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Concrete Mix Design - Weight Method, SI Units, Non-Air-Entrained Concrete

1) SLUMP Recommended slumps for various types of construction


Types of construction Reinforced foundation walls and footings Plain footings, caissons, and substructure walls Beams and reinforced walls Building columns Pavements and slabs Mass concrete Enter (from Table above) slump values: maximum = 100 minimum = 25 mm mm Maximum Slump (mm) 75 75 100 100 75 75 Minimum Slump (mm) 25 25 25 25 25 25

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2) MAXIMUM AGGREGATE SIZE


Enter the nominal maximum size of coarse aggregate = mm

3) MIXING WATER & AIR CONTENT NON-AIR-ENTRAINED CONCRETE Approximate mixing water (kg/m3) for indicated nominal maximum sizes of aggregate
Slump (mm) 25 to 50 75 to 100 150 to 175 More than 175 Slump (mm) All 9.5 mm 207 228 243 9.5 mm 3.0 12.5 mm 199 216 228 12.5 mm 2.5 19 mm 190 205 216 19 mm 2.0 25 mm 179 193 202 25 mm 1.5 kg/m3 37.5 mm 166 181 190 37.5 mm 1.0 50 mm 154 169 178 50 mm 0.5 75 mm 130 145 160 75 mm 0.3 150 mm 113 124 150 mm 0.2

Approximate amount of entrapped air in non-air-entrained concrete (%)

Enter (from Table above) water weight for non-air-entrained concrete = 205 Enter (from Table above) amount of entrapped air = 2
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%
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Concrete Mix Design - Weight Method, SI Units, Non-Air-Entrained Concrete

4) WATER-CEMENT RATIO Relationship between water-cement or water-cementitious materials ratio and compressive strength of concrete
Compressive strength at 28 days (MPa) 40 35 30 25 20 15 Enter compressive strength at 28 days = 35 MPa Water-cement ratio by weight (Non-air-entrained concrete) 0.42 0.47 0.54 0.61 0.69 0.79

Enter (from Table above) water-cement (or water-cementitious materials) ratio = 0.47 Important! Check the maximum permissible water-cement ratio from the Table below and revise the water-cement ratio entered in the box above accordingly.

Maximum permissible water-cement or water-cementitious materials ratios for concrete in severe exposure
Type of Structure Thin section (railings, curbs, sills, ledges, ornamental work) and sections with less than 25 mm cover over steel
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Structure wet continuously and exposed to frequent freezing and thawing 0.45

Structure exposed to sea water or sulfates 0.40


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All other structures


Compute

0.50

0.45

Weight of cement = 436.17

kg/m3

Are pozzolanic materials [such as Fly Ash, Silica Fumes, Ground Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag (GGBFS)] used in the mix? * NO, click here to proceed with regular mix design. * YES, select desired calculation method, and make input in one of the Tables below:

Weight Equivalency Method


If pozzolanic materials percentage by weight of cementitious material is known, click here , and Enter this percentage % If pozzolanic materials percentage by volume of cementitious material is known, click here , and Enter this percentage % Enter specific gravity of pozzolanic material (if unknown, use 2.4) =
Compute

Volume Equivalency Method


If pozzolanic materials percentage by weight of cementitious material is known, click here , and Enter this percentage % If pozzolanic materials percentage by volume of cementitious material is known, click here , and Enter this percentage %

Adjusted water-cementitious materials ratio (only for volume equivalency method) = Weight of pozzolanic materials = Weight of cement = kg/m3 kg/m3

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Concrete Mix Design - Weight Method, SI Units, Non-Air-Entrained Concrete

5) COARSE AGGREGATE Volume of oven-dry-rodded coarse aggregate per unit volume of concrete for different fineness moduli of fine aggregate
Nominal maximum size of aggregate (mm) 9.5 12.5 19 25 37.5 50 75 150
Display

2.40 0.50 0.59 0.66 0.71 0.75 0.78 0.82 0.87 mm

2.60 0.48 0.57 0.64 0.69 0.73 0.76 0.80 0.85

2.80 0.46 0.55 0.62 0.67 0.71 0.74 0.78 0.83

3.00 0.44 0.53 0.60 0.65 0.69 0.72 0.76 0.81

Nominal maximum size of aggregate =

Enter unit weight of coarse aggregate (if unknown, use 1500 to 1900 kg/m3 for normal weight aggregate) = 1800 Enter fineness modulus of fine aggregate = 2.6 Enter (from Table above) volume of coarse aggregate per unit volume of concrete = 0.64
Compute

kg/m3

Weight of coarse aggregate = 1152

kg/m3

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Concrete Mix Design - Weight Method, SI Units, Non-Air-Entrained Concrete

6) FINE AGGREGATE First estimate of concrete weight (kg/m3)


Nominal maximum size of aggregate (mm) 9.5 12.5 19 25 37.5 50 75 150
Display

Non-air-entrained concrete 2280 2310 2345 2380 2410 2445 2490 2530 mm kg/m3

Nominal maximum size of aggregate =

Enter (from Table above) first estimate of concrete weight = 2345


Compute

Weight of fine aggregate = 551.83

kg/m3

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7) ADJUSTMENT FOR MOISTURE IN AGGREGATE


Display

Design mix water = 205

kg/m3 % % % %

Enter total moisture content in coarse aggregate = Enter total moisture content in fine aggregate =

Enter the degree of moisture absorption of coarse aggregate = Enter the degree of moisture absorption of fine aggregate =
Compute

Net mix water = 205

kg/m3 kg/m3 kg/m3

Wet weight of coarse aggregate = 1152 Wet weight of fine aggregate = 551.83

Is water reducer (chemical admixture) used in the mix? * NO, click here to proceed with regular mix design. * YES, select appropriate input from Table below: If dosage of water reducer is applied as percentage of cement weight, click here
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Enter this percentage %


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If dosage of water reducer is applied as percentage of cementitious materials (cement plus pozzolanic materials) weight, click here Enter percent of reduction in water (as given by the manufacturer) due to applied dosage of water reducer =
Compute

Enter this percentage % %

Adjusted mix water = Weight of water reducer =

kg/m3 kg/m3

8) SUMMARY OF MIX DESIGN


Enter batch percentage =
Summarize

Compressive strength at 28 days = 35 Slump: maximum = 100 minimum = 25 mm mm

MPa

Nominal maximum size of aggregate = 19

mm

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Concrete Mix Design - Weight Method, SI Units, Non-Air-Entrained Concrete

Water-cement (or water-cementitious materials) ratio = 0.47 Concrete type is Non-air-entrained Air content = 2 % kg/m3

Unit weight of coarse aggregate = 1800

Ingredients of Concrete Mixture


Water kg/m3
205

Cement kg/m3
436.17

Coarse Aggregate kg/m3


1152

Fine Aggregate kg/m3


551.83

Pozzolanic Materials kg/m3

Water Reducer kg/m3

Ingredients of
Water kg
0 0

% Concrete Batch
Fine Aggregate kg
0

Cement kg

Coarse Aggregate kg
0

Pozzolanic Materials kg
0

Water Reducer kg
0

Clear all values

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Copyright 1997-2013 A. Ghaly and L. Almstead. All rights reserved. Contact A. Ghaly at ghalya@union.edu Concrete Mix Design Homepage | A. Ghaly Homepage | Union College Homepage Disclaimer: The American Concrete Institute has not approved this WWW site for use or reference. The Institute disclaims any and all responsibility for the application of stated principles, and shall not be liable for any loss or damage arising therefrom.

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