Developmental Milestones[1][2] 4–6 weeks When held upright, holds head erect and steady When prone, lifts

self by arms; rolls from side to back. Vocalizes; Cooes (makes vowel-like noises). Focuses on objects as well as adults Hand regard: following the hand with the eyes.[3]. Color vision adultlike. Follows dangling toy from side to side. Turns head round to sound. Follows adults' gaze (joint attention). Sensitivity to binocular cues emerges. Serves to practice emerging visual skills.[4] Also observed in blind children.[3] Smiles at parent

6–8 weeks

12–20 weeks

3 months

Prone:head held up for prolonged periods. No grasp reflex

Makes vowel noises

Squeals with delight appropriately. Discriminates smile.

5 months

Holds head steady. Goes for objects and gets them. Objects taken to mouth

Enjoys play;

vocal Localises sound 45 cm lateral to either ear. Visual acuity adult-like (20/20). Sensitivity to pictorial depth cues (those used by artists to indicate depth) emerges. Looks for toys dropped Drops toys, and watches where they go

6 months

Transfers objects from one hand to the other. Pulls self up to sit and sits erect with supports. Rolls over prone to supine. Palmar grasp of cube

Double syllable sounds such as 'mumum' and 'dada'; babbles (consonantvowel combinations)

May show shyness'

'stranger

9–10 months

Wiggles and crawls. Sits unsupported. Picks up objects with pincer grasp Stands holding furniture. Stands alone for a second or two, then collapses with a bump Can walk alone. Picks up toy without falling over. Gets up/down stairs holding

Babbles tunefully Babbles 2 or 3 words repeatedly 'Jargon'. Many intelligible words

Apprehensive strangers

about

1 year

Cooperates with dressing, waves goodbye, understands simple commands Demands constant mothering. Drinks from a cupwith both hands.

18 months

Begins to jump with both feet. o True eye color is o Movements are large and established. back straightened. then 0. reflexes are well respiration rate depending developed. accompanied by increased when baby is held in a drooling. using abdominal muscles. continue to increase o Gums are red. grasps object using entire hand (palmar grasp). months. jerky. Swallowing reflex appears and allows infant to move solid foods from front of mouth to the back for swallowing. first. up and line with the body. inability to move food to the back of o Teeth may begin to appear. position. immature. circumferences are o Continues to breathe basically equal. steadily. upper an open or semi-open arms and neck. ongoing brain together in unison growth. lower incisors coming in o Grasp reflex. disappears as infant grows o Grasps with entire hand. but generally does not move forward. holding head erect.5 cm easily irritated. o Head and chest o Turns head side to side circumference are nearly when in a supine (face up) equal to the part of the position. Can roll over from back or stomach position. older. (binocular vision). then increases reaches for objects. Can build a tower of 3 or 4 cubes and throw a ball [edit]Physical specifications o Raises head and upper ]1–4 months body on arms when in a ]Physical prone position. puts everything in mouth. o Posterior fontanelle closing or fully closed. Transfers objects from one hand to the other. rate and o Swallowing reflex and patterns vary from infant tongue movements are to infant. prone (face down) and mouthing of objects. Most children with autism are diagnosed at this age. o o o o o o o Motor development Reflexive behaviors are changing: Blinking reflex is well established Sucking reflex becomes voluntary Moro reflex disappears When lowered suddenly. Picks up objects using finger and thumb (pincer grip). May accidentally begin scooting backwards when placed on stomach. infant throws out arms as a protective measure. o Rooting and sucking o Breathing is abdominal.5 cm per month until o 4–8 months four months.can not hold head abdomen. chewing. with upper and the mouth. soon o o o o o o o o o o . circumference should o Cries with tears. o ]Motor development o Anterior fontanelle. Handles. Gums may become o Landau reflex appears near red and swollen. later reaches with one hand or the other. on activity. o Head circumference o Posterior fontanelle. 1 cm per month until six to o Skin remains sensitive and seven months. Sits alone without support. o Increases are an important o Physical indication of continued o Head and chest brain growth. waves arms about. Able to hold bottle. biting. and arms propped forward for support Pulls self into a crawling position by raising up on arms and drawing knees up beneath the body. Lifts head when placed on back. the middle of this period. 1.onto rail. head o Legs. o Head circumference o Upper body parts are more increases approximately active: clasps hands above 2 cm per month until two face. indicating o Eyes begin moving healthy. upright and legs are fully bowing gradually extended. per month. shakes. strength insufficient to o Fat rolls ("Baby Fat") hold items. Reaches for objects with both arms simultaneously. and pounds objects. rocks back and forth. increases approximately o Anterior fontanelle. the head is held o Legs may appear bowed. position. Feeds self with a spoon. Holds hands in appear on thighs.

also places objects inside one another. Legs may still appear bowed. Chest circumference is larger than head circumference. Enjoys pushing or pulling toys while walking. leaning on furniture for support. Shows awareness of distant objects (4 to 6 m or 13 to 20 ft away) by pointing at them. activity.3 cm every six months. Reaches for toys that are out of reach but visible Recognizes objects in reverse Drops thing intentionally and repeats and watches object Imitates activities like playing drum Begins to develop expressive rather than receptive language. Attempts to run. takes on more adult-like appearance. Head size increases slowly. Sits in a small chair.o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o will begin to crawl forward. Watches people. Has good balance when sitting. moves around obstacles by side-stepping. and finger foods. not always able to maneuver around obstacles. Head and chest circumference remain equal. hands appear large in proportion to other body parts. Anterior fontanelle closing or fully closed. toys. legs stiffened. Motor development Crawls skillfully and quickly. back is swayed. upper arms and neck. collapses backwards into a sitting position or falls forward on hands and then sits. cannot intentionally put an object down. Beginning to stand alone. Uses deliberate pincer grasp to pick up small o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o objects. and arms extended for support. Anterior fontanelle begins to close. . More teeth appear. direction becomes more deliberate. abdomen protrudes. Releases objects or toys by dropping or throwing. therefore. Uses furniture to lower self to floor. and activities in the immediate environment. however. holding onto adult's hand. Both eyes work in unison (true binocular coordination). crawls up and down stairs. Body shape changes. usually at the middle of this year. Toddler will begin to lose the "Baby Fat" once he/she begins walking. Follows simple instructions. Rate of growth slows. Beginning to pull self to a standing position. Crawls up stairs on all fours. Gets to feet unaided. goes down stairs in same position. "Baby Fat" continues to appear on thighs. often in the order of two lower incisors then two upper incisors followed by four more incisors and two lower molars but some babies may still be waiting for their first. falls often. can shift positions without falling. Creeps on hands and knees. Manipulates objects. Most children walk unassisted near the end of this period. [5] Toddlers (12–24 months) Physical Weight is now approximately 3 times the child's birth weight. Stacks objects. Explores new objects by poking with one finger. such as furniture or toys. and clothing still affect variations in body temperature. has difficulty stopping and usually just drops to the floor. Repeatedly picks up objects and throws them. grows approximately 1. Continues to use abdominal muscles for breathing. Stands alone with feet spread apart. anterior fontanelle is nearly closed at eighteen months as bones of the skull thicken. Walks with adult support. Carries toys from place to place. Motor development Reaches with one hand leading to grasp an offered object or toy. Looks for fallen objects by 7 months Plays „peek-a-boo‟ games Cannot understand “no” or “danger” 8–12 Months Physical Respiration rates vary with activity Environmental conditions. weather. loses interest quickly and. Feet appear flat as arch has not yet fully developed. Legs may continue to appear bowed. transferring them from one hand to the other. objects. may begin to walk alone. Arm and hands are more developed than feet and legs (cephalocaudal development). Can see distant objects (4 to 6 m or 13 to 20 ft away) and points at them. Responds to hearing tests (voice localization). o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Respiration rate varies with emotional state and activity.child actually responding to what is said to him instead of only receiving and watching the interaction. may be difficult to test formally. still appears top-heavy.

Shows increasing understanding of spatial and form discrimination: puts all pegs in a pegboard. food. such as making and imitating sounds. Uses gestures. and toys. Helps turn pages in book. Puts toys in mouth less often. animals. eating." "Daddy bye-bye. Recognizes self in mirror. taking a bath. Manages three to four objects by setting an object aside (on lap or floor) when presented with a new toy. Chasse. Later. [edit]Cognitive Development Enjoys object-hiding activities. enjoys holding spoon (often upside down) and drinking from a glass or cup. the child always searches in the same location for a hidden object (if the child has watched the hiding of an object). 2008) Psychosocial stimulation is vital during the toddler years. Passes toy to other hand when offered a second object (referred to as "crossing the midline" . Demonstrates understanding of functional relationships (objects that belong together): Puts spoon in bowl and then uses spoon as if eating." When asked. to direct adult attention. needs to be watched carefully to prevent them from getting into unsafe situations. Locates familiar objects on request (if child knows location of objects). Often imitates adult actions in play. "Give Daddy the cup. clothespins. places teacup on saucer an d sips from cup. Places several small items (blocks. places three o o o o o o o o o o o o o o geometric shapes in large formboard or puzzle. frequent spills should be expected. Identifies three body parts if someone names them: "Show me your nose (toe. Exceedingly curious about people and surroundings. Names many everyday objects. Seems aware of reciprocal (back and forth) aspects of conversational exchanges. meaning depends on the inflection ("me" may be used to request more cookies or a desire to feed self). Enjoys being held and read to. and toys. gives hugs and kisses. Play begins to become interactive. Enjoys the companionship of other children. often refuses to cooperate with daily routines that once were enjoyable. Toddlers begin to learn and exhibit independence. Enjoys looking at picture books. Shame and Doubt (will) (J. produces two-word phrases to express a complete thought (telegraphic speech): "More cookie. cereal pieces) in a container or bottle and then dumps them out. ear). [edit]Social Less wary of strangers.o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Enjoys crayons and markers for scribbling." Indicates a few desired objects and activities by name: "Bye-bye. tries to join in. tries to make doll stand up. Begins to assert independence. Helps pick up and put away toys. Responds to simple questions with "yes" or "no" and appropriate head movement. will point to familiar persons.an important neurological de velopment). Tries to make mechanical objects work after watching someone else do so. Plays alone. Responds with some facial movement. likes to know that an adult is near. [edit]Psychological Autonomy vs. such as pointing or pulling. but ironically they enjoy . Enjoys rhymes and songs. putting on shoes." "cookie". but does not play cooperatively. the child will search in several locations. Shows or offers toy to another person to look at." Follows simple directions. Most children with autism are diagnosed at this age. verbal request is often accompanied by an insistent gesture. Enjoys adult attention. Speech is 25 to 50 percent intelligible during this period. Later. some turn-taking in other kinds of vocal exchanges. Holophrastic speech: uses one word to convey an entire thought. [edit]Language Produces considerable "jargon": puts words and sounds together into speech-like (inflected) patterns. wants to try doing things without help. but cannot truly imitate facial expression. typically these are words that refer to animals. resists getting dressed. not always accurate in getting utensils into mouth. Early in this period. Stacks two to six objects per day. uses whole-arm movement. May have a tantrum when things go wrong or if overly tired or frustrated. o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Acquires and uses five to fifty words. Helps feed self.

jumps up and down. etc. what caused a particular noise. Does simple classification tasks based on single dimension (separates toy dinosaurs from toy cars). has no trouble verbalizing "mine. in other words. which usually occurs during the sensorimotor stage of Piaget's childhood theory of cognitive development) Names familiar objects. Seems fascinated by. Attends to self-selected activities for longer periods of time. They are scared of the dark and will start crying loudly. (This is what Piaget termed object permanence. o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Expresses more curiosity about the world. Physical aggression usually lessens as verbal skills improve. Throws large ball underhand without losing balance. Discovering cause and effect: squeezing the cat makes her scratch. Refers to self as "me" or sometimes "I" rather than by name: "Me go bye-bye". ]Social and emotional Shows signs of empathy and caring: comforts another child if hurt or frightened. and environment. little teapot.g. back swayed. abdomen still large and protruding. they may start throwing objects. If attention is not paid (especially watching TV). Climbs stairs unassisted (but not with alternating feet).and fourword statements." Expresses negative statements by tacking on a negative word such as "no" or "not": "Not more milk. Respirations are slow and regular Body temperature continues to fluctuate with activity. Uses feet to propel wheeled riding toys. or engrossed in. Temper tantrums likely to peak during this year. Expected to use "magical thinking". most two-year olds understand significantly more than they can talk about. Uses fifty to threehundred words. take them apart. fit large pegs into pegboard. They desire attention. can put objects together. Cognitive Eye–hand movements better coordinated. Realizes language is effective for getting desired responses. expresses. o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Unbuttons large buttons. Brain reaches about 80 percent of its adult size. Opens doors by turning doorknobs. unzips large zippers. eensy weensy spider. Is able to verbalize needs.) are a great way to encourage and stimulate this area of development. this is more exaggerated than for others).o o o o o o o o o o o o o o sharing this discovery with others. Asks a lot of questions. notes their absence. Knows where familiar persons should be. Grasps large crayon with fist. Climbs up on chair. but may fall. and finger plays (e. Two year old Physical Posture is more erect. much of a two-year-old's talk has meaning to him or her. Often achieves toilet training during this year (depending on child's physical and neurological development) although accidents should still be expected. Has broken the linguistic code. Some stammering and other dysfluencies are common. turns. vocabulary continuously increasing. emotional state. Songs." Uses some plurals. and sits down. Speech is as much as 65 to 70 percent intelligible. [edit]Language Enjoys participating while being read to. the child will indicate readiness for toilet training. because abdominal muscles are not yet fully developed. Holds small cup or tumbler in one hand. rhymes. and locates pain. figuring out situations: where the tennis ball rolled. 16 baby teeth almost finished growing out Motor development Can walk around obstacles and walk more erect Squats for long periods while playing. finds a hidden object by looking in last hiding place first. Stacks four to six objects on top of one another. appears to sometimes be overly affectionate in offering hugs and kisses to children Continues to use physical aggression if frustrated or angry (for some children. uses conventional word order to form more complete sentences. Receptive language is more developed than expressive language. Begins to use objects for purposes other than intended (may push a block around as a boat). Tells about objects and events not immediately present (this is both a cognitive and linguistic advance). Utters three. such as believing a toy bear is a real bear. scribbles. Another important advancement is active social play with adults including mirroring and repeating. where the dog went. . Balances on one foot (for a few moments). Recognizes.

and "suspense. horizontal and circular strokes. o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Usually achieves complete bladder control during this time. "Bossy" with parents and caregivers. o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o can jump from low step can stand up and walk around on tiptoes "baby" teeth stage over. still tends to hoard toys. Shows improved control of crayons or markers. Makes relevant comments during stories. often puts "-s" on already pluralized forms: geeses. males are approximately 53% of their adult height and females. [edit]Motor development Walks a straight line (tape or chalk line on the floor). Adult height can be predicted from measurements of height at three years of age.300 kJ (1.500 calories) daily. head size is in better proportion to the body. [edit]Four year old [edit]Physical development Head circumference is usually not measured after age three.[6] solitary play is often simple and repetitive. feed a doll. may jump from bottom step. rolls. but seldom interacts directly. Holds crayon or marker between first two fingers and thumb (tripod grasp). Can momentarily balance on one foot. uses "-s" to indicate more than one. Impatient. Builds a tower of eight or more blocks." Three year old Physical Growth is steady though slower than in first two years. trees. pounds. without much spilling. ]Motor development Walks up and down stairs unassisted. Needs to consume approximately 6. Can kick big ball-shaped objects. guessing. Washes and dries hands." Speech is understandable most of the time. using alternating feet. Jumps on the spot. Catches a large bounced ball with both arms extended. expects immediate compliance from adults. Circumference of head and chest is equal. not in a fist as earlier. Produces expanded noun phrases: "big. imitates everyday activities: may try to toilet a stuffed animal. Pedals a small tricycle.[7] Offers toys to other children. Enjoys swinging on a swing (not too high or too fast). Slightly knock-kneed. wants it both ways. Hearing acuity can be assessed by child's correct usage of sounds and language." Climbs ladders. avoids obstacles and oncoming "traffic. routines carried out exactly as before. "Baby fat" disappears as neck appears. landing on both feet. and squeezes it. Enjoys "helping" with household chores. 57%. Legs grow faster than arms.o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o extremely difficult to reason with during a tantrum." Answers "What are you doing?". Pedals and steers a wheeled toy with confidence. finds it difficult to wait or take turns. Likes to look at books and may pretend to "read" to others or explain pictures. brown dog. Ritualistic. Hops on one foot. Requires approximately 1. belongings placed "where they belong. Can turn pages of a book one at a time Enjoys building with blocks. shouting "no" becomes automatic. such as a cup of milk or bowl of water. uses vertical. turns corners. Watches and imitates the play of other children. abdomen no longer protrudes. aim and distance are limited. orders them around. . Making choices is difficult. Manipulates large buttons and zippers on clothing. Enjoys stories with riddles. Posture is more erect. especially those that relate to home and family events. Often defiant. May begin to show hand dominance. brushes own teeth. often choosing similar toys and activities (parallel play). makes demands. Needs minimal assistance eating." Produces verbs with "ing" endings. wants everything "just so". playground equipment. Enjoys playing with clay. Indicates negatives by inserting "no" or "not" before a simple noun or verb phrase: "Not baby. but not thoroughly. mices. Throws a ball overhand. "What is this?".700 calories daily. plays near others. and also by the child's appropriate responses to questions and instructions. pours liquid from pitcher into another container. and "Where?" questions dealing with familiar objects and events. Carries a container of liquid. but is usually possessive of playthings. Cognitive development Listens attentively to ageappropriate stories.

Relies (most of the time) on verbal rather than Physical aggression. we get dressed. Understands the sequence of daily events: "When we get up in the morning. Becomes more accurate at hitting nails and pegs with hammer. [edit]Social development Outgoing." Rote counts to 20 or more. Forms shapes and objects out of clay: cookies. Boasts. may yell angrily rather than hit to make a point. such as alphabet books with only a few words per page and many pictures. Recites and sings simple songs like mangoes and rhymes." o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o When looking at pictures." "theirs. seeks frequent adult approval. Cooperates with others. laughing one minute." "same. stops. Enjoys role-playing and make-believe activities. crying the next. Writes several letters and sometimes their name. Insists on trying to do things independently. objects." "biggest. Answers appropriately when asked what to do if tired. and "How many?" Produces elaborate sentence structures: "The cat ran under the house before I could see what color it was. holds conversations and shares strong emotions with this invisible friend. siblings' names.800 calories) daily . Shows pride in accomplishments. threatens: "You can't come to my birthday party" Name-calling and taunting are often used as ways of excluding other children. snakes. Throws a ball overhand. participates in group activities. Builds a tower with ten or more blocks." and "under.500 J (1. Imaginary playmates or companions are common. Can run in a circle [edit]Cognitive Can recognize that certain words sound similar Names eighteen to twenty uppercase letters." Uses possessives consistently: "hers. A few children are beginning to read simple books. exaggerates. Body is adult-like in proportion. Very good storytellers." "in. may have an idea in mind. Holds a crayon or marker using a tripod grasp." Answers "Whose?". Often appears selfish. cold. creating silly Language. Reproduces some shapes and letters. distance and aim improving. Requires approximately 7. Counts 1 to 7 objects out loud." Refers to activities. Moods change rapidly and unpredictably. events. lands with both feet together. selects the picture that has the "most houses" or the "biggest dogs. "Milk gone?" To Mother. or hungry. Delights in wordplay. "Did the baby drink all of his milk?" States first and last name. sulk over being left out." and "more". tests the limits with "bathroom" talk. overly enthusiastic at times." "baby's. may throw tantrum over minor frustrations (a o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o block structure that will not balance). starts. have breakfast. and moves around obstacles with ease. but often has problems implementing it so calls the creation something else. beginning to have "best" friends. Likes stories about how things grow and how things operate. and "bends" the truth with made-up stories or claims of boldness. car. animal).o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Jumps over objects 12 to 15 cm (5 to 6 in) high. but not always in order follows two to three step directions given individually or in a group may put the "ed" on the end of words such as "I goed outside and I played." "Daddy went to work. "Why?". and go to school. Five year old Physical Head size is approximately that of an adult's. can recognize and identify missing puzzle parts (of person. simple animals. and people that are not present. tattles on other children. and sometimes own telephone number. Paints and draws with purpose. May begin to lose "baby" (deciduous) teeth. Establishes close relationships with playmates. paper airplane that will not fold right. Begins to use the past tense of verbs correctly: "Mommy closed the door. Changes tone of voice and sentence structure to adapt to listener's level of understanding: To baby brother. Understands the concepts of "tallest." Speech is almost entirely intelligible. Threads small wooden beads on a string. "Who?". brush our teeth. but may get so frustrated as to verge on tantrums when problems arise: paint that drips. friendly." [edit]Language Uses the prepositions "on. gender. Runs. not always able to take turns or to understand taking turns under some conditions.

It was still dark. Rote counts to 20 and above. Knows what a calendar is for. makes up jokes and riddles. Understands concept of same shape. Boasts about accomplishments. Balances on either foot with good control for ten seconds. Sorts a variety of objects so that all things in the o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o group have a single common feature (classification skill: all are food items or boats or animals). such as color and form. Recognizes numerals from 1 to 10. calls person to phone or takes a brief message Speech is almost entirely grammatically correct. Identifies and names four to eight colours. can say how many pieces an object has when it's been cut in half. Walks unassisted up and down stairs. I. Likes entertaining people and making them laugh. Plays cooperatively (can lapse). Uses "would" and "could" appropriately.3 ft) away. Has better self-control over swings of emotions. Walks a balance beam. last. usually with training wheels.and lowercase letters. Understands the concepts of smallest and shortest. States the name of own city or town." Uses pasttense inflection (-ed) appropriately to mark regular verbs: "jumped." "rained. takes turns. toe to heel. is generous. Learns to skip using alternative feet. T. before anyone else. Asks innumerable questions: Why? What? Where? When? How? Eager to learn new things." "washed." Some children can tell time on the hour: five o'clock. Reproduces many shapes and letters: square. C. May learn to turn somersaults (should be taught the right way in order to avoid injury). same size. Answers telephone appropriately. Needs comfort and reassurance from adults but is less open to comfort. H. beginning to count and save money." Social development Enjoys and often has one or two focus friendships. shares toys.o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Visual tracking and binocular vision are well developed. . L. Defines simple words by function: a ball is to bounce. places objects in order from shortest to tallest. Uses past tense of irregular verbs consistently: "went. Often has an imaginary friend Six year old Physical Weight gains reflect significant increases in muscle mass. second. may begin to color within the lines. Many children know the alphabet and names of upper. Hand dominance is fairly well established. Understands the concepts of less than: "Which bowl has less water?" Understands the terms dark. suggests imaginative and elaborate play ideas. much longer sentences are not unusual. Recognizes and identifies coins." "swam.500 words plus. Often has an imaginary friend Cognitive Forms rectangle from two triangular cuts. Jumps or hops forward ten times in a row without falling. Cuts on the line with scissors (not perfectly). Shows affection and caring towards others especially those “below” them or in pain Generally subservient to parent or caregiver requests. Can touch toes without flexing knees. Builds three-dimensional structures with small cubes by copying from a picture or model. some children learning to ride bicycles. Rides a tricycle or wheeled toy with speed and skillful steering. and parents' names. smallest to largest. O. Produces sentences with five to seven words. Catches a ball thrown from 1 m (3. light. birthday. triangle. many children count to 100. Participates in group play and shared activities with other children. Tells a familiar story while looking at pictures in a book. two o'clock. A. U. and early: "I got up early. Language development Vocabulary of 1." "caught. Motor development Walks backwards. Identifies objects with specified serial position: first. alternating feet." Relates clock time to daily schedule: "Time to turn on TV when the little hand points to 5. a bed is to sleep in. Demonstrates fair control of pencil or marker. Understands the concept of half. o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Recognizes the humor in simple jokes. Sorts objects on the basis of two dimensions. Builds steps with set of small blocks.

Talks a lot. Experiments with slang and profanity and finds it funny.000. or nearsightedness. (Berk. Enjoys vigorous running. Making things is enjoyed. Anxious to please. and sentence structure. May be increasingly fearful of the unknown like things in the dark. word order. jumping. Baby teeth beginning to be replaced by permanent ones. Enthusiastic and inquisitive about surroundings and everyday events. often. and throwing est.wikipedia. Reverses or confuse certain letters: b/d. Can't handle things not going their own way Does not understand ethical behavior or moral standards especially when doing things that have not been given rules Understands when he or she has been thought to be "bad". Understands time (today. starting with the two lower front teeth 20/20 eyesight. 2007). o o o o o o reassurance. Able to trace objects.o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Heart rate and respiratory rates are close to adults. Motor development Gains greater control over large and fine motor skills. Loves telling jokes and riddles.100 J (1. if below 20/40 should see a professional. Uses appropriate verb tenses. The most common vision problem during middle childhood is myopia. Body may appear lanky as through period of rapid growth. puzzles and mazes Enjoys the challenge of puzzles. Learns 5 to 10 words a day. noises. values are based on others enforced values. and animals. Often can't view the world from another‟s point of view Self-perceived failure can make the child easily disappointed and frustrated. swim. needs and seeks adult approval. may complain excessively about minor hurts to gain more attention. Language Can identify right and left hands fairly consistently. though some clumsiness persists. expresses fear that parents may die. Has fun with problem solving and sorting activities like stacking.700 J to 7. you dummy. Has trouble staying still. tomorrow. Can Tie Laces. and praise. though Can concentrate effort but not always consistently. http://en. Has mood swings towards primary caregiver depending on the day Friendship with parent is less depended on but still needs closeness and nurturing. Span of attention increases. g/q. asks many questions. swing a bat. Uses 6. vocabulary of 10.org/wi ki/Child_development_sta ges o o . Social and emotional Uses language rather than tantrums or physical aggression to express displeasure: "That's mine! Give it back. counting and sorting activities.700 calories) a day. p/g. the humor is far from subtle. paperand-pencil mazes. string (like shoes). works at tasks for longer periods of time. Able to carry on adult-like conversations. Folds and cuts paper into simple shapes. t/f. movements are more precise and deliberate.000– 14. or kick a ball." Talks self through steps required in simple problem-solving situations (though the "logic" may be unclear to adults). attempts to sound out words In some cases the child may be reading well. and games that involve matching letters and words with pictures.600 to 1. Recognizes some words by sight. Recognizes seasons and major activities done in the times. yesterday) and simple motion (things go faster than others). climbing. Holds onto positive beliefs involving the unexplainable (magic or fantasy) Arrives at some understanding about death and dying. functioning which facilitates learning to ride o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o a bicycle.

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