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What Is Considered a Normal Range of Motion? By Melissa Sabo What Is Considered a Normal Range of Motion?

Range of motion, or ROM, measurements are a vital tool used every day by physi al therapists, o upational therapists, do tors, nurses and sports medi ine spe ialists to define normal movement! "atients #ith defi its in their ROM e$perien e de reased independen e #ith a tivities of daily living, in reased pain and de reased sports performan e! %esting Range of Motion %he most important omponent of ondu ting proper ROM is isolation of the &oint being measured! Be ause the body is so omple$, many of our mus les move more than one &oint or move the &oint in multiple dire tions! %herefore, the basi guideline for ROM testing is to pla e the tester's hand above and belo# the &oint being measured and ensuring that the patient moves her body part only in the dire tion being tested! (ffe ts of )imited Range of Motion *ue to in&ury, illness or the aging pro ess patients often e$perien e de reased ROM that an affe t the patient's +uality of life! ,or e$ample, patients #ith poor ROM in their hands #ill struggle to pi - up ob&e ts and maintain their hold on the ob&e t! *e reased leg ROM an result in poor balan e and a de line in ambulation independen e! Measurements for the Shoulder Shoulder ROM is divided into multiple ategories! Shoulder fle$ion, or lifting the arm straight over the head, is normally ./0 degrees! Conversely, pushing the arm straight behind the body by up to 10 degrees is shoulder e$tension! )ifting the arm side#ays a#ay from the body, or abdu tion, is measured to ./0 degrees! Rotation of the shoulder &oint is bro-en into internal rotation2t#isting to#ard the torso, #hi h should be 30 degrees, and e$ternal rotation2t#isting a#ay from the torso, #hi h should be 40 degrees! Measurements for the )o#er 5rm ,le$ion, or bending, the elbo# should ideally be .60 degrees! "ronation, or 7palms do#n7 position, is measured to /0 degrees! 7"alms up7 position, or supination, should rea h up to /0 degrees! %he #rist is bro-en into t#o planes of movement! ,le$ion is bending the palm of the hand to#ard the forearm and normally measures /0 degrees! 8o#ever, e$tension, or bending the ba - of the hand to#ard the ba - of the forearm, should rea h 30 degrees! Moving the #rist side#ays is measured in ulnar deviation, or bending to#ard the thumb, at 90 degrees and radial deviation, bending to#ard the pin-ie finger, at :0 degrees! ,ingers are measured in fle$ion up to /0 degrees in the finger &oints and 60 degrees in the -nu -les! 5bdu tion, or fanning the fingers out, is normally 30 degrees! Measurements for the )o#er Body

pushing the leg behind the body.44/ . should measure 60 degrees! Referen es Ball State =niversity> Range of Motion )ab 7Willard and Spa -man's O upational %herapy7? Maureen (! Neistadt and (li@abeth Blesedell Crepeau? . or bending. or rossing the feet. is e$pe ted to measure :0 degrees! 5n-le fle$ion do#n#ard. and e$ternal rotation.:6 degrees! %he opposite. or fle$ion. both normally measure .0 to . is e$pe ted to be . ideally measures to . #hi h is t#isting the leg out#ard. or plantarfle$ion. or t#isting the leg in#ard.90 degrees! 5n-le up#ard fle$ion. abdu tion.6 degrees! 5ddu tion.6 degrees! <nee fle$ion. also -no#n as dorsifle$ion. normally measures to :6 degrees! Internal rotation. is normally measured up to . is onsidered e$tension and measures 90 degrees! )ifting the thigh side#ays a#ay from the body.8ip bending.