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1 ESO Fractions

UNIT 4 FRACTIONS
1. INTRODUCTION TO FRACTIONS A. Key activities
1. Draw the following fractions

2. Write the following fractions (using numbers)

3. Un entrenador dispone de 11 jugadores titulares y 6 suplentes. Expresa mediante una fracción la parte de jugadores suplentes. 4. Write the following fractions (using words) a) 5/12 b) 16/18 c) 1/5 d) 1/3 e) 2/6

5. Read in two different ways the following fractions a) 12/5 b) 6/7 c) 8/9 d) 5/12 e) 10/23

6. Read in three different ways the following fractions a) 2/3 b) 5/2 c) 3/4

7. Calculate 4 equivalent fractions of the following a) 2/5 b) 7/2 c) 7/13 d) 1/10 e) 4/3

8. Are these 2 fractions equivalent? Please explain your answer. a) 1/2 and 15/30 b) 4/5 and 8/9 c) 3/8 and 12/32 d) 1/3 and 3/9

9. Complete so the fractions are equivalent.

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1 ESO Fractions

10. Simplify the following fractions to their simplest form by dividing the numerator and the denominator by the same number. a) 4/6 b) 4/20 c) 3/12 d) 2/6 e) 35/40 f) 75/100

11. Cancel down each of these fractions to their simplest form by dividing the top and bottom number by a common factor. a) 4/16 b) 14/21 c) 10/15 d) 25/45 e) 13/52 f) 33/34

12. En un centro escolar hay 750 alumnos, de los cuales 125 son de 1ESO. Expresa mediante una fracción irreducible la parte que representan los alumnos de 1ESO. 13. Javier y Jaime han decidido ir a Telepizza a comprarse una. La dividen en 12 partes iguales. Jaime se come 4 y Javier el resto. Expresa con una fracción irreducible lo que se comió cada uno.

B. Excellence activities
14. Draw the following fractions

15. Write the following fractions (using numbers)

16. Write the following fractions (using words) a) 6/12 b) 2/3 c) 6/8 d) 2/15 e) 4/7

17. Read in two different ways the following fractions a) 8/24 b) 14/5 c) 2/13 d) 50/7 e) 2/9

18. Calculate 4 equivalent fractions of the following a) 2/4 b) 2/15 c) 10/20 d) 4/6 e) 6/5

19. Are these 2 fractions equivalent? Please explain your answer. a) 1/3 and 15/45 b) 4/3 and 8/9 c) 2/6 and 12/36 d) 1/5 and 3/10

20. Complete so the fractions are equivalent.

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1 ESO Fractions

21. Simplify the following fractions to their simplest form by dividing the numerator and the denominator by the same number. a) 2/10 b) 20/55 c) 8/14 d) 3/21 e) 6/16 f) 15/70

22. Cancel down each of these fractions to their simplest form by dividing the top and bottom number by a common factor. a) 4/20 b) 16/72 c) 3/5 d) 16/12 e) 6/30 f) 11/33

2. COMPARING FRACTIONS A. Key activities
23. Order the following fractions from the lowest to the highest 30/34, 21/34, 4/34, 33/34 and 16/34 24. Order the following fractions in descending order. 10/46, 16/46, 20/46, 36/46 and 29/46 25. Calculate the common denominator for the following fractions 3/5, 2/10, 3/4 and 6/2 26. Reduce to common denominator the following fractions 5/4, 7/2, 4/6 and 3/5 27. Order the following fractions from the lowest to the highest 2/3, 3/9, 1/2, 2/4 and 5/6 28. Order the following fractions in descending order. 4/5, 2/6, 7/10 and 4/15 29. Calculate the LCM of the denominators for the following fractions 1/16, 3/8, 5/2 and 7/4 30. Reduce the following fractions to the lowest common denominator 7/36, 7/20, 2/9 and 4/3 31. En un parque 3/8 de los árboles son pinos, 4/8 encinas y 1/8 palmeras. ¿De qué tipo hay más árboles? ¿Y menos? 32. Volvamos a Jaime y Javier con su pizza (ver Ejercicio 13). ¿Quién comió más pizza?
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1 ESO Fractions

B. Excellence activities
33. Order the following fractions from the lowest to the highest 20/24, 25/24, 15/24, 33/24 and 17/34 34. Order the following fractions in descending order. 9/16, 15/16, 19/16, 35/16 and 28/16 35. Calculate the common denominator for the following fractions 7/5, 4/8, 12/20 and 3/10 36. Reduce to common denominator the following fractions 6/5, 5/4, 3/2 and 7/10 37. Order the following fractions from the lowest to the highest 6/5, 9/8, 7/2 and 3/4 38. Order the following fractions in descending order. 8/3, 4/5, 2/6 and 7/15 39. Calculate the LCM of the denominators for the following fractions 7/8, 1/2, 3/4 and 9/10 40. Reduce the following fractions to the lowest common denominator 5/4, 3/12, 7/3 and 13/20 41. Adam cut his pie into 8 pieces and ate 5. Rachel cut her pie into 6 pieces and ate 3. Who has eaten a larger portion?

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1 ESO Fractions

3. ADDING AND SUBTRACTING FRACTIONS A. Key activities
42. Calculate

43. Calculate

44. Calculate

45. De la paga semanal que le dan a Paula, ella se gasta 1/3 en chuches verdes, 1/4 en chuches rojas y 1/5 en amarillas. ¿Qué fracción del total ahorra cada semana? 13/60 46. A Daniel le gusta andar así decide que el primer día se hace 3/5 de kilómetro. El segundo día recorre 9/4 de km y el último, 7/3 de km. ¿Cuántos kilómetros ha andado en total? 311/60

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1 ESO Fractions

B. Excellence activities
47. Calculate

48. Laura bought 1/2 kg of sweets. Gonzalo bought 3/5 kg in the same shop. But when they left the shop, a guy named Santiago stole them 2/3 kg. How many kilos have they in the end? 13/30

4. MULTIPLICATING AND DIVIDING FRACTIONS A. Key activities
49. Calculate and simplify if needed

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1 ESO Fractions

50. Calculate and simplify if needed

51. Calculate and simplify if needed

52. A lo largo de una semana una tienda de discos ha vendido 231 CDs, de los cuales 5/7 eran de One Direction. ¿Cuántos CDs de este grupo se han vendido? 165 53. En dos tiendas de informática venden el mismo modelo de tablet. Pero en la primera hacen una rebaja de 2/9 de su valor, mientras que en la segunda la rebaja es de 3/11. ¿Dónde la comprarías? 2ª 54. Ramón tiene una tableta de chocolate dividida en 12 trozos iguales. Invita a Claudia con la mitad de los 2/3 de la tableta. ¿Cuánto trozos le da a Claudia? 4

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1 ESO Fractions

B. Excellence activities
55. Calculate and simplify if needed

56. Calculate and simplify if needed

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