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By: Abdul Rehman Moazzam Asim Abbasi Fahad Naveed Omer Abdur Rehman Qamar Abdur Rehman

 What is Culture?  Culture is…….  Thought Patterns, Special Behaviors of a particular Group or Sect.
 A particular Civilization at a particular stage.  Knowledge, Practices, Believes, Values, Customs shared by a





Individual Behaviors

Psychosocial Needs

Cultural or Social Change
 Adapting new behaviors
 Economic, recreational or political transitions in a society  Diffusion of different cultures

Reasons for Cultural Change
 Media Revolution  Technological Inventions and Advancements

 Growth in Urbanization
 Industrialization  Expansion of nationwide and international trade

Reasons for Cultural Change
 Spread of literacy  Different ideologies of different political parties

 The impact of Western countries

Media Revolution
a) Cable culture and introduction of several new T.V

channels (e.g. News , Food, Music, Business, Cartoon , Movie channels etc.)

Media Revolution
b) Adapting new ceremonies e.g. Valentine’s Day,

Halloween , Mother/Father Day etc.
c) Introduction of new educational courses e.g. Fashion

designing, Photography, Film making etc.
d) Expansion of Radio and Print media. (e.g. New

broadcasting radio channels, several newspapers, food/fashion/educational magazines.

Technological Inventions and Advancement

Computers and Internet
(e.g. Computer based office work, Social networking sites, Ecommerce, Educational portals, Emails etc.)

Technological Inventions and Advancement
b) Mobile industry revolution

c) Plastic Money e.g. ATM Cards ,Credit Cards

Growth in Urbanization
 Rural to Urban Migration

 Development of modern housing societies on western


 Transformation from agri-business to industrialization.

 Indirect Impact on cultural change.

Spread of literacy
 Increase in literacy rate has lead to a secular based thinking

instead of conservative approach.

Impact of Foreign Countries
 Liberalism e.g. (Change in lifestyles )

 Capitalization

 Great transition is in progress, be it economical, cultural,

recreational or religious.
 “Changes are spice of life”.  Monotonous living ultimately results in boredom.  We may bring positive changes in our culture(e.g. celebrating

Family Days, formal dress ups, freedom and expansion of media etc.) to make improvements but they shouldn’t clash with moral and ethical norms of our society.

 “Things do not change, We change” or “Change we need”

are some quotes which relates human nature to cultural or other socio-economic changes.


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