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Betty Schrampfer Azar Stacy A.

Hagen

Teacher Resource Disc
Slide shows for use with PowerPoint presentation software

Laurette Poulos Simmons
Copyright © 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

CONTENTS
12-1 12-2 12-3 12-4 12-5 12-6 12-7 12-8 12-9 Using can Pronunciation of can and can’t Using can: questions Using know how to Using could: past of can Using be able to Using very and too + adjective Using two, too, and to More about prepositions: at and in for place

12-1 USING CAN

Tarifa is smart. She can speak five languages.

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12-1 USING CAN

(a) Tarifa is smart. She can speak five languages. (b) I have some money. I can buy a present for my mom. (c) You are smart. You can fix cars. can ability possibility
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12-1 USING CAN

(d) CORRECT: Thelma can ride a bike.

can

simple form of main verb

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12-1 USING CAN

(d) CORRECT: Thelma can ride a bike. (e) INCORRECT: Thelma can to ride a bike.

can

infinitive with to

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12-1 USING CAN

(d) CORRECT: Thelma can ride a bike. (e) INCORRECT: Thelma can to ride a bike. (f) INCORRECT: Thelma can rides a bike. main verb – final -s

can

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12-1 USING CAN

(g) Rajiv can not snowboard.
Rajiv cannot snowboard.

Rajiv can’t snowboard.
NEGATIVE:

can + not = can not or cannot
CONTRACTION:

can + not = can’t
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12-1 Let’s Practice

A dog ___ can swim.

can can’t

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12-1 Let’s Practice

A kitten ____ can’t read.

can can’t

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12-1 Let’s Practice

can can’t

A butterfly ____ can’t dance.

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12-2 PRONUNCIATION OF CAN AND CAN’T

Jonas can come to school with us.

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12-2 PRONUNCIATION OF CAN AND CAN’T

(a) Jonas can come to school with us.
Can – pronounced “kun”

/kən/

(b) Liv can’t come to school with us.
Can’t – pronounced as “ant” /kænt/

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12-2 Let’s Practice

can can’t

Fish ____ can swim. Fish can’t ____ fly.

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12-2 Let’s Practice

Giraffes ____ can’t roar.

can can’t

Lions can ___ roar.

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12-3 USING CAN: QUESTIONS

Alia can speak Farsi. Can you speak Farsi?

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12-3 USING CAN: QUESTIONS

CAN + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

(a) Can

you

speak

Farsi?

Yes, I can. No, I can’t. (b) Can Ida drive?

Yes, she can. No, she can’t.
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12-3 USING CAN: QUESTIONS

QUESTION + CAN + SUBJECT + MAIN WORD VERB

(c) Where

can

I

walk my dog?

In the park.
(d) When can we bake cookies?

On Saturday.

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12-3 Let’s Practice

Inga can jump rope.
_________ Can Inga ` jump rope ________?
Yes, __________. she can

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12-3 Let’s Practice

Ari can’t play the violin.
Can _________ Ari play the ________? violin No, he can’t __________.

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12-3 Let’s Practice

I can bake a cake.
___________ Can you bake a cake __________? Yes, I can _________.

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12-4 USING KNOW HOW TO

They know how to dance very well.

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12-4 USING KNOW HOW TO

(a) They can dance. (b) They know how to dance.

same meaning

(c) Can you dance?
(d) Do you know how to dance?

same meaning

know how to expresses ability
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12-4 Let’s Practice

Yes, I do. .

__________ Do you know _________? how to knit

know how to knit

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12-4 Let’s Practice

Do you know how ______________ to play golf ____________?

Yes, I do. .

play golf

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12-4 Let’s Practice

___________ Do you know ___________ how to get to __________? the library

get to the library

No, I don’t.

.

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12-5 USING COULD: PAST OF CAN

I was in Maine last summer. I could eat lobster every day.

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12-5 USING COULD: PAST OF CAN

(a) I am in Maine. I can eat lobster every day. (b) I was in Maine last year. I could eat lobster every day when I was there. could = past form of can
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12-5 USING COULD: PAST OF CAN

(c) I can’t watch TV this afternoon. I have to do my laundry. (d) I could not watch TV last Friday. had toTV do last my laundry. I couldn’t Iwatch Friday.

NEGATIVE could + not = couldn’t
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12-5 USING COULD: PAST OF CAN

(e) Could you get to class before 9:00?

QUESTION

could + subject + main verb

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12-5 Let’s Practice

could

couldn’t

Last year we went to Thailand. We _______ could go swimming every day

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12-5 Let’s Practice

could couldn’t

I _______ couldn’t fix the heater because I didn’t have the right tools.

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12-5 Let’s Practice

could

couldn’t

I _______ couldn’t use the blue blanket because it was dirty.

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12-6 USING BE ABLE TO

I am able to read very fast.

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12-6 USING BE ABLE TO

PRESENT

(a) I am able to read very fast.

(b) I can read very fast.

same meaning

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12-6 USING BE ABLE TO

FUTURE

(c) You will be able to go home Monday. (d) You can go home Monday.

same meaning

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12-6 USING BE ABLE TO

PAST

(e) I wasn’t able to watch a movie last Saturday.
(f) I couldn’t watch a movie last Saturday.

same meaning

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12-6 Let’s Practice

Jen is deaf. She can use sign language. be able to

Jen is deaf. She ________ is able to use sign language.

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12-6 Let’s Practice

He couldn’t finish his work.
be able to not

He ___________ wasn’t able to finish his work.

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12-6 Let’s Practice

Goldfish can’t sing.
be able to not

Goldfish ___________ aren’t able to sing.

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12-7 USING VERY AND TOO + ADJECTIVE

The homework is very long, but you can do it.

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12-7 USING VERY AND TOO + ADJECTIVE

(a) The paper is very long, but you can do it.

(b) The paper is too long. You can’t do it.
(c) The line is very long, but I can wait. (d) The line is too long. I can’t wait.

very ≠ too very long = difficult but possible too long = impossible
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12-7 USING VERY AND TOO + ADJECTIVE

(e) The line is too long.

NEGATIVE RESULT:

I can’t wait.

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12-7 USING VERY AND TOO + ADJECTIVE

(f) These pants are too tight.
NEGATIVE RESULT:

I can’t wear them.

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12-7 Let’s Practice

too

very

That mountain too high. He is ___ can’t climb it.

The mountain is very high, but he ____ can climb it.
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12-7 Let’s Practice

too very

The race is ____ very long, but he can finish it.

The race is ___ too long. He can’t finish it.
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12-7 Let’s Practice

too very
can’t can

The homework is ___ too difficult. She can’t do it. ____

The homework is ____ very difficult, but she ____ can do it.
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12-8 USING TWO, TOO, AND TO

They have two pets.

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12-8 USING TWO, TOO, AND TO

TWO (a) They have two pets.

TWO TOO TO

same pronunciation

TWO = a number
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12-8 USING TWO, TOO, AND TO

TWO (a) They have two pets. TOO (b) Ralph is too short to reach that. too short = impossible to reach because of height (c) Ada likes music. I like it too. too = also

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12-8 USING TWO, TOO, AND TO

TWO (a) They have two pets. TOO (b) Ralph is too short to reach that. (c) Ada likes music. I like it too. TO (d) I ran to school. (e) They want to go to Africa. to = topart = a of preposition an infinitive
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12-8 Let’s Practice

They are walking __ to school.

two too to

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12-8 Let’s Practice

We have ___ two teenagers. Kristie is going ___ to college. Ben is going ___ to college ___. too two too to
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12-8 Let’s Practice

My grandmother is ____ too old

____ to ski. My ____ two aunts will stay home with her.
two too to

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

Rhea is at work.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(a) Rhea is at work.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(a) Rhea is at work. Anna is at home.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(a) Rhea is at work. Anna is at home. Yumi is at school.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(a) Rhea is at work. Anna is at home. Yumi is at school. home work school

at

+

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(b) Ruth is in bed.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(b) Ruth is in bed. Jim is in class.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(b) Ruth is in bed. Jim is in class. Ralph is in jail.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(b) Ruth is in bed. Jim is in class. Ralph is in jail. bed class jail/prison

in +

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(c) Ms. Kim is in the hospital.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(c) Ms. Kim is in the hospital.

American English British English

= in the hospital = in hospital

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(d) Roger is in the kitchen.

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(d) Roger is in the kitchen.

in +

the kitchen the classroom the hall my bedroom

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(e) Nathan is in Athens.
cities states/provinces countries continents

in +

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(f)

A: Where’s Inga? B: She isn’t here. She’s at the library. usually at is used with the post office the bank the bookstore

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12-9 MORE ABOUT PREPOSITIONS: AT AND IN FOR PLACE

(g) Len is at the store.

Bea is in the store.

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12-9 Let’s Practice

at in Is Len here? No, he’s __ at the store.

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12-9 Let’s Practice

at in Where’s Cindy? She’s __ in the garage.

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12-9 Let’s Practice

at in Is Lynn okay? No, she’s __ in the hospital.

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PHOTO CREDITS

Images used under license from: • Shutterstock, Inc. • Clipart.com

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