7708d_Ans_01-06 8/25/01 6:17 PM Page ANS-1 mac76 Mac 76:1st shift

:

to Selected
Answers
Even-Numbered
Homework Problems
*Problems marked with an Æ* are intended to be solved with the aid of a programmable calculator or computer.

Chapter
1.4
1.6
1.8
1.10
1.12
1.14
1.16

1.20
1.22
1.24
1.26
1.28
*1.30
1.32
1.34
1.36
1.40
1.42
1.44
1.46
1.48
*1.50
*1.52

1
1a2 FL2; 1b2 FL3; 1c2 FL
1b2
dimensionless; yes
dimensionless; yes
yes
1a2 4.32 mms; 1b2 70.2 kg; 1c2 13.4 N;
1d2 22.3 ms2; 1e2 1.12 N  sm2
1a2 6.47  105 m2; 1b2 7.83  105 J;
1c2 3.86  105 m; 1d2 5.90  104 W;
1e2 289 K
1a2 7.57  102 m3 s; 1b2 4,540 liters min;
1c2 2.67 ft3 s
30.6 kg; 37.3 N
2.65 slugsft3; 1.37
0.0186 ft3; no
16.0 kNm3; 1.63  103 kg m3; 1.63
r  1001  0.05333 T  0.004095 T 2;
991.5 kg m3
58.0 kPa
oxygen
6.44  103 slugs ft3; 0.622 lb
1.5  103 N  sm2; 3.1  105 lb  sft2
31.0%
5  105 N  sm2; 10.4  107 lb  sft2
0.116 lb  sft2; larger
15,000 1water2; 752 1air2
C  1.43  106 kg 1m  s  K12 2;
D  1.767  106 N  s m2; B  1.870 

1.54
1.56
1.58
*1.60

1.62
*1.64
1.68
1.70
1.72
1.74
1.76
1.78
1.80
1.82
1.84
1.86
1.88

Chapter
2.2
2.6
2.8
2.10
2.12
2.16

103 K; 5.76  104 N  sm2
ratio  1
7.22°
0.552 Ud Nm2 acting to left on plate
1a2 C1  153 s1; C2  4350 ft2s1
1b2 5.72  105 lb ft2 1y  02; 6.94  105
lbft2 1y  0.05 ft2
0.944 ft  lb; 17.8 ft  lb s
2.45 lb  sft2
3.00  105 psi
104 psi
1.52 kg m3
En 1water2  En 1air2  1.52  104
1.06
4.74 psia
70.1 kPa 1abs2; 10.2 psia
97.9 Pa
1a2 24.5°
0.0614 in.
water column

2
1a2 16.0 kPa; 9.31 kPa; 1b2 no
50.5 M Pa; 7320 psi
No
p  K h22  g0h
36,000 lb 
7.7 psi

ANS-1

7708d_Ans_01-06

ANS-2
2.18

2.20
2.22
2.24
2.26
2.28
2.32
2.34
2.36
2.38
2.40
2.42
2.44
2.46
2.48
2.50
2.52
2.54
2.56
2.58
2.62
2.64
*2.66
2.68
2.70
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.78
2.80
2.82
2.84
2.88
2.90
2.92
2.94
2.96
2.98
2.100

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-2 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

■ Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems

1a2 0.759 m; 0.759 m 1without vapor
pressure2; 1b2 10.1 m; 10.3 m 1without vapor
pressure2; 1c2 12.3 m; 13.0 m 1without vapor
pressure2
1a2 1240 lbft2 1abs2; 1b2 1040 lbft2 1abs2;
1c2 1270 lbft2 1abs2
12.1 kPa; 0.195 kgm3
4.67 psi
7,100 Nm3
78.4 lb
0.224 psi
h  1p1  p2 2  1g2  g1 2
0.040 m
94.9 kPa
1930 kg m3
4.06 ft
27.8°
0.304 ft 1down2
665 lb 
4.51 kPa
1350 lb
33,900 lb; 2.49 ft above base of triangle
2660 lb
436 kN
1a2 1060 kN 1rectangle2; 1010 kN 1semicircle2;
1b2 1.37  106 N  m
1.88 ft
426 kN; 2.46 m below fluid surface
0.146
FH  882 kN; FV  983 kN; yes
7.77  109 lb acting 406 ft up from base of
dam
3360 psi
60.8 kN; 0.100 m below center of tank end
wall
203 kN
585 lb acting vertically downward along
vertical axis of bottle
1.22 ft; no change
54,600 lb
20.9 ft3
1a2 18.9 kPa; 1b2 0.208 m3
dzdy  0.502
4.91 ms2
158 lbft2
10.5 rad s
6.04 rad s

Chapter 3
3.2
1a2 19411  x2  62.4 lbft3; 1b2 41.2 psi 
30.0 kPam
3.4

3.6
3.8
3.10
3.12
3.14
3.16
3.18
3.20
3.22
3.24
3.26
3.28
3.30
3.32
3.34
3.36
3.38
3.40
3.42
3.44
3.46
3.48
3.50
3.52
3.54
3.58
3.60
3.62
3.64
3.66
3.68
3.70
3.72
3.74
3.76
3.82
3.84
3.86
3.88
3.90
3.92
3.94
3.96
Chapter
4.4
4.6
4.10
4.12
4.14
4.18 

0.838 psift; 0.0292 psi ft
p  1⁄2rV 2  rg0z  1⁄2rcz2  constant
12.0 kPa; 20.1 kPa
1a2 4.97 lbft3; 1b2 0.681 lbft3
34.2 fts; none
8.93 lbft2
43.0 psi
10.7 s
10.8 lbft2; 124 lbft2
1a2 5.12 lbft2; 1b2 4.10 lbft2
2.45  105 kNm2; 5.50  106 m3 s
1.40 mph
Q  1.56 D2, where Q  m3 s, D  m
0.0156 m3 s
45.7 ft
D  D1 31  1p2gD14 z 8Q2 2 4 14
2.54  104 m3 s
30 deg
0.188 in.
19.63 psi
2.50 in.
1.31 ft 
8.11 psi
2.34
From 0.229 d10 to 1.00 d10
15.4 m
1.98 ft
5.18 psi
0.303 ft3 s; 499 lb ft2; 312 lbft2; 187 lbft2
0.37 m
7.53 ft
7.38 m3 s
0.351 ft3 s
8.68  103 m3 s
R  0.998z14
29.0 fts; 7.98 psi; 3.97 ft3 s
53.4 psi; 48.1 psi 
7.14  105 psi
3000 ft3 s; 2000 ft3s; 2120 ft3 s
Q  CH2
0.630 ft; 4.48 ft
0.174 m3 s
6.51 m; 25.4 m; 6.51 m; 9.59 m
4
12,22
when x   y; x  y  0
xy  C
x  h1u0 v0 2 ln31  1yh2 4
2c2x3; 2c2y3; x  y  0 
8 ms2; 2.0 ms2; 0.08 ms2

7708d_Ans_01-06

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-3 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems ■

4.24
4.26
4.32
4.34
4.36
4.38
4.44
4.46
4.48
4.50
4.52
4.60
Chapter
5.2
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.10
5.12
5.14
5.16
5.18
5.20
5.22
5.24
5.30
5.32

5.34
5.36
5.38
5.40
5.44
5.46
5.48
5.50
5.52
5.54
5.56
5.58
5.60
5.62
5.66
5.68
5.74
5.76
5.80
5.82 

xt2; xt2
1a2 0.3 e0.5t; 1b2 0.5 s; 1c2 0.25 s 
18.9 °Cs; 16.8 °Cs
0; 100 Nm2  s
32.2 fts2
0, K r 3
1a2 10 fts2, 20 fts2; 1b2 20 fts2; 1c2 22.4 fts2
at 63.4° from streamline
3.13  105 ms2; 2.00  103 ms2 
25,600 fts2; 25.0 fts2
3.75 m3 s
r0
V 0bebt
3000 kg s; 3.00 m3s
5
1a2 45.8 fts; 1b2 20.4 fts
314 ms
19.5 ft
3.18 ft
2.23 fts
0.064 m
2.00 m3 s
1a2 0.711; 1b2 0.791; 1c2 0.837; 1d2 0.866
0.0114 slugs
1782 U/d
32.7 hr
1a2 15.6 galmin; 1b2 62.4 galmin
352 lb to left
FA, x  1890 lb to left;
FA,y  0; Rx  1890 lb
to left; Ry  0
7.01 ft3 s; 674 lb down
3.94 ft3 s
9.27 N to left
17.1 lbft
2.1%
117 lb; 89.2 lb
213 lb to left
0.108 kg
1.82 kPa
7.07 fts at 45°
0
motion to right 1a2, 1b2, 1c2; motion to left 1d2
3.97 m
2.96 lb
1a2 181 lb; 1b2 146 lb
1a2 2.96 ft  lb; 1b2 1.35 ft  lb; 1c2 920 rpm
1a2 43°; 1b2 53.4 1ft  lb2 s
1b2 3130 1ft  lb2 slug
9800 1ft  lb2 slug; 71%
84.2%

5.84
5.86
5.88
5.90
5.92
5.96
5.102
5.106
5.108
5.110
5.112
5.114
5.116
5.118
5.120
5.122
5.124

ANS-3

166 1ft  lb2 slug; 86%
778 ft
1a2 56%; 1b2 11.7 lb
0.042 m3 s
4.58  103 m3 s
1a2 392 kPa; 1b2 422 kPa
1a2 1.65 psi; 1b2 203 1ft  lb2 slug; 1c2 77.2 lb
1a2 4.29 ms, 17.2°; 1b2 558 1N  m2 s
2.22 MW
301 hp
303°R actual, 267°R ideal, 88%
1a2 1.20 m3s; 1b2 0.928 m3s; 1c2 0.705 m3s
2.02 hp
1a2 4.08 hp; 1b2 9.94 ft
31.3 hp
14,500 1ft  lb2 s
1a2 1.11; 1b2 1.08; 1c2 1.06; 1d2 1.05; 1e2 1.04;
1f2 1.03

Chapter 6
ax 1local2  0; ax 1conv2  181x3  xy2 2;
6.2
ay 1local2  0; ay 1conv2  181x2 y  y3 2;
V  24jˆ; 0V 0  24 fts; a  288iˆ  288jˆ;
0a 0  407 fts2
6.4
1a2 0; 1b2 v  1y2  z2iˆ  15z22jˆ 
1y22kˆ ; No
6.6
No; None 1except both equal to zero2
6.8
1a2 0; 1b2 v  1U2b2kˆ ; 1c2 z  1Ub2kˆ ;
#
1d2 g  U b
v  4yz2  6y2z
6.10
6.12
1a2 x  y  0; 1b2 76.0°; no stagnation points
6.14
No
6.16
1a2 vr  V sin u, vu  V cos u; 1b2 c  
Vx  C, c  Vr cos u  C
6.18
1a2 Yes; 1b2 Only for A  B; 1c2 y2 
1BA2x2  C
6.20
1a2 v  2y; 1b2 1.41 fts
6.22
1b2 1 m3 s 1per unit width2
6.26
1a2 pA  p0; 1b2 pB  p0
c  5x2y  15 32y3  C
6.28
f  A ln r  Br cos u  C; u  p, r  AB
6.30
6.32
60.5 psi
6.34
1a2 Yes; 1b2 Yes, f  21x  y2  C; 1c2 0
6.36
80.1 kPa
6.38
1a2 c  Kr2 2  C; 1b2 No
6.40
1a2 0p  0r  11.60  103 2 r3 kPam;
1b2 184 kPa
6.42
Yes
C  0.500 m
6.44
≠  v¢u 1b2  a2 2
6.46
6.48
0.0185 m s at 36.4° from x-axis

7708d_Ans_01-06

ANS-4
6.50
6.52
6.54
6.60

*6.62
6.66
6.68
6.70
6.72
6.74

6.76
6.78
6.80
6.82
6.84
6.90
6.92
6.94
6.98
Chapter
7.4
7.6
7.8
7.10
7.12
7.14
7.16
7.18
7.20
7.22
*7.24
7.26
*7.28
7.30
7.32
7.34
7.36
7.38

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-4 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

■ Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems

1a2 0p  0u  0; 1b2 0p  0r  r≠ 2 4p2 r3
7.50 m2 s
8.49  104 ms
1a2 pmax  p0  rU22 1at u  0 and p2;
pmin  p0  3rU22 1at u  p22;
1b2 12r3a211  a2r2 2sin u  1
ya 10
1b2 Vwall  1mp2 3y 1/2  y2 2 4; 1c2 pwall 
p0  1rm2 2p2 2 3y 1/2  y2 2 4 2
1b2 m  4pAL2
0ps 0u  4rU2 sin u cos u; u falls in range
of 90°
1a2 0v  0y  2x; 1b2 a  2x3ˆi ; 1c2 0p  0x 
2m  2rx3
1a2 2.81  104 m2 s; 1b2 40 Nm2 1acting in
direction of flow2;
1c2 0.105 ms
q  1rgh3 sin a2 3m
q  2rgh33m
u  3 1U1  U2 2 b4y  U2
yb  1⁄3
0.355 N  m
1a2 Re  640 6 2100; 1b2 180 kPa; 1c2 60.0
Nm2
1b2 1.20 Pa
vu  R2 vr
0.165 ft
7
1a2 103 ms; 1b2 444 ms
v2/g  f1h /2
qb32 2g  f1Hb, mrb32 2g2
dd12 V2 r  f1d2 d1, rVd1 m2
QA54 2g  f1 
2A, S0 2
1a2 VD 2r  f1bd, d D2; 1b2 V 
22b prdD2
drV2/12  f1Vc, /i/1 2
¢p 1D2 1for a given velocity2
v  CD2gm 1C  constant2; decrease
h D  f1sgD2 2
¢p rV2  1.101A1 A2 2 2  1.07 1A1 A2 2 
0.0103; 6.26 lbft2
1a2 correct; 1b2 t  1.36m
1a2 Hb  f 1hb, /b2;
1b2 Hb  0.0833 1hb2 1.00
Q  2gH5  f1b H2
6.52  102 fts
129 ms
sm s  4.44  103
1170 kmhr

7.40
7.42
7.44
7.46
7.48
7.50
7.52
7.54

7.56
7.58
7.60
7.62
7.64
Chapter
8.4
8.6
8.8
8.10
8.12
8.16
8.18
8.20
8.22
8.24
8.26
8.28
8.30
8.34
8.36
8.38
8.44
8.46
8.52
8.54
8.56
8.58
8.60
8.62
8.64
8.66
8.68
8.70
8.72
8.74
8.76

187 mph
4.62  109 m2 s; no
1a2 400 kmhr; 1b2 170 N
50.2 kPa 1abs2
1a2 V/2Q  f1/i/, Q2/5g, rQ/m2;
no 1b2 0.410 gpm; 2.46 in.
1a2 d rV2D2  f1dD2; 1b2 31.11b
11.6 ft3 s; 0.500 psi
1a2 Vm Um  VU, Vm Dm vsm  VDvs,
Vm 2 gm Dm  V2 g D, 1r  rs 2 m rm 
1r  rs 2 r; 1b2 no
100 to 450 mph; no
0.0647 to 0.0971
0.440 ft; 2.80 ft3 s
1.31 ms; 1.25  105
0.129 psf
8
2.27 ft
laminar
1a2 7.40 lbft3; 1b2 69.8 lbft3; 1c2 55.0
lbft3
Downhill; 0.596 lb ft2; 0.238 lbft2; 0
0.102 ft
0.00376 ft  lb s
2.01 fts
h  0.509 m
18.5 m
0
1a2 0.707 R; 1b2 0.750 R
0.266 psi, 1.13 psi, 0.601 psi
0.0300
1.02  104 ft
25.1 psi
0.211 psift
yes
9.00
21.0
48.0 psi
1a2 50.2 m, 602 Nm2; 1b2 9.09 m, 8.91  104
Nm2; 1c2 4.95 m, 6.58  105 Nm2
0.188 m
0.285 m
127 hp pump
24.4 hp
disagree
0.899 lbft2
22.5 fts; 17.0 fts
0.710 ft3 s
84.0 ft
0.750 psi

7708d_Ans_01-06

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-5 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems ■

8.78
8.80
8.82
8.84
8.86
8.88
8.90
8.92
8.94
*8.96
*8.98
8.100
8.102
8.104
8.106
8.108
8.110
8.112
8.114
Chapter
9.2
9.4
9.6
9.10
9.12
9.16
9.22
9.24
9.26
9.28
9.30
9.34
9.36
9.40
9.42
9.44
9.46
9.48
9.50
9.52
9.54
9.56
9.62
9.68
9.70
9.72
9.78
9.80
9.84

1a2 135 ft; 1b2 137 ft
9
0.476 ft
78.1 psi
16.5 ft
5.73 fts
0.442 ft
379 kW
0.491 ft
0.0445 m
0.0746 cfs; 0.339 cfs
0.0180 m3 s
0.0284 m3 s; 0.0143 m3s; 0.0141 m3 s
24.9 psi
32.4 kPa
0.0221 m3 s
0.115 ft3 s
5.77 ft
0.0936 ft3 s
9
0.06 1rU2 22; 2.40
1.91
Yes
4.70 mm; 14.8 mm; 47.0 mm
0.00718 ms; 0.00229 ms
0.0130 m; 0.0716 Nm2; 0.0183 m; 0.0506
Nm2
0.171 ft; 0.134 ft
d  5.48 1vxU2 1⁄2
dx  5.03 Rex1⁄2
2
2.83d; 0.354d
0.0296 N
0.0438 N  m
No
1.06 ms
16.8 fts
2.82
7,080 N  m
2,200 lb
43.2%
greater
58.4 hp
counterclockwise
859 lb
4.31 MN; 4.17 MN
1a2 0.91, 0.840; 1b2 rise
53.5 kW; 4.46 kW
2.47  103 kW
0.0187 U

9.86
9.88
9.90
9.96
9.98

ANS-5

65.9 hp
22.5%
1.80 U
19.1
0.480, 0.409, 0.451, 0.482

Chapter 10
10.2
1a2 supercritical; 1b2 supercritical;
1c2 subcritical
10.6
5.66 ft
3.60 ms
10.8
8.30 fts
10.10
10.14
4.14 ft or 1.42 ft
10.16
0.528 ft; 0.728 ft
10.22
No
10.24
2 ft, 3.51 ft; 2 ft, 1.38 ft
10.28
3.44 m
0.0468 lbft2
10.30
1a2 1.80 lbft2; 1b2 0.0469; 1c2 0.636
10.32
35.0 m3 s
10.34
10.36
greater
10.38
7.42 min
10.40
0.000664
10.42
0.000269
10.44
Yes
33.0 ft3 s
10.48
10.50
2.23 ft; 0.756
10.52
Same
10.54
0.856 h
244 yd3
10.56
10.58
0.861 m
10.60
10.7 m
18.2 m3 s
10.64
10.70
0.00757
10.72
Decreases 
7.07  105
10.74
13.7 fts
10.76
0.00759 ft3 s
10.78
10.80
1a2 0.228 ft; 1b2 8.10, 0.223; 1c2 5.15 ft
10.82
1.51 m, 12,500 kW
10.84
0.0577; 0.000240
4.36 fts
10.86
5.85 ft3 s
10.88
10.90
53 deg
0.470 m3 s
10.92
10.94
Yes
3
Q  CW 12g3 12bH ⁄2 32  18H 5⁄2 152 4
10.96
Chapter 11
11.6 
1890 J 1kg  K2
11.8
351 K

7708d_Ans_01-06

ANS-6
11.10

11.12
11.16
11.20
11.22
11.24
11.30

11.32
11.34
11.36
11.44
11.46
11.48
11.54
11.56
11.58
11.60
11.62

11.64

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-6 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

■ Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems

1a2 constant cp, hˇ2  hˇ1  49,000 1ft 
lb2 slug; varying cp, hˇ2  hˇ1  51,000 1ft 
lb2 slug; 1b2 constant cp, hˇ2  hˇ1  4.9 
106 1ft  lb2 slug; varying cp, hˇ2  hˇ1 
6.29  106 1ft  lb2 slug; 1c2 constant cp, hˇ2 
hˇ1  1.47  107 1ft  lb2  slug; varying cp,
ˇh2  hˇ1  2.19  107 1ft  lb2 slug
944 fts
1a2 2000 mph; 1b2 2930 fts; 1c2 893 ms
1a2 335 fts; 102 ms; 1b2 1280 fts; 390 ms
1a2 732 ms; 1b2 2400 fts; 1c2 1636 mph
0.625
1a2 p* p0  0.5283; T * T0  0.8333;
1b2 p*p0  0.5457; T *T0  0.8696;
1c2 p* p0  0.4881; T * T0  0.7519;
1d2 p*p0  0.5266; T *T0  0.8299;
1e2 p* p0  0.5439; T * T0  0.8658;
1f2 p* p0  0.5283; T* T0  0.8333;
1g2 p*p0  0.5283; T *T0  0.8333
1a2 0.0277 slugs; 1b2 0.03 slugs
1a2 283 ms; 0.89; 1b2 231 ms; 0.913;
1c2 1070 ms; 0.884
269 ms; 0.900
1a2 0.012 ft2; 1b2 0.00994 ft2; 1c2 0.0308 ft2
1a2 0.36 m2; 23 kPa 1abs2; 113 K; 1b2 0.257
m2; 24.8 kPa 1abs2; 82.6 K
1a2 0.0483%; 1b2 1.43%; 1c2 0.445%;
1d2 0.0163%
11 psia
1a2 1.7 kgs; 1b2 1.52 kgs
1a2 34.7 kPa 1abs2; 314 ms; 0.8; 1b2 18.4 kPa
1abs2; 593 ms; 0.39
1a2 2830 lbft2; 1b2 2550 lbft2
T1  282K; p1  95 kPa 1abs2; T01  288K;
p01  101 kPa 1abs2; V1  104 ms; T2 
674K; p2  45 kPa 1abs2; T02  786K;
p02  84.9 kPa 1abs2; V2  520 ms
404 kPa 1abs2; 81.19 K; 31 ms

11.66
11.68

11.70
11.72
11.74
11.76

Chapter
12.4
12.6
12.8
12.10
12.12
12.14
12.18
12.22
12.24
12.26
12.30
12.32
12.34
12.36
12.44
12.46
12.50

1a2 56 kPa; 1b2 47.6 kPa
1a2 May  0.475; T0,y  1690 °R; Ty  1620
°R; p0,y  360 psia; py  309 psia;
Vy  937 fts; 1b2 May  0.521; T0,y 
2390 °R; Ty  2190 °R; p0,y  409 psia; py 
330 psia; Vy  3500 fts
1240 fts; 1.25
1a2 0.94; 4 kPa; 1b2 0.8; 17 kPa; 1c2 0.47;
50 kPa
1a2 p2 p0,1  0.213; Ma2  0.62;
1b2 p2 p0,1  0.16; Ma2  0.89
T1  291 °R; p1  1.91 psia; T0,1  519
°R; p0,1  14.7 psia; V1  1660 fts; Tx 
410 °R; px  3 psia; T0,x  598 °R; p0,x 
11 psia; Vx  1490 fts; Ty  533 °R; py 
7.5 psia; T0,y  598 °R; p0,y  10.2 psia;
Vy  784 fts; T2  549 °R; p2  5.31 psia;
T0,2  657 °R; p0,2  9.8 psia; V2  1140
fts
12
1.02 1ft  lb2 lbm
1b2 fan; 1c2 7160 ft2s2
0.08 kW
1b2 918 ft  lb; 0 rpm
1.84 hp
11.5 m
No
365 gpm
255 gpm; no
0.0529 m3 s; 13% open
1000 gpm; 800 ft
Yes
centrifugal pump
mixed-flow pump
0.0826 ft; 19.8 hp; less
1a2 16.6 m2s2; 0.849; 1b2 17.4 m2 s2; 0.843
26,600 N; 37.6 m s; 707 kgs

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