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Created by: 1. Aan Fitri Murniati 2. Afida Kurnia Y. 3. Areza Pradana Witjaksono 4. Dita Darmawan 5. Epril Setiawan 6. Ergi Fathurachman 7. Ghifari Yusuf M. Arsyad 8. Sandy Satya Suryananda 9. Theo Dewo Tondo Widigdo 20120510143 20120510054 20120510081 20120510162 20110510234 20120510135 20120510057 20120510048 20120510223
MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF YOGYAKARTA FACULTY OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS DEPARTMENT 2013
CHAPTER 1 A. REASONS FOR SELECTION OF TITLE Based on data that gained from UMY’s Library, from January until August 2012, the interest of students to read book is low, prove by the lowest of library’s visitor occurred in August as much as 27 visitors and the highest visitors occurred in march as much as 1897 visitors. Based on data above we interest to do research and find the reason of this happening. Because of that we decide the title of our research is factors which affect reading interest of UMY’s students. B. BACKGROUND Many people believe that Book is one the miracle in this world. With book many information, moments and maybe picture can be saved and be heritage to the next generations. So, book has accompanied Human being’s life when they were started to be more intellectual and aware about the anything that deserved to be saved and eternalized in better way. In the past time, or approximately in the 7 century, The “Arabian Nights” Civilization in the Baghdad is recognized as the one of the greatest civilization, because the they built “big” library and have so many books that contained important knowledge that have goals to help study development, encourage research, and take care about translation matters. Build the society and the civilization. In its development, the book packaging were always transforming to be better, starting from its materials of making/ medium that been changed from stone, woods layers and then becoming a “paper” as we see as usual, the media of writing such as ink was also developed and the kind or type of every book that written is become various. But the most important is book will be useful if a habit of reading of the people is good, and it’s because people will always looking for new knowledge and ideas to improve and be better in the next time. And surely, that’s why that reading habits is give so many benefit for the reader, whatever the genre of the book that they read. For students at
universities, reading book is like to be one of the obligations for them because by reading, they can get new knowledge and widening their horizon. A further Reading book habit is one of the main methods to get lots of information, and references to help their study and give more details information better. Nowadays, we will very often find students who are willing to always work with the books whether only for increasing their knowledge or using the books as the literature for their academic task. It can be influenced by so many internal factors such as the condition of the library, the completeness of its collection book, the library’s facilities and maybe other factors. First, the condition of the library can influence the students to stay longer in the library. Students will feel comfort if the condition of the library is also making them comfort inversely they will feel not comfort to stay longer if the condition is not comfort. Second, the completeness of the book is also one of the factors that will at track the students to find literature for their academic tasks. Third, the facilities of the library is also can influence the students since the facilities are can make the students easier in finding the books they need`. There were also exist the external factors which influencing the reading book interest of the student, these factors such as the development of internet technology which its existence replacing the function of books and creating “simple” habit in the student so they become lazy to read books. Other influencing factor could be came from lecturer which very less giving assignment which enforcing student to read books, returning books role as the primary source of knowledge. C. ISSUES FORMULATION 1. Do internal factors such as library facility influencing the interest of the students of UMY to reading books?
2. Do external factors such as Internet and technology development influencing the interest of the students of UMY to reading books? 3. Which are the most dominant factors which influencing the low interest in reading books? 4. What can we do to solve or overcome the factors which reducing the student interest of reading books in order to increase the interest? D. GOAL OF RESEARCH 1. Discovering factors which causing UMY students has low interest in reading books. 2. Knowing which factors that most dominant in affecting students interest on reading books. 3. Knowing which action should be done to increase the student interest in reading by overcome or solving the main factor which influencing it. 4. Could create alternatives and solutions to increase the student interest on reading books. E. HYPOTESIS Factor-factor such as library condition, and the development of internet are the dominant factor which reducing the book reading interest of the students F. RESEARCH METHOD Population Population is the whole subject as a source of data that have certain characteristics in a study. Characteristics in this study are: (a) registered as active student of UMY in the education year of 2012/2013. Population Sample: a. Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
b. c. d. e. f.
Faculty of Law Faculty of Medical Faculty of Islamic Sciences Faculty of Engineering Faculty of Economics Faculty of Agricultural
Faculty Social and Political Sciences Law Medical Islamic Sciences Engineering Economics Agricultural 2369 785 1924 1068 1639 2253 467
Table of UMY’s Student Amount of Amount of Students Samples 2369 785 1924 1068 1639 2253 467 355.55 117.75 288.6 160.2 245.85 337.95 70.05 355 117 288 160 245 337 70
TABLE OF UMY STUDENT POPULITY TAHUN TAHUN TAHUN 2010 2011 2012 38 46 40 83 116 68 71 65 79 156 197 80 120 127 109 237 342 132 5 8
PROGRAM STUDI S1 AGRIBISNIS S1 AGROTEKNOLOGI S1 TEKNIK ELEKTRO S1 TEKNIK MESIN S1 TEKNIK SIPIL S1 TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI S1 AKUNTANSI TERAPAN S1 TEKNIK ELEKTROMEDIK
D3 TEKNIK MESIN OTOMOTIF DAN PRODUKSI S1 PENDIDIKAN DOKTER S1 KEDOKTERAN GIGI G. S1 D ILMU KEPERAWATAN S1 R FARMASI S1 A EKONOMI MANAJEMEN S1 F AKUNTANSI S1 T ILMU EKONOMI S1 I. HUBUNGAN INTERNASIONAL S1 O ILMU KOMUNIKASI S1 F ILMU PEMERINTAHAN S1 PEND. BAHASA INGGRIS S1 Q PEND. BAHASA ARAB S1 U PEND. BAHASA JEPANG S1 I ILMU HUKUM S1 S KOMUNIKASI ISLAM S1 EKONOMI & PERBANKAN ISLAM T S1 PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM I JUMLAH O NARE
226 114 175 80 119 232 48 255 185 156 79
231 119 189 110 180 382 117 366 202 184 114 5 236 19 147 156 3405
199 17 100 164 2540
7 272 117 192 99 398 494 283 484 286 251 133 27 9 350 42 257 166 4947
KUISIONER FAKTOR PENYEBAB TURUNNYA MINAT MEMBACA BUKU DI PERPUSTAKAAN UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA Tandai tanggapan yang menurut anda sesuai dengan pertanyaan dengan memberikan tanda X (silang) pada kolom nomor yang tersedia Scale : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Very Bad Bad Fair Good Very Good
No. 1. What do you think about UMY’s library?
2. 3. 4. 5.
What do you think about the books collection in the UMY’s library? What do you think about the books condition in the UMY’s library? What do you think about the service in the UMY’s library? Tandai tanggapan yang menurut anda sesuai dengan pertanyaan dengan memberikan tanda X (silang) pada kolom nomor yang tersedia
No Yes 1. Do you think that UMY should build the new library? 2. Is UMY’s library far from your faculty? 3. DO you think that UMY’s library should re-new the book stock? 4. Is there any air conditioner in UMY’s library? 5. Do you get membership card from UMY’s library? 6. Have you paid to make the card? 7. Is the card expensive? 8. Is there any computer to help you find the book? 9. Do you prefer to read text book better than e-book? 10. Do your lecturer give advice to read text book? 11. Does e-book help you to finish your homework? 12. Is e-book more effective than text book to help you finish your home work? 13. Do you busy? 1. If yes, do you have time to go to library? 2. If no, do you have time to go to library? 14. Do you prefer to read text book on your house / room better than in the library? 15. Do you like reading book on the library?
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