# 7708d_Ans_01-06 8/25/01 6:17 PM Page ANS-1 mac76 Mac 76:1st shift

:

to Selected
Even-Numbered
Homework Problems
*Problems marked with an Æ* are intended to be solved with the aid of a programmable calculator or computer.

Chapter
1.4
1.6
1.8
1.10
1.12
1.14
1.16

1.20
1.22
1.24
1.26
1.28
*1.30
1.32
1.34
1.36
1.40
1.42
1.44
1.46
1.48
*1.50
*1.52

1
1a2 FL2; 1b2 FL3; 1c2 FL
1b2
dimensionless; yes
dimensionless; yes
yes
1a2 4.32 mms; 1b2 70.2 kg; 1c2 13.4 N;
1d2 22.3 ms2; 1e2 1.12 N  sm2
1a2 6.47  105 m2; 1b2 7.83  105 J;
1c2 3.86  105 m; 1d2 5.90  104 W;
1e2 289 K
1a2 7.57  102 m3 s; 1b2 4,540 liters min;
1c2 2.67 ft3 s
30.6 kg; 37.3 N
2.65 slugsft3; 1.37
0.0186 ft3; no
16.0 kNm3; 1.63  103 kg m3; 1.63
r  1001  0.05333 T  0.004095 T 2;
991.5 kg m3
58.0 kPa
oxygen
6.44  103 slugs ft3; 0.622 lb
1.5  103 N  sm2; 3.1  105 lb  sft2
31.0%
5  105 N  sm2; 10.4  107 lb  sft2
0.116 lb  sft2; larger
15,000 1water2; 752 1air2
C  1.43  106 kg 1m  s  K12 2;
D  1.767  106 N  s m2; B  1.870 

1.54
1.56
1.58
*1.60

1.62
*1.64
1.68
1.70
1.72
1.74
1.76
1.78
1.80
1.82
1.84
1.86
1.88

Chapter
2.2
2.6
2.8
2.10
2.12
2.16

103 K; 5.76  104 N  sm2
ratio  1
7.22°
0.552 Ud Nm2 acting to left on plate
1a2 C1  153 s1; C2  4350 ft2s1
1b2 5.72  105 lb ft2 1y  02; 6.94  105
lbft2 1y  0.05 ft2
0.944 ft  lb; 17.8 ft  lb s
2.45 lb  sft2
3.00  105 psi
104 psi
1.52 kg m3
En 1water2  En 1air2  1.52  104
1.06
4.74 psia
70.1 kPa 1abs2; 10.2 psia
97.9 Pa
1a2 24.5°
0.0614 in.
water column

2
1a2 16.0 kPa; 9.31 kPa; 1b2 no
50.5 M Pa; 7320 psi
No
p  K h22  g0h
36,000 lb 
7.7 psi

ANS-1

7708d_Ans_01-06

ANS-2
2.18

2.20
2.22
2.24
2.26
2.28
2.32
2.34
2.36
2.38
2.40
2.42
2.44
2.46
2.48
2.50
2.52
2.54
2.56
2.58
2.62
2.64
*2.66
2.68
2.70
2.72
2.74
2.76
2.78
2.80
2.82
2.84
2.88
2.90
2.92
2.94
2.96
2.98
2.100

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-2 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

■ Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems

1a2 0.759 m; 0.759 m 1without vapor
pressure2; 1b2 10.1 m; 10.3 m 1without vapor
pressure2; 1c2 12.3 m; 13.0 m 1without vapor
pressure2
1a2 1240 lbft2 1abs2; 1b2 1040 lbft2 1abs2;
1c2 1270 lbft2 1abs2
12.1 kPa; 0.195 kgm3
4.67 psi
7,100 Nm3
78.4 lb
0.224 psi
h  1p1  p2 2  1g2  g1 2
0.040 m
94.9 kPa
1930 kg m3
4.06 ft
27.8°
0.304 ft 1down2
665 lb 
4.51 kPa
1350 lb
33,900 lb; 2.49 ft above base of triangle
2660 lb
436 kN
1a2 1060 kN 1rectangle2; 1010 kN 1semicircle2;
1b2 1.37  106 N  m
1.88 ft
426 kN; 2.46 m below fluid surface
0.146
FH  882 kN; FV  983 kN; yes
7.77  109 lb acting 406 ft up from base of
dam
3360 psi
60.8 kN; 0.100 m below center of tank end
wall
203 kN
585 lb acting vertically downward along
vertical axis of bottle
1.22 ft; no change
54,600 lb
20.9 ft3
1a2 18.9 kPa; 1b2 0.208 m3
dzdy  0.502
4.91 ms2
158 lbft2

Chapter 3
3.2
1a2 19411  x2  62.4 lbft3; 1b2 41.2 psi 
30.0 kPam
3.4

3.6
3.8
3.10
3.12
3.14
3.16
3.18
3.20
3.22
3.24
3.26
3.28
3.30
3.32
3.34
3.36
3.38
3.40
3.42
3.44
3.46
3.48
3.50
3.52
3.54
3.58
3.60
3.62
3.64
3.66
3.68
3.70
3.72
3.74
3.76
3.82
3.84
3.86
3.88
3.90
3.92
3.94
3.96
Chapter
4.4
4.6
4.10
4.12
4.14
4.18 

0.838 psift; 0.0292 psi ft
p  1⁄2rV 2  rg0z  1⁄2rcz2  constant
12.0 kPa; 20.1 kPa
1a2 4.97 lbft3; 1b2 0.681 lbft3
34.2 fts; none
8.93 lbft2
43.0 psi
10.7 s
10.8 lbft2; 124 lbft2
1a2 5.12 lbft2; 1b2 4.10 lbft2
2.45  105 kNm2; 5.50  106 m3 s
1.40 mph
Q  1.56 D2, where Q  m3 s, D  m
0.0156 m3 s
45.7 ft
D  D1 31  1p2gD14 z 8Q2 2 4 14
2.54  104 m3 s
30 deg
0.188 in.
19.63 psi
2.50 in.
1.31 ft 
8.11 psi
2.34
From 0.229 d10 to 1.00 d10
15.4 m
1.98 ft
5.18 psi
0.303 ft3 s; 499 lb ft2; 312 lbft2; 187 lbft2
0.37 m
7.53 ft
7.38 m3 s
0.351 ft3 s
8.68  103 m3 s
R  0.998z14
29.0 fts; 7.98 psi; 3.97 ft3 s
53.4 psi; 48.1 psi 
7.14  105 psi
3000 ft3 s; 2000 ft3s; 2120 ft3 s
Q  CH2
0.630 ft; 4.48 ft
0.174 m3 s
6.51 m; 25.4 m; 6.51 m; 9.59 m
4
12,22
when x   y; x  y  0
xy  C
x  h1u0 v0 2 ln31  1yh2 4
2c2x3; 2c2y3; x  y  0 
8 ms2; 2.0 ms2; 0.08 ms2

7708d_Ans_01-06

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-3 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems ■

4.24
4.26
4.32
4.34
4.36
4.38
4.44
4.46
4.48
4.50
4.52
4.60
Chapter
5.2
5.4
5.6
5.8
5.10
5.12
5.14
5.16
5.18
5.20
5.22
5.24
5.30
5.32

5.34
5.36
5.38
5.40
5.44
5.46
5.48
5.50
5.52
5.54
5.56
5.58
5.60
5.62
5.66
5.68
5.74
5.76
5.80
5.82 

xt2; xt2
1a2 0.3 e0.5t; 1b2 0.5 s; 1c2 0.25 s 
18.9 °Cs; 16.8 °Cs
0; 100 Nm2  s
32.2 fts2
0, K r 3
1a2 10 fts2, 20 fts2; 1b2 20 fts2; 1c2 22.4 fts2
at 63.4° from streamline
3.13  105 ms2; 2.00  103 ms2 
25,600 fts2; 25.0 fts2
3.75 m3 s
r0
V 0bebt
3000 kg s; 3.00 m3s
5
1a2 45.8 fts; 1b2 20.4 fts
314 ms
19.5 ft
3.18 ft
2.23 fts
0.064 m
2.00 m3 s
1a2 0.711; 1b2 0.791; 1c2 0.837; 1d2 0.866
0.0114 slugs
1782 U/d
32.7 hr
1a2 15.6 galmin; 1b2 62.4 galmin
352 lb to left
FA, x  1890 lb to left;
FA,y  0; Rx  1890 lb
to left; Ry  0
7.01 ft3 s; 674 lb down
3.94 ft3 s
9.27 N to left
17.1 lbft
2.1%
117 lb; 89.2 lb
213 lb to left
0.108 kg
1.82 kPa
7.07 fts at 45°
0
motion to right 1a2, 1b2, 1c2; motion to left 1d2
3.97 m
2.96 lb
1a2 181 lb; 1b2 146 lb
1a2 2.96 ft  lb; 1b2 1.35 ft  lb; 1c2 920 rpm
1a2 43°; 1b2 53.4 1ft  lb2 s
1b2 3130 1ft  lb2 slug
9800 1ft  lb2 slug; 71%
84.2%

5.84
5.86
5.88
5.90
5.92
5.96
5.102
5.106
5.108
5.110
5.112
5.114
5.116
5.118
5.120
5.122
5.124

ANS-3

166 1ft  lb2 slug; 86%
778 ft
1a2 56%; 1b2 11.7 lb
0.042 m3 s
4.58  103 m3 s
1a2 392 kPa; 1b2 422 kPa
1a2 1.65 psi; 1b2 203 1ft  lb2 slug; 1c2 77.2 lb
1a2 4.29 ms, 17.2°; 1b2 558 1N  m2 s
2.22 MW
301 hp
303°R actual, 267°R ideal, 88%
1a2 1.20 m3s; 1b2 0.928 m3s; 1c2 0.705 m3s
2.02 hp
1a2 4.08 hp; 1b2 9.94 ft
31.3 hp
14,500 1ft  lb2 s
1a2 1.11; 1b2 1.08; 1c2 1.06; 1d2 1.05; 1e2 1.04;
1f2 1.03

Chapter 6
ax 1local2  0; ax 1conv2  181x3  xy2 2;
6.2
ay 1local2  0; ay 1conv2  181x2 y  y3 2;
V  24jˆ; 0V 0  24 fts; a  288iˆ  288jˆ;
0a 0  407 fts2
6.4
1a2 0; 1b2 v  1y2  z2iˆ  15z22jˆ 
1y22kˆ ; No
6.6
No; None 1except both equal to zero2
6.8
1a2 0; 1b2 v  1U2b2kˆ ; 1c2 z  1Ub2kˆ ;
#
1d2 g  U b
v  4yz2  6y2z
6.10
6.12
1a2 x  y  0; 1b2 76.0°; no stagnation points
6.14
No
6.16
1a2 vr  V sin u, vu  V cos u; 1b2 c  
Vx  C, c  Vr cos u  C
6.18
1a2 Yes; 1b2 Only for A  B; 1c2 y2 
1BA2x2  C
6.20
1a2 v  2y; 1b2 1.41 fts
6.22
1b2 1 m3 s 1per unit width2
6.26
1a2 pA  p0; 1b2 pB  p0
c  5x2y  15 32y3  C
6.28
f  A ln r  Br cos u  C; u  p, r  AB
6.30
6.32
60.5 psi
6.34
1a2 Yes; 1b2 Yes, f  21x  y2  C; 1c2 0
6.36
80.1 kPa
6.38
1a2 c  Kr2 2  C; 1b2 No
6.40
1a2 0p  0r  11.60  103 2 r3 kPam;
1b2 184 kPa
6.42
Yes
C  0.500 m
6.44
≠  v¢u 1b2  a2 2
6.46
6.48
0.0185 m s at 36.4° from x-axis

7708d_Ans_01-06

ANS-4
6.50
6.52
6.54
6.60

*6.62
6.66
6.68
6.70
6.72
6.74

6.76
6.78
6.80
6.82
6.84
6.90
6.92
6.94
6.98
Chapter
7.4
7.6
7.8
7.10
7.12
7.14
7.16
7.18
7.20
7.22
*7.24
7.26
*7.28
7.30
7.32
7.34
7.36
7.38

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-4 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

■ Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems

1a2 0p  0u  0; 1b2 0p  0r  r≠ 2 4p2 r3
7.50 m2 s
8.49  104 ms
1a2 pmax  p0  rU22 1at u  0 and p2;
pmin  p0  3rU22 1at u  p22;
1b2 12r3a211  a2r2 2sin u  1
ya 10
1b2 Vwall  1mp2 3y 1/2  y2 2 4; 1c2 pwall 
p0  1rm2 2p2 2 3y 1/2  y2 2 4 2
1b2 m  4pAL2
0ps 0u  4rU2 sin u cos u; u falls in range
of 90°
1a2 0v  0y  2x; 1b2 a  2x3ˆi ; 1c2 0p  0x 
2m  2rx3
1a2 2.81  104 m2 s; 1b2 40 Nm2 1acting in
direction of flow2;
1c2 0.105 ms
q  1rgh3 sin a2 3m
q  2rgh33m
u  3 1U1  U2 2 b4y  U2
yb  1⁄3
0.355 N  m
1a2 Re  640 6 2100; 1b2 180 kPa; 1c2 60.0
Nm2
1b2 1.20 Pa
vu  R2 vr
0.165 ft
7
1a2 103 ms; 1b2 444 ms
v2/g  f1h /2
qb32 2g  f1Hb, mrb32 2g2
dd12 V2 r  f1d2 d1, rVd1 m2
QA54 2g  f1 
2A, S0 2
1a2 VD 2r  f1bd, d D2; 1b2 V 
22b prdD2
drV2/12  f1Vc, /i/1 2
¢p 1D2 1for a given velocity2
v  CD2gm 1C  constant2; decrease
h D  f1sgD2 2
¢p rV2  1.101A1 A2 2 2  1.07 1A1 A2 2 
0.0103; 6.26 lbft2
1a2 correct; 1b2 t  1.36m
1a2 Hb  f 1hb, /b2;
1b2 Hb  0.0833 1hb2 1.00
Q  2gH5  f1b H2
6.52  102 fts
129 ms
sm s  4.44  103
1170 kmhr

7.40
7.42
7.44
7.46
7.48
7.50
7.52
7.54

7.56
7.58
7.60
7.62
7.64
Chapter
8.4
8.6
8.8
8.10
8.12
8.16
8.18
8.20
8.22
8.24
8.26
8.28
8.30
8.34
8.36
8.38
8.44
8.46
8.52
8.54
8.56
8.58
8.60
8.62
8.64
8.66
8.68
8.70
8.72
8.74
8.76

187 mph
4.62  109 m2 s; no
1a2 400 kmhr; 1b2 170 N
50.2 kPa 1abs2
1a2 V/2Q  f1/i/, Q2/5g, rQ/m2;
no 1b2 0.410 gpm; 2.46 in.
1a2 d rV2D2  f1dD2; 1b2 31.11b
11.6 ft3 s; 0.500 psi
1a2 Vm Um  VU, Vm Dm vsm  VDvs,
Vm 2 gm Dm  V2 g D, 1r  rs 2 m rm 
1r  rs 2 r; 1b2 no
100 to 450 mph; no
0.0647 to 0.0971
0.440 ft; 2.80 ft3 s
1.31 ms; 1.25  105
0.129 psf
8
2.27 ft
laminar
1a2 7.40 lbft3; 1b2 69.8 lbft3; 1c2 55.0
lbft3
Downhill; 0.596 lb ft2; 0.238 lbft2; 0
0.102 ft
0.00376 ft  lb s
2.01 fts
h  0.509 m
18.5 m
0
1a2 0.707 R; 1b2 0.750 R
0.266 psi, 1.13 psi, 0.601 psi
0.0300
1.02  104 ft
25.1 psi
0.211 psift
yes
9.00
21.0
48.0 psi
1a2 50.2 m, 602 Nm2; 1b2 9.09 m, 8.91  104
Nm2; 1c2 4.95 m, 6.58  105 Nm2
0.188 m
0.285 m
127 hp pump
24.4 hp
disagree
0.899 lbft2
22.5 fts; 17.0 fts
0.710 ft3 s
84.0 ft
0.750 psi

7708d_Ans_01-06

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-5 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems ■

8.78
8.80
8.82
8.84
8.86
8.88
8.90
8.92
8.94
*8.96
*8.98
8.100
8.102
8.104
8.106
8.108
8.110
8.112
8.114
Chapter
9.2
9.4
9.6
9.10
9.12
9.16
9.22
9.24
9.26
9.28
9.30
9.34
9.36
9.40
9.42
9.44
9.46
9.48
9.50
9.52
9.54
9.56
9.62
9.68
9.70
9.72
9.78
9.80
9.84

1a2 135 ft; 1b2 137 ft
9
0.476 ft
78.1 psi
16.5 ft
5.73 fts
0.442 ft
379 kW
0.491 ft
0.0445 m
0.0746 cfs; 0.339 cfs
0.0180 m3 s
0.0284 m3 s; 0.0143 m3s; 0.0141 m3 s
24.9 psi
32.4 kPa
0.0221 m3 s
0.115 ft3 s
5.77 ft
0.0936 ft3 s
9
0.06 1rU2 22; 2.40
1.91
Yes
4.70 mm; 14.8 mm; 47.0 mm
0.00718 ms; 0.00229 ms
0.0130 m; 0.0716 Nm2; 0.0183 m; 0.0506
Nm2
0.171 ft; 0.134 ft
d  5.48 1vxU2 1⁄2
dx  5.03 Rex1⁄2
2
2.83d; 0.354d
0.0296 N
0.0438 N  m
No
1.06 ms
16.8 fts
2.82
7,080 N  m
2,200 lb
43.2%
greater
58.4 hp
counterclockwise
859 lb
4.31 MN; 4.17 MN
1a2 0.91, 0.840; 1b2 rise
53.5 kW; 4.46 kW
2.47  103 kW
0.0187 U

9.86
9.88
9.90
9.96
9.98

ANS-5

65.9 hp
22.5%
1.80 U
19.1
0.480, 0.409, 0.451, 0.482

Chapter 10
10.2
1a2 supercritical; 1b2 supercritical;
1c2 subcritical
10.6
5.66 ft
3.60 ms
10.8
8.30 fts
10.10
10.14
4.14 ft or 1.42 ft
10.16
0.528 ft; 0.728 ft
10.22
No
10.24
2 ft, 3.51 ft; 2 ft, 1.38 ft
10.28
3.44 m
0.0468 lbft2
10.30
1a2 1.80 lbft2; 1b2 0.0469; 1c2 0.636
10.32
35.0 m3 s
10.34
10.36
greater
10.38
7.42 min
10.40
0.000664
10.42
0.000269
10.44
Yes
33.0 ft3 s
10.48
10.50
2.23 ft; 0.756
10.52
Same
10.54
0.856 h
244 yd3
10.56
10.58
0.861 m
10.60
10.7 m
18.2 m3 s
10.64
10.70
0.00757
10.72
Decreases 
7.07  105
10.74
13.7 fts
10.76
0.00759 ft3 s
10.78
10.80
1a2 0.228 ft; 1b2 8.10, 0.223; 1c2 5.15 ft
10.82
1.51 m, 12,500 kW
10.84
0.0577; 0.000240
4.36 fts
10.86
5.85 ft3 s
10.88
10.90
53 deg
0.470 m3 s
10.92
10.94
Yes
3
Q  CW 12g3 12bH ⁄2 32  18H 5⁄2 152 4
10.96
Chapter 11
11.6 
1890 J 1kg  K2
11.8
351 K

7708d_Ans_01-06

ANS-6
11.10

11.12
11.16
11.20
11.22
11.24
11.30

11.32
11.34
11.36
11.44
11.46
11.48
11.54
11.56
11.58
11.60
11.62

11.64

8/30/01

7:23 AM

Page ANS-6 mac45 Mac 45:1st Shift:

■ Answers to Selected Even-Numbered Homework Problems

1a2 constant cp, hˇ2  hˇ1  49,000 1ft 
lb2 slug; varying cp, hˇ2  hˇ1  51,000 1ft 
lb2 slug; 1b2 constant cp, hˇ2  hˇ1  4.9 
106 1ft  lb2 slug; varying cp, hˇ2  hˇ1 
6.29  106 1ft  lb2 slug; 1c2 constant cp, hˇ2 
hˇ1  1.47  107 1ft  lb2  slug; varying cp,
ˇh2  hˇ1  2.19  107 1ft  lb2 slug
944 fts
1a2 2000 mph; 1b2 2930 fts; 1c2 893 ms
1a2 335 fts; 102 ms; 1b2 1280 fts; 390 ms
1a2 732 ms; 1b2 2400 fts; 1c2 1636 mph
0.625
1a2 p* p0  0.5283; T * T0  0.8333;
1b2 p*p0  0.5457; T *T0  0.8696;
1c2 p* p0  0.4881; T * T0  0.7519;
1d2 p*p0  0.5266; T *T0  0.8299;
1e2 p* p0  0.5439; T * T0  0.8658;
1f2 p* p0  0.5283; T* T0  0.8333;
1g2 p*p0  0.5283; T *T0  0.8333
1a2 0.0277 slugs; 1b2 0.03 slugs
1a2 283 ms; 0.89; 1b2 231 ms; 0.913;
1c2 1070 ms; 0.884
269 ms; 0.900
1a2 0.012 ft2; 1b2 0.00994 ft2; 1c2 0.0308 ft2
1a2 0.36 m2; 23 kPa 1abs2; 113 K; 1b2 0.257
m2; 24.8 kPa 1abs2; 82.6 K
1a2 0.0483%; 1b2 1.43%; 1c2 0.445%;
1d2 0.0163%
11 psia
1a2 1.7 kgs; 1b2 1.52 kgs
1a2 34.7 kPa 1abs2; 314 ms; 0.8; 1b2 18.4 kPa
1abs2; 593 ms; 0.39
1a2 2830 lbft2; 1b2 2550 lbft2
T1  282K; p1  95 kPa 1abs2; T01  288K;
p01  101 kPa 1abs2; V1  104 ms; T2 
674K; p2  45 kPa 1abs2; T02  786K;
p02  84.9 kPa 1abs2; V2  520 ms
404 kPa 1abs2; 81.19 K; 31 ms

11.66
11.68

11.70
11.72
11.74
11.76

Chapter
12.4
12.6
12.8
12.10
12.12
12.14
12.18
12.22
12.24
12.26
12.30
12.32
12.34
12.36
12.44
12.46
12.50

1a2 56 kPa; 1b2 47.6 kPa
1a2 May  0.475; T0,y  1690 °R; Ty  1620
°R; p0,y  360 psia; py  309 psia;
Vy  937 fts; 1b2 May  0.521; T0,y 
2390 °R; Ty  2190 °R; p0,y  409 psia; py 
330 psia; Vy  3500 fts
1240 fts; 1.25
1a2 0.94; 4 kPa; 1b2 0.8; 17 kPa; 1c2 0.47;
50 kPa
1a2 p2 p0,1  0.213; Ma2  0.62;
1b2 p2 p0,1  0.16; Ma2  0.89
T1  291 °R; p1  1.91 psia; T0,1  519
°R; p0,1  14.7 psia; V1  1660 fts; Tx 
410 °R; px  3 psia; T0,x  598 °R; p0,x 
11 psia; Vx  1490 fts; Ty  533 °R; py 
7.5 psia; T0,y  598 °R; p0,y  10.2 psia;
Vy  784 fts; T2  549 °R; p2  5.31 psia;
T0,2  657 °R; p0,2  9.8 psia; V2  1140
fts
12
1.02 1ft  lb2 lbm
1b2 fan; 1c2 7160 ft2s2
0.08 kW
1b2 918 ft  lb; 0 rpm
1.84 hp
11.5 m
No
365 gpm
255 gpm; no
0.0529 m3 s; 13% open
1000 gpm; 800 ft
Yes
centrifugal pump
mixed-flow pump
0.0826 ft; 19.8 hp; less
1a2 16.6 m2s2; 0.849; 1b2 17.4 m2 s2; 0.843
26,600 N; 37.6 m s; 707 kgs