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Industrial Power System Applications

Training Course

Industry Need A reliable supply of electrical energy is becoming increasingly important in modern industrial processes. A properly designed power system improves the performance of processes and electrical services throughout the plant. Increased dependence on electrical energy and introduction of new technologies and automation requires that the industrial power system be planned, designed and operated using the best available technology. Objectives Upon completion of this course, the participants will be able to build, modify and verify power system models and perform required system analysis utilizing commercial software tools such as ETAP. Topics to be covered in this phase are: Perform load flow studies to ensure equipments are operating within their limits. Conducts short circuit studies to determine short circuit current contribution to electrical components, and identify underrated equipment. Perform motor starting studies to ensure successful motor starts without violating voltage limits. Perform transient stability studies to model system disturbances and events for facilities with on-site generating units. Assess electrical system reliability of industrial plants. Prerequisites This course is intended for engineers who are responsible for the supply of electrical energy to process and manufacturing facilities. The structure of the course presumes that participants have a general understanding of industrial power systems but does not presume extensive planning or operating experience.

Course Structure Course duration is four and one-half days, with 3 hour sessions morning and afternoon. The last day concludes at noon. Note: Hand-held calculators are required for this course. Documentation Each course participant is provided with a copy of the textbook, IEEE Recommended Practice for Electric Power Distribution for Industrial Plants (The RED Book) and a bound copy of supplementary references and technical papers. Instructors The course is taught by Siemens PTI staff members with extensive experience in industrial power system planning, design, and operation. Location The course is conducted on a regular basis at Siemens PTI offices in Schenectady, NY and at other major cities throughout the United States. It is also available for presentation at a clients location by special arrangement. Continuing Education Units 2.7 Continuing Education Units (CEU's) will be awarded for successful completion of this short course. The CEU is the nationally recognized unit for recording participation in noncredit educational programs. One CEU is equal to ten classroom hours.

PTI Power Academy TD

Power Transmission & Distribution

Course Outline Day 1 System Planning Basic design considerations Planning guide for industrial plant design Voltage consideration Fundamentals of power system analysis Review of voltage, current, and power in balanced three-phase system The per unit system Electrical machine parameters Transformers Two and three winding transformer models Load models Electrical characteristics of transmission lines and cables Day 2 Short circuit studies The purpose of short circuit studies Sources of short circuit currents Data representation for short circuit calculations Basic short-circuit analysis concepts Symmetrical components and sequence networks Types of faults ANSI/IEC short circuit calculation methods Evaluating circuit breaker duty Performing short-circuit studies Interpreting short-circuit study results Day 3 Power flow studies Data requirements for power flow study Formulation of the power flow problem Methods for solving the power flow problem DC and AC solutions Alleviating power flow problems Reactive power flow and voltage control Reactive compensation of lines and cables Voltage collapse Power factor correction Motor starting studies Why do we do MS studies? Data requirements for motor starting studies

Modeling of induction and synchronous motors Static motor starting studies Dynamic motor starting studies Alleviating voltage problems during motor starting Types of starting devices Day 4 Power factor and related considerations Reactive power and power system fundamentals Capacitor unit and bank ratings Protection of capacitors and capacitor banks Capacitor switching Motor terminal application Control of switched capacitors Harmonic and circuit resonance Grounding Equipment grounding System grounding Ungrounded Solidly grounded High and low resistance grounded Selection of system grounding Day 5 Specialized studies Overview of harmonic analysis What are harmonics? How harmonics are generated How harmonics are amplified Effects of harmonics on equipment How to eliminate harmonics problems Harmonic filters Overview of transient stability studies Overview of reliability studies

Siemens Power Transmission & Distribution, Inc., PTI P.O. Box 1058, 1482 Erie Blvd. Schenectady, NY 12301-1058 USA

Siemens AG, PTD SE PTI P.O. Box 3220 91050 Erlangen Germany

Siemens Transmission and Distribution Ltd. Sir William Siemens House, Princess Road Manchester, M20 2UR United Kingdom

Siemens PTI has local offices in many countries throughout the world. For further information and contact to our worldwide business locations and local experts, please visit the Siemens PTI website and complete a contact form. PA0302-EN-200710

All statements, technical information and recommendations contained herein are based on information and tests we believe to be reliable. The accuracy or completeness hereof is not guaranteed. Since conditions of use are outside our control, the user should determine the suitability of the product for its intended use and assumes all risk and liability whatsoever in connection herewith.