Assalamualaikum. Wr. Wb Good Morning everybody Thanks to god who give us healthy to meet each other in here.

And I would like to thank you for our teacher Mrs helny who gives me a chance for standing here to tell you a speech about “how to overcome the flood”. Flood always come to Indonesia every year mostly at January and February. This condition is very disadvantage Indonesia because its cost thousand million rupiah to repair everything because of that. So, we must to find the way to solve the flood, but what must we do ?? I’d like to tell you about this topic because I want to make all people care about our earth. But, in the fact most of people like to disturb our earth and that’s make a disaster happened everywhere and one of disaster is flood. First, I want to explain you about the flood. What is flood ? A flood is an overflow of an expanse of water that submerges land, a deluge. In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the tide. Flooding may result from the volume of water within a body of water, such as a river or lake, which overflows, with the result that some of the water escapes its normal boundaries. While the size of a lake or other body of water will vary with seasonal changes in precipitation and snow melt, it is not a significant flood unless such escapes of water endangers land areas used by man like a village, city or other inhabited area. Clean-up activities following floods often pose hazards to workers and volunteers involved in the effort. Potential dangers include electrical hazards, carbon monoxide exposure, musculoskeletal hazards, heat or cold stress, motor vehicle-related dangers, fire, drowning, and exposure to hazardous materials. Because flooded disaster sites are unstable, clean-up workers might encounter sharp jagged debris, biological hazards in the flood water, exposed electrical lines, blood or other body fluids, and animal and human remains. In planning for and reacting to flood disasters, managers provide workers with hard hats, goggles, heavy work gloves, life jackets, and watertight boots with steel toes and insoles. There are many disruptive effects of flooding on human settlements and economic activities. However, flooding can bring benefits, such as making soil more fertile and providing nutrients in which it is deficient.

Riverine floods Flooding of a creek due to heavy monsoonal rain and high tide in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia

Slow kinds: Runoff from sustained rainfall or rapid snow melt exceeding the capacity of a river's channel. Causes include heavy rains from monsoons, hurricanes and tropical depressions, foreign winds and warm rain affecting snow pack. Fast kinds: flash flood as a result of e.g. an intense thunderstorm.

Estuarine floods

Commonly caused by a combination of sea tidal surges caused by storm-force winds. A storm surge, from either a tropical cyclone or an extratropical cyclone, falls within this category.

Coastal floods Flooding near Key West, Florida, United States from Hurricane Wilma's storm surge in October 2005

Caused by severe sea storms, or as a result of another hazard (e.g. tsunami or hurricane). A storm surge, from either a tropical cyclone or an extratropical cyclone, falls within this category.

Catastrophic floods

Caused by a significant and unexpected event e.g. dam breakage, or as a result of another hazard (e.g. earthquake or volcanic eruption).

Muddy floods

A muddy flood is generated by runoff on cropland.