the close of this first year • the membership of the Bohemian Club counted 1ll actual numbers one hundred and sixteen, but in enthusiasm these figures no more convey an idea of size than does a lady's 'kerchief of the top-sail of a man-of-war. A prominent member in an address to the Club a year later, says, with that modesty previously referred to as characterizing the dwellers in Bohemia," The influence of its vigorous young life has even crossed the Atlantic and left its impress upon the older culture of Europe. I doubt," he continues, "if even the most sanguine of the projectors of the Bohemian Club ever dreamed of the wonderful results which so short a period would bring about in its history, or foresaw the intense interest to be taken in our proceedings by all classes of tbe society in which we live." Much of this miraculous notoriety, it was conceded, was due to the admirable institution of High Jinks, which were likened to the "Noctes Ambrosianre."

tJ.{ arvelJous influmce of the Bohemian Club.







fee which had

been raised


twenty-five dollars was now raised to fifty dollars, and the monthly dues from two dollars and a half to three dollars. Mr. Henry Ed wards, the former Vice-President, was elected President of the Club for the next term, with Arpad Harazthy, Vice-President; George Lette, Secretary; Robert Roy, Treasurer; and for Trustees, D. P. Belknap, Edward Bosqui, Samuel M. Brooks, A. G. Hawes and Robert M. Eberle. The first important event of this administration was the Jinks in honor of William Shakespeare. The night set for this affair was of a Sunday, probably because of Mr. Edwards' professional engagement. He apologetically suggests in his invitation that the members of the Club devote the day to religious duties so that the amusement of the evening may. not sit heavy on their souls. A further clerical air is given to the proceeding by a pen and ink sketch of an impossible Shakespeare labelled "William, the Divine." A "parlor entertainment" was given on May 21st to the lady friends of the members, but what the nature of it was, whether the acidulated MacStinger made tea, or the bland and subtle Parker composed one of his mysterious lemonades, is a weird secret of the dead years.



A "Shakespeare " Jinks.




Mr. Neumann
surprises the

The next Jinks occurred on May 31st, of which Paul Neumann was Sire. Mr. Neumann at this time was a young lawyer. He was called Paul by tho~e who knew him intimately, it being the custom in the Club to use a man's first name in preference to his last on the slightest provocation of friendship. Once upon a time, when the Club 'was in a very impecunious state and the members, with characteristic loyalty, were all in the same condition, Neumann, who had - a large, fat indebtedness of many months standing, gladdened the hearts of the Board by announcing his intention of settling it. The astonished Trustees, who had long since ceased to regard the account as even a possible asset, crowded around Paul and shook hands with him and congratulated him, and one enthusiastic member even suggested that the Club could afford to open a bottle of wine on so surprising an occasion. So the wine was ordered and brought and drank to an accompaniment of the recital of Paul's many virtues, to all of which he listened with becoming modesty, and then having finished his share of the wine, and a little more, he said, "And now to business," and drawing up to the table, he gravely inquired the exact amount of his debt and wrote out his note for it, spoiling thereby a good sheet of

'Boal'd of



From the Paillti/1g in the Club by Benolli Irwin.



paper. Mr. Neumann in later years became AttorneyGeneral for the Hawaiian Kingdom in the reign of Kalakaua, and like many other young Bohemians of that day, has since attained "the proud eminence where he, himself, opens wine for the Club. The subject of his Jinks was" The Hebrew and German Poets." Then follows "A Tennyson Night," of which Mr. James F. Bowman was Sire. The shortness of the nights at this season (June 28th) compels him to limit quotations to four hundred lines per man, with a notable exception in favor of Mr. O'Connell. That eminent Bohemian scientist, Dr. Behr, by the way, eXplained this phe1!0menon of the greater length of summer days as compared with those of winter, by attributing it to the well known fact that heat expands and cold contracts. We have since heard others claim this discovery, but Dr. Behr assures us that he is the original patentee. Mr. W. H. Rhodes, a lawyer, the author of some clever stories and sketches, printed over the name of "Caxton," issues this invitation for July 26th:
Bohemians attend! I address you as Sire, Elder Brother and Friend. Come forth from your attics, your garrets and dens, And brighten your bon mots, and sharpen your pens.







The theme for your thoughts in our High Jinks to-night, Is jolly, and gleesome, and funny, and bright. 'Tis THE WITS OF THE STATE-California's boastMARK TWAIN'S lively spirit, and SQUIBOB'S pale ghost, With PIPES in your mouth, and HARTE in your hand; With PODGERS in pocket, and FORBES at command; With MIGHELS to live with, and MULFORD to roam; And NEWCOMB, and BOWMAN, and BROMLEY at home; We can laugh at the world, with its follies and crimes; Its cares and misfortunes, its dollars and dimes; Aud drawing about us our emblems of love, Cry' BOHEMIANS BELOW ARE ARCHANGELS ABOVE!' For there, as this evening, in Eden's abodes, You'll find, as Your Grand Sire, Yours, 'CAXTON' H. RHODES,"

"The Wits of the State."



Bt'et Harte made honoralY members,

Of the men referred to in this screed, "Mark Twain " (Samuel M. Clemens) became an honorary member of the Club October 17th, 1873, while Bret Harte also became an honorary member about the same time. "Squibob," Lieutenant Derby, was personally known to many of the older members and residents of San Francisco. "Pipes," or II J eems Pipes, of Pipesville," was the pseudonym of Stephen Massett, an erratic but talented English,.,¥,,,-..,,,,., - .•.•.

man who traveled about ,~:;~~~~~~~'~, varied entertainment a .. {", t~\. a mono Iogue. H e gave - ;e:::; .l' ....


the world, giving in the shape of r t h erstfi penorm-

"~. ~"=.~~ '. "~, . '~'"~·i·' ~ ,<",
r;mllj~: ~ ~ 1


Ii"-~ ~

~2~·Ht ~ :

'fIn /~\\\'; \\ - \\ I \\





ance that was ever held in the Alcalde Building, Portsmouth Square. Massett once edited the Marysville "Herald." It is related of him that once upon a time Mr. Hittell, the well known California pioneer and author, engaged him in argument on religion, which Mr. Hittell attacked, finally winding up by saying, "See here, Massett, you ought to get my book on 'Evidences Against Christianity'; that will convince you." "Very well," said Massett, "I will." So the next time he entered a book store he asked for it. The clerk showed him the work in two volumes. "How much is it?" said Massett. "Three dollars," replied the clerk. " What!" exclaimed Massett, "Three dollars! Take it back, sir, take it back; I prefer to remain a Christian." "Podgers" was Richard S. Ogden, correspondent of the New York "Times," and a member of the Club. Harry Mighels was editor of the Carson "Tribune," and a painter of some talent; the Club has one of his pictures, "The Lone Tree." Prentice Mulford, who has since achieved wider reputation, was at this time editor of "The Golden Era." The following interesting note appears in an old member's scrap-book: "In July, 1873, Owen Marlowe, an actor lat the California Theater and a


Owen Marlowe leaves Bohemia.



The Club
goes on a

well-liked member of the Bohemians, left California for his home in England. Prior to his departure the Club, through private subscription, presented him with a gold watch and chain,' in appreciation of his talent as an actor and noble qualities as a gentleman.' " In addition to these admirable qualities, Marlowe also possessed the true spirit of Bohemianism, for he afterward had to pawn the watch in order that he might eventually arrive at his destination. And now the infant Club, having cut its eye teeth, went on a picnic. This precocious affair is doubly interesting in view of the subsequently famous mid-summer Jinks, to which it bears about as much resemblance as a Dutch cheese to an eightday clock. The way the business came about was through an invitation sent to the Club by a representative of the Sausalito Land and Ferry Company. Going on a picnic being a weighty matter, not to be lightly undertaken, a special meeting of the Club was called to consider the proposition. Finally the Club concluded to accept the invitation and sent out a circular requesting the members· to congregate at Meiggs' Wharf on Saturday, July 30th, at 8:30 A. M., with their ladies, and take the boat for Sausalito. Those who possessed a "matrimonial cooking stove"




were expected to contribute edibles, while the bachelors were called on for the wine. The Club, we learn from its circular, generously furnished "bread and butter, and seasoning." There were no less than six committees, which irradiated the proceedings with highly colored badges. One of -the " features" not provided by the Club, or the Sausalito Land Company, was the wind, which was so persistently boisterous that the party was glad to take refuge, on landing, in the pavilion, or huge barn which had been thoughtfully erected in Sausalito for the use of picnic parties, and there go through with the programme arranged for the occaSlOn; Following this eventful episode, Mr. Joseph Ford, a stock broker and an artist of considerable ability who had spent several years abroad studying for the, profession of painting, presided over a Jinks, August 30th, of which the subject was" Charles Dickens." Then followed Dr. R. Beverly Cole with a Jinks, "In Memoriam of Byron." The music for this entertainment was written for the occasion by members of the Club. The cartoon is a pen and ink sketch by Bosq ui. And now come we to an epoch! On September 27th, 1873, Mr. George T. Bromley made his first

Mr. Eastman.

A "ellal-US
Dickens " Jinks.

"B..yr01l "







Bromley makes his first appear-



ance before
the Club.

public appearance before the Club. Mr. Bromley had entered the society of the Bohemians the preceding April, a young man of fifty-six, or thereabouts. And that knowing bird which presides over the destinies of Bohemia immediately took him under her venerable wing. Previous to joining the Bohemian Club, Mr. Bromley was born in Norwich, Connecticut, and went to sea at the tender age of twelve. He says his going to sea was a remarkable instance of filial thoughtfulness, inasmuch as his mother was somewhat anxious about his habit of going out at night, so he went to sea in order that when she woke up at any hour she might know exactly where he was. So Mr. Bromley's first Jinks naturally takes for its subject "Poets who Have Sung of the Sea," for which the combined talent of Mr. Bosqui and Mr. Newcomb furnished a pen and ink cartoon of wrecks and sea serpents and desert islands. Inspired, no doubt, by Mr. Bromley's e.ffort, that eminent lawyer, orator and ex-soldier of the Rebellion, General W. H. L. Barnes, issued a special order for a Jinks on November 29th, which dealt with "The Poets who Have Sung of the Battle-field." Virgil Williams painted the cartoon. ;,\ J. G. Eastman issued the call for the Christmas

Dr. Co/e.

"Poets who have sung of the battle-

field. "





Jinks of 1873, in which it was proposed to discuss the life, character and literary productions of that eminent Bohemian, Dr. Watts; the punch to be made according to his private recipe. An unknown artist has left a cartoon in black and white commemorating the event. Judge E. D. Wheeler followed January 31st, 1874, with a Jinks on "Walter Scott." Dr. C. J. Deane, with a rather gruesome professional pride, announces "A clinic over an apoplectic punch bowl in yigorem mortis, and a dissection of the heart and brains of Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes," for which occasion Benoni Irwin drew the cartoon. In the early part of the evening a complimentary greeting was telegraphed to Dr. Holmes by the Sire, to which presently came back the following answer:
"Message from San Francisco! Whisper low! Asleep in bed an hour and more ago. While on his peaceful pillow he reclines. Say to the friends who sent these loving lines, 'Silent, unanswering, still to friendship true, He smiles in slumber, for he dreams of you I' Boston, February 28, '74, Midnight."

Dr. Watts

Dr.Oltver Wendell Holmes telegraPhs a poem to the Club.

Probably this is the only case where a poet has been waked up in the middle of the


Barnes -





night to compose poetry by telegraph. The message arrived at the Club, of course, in the early part of the evening, and was received with much enthusiasm. The Club, through its Secretary, afterwards sent an apologetic note to Dr. Holmes for having so unceremoniously disturbed his slumbers, and asked him for the verse in his own writing, to which the distinguished author sent this reply:




March 22d, 1874.

Dr. Holmes' letter.

I enclose the hasty lines which the Club has done me the honor of asking for in my own handwriting. It is a long distance to send so small a measure of verse, the squeeze of a single grape, as it were, but you know how suddenly it was called for, and how promptly, such as it was, it came. With many thanks for the kind wishes and compliments you convey me, I am, my dear sir, Yours very truly,


Dr. Holmes was afterward made an honorary member of the Club. Although he never visited San Francisco, he looked upon the connection in a very friendly spirit. At his death the Club had the melancholy satisfaction of being represented at the obsequies by one ~of its members, who placed a wreath upon the distinguished author's coffin. The second annual High Jinks, which was, as









usual, strictly a members' night, was sired by Mr. Tames T. Bowman, the subject being "The Poet Longfellow"; the cartoon in black and white is by Joseph Ford. This Jinks ended the first year of Mr. Edwards' administration and the second of the Club's existence. Unfortunately, Mr. Edwards had been sick a great part of the time. Mr. Arpad Harazthy, the Vice-President, however, served in his place with commendable zeal and enthusiasm. Mr. Harazthy is a veteran vine-grower of the State. His father, the son of a Hungarian nobleman, exiled for political reasons, crossed the plaius to California by the Santa Fe route in 1849. Harazthy, who was a boy at the time, relates that one night as the party were gathered around the camp-fire, a horseman suddenly appeared out of the darkness. This man was a tall, black-haired, fierce-looking personage astride of a coal-black steed. After talking awhile the stranger disappeared as mysteriously as he came. He offered no explanation of his being alone in that savage wilderness, and our youthful Arpad always regarded him as an apparition. It was not until twenty years after that he again came face to face with the midnight visitor, becoming associated with him, in fact, in the formation of the Bohemian Club. The

"Longfellow" ]ink$.

'The lone horseman of the Santa Fi trail.



~ __




solitary gentleman of the Santa Fe trail ~as Colonel Cremony. The membership had now increased to one hundred and eighty-two. Among those who joined in 1873, and still remain with the Club, are A. L. Bancroft, John L. Beard, Dr. Behr, George T. Bromley, General Foote, George C. Hickox, Barton Hill, Thomas Hill, Charles Josselyn, Judge Low, Samuel D. Mayer, Stewart Menzies, Sidney M. Smith, James A. Thompson and Raphaef Weill. A modest library of one hundred and fifty books had been collected. Some of these had been presented by the men who wrote them, and all were gifts of members. Mr. William Alvord may be said to have been one of the founders of the library, for he gave his check for one hundred dollars to the fund-the check was good, too, for besides being a Bohemian, Mr. Alvord was a banker. Mr. Alvord also gave the Club the well-known painting by William Hahn, entitled ((One of the Bohemians." We also find recorded a vote of thanks tendered to Charles B. Plummer for his gift of a copy of Webster's ((very useful" dictionary. Mrs. D. P. Bowers, the actress, presented the Club with her portrait and received the following handsome acknowledgment:




"The members of the Club offer to Mrs. D. P. Bowers their cordial thanks for the privilege she has so kindly given them of looking upon her counterfeit presentment which now adorns the walls of our parlor. While doing homage at the shrine of her genius the Bohemians desire to express their full appreciation of the pleasure and pride they feel at being allowed to be numbered among her friends and admirers." Mrs. Bowers was an admirable woman and a most talented actress, who was playing at the time at the California Theater. She was afterward made an honorary member of the Club, an honor also bestowed upon Mrs. Margaret B. Bowman, the wife of Mr. James F. Bowman, and Mrs. Sarah Lippincott, a wellknown writer of that day. We also find recorded an acknowledgment of the donation of a door-mat by Mr. Belknap. That gentleman explains that the mat was given him by a dealer, probably because of his being a member of the furnishing committee, and he accordingly presents it to the Club. Mr. Belknap does not say in so many words tbat he "worked)l that dealer for the mat, but the inference is plain, and he deserves to have his name inscribed among the founders of the "Order of Cheerful Workers," whose meteoric career
(Mrs. 7). 'P.
Bowers presents the Club with her portrait.

The humble beginning of the" Order of Cheerful Workers."



did so much in later years to add to the effulgent reputation of the Club. On April 3d, 1874, at the last meeting of the Board of Trustees, that august body did a little " working" on its own account, as the following resolution shows: "It was moved and seconded that the Board take a drink at the expense of the Club. Motion carried unanimously, and having been put into effect the Board adjourned sine dz"e."

- From the cartoon

oj • 'Ballad 11/1'1ters.·

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