Group members:       MOHD KHAIRI AZRI BIN AZMI MUHD TAUFIQ RADZUANSHAH ASMAA NUHA BINTI KAMARUDDIN NUR

ATHIRAH BINTI MOHD ZIN NURUL AFIKAH BINTI SAMAN SARAH SUHAIBA BINTI HIDZIR

Title: The objective of solid waste management is to minimize the adverse environmental effects caused by indiscriminate disposal of solid wastes. Discuss and suggest how to reduce the solid wastes based on the following topics: ‘Reuse of Materials’

furniture. credenzas Computers and Electronics – Personal computers. energy. windows. Its origin  domestic. printers. money. Its hazard potential  toxic. construction or institutional ii.What is solid waste??  Solid waste is the unwanted or useless materials generated from combined residential. plastic paper iii. paint. clinic or organization may find a home in another facility. commercial. Surplus Food Items and Equipment –Boxed. clothing. stage props Medical Equipment and Supplies –Equipment and supplies that are obsolete to one hospital. tools. infectious What is reuse?     Reuse is using a product or item in its original form more than once This includes conventional reuse where the item is used again for the same function or new-life reuse where it is used for a different function In contrast. industrial and commercial activities in a given area. canned and even prepared food from grocery stores Household Items – Appliances. televisions. recycling is the breaking down of the used item into raw materials which are used to make new items. paint Office Furniture and Supplies – Desks. especially those in less-industrialized nations. video cassette recorders Art Materials – Fabric. Its content  organic material. tables. glass. bagged. vehicles. Materials that can be reuse        Building Materials – Lumber. reuse help save time.  Can be categorized by: i. paint . doors. lumber. radioactive. filing cabinets. light fixtures. non-toxin. metal. dishes. fax machines. and resources. By taking useful products and exchanging them without reprocessing. industrial. chairs. flammable.

In some developing nations like India and Pakistan. Example of reuse centers exist nowadays:  Goodwill industries  Salvation Army  Second Harvest Food Bank  Deposite programs i. . For business/ organization  Create a "reuse center" i. The donated materials can be modified and make them available for redistribution or sale iii. Take your own mug to the coffee shop instead of getting a disposable cup there.Example of reusing waste materials For consumer     Take a reusable cloth bag to the grocery store. Place where people can donate their unused materials that may be useful to others ii. Offer customers a financial incentive to return packaging for reuse. Clean and refill the used bottle with drinking water. Donate old clothes and miscellaneous items to a shelter or charity instead of throwing them away. the cost of new bottles often forces manufacturers to collect and refill old glass bottles for selling cola and other drinks. ii.

 Printer cartridges and toners i. Win-win situation occurred. The companies then refill the ink reservoir to resell to consumers . ii. iii. They are sorted by brand and model. to be refilled or resold back to the manufacturers. iii. Printer ink cartridges can be reused. Encourage packaging reuse by customer ii. Refilling Programs i. The contents being transferred into a reusable package kept by the customer. the customer and companies both can save their money.

ii.  Repurposing i. tire. Typically. Garage sales can be done for benefit. ii. giving a new. tin cans. and bottles  Upcycling i. iii. Examples of repurposing include using tires as boat fendersand steel drums as feeding troughs Buildings made by solid waste such as. This method is highly efficient as there is no energy spent on melting and recreating the cartridges.iv. Repurposing is to use a tool for use as another tool. . more valuable purpose to discarded objects or material in such a way as to create a product of a higher quality or value than the discarded one. usually for a purpose unintended by the original tool-maker. repurposing is done using items usually considered to be junk or garbage.

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