages would result in?
a. Insufficient flux melting
b. Excessive flux melting
c. Slag removal difficulties
d. Excessive spatter
20.
Which of the following welding process uses a resistive heating
system to achieve weld metal deposition
a. NMA
b. Resistant spot welding
c. Electro-slag
d. Friction welding
21.
Welding a steel plate with a CE of 0.45 would require preheating to?
a. Prevent the formation of sulphides
b. Prevent hardening in the HAZ
c. Prevent the formation of carbides
d. To reduce the amount of current required
22.
What does the 70 represent on an E70 10 AWS A5.1 classified
electrode?
a. 70 n//mm2 min UTS
b. 70 joules min impact strength
c. 70,000 P.S.I min yield strength
d. 70,000 PSI min UTS
23.
Basic electrode provided in a standard packaging
a. Should be baked as to manufactures recommendations prior to
used.
b. The backing conditions depend upon the welder
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c. Are recommended for use where porosity free welds are required
d. Are only suitable for welding in the flat, vertical, and down hand
position
24.
Cellulose electrodes have which of the following properties?
a. Viscous slag, large volumes of shielding gas and UTS values above
90,000 PSI
b. Large volumes of shielding gas, hydrogen contents>15 ml per 100g
of weld metal deposited and should be never baked
c. Large volumes of shielding gas, high spatter contents and hydrogen
levels < 15 ml per 100g of weld metal deposited
d. High spatter contents ,high deposition and large volumes of gas
shield
25.
From the following electrode coding E50 4 B 160 20 H5, the
compulsory part is:
a. E50 4 b 160 20 h5
b. B 160 20 h5
c. E50 4 B
d. None of the above

26.

Which of the following is applicable to electrode efficiency?


a. The mass of metal deposited as a percentage of the mass core wire
melted
b. Iron powder electrodes have efficiencies above 100%
c. Electrodes of high efficiencies tend to procedure welds of a smooth
flat profile
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above
27.
A fatigue cracks fracture surface is:
a. Rough randomly torn
b. Smooth
c. Step like appearance
d. Bright crystalline
28.
E6014 electrode would most probably used for welding
a. Low pressure pipework
b. High- pressure pipework
c. Vertical down welding on storage tanks
d. In a situation where low hydrogen welds are specified
29.
Which element in steel if present in significant amounts may lead to
hot shortness
a. Phosphorus
b. Manganese
c. Silicon
d. Sulphur
MULTI CHOICE END OF COURSE ASSESSMENT
4

QUESTION PAPER (MSR-AWI-1)


1. What is the ratio between the length and the design throat thickness on
a mitre fillet weld with equal leg lengths
a. 1:1
b. 2:1
c. 1.414:1
d. It depends on the fillet welds dimensions and fit up requirements
2. What is the leg length of a fillet weld?
a. The distance from the toe to face
b. The distance from the root to face center
c. The distance from the root to the toe
d. The distance from the toe to toe
3. Why is the arc shielded, when using an arc welding process/
a. To eliminate hydrogen from the arc
b. To retard the cooling rate of the solidifying metal
c. To excluded the atmosphere from the arc region
d. The arc is not always shielded when using an arc welding process
4. Which of the following is applicable for a none planar defects?
a. They are always repaired
b. Their existence will result in the removal of the entire weld
c. They are not usually as significant as planar defects
d. They can only be detected using radiography
5. Lamellar tearing is:
a. A product defect cause during the manufacturing of certain steels
b. A crack type, which occurs in the parent material due to welding
strains acting in the short transverse direction of the parent
material
c. A type of hot crack associated with impurities(sulphur, carbon, and
phosphorous)
d. A type of crack that occurs in the weld or parent material due to
cyclic stresses
6. The weld zone associated with a welded joint is :
a. Weld metal, HAZ and the parent material in the immediate vicinity
b. Weld metal only
c. The weld metal plus parent material
d. HAZ and parent material
7. Which of the following elements if present in significant quantities in
steel may lead to cold shortness
a. Sulphur
b. Phosphorus
c. Silicon
d. Copper
8. A black triangular flag used in conjunction with a weld symbol as to en
22553 means:
a. A specific welding process is required
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b. The weld is to be made under constant supervision of a qualified


welding inspector
c. Welding to be carried out on site(field weld)
d. The weld must be subjected to NDT
9. Austenitic stainless steel can be ready identified by:
a. Lack of magnetic attraction
b. Its extreme hardness
c. Very shinny appearance
d. None of the above
10.
Which of the following is likely to be considered an essential
variable on a welding procedure
a. A change from an electrode classified to AWS E6011 to an electrode
E6012
b. A change in preheat tem from 50oc to 150oc
c. A change in welding position from pa to pf
d. All of the above
11.
Which of the following is applicable if the heat input to high during
the deposition of a weld made using the MMa welding process?
a. Low toughness
b. High susceptibility to hydrogen entrapment
c. High hardness.
d. High susceptibility to lack of fusion
12.
Which of the following will influence the amount of distortion on a
component during and after welding
a. Heat input
b. Lack of restraint
c. Material properties
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above
13.when welding with the MIG welding process using pure argon as the
shielding gas on carbon steel, which of the following problems are likely to
occur?
a. Copper inclusions and excessive cap heights
b. Excessive root penetration and porosity
c. Slag inclusions and crater pipe
d. Lack of fusion and poor cap profiles
13.
It is a requirement to excavate a crack in a welded component; the
defect is at least 25 mm depth, which of the following would you expect
to be done to remove the defect
a. Arc air, ground finish and checked with crack detection
b. Thermal gouging, ground finish and check with MPI
c. Oxy-gas cutting, ground finish and checked with crack detection
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above
14.
The heat affected zone associated with a fusion weld?
a. Usually has the highest tensile strength
b. Always exists in a fusion-welded joint
c. Is usually the area of a welded joint that is the most susceptible to
HICC?
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d. All of the above


15.
Which of the following welding processes would be the most suited
for the welding of carbon steel in excess of 100 mm thickness
a. Tungsten inert gas
b. Electro-slag
c. Manual metal arc
d. Plasma arc
16.
A welding process where the welding plant controls the travel speed
and arc gap, but under the constant supervision using a shielding gas
mixture of 80% argon 20% carbon dioxide is termed as :
a. A manual MAG process
b. A semi automatic MAG process
c. A mechanized MIG process
d. a mechanized MAG process
17.
The purpose of normalizing steel
a. To modify the grain structure by making it more uniform on order to
improve mechanical properties
b. To soften a material for extensive machining
c. To reduce fracture toughness
d. To reduce ductility
18.
Which of the following destructive tests would show the results in
joules?
a. Tensile test
b. Charpy test
c. Bend test
d. Hardness test
19.
Generally the most suitable method of detecting lack of sidewall
fusion on a single v butt weld (30o to 35o bevel angles) would be:
a. Ultrasonic testing
b. Radiographic testing
c. Magnetic particle testing
d. Both a and b
e. All of the above
20. Ultrasonic testing is preferable to radiographic testing due to
a. Ability to find all defects
b. Lower amount of operator skill required
c. Ability to detect laminations
d. None of the above
21. Lamellar tearing has occurred in a steel fabrication before welding could,
which of the following test methods could have detected it?
a. Radiographic testing
b. Ultrasonic
c. Magnetic particle
d. It could not be found by any testing method
22. Incomplete root penetration is most likely due to :
a. Welding speed too slow
b. Welding current too high
c. Root gap too small
d. Electrode diameter too small
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24. You are to oversee the arc welding of some machined fittings and that they
are cadmium plated. What would you do in this situation/
a. Permit the welding to proceed
b. Permit the welding to proceed with fume extraction
c. Stop the operation at once
d. Advise the welders to drink milk then proceed
25. On a single V butt weld, the distance through the center of the weld from
root to face is called:
a. Reinforcement
b. Penetration
c. Throat thickness
d. None of the above
26. Which of the following flame types would you expect to be used for the
cutting of mild steel?
a. Carburising flame
b. Oxidizing flame
c. Reducing flame
d. Neutral flame
27. The need for the pre-heat for steel will increase if :
a. The material thickness reduces
b. Faster welding speeds
c. The use of the larger welding electrode
d. All of the above
28. The main reason for toe blending on certain welded steel components is :
a. Corrosion considerations
b. Fatigue life
c. Appearance
d. All of the above
29. Which of the following welding process require a drooping characteristic
power source
a. TIG and MMA
b. MIG/MAG and MMA
c. TIG and saw
d. All of the above
30. When considering the MIG/MAG welding process which of the following
metal transfer modes would be the best suited to the welding of thick plates
over 25 mm, flat welding position
a. Dip transfer
b. Pulse transfer
c. Spray transfer
d. Globular transfer
MSR-WI-1
1. which of the following butt-weld preparations is usually the
susceptible to lack of sidewall fusion during the metal arc process ?
a. a double-u butt
b. a single-V butt
c. a double V butt
d. it is normally a defect associated with the MMA welding process

most

2. what is the leg length of a fillet weld ?


a. the distance from the toe to face
b. the distance from the root to face centre
c. the distance from the root to the toe
d. the distance from the toe to toe
3. what is the throat thickness of a fillet weld ( equal leg length ) ?
a. the distance from the toe to the face
b. the distance from the root to the face centre
c. the distance from the root to the toe
d. the distance from the toe to toe
4. lap joints contain :
a. fillet weld
b. corner joint
c. butt-weld
d. single-bevel butts
5. a duty not normally undertaken by a welding inspector is to :
a. check the condition of the parent material
b. check the condition of the consumables
c. measure residual stress
d. check calibration certificated
6. under most conditions, which of the following welding positions will deposit
the most weld metal.
a. vertical down
b. overhead
c. horizontal-vertical
d. flat ( down hand )
7. what mean by the term crater pipe :
a. another term for concave root
b. another term given for a burn through
c. a type of gas pore, found in the weld crater
d. a shrinkage defect, found in the weld crater
8. what mean by the term weld junction ?
a. the area containing the HAZ and the weld metal
b. the weld metal and the parent metal
c. the boundary between the fusion zone and the HAZ
d. the part of the weld, which has undergone metallurgical change due to
the heat from welding
9. the strength if the fillet weld is primary controlled by :
a. leg length
b. throat thickness
c. weld thickness
d. all of the above
10. a crater crack may also be termed :
a. cold crack
b. tearing
c. fatigue crack
d. star crack
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11. which of the following welding processes / technique is likely to be used for
the repair welding of localized porosity in a butt weld
a. MMA, PG position
b. Mechanised MAG
c. Submerged arc
d. All of the above
e. None of the above
12. . which of the following welds would be considered in a situation where
two plate are to be joined that overlap ( assume no external assess )
a. a fillet weld
b. a single bevel butt weld
c. a plug weld
d. a single U butt weld
13. in the MMA welding process, . which of the following is most likely to be
caused by a welder with a poor technique ?
a. deep weld craters/ crater cracks
b. copper inclusions
c. hydrogen cracks
d. all of the above
14. root concavity is caused by :
a. excessive back purge pressure and entrapped gas
b. excessive back purge pressure and very high heat inputs
c. excessive root grinding and a slow travel speed
d. excessive root grinding and excessive back purge pressure
15.when inspecting a critical component, the toes of a weld must be :
a. always ground flush
b. must always overlap at least 1.5 mm onto the parent material;
c. must always be inspected using a crack detection method ( MPI, DPI )
d. none of the above can be selected- specification requirements
16. when carrying out visual inspection, the specification makes no mention of
the requirements for visual inspection, in this situation what should you do /
a. carry out normal visual inspection
b. seek advice from higher authority
c. carry out no visual inspection
d. re- write the requirements of the specification
17. under most circumstances, which of the following do you consider to be
duties of a welding inspector
a. the supervision of welders
b. procedure writing
c. qualifying welder
d. all of the above
18. which of the following is most likely to cause a burn through
a. root gap too small
b. travel speed too fast
c. root face too small
d. all of the above
19. in an arc welding process, which of the following is the correct term used
for the amount of weld metal deposited per minute ?
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a. filling rate
b. deposition rate
c. weld deposition
d. weld duty cycle
20. what is the term given for the area of a welder joint just outside the weld
metal that has undergone micro structural change ?
a. heat affected zone
b. the weld zone
c. fusion zone
d. all of the above terms may be used
21. when carrying out visual inspection, which defect (s) is likely to be
missed ?
a. linear misalignment
b. cap undercut
c. porosity
d. lack of fusion ( inter run )
22. cold lapping is another term for :
a. lack of fusion at the toe of a weld
b. lack fusion between weld metal and weld metal
c. undercut at the toe of a weld
d. both a and b
23. incomplete root penetration is most likely due to :
a. welding speed too slow
b. welding current too high
c. root gap too small
d. electrode diameter too small
24. crater crack is are caused mainly by :
a. excessively fast welding speeds
b. improper electrode angle
c. hot shrinkage
d. improper joint design
25. on a single-V butt weld, the distance through the center of the weld from
root to face is called :
a. reinforcement
b. penetration
c. throat thickness
d. none of the above
26. the throat thickness of a inch fillet weld is ?
a. 27.5mm
b. 24mm
c. 13.5mm
d. 12.5mm
27. the need for pre-heat for steel will increase if :
a. the material thickness reduces
b. faster welding speeds
c. the use of a larger welding electrode
d. all of the above
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28. which of the following butt weld preparations is most likely to be


considered for the welding of a 6mm thick plate ?
a. double V butt
b. asymmetrical double V butt
c. single U butt
d. single V butt
29. a welding inspectors main attributes include :
a. knowledge
b. honesty and integrity
c. good communicator
d. all of the above
30. a code of practice for visual inspection should cover :
a. before, during and after welding
b. before welding activities only
c. after welding activities only
d. none of the above
MSR-WI-3
1. The likelihood of a brittle fracture in steels will increase with :
a. the formation of a fine grain structure
b. a reduction in-service tem to sub-zero conditions
c. a slow cooling rate
d. all of the above
2. hydrogen cracking in a weld zone is most likely to occur when welding :
a. carbon manganese steels
b. austenitic stainless steel
c. micro alloyed steel ( HSLA)
d. low carbon steel
3. preheating for arc welding applied to :
a. assembly and tack welding only
b. joint over 25 mm thick only
c. assembly welding only
d. when using the MMA welding process only
e. both a and b
4. which of the following destructive tests would indicate the toughness value
of the weld metal/parent metal and HAZ
a. macro
b. nick break
c. tenstile
d. charpy vee notch
5. what constituent is needed in a coating of an electrode to prevent the
formation of porosity when welding rimming steel ?
a. iron powder
b. potassium silicate
c. silicon
d. calcium carbonate
6. welds made with high heat inputs show a reduction in one of the following
properties ?
a. ductility
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b. toughness
c. elongation
d. penetration
7. which of the following steel types would give rise to the formation of
porosity when autogenously weld with an arc welding process
a. fully killed steel
b. semi killed steel
c. rimming steel
d. balanced steel
8. which of the following elements, which may be added to steel. Has the
greatest affect on creep strength
a. tungsten
b. manganese
c. carbon
d. molybdenum
9. the HAZ associated with a fusion weld
a. can not be avoided
b. usually has the highest tensile strength
c. is usually martensitic
d. both a and b
e. all of the above
10. what four criteria are necessary to produce hydrogen induced cold
cracking ?
a. hydrogen, moisture, martensitic grain structure and heat
b. hydrogen, poor weld profiles, tem above 200 oC and a slow cooling
rate
c. hydrogen, a grain structure susceptible to cracking, strees and a tem
below 200oC .
d. hydrogen, existing weld defects, stress and a grain structure
susceptible to cracking.
11. a carbon equivalent (CE) of 0.5% :
a. is high for carbon manganese steel and may require a preheat over
100oc.
b. is generally significant for carbon for manganese steels and is
certainly not to be taken into consideration for preheat tem.
c. Is high for carbon manganese steels and may require a preheat tem
over 300oc as to avoid cracking
d. Is calculated from the heat input formula.
e. Is calculated from the heat input formula
12. in a martensitic grain structure what would you expect to increase ?
a. ductility
b. hardness
c. toughness
d. all of the above
13. what do you understand by the term minimum interpass tem ?
a. min post weld heat treatment applied to a weld
b. min stress relief tem
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c. the lowest tem allowed during welding and between weld passes
d. the lowest tem to be used during preheat
14. which of the following heat treatments on steel cools down in air from the
austenite region ?
a. normalizing
b. annealing
c. tempering
d. stress relieving
15. what is the purpose of microscopic exam of a weld ?
a. to determine the number and type of defects present
b. to determine the grain size
c. to determine the strength of the weld
d. both a and b
e. all of the above
16. which of the following units could a tensile specimen be measured in?
a. pounds per square inch
b. Newton per square inches
c. Joules
d. Both a and b
17. assuming that the welding process, material thickness, carbon equivalent
and the welding parameters to be the same, which of the following joint types
would normally require the highest preheat tem
a. edge joint
b. lap joint
c. butt joint (single-V)
d. tee joint (fillet welded)
18. austenitic stainless steels are more susceptible to distortion when
compared to ferritic steels this is because :
a. high coefficient, low thermal conductivity
b. high coefficient, high thermal conductivity
c. low coefficient, high thermal conductivity
d. low coefficient, low thermal conductivity
19. which of the following will most likely require the preheat tem to be
increase ?
a. an increase in travel speed
b. a reduction in a material thickness
c. an increase in electrode diameter
d. none of the above
20. which of the following properties may be applicable to a carbon steel weld
(CE 0.48 ) welded without preheat ?
a. narrow heat affected zone and hardness value in excess of 400 HV
b. broad heat affected zone and hardness value in excess of 400 HV
c. a very tough and a narrow heat affected zone
d. narrow heat affected zone and low hardness values
21. which of the following materials is considered to be the easiest to weld ?
a. mild steel
b. medium carbon steel
c. martensitic stainless steel
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d. forging steel
22. which of the following NDT method would be best suited for the detection
of surface breaking defects on an austenitic stainless steel pipe
a. MPI
b. UT
c. DPI
d. All of the above can be used
23. which of the following butt weld preparations would be considered for a
mechanized welding process
a. single-V butt, root gap 2.5 mm ( welded from on side only )
b. double-V butt welded both sides, root gap 2.0mm
c. single-U butt backing
d. none of the above can be used for mechanized welding
24. which is the correct heat input for the following parameters, amps 350,
volts 32 and the travel speed 310 mm/minute (MMA welding process) ?
a. 2.16kj/mm
b. 0.036 kj/mm
c. 2160kj/mm
d. 3.6kj/mm
25. assuming that the applicable specification makes no mention of arc
strikes, what would you expect to do as a welding inspector if arc strikes were
found on a component made of a high tenstile strength material
a. have the welder re-qualified
b. ignore them
c. have the area checked for possible cracking
d. cut out the entire weld where the arc strikes exist
26. a multipass MMA butt weld made on a carbon steel consists of 5 passes
deposited using a 6mm diameter electrode. A 12-pass weld made on the same
joint deposited using a 4mm diameter electrode on the same material will have
:
a. a lower heat input and a higher degree of a grain refinement
b. a lower heat input and a coarse grain structure
c. a lower amount of distortion and a higher degree of a grain refinement
d. a higher amount of distortion and a lower degree of a grain refinement
27. what is the purpose of a tensile test ?
a. to measure ultimate tensile strength
b. to measure the elongation of a material
c. to measure the yield strength of a material.
d. All of the above
28. which of the following mechanical tests can be used to give a quantitative
measurement of weld zone ductility ?
a. tensile test
b. bend test
c. charpy V notch test
d. all of the above
29. which of the following are reasons for applying preheat ?
a. the removal of residual stress
b. to aid slow cooling and reduce the carbon content
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c. to reduce the chance of a brittle grain structure and to reduce the


chance of hydrogen entrapment
d. increase the ultimate tensile strength values and increase overall weld
ability
30. which of the following are true with regards to a charpy test
a. its a static test used to determine a materials notch toughness in the
weld region
b. its a dynamic test used to determine a materials notch toughness in
the weld region
c. its a destructive test to give a measurement of through thickness
ductility
d. none of the above.
MCQ 001
A1. when hydrogen control is specified for a manual metal arc welding
project the electrode would normally be :
a. cellulosic
b. iron oxide
c. acid
d. basic
2. you would certainly recognize a hydrogen controlled flux covered electrode
from its :
a. colour
b. length
c. trade name
e. AWS/BS639 code letter
3. when manual metal arc welding is being carried out on an open construction
site, which group of welders are the most likely to require continuous
monitoring ?
a. concrete shuttering welding teams
f. pipe welding team
b. plater welders
c. plant maintenance welders
4. you notice manual metal arc electrodes, stripped of flux, are being used as
filler wire, for TIG welding. You would object because :
a. it is too expensive
b. the wire would be too thick
g. the weld metal composition may be wrong
c. the wire is too short
5. when open site working, serious porosity in metal arc welds is brought to
your attention. What would you investigate ?
a. electrode type
b. power plant type
h. electrode storage
c. day tem
6. the steel composition in a structural contract is changed from 0.15% carbon,
0.6% manganese, to 0.2% carbon, 1.2% manganese. Might this influence the
incident of :
a. porosity
16

i. cracking in the weld area


b. undercut for fillet welds
c. lack of root fusion defects
7. one of the following alloys is non magnetic. Which
a. 4.0% chromium molybdenum
b. 12.0% chromium
j. austenitic stainless steel
c. 9.0% nickel steel
8. when the TIG welding austenitic stainless steel pipe, argon gas backing is
called for. This is to :
k. prevent oxidation
a. prevent under bead cracking
b. prevent porosity
c. control the penetration bead shape
9. pre-heating the carbon steel manual metal arc welding is carried out to
minimize the risk of :
a. scattered porosity
b. worm hole porosity
l. parent metal cracking
c. lack of penetration
10. in UK practice, BS499 Part 2 specifies that the drawing dimension quoted
for a fillet weld is the ;
m.leg length
a. actual throat thickness
b. weld width
11. for open site manual welding the following equipment is available. Which
would you choose for safe working ?
a. single operator transformer
b. multi operator transformer
c. AC/DC composite power unit
n. Diesel engine driven motor generator
12. if submerged arc welding is to be used to make butt welds, which would
you most critical of :
o. the root gap tolerance
a. the angle of preparation
b. the root face width
c. the gas cut finish
13. during CO2 welding, the arc length is most likely to be affected by :
a. the wire diameter
p. the current return connections
b. the gas flow rate
c. the torch to work angle
14. pre-heating for arc welding applies to :
a. assembly welding only
q. assembly and tack welding
b. joints over 25mm thick only
c. cruciform welds only
17

15. you see a welder using an oxy-acetylene flame with a long feathered inner
cone. What would be the effect of this on a carbon steel.
r. the weld could be hard and brittle
a. the weld metal could be too soft
b. there will be no effect on the weld
c. the weld will have undercut
16. a welder qualification test is to verify
s. the skill of the welder
a. the quality of the materials
b. the non-destructive test procedures
c. the manufacturing methods
17 a fabricating procedure calls for fillet welds to be blended in by grinding.
This is to influence :
a. HAZ cracking
t. Fatigue life
b. Residual stress
c. Yield strength
18. bend test specimens have been taken from a 25mm thick carbon steel butt
weld. Which would show lack of inter-run fusion :
u. side bend
a. root bend
b. face bend
c. guided bend
19. lamellar tearing has occurred in a steel fabrication. BEFORE welding could
it have been found by :
a. X-ray exam
b. Dye penetrant
c. Ultrasonic inspection
v. It would not have been found by any inspection method
20. you are to oversee the arc welding of some machined fittings and find they
are cadmium plated. Would you :
a. permit to proceed
b. permit to proce4ed with fume extraction
w. stop the operation at once
c. advise the welder to drink milk and proceed
MCQ 004
1. Movement of the arc by magnetic forces in MMA welding is termed
:
a. arc deviation
b. arc misalignment
x. arc blow
c. arc eye
2. a metallurgical problem most associated with submerged arc welding is :
a. hydrogen cracking in the HAZ
y. solidification cracking in the weld metal
b. hydrogen cracking in the weld metal
c. lamellar tearing in the weld metal
3. oxy pressure and nozzle size would influence what in flame cutting :
18

a. the tem require for cut initiation


b. the ability to cut stainless steels
z. the depth of cut obtainable
c. none of the above
4. the main usage of arc cutting/gouging processes is in :
a. the cutting of single bevel preparations
aa. the removal of deposited welds
b. the cutting of single U-type preparations
c. the cutting/gouging of none-ferrous materials only
5. which of the following processes joints metals plastically
bb. friction welding
a. resistance welding
b. plasma welding
c. all of the above
6. which electrode classification would be relevant to AWS A5.1-81 :
cc. E 6013
a. E 5133
b. E 7018 G
c. Fleet weld 5
7. which of the following coatings is associated with stove welding
a. rutile
b. cellulosic
c. basic
d. 0xidising
8. a common gas/mixture used in MIG welding nickel alloys to combine good
levels of penetration with good arc stability would be :
dd. 100% CO2
a. 100% argon
b. 80% argon 20%CO2
ee. 98% argon 2% oxygen
9. the type of SAW flux is more resistant to moisture absorbtion:
a. fused
b. agglomerated
c. basic
d. all of above the same resistance
10. the flame tem of oxy/acetylene mixture gas is given as :
a. 3200oc
b. 2300oc
c. 5000oc
d. none of the above
11. a large grain structure in steels is said to produce :
a. low ductility values
b. low fracture toughness values
c. high fracture toughness values
d. high tensile strength
12. the likelihood of brittle fracture in steels will increase with :
a. a large grain formation
b. a reduction of in-service tem to sub zero levels
c. ferritic rather than austenitic steels
19

d. all the above


13. repair welding is often more difficult than production due to :
a.
the material being ingrained with in-service contaminates
b.
restricted access within the repair area
c.
the possible position of the weld repair
d.
any of the above
14. hydrogen cracking in the weld metal is likely when welding
a. carbon manganese steel
b. stainless steels
c. micro alloyed steels (HLSA)
d. low carbon steels
15. EN standard 288 would refer to which of the following
a. welder approval testing
b. welding equipment
c. welding procedure approval
d. consumable for submerged arc welding
16. porosity is caused by :
a. entrapped slag in the solidifying weld
b. entrapped gas in the solidifying weld
c. entrapped metallic inclusion in the solidifying weld
d. none of the above
17. in a bend test, the face of the specimen is in tension and root is in
compression; the type of test being carried out would be :
a. a root bend test
b. a side bend test
c. a face bend test
d. none of the above
18. ultrasonic testing is of advantage in detecting which of the following weld
imperfections over other NDT methods :
a. lack of side wall fusion
b. surface undercut
c. incompletely filled groove
d. overlap
19. the process of tempering is often carried out to regain toughness after
which of the following processes :
a. annealing
b. normalizing
c. hardening
d. stress relieving
20 the presence of iron sulphide in the weld metal is most likely to produce
which of the following upon contraction of the weld :
a. solidification cracking
b. hydrogen cracking
c. inter granular corrosion
d. stress corrosion cracking
MCQ 003
1. the British code for Visual Inspection Requirements is :
a. BS 4872
20

b. BS 499
c. BS 4870
d. None of the above
2. a code of practice for visual inspection should cover the following
a. before, during and after welding activities
b. before welding activities only
c. after welding activities only
d. none of the above
3. incomplete root penetration in a butt joint could be caused by :
a. excessive root face width
b. excessive root gap size
c. low current setting
d. both a and c
4. incomplete root fusion would certainly be caused by
a. linear misalignment
b. incorrect tilt angle
c. differing root face widths
d. all of the above
5. when visually inspecting a completed single vee butt weld cap you would
certainly assess
a. cap height
b. toe blend
c. weld width
d. a, b and c
6. you notice a very veed ripple shape. This is most likely caused by :
a. poor consumable choice
b. welding position
c. excessive travel speed
d. all of the above
7. toe blending is important as it may affect
a. corrosion
b. fatigue life
c. overlap type defects
d. all of the above
8. slag inclusions would occur with
a. manual metal arc
b. metal inert gas
c. submerged arc welding
d. both a and c
9. undercut is principally caused by
a. excessive amps
b. excessive volts
c. excessive travel speed
d. all of the above
10. undercut is normally assessed by
a. its depth
b. its length
c. its blending
d. all of the above
21

11. a welding procedure is useful to :


a. give information to the welder
b. give information to the inspector
c. give confidence to a product
d. all of the above
12. an essential variable may :
a. a change the properties of the weld
b. influence the visual acceptability
c. require re-approval of a weld procedure
d. all of the above
13. a magnifying glass may be used during visual inspection but BS 5289
states that its magnification should be :
a. up to 5
b. 2-2.5
c. 5-10
d. none of the above
14. when visually inspecting a fillet weld, it would normally be sized by :
a. the leg length
b. the actual throat thickness
c. the design throat thickness
d. both a and c
15. a planar defect is
a. incomplete fusion defects
b. slag inclusion
c. incomplete penetration
d. both a and c
16. penetrate inspection and magnetic particle inspection are mainly used to
a. aid visual inspection
b. because the application standard says so
c. to confirm visual uncertainties
d. all of the above
17. defects outside of the limits specified in a standard should always be :
a. repaired
b. reported to a senior person
c. assessed along with other defects
d. all of the above
18. MIG welding tends to be susceptible to lack of fusion problems. This is
because of :
a. poor maintenance of equipment
b. incorrect settings
c. poor interun cleaning
d. all of the above
19. manual metal arc electrodes can be grouped into three main types. These
are
a. basic cellulocis and rutile
b. neutral cellulosic and rutile
c. basic cellulosic and neutral
d. none of the above
20. ther main causes of porosity in welded joints are
22

a. poor access
b. loss of gas shield
c. dirty materials
d. all of the above
21. cracks in welds may be due to
a. solidification problems
b. hydrogen problems
c. excessive stresses
d. all of the above
22. a weave technique may give rise to
a. better profiles
b. improved toe blending
c. improved ripple shape
d. all of the above
23. with reference to a root penetration bead, you could certainly assess
a. root fusion and penetration
b. root concavity
c. burn through
d. all of the above
24. a fatigue failure is characteristic by the appearance of the fracture surface.
It would be :
a. rough and torn
b. chevron like
c. smooth
d. none of the above
25. stray arcing may be regarded as a serious defect. This is because :
a. it may reduce the thickness dimension of a component
b. it may cause liquation cracks
c. it may cause hard zones
d. all of the above
26. overlap in welds could be influenced by
a. poor welding technique
b. welding process
c. welding position
d. all of the above
27. flame cut preparations may, during welding, increase the likelihood of
a. cracking
b. misalignment problems
c. inclusions
d. all of the above
28. macroscopic exam requires any specimen to be inspected
a. once, after etching
b. twice, before and after etching
c. using a microscope
d. none of the above
29. which of the following may be classed as a more serious defect
a. slag inclusions
b. fusion defects (interun)
c. fusion defects (surface )
23

d. porosity
30. a code of practice is :
a. a standard for workmanship only
b. a set of rules for manufacturing a specific product
c. levels of acceptability of a weldment
d. none of the above
END OF COURSE MULTI CHOICE PAPER (MCQ.002)
1.
2.
3. What two functions in arc welding must be in equilibrium to enable a stable
arc to be established?
a. Arc voltage
b. Current
c. Wire-electrode feed rate
d. Metal burn- off rate
4. In MMA welding, what parameter is used for the control of penetration into
the base material
a. Voltage
b. Welding speed
c. Iron powders in coating
d. Current
5. In the welding of a butt joint made from one side, which of the following
controls the profile of the root bead?
a. Root face
b. Bevel angle
c. Root gap
d. None of the above
6. What type of power source characteristic is require for manual welding?
a. Constant voltage
b. Flat characteristic
c. Drooping characteristic
d. Motor generator
7. Which one of the following destructive tests wo8ld indicated the toughness
of weld metal HAZ
a. Marco
b. Nick break
c. Hardness
d. Charpy Vee Notch
8. Degreasing components are essential for quality welding but some agents
may
a. Cause corrosion problem
b. Give off phosgene gas
c. Leave residues
d. All of the above
24

9. Which of the following chemical elements has the greater effect on the
harden ability of a steel plate/
a. Molybdenum
b. Chromium
c. Titanium
d. Carbon
10. In mag/co2 welding, which parameters give the greatest control of weld
appearance during dip transfer or short circuiting welding?
a. Wire stick-out length
b. Amperage
c. Wire feed speed
d. Inductance
11. In MMA welding, the slag produced can be varied to suit the welding
position; which type of slag would be required for welding in the HV position?
a. Fluid
b. Viscous
c. None of the above
d. Semi fluid
12. The weld metal deposit of manual metal arc electrodes achieves its
mechanical strength through?
a. The core wire
b. The flux coating
c. Iron powders with the flux coating
13. What constituent is needed in a coating of an electrode to prevent the
formation of porosity in welding of a rimming steel?
a. Iron powders
b. Calcium fluoride
c. Silicon
d. Calcium carbonate
14. Welds made with high heat inputs show a reduction in one of the following
properties?
a. Ductility
b. Toughness
c. Fatigue strength
d. Mechanical strength
15. In the welding of austenitic pipe work, the bore is usually purged with
Argon to ?
a. Prevent formation of porosity in the weld
b. Prevent burn-through in the root run
c. Prevent oxidation of the root beat
d. Eliminate the formation of H2
16. In x-ray work, the quality of the radiographic negative is assessed by the ?
a. Density of the film
b. IQI indicator
c. KVA available
d. Stand-off distance
17. A steel described as qt will have improved tensile properties because it
has?
a. Had control of chemical composition
25

b. Been heat-treated
c. Been quality tested
d. Been vacuum melted
18. Which one of the following type of steels would give rise to the formation
of porosity when autogenously welded with an arc process?
a. Fully killed steel
b. Semi killed steel
c. Rimming steel
d. Fine grained steel
19. In submerged arc welding, the use of excessively high voltage would result
in?
a. Insufficient flux melting
b. Excessive flux melting
c. Slag removal difficulties
d. Spatter
20. The use of cellulose electrodes is often made when welding the root pass
of pipes in the field. This is because?
a. Hydrogen control is needed
b. Iron powders in the electrode
d. Higher arc voltage can be obtained
e. Shorter arc length can be achieved
21. In the welding of austenitic stainless steels, the electrode and the plate
material can be purchased with low carbon contents. The season for this is to
prevent?
a. Cracking the HAZ
b. The formation of chromium carbides
c. Cracking the weld metal
d. Distortion
22. Submerged arc fluxes can be supplied in two forms; these are?
a. Sintered and agitated
b. Agitated and fused
c. Crushed and agglomerated
d. Fused and agglomerated
23. In the steel which has improved creep properties at elevated tem, which
one of the following elements helps in this improvement?
a. Tungsten
b. Manganese
c. Molybdenum
d. Carbon
24.Welding a steel plate of a CE of .45 would require preheating to ?
a. Prevent the formation of sulphides
b. Prevent hardening in the HAZ
c. Prevent the formation of carbides
d. To improve mechanical properties in the weld
25. Which of the following processes uses the KEYHOLING system of fusion?
a. Friction welding
b. Diffusion bonding
26

c. Electron beam welding


d. Autogenously TIG welding
26. In friction welding, is the metal at the interface in the?
a. liquid state
b. Solid state
c. Plastic state
d. Elastic state
27. Welding procedures may require welds to be deposited at a controlled rate
heat input. High heat input would?
a. Have poor profile
b. Have larger grain size
c. Have high hardness in the HAZ
d. Have low elongation properties
28. In a tensile test, a brittle material would be indicated if the fracture
surface?
a. Shows a reduction in size
b. Is flat and featureless
c. Breaks in the weld metal
d. Breaks in the parent metal
29. What destructive test would be required to ascertain the likelihood of
cracking in the HAZ of a weld?
a. Nick break
b. Side bend test
c. Charpy impact
d. Marco test
30. In submerged arc welding, excessive arc voltage may cause?
a. Excessive penetration
b. Change in weld metal composition
c. Narrow weld width
d. Excessive bead profile

WELDING INSPECTION, STEELS- WIS 5


MULTI CHOICE QUESTION PAPER (MSR-WI-2 )
1. defects outside the permissible limits of the applicable specification should
be :
a. the decision is up to the welding inspector
b. repaired
c. always double checked using NDT
d. all of the above
2. electrodes used in manual metal arc welding can be grouped in to three
main types, these are :
a. oxidizing, basic and rutile
b. cellulose, basic and acidic
c. granular, rutile and basic
d. rutile, basic and cellulose
3. movement of the arc by magnetic forces in an arc welding process is termed
:
27

a. arc deviation
b. arc misalignment
c. arc blow
d. stray arc
4. a crack type most associated with the submerged arc welding process is :
a. hydrogen cracking in the HAZ
b. solidification cracking
c. lamellar tearing
d. fatigue cracking
5. which of the following processes joints metals plastically
a. friction welding
b. resistance welding
c. arc welding
d. plasma welding
e. all of the above
6. what type of power source characteristic is required for a manual process ?
a. constant voltage
b. flat characteristic
c. drooping characteristic
d. none of the above
7. which of the following electrodes and current type may be used for the TIG
welding of nickel and its alloys ?
a. cerium electrode, DC ve
b. zirconium electrode, AC
c. thorium electrode, DC + ve
d. all of the above may be used
8. what are the possible results of having a heat input to low ?
a. an increase in hardness, lower yield strength and lack of fusion
b. a reduction in toughness , hydrogen entrapment and an increase in
hardness
c. entrapped hydrogen, an increase in hardness and lack of fusion
d. entrapped hydrogen, a reduction in carbon content and lack of fusion
9. the main reason for using a back purge when welding 18-8 stainless steel
with the TIG welding process is to :
a. improve positional welding
b. prevent the possibility of porosity
c. prevent excessive root penetration
d. prevent the formation of a dense oxide layer forming in the root
10. the possible effects of having a travel speed too fast :
a. low toughness, slag inclusions and cap undercut
b. high toughness, slag inclusions and a narrow thin weld bead
c. high hardness, excessive deposition and cold laps
d. low toughness, poor fusion and slag inclusions
11. if arc blow exists when welding with the MMA welding process, this can be
best reduced or eliminated by :
a. a change from AC to DC current
b. a change from DC to AC current
28

c. a change from DC + ve to DC ve
d. a change from DC - ve to DC + ve
12. when welding a double- V butt weld with the submerged arc welding
process the presence of center line porosity may be due to :
a. damp flux
b. contamination on the weld preparations
c. incorrect flux depth
d. all of the above
13. the inclusion of an inductance in the welding circuit when using MIG/MAG
welding process is to ;
a. control the rate of patter in the dip transfer mode
b. it enables the welder to weld in position with the spray transfer mode
c. it allow for thicker fillet wires to be used ( 2.6-3.6 mm diameter )
d. it allow full control over droplet size in the spray transfer mode
14. an undesirable property of aluminum oxide residue, when welding is that it
:
a. decrease weld pool fluidity
b. require more heat to melt it when compared to aluminum
c. cause the welder to travel to quickly
d. the presence of the oxide makes aluminum impossible to weld
15. which of the following welding process is most likely to be used for the
welding of a small diameter stainless steel pipe, 6mm wall thickness ?
a. GTAW
b. SMAW
c. GMAW
d. Submerged arc welding
16. when considering the tungsten arc welding process what is the purpose of
the down-slope (slope-out ) control
a. ensure good penetration
b. to prevent arc striking on the parent material
c. to help prevent the formation of crater pipe and possible cracking
d. to help prevent tungsten inclusions during welding
17. when considering thermal cutting local hardening can be reduced by :
a. increasing the cutting speed
b. the use of propane as a fuel gas
c. pre-heating the material to be cut
d. all of the above
18. in a semi-automatic welding process, which of the following shielding
gas/gas mixtures would normally give the deepest penetration on steel ?
a. 100 % argon
b. 100% co2
c. 75% argon + 25 % CO2
d. all of the above give the same depth in penetration
19. in MMA welding process, which of the following statements are false ?
a. an arc gap, which remains almost constant even if as usual the welder
varies the position of the electrode
b. a voltage, which remains almost constant even if as usual the welder,
varies the arc gap
29

c. a current, which remains almost constant even if as usual the welder,


varies the arc gap
d. a and b
e. all of the above
20. . which of the following welding process, after the weld is completed
normally require a post weld heat treatment to restore toughness values
a. ESW
b. MMA
c. MAG
d. All completed welds require a post heat treatment, regardless of
welding process
21. . which of the following current types would you expect to be used for the
welding of aluminum with the TIG welding process
a. DC ve
b. DC+ ve
c. AC
d. All of the above
22. . which of the following statement is false ?
a. in the MMA welding process electrode DC + produces a deep narrow
weld pool, which is fast freezing
b. DC electrode positive is used for the MAG welding of steel plate
c. The word calcium carbonate means limestone
d. All of the above
23. when considering hydrogen, which of the following welding process would
produce the lowest levels in the completed weld ( under controlled conditions )
a. MMA
b. SAW
c. TIG
d. FCAW
24. pre-heat prior to the welding of carbon steel butt weld :
a. must always to carried out
b. is always carried out using a gas flame
c. need not be carried out if post weld heat treatment if to follow
d. none of the above
25. in steel the element with the greatest effect on hardness is
a. chromium
b. manganese
c. carbon
d. nickel
26. for a given voltage and current settings on a MMA welding plant, when the
arc length is shortened, which of the following will be most affected
a. the current will increase
b. the current will decrease
c. the voltage will decrease
d. the voltage will increase
27 which of the following best describes a semi-automatic welding process ?
a. the welder is responsible for the maintaining the arc gap and travel
speed
30

b.

the welder is responsible for travel speed only; arc gap is kept
constant by the welding plant
c. both travel speed and arc gap is controlled by the welding plate
d. all of the above
28. what is purpose of a rectifier in a welding sates electrical circuit ?
a. to keep the arc stable when using low current settings
b. to convert AC current to DC current
c. to convert DC current to AC current
d. to initiate the arc at start up
29. when calibrating a mechanized MAG welding plant, which of the following
applies (WSF = wire feed speed) ?
a. check WFS, current, volts and wire diameter
b. check WFS , joint set up, gas flow rate and WFS
c. check gas flow rate, stick out length, WFS and current
d. all of the above
30. the main usage of the arc air process is :
a. the cutting of weld preparation
b. the removal of defective welds
c. for the cutting of non-ferrous materials only
d. for the cutting of ferrous materials only

FINAL ASSESMENT MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTION


CSWIP 3.1 WELDING INSPECTOR COURSE
Mfy- 001
ALL THE QUESTIONS TO BE ATTEMPTED
EXAM TIME : 30 MINUTES
1.which of the following does not contribute to hydrogen cracking :
a. external forces on the weldment
c. amount of hydrogen in the weld
d. residual stresses in the weld
e. size and length of linear discontinuities

2. for the arc air carbon cutting process the air is


a. Use for cooling the electrode only
c. produced through the chemical reaction of the electrode and the base
metal
d. supplied through air ports in the electrode holder and directed along
the electrode
e. supplied by another torch also by other operator
3. acetylene hoses are distinctly difference from oxygen hoses. Why ?
a. because the internal diameters of the two are different.
b. because of operating pressure differences between fuel gas and
oxygen
c. acetylene attacks the materials used in oxygen hoses
31

d. to prevent accidental interchange


4. which of the following can result in a hard and brittle condition resulting
from rapid cooling
a. arc strikes
b. excessive weld reinforcement
d. excessive spatter
e. slag inclusion
5. DC negative when use for MIG/ MAG can give the smooth arc
a. true
b. false
6. in which of the following process is the use of pressure required to
successfully joint the materials:
a. TIG
b. MMA
c. SAW
d. Stud welding
7. which of the following will contribute significantly to lack of fusion
a. incorrect joint design
b. incorrect welding technique
c. heavy scale on the joint surface
d. all of the above
8. which of the following process used loose granular flux
a. FCAW
b. SAW
c. GTAW
d. SMAW
9. Crack Tip Open Displacement test is used to measure
a. strength of the material being tested
b. hardness of the material
c. the toughness of the materials, resistance to crack extension and the
acceptable flaw size all
d. ductility of the material being tested
10. The pulsed MIG/MAG mode of transfer is a variation of a spray transfer
mode that make used of a low background current with a higher, rapidly
pulsing current superimposed on it
a. false
b. true
11. the iron carbon diagram is used by metallurgists and other to see how
a. adding nickel changes the corrosion resistance of steels
b. adding carbon changes the response of the steel tem changes
c. adding molybdenum increases the toughness of steel
d. adding chromium improve corrosive resistance
12. the main purpose of a developer is to :
a. assist in the development of the test procedure
b. provide a clean surface for the penetrate indication
c. assist in the development of the penetrate indication from a defect
d. assist in the drying of the penetrate
13. overlap in a fillet weld would occur:
a. at some point in the weld throat
32

b. only on the face of the weld


d. at the toe of the weld
e. at the root of the weld
14. in the TIG welding process, gas shielding of the weld pool maybe provided
by which gas.
a. carbon dioxide
b. argon and oxygen
d. argon and helium
e. oxygen and helium
15. welding flux :
a. helps on control the tem of the pieces being welded
b. crates a temporary bond between the pieces being welded
d. protects from the atmosphere and removes the oxide film on the
surface
c. makes it easier to move the electrode
16. increasing the carbon content of steel allows a given level of hardness to
be achieved :
a. at a higher cooling rate
b. without consideration of the cooling rate
c. without adding chromium to the steel
d. at a lower cooling rate
17. which is not a factor that should be considered in selecting the best
shielding gas mixture for a given application :
a. weld appearance and acceptable spatter level
b. thickness joint design and penetration requirements
c. the welders personal requirement
d. transfer mode
18. which of the following is not considered to be cause of incomplete fusion
a. welding current exceeding that specified on a WPS
b. using too large an electrode for a narrow Vee
c. improper manipulation of the electrode
d. using the wrong type of electrode
19. which is an advantage of an argon/ hydrogen gas mixture in TIG of
stainless steel
a. lower heat input
b. improved toughness
c. faster travel speed
d. improved mechanical properties
20. some MMA electrodes for the welding of stainless steel have a low carbon
steel core wire and the alloying elements in the covering. This is because :
a. the core wire offer lower resistance to the passage of the welding
current
b. the manufacturer can more conveniently include alloying elements in
the covering than produce special core wires
c. both for reason a and b above
d. for some reason not listed above
21. sulphur is sometimes added to steel to improve
a. the impact properties of the welded joint
b. provide higher impurities levels
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c. toughness of the parent materials


d. machining properties characteristics of the steel
22. slow cooling of liquid metal from high tem promotes the growth of
a. medium grains
b. large grains
c. small grains
d. a combinations of large and small grain
23. a defect can best be described as ;
a. all type of flaw in a weld regardless of size
b. meaning exactly the same thing as a discontinuity
c. any type of weld flaw
d. a discontinuity judged to possibility interfere with the fit for purpose
of the weld
24. ACC ( Drooping arc ) power source is suitable for
a. MMA-TIG
b. MIG/MAG FCAW welding process
c. SAW MIG/MAG
d. MMA MIG/MAG
25. In Gas Metal Arc Welding ( GMAW ) , spray Transfer may be achieved using
shielding gases containing
a. more than 85% argon
b. less than 50% argon
c. 100% carbon dioxide
d. less than 75% argon
26. when welding with a weave technique the heat input using the same
welding parameters( amps and volts ) as those used for stringer bead will be
a. lower than that for the stringer bead
b. unaffected because techniques has no influence on the heat input
c. will the higher than the stringer bead because the travel speed wiil be
lower
d. the same as that for the stringer bead
27. welding in cold weather conditions is mostly commonly associated with
increased risk of
a. undercut
b. porosity
c. slag inclusion
d. cracking
28. hydrogen trapped in the weldment can cause hydrogen cracking if the
contents of hydrogen are too high. What is the other name commonly used to
describe hydrogen cracking?
a. fissure cracks
b. hot cracks
c. supercritical cracks
d. cold cracks
29. steel is often heat treated after it is made at the steel mill. When a steel is
normalized what is the primary objective of this process ?
a. to increase the hardness
b. to decrease the amount of carbon in the steel
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c. to increase the low tem toughness of a steel


d. to improve the tensile strength
30. travel speed is the rate at which the welding gun progress along the joint.
As the travel speed increases :
a. the penetration is increased
b. the heat input into the joint decreased and the penetration is
decreased
c. the penetration is decreased and the weld bead becomes higher and
wider
d. the heat input into the joint is increased
31. the recommended drying tem and time required producing a condition
below 5 ml H2/100 grams of weld metal when using basic electrodes would be :
a. below 150oc for 1 hour
b. 250oc for 1 hour
c. over 350c for 1 hour
d. 600c for 1 hour
MFY OO2
1. Why is the generally good practice to aim at using the least amount of
consumable materials and keep joint preparations to a minimum?
a. to increase beneficial residual stresses
b. improved strength
c. smaller welds generally look better
d. to reduce costs and with less weld matel there is the prop ability of
fewer weld faults
2. in general, the MIG/MAG mode of transfer best suited for the welding thin
sheet is :
a. short- circuiting transfer
b. globular transfer
c. spray transfer
d. should not use MIG?MAG for welding thin sheet
3. in general. The MIG/MAG mode transfer best suited for welding thin sheet is
dip transfer
a. true
b. false
4. which of the following maybe difficult to detect with the radiographic
inspection method?
a. incomplete penetration
b. discontinuities pendicular to the radiation beam
c. slag inclusion
d. porosity
5. The pulsed MIG/MAG process is only suitable for welding in the flat
position
a. True
b. False

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6. When using Gas Metal Arc Welding ( GMAW ) process, straight argon may be
successfully used as a shielded gas when welding the following
a. steel or aluminum
b. Aluminum
c. Straight argon is never used
d. Steel
7. The primary advantage of a 75% Ar,25% co2 gas mixture over pure co2 in
the FCAW process is :
a. increase in welding speeds
b. very significant reduction in weld spatter
c. increase the heat input
d. decrease in welding speeds
8. A cause of inadequate penetration could :
a. Incorrect joint preparation
b. Incorrect joint design
c. Incorrect welding technique
d. All of the answer provided are possible cause
9. which of the following is not a method of increasing the hardness of a
steel ?
a. heat treatment
b. casting
c. mechanical deformation
d. introducing alloying elements
10. welding changes the properties of solid steel through ;
a. mechanical changes caused by rolling
b. changing the final appearance of the steel
c. heating and cooling cycles associated with the welding arc and weld
metal deposit
d. metallurgical effects as a results of micrographs
11. tension test results are used :
a. soundness of the materials being tested
b. to select material for engineering applications
c. fracture toughness of the materials being tested
d. fatigue capability of the material being tested
12. which of the following may contribute to the formation of porosity in the
weld deposit :
a. all of the answer provided is a contributing factor
b. low welding current
c. contamination of the weld joint surfaces
d. use of contaminated electrodes
13. When using the GMAW process for the welding of aluminium, the liner
should made of :
a. Nylon
b. Graphite
c. Steel
d. A liner should not be used
14. When preparing bend test specimens it is important to :
36

a. use a proper etching


b. prevent stress raisers by radius all edges of the specimen
c. ensure the reduced section is of the correct dimensions
d. accurately place the notch in the correct position
15. steels that have intentional additions of sulphur, lead or selenium to
improve machine ability :
a. can develop liquation crack in the HAZ after being welded
b. are used for trucks axles only
c. do not require approved procedures to be welded
d. can not be welded
16.

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